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For APRIL, 1905 


(Illustrated) Joseph H. Adams ...... 1 


The Excluded— A Great Bereavement -Another Year —The Annual 
Meeting— In Death Not Long Divided— Correction 


Growth in Colorado. R. T. Cross . . • • .14 

Keep New England Christian. Henry H. Hamilton . . .15 

Go West, Young Man ! Why? D.L.Leonard . . . .16 

Christ and Our Country. John Henry Barrows . . . .17 


OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE. Conducted by Don O. Shelton 
Hearty Co-operation Assured— Classes for the Study of Home Missions 

The New Home Mission Programme— Dr. Jefferson's New Booklet 
Aggressive Evangelism. S. Earl Taylor . 
Christian Pioneers in America. Charles H. Morgan, Ph.D. 
Maps and Charts ....-.• 
Suggestive Notes , ■ . 


How to Hive an Audience— Cheering Testimony —Taking it in from 
the Outside— Revival— Dispelling the Lethargy— The Latest from the 
Arctic Circle— A Voice of Experience 

CHRISTMAS FRUITS. Miss Mary Zoltak . . . .29 


Statesmen and Truth-Tellers— Advertising Pictures - Responses 







Published monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 





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35I-3S2 West I till Street, New York 

1868 — —37th YEAR 1905 

When writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missionary 


Heroes of the Cross in America 

A Biographical Study of Home Missions 
By Don O. Shelton 

Published in the Forward Mission Study Series Under the Auspices of 
The Young People's Missonary Movement 

Designed for Mission Study classes in Young People's Societies; for the use 
of Women's Home Mission Unions; and for general reading. 

To the General Reader 

The book is extremely interesting;. It will appeal at once to the general 
reader, young or old, because it has the human touch that always tells; and to those who 
make its subjects a study it will reveal the secret of true happiness, of service, and of nobility 
of character. Nowhere in the same number of pages can one find more 
matter that makes for righteousness, for true Americanism. Pastors who wish 
to awaken a revival spirit in their churches could not do a more effective thing than to secure 
the reading by their members of such a book as this. — The Rev. Howard B. Grose, Editorial 
Secretary Baptist Home Mission Society. 

For Young People's Societies 

It tills a long unoccupied place in our missionary literature. Its appeal to the heart 
along personal biographical lines is at once direct and decisive. I shall 
certainly use it soon as a text-book with our young people. It ought to be in 
every Sunday school library. Every young people's society ought to secure copies and circulate 
them among its members. — The Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen, Toledo, Ohio. 

As a Text-Book 

Questions, literary references, and lists of topics for discussion make it a serviceable text- 
book. — The Outlook. 

The marginal titles are a great boon to students as well as to the general reader, while the 
questions for study following each chapter invite and almost compel a careful reading. — The 
Rev. Dr. J. B. Clark, Author of "Leavening the Nation." 

302 Pages. Handsomely Bound. Illustrated. 
Cloth, 50 Cents. Paper, 35 Cents. Postage 10 Cents Extra. 

The Congregational Home Missionary Society 

287 Fourth Avenue, New York. 

When writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missionar 


Personally Conducted Tours 



New York Central 


Will move at frequent intervals in 
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and May. 

For particulars, inquire of ticket 
agents of the New York Central 
Lines, or enclose a two-cent stamp 
for a copy of "America's Winter 
Resorts," to George H. Daniels, 
General Passenger Agent, Grand 
Central Station, New York. 

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When writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missionary 





APRIL, 1905 

No. 1 


By Joseph H. Adams 

DOWN on Ellis Island, in New 
York Harbor, a great human 
sifting machine is running 
every day, classifying, counting and 
examining, the thousands who reach 
our shore each year; in this process 
of judging the human character the 
inspectors, officers and heads of de- 
partments have become such experts 
that few of the undesirable class slip 
through the gateway into this land 
of promise and sunshine. 

Despite the eternal vigilance how- 
ever, it is a physical impossibility to 
judge every one correctly and some 
get in that should be kept out. Yet 
frequently, through the police and 
charities department a few of them 
fall again into the hands of the im- 
migration authorities and are speed- 
ily deported. 

Standing at the head of the line, 
before the medical examiners, it is an 
interesting sight to watch the doctors 
sifting the good from the suspicious 
as a ship load of immigrants passes 
before them in single file. Two 
physicians are always in attendance, 
and what might escape one the other 
is sure to detect. The first physician 
uses chalk freely to mark the cloth- 
ing of a suspect and when passed 
along the line to the second doctor 
he is turned into an enclosure for 
further examination, which will per- 
haps determine his or her eligibility 
to be admitted. 

Close to this line and near the 
medical examiners is the "moral 
wicket," at which one or more 
matrons are stationed, and often the 
women or children who have passed 
the medical inspectors are held up 
here for further examination. Dur- 
ing the past year more than 300,000 
women have passed this wicket, and 
with a yearly average of approxi- 
mately this number, someone must 
be responsible for their moral 
character before they are admitted 
to a new life where perhaps more 
freedom will be granted than they 
have ever known before. 

A United States Court composed 
of an interpreter and a number of 
experienced judges are in session 
each day, composing what is known 
as the " S. I." or Board of Special 
Inquiry, and all cases to be inves- 
tigated are brought before them for 
decision and final disposition. For 
the pauper, the contract laborer and 
the generally undesirable class this 
board has its terrors, and many a 
hard-faced criminal, disreputable 
character, and diseased immigrant is 
turned back through its decision. 

Here on the line comes a flashily 
dressed French girl. The inspector 
mentally says, "no good," but he is 
close-mouthed; to be so is part of his 
profession. To his questions she 
answers promptly but guardedly ; she 
has been told and does she not know? 


Aha! These sharp-eyed men she will 
elude them; she has money, yes — 
"How much?" "Oh, plenty," and 
out come 500 francs, but with not a 
sufficiently clear reason for admis- 
sion. She is without trade or occupa- 
tion. She has only friends in New 

York, somewhere in West Street; 

they are very fine people, oh yes! 
And she cannot go to them, why not? 
Simply because the inspector remem- 
bers reading but a few days ago that 
the house whither she is bound was 
raided and several French girls were 
taken to Jefferson Market police 
court. It is a bad street anyway and 
in a tough locality. Her card is 
marked " S. I," and she is held for 
further investigation which only re- 
sults in her being sent back. 

Next comes a book-keeper, so he 
says. His father gave him money 
and he was coming here to make his 
fortune. The inspector is not satis- 
fied and he is turned over to the " S. 
I." Board. But his papers, money 
and statements are clear and he is 
admitted; they give him the benefit 
of the doubt as they always do. 

But next in line comes a well built 
stocky Pole, with nothing in the 
world but a carpet bag, a few bundles 
and a small showing of money. Am- 
bition is written all over his face and 
he is admitted. "Now" says the 
recorder, pausing for a moment, 
"see the difference between these 
two gents. The first duffer will look 
around for a job, spend time and 
money to get something to suit him 
and keep his job for a short time; 
then he will give it up, will run 
through his money, will borrow from 
his friends and then give them all 
the cold hand. He won't wear well 
and his dad knew it when he sent 
him over, but he was glad to get rid 
of him. So lots of them are. Now 
look at the difference between him 
and that Pole. He knows nothing 
but work. Look at his eyes, mild 
but good. He has been brought up 
next to mother earth ; turn him loose 
from the train when he reaches his 
destination and he will dig. He 

won't hang around looking for a job, 
but when the first greetings are over 
he will till the soil and before you or 
I know it he will have crops and that 
is what he will live on. He comes 
from a hard country, is tough, and 
when you and I are going around 
shivering in an overcoat, he will be 
going around in his shirt sleeves. 
That is the stuff we want here, not 
the first kind, with flabby hands and 
sapped vitality." 

Sure enough the book-keeper did 
not wear well and falling into the 
hands of the police, some months 
later, he was deported under the 
three-year limitation law and the 
country was better for it. 

Coming back to the "Moral 
Wicket " again, every woman claim- 
ing to be a wife is stopped at that 
point. If her husband is with her 
and she has been legally married that 
is sufficient, but if a ceremony has 
never taken place, they must be 
legally married before they may pass 
in, and this ceremony is conducted 
by the missionaries connected with 
the various churches stationed at 
the Island. 

Among the great throng of girls 
that come over each year there are 
many who are deceitful, secretive 
and positively bad. These are ex- 
tremely hard to manage. There is a 
tone of savagery about them that is 
almost unconquerable. And if such 
as these made up the population of 
the tenement districts and farming 
country, anarchists would be bred. 
Of course this class are deported to- 
gether with the runaway wives, the 
old and decrepit, the diseased, and the 
generally undesirable class that are 
friendless and without means of live- 
lihood, and likely to become a public 

It is also made unlawful to assist 
or encourage the immigration of 
aliens by a promise of employment 
or by advertisingin a foreign country, 
and any alien coming in consequence 
of such advertising must be treated 
as coming under a promise or agree- 
ment. All foreigners brought in in 


violation of this law are immediately 
sent back, and, if practical, on the 
vessels which brought them. The 
cost for their maintenance while on 
land as well as the cost of their re- 
turn must be borne by the owners of 
the vessels on which they came. All 
such precautions are necessary or 
otherwise this country would become 
the dumping ground for the scum of 
European nations. That many of 

disease bars many hundredsannually, 
and contract violations alone turn 
back a thousand each year, while the 
various other causes for exclusion 
swell the number to several thous- 
ands annually who catch only a fleet- 
ing glimpse of America and who go 
back from whence they came. 

Then. begins for many the tragedy 
of the excluded. When the boat 
reaches the other side, the outcasts 


undesirable quality are admitted is 
acknowledged and it may prove one 
of the curses rather than one of the 
blessings of immigration; but the 
authorities take a broad-minded view 
of the matter, and feel that under 
different environments recovery and 
regeneration will eventually take 

Pauperism excludes more immi- 
grants than any other one cause: 

are dumped on foreign soil, positively 
without money and friends and with 
no means of reaching their old homes. 
Indeed no homes are awaiting them; 
they have disposed of their farms and 
their furniture or both, to purchase 
their passage to the land where gold 
is picked up in the streets and the 
people are all millionaires. So they 
have been led to believe by the state- 
ments of the oily and glib-tongued 



steamship agent. He is travelling 
through Europe in numbers and 
planting the seeds of unrest in the 
bosoms of thousands of satisfied 
country folk, who through his pre- 
varications are induced to sell their 
little or all and launch forth into a 
sea of unknown trouble. 

Of these the final tale is harrow- 
ing in the extreme and the untold 
suffering is known only to those who 
pass through it. They are shut out 
of the life of which they dreamed ; 
they cannot take up the old life 
where they dropped it, for their 
means have been exhausted and 
poverty stares them in the face. To 
the pauper, the profligate and the 
wandering Jew, this deportation act 
in their life drama does not strike 
with such a blow, nor is the pity felt 
here that is clue the family or the 

widowed mother with her raft of 
small children, who have striven to 
better themselves and have failed. 
This is the real consummation of the 
tragedy of deportation of which the 
world knows little or nothing. 

Who is the sorrowful old woman 
in the corner of the excluded room, 
with despair written all over her 
features? She is more than sixty 
years old, feeble and too old to work. 
Ask the missionaries; they have 
been trying to persuade her children 
to take her back again, bringing all 
their moral suasion to bear, but with 
no effect. Ten years ago these girls 
came over and are now "ladies;" 
two at service and earning good 
wages, the other married but with 
no children. The old father at home 
died leaving this old mother alone. 
The children sent for her and on 


arrival they solemnly pledged them- 
selves to care for her while she 
should live. Gradually they became 
tired of the burden and within a 
year turned her out one cold winter's 
day, where she was found by the 
police on a street corner, almost 
frozen. Through her tale and the 
department of charities, she was re- 
turned to Ellis Island and finally de- 
ported, — to where? — yes, that is the 
sad question; to the almshouse, or to 

eye disease which baffled the hospital 
staff to cure. Both were deported 
after being here seventy-five days, 
although the uncle in the West to 
whom they were going would care 
for the one and pay all the expenses 
of the other ; but incurable contagious 
eye disease debarred them. Father 
and mother were dead and the girls 
had looked forward to a new and 
happier life in America. But they 
were destined to spend the remainder 


the streets of a foreign city as a 
beggar, penniless, homeless, with no 
one to care for her and finally to fill 
an unknown grave. 

When two or more girls come over 
together and one is excluded they 
have to return together because that 
is the law; the other can come again 
and probably be admitted. Two 
Polish girls, sisters, were recently 
the objects of the missionaries' care. 
Jessa Veronica was afflicted with an 

of their lives together until death 
parted them, for now the one had to 
support the other and perhaps be- 
came afflicted with the same disease. 
Here is a curious case. On the 
way to the boat the inspector has a 
family in charge who are apparently 
above reason for deportation. But 
they have to sail immediately for 
Russia. The man's face has a de- 
termined and dogged expression as 
he passes the crowd coming off the 



boat. But one of the passengers 
recognized him as a fellow country- 
man and an acquaintance and in the 
short conversation that followed some 
light was thrown on the situation. 
It seems that he had stoutly main- 
tained before the inspectors that be- 
sides his railroad tickets for the 
West he had but two dollars and 
fifty cents, too little to supply food 
for his family for one day. He had 
been warned not to show or tell of 
his money, for the Americans were 
thieves and would take it all away. 
Rather than take any chances he 
was returning to Russia, where he 
could buy another farm and live, 
'rather than have his all stolen from 
him here by "pigs." The situation 
was rapidly explained to the in- 
spectors and the man and his family 
were admitted. He carried three 
money bags on his person, the gold 
contents of which ran above 8,000 

On a bench in the women's "de- 
tained" sits a mother and seven 

children, all girls, patiently awaiting 
the father's arrival from Chicago. It 
is for a final farewell; one child is in 
the hospital; she has been debarred 
by an incurable, contagious disease 
and the whole family must return. 
They are poor and it has taken all 
his little store of money to bring 
them over. On their return the 
child may be gotten into an asylum 
or a hospital for incurables. But 
chance is against it and the foreign 
retreats are not like our own. 

Ludwig Molluar and his sixteen- 
year-old boy were ordered deported; 
the boy was all right but the father 
was an ex-convict. Both have to re- 
turn. Their case was appealed to 
Washington and decided against 
them. The father became despon- 
dent and rolling himself in his 
blanket early on the morning of de- 
portation day he shot himself, while 
in an upper bunk of the excluded 
room. Weapons and knives are 
supposed to be taken from those who 
occupy this room, but luggage is not 


always searched, only the person. 
The father's act favored the boy, for 
his death broke the law and he was 
admitted after the body had been 

Here in the women's detained room 
we find a pretty Swedish girl decked 
with flowers emblematic of the bride 
to be. She has come over to meet 
her lover who has sent for her. 
Several days have passed and Olaf 
has not appeared. He came to this 

country three years before and has 
been preparing a farm home for her, 
and at last it is ready. He has sent 
for her and she has come to be 
married; but five days have passed 
and Olaf has not appeared. When 
the steamer sails she is sent back. 
That is the law. Oh, the grief and 
anguish of her soul ! No comfort 
can the missionaries give her. Where 
is Olaf? Olaf who was so good. 
Something has surely happened. Can 




she not wait a little longer ? No, 
back she must go; love stories are a 
drug in the Ellis Island market. 
Several days after she has sailed Olaf 
storms into the Island. Where is 
she? Sent back! and for what? 
Telegraph? how could he when he 
was out of his head. Did not the 
railroad accident occur, and should 
they not know he would come! The 
authorities felt chagrined. Cable her 
and wait, that was all he could do 
and so he waited for three long 
weeks. She knew, but the strain was 
too much for her. At last the ship 
came in, all the passengers were 
landed, but no girl. As the last of 
the line passed the inspectors one 
officer handed the matron some 
papers, the records of the ship, and 
entered among them was one death 
and burial at sea, Inga Swenson. 
Olaf went back to his farm, broken 
in heart and spirit, the girl he had 
worked for was gone forever out of 
his life. With him he took his grief 
and some hard feelings against the 

country that had treated him so 
badly. The tragedy of this case will 
live long in the memories of the 
authorities who dealt with it. 

Stowaways add to the list of the 
deported every year and on the 
return trip the ship's papers not in- 
frequently record a suicide at sea, 
either by self-inflicted injuries or by 
jumping over-board. 

The ocean cable is a great help to 
immigration authorities. For ex- 
ample, " Vincenso Lorencio, cross- 
eyed, red-hair, scar on left cheek, mur- 
derer, detain; papers by steamer." 
In the Barbarossa's horde upwards of 
fifteen hundred, the sifting and sort- 
ing go on. No one of that descrip- 
ion. No red hair- and no scar. Hold! 
Here is a crossed eye and a wicked 
looking one at that. "Ah, Vincenso" 
the inspector greets him. He doesn't 
know it is he but he chances it, in 
spite of the black hair, black 
whiskers and the absent scar. ' ' Take 
off your hat, Vincenso, the men all 
do it in polite company. See, Vin- 


censo, this wig does not fit right, the 
red hair shows here over the ear, see." 
Meanwhile, Yincenso denies his 
name, protests that he is not and 
does not know him, all of which 
comes out right in the washing. He 
is held, and on the next steamer 
comes the " Bertillion record" that 
tells all and a photograph of him that 
is convincing. Yincenso will hang 
on his return and no one will care. 
He murdered his wife for her money 
to pay his fare to America. A little 
glimpse he gets of the brighest land 
but he cannot enter it. 

" Moses Heinstein " calls an atten- 
dant at the door of the detaining 
room. A little hollow chested, long 
bearded Jew, with red eyes and 
prominent cheek bones, comes for- 
ward with a grip in one hand and a 
stick and a sack in the other and 
despair written all over his face. His 
family are in this country. He went 
home to see his old mother in Russia 
and consumption debars him from 
returning now. He is not a citizen, 
has never been naturalized, though 
a resident here for fifteen years. His 
business and all his interests center 
on the East Side, but final decision 
is against him, he must go back. 
AVhat becomes of him and his wife 
and two children is another story. 
All this would have been avoided if 
he had become naturalized, for then 
no bar could have been put up. 

" The two gents marked 10," sang 
out an interpreter at the inspector's 
desk. The men and their baggage 
were hustled into a waiting room and 
in turn were brought before the 
board. " Ah, Nicholas Polaska, your 
wife is not with you." "No, she is 
coming later." " Coming later, and 
for what?" "Did you tell her to 
come or where you were going?" 
"Yes." "You did, eh, and why 
this telegram from the Consul, 
Nicholas? The next time you leave 
your wife and children you had 
better tell them where you are going 
and make better arrangements for 
their keeping while you are away. 
Both of you go home on the next 

steamer and the authorities will see 
that you do not repeat this little 

The Russian boy in a goatskin 
coat has to go back to Russia. Some- 
one has given hirn a Derby hat the 
first one he ever had until he landed 
at Ellis Island. His heavy shoes are 
out at the sides and his sole other 
garments are a gray flannel shirt and 
a holely pair of trousers. The poor 
fellow's mother died in the steerage 
on the way over and the uncle in the 
West has not replied to the telegram 
sent him although four weeks have 
passed. Nothing is to be clone but 
to return. He is deported and soon 
after the uncle appears at the Island. 
He was up in the mountains and 
missed the telegram. Homeless, 
friendless, an orphan and distracted 
at being thus thrown on the world 
the boy ran away at the first port the 
steamer touched, and from that day 
to this nothing has been heard. 

Here are two children, an interest- 
ing brother and sister. The father 
promised to meet them but he can- 
not be found. He is a nice little 
chap and the sister feels the trouble 
too; tags are all right and money 
enough, but who is going to care for 
them when they get to Minnesota ? 
The patient little Hungarian boy 
spends most of his time for four 
weeks squatted on the floor with his 
back against the wall hoping every 
day his father will come. He has 
not told his little sister that they 
will have to go back; she will take it 
too much to heart. Subsequent in- 
quiry disclosed the fact that the 
father was killed shortly after the 
children had started from Budapest, 
just before he was to start East to 
meet them. He was in the moun- 
tains and alone and it was weeks be- 
fore his body was found. 

Ah, if the deportation books could 
be opened and important cases could 
be followed, what plots for tragedies, 
what plays based on hard indispu- 
table fact, would be at the command 
of the writers of fiction; for many of 
the cases that pass through the 



clearing house at Ellis Island are 
more deeply shrouded in mystery 
than the plots of the novelists. And 
could the whole chain of circum- 
stances be uncovered instead of a 
corner of the cloth lifted at the gate- 
way, what wonderful and thrilling 
passages and situations would be 
revealed for dramatization! 

When the last gong of the outgo- 
ing steamer sounds and the gang 
planks are hauled in, when the 
whistle gives forth its signal of de- 
parture and the crowds on the pier 
and on the decks exchange their last 
messages, everything looks rosy to 
the casual observer; for happiness 
is at its flood tide in this joyful 
scene of departure. But down in 
the confines of the ship another and 
vastly different scene is taking place 
and one that the happy throng on 
deck is not a witness to. 

The watch is lifted and the vigi- 
lant care exercised that none of the 
deported immigrants shall escape, is 
relaxed. The ship is free from land 
and none of the little disheartened 
band would try to elude the watch- 
ful officers now that hope of escape 
is gone. Many a sigh is heard and 
bitter tears are shed among these 
forlorn outcasts. But their wails of 

misery do not reach the happy voy- 
agers on deck. Almost every ship 
carries its burden of sorrow, more at 
times than at others, particularly on 
their outward trips, for then the 
unfortunates who have been rejected 
at the gates are returned again to the 
ports where they embarked and here, 
so far as we are concerned, the story 
ends. But where does it really end 
and is there an end! That is a ques- 
tion we do not ask for the answer 
is long coming. 

The brighter side of the picture is 
shown in the other departments of 
immigration where friends meet 
friends and relatives are again uni- 
ted, but that is a familiar picture. 
In the detained room day after day 
the tragical play goes on. Its 
victims hope against hope that at 
the last hour some one will intercede 
for their release. They and the tales 
they tell are but a few that take part 
in the play going on each year at the 
very threshold and within sight of 
the glorious land of freedom on the 
broad but well guarded stage at 
Ellis Island. The whole universe 
is the audience that witnesses this 
continuous performance of what 
may be properly entitled, "The 
Tragedy of the Excluded." 



The Excluded 

PROPERLY speaking, home 
missionary interest in the for- 
eigner begins, not at the 
Barge Landing of Ellis Island, but 
at the gate of exit, where having pass- 
ed every test, he is at liberty to go 
whithersoever he will in his adopted 
country. The care of the excluded 
rests with the government and with 
certain steamship companies which 
import every year thousands of unfit 
persons who come to look upon the 
land of promise but never to enter it. 

No one will read Mr. Adams story 
in the current number without pity 
for the victims described, nor with- 
out gratitude for the wise legislation 
which stands with drawn sword, 
forbidding the entrance of foreign 
vice, crime, pauperism, and anarchy. 
For this beneficent work of preven- 
tion, backed by the strong arm of 
the law, and made effectual by faith- 
ful keen-eyed inspectors, God be 

Officials are not omniscient and in- 
justice is sometimes done; but we 
believe that the reader will agree 
with Commissioner Sargent, as re- 
ported in the March Home Mission- 
ary, that the mesh of the law needs 
to be stiffened rather than relaxed; 
that the benefit of the doubt belongs 
to the United States rather than to 
the alien who clamors f oradmittance. 
We have good authority moreover 
for saying that only a trifling per 
cent, of unjust exclusions can be 
traced, while numbers of those who 
are admitted with a question as to 
their worthiness, fall back sooner 
or later into the hands of the immi- 
gration authorities, and are finally 
deported. All this speaks well for a 
system beset with difficulties, and 
should encourage our missionary 
boards to redouble their efforts to 
reach and to save the foreigner who 

has proved himself worthy to enter, 
and is here to stay. 

A Great Bereavement 

Not since the death of the lamented 
Montgomery has the foreign depart- 
ment of the society's work suffered 
a more grievous loss than the one it 
now sustains in the removal by death 
of Dr. Henry A. Schauffler. When 
the Slavic Department was opened 
in 1884, there was but one man in 
America, providentially ordained 
and equipped to direct and develop 
it. By birth and early training a 
missionary, the son of a missionary 
father and mother, a successful la- 
borer under the American Board 
among the Catholic population of 
Austria, a man of intense enthu- 
siasm and entire consecration, ac- 
complished in more than one of the 
Slavic tongues, Dr. Schauffler provi- 
dentially detained in this country at 
that time by the sickness of his wife, 
was immediately elected to the posi- 
tion, which he has held now for 
twenty years; every year proving 
more and more clearly his supreme 
fitness for the office. 

He has done a large work. When 
he began he was like a miner, who 
had discovered a rich lode, but with- 
out a single helper or a single tool 
with which to work it. Chiefly 
through his instrumentality, the 
Slavic Department of Oberlin Col- 
lege, and the Cleveland Training 
School for Bible Readers were inau- 
gurated. Wherever he heard of a 
possible missionary, he started to 
find and to know him. The tests 
which he applied to the candidate 
were exacting. Above all else the 
man must prove himself to be spirit- 
ually converted. When this was in 
any doubt the superintendent la- 
bored for his conversion. If promis- 


ing, he was encouraged to enter the 
Slavic Department at Oberlin, where 
his progress was watched with the 
closest scrutiny. Into the Bible 
Training School at Cleveland he also 
brought many young Slavic women 
to be taught in the knowledge of 
God's Word, and who are now inval- 
uable helpers in the religious devel- 
opment of their race. 

Amid all these labors he was him- 
self the spiritual leader of a Bohemian 
congregation in Cleveland, which, 
after years of most careful instruc- 
tion, were organized into the First 
Bohemian Congregational Church of 
America, in 1888. Always and 
everywhere he was zeal incarnate. 
He was also conscience incarnate. 
Some have judged him as too strict. 
Many a mile he walked to keep a 
Sabbath appointment rather than 
make use of a Sunday conveyance. 
Yet withal, he was not an austere 
man. Never was there a more genial 
companion. He was a scholar of 
culture and at home in every cultured 
circle. More than once, he has been 
invited to the platform of the Na- 
tional Council, to present some phase 
of his beloved work; his papers have 
been of rare interest and scholarly 

Such a man won to himself a mul- 
titude of friends who contributed, to 
the necessities of his work, some- 
times through the treasury of the 
society and often to himself person- 
ally. His annual reports of the 
Slavic work have always held the 
place of honor in the yearly state- 
ments of the Home Missionary Soci- 
ety. They were always presented at 
length, because no part could be 
omitted for lack of interest. If these 
annual reports were to be gathered 
up they would be found to contain 
a minute and complete history of 
the department for twenty years, 
down to the average attendance of 
every congregation and Sunday 
school contained within the field of 
his supervision. 

More than once his strength has 
been nearly exhausted by his abun- 

dant labors; but seldom has he been 
willing to yield to the advice of the 
society to take a needed rest. It is 
altogether probable that he belongs 
to that considerable class of mission- 
aries, who are to be honored as mar- 
tyrs to their missionary zeal. But 
his work has been well done. Who- 
ever shall succeed him will find a 
broad foundation laid on which he 
may safely build. His friend and 
co-laborer for years, both abroad and 
at home, Dr. E. A. Adams of Chi- 
cago, has kindly told something of 
the story of his life and labors on 
another page. To all who knew and 
loved him, and to all who honor mis- 
sionary zeal, a pure life and Christian 
nobility of character, that story is 
warmly commended. 

Another Year 

As the end of the current year 
approaches the question many are 
asking is this: what is to be its 
financial record in the history of the 
treasury? The situation has been 
clearly described by the Executive 
Committee and the Home Mission- 
ary appeal has been multiplied in 
many different forms, and has re- 
ceived some generous responses. At 
the moment of this writing there 
are twenty days yet to the end of 
the year. Even in so short a period 
the finances of the Society have 
been more than once completely 
revolutionized by the hurried gifts 
of our friends. Certainly we never 
needed such quick relief more than 
the present year and we are not 
without hope that between this time 
and the first of April many who have 
failed to respond and perhaps have 
failed to appreciate the threatening 
condition of the treasury, will seize 
the opportunity so rapidly vanishing 
for its relief, and hasten forward 
gifts that shall be in some propor- 
tion to the unusual necessity of the 
case. The debt limit is nearly 
reached. Faithful men are waiting 
for money with which to save their 



credit and feed their families. It is 
for the churches to say if they shall 
be left to suffer. Whatever ques- 
tions as to home missionary policy 
divide the public mind there can be 
no question as to the wisdom and 
the justice of the prompt payment 
of the men who are faithfully serv- 
ing the Society in its widespread 

The Annual Meeting 

In all probability the Seventy- 
ninth Annual meeting of the Home 
Missionary Society will be held in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, by invi- 
tation of the First Congregational 
Church of that city, beginning Tues- 
day, May 30th, and closing Thurs- 
day, June 1 st. The complete union 
of all our Home Societies at that 
time, as recommended by the 
National Council, is rendered im- 
possible this year because of certain 
constitutional restrictions, which by 
another year may be removed. It 
is probable however that the Spring- 
field gathering will call together the 
Home Missionary Society for its 
regular anniversary and business 
meeting, and that the Church Build- 
ing Society, Education Society and 
the Sunday School and Publishing 
Society will occupy the same plat- 
form in setting forth their own 
work and needs. All particulars of 
the program and other arrange- 
ments will be made public in due 
time. What -is most important to 
remember now is that all classes of 
members, named in the constitution 
of the Society should make early 
plans to be present at this meeting, 
which promises to be one of the 
most important in its influence upon 
the interests of Home Missions that 
has ever been held. The report of 
the Committee of Five, appointed 
by the National Council, is expected 
at this meeting, and it will deserve 
the most thoughtful consideration 
of the best friends of this great 

In Death Not Long Divided 

We had occasion in a recent issue 
to refer to the death of Mrs. Emily 
Churchill Warren, of SanFrancisco, 
which occurred on the 20th of July 
last. The breaking up of the home 
led Dr. Warren to move from Cali- 
fornia to the State of Washington, 
where he lived with his daughter, at 
Dayton. On February 17th, last, 
Dr. Warren himself passed away, at 
the ripe age of eighty-five years, five 
months and eight days. 

Dr. Warren has been a marked and 
leading figure in California home 
missions since his ordination at 
Broadway Tabernacle, New York, 
in 1850. For twenty-seven years, 
between 1864 and 1891, he held -the 
responsible office of State Superin- 
tendent, to which was added mis- 
sionary oversight of Nevada, Utah 
and Arizona. Dr. Warren was 
widely known and sincerely beloved 
by the churches, both east and west. 
He was a born optimist, and had the 
rare gift of infecting churches and 
pastors with his always cheerful and 
confident spirit. It has long been 
the hope of his brethren that he 
would complete the story of home 
missionary growth in California, for 
which it was well known that he had 
collected valuable material. Whether 
this has been done or not we are not 
informed, but it seems to be de- 
manded that some careful hand 
should now gather and present in 
historical form, whatever material 
Dr. Warren has left behind. There 
is no more thrilling story to be told 
in home missionary annals than that 
of the early days of the Golden State. 


Inadvertently the Connecticut 
Home Missionary Union, on page 
392 of the March number, was 
wronged by being credited with only 
sixty-two auxiliaries, when one hun- 
dred and sixty-two was intended. 
To these, two more recently organ- 
ized should be added. 


Growth in Colorado 

I CAME first to Colorado in 1876, 
just after it was admitted as a 
state. I spent five years with 
the First Church of Colorado Springs 
and eight years with the Third 
Church in Denver. After fifteen 
years of work in Minnesota, Nebras- 
ka and Oregon, I find myself back 
in Denver as pastor of the South 
Broadway Church. My heart is fill- 
ed with gratitude for the progress of 
our work in this state as I see it on 
my return. 

Let me mention some of its 
changes. When I came in 1876, 
there were five Congregational 
churches in the state that were 
alive, besides two or three dead ones 
that have never revived. Altogeth- 
er they had a reported membership 
of about 300. There are now nearly 
100 churches in the state with a 
total membership of over 8,000. 

We had then no churches in the 
mountains except the two or three 
above mentioned that are now ex- 
tinct. To-day there are about forty 
churches. We had then no churches 
out of sight of the mountains. Now 
in eastern Colorado there are fifteen 
or more that form the Eastern 
Association. Then there were no 
churches except the one at Colorado 
Springs south or southwest of Den- 
ver. Now, there are nearly fifty, 
divided into three associations. In 
Colorado Springs there was then a 
small church with no church build- 
ing. Now there are three Congre- 
gational churches in that city with 
buildings, besides those at Colorado 
City and Manitou, which are not far 

There was then one church in 
Denver. I saw the beginning of 
nine more and now there are about 
sixteen. I started one myself in 

1 88 1 on the edge of the city, and did 
it with some fear and trembling. 
Now there are five more beyond it 
on that side of the city. I was per- 
mitted to save one of the churches 
when it was dying at the end of its 
first year. It is now the largest 
church of our order in Colorado and 
in the whole Rocky Mountain region. 

In 1876 there was only one associ- 
tion. Now there are five, besides 
the state association. Then there 
was a weakling college with no 
funds or buildings. Now it is one 
of the great and promising colleges 
of the west, with a faculty of forty- 
two members and some 600 students. 

Of course other denominations 
have grown very much; but consid- 
ering that we were so late beginning 
our work (1863), and were so long 
(until 1878), without a superintend- 
ent, we are not ashamed of the pro- 
gress made. It has been greater 
than we foresaw in those early days. 
Quite a number of churches have 
been lost, for reasons good or bad. 
But there have been great losses in 
mining and farming, in manufactur- 
ing and in railroad building. There 
have been very substantial gain and 
progress in these things, and so have 
there been decided gain and progress 
in our church work. 

And the end is not yet. 

It is now easier to foresee two hun- 
dred churches in 1950, than it was 
in 1876 to foresee one hundred 
churches in 1905. Great growth 
awaits this fair centennial state and 
the work of the Lord within it. I re- 
joiced to have had a hand in that work 
when it was small and I rejoice that 
I am again permitted to take hold 
and help. 

Denver. Colorado. 



Keep New England Christian 

First : Put the emphasis on the 
word "keep." 

Keep other parts of our coun- 
try Christian, of course, if they 
are, but be sure to keep New En- 
gland Christian. Make other parts 
of our country Christian if they are 
not, but be sure to keep New En- 
gland Christian. 

Is New England Christian? Yes, 
by tradition eminently so, in theory 
emphatically so, and in reality so. 
By her fruits she is known. She 
was built on the Christian basis and 
plan. Note her churches, her Christ- 
ian schools, her noble Christian fam- 
ilies, her missionary enterprise and 
intelligent, consecrated, Christian 
men and women. New England, 
because she was Christian, has done 
much for the whole country, yes, for 
the whole world. If a shot once 
fired in a New England town, was 
" heard around the world," the unit- 
ed voice of Christian New England has 
been and is heard around the world. 

Will New England be kept Christ- 
ian? That depends. Population is 
greatly changing. Immigrants from 
all parts of the world are here. They 
will continue to come. Unless they 
are molded according to the princi- 
ples of our religion, they will greatly 
increase the irreligious element of 
New England, already too large. 
There is a religious basis in those 
who come, but it will require an ap- 
plication of our religious agencies to 
make them truly Christian citizens. 
The basis of New England theory, 
life and enterprise, is Christian. It 
will not, therefore, be so very diffi- 
cult to make it and keep it Christ- 
ian. Let her energies be exerted to 
this end. 

Second: We feel like putting the 
emphasis on the word "New En- 
gland." Keep New England Christ- 
ian. Why ? Because of the vant- 
age ground she already has. A 
Christian people laid her foundation. 
We would not associate with Ply- 
mouth Rock anything but Christian 

theories, plans and works. Our 
fathers established the church, the 
Christian school, and laid the found- 
ations of a Christian nation. The 
foundations are laid, indeed the 
superstructure is being built. Let 
it be completed! 

New England is vantage ground 
for Christian work throughout our 
common country and even through- 
out the world. We suppose this is 
recognized in many a place. She 
has done much for the country ; she 
must continue to do much. Many 
depend to a large degree upon New 
England for men and women and 
money, that Christian institutions 
may be established among them. 
There are those who look to New 
England not only for a worthy 
example, but for counsel and advice. 
These are of great value in all mis- 
sionary work. New England has 
been regarded as greatly interested 
in missions. The prayers of many, 
the contributions of her churches 
and the gift of her sons and daugh- 
ters to missionary work have been a 
potent agency in securing blessed 
results. The same agency is needed 
now. Therefore keep New England 

Third : We feel like emphasizing 
the word "Christian." The chief 
distinction of New England has been 
that she was Christian. It will be 
her chief distinction in the future. 
The Christian home, the Christian 
church, the Christian school and a 
Christian society will be absolutely 
essential to have New England 
Christian and to keep her the power 
for good in our country and the 
world, that evidently in the provi- 
dence of God was intended. Not 
even wealth, nor educational advan- 
tages, desirable as they are, will help 
New England to fulfill her highest 
mission. We feel therefore like 
putting the emphasis on every word 
in our theme. Keep New England 

York, Maine. 



Go West, Young Man ! Why ? 

First : vSo many of his kith and 
kin have gone thither before him 
for purposes purely personal and 
secular, and with all their might are 
serving the world, the flesh, and the 
devil. It is a just cause of scandal, 
and seriously hinders the progress 
of the gospel, if the preacher only is 
tame and torpid, and his per- 
formances, instead of being stimu- 
lating and electric, are humdrum 
and soporific. It requires the con- 
straint of some mighty and deep- 
seated force, it proves the presence 
of youthful enthusiasm and venture- 
someness when one is ready to cut 
loose, to launch forth, traverse vast 
spaces, enter realms unknown, and 
risk all on an untried experiment. 
The timid and ease-loving refuse to 
take the risk and endure the strain. 
For them it is bliss to repose in the 
ancestral nest. As is both natural 
and fitting, the old play the part of 
home guards, stay by the stuff, 
enjoy the inheritance gathered by 
former generations. At the East 
the mold of society and religion has 
been cast. All the machinery of the 
kingdom is comfortably housed and 
in fair running condition. The 
groove is well worn and the wheels 
run smoothly on as aforetime. Risk 
and turmoil, the fierce onset, and the 
prolonged struggle are not for the 
aged, and so, when by ten thousand 
the resolute, the valiant, and fiery- 
souled are crowded westward to the 
forest and prairies and mines, it is 
both wasteful and wicked to send 
after them as pastors and teachers 
men who are but mediocre and unen- 
terprising. The gospel must be pre- 
sented with something of the same 
originality and boldness and snap as 
characterized the conduct of all suc- 
cessful business undertakings. Or, 
as the picturesque frontier phrase is, 
the minister, too, must be a "rust- 
ler." He will not want for friends 
if in intellect and affection he be 
found wide awake and briskly astir, 
whereas if slothful and easy-going 

he will win neither salary nor souls. 
In the West the Bible saying is full 
of meaning and pertinence: "The 
kingdom of heaven suffereth vio- 
lence and the violent take it by 

Second: Such is the rapid growth 
everywhere in progress in the West, 
and such the astonishing develop- 
ment, that the characteristic quali- 
ties of the young man are not only 
demanded, but they are also de- 
veloped. He easily rises and unfolds 
his spiritual faculties as his surround- 
ings improve. Universal progress 
is the order of the day. All business 
is to be built up, all fortunes are to 
be made. Whatsoever things are 
good in realms civil, social, and 
religious, must be founded and 
fashioned upon the very corner stone. 
Society is seething with new ideas. 
Projects most novel and of every 
sort are abundant. New problems 
are continually thrust forward for 
solution, and men are compelled to 
strike out new paths. Precedents 
for the most part are misleading, 
hence one's environments are in- 
spiring and crowding on to great 
undertakings. By them he is pro- 
voked to intense activity, whereas 
at the East, where so much is long 
established and immobile, and 
changes are few and slowly brought 
about, there is fearful strain from 
the temptation to ask, " What need 
of haste and fiery energy and restless 
endeavor? Why should the puny 
wave dash itself against the unyield- 
ing cliff?" and of saying, "Let us 
take it easy! things are well enough, 
or at least we cannot mend them ; let 
us have a comfortable time." Not 
only are valiant hearts and vigorous 
brains, a great host, attracted toward 
the frontier, they are born and bred 
there in far greater numbers. 
Though east of the Mississippi this 
statement may provoke a smile and 
be scouted as absurd, it is yet 
susceptible of demonstration that if 
the ministers of twenty of the older 
states be compared, man for man, 
with those of twenty of the newer 



states and territories, the latter 
will far excel their brethren in down- 
right Christian boldness, indepen- 
dence, and in originality of thought 
and action, in grasp and grip and 
masculine vigor. 

Third: Success is potent and 
tangible, the reward of wise and 
earnest well-doing. He has the 
stimulus which comes from know- 
ing that his toil is not in vain, for he 
beholds the harvest. Primitive days 
speedily pass. Homespun is soon 
exchanged for finer fabrics. The 
rude cabin soon gives place to the 
neat cottage. Out of chaos, social 
and moral, order and beauty are 
steadily evolved, even before the 
eyes of him who planned and tugged 
and prayed that such an outcome 
might appear. The little one has_ 
become a thousand. He planted a 
seed with fears and tears and now 
after how brief a period behold a 
fair and giant tree loaded with 
celestial fruits. He has led in an 
arduous campaign, but has won a 
shining victory. He has been a 
potent factor in founding and build- 
ing the social and religious fabric of 
a thriving town, a great city, a 
mighty Commonwealth. Where in 
the East is toil for the kingdom so 
remunerative, where is living so 
sublime ? 

'> kkun. Ohio. 

£ . Jo ? tf->**. e%>* e ^—' 

Christ and our Country 

We are citizens of the only nation 
ever founded in the purpose to make 
Christ its king. Mastering this 
thought we may understand the 
deeper meanings of great national 
events, discover the secret of our 
strength and continuance, and also 
foresee what is the true line of our 
future growth. Wendell Phillips, in 
his great Phi Beta Kappa oration at 
Cambridge, quotes De Tocqueville as 
saying that "the wildest theories of 
the human reason were reduced to 
practice by a community so humble 

that no statesmen condescended to 
notice it, and a legislation without 
precedent was produced offhand by 
the instincts of the people." The 
great French writer saw the destiny 
of America wrapped up in the first 
Puritan who landed on these shores. 
But the democratic instincts of the 
Puritan kept company with theo- 
cratic convictions and purposes. A 
profound loyalty to God was the 
root of his life and the origin of all 
that, is best in our national develop- 
ment. It was the faith of the fathers 
bequeathed to us, the eighth genera- 
tion of their children, that a divine 
providence lay back of our beginning. 

No man's home missionary en- 
thusiasm will ever rise to a white 
heat until he has grasped this 
fundamental idea of our national 
existence, that America has been set 
apart for Christ, having indeed been 
born of that Word, of which Christ 
is the central and supreme light. 
New England was the Palestine of 
this national idea, and wherever the 
people have gone this Puritan idea 
has followed them. About it the 
nation is to be unitized. By it, the 
nation is to be saved. As Mulford 
has said, "it can meet the forces 
with which it has to contend, only 
as it realizes its own moral being and 
recognizes its origin and end in God. " 

Hence, the home missionary is the 
key to the problem of the American 
future. That future which centers 
more and more in the great valley of 
the Mississippi, which has been called 
the most magnificent habitation that 
the Almighty ever prepared for the 
abode of man. The home missionary 
has been the poor wise man who 
saved the city. Leave him out of 
the past sixty years of our history 
and we might to-day see a divided 

From the late 

Oberlix, Ohio. 



By I .. A. Adams, D. D. 
( 'hicago, III. 

ON Wednesday, the 15th day of 
February, 1905, Rev. H. A. 
Schauffler, D. D., Superin- 
tendent of the Slavic work of the 
Congregational Home Missionary 
Society, heard the "Well done, good 
and faithful servant " which wel- 
comed him into the presence of the 

The news of his death has carried 
sorrow to personal friends in great 
numbers on both sides the Atlantic, 
but perhaps the deepest sorrow has 
filled the hearts of a multitude in all 
the walks of life who looked to him 
as their spiritual father, who loved 
him as their self-sacrificing friend 
and who fear now that the work he 
so much loved, and which has done 
so much for them, may suffer by his 

Henry Albert Schauffler was born 
in Constantinople Sept. 4, 1837. 
The mention of his father, Rev. Wil- 
liam G. Schauffler, D.D., the vet- 
eran missionary and Bible translator, 
and of his mother, who inaugurated 
female education in Turkey and who 
never lost her deep interest in that 
work, indicates with sufficient clear- 
ness the environment of his child- 
hood and youth. 

Graduating from Williams College 
in 1859, he entered Andover Semi- 
nary which he left at the end of his 
second year and after studying law 
at Harvard University became pro- 
fessor in Robert College already 
founded in Constantinople. 

In November, 1862, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Clara E. Gray of 
Springfield, Mass., whose life and 
missionary career were published by 
The American tract Society in its 
series of "American Heroes on Mis- 
sion Fields," and whose devotion to 
mission work and patient endurance 
of trials in connection with it, fully 

entitled her to a place in that glori- 
ous company. 

Dr. Schauffler was connected with 
Robert College two years and was 
then appointed missionary of the 
American Board to the Turkish pop- 
ulation. His own ill-health and that 
of two of his children compelled his 
return to America in 1870, where as 
soon as he was able, he did faithful 
work as representative of missionary 
interests in colleges and seminaries. 

When it was decided by the 
American Board to undertake the 
work of evangelization among 
Roman Catholic peoples, Dr. 
Schauffler was chosen to inaugu- 
rate the work in that empire. He 
went to Austria with his family in 
the spring of 1872 and, after a care- 
ful study of conditions, decided upon 
Prague as the starting point. Here 
in the autumn he was joined by 
Messrs. Clark and Adams with their 

When in the spring of 1881 Dr. 
Schauffler, on account of the contin- 
ued ill-health of his wife, caused in 
great measure by the hardships and 
persecutions she had suffered in 
Briinn, came to America, it was 
his full intention to return to Aus- 
tria as soon as possible. But God 
had other plans for him. As he had 
been the pioneer in the work in 
Austria, so he was to be the pioneer 
in a work at home, in some respects, 
even more important. Previous to 
his return, letters had come to the 
Bohemian Mission in Prague from a 
few persons, Americans as well as 
Bohemians, who realized that there 
were in this country 250,000 Bohe- 
mians practically destitute of reli- 
gious leadership and wholly out of 
touch with American religious life. 
These letters had been written in 
the hope that through the Austrian 


Mission something might be done 
for these neglected ones. 

Dr. Schauffler's presence in this 
country was the providential reply- 
to these requests, and Rev. Charles 
Terry Collins of Cleveland, who had 
become deeply interested in the 
Bohemians of his own city was the 
one to appreciate and avail himself 
of this answer. At his invitation, 
Dr. Schauffler visited Cleveland to 
study the situation. He found there 
a large population as destitute of 
the gospel as if they lived in the 
wilds of Africa. 

The state of Mrs. Schauffler's 
health gave no hope of their speedy 
return to Austria, and Dr. Schauffler 
accepted the call to undertake Bohe- 
mian work in the city of Cleveland. 
This work was at first supported by 
individuals of different denomina- 
tions but was adopted in the fall of 
1883 by the Congregational churches 
of that city, the American Home 
Missionary Society pledging finan- 
cial help. 

It was in September of this year 
that Mrs. Schauffler, after intense 
suffering, her Christian faith and 
joy growing brighter even to the 
end, entered into the joy of her 

By appointment of the Congrega- 
tional churches of Cleveland Dr. 
Schauffler became their City Mis- 
sionary and by appointment of the 
Congregational Home Missionary 
Society he became superintendent 
of their work among all the Slavic 
peoples of the United States, the 
first recognition by any national 
society that American Christians 
had any obligations to these neg- 
lected peoples. Thus for over twenty 
years Dr. Shauffler's name has been 
synonymous with Slavic mission 
work, he has been acknowledged as 
authority on all that pertained to 
that work and his opinion has been 
sought by all who had become inter- 
ested in this large and promising 
portion of our polyglot people. 

After the untimely death of Rev. 
Mr. Collins he had the double duty 

of keeping up and increasing the 
interest in the Bohemians which Mr. 
Collins had aroused among the 
churches as well as doing the mis- 
sionary work which that interest 
made possible. His success in this 
double task is shown to-day by the 
three Bohemian churches and one 
Polish church in that city, by one 
English church composed chiefly of 
young Bohemians and by a training 
school for women workers without 
regard to nationality, the fine build- 
ing for which and its running ex- 
penses were secured by his untiring 

In the inauguration of this work 
he was supported and greatly helped 
by Miss Clara Hobart, who learned 
the Bohemian language and threw 
herself heart and soul into the work, 
particularly that of the training 
school and thus endeared herself to 
the large number of Bohemian young 
women who received their training 
in that school. Soon afterwards 
Miss Hobart became Dr. Schauffler's 
wife and was his faithful helpmeet 
during the last years of his life. 

The Bohemian work in Chicago 
owes its origin to Dr. Schauffler's 
deep interest in that people and to 
his ability to impart that interest to 
others. It was at a gathering of 
leading Congregationalists at the 
home of Hon. E. W. Blatchford that 
Dr. Schauffler made the plea for the 
50,000 Bohemians of Chicago, which 
resulted in the determination of Dea- 
con C. F. Gates and Prof. Samuel 
Ives Curtiss and a few others to do 
something for that people. This de- 
termination culminated in the large 
Bohemian church building and in 
all the work of which it has been the 
center, a work for which Deacon 
Gates sacrificed his life, and of this 
work Dr. Schauffler, though having 
no direct connection with it, has con- 
stantly been a loyal friend and 

The training school for Slavic 
evangelists and preachers in connec- 
tion with Oberlin Theological Sem- 
inary is due solely to Dr. Schauffler's 


vision of the needs of the work and 
to his persistent efforts to supply 
that need, and the men, both young 
and in middle life, who have gone out 
from that school and are at work to- 
day in various fields of the West and 
Northwest with the results which 
under God they have achieved are 
a living witness to his devotion to 
highest ideals and to his ability to 
change ideals into realities. 

At his funeral which, by his own 
request, was of the simplest charac- 
ter, the church was literally crowded 
by Bohemians of all classes and 
Americans, who had come to honor 
one who was beloved as a sincere 
friend, a self-sacrificing benefactor 
and a man of God gone to his re- 

When now we undertake to sum 
up the qualities which made Dr. 
Schauffler the man he was, his un- 
swerving devotion to his convictions 
of duty must take the first place. 
Whatever approved itself to his in- 
tellect as duty, was always the thing 
for him to do at whatever cost. No 
argument was strong enough to lead 
him to any other course — compro- 
mise, when duty was at stake, was 
wholly omitted from his vocabulary. 
Whether he was organizing a church 
in Bohemia, or deciding as to who 
should be admitted to the Lord's 
table, or whether it was a question 
of employing in missionary work 
one of whose worthiness he was in 
doubt, he only asked, " what ought 
one to do? " and with the answer to 
this his course was decided. Even 
though the work of years seemed to 
be jeopardized and friendships of 
long standing endangered, only one 
course was open to him. None but 
those intimately associated with him 
knew of the perplexities and difficul- 
ties of his work as superintendent, 

nor how hard it was for him to say 
"No." But when this was the word 
of duty, his word could be nothing 

And he could do this because he 
was sure that the infinite resources 
of God were pledged to support the 
right and give it the victory. That 
Dr. Schauffler was a man of prayer 
none who knew him had any doubt. 
The thing which he most frequently 
asked his friends was to pray for 
him and his work. "I know you 
will help me pray," was a frequent 
remark in his letters after stating 
some perplexing case. 

And it was because of these two 
characteristics, his absolute devotion 
to duty and his absolute faith in God, 
that he was always the advocate of 
highest ideals. When Dr. Mills, at 
his funeral, spoke of this as charac- 
terizing his consultations with his 
brethren, we realized that he had 
struck the key-note of his character. 

That Dr. Schauffler was persist- 
ent, that he brought things to pass, 
that his only failures were where 
success was an impossibility, the 
results that he achieved and the ob- 
stacles he overcame are sufficient 

Of Dr. Schauffler as a friend and 
companion one would love to write 
much. No sacrifice was too great 
if a friend was to be helped. Master 
of at least five languages and able to 
make himself understood in several 
more, inheriting a love of music that 
might easily have become a passion, 
quick at repartee, seeing always the 
bright side, he was the life of any 
social circle of which he formed a 
part. But he was always and every- 
where, with all his talents, with all 
his wit, a man of God, subordinating 
everything to the service of Him 
whom now face to face he sees. 




WE are gratified by the cordial 
response of many young 
people's workers to the ap- 
peal made in the January number of 
The Home Missionary for contribu- 
tions to the Home Missionary Soci- 
ety. The substance of the appeal 
was reprinted in "The Vermont 
Missionary." These assurances of 
hearty co-operation are a source of 
great cheer. 

Through a large shrinkage in 
receipts from legacies the Society 
needs your personal financial aid. 
It needs, also, the financial aid of 
■every member of your young people's 

Will you not help ? Will you not 
lead others to help ? The combined 
generous aid of all friends of Con- 
gregational home missions will 
swiftly remedy a perilous situation. 


Classes for the study of home 
missions have multiplied rapidly 
during the past few months. 

The Congregational Home Mis- 
sionary Society has already sold 
over fifteen hundred copies of the 
text-book, "Heroes of the Cross in 
America," and new orders are being 
received daily. 

It is not too early to plan for a 
home mission study class for next 
fall and winter. Select a cpurse of 
study. Choose a leader. Let the 
leader begin now his preparatory 

work. Let him pursue a course of 
reading on the topics suggested by 
the text-book. Thus he will qualify 
himself for skilled leadership. 

Plan at once for a home mission 
study class for next fall! 



Did you use the fine Home Mis- 
sion programme entitled "Heroes 
of Home Missions ? " That many 
young people's societies did so is 
shown by the fact that the first edi- 
tion of ten thousand copies was 
quickly exhausted. Earnest com- 
mendations of the programme have 
been received. A large second edi- 
tion is now ready. The programme 
was prepared by Rev. E. F. Sander- 
son, Providence, Rhode Island, and 
is designed for use in young people's 
societies, woman's home mission 
meetings and special home mission 


The address given by Rev. Dr. 
Charles E. Jefferson, under the aus- 
pices of the Young People's Depart- 
ment of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society, at the annual 
meeting held in connection with the 
meeting of the National Council, at 
Des Moines, is in press and will soon 
be issued in attractive pamphlet 
form. It is entitled, "The Twenti- 
eth Century Crusade." We believe 
it to be one of the most interesting 
and valuable publications of the 


2 3 

By S. Earl Taylor 

Field Secretary for Young People's Work, Methodist Missionary Society 

THERE is a tendency on the part of every individual to become 
localized or to specialize upon some particular subject. Even 
those who are interested in the great subject of Christian 
missions sometimes become so much absorbed in the consideration of 
some particular phase of the subject that it occupies their entire 
mental horizon. Thus one person will become interested in city 
missions or some aspect of home missions to the exclusion of all other 
forms of missionary work, and others will become interested in "the 
heathen " or some foreign country, or in foreign missions in general 
and will be apparently indifferent to urgent needs at their own door. 
It is, therefore, an encouraging sign of the times that the young 
people of to-day are becoming broader in their sympathies and that 
they are seeking the world vision which Jesus Christ had. Surely the 
disciple who is endeavoring to extend the Kingdom of God in foreign 
lands ought to be one of the most aggressive workers in every phase 
of the home problem, and in particular in promoting direct effort for 
the purpose of winning men and women to Jesus Christ. 

The emphasis which is now being placed upon the importance of 
spiritual awakenings in every community is evidently of God, since 
many of the denominations in this country and Great Britain are able 
to report sweeping revivals. These evangelistic movements are but 
a foretaste of the possibilities if our young people become fully awake 
to their opportunity for evangelistic effort. The verse of Scripture 
which is uppermost in my thought at this moment is: "Bringing 
every thought into captivity unto the obedience of Christ." If in 
very truth every thought be of such a character that it will be pleas- 
ing unto Him, we shall not only be evangelists at home, but we will 
in a true sense be missionaries abroad. 

<J <£^^jC 


By Charles Herbert Morgan, Ph.D. 

Who are these with hearts of flame, 

Heralds of the living word, 

Who for Christ, the settlers claim. 

Tell the Indians of their Lord, 

Rear the church, with prayers and tears 

They are the Christian pioneers. 

Brainerd in his glowing youth 
Bears to eastern heathen tribes 
Messages of grace and truth, 
And the change no tongue describes 
Banishes their sin and gloom, 
Makes the Christian virtues bloom. 

Peck with school and home ideals 
Quickens all the central west; 
Whitman's sacrifice reveals 
Boundless love that would not rest; 
Dyer's zeal the miner moves; 
Ward Dakota's builder proves. 

Heroes of the cross they stand, 
Still their lives true witness bear. 
Present needs of native land. 
Peoples given to our care, 
God and all things seem to say, 
Forward ! all your ranks, to-day. 




Selections from 

Helps for Leaders" of Classes Studying "Heroes 
of the Cross in America" 

% U"V/"' t/ / , $5& J »'>" INDIAN RESERVATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1905 ^ 




a-t/a/aA "UNSEE 


— ■ \w/s 



l haL4 3 t 5 a 

./ /A/- 

^ Tl 


J" It 




K si A/ 


B RESERVATIONS^ 3 ^ P/ ^ ft | 

1 Ind.Ter. andOkla 6roup - ^ ea 110 1 ._ | 

(Chiefly "rne in name as the Tribes) .x.i \ 

2 Blackfeet 13 Gila. River \ 

3 Cheyenne River 14 Grande Ronde \ 

4 Coeurd'Aiene 15 HO pi \ 

5 Colorado River 16 Jicari lla 24 Northern- .*■"> 
6Colville 17 Jocko Cheyenne— ^ 

I Cow 18 Klamath 25 Omaha 

8 Fort Apache 19 Lemhi 26 Pme Ridge 

9 •■ Belknap 20 Lower Brule 27 Potawatomi 

10 « Berthold 21 Menominee 28 Pyram id L \ ke 
M - Hall 22 MescaleroApache29 Q uin aielt 

12 •• Peck 23 Navaho 30 Red Lake 

ii Rosebud 

\S CfiR f □ Denotes the 
Chief Indian Schools 
in the Older States 

#• Denotes the 
Locations of Con- 
siderable Indian 

Popul ation in the 
Older States 


36 Umati lla 

37 Ute 

38 walapa 

39 WalkeV River 

40 Warm Spun 

. StandinqRock 41 White Earth 
34 Turtle Mountain 42 Wind River 

35 umta Vane 

43 Yakima 

WE print herewith the maps 
and charts which appear 
in the "Helps for Leaders" 
to be used in connection with the 
new home mission text-book, " He- 


roes of the Cross in America." It is 
evident that a large number of our 
Congregational churches and young 
people's societies will give home mis- 
sion study a leading place in their 
plan for the spring 
months; or, in any 
event, for the early 
months of the com- 
ing fall. The 
Young People's De- 
partment of the 
Home Missionary 
Society will gladly 
furnish full infor- 
mation respecting 
home mission text- 
books, helps and li- 

In connecti o n 


In the United States proper 
C Doubtless the fiTst es- 
timates were much, too low.) 

1759, Estimate of GeoTge 
Croghan, 19,500 

1790, Estimate of Gilbert 
Inbay, 60,000 

l825|RepoTt of Secre- 
tary of War, 129,3 66 

1850, Report of United 
States Census ,400,T64 

1900, Report of United 
States Census, 237,196 



with the first session of the class it 
is suggested that there be a map and 
chart drill of eight minutes, and 
members of the class will be re- 
quested to draw from memory, a 
map of eastern New York, eastern 


A is ^^ • '$% 

O l /°>tUlJ*i' N DAKOTA! 

▼wi _ <^> 1 

map Sr^t^ 

Showing + 





1803, Purchase Price Paid 
to France, I 5,000,000 Dollats 

Present Population, 
15,000,000 People 

Present School Popu- 
lation, 4,518,944 

Present Sunday School 
Enrollment 2,337,314 

7?03,Total Taxable 
Wealth, $6,616,642, 829 

(441 lines I ike the above) 


V^ jr^-DENVER 

CO- ,4 V 

^ v PARK CO. 

Leadvilleo oFairPUy 
Main Field of Uyer'sCabor 


„ . PiKe'sPeaK., Colorado 
CrippleCreek Q ->£ G s p r ing 5 

O L O R A D O 




O Pueblo 

1 : 

U.S. Chief Mineral Centers, 1903: Coal, Penn,lll,WVa., 
Ohio; hon, Minn., Mich., Ala., Gold and Silver, Colo., 
Cal.Monb., Utah, Alaska., 5. Dak; Cop per, Mont, Mich. 
Ariz; Petroleum, Cal, Tex., Ohio, W.Va; Lead , Ida, Colo 


Including Quarrymen 


D A K O T A 


) ffedf/e/c/Co/Zeje. O Redf ie I d 

j (/.£/! D//VG £>£/VOA//A/slT/OA/sr/. f SC//00/Z.Sj • 

• _Spearfish rfuro/iCo//eqeoWu.vQv! ri 9$ ^ \© Sioux Falls. e O ,\ 

DaKOta. O Mitchel 
Uni rersity -Yankton 

2P- r -^t^uX^5)' 

YanAto/7Co//eje *" 


. Ripi d City 

©University of South Dakota 
© Agricultural College 
©School of Mines 
© Normal Schools 
© Indian Industrial Schools 



At Present 

Ward's Field 
of Labor 

Philadelphia, and the part of New 
Jersey lying east of Philadelphia, 
and to locate the mission stations 
that were the scene of Brainerd's 

Each of the chapters in " Heroes 
of the Cross" is re- 
lated to the pres- 
ent day home mis- 
sion work of the 
churches. For ex- 
ample, one of the 
topics suggested 
for the considera- 
tion and discus- 
sion of the class is 
our own denomi- 
national work 
among the In- 
dians. Members 
of the various de- 
nominations using 
the text-book will 
secure through 
their denomina- 
tional Home Mis- 
sion Board the 
publications of 
their Board on 
work among the 
Indians, which 
will, therefore, en- 
able them to relate 
the work done by 
Brainerd with the 
present home mis- 
sion activities. 
The valuable map 
which appears on 
the preceding page 
showing the loca- 
tion of the princi- 
pal tribes and 
groups of Indians 
and the larger In- 
dian reservations 
in 1905, has been 
prepared by C. H. 
Morgan, Ph.D. 
This map is an 
original produc- 
tion and will be 
found valuable by 
all students of 
home missions. 




Co I o 

28,3 I €> 

Pe n n. 
I 8 0,474- 

TotaJ for Entire Country 


Low percent of Illiteracy i n 
HomeMission States 

Entire Country 





t/t>£ MJ/vy-ro/cf/? Cy?t£ OS 7 //OA/S A//SS/0/VS ro/p/iy 

^ \4. -/ & (CHART V) 



A STRIKING illustration of the far- 
reaching effects of the work of the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society- 
is shown by the influence of one of 
our home missionary churches in North 
Dakota. This church was established seven- 
teen years ago. One young man who 
heard the first sermon preached by the 
Congregational home missionary in the 
little town, and who had his training in the 
Congregational church that was subse- 
quently founded, went out last year to 
India as a missionary under the American 
Board. His brother, also trained in the 
North Dakota church, is a Congregational 
pastor in the West. Still another young 
man from the young people's society of the 
church went out to India as a foreign mis- 
sionary a few years ago. Three young 
women, trained in the church, are in col- 
lege preparing to give their lives to Christ- 
ian teaching. Thus, from this one small 
home mission church, have gone out two 
foreign missionaries, one pastor and three 
Christian teachers. 

The home mission church in a Colorado 
town, sustained by the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society for several years, 
a short time ago reached self-support. Soon 
thereafter it became responsible for the 
entire salary of one of the missionaries of 
the American Board. The Congregational 
church in a small city in New York, was 
also helped in the beginning of its work by 
the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society. It, too, has reached self-support 
and now entirely sustains one of the mis- 
sionaries of the American Board. 

Among the new publications of the Con- 
gregational Home Missionary Society, 
which the young people of the churches 
will find useful in home missionary meet- 
ings and in home mission classes, are the 

following: "The Cuba of To-day," by 
George L. Todd, D. D. ; "One Hundred 
Years of Home Missions," by Newell 
D wight Hillis, D. D. ; "Why Study Home 
Missions," by Don. O. Shelton; "Far 
Reaching Effects of Home Missions," by 
the Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen. 
We have received a delightful personal 
note from the Rev. Carl Stackman, Travel- 
ing Secretary of the Christian Endeavor 
Union of South Africa. Mr. Stackman was 
formerly pastor at West Cornwall, Conn., 
and in company with his wife has recently 
taken up his important work in Africa. 
These interesting sentences are taken from 
his letter: "Christian Endeavor work is 
in its infancy in many ways here but seems 
to be alive and growing. Of course the 
Dutch church is the strong church of the 
country and since their synod has passed a 
resolution to have a Christian Endeavor 
Society in every church, its growth there 
has been very rapid. ... I have found 
plenty of work in the way of speaking — 
nineteen times the first week was my 
record. . . . The whole country is suffer- 
ing an awful business depression at present, 
the natural effect of the war, of course." 

There has been great interest in our 
home mission study class. We are to have 
one more meeting. Last evening the 
regular Christian Endeavor topic was 
"Heroes of Home Missions" as you know. 
Mrs. Jones, the leader of our home mission 
study class, led the meeting. She told of 
the work of some missionary she had 
known in Kentucky and Kansas. It was 
very interesting. Some of the class gave 
brief talks on the lives of men we have 
studied. We have a quartette in our 
Endeavor Society and we had special music. 
Lena M. Bartlett 
Grand Rapids, Michigan 


How to Have an Audience 

REV. A. R. Larson of Columbia, 
South Dakota, unconsciously, 
perhaps, reveals the secret of 
a continued good audience, when he 

Our audiences have been specially good. 
We make a point to be on hand every Sun- 
day no matter what the roads are or the 
weather. It is no easy matter to make the 
twenty-eight mile drive and preach three 
sermons on Sunday when the glass is 
registering twenty degrees below zero; but 
nerve tells here in Dakota as well as brains 
and the man who lacks either had better 
stay in some more comfortable place. Dur- 
ing the winter months we are holding 
prayer meetings from house to house with 
splendid results. 

Cheering Testimony 

Rev. Samuel Deakin of Cowles, 
Nebraska, is well known among 
several of our eastern churches and 
possesses their confidence to a large 
degree. We are pleased to read 
from him, after returning from a 
recent meeting of the State Asso- 
ciation at Lincoln : 

It was a grand inspiration to listen to the 
marvelous talks of Professor King of Ober- 
lin, the able papers and addresses of our 
local brethren; certainly the soul stirring 
sermon of Secretary R. A. Beard, was in 
itself worth the trip to Lincoln. It was in 
some respects the finest address given and 
I could not but feel that with such able 
representatives the Home Missionary Soci- 
ety is keeping well to the front inourasso- 
ciational gatherings. 

Taking It In From the Outside 

In a previous report of Rev. Otto 
Anderson of Pasadena, California, 
the case of the old man who through 
some offence had given up atten- 
dance at church services for many 
years, but who had recently buried 
the hatchet and promised his minis- 
ter to attend, did so in his own way. 
After his death which occurred 

recently, the truth came out. Says 
his pastor : 

I wondered that the old man did not 
come, but the sufficient reason was his ill 
health. After his death and before the 
funeral, I learned from his wife for the first 
time that he had not forgotten his promise. 
For three months prior to his death he had 
frequently attended church, not entering 
the building, for he was not able, but driv- 
ing up outside, and listening to the sermon, 
while sitting in his buggy. His wife had 
been anxious for many Sundays because of 
his absence for several hours and it was 
only a week before his death that he told 
her how he had been to church and it was a 
genuine surprise not only to her but to us 


The following is but a sample of 
many letters of good cheer received 
at the missionary rooms at this time. 
Says Rev. S. M. Humby of St. 
Louis, Missouri : 

All the activities of the church life and 
work are receiving an uplift. We are in the 
midst of a season of great blessing, the 
spirit of revival with which the Lord has 
been pleased to visit the church at large has 
reached us. Two months ago the spirit of 
expectation seemed to sweep over the pray- 
ing members of the church and God began 
to give us signs of signal blessing. It was 
seen first in the Sunday school. We are in 
the midst now of special efforts. The meet- 
ings began well and are increasing in in- 
terest and power. Souls are being con- 
tinually led to Christ and we are expecting 
still greater things. 

Dispelling the Lethargy 

The following from Rev. H. A. 
Lyman of Douglas, Wyoming, is one 
of many letters showing the elevat- 
ing effect of the Des Moines meet- 
ing in the home missionary field. 
Says Mr. Lyman : 

I decided last Sunday that the lethargy 
from which this church was suffering might 
be thrown off, and interest in spiritual 
things quickened by a series of good 
evangelistic meetings sometime during the 
winter. With this idea in mind, I went to 



Des Moines, where I was fully convinced 
that this was what our church needed. The 
inspiration of that meeting was abiding and 
I came home fully determined to have 
special meetings. 

I found that the Methodist minister dur- 
ing my absence had engaged the services of 
an evangelist. He invited us to join with 
him in a union effort. After prayerful 
consideration, our people decided to accept 
the invitation. We went into the meet- 
ings and worked as faithfully as we could, 
holding cottage prayer meetings in the 
morning, Bible study and children's meet- 
ings in the afternoon, with the larger 
gatherings each evening. The effort was 
continued eighteen days. The two churches 
had never worked together so harmoniously. 
All went well without the least friction. 
The relations between the churches were 
most cordial and evangelical. Christianity 
was never so highly respected in Douglas as 

One morning we held a cottage prayer 
meeting at the house of an elderly couple 
neither of whom was a professed Christian. 
The wife had attended the meeting the 
evening before and had given me permis- 
sion to hold the morning service at her 
home. That morning there were a dozen 
or more people present. The hostess 
asked prayers for herself, her husband and 
her two sons. This opened the way for an 
immediate confession of Christ on her part 
and a few moments later her husband ex- 
pressed his desire to become a Christian. 
Then we all knelt in prayer. It was most 
touching to hear this grandmother sixty- 
six years old pouring out her petition, 
"Lord teach me how to pray." Both she 
and her husband were genuinely converted. 
Both were among the company of twenty- 
two persons who united with our church a 
little later. The wife received baptism at 
my hands, the husband having been 
baptized in infancy in England, seventy- 
two years ago. 

The Latest from the Arctic 

Rev. William Burnett of Valdez, 
Alaska sends the following from this 
always interesting field: 

Since I finished the cabin for myself, I 
have been able to reach a number of young 
men in a helpful way as I hope. I have a 
room now fixed up to which I invite them 
to come to write their home letters and 
read good books. Quite a number of books 
have reached me which I can put to this 
use; some of them, good solid books which 
they cannot find in the library. I have 
also formed a little class for reading and 
during the winter months I have read with 
them Van Dyke's "Gospel for an Age of 

Doubt," Denny's "Atonement and the 
Modern Mind," Brigg's "Ethical Teaching 
of Jesus," and Hopkins' "Law of Love and 
Love as a Law." Using these as text books 
we have had some quite interesting and 
intelligent discussions. I should like to 
start a good many other classes, but the 
weather is so uncertain it is hard to hold 
regular meetings, half the time the con- 
ditions are too bad for any meeting at all. 
But in all these ways we are trying to get 
these men to think and to live worthy of 
themselves and their destiny. 

A Voice of Experience 

Rev. P. S. Knight of Salem, Ore- 
gon, has been identified so long with 
the Home Missionary Society and 
its service that his words have more 
than common weight and we are 
glad to record them here for the 
benefit of his brethren: 

It is the same old story, lights and 
shadows and I suppose it always will be so. 
Dr. George H. Atkinson, our first home 
missionary superintendent in Oregon, once 
said to me in describing the shifting nature 
of the population, that his work was like 
standing on a street corner and preaching 
to a crowd that was rushing by. But 
Atkinson held on and the field he then de- 
scribed is now one of the most prosperous 
and most firmly established in the North- 

Many new residences are going up in this 
region and we are sure that this fluctuating 
condition will sometime give place to 
permanence. On one point we can speak 
with certainty: a large majority of our 
Sunday school children would be simply 
homeless in this respect if our work should 
cease. We think this a good excuse for 
holding on. More than this, the old First 
Church, located in the city a little over a 
mile from us has erected a new building the 
past summer and they have voted to give 
our people free of any charge, their neat 
and well preserved chapel building, 
provided we move it to our lot and use it 
permanently as a Congregational Church. 
It seems like a special providence that this 
chance should come to us. It has already 
stirred up the indifferent to new interest. 
Quite a number of influential people, not 
church members, have offered to help in 
the undertaking and we are hopeful that 
the proposed new improvements will put us 
on the highway to self-support. 

Early in the year just closed your mis- 
sionary learned that the Willard Church, 
in a prospering farming region twelve 
miles away, was without preaching. After 
consulting all parties he decided to give 
them part: of his time. During the spring, 
summer and autumn, this church has re- 
ceived two services each month, with hope- 



ful results. During the missionary's 
necessary absence from both his fields, the 
Sunday schools and Endeavor Societies are 
being taught to conduct a service, the 
Sunday school to occupy the morning hour 
and the Endeavor Society to hold a service 
of song and testimony in the evening. The 
plan is working well and I have come to 

believe that one of the important duties of 
the preacher in fields like this is to teach 
the people how to get on and do regular 
church work without the constant presence 
of the preacher. It is nowhere hinted in 
the New Testament, I believe, that the 
only way for a church to make progress is 
by hanging to the Apostle's coat tails. 


By Miss Mary Zoltak 
Braddock, Pennsylvania 



O single 
mas fes- 
tival has ever 
passed on my 
field without 
moving some 
soul to seek 
Christ. It was 
so last Christ- 
mas. The days 
were most hap- 
py for me, and 
not only for me but for all the child- 
ren and adults. The parents, espec- 
ially, had great joy over their child- 
ren. Some told me that they were 
moved to tears by the prayers with 
which the children commenced the 
festival, by the recital of verses and 
by the songs. When we opened the 
doors of the Sunday school room, and 
marched into church singing "We 
are scholars of the Sunday school," 
we all rejoiced as we saw the church 
full of people. The children were 
made happy not only by the gifts 
which they received, but also that 
they were able to send gifts to others. 
Our school is not a large one, num- 
bering about thirty. It is not rich, 
but it endeavored out of its poverty 
to share with others. It gave for 
home missions six dollars, for win- 
dows in the new Cleveland Bohemian 
Mission Church, one dollar and 
twenty-five cents, for missionary 
schools, one dollar, for maps, six 
dollars and thirty-five cents, and for 
the missionary ship, six dollars. 
But our joy did not end with the 

Christmas festival. Our greatest joy 
that day was that Christ was born in 
the hearts of four young men, who 
consecrated their lives to Him, and 
openly confessed Christ by joining 
the church. One is a pupil of the 

Sunday school, George R , brother 

of the girl of whom I recently wrote. 
He is a very dear and earnest youth. 
The second is John Hankovsky. He 
told me how terribly afraid he was 
when he came from the old country 
and was first urged to attend our 
services by his best friend. He said : 
' ' I trembled with fear when I stepped 
into the church, lest I should be com- 
pelled to disgrace my own church. 
I had already heard in the old coun- 
try that in Braddock there was the 
Salvationists' religion, and that who- 
ever joins them must have the end 
of his finger cut off and with his own 
blood sign his name; that he must 
give up his religion, and thus deliver 
his soul to destruction, and that his 
friends would have no more pleasure 
in him." He said again: "You do 
not then wonder that my hair stood 
on end, so to speak, from fear; dur- 
ing the sermon I sat thinking that 
when it ended I would flee, but when 
the services closed, every one came 
to me and shook hands with me, ask- 
ing whence I came and what my 
name was. I answered nothing, but 
felt hot until it grew dark in my 
eyes from fear, and I thought, oh, if 
he who brought me here has only not 
told my name, for I imagined that 
they wanted already to inscribe it 
in their book. Well, after dinner, I 



went again to find out what they 
would do in the afternoon. I heard 
nothing strange, only that everyone 
had a Bible and spoke out of it, which 
was new to me. In the evening I 
went without invitation, having be- 
come bolder, and nothing happened 
to me. I resolved that I would at- 
tend and hear what sort of a faith 
or teaching that is, for I well knew 
that in which I had been brought up 
(the Lutheran), for it is the .same 
thing repeated year after year, but 
here I was always hearing something 
new. My countryman told me that 
in that church there is good teaching, 
but the best thing for me was to keep 
the faith of my father, in which I 
was brought up. The more I med- 
itated about God's word, the more I 
wanted to do His will, but at the 
same time I had greater temptation 
and conflict. 

" My dearest friend, who had first 
advised me to go to that church, be- 
cause they teach well there, began to 
hinder me much and compelled me 
to go with him to a saloon to work 
as a barkeeper. At first I thought 
it a great honor to be a barkeeper. 
I did not go to church any more, for 
I found out that I could not serve 
two masters. I endured great con- 
flict. Some spirit seemed to move 
me to leave all and go to another 
place and so get rid of the trouble. 
But I knew that we can flee no 
whither from God, and if I were to 
go to the end of the earth, I should 
not be happy, for I already knew 
what was God's will, but lacked the 
courage to do it. I knew that I 
should never be happy unless I gave 
my heart to the Lord. 

"So I gave up bar-tending and 
went back to the steel works. I 

boarded in the saloon, but left it. 
Once when my friend prevented me 
from going to church, I said to my- 
self, ' If thy friend should now give 
thee one hundred dollars not to go 
to that church, and not to do what 
is there taught, wouldst thou obey?' 
'No,' I say, and from that time I paid 
no attention to those who wanted to 
hinder me from attending church. 
Once Dr. Schauffler preached here, 
and I remember how the words he 
spoke greatly moved me, when he 
said, ' we must either forsake sin or 
Christ.' Then I determined rather 
to lose the world and sin and friends 
than lose Christ. I acted accord- 
ingly and gave up everything 
worldly and sinful. The Lord re- 
ceived me graciously, but in my 
heart I thought I would not join that 
church lest my parents should de- 
spise me, thinking I had brought 
disgrace on their religion. I would, 
however, support that church. But 
when I began to meditate on the 
fact that God had been good to me, 
and had helped me to forsake great 
temptation and conflict, while I was 
afraid to confess him before men, I 
determined at any cost to join that 
church, and when I confessed that 
purpose to others, there came into 
my heart such joy as I had never 
felt before, and I could hardly wait 
for Christmas to come when I should 
join that church. I can never forget 
that Sunday. It was dark outside, 
and rained, yes, it even poured ; the 
sun was not to be seen, but in my 
heart there was light and joy, for 
Jesus Christ enlightened it. I did 
not lose my parents or my friends, 
but I lost sin and unrest and conflict, 
for which I want to love God and 
serve him forever." 


Statesmen and Truth-Tellers 

THIS is what the prophets of 
the Old Testament were, men 
who looked below the surface 
of things, and cherished their vision 
of national greatness in spite of that 
nation's grievous and manifest 
faults. Not fore-tellers, but forth- 
tellers; not sooth-sayers, but truth- 
sayers. It is a little surprising that 
more use is not made of their words 
for the opening exercises of mission- 
ary meetings. If we had a Library 
of the World's Best Literature put 
into our hands, and wished to find 
material for a religious service, we 
should turn to its devotional poetry, 
and then to its sermons. The Bible 
is such a library, and the words of 
the prophets are its sermons. It is 
true, they are not in sermon form. 
They are loosely constructed, and 
do not read like written sermons, but 
rather like the eloquent outpourings 
of a speaker who is too full of his sub- 
ject to consider the order of his para- 
graphs. Blessings and woes follow 
one another, and a chapter which 
begins in hope may end in denuncia- 
tion. Hence they are poorly adapted 
to a mechanical reading aloud from 
beginning to end. Where one great 
theme runs through an author's 
whole work, however, it is possible 
to compile sentences from his writ- 
ings without doing violence to their 
meaning. Now, the great theme of 
those old-time preachers was this: 
The righteousness, peace and pros- 
perity of the nation that bases its 
life upon God. This theme applies 
as well to Twentieth - Century 

The following passages are sug- 
gested, not to hinder any leader 
from working out a theme for her- 
self, but to stimulate a little study 
of these rather neglected books in 
the Biblical library: 

A Nation's Call. — Isaiah 49. 6-13. 

Sources of Confidence. — -Is. 51. 
4-9; 52. verses 7, 8, 9, 10. Read as 
one passage. 

The Sheep of My Pasture Are 
Men. — Ezekiel 34, from the nth 
verse through the first half of verse 
16; second half of verse 25, through 
verses 26 and 27; 30 and 31. 

Offerings. — Malachi 3. 8-13. 

Peace With Righteousness. — 
Micah 4, first five verses. 

Needy Places in the Land. — Is. 
41. 17, 18, 19; chapter 43, verses 18, 
19, 20, 21. Read as one connected 

National Growth. — Is. 26, first 
fifteen verses. 

There are ways of securing a more 
attentive interest in the Scripture 
passage for the day. Its theme may 
be announced. Verses may be 
copied on numbered slips of paper, 
and different members asked to read 
them in their order. Sometimes a 
single pointed phrase such as the 
first clause of Is. 60. 10 may be used 
as a text for a special occasion. In 
fine, the same kind of attention 
which a Shakespeare Club bestows 
upon the lines of a play will make a 
Bible reading altogether more stim- 

M. L. K. 

Advertising Pictures 

from the magazines make pretty childrerfs 
tableaux. Examples: Swift's Little Cooks, 
Fairy Soap, Baker's Chocolate, etc. The 
audience are expected to guess what adver- 
tisements the tableaux represent. Any 
convenient arrangement of screens or slid- 
ing curtains will answer, and no rehearsals 
nor artificial lights are required. The 
price of admission should be small, not 
more than ten cents for children. An 
afternoon affair of this kind, in connection 
with a sale of home-made cake and candy 
in another room, was voted "no trouble at 
all," and cleared enough money to support 
several orphans in Turkey and India. 


J/lfE have received a neat program from "The Woman's Mis- 
sionary Societies" of Sharon, Connecticut. The require- 
ments for membership in either of these societies is the payment 
of fifty cents annually. The meetings are monthly. During 
the last calendar year the following subjects have been treated 
with papers : "Present Conditions in Turkey," "Texas," Mis- 
sions in Spain," "The Louisiana Purchase," "The Indian at 
School," "Work in the Pacific Islands," "The Orientals in 
America," "India," "Alaska Missions," "China Past and Pres- 
ent" "Christian Patriotism and our Young People." This 
society has an office which zve have not observed before in similar 
societies, the office of "Herald." Thus there are six "Heralds," 
one each for India, Turkey, China, Africa, Japan and Mexico, 
and the Home Mission field. 

t£r* f£T* t&* 

r J 1 Hli church in Weather ford, Oklahoma, sustains a good soci- 
ety which though small in membership, only fifteen, main- 
tains a regular missionary program at every meeting and is 
endeavoring by study to become familiar zuith home missionary 
zvork in every section of our country. 

TAf ALTON, Nezv York, reports a society of forty- four mem- 
bers, which spends much labor in the preparation of family 
supplies for the home missionary, yet finds time for a short liter- 
ary program each meeting made up of letters from individual 
missionaries and articles from the magazines. 

%£T* f2r* *&* 

f)NE. society, besides its usual entertainments, has two regular 
offerings every season, one at thanksgiving, the other at 
Easter. Is this a hint for any one f 

t£T* W^ t^' 

jQHE said she could not stand up before that society and read a 
paper, but she wrote one, and another member, who could 
not write a paper, read it. United we stand ! 

t2s* i2r* *&* 

T)ED anyone overlook that item from Northfield, Minn., last 
month, about co-operating zvith men in preparing their 
programs ? We wish other societies would try this method. 

t2r* *&* t£T* 

TF you are making an address before a zoo/nan's society, and 
there is a feather on your hat which waves at every move- 
ment, your audience will watch the feather and forget the points 
of your speech. A word to the wise is sufficient . 

*£T* t^* «^* 

A MISSIONARY working in a little known field in the 
South, on being asked to furnish some information about 
his zvork to a northern club, zvrote that their letter seemed 
to have come "in answer to prayer." 




Not in commission hist year 


Bean, D. <)., Tintuh, Minn.; Bliss, Edwin M., San 
>rd, Fla. 

Crawford, Otis 1)., Granada, Minn. 
Dinsmore, Andrew A., Mi. Dma and Tangerine, 

Hammond, Charles L., Shickley, Nebr. ; Herbert, 
oseph, Nachez ami Selah Valley, Wash.; Hibbard, 
ufus 1'., Trvon, N. C; Holmes, Clarence L., Meek 
Qjr, S. Dak.; Holway, John \V., Kirkland, Wash. 
kraushaar, Frederick J., Traer and Herndon, Kan. 
Morach, J., Eureka, So. Dak.; Mote, H. \V., Chokio, 

a.; Moxie, C 11., Walnut Grove, Minn. 
Olin, David 1'., Milaca, Minn.; Osinek, Miss Antonia, 
U Louis, Mo. 
Ruring, Victor H., Deadwood, S. Dak. 
Sealey, 11. J., Atlanta, Ga.; Smit, Jan, Inland, Nebr. 
Thompson, Jabez V., Arot, Pa. 
Zercher, Henry J., Kennewick, Wash. 

Re-co»t m issio tied. 

Albrecht, George E., Minneapolis. Minn. 

Carlson, W. G., Lakeland and Cottage Grove, Minn 

Douglas, Alexander, Crary, Nebr. 

Fairbanks, Charles G., Dawson and Tappan. N. 
Dak.; Forrester, James C, Atlanta, Ga. 

Gier, Leon E., Gibbonsville, Idaho; Gray, Samuel 
II., Ellis, N. Dak. 

Hales, John J., South Shore, S. Dak.; Hartsough, 
Walter \V., Harvey, \\ Dak.; Hill, Charles F., Perth, 
Coal Bluff and Cardonia, Ind. 

Jorgensen, Jens C, Ogdensburg, Wis. 

Kirchner, A. I'. C, Granby, Mo.; Knhl, Edward P., 
East Brainerd, Minn. 

Larke, E., Sawyer, Emanuel and Highland, X. 
Dak.; Lewis, T. H , Kragness, Minn. 

Martin, Joel. Englewood and Littleton, Colo.. 
Michael, (ieorge. Walker, Minn.; Morrison, (ieorge M , 
Villa Park, Cal. 

Paine, S. D., Melbourn, Fla. 

Slade, William P., Braddock, Pa.; Sqnire, Guy P., 
Beulah and Wheaton, S. Dak.; Stnbbins, Thomas A.. 
Redondo Beach, Cal. 

Tillman, W. H., Atlanta, (ia. 

Watt, James C, Michigan City, N. Dak.; Wicks, 
Emerson G., Pomona, Fla.; Wild, Laura 11., Lincoln, 
Nebr.; Winslow, Jacob, Interlachen, Fla.; Woodruff, 
P. G., General Missionary in Fla. 

Young, A. G., Wyndemere and Dexter, \. Dak.; 
Yukl, Adolf, Braddock, Pa. 


February, 1905. 

For account 0/ receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 
see page 35 

MAINE— S31. 02. 

Freeport, A. S. Torrey, .50; Hallowell, 25.52; Minot 
Center, Mrs. M. H. Washburn, 5. 


N. H. H. M. Soc, by A. B. Cross, Treas., Request of 
donors, 10.50; Claremont, Mrs. G. P. Rossiter, 2; Con- 
cord, South, "C" 20; Epping, 7.65; Fitzwilliam, 15; Marl- 
boro, r'1.75; New Castle, Rev; E. C. Ewing, 20; New- 
market, T. II. Wiswell, 5; Stratham, 10. 

VERMONT— 39.46. 

Barton Landing. 12.46; Norwich, Z. E. Coleman, 2; St. 
Johnsbury, North, Woman's H. M. Dept., 25. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $1,779.77; of which legacv, $75. 

Mass. H. M. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., By request 
of donors, 15; Amesbury, Union S. S., 10; Amherst, 1st, 
S. S., 2.04; Andover, South, C. E., 10; Auburndale, 7.50; 
Rev.. A. VY. Stanford, 10; Ayer, C. E.,ist, 5; Rev. W. 
Spaulding, 5; Berkley, Two Friends, 65; Billerica, Mrs. 
E. R. Gould, 5; Bradford, C. E., 75; Charlton, 12; 
Chicopee, L. J. Pease, 150; E. M. (iaylord, 150; Cotuit, 
7; Easton, Evan. 24; Feeding Hills, Mrs E. J. Taylor, 
to const. E. M. Taylor an Hon. L. M., 100; Gardner, C. 
E., 21.73; & 1 - Barrington, C. M. Palmer, 3; Lenox, H. 
Sedgwick, 10; Mrs. M. J. Sedgwick, 5; Miss C. E. 
Sedgwick, 2; Northampton, A Friend, 5; 1st Dorcas 
Soc, 50; Orange, C. E., 10; South Hadley Falls, "G" 500; 
Spencer, Miss J. Underwood, 2: Springfield, Estate of 
Levi Graves, 75; Xorth, 125; Family thank offering, 
2.50; Wellesley, M. L. Denniston, 50: Worcester, A 
Friend, 50. 

Woman's H. M. Association (of Mass. and Rhode Island), 
Miss L. A. White, Treas.: For Salary Fund, 216. 

RHODE ISLAND— $68.50. 

Pawtucket, Cash, ^5; Providence, Pilgrim, 25; Woon- 
socket, Globe C. E., 8.50. 
CONNECTICUT— $3,763.61; of which legacies, $1,506 44. 

Bridgeport, "E. S.," 30; Bristol, 1st 33.67; Colchester, 
Mrs. J. M. Linsley, .40; A Friend, 5; Connecticut, In 
memory of S. P. C, 25; Coventry, 1st, 21. n; Derby, C. 
E., 7.50; 2nd, 34;So; Glastonbury, Estate of H. I). Hale, 
■ . Hampton, 1st, 8.30; Hartford, Windsor Ave., Miss 
C. E. Hillyer, 1,000; Lebanon, C. E., 20; Gleaners; 5. 

Ledyard, 6.54; Monroe, 10; New Haven, Estate of Mary 
L. Crossett, 1,417.41; Vale Coll. Ch. of Christ, 207.35; 
Norfolk, Estate of O. L. Hotchkiss, 20.20; North Bran- 
ford, S. S., 5; Norwalk, 1st C. E., 6; Norwich, Broad- 
way, 500; Old Lyme, 1st, 45; Salisbury, 28.58; So. Windsor, 

C. E., 5; Torrmgton, Central; 70.92; Waterbury, R. 
Crane, M.D., 12; Mrs. H. P. Camp, 100. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas. , 
8.18; East Hampton, 22.07; Hartford, ist, Mrs. M. C. 
Stone, 10; Center, 10; Newington, Eunoean Soc, 1.50; 
Sharon, Aux., 13.25; Suffleld, 5. Total $7 

NEW YORK— $1,389.59. 

Angola, Miss A. H. Ames. 5. Brooklyn, "M," 10; Ch. 
of the Pilgrims, 699.88; Buffalo, Niagara Sq., C; E., 25; 
Canaan, 4; Corners, C. E., 1; Cortland, C. E.. 44.37; H. 
E. Ranney, 25; Deansboro, 12; Little Valley, 4.75; Massena, 
ist, C. E., 10; Middletown, ist, 1.89; S. S., 5.30; Mt. 
Sinai, C. E., Special, 5; New York City, Pilgrim, 99.60; 
Tremont, Trinity, 17.17; X. V., North, 50;* Miss A. I 
Hazleton, 10; "Little Morris's Birthday Gifts. In 
memoriam," 3; Orient, 40; Oxford, J. C. Estelow, 5; 
Rensselaer Falls, Thank offering, U D," 5.^3; Salamanca, 
ist, 8; Syracuse, South Ave. S. S., 4.35; Warsaw, 7.80; 
West Newark, 1.27; Woodhaven, ist, 11.54; Woodville, 1 (< 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. I. J. Pearsall, Treas. 
Binghampton, ist, 50; Brooklyn, Clinton Ave. L. G., 65; 
Ch. of the Pilgrims, 5; Homer. 5; New York City, Broad- 
way Tab., S. W. W., 7; Rensselaer Falls, C. E., 3.75: 
Riverhead, Sound Ave. Ch. and S. S., 20; Syracuse, 
Plvmouth, 61.13; Utica, Plymouth, 25; Walton, 25. 

Total $266. 88 

NEW JERSEY— S225. 40. 

Chester, C. E., 6; East Orange, Trinity, 16Q.40; Mrs. C 

D. Dill, 25; Glen Ridge, add'l., 20; Montclair, Mrs H 
M. Shelton, 5. 

PENNSYLVANIA-$ + 3.6 5 . 

Bangor, Welsh, 5; Du Bois, Swedes, 2.40; Edwardsville. 
Welsh, 14; Fountain Springs, Christ Ch , 1; Pittsburg, 
Swedes, 5; Spring Brook, welsh, 11.25; Warren, Bethle- 
hem Scand., 5. 

MARYLAND— $5.00. 

Frostburg, 5. 

Washington, Friends, 20. 



VIRGINIA $13.00 
Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Portsmouth, 1 , 

GEORGIA- 50c. 
Mineral Bluff, A.J. Sosebee, .50. 

ALABAMA- $5.00. 

Hanceville, .Mt. drove, 2; Talladega, College, The 
Little Helpers, 3. 

Silver Creek, Mrs. E. M. Chadwick, 30. 

LOUISIANA - $5. 00. 
Iowa, 1st; 5. 

FLORIDA— $17.50. 
Cocoanut Grove, Union, e6; Westville and Potolo Carmel, 

TEXAS— $10.00. 
Paris, Judge I). H. Scott, 10. 

Vinita, A Friend, 1. 

OKLAHOMA— $2.40. 
Harmony, Bethel and Deer Creek, 2.40. 

ARIZONA— $80.00. 
Prescott, 1st, 78; Tombstone, add'l., 2. 

KENTUCKEY— $6.00. 
Berea, .69, S. S., ..ji;Ludlow, Mrs. M. A. Fanning, 5. 

OHIO --$63.40. 

Conneaut, 1st, 25; Kingsville, Miss E. S. Comings, 10; 
S C. Kellogg, 18; Oberlin, Mrs. L. G. B. Hills, 5 ;Porter- 
field, 5.40. 

INDIANA— $1 31.02. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtis, Angola, 11.85; Fort 
Wayne, South, 5; Michigan City, 1st, 28.33; Miller, 8; 
Total, 53.18. 

Indianapolis, Peoples, with previous cont. to const. 
Rev. L. White, an Hon. L. M., 5; Terre Haute, 
31.25; Washington, 1st, 2.09. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Davis, Treas., 

Elkhart, C. E., 10; Elwood, S. S., 4.50; Michigan City, 

1st, 5; Terre Haute, 1st 15; Whiting, Plymouth, C. E., 2. 

Total $36.50 

ILLINOIS— $4,087.07; of which legacies, $3,975.07. 

Received by Rev. M. E. Eversz, D.D., German, Wauke- 
gan, H. Wachenfeld, 2. 

Chicago, Estate of Mrs. L. E. Clark, 11.25; Geneseo, 
Mrs. A. E. Paul, 10; Highland Park. R. W. Patton, 
50; Lisbon, Estate of Lucine Botsford, 900; Payson, L. 
K. Seymour, 50; Wheaton, Estate of Mrs. Sarah A. 
Adams Cooley, 3,063.82. 

MISSOURI— $1,077.74. 

Eldon, 6.10; Grandin, 8; Kansas City, S. W. Tabernacle, 
5; St. Joseph, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Harding, 25; St. Louis, 
1st Trin., 25; A Friend, 1,000; Webster Groves, 1st, 8.64. 

MICHIGAN— $6.21. 

Grand Rapids, Smith Memorial, 3.21; C. E., 2; Linden, 
Mr. and Mrs. N. W. Pierce, 1. 

WISCONSIN— $15.01. 

Clintonville, Bethany Scand. and Navarino. 
Bethesda Scand., 5.01; Glenwood, Swedes, 1; Racine, 
Norwegian, 5; South Milwaukee, ( ierman, 4. 


Iowa H. M. Soc, by Miss A. D. Merrill, Treas., 49; 
Des Moines, Coll. at Woman's Meeting, 5.15; Traer, A 
Friend, 30; Treynor, Rev. J. Fath, 25. 

MINNESOTA— $338.78. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, Minneapolis, Corao 
Ave., 50; Park Ave., 48.41; Plymouth, 144.82; St. Paul, 
People's, 60. Total 303.23. 

Akeley, 6.29; Culdrum, Scand., 4; Edgerton, 1st, 2.50; 
Lamberton, 5; Lake Benton, 4.75; Lake Park, 2; Mankato, 
Rev. E. L. Heermance, 5; Minneapolis, Forest Height, 
5; St. Cloud and Sauk Rapids, Swedes, 2; St. Paul, Ply- 
mouth, G. G. Sanborn, 10. 349-77 

Less erroneously ack. in Dec, Belview, 10.99 

Total $338. 78 

NEBRASKA— $125.73. 

Albion, 44.58; Geneva, 44.40; Franklin. 5; Guide Rock, 
lie aver Creek, German, 7.75; Hemingford, 5; Lincoln, 
Zion's, German, 10; Minersville, g. 

NORTH DAKOTA -$144.37. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Amenia, 96; Cayuga, 2.38; 
Fessenden, 5; Forman, 5; Rutland, 2. Total, 110.38. 

Edmunds, 3; Melville, 3; Harvey 1st, 4; Kulm, Hoff- 
nungsfeld, German, 5.61; Posthal, German, 5 13. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Treas., 
Hankinson, C. E., 3.25; Valley City, 10. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $216.71. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Huron, to const. Rev. 
H. D. Wiard, an Hon. L. M., 50.10. 

Bonesteel, 6.67; De Smet and Lake Henry, 5.60; Elk Point, 
19. 1 1; Eureka, German, n: Fairfax, Hope. German, 
4.05; C. E., 4.45; Hudson, 1; Lebanon; 3.58; Rev. A. C. 
Miller and family, 3.20; Logan, 2.22^ Java, Israel's, 
German. 4.75; Oahe, 2; Pierre, 15.28; Ree Heights, 1, S. 
S., 1.80; Valley Springs, .90. 

Woman's H. M. Union, by Mrs. A. Loomis, Treas., 80. 

COLORADO— $91.16. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Denver, Plymouth, S. 
S.; 13.25; Grand Junction, 13.75. Total 27. 

Ault, 1st, 5; Colorado City, 1st, 2.50; Colorado Springs, 
Hillside, 14; Denver, Globeville; German, 5; Pilgrim, 
2.50; Fort Collins, German, 4.68; Windsor, German, 1; 
Garfield Creek, 2.25; Highlandlake, 4.28; New Castle, 10; 
Pueblo, Minnequa, 7.50; Rye, 1st, 5.45. 

WYOMING -$27.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss E. MeCrum, Treas., Day- 
ton, to; Green River, by Rev. C. H. Nellor, 5. 

Guernsey and Torrington, 6.50. 

MONTANA— $30.00. 

Received by Rev. W. S. Bell, Helena, Ladies' Miss 
Union, 10. 

Helena, 1st, 15; Missoula, Scand., 5. 

UTAH— $60.00. 

Sandy, 5; Utah, A Friend, 50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. A. Wenger, Treas., 
Salt Lake City, Phillips, 5. 

CALIFORNIA— $261.47. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile, Ontario, C. E., 15; W. H. 
M. U., 75; by Katherine Barnes, Treas., Ramona, 4; 
Riverside, 52.65. Total 146.65. 

Calexico and Heber, 11.60; Compton, 1S.56; Fairoaks, Mr. 
and Mrs. H. D. Williams. 10; Fresno, No. Zion's Ger- 
man; 20; Los Angeles, Trinity, 5; Nordhoff, Mrs. J. R. 
Gelett, 5; Panama, 5; Pasadena, C. W. Keese. 5; A 
Friend, 5; Paso Robles, Plymouth, 7.56; Rialto, Ch., Mr. 
Wood, 3; Rosedale, 6.60; Sierra Madre, 1st, 12.50. 

OREGON— $63. 19. 

Beaver Creek, German, 3; New Era, German, 2; 
Gaston, 4; lone, 5; Sheridan, 5; Tualatin, 2.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Treas., 
Beaverton, S. S., 5.10; Dora, Mrs. Abernethy, 5; Free- 
water, 5 59; Gaston, 2; Hillside. 4; Portland, 1st, 20. . 

Total $ii.o,, 

WASHINGTON— $410.16. 

Washington H. M. Soc, by Rev. H. B. Headley, 
Treas., Forks, 7; Lowden's Cong. Meeting, 2.20; No. 
Yakima. 1st. 20; Pullman, 13.55; Seattle, Taylor, 5; 
Sunnyside, Woman's Union, i2fTouchet, 6.21; Woman's 
H. M. Union, 325. Total $390-96 

Aberdeen, Swedes; 3.10; Bell Center, 3; Edison, 6.10; 
Endicott, German, H. Vogler, 7. 


Contributions $9,345.46 

Legacies - - - 51556-5 1 


Interest 656.77 

Home Missionary 138.26 

Literature - 150.08 

Total --. .$15,847.08 





Receipts in February, 1905. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Abington, C. E., 5; Andover, A Friend, 2; Ashland, 
9.61; Barnstable, Centreville, 8; Bedford, 11.71; Boston, 
Ellis Mendell Fund, 125; Bank Interest, 9. 10; Italian, 
m; old South, [60; Roxbury, A Friend, 1; Walnul 
Ave, 71.86; Brimbecom Fund, Inc., 20; Brookfield, 6. 14; 
Chatham, 8.50; Dedham, 110.74; Dunstable, 28.66, C. E., 
5; Easthampton, C. E., 2; Fitchburg, Finn, 9.5°! Swede, 
15; Gardner, "Harrc," 1; Gill, 5; Holyoke, jnd, 103.14; 
Housatonic, Est. 1 >. (i. Turner, 200; Miss M. s. Rams- 
dell, 10; Miss E- s Selkirk, 5; Ipswich, South, 5; 
Lancaster, Evan., 14.40; Lawrence, Trinity, 53.10; 
United; to; Leicester, 1st, 30; Leominister, Orthodox, C. 
E., 27; Lowell, 1st, Trin., 16.03; C. E., 1.85; Lynn, 
North, is ■;; Marion, Pitcher Fund, 44-24; Marshfield, 
1st. 20.30; Maynard, Finn, 2.50; Merrimac, 1st, 14.72; 
Middleton, 6, New Bodtord, North, 21.18; No. Attleboro, 
Oldtown, C. E., j.25; Attleboro Falls, Central, 12.10; 
North Brookfield, Mrs. Win. Wallev, 25; North Hadley, 
ind, ; ■; Northampton, Edwards, 72; Quincy, Finns, 1 5.23; 
Finns, 5.40; Reed, D. Fond, Inc. j8; Rochester, East, 1=;; 
Salem, South, n>; Samokov Bulgaria, W. W., is; Sand- 
wich, is; Shrewsbury, 11; South Hadley, C. E., 5; Spencer, 
Mrs. S. A. Temple, to; Springfield, Olivet, 17; Swamp- 
scott, Mrs. Sarah A. Holt, 10; Church, 3.12; Upton, 1st, 
6.66; West Boylston, 1st, S.35; Westhampton, 15; Westwood, 
Islington, 1; Whitcomb, I)., Fund, Inc. 12; Whitins- 
ville, Extra Cent a Day Hand. 15.26; Wilkiusonville, 
Miss C. W Hill, 50; Wincheudon, 1st, 8; Winchester, Est. 
Isabella B. Tenney, 200; Designated for Easter School of 
Theology, Adams, W. B. Plunkett, is; Boston, Arthur S. 
Johnson, is; Old South, is; Framingham, E. F. Bige- 
fow, is: Holyoke, 2nd, is; Haverhill, Center, 15; Salem, 
DeWitt S. Clarke, is; Whitinsville, A. F. Whitin, is; 
Winchester, A. S. Hall, 15; Williamstown, John H. 
Dennison, is; Designated for Italian Work, Boston, Wal- 
ter M. Lownev, 100; Lexington, E. F. Tobey, so; 
Wellesley Hills, E. C. Hood. 78.33; Designated for C. H. M. 
S., Northbridge, M. A. L., 10; Ware, Mrs. Chas. E. Bloody. 

Woman's H. M. Assn., Lizzie D. White, Treas. 
Salaries, for French College, $70; Salary for Italian 
Worker, 35. Summary: 

Regular/. $1,892.92 

Designated for Easter School 150.00 

Designated for Italian Work... 228.33 

Designated for C. H. M. S - 1500 

W. H. M. A 105.00 

Home Missionary 2.70 

Total $2,393-95 

Receipts in February, 1905. 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer, New York. 
Brooklyn, Puritan S. S.. 30; Clayton, 5.50; Elmira, 13; 
Lockport, East Ave., 35; New York, Longwood Mission, 
s; North Evans, 5; Olean, 7; Roscoe, 7.75; Summer Hill, S. 
S . 1.84; Syracuse, Pilgrim, ro.13; West Seneca, is; W. 
H. M. U. as follows: Middletown, 1st S. S., 16.76; River- 
head, Sound Ave.. Aux. 24.50; Utica, Plymouth W. M. 
S., 10; W. H. M. U. 48.74. Total.. $236. 

Receipts in February, 1905. 
Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 
Avon, Ch. and C. E., 7; Branford, S. S.. 25; Bridge- 
water, S. S., 13; Canton Center, 25; Central Village, 5.38; 
Haddam, 1st, 9; Hartford. Danish, 8; Glenwood, 3.57: 
Talcott St., 2.66; Killingworth, 4; Milford, Plymouth, 
Special, 2; New Haven, United, us: Oak St. Mission, 
for Italian work, 25; Danish, t>; New London, 1st, 18. 59; 
Norwich, 1st, 71.17; Old Saybrook, <j. i": for C. H. M. S., 
q.i6: Simsbury, 1st, S. S., Special, 10; for Italian work 
in Conn., 10: Somers, 8. mi; Torrington, 1st, S. S., 1.85; 
Trumbull, S; Waterbury. 2nd, for Italian work, 20; Mrs. 
W. H. Camp. Personal, 10: Westminster, 0.55; Win- 
chester, ..q.28; Windham, 2s; W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., 
Mrs. Geo. Follett, Secretary. Ooshen, W. M. S., for 
work among Foreigners in Conn., 52.15. 

M. S. C. $510.37 

C. H. M. S q.i6 

Total $519-53 

Correction : Legacy from the estate of Sarah A. 
Hanks of Bridgewater, in January receipts, should be 
Greenfield Hill. 


Receipts in January, 1905. 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer, Chicago, 111. 

Aniboy, <; Buda, 5; Caledonia, s; Central Park, 5.40; Cres- 
ton, S. S., r.50; Decatur, 12.13; Dover, 1 4 . 1 =, ; Galesburg, 
Geneseo, 55.60; Harvard, 10: Highland, C. E., 6.25; 
Kirkland, 4.50; LaMoillc, 01.7s; Milburn, 1 .; Montclare, 
1;; North Shore, 70.40; Oak Park, tst, .•<•; 2nd, 59; S. S . 
10.94; Pilgrim, Y. P. M. S., 1-; Rockfeller, ('. E., 5; 
Rockford, ■ml, 15.75; Rollo, 11.28; Sedgwick St., 2.40; 
South, i6; Stark, S. S., 5; StUlman Valley, C. E., s; Syca- 
more, [00.59; Vermilion Co., 21.76: Waverly, 2; Warren 
Ave., cg.8i; Woodstock, .•'. |6; Wilmette, 31.10; Yorkville, 
S, S.. 5.83; C. E., j; Illinois Woman's Home Mission 

ary Union, 223.95; A. M. Brodie Supply fee, 12; Mrs. 

I.. A. Bushnell; 50; Chicago, ( ). B. Green; ; Mrs. 

Hayward, to; Victor Lawson, too; China, Misses 
Wyckoff, 20; "John and Mary," too; Ministerial 
Bureau, is; Oak Park, E. II. Pitkin, too; Rent, 87.45; 
Rockford, S. J. Caswell, s; Miss Gulliver, 1. 
T» ital 


Receipts in February, 1905. 
Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Akron, 1st (refunded from C. II. M. S.), 11S.44; And- 
over, R. C. McClelland. 5; Ashland. J. ( ). Jennings, 10; 
Cincinnati, Storrs, 10; Columbus, 1st, 150; Washington 
Street, s; Conneaut, 1st, s; Croton, 4: Dover, C. C. Keed, 
5; Fairport Harbor, 2; Hartford, S. S., 2.50; Lorain, 1st. 
18.77; Lucas, Arthur Leiter 5; Mesopotamia, S. S., io; 
No. Ridgeville, 5; Oberlin, 2nd, personal, 2; Toledo, 1st, 
2.50; Windham, Mrs. Johnson, 10; Youngstown, Ply- 
mouth, 6.35; C. E., 5; interest on Penfield Fund, 
5.33; pulpit supply, 25. 'Total $409.89 


Receipts in February, 1905. 

Mrs. George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo. 

Bellevue, W. M. S.,6; Cleveland, 1st, W. A. 14; Grace, 
W. M. S., 5; Pilgrim, W. A., 8.60; Marietta, 1st. W. 
M. S., 28; Mesopotamia, Mrs Smith, 2: Sheffield, W. M. 
S., 2.80; Springfield, 1st, S. S., 22; Toledo, Central W. 

M. U., 4.35; W. Williamsfield, 10. Total 102.75 

For Bohemian work, Youngstown, Plymouth, C. E., 
5; Unionville, S. S. ibyO. W. H. M. U. 1, 5. Total. $10. 

Total for general work $512.64 

Grand total --$522 64 


Receipts in February, 1905. 
Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer, Lansing. 

Algansee, 6.75; Allegan, s.g6; S. S., 5; Jr. C. E., .50; 
Atlanta, .50; Beldmg, 26.50; Canandaigua. 2.50: Cannon, 4; 
Delta, 1.50; Detroit, Brewster, 16. 2q; Ellsworth, 7; Flat 
Rock, 3; Gaylord, 26.50; Grand Rapids, South, Jr. C. E., 
6; Ironton, 7; Lake Odessa, 18.41; Lansing, Plymouth, 
165.24; Luzerne, 2; Manistee, 11; Mattawan, S. S., 5.66; 
Morenci, 15; Pontiac, 17.07; Rockwood, 2; Ryno. 2; Thomp- 
sonville, 1; Wacousta, 1.50; Wolverine, 1; W. H. M. U., 
by Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Tr., 67.50. Total $42843 


Receipts in February, 1905. 

Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treasurer, Greenville. 

Almout, W. M. S., 5; Delhi Mills, W. II. M. S., 10; 
Detroit, Korth, Woman's Union, 10; Galesburg, W. H. 
M. S., Pledges. 10; Thank Offering', s: Grand Ledge, 
W. H. M. U., 5.25; Grand Rapids, Park M. S., ^s: Green- 
ville, W. H. M. S., Pledges, 3.70; Thank Offerings. 
13.85; Hancock, W. M. S., 15; Harrison, W. H. and F. 
M. S., 5: Highland, W. IT. M. S., y. Interest. 12.50; 
Jackson, 1st, 57: Manistee, W. H. M. S., 2s; Nevins Lake, 
I.. M. S.. 3 12; Onekama, W. H. M. S., 5: Ovid, W. Gen'l 
M. S., -; Owosso, M. C: Thank Offering, 20; Stowell. 
Mrs. Ellen C, 100; Three Oaks, W. M. S.. 10.35. 

Total. S361.77 

Young People's Fund. 
Charlotte, Mission Band, 1.02; Old Missions, C. E., s: 
Ypsilanti, Jr. C. E.,2. 

Total $8.02 





1, NEW HAMPSHIRE, Female Cent. Institution, 
organized August, 1804; and Home Missionary Union, 
organized [uue. 1890. President, Mrs. James Minot, 
Concord; Secretary, Mrs. M. W. Nims, 5 Blake St., 
Concord; Treasurer, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 
X. Main St., Concord. 

2, MINNESOTA, Woman s Home Missionary Union, 
organized September. 1872. President, Miss Catharine 
W. Nichols, 230 E. gth St., St. Paul; Secretary, 
Mrs. J. E. Truesdell,iqioDupont Ave., South. Minne- 
apolis; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Norton. Northfield. 

3, ALABAMA, IVoman's Missionary Union, organized 
March 1877; reorganized April, 1889. President, 
Mrs. M. A. Dillard, Selma; Secretary, Mrs. E. Guy 
Snell, Talladega; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Horney, 425 
Margaret Ave. Smithfield, Birmingham. 

certain auxiliaries elsewhere 1. Woman's Home 
Missionary Association, organized February, 1880. 
President, 'Mrs. Wm. H. Blodgett, 645 Centre St.. 
Newton, Mass.; Secretary, Miss. L. L. Sherman, 607 
Congregational House, Boston; Treasurer, Miss Lizzie 
D. White, 607 Congregational House, Boston. 

5, MAINE, IVoman's Missionary Auxiliary, or- 
ganized June, 1880. President, Mrs. Katherine B. 
Lewis. S. "Berwick; Secretary, Mrs. Emma C. Water- 
man, Gorham; Treasurer, Mrs. Helen W. Hubbard, 79 
Pine St.. Bangor. 

6, MICHIGAN, IVoman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1881. President, Mrs. C. R. Wilson, 
65 Frederick Ave.. Detroit; Cor. Secretary, Mrs. Percy 
Gaines. 298 Hudson Ave., Detroit; Treasurer, Mrs. E. 
F. Grabill, Greenville. 

7, KANSAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October. 1881. President, Mrs. J. E. Ingham, 
Topeka; Secretary, Mrs. Emma E. Johnston, 1323 W. 
15th St.. Topeka; Treasurer, Mrs. W. A. Sloo, 1112 W. 
13th St., Topeka. 

8, OHIO, Woman s Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized Mav. 1882. President, Mrs. C. H. Small 
"The Republic," Republic St., Cleveland; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. B. Brown, 21 16 Warren St., Toledo. 

9, NEW YORK, Woman's Home Missionary Union. 
organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. William 
Kincaid, 483 Greene Ave.. Brooklyn: Secretary, Mrs. 
Howard F. Doane. 252 West 104th St., New York 
City; Treasurer, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 153 Decatur St., 

10, WISCONSIN, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. T. G. Gras- 
sie, Wauwatosa; Secretary, Mrs. J. H. Dixon, 1024 
Chapin St., Beloit; Treasurer, Mrs. Erastus •',. Smith, 
649 Harrison Ave., Beloit. 

11, NORTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized November, 1883 President, Mrs. E. 
H. Stickney, Fargo; Secretary, Mrs. Silas Daggett, 
Harvvood; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Fargo. 

12, OREGON, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized July. 1884. President, Mrs. E. W. Luckey, 
707 Marshall St., Portland; Cor. Secretary, Miss Mercy 
Clarke, 39s Fourth St.. Portland; Treasurer, Mrs. C. 

F. Clapp. Forest Grove. 

13, WASHINGTON, Including Northern Idaho, 
Woman's Home Missionary Union, organized July. 
1884; reorganized June, 1889. President, Mrs. W. C. 
Wheeler, 424 South K. St., Tacoma; Secretary, Mrs. 
Herbert S. Gregory, Spanaway; Treasurer, E. B. Bur- 
well, 323 Seventh Ave., Seattle. 

14, SOUTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized September, 1884. President, Mrs. T. 
J. Woodcock, Elk Point; Secretary, Mrs. Carl Ander- 
son, Elk Point; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Loomis. Redfield. 

15, CONNECTICUT, Woman s Con^reeational Home 
Missionary Union of Connecticut, organized January, 
1885. President, Mrs. Washington Choate, Green- 
wich; Secretary, Mrs. T. C. Millard, 36 Lewis St., 
Hartford; Treasurer, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, 530 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartford. 

16, MISSOURI, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May. 1885. President, Mrs. M. T. Runnels. 
2406 Troost Ave., Kansas City; Treasurer, Mrs. A. D. 
Ryder, 2524 Forest Ave., Kansas City. 

17, ILLINOIS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 

organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. B. W. Firman, 
1012 Iowa St., Oak Park; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 

G. H. Schneider. 919 Warren Ave., Chicago; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. O. Whitcomb, 463 Irving Ave., Douglas 
Park Station. Chicago. 

18, IOWA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized Tune, 1S86. President, Mrs. S. L. Taggart; 

Secretary, Mrs Clarence Hubbard, Grove Terrace; 
Treasurer, Mrs. C. B. Beach. 

19, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized June, 1887. President, Mrs. 
F. B. Perkins, 600 Seventeenth St.. Oakland; Secretary, 
Mrs. E. S. Williams, Saratoga; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. 
Haven, 1329 Harrison St., Oakland. 

20, NEBRASKA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized November. 1887. President, Rev. Laura H. 
Wild. 1306 Butler Ave.. Lincoln; Secretary, Mrs. H. 
Bross, 2904 Q St., Lincoln; Treasurer, Mrs. Charlotte 
J. Hall. 2322 Vine St.. Lincoln. 

21, FLORIDA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or '- 
ganized February, 1888. President, Mrs. S. F. Gale 
Jacksonville; Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Edmondson. Day- 
tona; Treasurer, Mrs. Catherine A. Lewis, Mt Dora. 

22, INDIANA, IVoman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May. 1888. President, Mrs. W. A. Bell, 1211 
Broadway. Indianoplis; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
Anna D. Davis, 1608 Bellefontaine St. , Indianapolis. 

23, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized May. 1888. President and 
Secretary, Mrs. Kate G. Robertson. Mentone; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. Katharine Barnes, Pasadena. 

24, VERMONT, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized June. 1888. President, Mrs. Rebecca P. 
Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury; Secretary, Mrs. C. L. Smith, 
159 Pine St.. Burlington;" Treasurer, Mrs. C. H. Thomp- 
son. Brattleboro. 

25, COLORADO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October. 1888. President, Mrs. W." E. Let- 
ford, Longmont; Secretary, Mrs. Burke Turrell, Long- 
mont; Treasurer, Miss I. M. Strong, P. O. Box, 
177, Denver. 

26, WYOMING, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May. 1893. President, Mrs. P. F. Powelson. 
Cheyenne; Secretary, Mrs. H. B. Patten, Cheyenne; 
Treasurer, Miss Edith McCrum, Cheyenne. 

27, GEORGIA, Woman's Missionary Union, organized 
November, 1888; new organization October 1898. 
President, Mrs. H. H. Proctor. Atlanta; Secretary, Miss 
Jennie Curtis, Mcintosh; Treasurer, Mrs. H. T. John- 
son, Rutland. 

29, LOUISIANA, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized April. 1889. President, Mrs. L. St. J. Hitch- 
cock. 2436 Canal St.. New Orleans; Secretary, Mrs. A. 
L. DeMond, 222 S. Roman St., New Orleans; Treasurer, 
Miss Mary L. Rogers, 2436 Canal St., New Orleans. 

Woman's Missionary Union of the Tennessee Associa- 
tion, organized April, 1889. President, Mrs. G. W. 
Moore. 926 N. Addison Ave., Nashville, Tenn.; Secre- 
tary, Mrs. J. E. Smith Chattanooga, Tenn.; Treasurer, 
Mrs. J. C, Napier. Nashville. 

31, NORTH CAROLINA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1889. President, Mrs. C. Newkirk 
Mooresville; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. H. R. 
Faduma, Troy. 

32, TEXAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized March. 1890. Secretary, Mrs. Donald Hinck- 
ley. Dallas; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Geen, Dallas. 

33, MONTANA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May. i8qo. Secretary and Treasurer," Mrs. W. 
S. Bell 611 Spruce St.. St. Helena. 

34, PENNSYLVANIA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized June. 1890: President, Mrs. L. H. Ruge, 
Allegheny; Secretary, Mrs. F. W. Chamberlain, Cam- 
bridge Springs; Treasurer, Mrs. Howels Davis, Kane. 

35, OKLAHOMA, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October. 1890. President, Mrs. O. W. Rogers, 
Medford; Secretary, Mrs. C. M. Terhune, El Reno; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Cora Worrell, Pond Creek. 

36, NEW JERSEY, Including District of Columbia. 
Maryland and Virginia. Woman's Home Missionary 
Union of the New Jersey Association, organized 
March. 1891. President, Mrs. John M. Whiton, Plain- 
field; Secretary, Mrs. Allen H. Still, Westfield; 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. A. L. Merrifield. Falls Church, Va. 

37, UTAH, Including Southern Idaho. Woman's 
Missionary Union, organized May, 1891. President, 
Mrs. C. T. Hemphill, Salt Lake City, Utah; Secretary, 
Mrs. L. E. Hall, Salt Lake City, Utah; Treasurer, Mrs. 
A. A. Wenger, 563 Twenty-fifth St., Ogden. Utah; 
Treasurer for Idaho, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatello, Idaho. 

41, IDAHO, IVoman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized 1895. President, Mrs. R. B. Wright, Boise; 
Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Mason, Mountain Home; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatello. 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. Y. 

Nkhemiah Boynton, I>.r>.. President 
si B. Clark, D.D., Washington Choate, D.I)., 

/•'.(/it or nil Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. I low land, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 

WATSON !. Pi ', Chairman CHARLES L. RECKWITH, Recording Secretary 

Edward P Lvun Rev. Wiu.i \m u Holman Sylvester B. Car tkk 

Thomas C MacMillan William H. Wanamaker (.forge W. Hebard 

Edward N. Packard, D.D S. p. Cadman, D.D. C. c. West 

N. McGee Waters, D.D. Prank L. Goodspeed, D.D George P. Stockwell 

Rev. Li\ I ■. vi.< iR 

re/ary, REV. W. G. PUDDEFOOT, South Pramingham, Mass. 

.</ Assistant, .Miss M. DEAN MOKFA 


Moritz E, Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St.. Chicago, Til. 

Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn, 
ic Department, Cleveland, Ohio 

Edw. D. Curtis, D.D. Indianapolis bid. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo^ N. Dak. 

S. F. Gale, D.D..... Jacksonville. Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson .Denver, Colo. 

Geo. R. Merrill. I >. 1 > ... Minneapolis, Minn. (. I). Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Alfred K. W ray, D.D Carthage. Mo. Arizona, Utah and Idaho 1, 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr . West Seattle. Wash. Salt Lake City 

Rev. W. 11. D. Gray..... Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. John L. Maile Los Angeles, Caf. 

Harmon l'.ross, D.D Lincoln. Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp.. Forest Grove, Ore. 

Rev. A.T.Clarke Port Payne Ala Rev. Charles A. Tones, 412 South 45th St., Phila., Pa. 

Prank E. Fenkins, D.D itlanta, Ga. Rev. W. S. Bell ...Helena, Mont 

lex. Rev. ]. Homer Parker Kingfisher, Okla. 

W. II. Thrall, D.D Huron. S. Dak. (ieo. L. Todd, D.D. Havana. Cuba 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary. Maine Missionarj 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer . " " " . ..Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

. T. Hillman, Secretary... New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasure! " " Concord. N. II. 

Charles H. Merrill D.D., Secretary .Vermont Domestic " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J.T.Richie, Treasurer " " ..St. Johnsbury, \"t. 

mrich. D.D., Secretary Massachusetts Homi " '' ... mg'l House, 

ana Coit, Treasurer " f Boston, Mass. 

Rev. I. 1 1. 1. y.> n, Secretary Rhode Island " " Central Falls, R. 1. 

fos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer .. ■ " " " Providence, R. I. 

Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford 

Ward W.Jacobs, Treasurer.. " " Hartford, Conn. 

\V. Shelton, Secretary .. New York Home Missionary Society. Fourth Ave. andj.-d St.. New York 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer " " " " '" Fourth Ave. and22d St..New York 

liarles II. S tary Ohio " " " Cleveland. Ohio 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer... " " Cleveland, Ohio 

A. M. Brodie, D.D., Secretary. Illinois " '* ) 153 La Salic St., 

John W. Iliflf, Treasurer " " "..... j ' Chii 

Homer W.Carter. I ). 1 I Wisconsil P.eloit. Wis. 

C. M. Blackmail, Treasurer Whitewater, Wis. 

T. O. Douglass, D.I). Secretary... Iowa ( irinnell. Iowa 

Miss A. I >. Merrill. Treasurer " Des Moines. Iowa 

William H.Warren. D.D Michigan " " Lansing, Mich. 

ure'r ' " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

H. C. Bowman, Treasurer " Topeka. Kan. 

Rev. |. K. i! California Home Missionarj San Francisco, Cal. 

. Morgan, Secretary. ■ mgregational City Missionary Society . St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Newell, Superintendent. " St. Louis, Mb. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer... " " " St. Louis, Mo. 

T.F.t rACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies : 

queath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months alter my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer ..f the 1 nal Home Missionary Society formed in the City of New York, in the 

rPhundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

1 under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 

Honorary Life Member. 




Absolute!y Pure 


19 inui?ft 61SI 
oos_ asTU A: q^ e 3 .1 d 


Toilet Powder 

Beautifies and 
Presen es the 

Men liin'-. • 

tive Relief 1 
i Hands, Chafi 
aii'l all Skin Afflictions. 

»:ll>ipll> Ilfl . 

«•«• «;i.» ill llciiiiin « .... Arnaik, V. J. 




Tor The Toilet 



— ~~ 

MAY 50 Cents a Year 1905 

— — — ■— n — — mm/mat^. 
















For . MA \ ,. 9 -o 5 


(Illustrated) Rev. John D. Nutting a 


(Illustrated) F. L. Goodspeed, D. D. 


America's Plague Spot — The Pro^ 





OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEG LE. Conducted by Don O. Shelton 

Young People and the Annual- Meeting— This Summer at Silver Bay 56 
Life Purposes Transformed . , . . 57 

King's Trumpeters Whom I Have Known. VII. Rev. Abram Van 
Auken. By Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, A.M . . . .59 


VERMONT IN THE LEAD-To the Readers of the Home Missionary 62 

EDWARD HAUGHTON ASHMUN. E. Lyman Hood, Ph.D. . 63 


Evergreen Florida— Several Reasons- for Encouragement— Winning the 
Young— A Slavic Thanksgiving- Save the Boys— Sunday Eggs for 
Home Missions — The Old Question — The New Year at Matanzas — 
The Country Church a Feeder . .... 


A Word to the Thoughtful— Are You Making the Best Use of It- 
Pointers — Question Box ....... 




i ept in July and August, by the 
. Home Missionary Society 






Are Sold Direct From Ihe Factory, and in No Other Way 

You Save from $ 75to $ 200 

When you buy a Wing Piano, you buy at wholesale. 
You pay the actual cost of making it with only our whole- 
sale profit added. When you buy a piano, as many still do — 
at retail— you pay the retail dealer's store rent and other 
expenses. You pay his profit and the commission or salary 
of the agents or salesmen he employs— all these on top of 
what the dealer himself has to pay to the manufacturer. The 
retail profit OH a piano is fiiom $75 to $200. Isn't this worth 


No Money in Advance 


We will place a Wing Piano in any home in the United 
States on trial, without asking for any advance payment or 
deposit. We pay the freight and all other charges in advance. 
There is nothing to be paid either before the piano is sent or 
when it is received. If the piano is not satisfactory after 20 
days' trial in your home, we take it back entirely at our ex- 
pense. You pay us nothing, and are under no more obliga- 
tion to keep the piano than if you were examining it at our 
factory. There can be absolutely no risk or expense to you. 

Do not imagine that it is impossible for us to do as we 
say. Our system i3 so perfect that we can without any 
trouble deliver a piano in the smallest town in any part of 
the United States just as easily as we can in New York City, 
and with absolutely no trouble or annoyance to you, and 
without anything being paid in advance or on arrival either 
for freight or any other expense. We take old pianos and 
organs iu exchange. 

A guarantee for 12 years against any defect in tone, action, 
workmanship or material is given with every Wing Piano. 

Small, Easy 


In 37 years over 40,000 "Wing Pianos 

have been manufactuied and sold. They are recom- 
mended by seven governors of States, by musical colleges 
and schools, by prominent orchestra leaders, music teach- 
ers and musicians. Thousands of these pianos are in 
your own State, some of them undoubtedly in your very 
neighborhood. Our oatalogue contains names and ad- 

Mandolin, Gnitar.Harp. Zither, Banjo — 

The tones of any or all of these instruments may be re- 
produced perfectly by any ordinary player on the piano by 
means of our Instrumental Attachment. This improve- 
ment is patented by us and cannot be had in any other 
piano. WING ORGANS are made with the same care 
and sold in the same way as Wing Pianos. Separate or- 
gan catalogue sent on request. 


The Book 

of Compete 


If You Intend to Buy a Piano— No Matter What Make 

A book — not a catalogue — that gives you all the information possessed by 
experts, It tells about the different materials used in the different parts 
of a piano; the way the different parts are put together , what causes pianos 
to get out of order and in fact is a complete encyclopedia. It makes the 
selection of a piano easy. If read carefully, it will make you a judge of 
tone, action, workmanship and finish. It tells you how to test a piano 
and how to tell good from bad. It is absolutely the only book of 
its kind ever published. It contains 166 large pages and hun- 
dreds of illustrations, all devoted to piano construction. Its 
name is "The Book of Complete Information About Pianos." ^/ &■ £r~ 
We send it free to anyone wishing to buy a piano. All you 
have to do is to send us your name and address. 

Send a Postal To-day while you think of 
it, just giving your name and address or send us 
the attached coupon and the valuable book of in- 
formation, also full particulars about the WING 
PIANO, with prices, terms of payment, etc., 
will be gent to you promptly by mail. 



35l-3§2 West 13th Street, New York 

1868 37th YEAR 1905 

en writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missionary 




MAY, 1905 

No. 2 


By Rev. John D. Nutting 
Secretary Utah Gospel Mission of Cleveland, 0. 

that 100,000 such tourists are dealt 


I HAVE been in Utah — yes in- 
deed; I stopped off a whole 
day in Salt Lake City. I went 
to the Tabernacle, heard the fine 
deep organ, got all their literature, 
and — well, I don't think the Mor- 
mons are half so bad as they are 
sometimes made out to be." 

Such is the statement often made 
to the writer, sometimes with all the 
assurance of knowledge beyond a 
peradventure. Apostle Lyman says 

with by their mis-information bureau 
at the entrance of the Tabernacle 
grounds every year; and this is one 
of the most effective instrumentali- 
ties of Mormonism in spreading and 
buttressing its evil system. But 
such a little glimpse of only one false 
front of Mormonism affords practi- 
cally no information. Get into a 
missionary wagon for the real thing. 
Go up and down, hither and yon, 




through 550 miles in length and 250 
in breadth of the real Mormondom 
which the Utah Gospel Mission 
wagons have covered since June 

sacrificing way to help them see the 
truth and embrace it and its personi- 
fication in Christ ; study their be- 
liefs in their books ; hear them preach 

1901. Visit the 46,000 different 
homes which we have visited; talk 
with the inmates on the vital points 
of their religious belief and conduct; 
try in the most loving and self- 

them in their meetings; deal with 
them in business ways and live in 
their villages days and weeks to- 
gether over their whole region of 
country; then one may be considered 


somewhat posted in Mormonism and 
the Mormon people, and able to tell 
others and perhaps to judge of what 
can be done to help them. 

One of the notable results of such 
a course will be that the observer 
will pity the common people far 
more than he will condemn them. 
However it may be with the leaders, 
this is the way our missionaries in- 
variably come to look at the masses. 
Two thirds of them were born into 
this system, and have been trained 
into its blasphemous, materialistic, 
irrational conceptions from the dawn 
of their thought ; while the most of 
the other third were so hoodwinked 
by the utterances of their elders, who 
converted them, and the ideas of 
Christianity they left have been so 
constantly caricatured to them ever 
since, that they have forgotten its 
reality. Why should they not be pitied 
and helped? Some of them were much 
at fault in letting themselves be led, 
of course ; some were willfully sinful 
in turning against the truth. Near- 
ly all have neglected the Word and 
so Satan has been able to blind their 
eyes. But the majority of them are 
as sincere in believing Mormonism 

as we are in believing Christianity, 
and must be dealt with on that basis 
if they are to be helped at all. 

Note a few incidents reported by 
our workers recently, illustrating 
this fact. A Missionary found a 
woman who had never heard a 
Christian sermon. Said she, "I 
have been here fifty-three years and 
never heard anything but Mormon- 
ism." Our booklets being explained 
as intended to help everyone to study 
out the truth for himself, she added, 
"That's just what we need around 

At our first meeting a woman 
stood all through the service. A 
Gentile woman told me that she was 
a Mormon and that this was the first 
time she had ever been to any other 
kind of a meeting than the Mor- 

Mrs. wasa Mormon. As I was 

leaving her house she remarked that 
she had been strongly impressed all 
summer whether she had the right 
religion or not. I immediately re- 
turned and found that she was an 
extremely hopeful case, but terribly 
ignorant about the Bible, never hav- 
ing read it, always having been a 



slave and drudge. She had no Bible 
so I gave her a Gospel. 

Speaking about a call on a Mor- 
mon woman, one of our helpers said: 
I asked her what she thought was 
the most essential thing to do in 
order to be saved ? Answer: Doing 
good works and living a righteous 
life and being baptized. I asked 
what she thought the new birth was ? 
Answer- I do not know what you 
mean. This question drew out how 
little they know about vital Christ- 
ianity and how they are in the dark 

tian services and work which prevails 
over great sections. One of our 
wagons traveled over 1,100 miles in its 
work from village to village during 
ten months, visiting about eighty-five 
settlements in a region as large as 
the whole State of Ohio ; but in hard- 
ly more than a dozen of these was 
there any Christian work. Many 
villages are twenty-five and even 
fifty miles from any Christian ser- 
vice. The writer has in mind a 
monogamous Mormon family in 
Idaho, of sixteen grown up children, 


about the real truths of God. 

Mrs. was a Mormon; was 

very anxious to know all there was 
as to how a person should give him- 
self to Christ. I read passage after 
passage to her from the Bible and 
she asked me to put them down on 
the blackboard for her. She asked 
numberless questions as to the truth 
and how to obtain it. I spent two 
hours answering them. 

Another thing which the mission- 
ary traveler willl be impressed with 
is the absolute restitution of Chris- 

of which probably not one ever at- 
tended a Christian service. The 
nearest church is eighteen miles 
away across desert sand and sage- 
brush and there has never been a 
transient service in the little village 
itself. A neighboring village of from 
1,200 to 1,500 people, never had a 
single Christian service until we 
came two years ago last summer. 
This county is over 100 by 50 miles 
in extent and has only the one church. 
The Utah Gospel Mission wagon 
work had visited about 382 post office 



places up to January 1905, of which 
about 270 were absolutely destitute 
of Christian work, and in about 100 
there had never been any done be- 
fore so far as inquiry could elicit. 
More than 100,000 people in Mor- 
mon villages have no local Christian 
work at all. In one of Utah's richest 
counties there are twenty-two vil- 
lages, of which sixteen, with about 
5,000 people, are destitute. The 
writer once traveled in our wagons 
225 miles, as far as from Cape Cod 
to the western Massachusetts line 
and further than from Cleveland to 

(Mormon name for a certain star.) 
"How far can he hear and see?" 
(Answered) "Well, then, if he can't 
hear and see any further than we 
can with our bodies, I don't see how 
he can be of much use to any of us. 
He can't hear or see us and can 
hardly know that we exist at all. I 
must have a true God who can hear 
me pray and can answer me and see 
all I do." "Why, that's all right; 
If you wanted to reach President 
McKinley, what would you do?" 
"Why, I'd probably write him a 
letter and send it by mail to the post- 


Cincinnati, passing through twenty- 
two villages, in not one of which was 
there any Christian work. Facts 
like these are too appalling to realize 
except by long actual experience in 
them. In every village is a Mormon 
service of course and all its machinery 
is whirring busily ; but to what ad- 
vantage may be gathered from the 
following incidents, showing some- 
thing of its result in Mormon belief 
and practice. 

From a missionary's conversation 
with a Mormon: "Where does the 
Mormon god live?" "On Kolob." 

office." "Well, God has just such a 
system as that." 

A newly returned elder, officious 
and resplendent in a fine Prince 
Albert coat, high collar and white 
tie, in addressing a large Mormon 
congregation gave this account of 
the origin of the Bible. "There 
was first a great meeting of bishops 
and others about the year 420, who 
collected the manuscripts which they 
thought ought to be in the Bible and 
so made the Catholic Bible. Some 
years later there was another meet- 
ing of the same sort of people, who 


threw out some of these and put in 
others; and later another meeting- 
threw out and put in some more, and 
even now the Lutheran Bible has a 
great deal more than the others have. 
Without present day inspiration we 
cannot tell whether what pretends to 
be the Bible is so or not. The Bible 
is not a sufficient guide to the soul. 
It does not tell whether women or 
men can baptize ; without special rev- 
elation we cannot tell. There are 
many books named in the Bible which 
are not in ours," hence ours is incom- 
plete and of little value and the 
priestly revelations are necessary. 

Bishop of has two wives 

living in houses adjoining. They 
are very proud of the fact and brag- 
ged to us about it. His father, who 
was formerly bishop, has two or 
three wives living with him in the 
same houses and no attempt is made 
to conceal the fact. He has 396 
living descendants. (1904) 

A daughter who was given a testa- 
ment, after a long talk and a seem- 
ingly genuine surrender to God, 
said, " The teacher in the Mormon 

Sunday school tells us stories about 
a man who is God and that there 
was another man who wanted to be 
God but they would not let him and 
that now there are many men who 
are gods." I asked her if she believed 
that. She said, " No, not now. Jesus 
is God and I love Him and 
will read this book every day. 
And I will just pass that bread 
and water, (referring to the Mor- 
mon sacrament which is passed 
through the congregation) on to 
the next one when it is passed to 

In discussion with Mr. Savage, a 
Mormon elder, after our meeting 
was over, I told him that Mormon 
doctrine taught that God was once a 
man and is now an exalted man. 
" Yes," he said. 

"Was he born?" "Yes." 

"Did he have a father and 
mother?" "Yes." 

"Did his father have a father?" 

"Then there must be a series of 
gods each one god begetting another 
god?" "Yes." 



"Who is this God who has been 
born and died and resurrected and 
is now an exalted man?" "God the 
Eternal Father." 

"Who is this God the Eternal 
Father?" "I-I-I don't know." 

"Is he Adam?" "Y-Y-Y-Yes." 

" Do you pray to Adam when you 
pray?" "Yes." 

"Do you render worship to Ad- 
am?" "Yes." 

"Does not the Scripture say God 
formed Adam out of the dust of the 
ground?" "Adam pre-existed and 
was a celestial being when God placed 
him in Eden." 

"Do pre-existing spirits have 
bodies ? " " Yes." 

"What kind of bodies?" "Spirit- 
ual bodies." 

"When do you believe the pre- 
existent spirit enters this body of 
flesh?" "When a babe?" "Yes, I 
think so." 

" Do spirits grow to the fulness of 
a fullgrown man ? " "I do not know, 
but I think so." 

"Will you please explain how a 
full grown spirit the size of a man, 
with a tangible body, can enter the 
body of a small babe ? " " The spirit 
is flexible and can be compressed." 

"Then it can be compressed like 
rubber and pressed into the babe?" 
" Well-I-don't know. Perhaps it is 
the same size as an infant babe. 
These are my opinions and not 

This elder has been teaching in 
public schools for years and I am 




told by a reliable party that he is a 
fairly well educated Mormon. (Every 
point of this is authorized Mormon 
doctrine, except the contraction idea 
which is left unexplained because 

Of course language is hardly ade- 
quate to condemn such doctrines 
sufficiently. But they form the warp 
and woof of Mormon teaching to- 
day, as they have done since Mor- 
monism became pagan in its idea of 
God, about seventy years ago. Less 
than two years ago the writer heard 
Smoot, the Senator who ought to be 
put out of the Senate, say twice 
over in a Mormon meeting, and with 
all emphasis: "There are hundreds 
of passages in the Bible which prove 
that there are many Gods! " 

Given such an abominable system, 
backed by a very zealous and genuine 
belief in 310,000 people, and we have 
a danger which is neither small nor 
safely to be ignored, whether as con- 
cerns the world in general or the 
souls of its adherents. For years 
Mormonism has had about one man 
to every one hundred and fifty of its 

whole population out " on a mis- 
sion," spreading the reign of Mor- 
monism, serving without salary, 
going from house to house and hold- 
ing meetings in spite of obloquy and 
often even of personal abuse. In 
the sheer bulk of their missionary 
effort, though so terribly false, they 
shame Christendom. If Christ's 
followers kept even one missionary 
in the field to every 150 of its adult 
church members there would not be 
a dark corner on earth in a decade! 
Yet the writer is told daily that per- 
sons "cannot do any more than they 
are doing! " Let us learn zeal from 
these emissaries of evil. 

It is with such a deluded people 
and such a devilish system as this 
that we must cope. It has more 
than doubled its adherents in the 
last fifteen years by this assiduously 
deceptive work and its natural birth 
increase. We have for thirty odd 
years sought to meet it by the com- 
paratively few Christian churches 
and schools in Utah. These have 
fought nobly and have done 'great 
good. It was as pastor of one of 



them, doing his level best for God 
and souls, that the writer, among 
others, became convinced that the 
broader, more penetrative and adapt- 
able instrumentality which later be- 
came the Utah Gospel Mission, in- 
corporated at Cleveland, Ohio, was 
necessary, if the great mass of the 
Mormon people were to be reached 
for God, and the great "Mormon 
problem " solved at all. Having 
now carefully visited two thirds of 
all the Mormon families, and had 
about 37,000 people at its meetings, 
the exceeding utility of this new 
work has been abundantly demon- 
strated; and while the ordinary 
methods of work are not in the least 
superseded by it, but are greatly 
helped instead, this work has more 
or less directly influenced probably 
not less than 250,000 Mormons who 
would not have been reached at all 
by any other evangelizing agency. 
And it has also reached them with a 
kind of truth that no other agency 
has felt that it could largely use, 
though most essential. 

Space will not permit any large 
setting forth of the results of this 
work. Suffice it to say that both the 
solution of the whole problem and 
the salvation of the Mormon people 
depend upon getting them to think- 
ing and studying the Word on the 
great fundamentals of Christian 

truth; that this can only be done by 
getting at the whole people by men 
and methods appealing to their own 
manhood and love of truth, and 
ideas of how missionary work should 
be done ; and the writer believes that 
if the work of the Utah Gospel Mis- 
sion could be enlarged so as to reach 
every settlement at least annually 
for fifteen or twenty years, enough 
truth would be accepted to make 
further belief in Mormon paganism 
impossible, and Mormonism would 
rapidly become a somewhat peculiar 
form of real Christianity. 

The following may illustrate how 
the work is often (though not by any 
means always) received: "Another 
elder who had returned from the 
same field and spoke earlier in the 
same day was of a very different 
type. He was plain, unassuming 
but able, clear in thought and to the 
point, and so contrary to usual Mor- 
mon doctrine on some points that he 
might have suffered for speaking as 
he did a few years ago — and may 
now. He urged the people to take 
our literature and study it and re- 
ceive the truth found therein, etc., 
and to the writer said privately 
(after reading our booklets), "That's 
right; set the people to thinking 
and get them to reading their 
Bibles" — just what we were trying 
to do. 



By F. L. Goodspeed, D.D. 

Pas/or Firs/ Congregational Church 

SPRINGFIELD, Massachusetts, 
where the seventy-ninth an- 
nual meeting of the Congre- 
gational Home Missionary Society 
is to be held on May 30th to June 
1 st, is " beautiful for situation." It 
is a prosperous and growing city of 
about seventy thousand people and 
for many years has been known as 
The City of Homes. Its citizens 
boast that it is the most attractive 
city for residence in New England. 
Situated on the banks of the Con- 
necticut, easy of access from all di- 
rections, in the midst of the largest 
group of New England colleges, 
characterized by a large degree of 
public spirit, with schools and libra- 
ries of the first order, with a civic 
ideal which keeps its affairs free from 
"graft" and seeks the largest wel- 
fare of its citizens, it is much sought 
as a desirable place for a home. No 
stain has ever rested upon those who 
manage its affairs; but it maintains 
a high plane of civic life and its offi- 
cials have always kept clean hands 
in all departments of its administra- 
tion. At the time of this meeting 
the Connecticut valley and the sur- 
rounding country will be full of the 
flush and charm of hastening spring. 
Springfield was settled in 1636 by 
William Pynchon and his colony 
who pushed out through the wilder- 
ness in their ox-carts from Roxbury 
and settled in what the Indians 
called Agawam. Pynchon gave the 
place the name of Springfield after 
his English home. He maintained 
friendly relations with the Indians 
and was respected and trusted by 
savages and settlers alike. He was 
a man of devout piety, and remark- 
able for scholarship, energy and 
wisdom. Ahead of his age in matters 
of religion, he became involved in 

theological dispute with his former 
neighbors in Roxbury. By them he 
was accused of "broaching and 
maintaining a damnable heresy," 
was deposed from his position of 
leadership and his book of four hun- 
dred and forty pages burned by the 
executioner in the public market- 
place in Boston. To save himself 
from further and more uncomfort- 
table courtesies of the same kind he 
finally retired to England where he 
died just as Charles II was coming 
to the throne. 

The first thought of the Pilgrim 
and Puritan on establishing a new 
settlement was for a church. And 
here as soon as the new settlers had 
cleared the ground, erected their 
fort and built their houses they made 
a solemn compact, the first article 
of which was as follows: " i stl y Wee 
intend by God's grace, as soon 
as we can, with all convenient 
speede to procure some Godly and 
faithful Minister, with whome we 
propose to joyne in church covenant 
to walk in all the ways of Christ." 
The First Church, with which the 
present meeting is to be held, was 
organized the next year, in 1637. 
It stands at the center of the city, 
on Court Square. The present build- 
ing, erected in 1819, is the third 
edifice which the church has had and 
stands near the original one. It has 
many historic associations and is 
the most precious memorial which 
Springfield possesses. During its 
life of 268 years it has had only 
eleven ministers, so that the average 
period of service is more than twenty- 
four years. Who can estimate the 
influence of this ancient institution 
in the intellectual, moral, charitable, 
reform and religious movements of 
the last two centuries and a half! 

Pastor First Church 

Pastor South Church 



Pastor Hope Church 

Springfield might almost be called 
the city of churches as well as the 
City of Homes. To-day it has thir- 
teen Congregational churches, of 
which number one is Swedish, one 
French and one for our colored 
brethren. In proportion to the 
population it is one of our Con- 
gregational strongholds. 

Space forbids more than a mention 
of beautiful Forest Park, the com- 
modious new high school, the art 
gallery with its treasures, and the 
library which is one of the best in 
the United States. In Merrick Park 
stands St. Gauden's statue of "The 
Puritan," commemorative of Deacon 
Samuel Chapin who often, in the ab- 
sence of the minister, "carried for- 
ward the Sabbath services" in the 
original First Church meeting-house. 
This statue of the Puritan as St. 
Gaudens has modeled him, with his 
broad brimmed hat, flowing cloak, 
foot upraised on his way to church, 
clasping his Bible in one hand and 
his stout stick in the other, serves to 
remind us that those old Puritans 
were the "sifted wheat" of God's 

kingdom up to that date and that 
even now their force in history is 

An arsenal had existed here during 
the Revolutionary war and was 
attacked on January 25, 1787 at the 
time of Shays' Rebellion. But the 
Springfield armory was established 
by Congress in 1794. Washington 
himself inspected and commended 
the site. The view from the arsenal 
tower Dickens declared to be the 
finest his eyes had ever beheld. It 
takes in a sweep of many miles, from 
Mt. Tom and Mt. Holyoke in the 
north to the gleaming white church 
spires away to the west and the south 
far across the river to the mountains 
in the dim distance. The armory is 
the largest industrial plant in the 
city. Eighteen hundred and fifty 
men are on the pay roll. The main 
arsenal building holds three hundred 
thousand stands of arms, and their 
gleaming barrels remind Longfellow 
of a row of organ pipes: 

1 ' This is the Arsenal. From floor to ceiling, 
Like a huge organ, rise the burnished 

But from the silent pipes no anthem pealing 
Startles the villages with strange alarm. 

Pastor North Church 



Oh! What a sound will rise, how wild and 
When the death angel touches these swift 
keys ! 
What loud lament and dismal Miserere 

Will mingle with those awful symphonies! 
Peace ! and no longer from its brazen portals 
The blast of War's great organ shakes the 
But beautiful as songs of the immortals, 
The holy melodies of love arise." 

its graduates, and is growing in 
equipment, endowment and in- 
fluence. Its graduates are found 
foremost in the work for young men 
both in this country and in Europe 
Here is situated also the French- 
American College, founded to give 
a Christian education to young men 
and women of foreign birth. With 


Two institutions kindred to our 
home missionary work must not be 
omitted in this brief sketch. The 
first is the International Young 
Men's Christian Association Train- 
ing School with its corps of able in- 
structors and its increasing body of 
students. This school has recently 
been empowered by the Massachu- 
setts Legislature to grant degrees to 

twenty-six thousand immigrants 
coming to us from across the sea 
every week — more than a million a 
year — it will readily be seen how 
close this institution stands to the 
great home missionary problem. 
Beside one lone Yankee, sixteen 
nationalities are at present represen- 
ted. The college aims to give in- 
struction in the branches usually 


taught in such institutions — and 
much more. It ministers to the 
whole life of these backward but as- 
piring peoples, and is not content 
until it has implanted a high ideal 
of home life, a pure Christianity, 
and a worthy American citizenship. 
Its atmosphere is intensely but in- 
telligently Christian. It is treating 
the problem of our foreign popula- 
tion from the root, and so guiding 
and developing all the forces of 
character that these people shall be 
equipped for life and for service in 
making and in keeping their adopted 
land Christian. This school only 

needs to be enlarged and endowed 
in order to make it one of the 
mightiest agencies in solving our 
most pressing missionary problems. 
Many and great are the questions 
to come before this meeting. The 
Church Building Society, Education 
Society and Sunday school and 
Publishing Society will share with 
us the time and the inspiration. Dr. 
Washington Gladden, moderator of 
the National Council, will preach 
the sermon. Able men from 
different parts of our Israel will 
speak their highest thoughts. 



America's Plague Spot 

THE surprising growth of Mor- 
mon ism gives reasonable 
alarm to every thoughtful 
citizen. To three causes this is 
chiefly due, namely : the crafty in- 
telligence of Mormon leaders; the 
proselyting industry of Mormon el- 
ders; and the stolid ignorance of the 
great mass of their deluded dupes. 
It is this powerful combination that 
has established in the heart of a 
Christian Republic, as pure a sur- 
vival of barbarism as can be found 
in the world to-day. Against this 
triumvirate of evil powers Christian 
schools and churches have been ar- 
rayed and while their power has been 
abundantly proven in Utah and 
surrounding territory, the fruits are 
small compared with those of some 
other missionary investments. 

Rev. John D Nutting, author of 
the leading article of this number, 
was for six years pastor of Plymouth 
Congregational Church, Salt Lake 
City, until his observation and ex- 
perience led him to the conviction 
that hundreds of thousands of Mor- 
mons are utterly beyond the reach 
of schools and churches as at present 
conducted, and that a vast field of 
primary education and fundamental 
teaching was open and must be occu- 
pied, in order to wage any hopeful 
conflict with the barbarism of the 
Mormon system. Thus he was led to 
give himself to a form of effort which 
up to this time had been wholly un- 
attempted. What success has been 
achieved is told in a modest way by 
the author and will be properly 
weighed and credited by the readers 
of The Home Missionarv. 

This magazine and the society it 
represents stand specifically for 
Church Planting, yet they have never 
refrained from acknowledging their 
indebtedness to all co-operating 

agencies; and in a problem so 
desperate as that which presents it- 
self in Utah and in every state and 
territory contiguous to it, and in 
certain sections of the country far 
removed from it, nothing that prom- 
ises the least defense against this 
monumental peril is unworthy of the 
thoughtful approval of the readers 
of The Home Missionarv. 

The Program 

The success of an Annual Meet- 
ing depends in a large measure upon 
its setting. Dr. Goodspeed on an- 
other page has described the beauti- 
ful setting of the coming anniversary 
of the Home Missionary Society. 
Let no one fail to read it. 

As to the program, it is still in- 
complete but some things are defini- 
tely fixed. Dr. Gladden, Moderator 
of the National Council, will preach 
the sermon. Dr. Choate will read a 
paper. Dr. Kingsbury of Idaho 
and Utah, Secretary of Systematic 
Benevolence, Rev. C. A. Northrop 
and the ever welcome Puddefoot 
will be among the speakers. Rev. 
Samuel H. Goodwin of Provo, Utah, 
will speak for the Education Society 
on some phase if the Mormon ques- 
tion. Dr. Charles R. Brown of 
Oakland, California, will represent 
the Pacific coast. The Young 
People's Movement under the direct- 
ion of Secretary Don O. Shelton 
will have able champions and wo- 
men's work will be represented by 
eloquent speakers. The Church 
Building Society and the Sunday 
School and Publishing Society have 
still to complete their program. 
Further particulars concerning the 
meeting and the arrangements for 
railroad transportation and hotels 
may be found in the weekly religious 




A Rhode Island friend writes: "Please find enclosed my 




t^ tS* 

These are the words of an aged member ok a New England 
Church: "It is proper that I should explain that when, four 
years ago, I arrived at the age of four score years, I SETTLED 





A Brooklyn friend who sends an extra contribution, writes 
a very sympathetic letter and closes with these words: "the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society doubtless has a great 
future yet before it and will win many trophies of victory 
under the leadership of the great head oe the church, who is 
never discouraged and shall see of the travail of hls soul and 
shall be satisfied." 

a connecticut friend who makes an extra offering expresses 
her sympathy and interest as follows: "i am very sorry for the 
great debt which seems to be resting upon our dear society. 
i wish it may be pressed more and more upon the hearts of all 
its friends until the whole is paid." 

One whose intent in the Society is deep, sends an additional 
offering, and expresses her interest in these words: "i am a 
friend of the congregational home missionary society and an 
interested reader of the home missionary. there is no cause 
that i am more interested in, but my means are limited so i 

cannot do as i would be glad to do, enclosed please find $ 

with best wishes for the prosperity of the society." 





AT the coming Annual Meeting 
of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society to be held 
at Springfield, Massachusetts, May 
30-June 1, an entire evening session 
will be given to addresses on topics 
of vital interest to Congregational 
young people. It is greatly desired 
that, as far as possible, each young 
people's society in Springfield and 
vicinity shall attend this session in 
a body, and that young people's 
societies in New England shall send 
representatives who will remain 
through the entire session of the 
convention. Detailed information 
respecting the plans for this impor- 
tant meeting will be sent to mem- 
bers of missionary committees early 
in May, and to others on request. 


On another page Mr. Vickrey 
writes with fervor and point on the 
young people's missionary confer- 
ence to be held at Silver Bay on July 
21 to July 30. We earnestly hope 
that a large number of Congrega- 
tional young people's societies in 
the East will send delegates to this 
very important gathering. Early 
application should be made, for the 
accommodations of the Silver Bay 
hotel are limited. Among the 
speakers announced are the follow- 
ing: Hon. Samuel B. Capen, Presi- 
dent John F. Goucher, Bishop James 

M. Thoburn, Mr. Robert S. Speer, 
Mr. John R. Mott and Mr. John 
Willis Baer. 

The recreation facilities at Silver 
Bay are unusually good and there 
will be abundant opportunity for the 
study of the Bible and of Missions, 
and for personal conferences with 
teachers and leaders. 

It will give us pleasure to send, 
upon request, a copy of an illus- 
trated booklet containing a full an- 
nouncement of the plans for the 


It gives us great pleasure to an- 
nounce the preparation by the Rev. 
Ernest Bourner Allen, of Toledo, 
Ohio, of an admirable programme 
for use in young people's meetings 
on Sunday, June 25. On that day 
a home mission topic is to be con- 
sidered, "Our national Heritage." 

The programme is illustrated and 
suggests hymns and topics for pre- 
sentation at the meeting. It also 
contains responsive readings and 
suggestions for the decoration of 
the room in which the meeting may 
be held. 

It is expected that this unique 
programme will be ready for distri- 
bution by May 27. Its use will in- 
sure a meeting of deep interest and 
of great profit. 

Copies will be furnished all Con- 
gregational young people's societies 
free of charge. The rate for post- 
age will be three cents per dozen. 


By C. V r . Vickrey 

Secretary Young People's Missionary Movement 


AM in Cuba to-day because I 
was at Silver Bay last Sum- 
mer," is the statement of a 
letter recently received in the office 
of the Young People's Missionary 
Movement, and the writer of the 
letter is but one of the scores, now 

laboring in various missionary lands, 
who first caught their vision of the 
"fields white unto the harvest" at 
these summer gatherings at Silver 
Bay, Asheville and other centers. 
Scores have sailed, but hundreds un- 
able to go in person to the field have 
returned to their home churches 
with higher ideals of Christian stew- 
ardship and greater efficiency in ser- 
vice than they hadeverknown before. 

A secretary of one of the largest 
boards in America, wrote to the 
President of his board that "almost 
without exception, wherever a strong 
work has been discovered this year 
in any young people's society, the 
causes have been traced immediately 
to the summer conference of last 
year or the year before." 

Young people's organizations are 
coming to recognize the necessity of 
trained leaders and the value of the 
Silver Bay, Asheville and similar 
conferences in supplying leaders. 

One of the foremost pastors of 
America, whose church for two years 
has been strongly represented at 
Silver Bay, recently said, "that he 
would favor asking his session to 
appropriate or raise $300 if need be 
this year, in order to send a strong 
delegation of workers to this sum- 
mer training school;" and he ex- 
pressed his conviction based upon 
the experience of the past two years, 
that the money would return to the 
church many fold in the form of in- 
creased missionary contributions, to 
say nothing of the vastly more im- 
portant return in the form of deeper 
and richer spiritual life and general 
quickening of all the activities of the 

The program of the Silver Bay 
Conference this year promises to be 
even more helpful than in previous 



The opening session of each day 
will be spent in quiet devotional 
Bible study, under the leadership of 
Bishop James M. Thoburn of India, 
who has consented to serve as the 
conference pastor. This will be 
followed by an hour of conference 
concerning approved methods of 
work in young people's societies and 
Sunday schools. The third session 
of the day will be given to home and 
foreign mission study classes, the 
class for the study of home missions 
being taught by Mr. Don O. Shelton 
and the class for the study of for- 
eign missions, by Dr. A. W. Halsey. 
At eleven o'clock each day, there 
will be symposiums on vital topics, 
or one or more platform addresses by 
prominent speakers, on missionary 
or devotional themes. Among those 
who have already given assurance of 
their willingness to assist on the pro- 
gram, are the following: Hon. Sam- 
uel B. Capen, President John F. 
Go u c he r , 
James M . 
Mr. Robert 
E . Spee r , 
Mr. John R. 
Mott, Dr. 
F. Mason 
North, Dr. 
Stephen J . 
Herben, Dr. 
William M. 
Bell, Dr. A. 
L. Phillips, 
Dr. E. E. 
Chivers, Dr. 
R. P. Mac- 
kay, Dr. A. 
W. Halsey, 
Messrs. Von 
Ogden Vogt, 

John Willis Baer, F. P. Haggard, 
Harry Wade Hicks, Don O. Shelton, 
John W. Wood, Harry S. Myers, and 
Dr. F. C. Stephenson. The after- 
noons will be devoted to rest and 
recreation, with an almost ideal en- 
vironment of mountain and lake. 
The evening hour will be occupied 
by an out-of-door vesper service, 
followed by denominational group 
meetings, where denominational rep- 
resentatives may formulate, under 
the guidance of their denominational 
leaders, plans for theworkof theyear. 
The music of the Conference this 
year will be in charge of the associa- 
tion male quartette of Iowa, perhaps 
the most sympathetic and effective 
organization of male voices in 
America in the rendition of sacred 

The dates of the Conference are 
from Friday evening July 21st to and 
including Sunday, July 30th. 

An illustrated booklet giv- 
ing further- 
ing speak 
e r s, rail- 
road rates 
and other 
details of 
the Confer- 
ence, will be 
sent free of 
charge up- 
on applica- 
tion to the 
tional Home 
Society, 287 
Fourth ave- 
n ue, N e w 
York City, 
New York. 



By Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, A.M. 

Field Secretary of ///,■ Congregational //our Missionary Society 

AM( )NG all the King's Trump- 
eters I have known, the sub- 
ject of this sketch must rank 
first with me, because he was the 
man that found me. I had been 
drawn into the Red Ribbon Move- 
ment inaugurated by Dr. Reynolds, 
and I was asked to give chalk talks 
on the subject. I little knew of the 
size of the State of Michigan, or I 
should never have ventured to go 
from Owosso to Otsego Lake and 
Gaylord. But, once started, I kept 
on, although it took all my money 
but a few cents, to pay for my ticket 
to Gaylord. I remember how crest- 
fallen I felt when I thought of my 
family at home and my business at 
a standstill. I met Rev. Mr. King 
at Bay City, who engaged me to 
speak at Standish on my return. 
At Otsego Lake the collection was 
enough to pay my return trip. 

When I reached the new county 
town of Gaylord, I found the only 
place to speak in was a small hall 
above a grocery, and that was en- 
gaged with a trial for larceny. The 
people had forgotten the lecture. 
There was no church, only a lot full 
of stumps. The school house was 
unfinished. I gave three little boys 
a cent apiece to advertise my 
arrival and I had the hall full in the 
evening. Rev. Abram Van Auken 
had come eight miles through the 
dense forests to hear me. In the 
morning he said to me: "I have 
been telling the people here to give 
you a call." "A what?" I answered. 
"A call to become their pastor, but 
they want me to stay another year." 
" Don't you know you ought to be 
preaching?" "Yes." "Well why are 
you not?" "The way is not open 
yet," I answered; "when the Lord 

opens the way I am ready to march !" 
"Well, he will open it pretty soon!" 
" Do you know Superintendent War- 
ren?" "No." "Well he is the State 
Superintendent for Home Missions." 
" I don't know anything about Home 
Missions." "Well, you soon will;" 
and he proved himself a Prophet. 

I think I will let him tell his own 
story. It was news to me that he 
passed through such a struggle in 
order to tell me I must go and preach 
the Gospel. He writes: 

I was born in Albany County, New York, 
in 1844. My father was a farmer and moved 
to a new farm in Cayuga County and there 
I remained until I united with the army 
and served three years. I was sun struck, 
and had yellow fever which has always 
affected my health very much. I became 
a Christian at the age of sixteen. Soon 
after my conversion I felt that I ought to 
be a minister. While in the army I saved 
my money to educate myself for the work 
to which I felt God had called me. At the 
close of the war I entered. Olivet College, 
in Michigan, but in a short time I was com- 
pelled to leave on account of heart trouble. 
I then returned to the farm and tried to 
abandon the thought of the ministry. This 
I could not do any more than one can hide 
himself from himself. I fought convictions 
until the fall of 1S76, when I said, Lord I 
will go anywhere, and immediately the way 
opened and I took work at Gaylord. God 
greatly blessed the labors of my pastorate 
while there. I was pastor of almost the 
whole county. I built the first church in 
the county. One afternoon, while living 
eight miles from Gaylord, I drove to town 
to a temperance lecture by W. G. Pudde- 
foot. After the lecture I went home with 
Bro. C. C. Mitchell to remain for the night. 
That night God by His spirit drove sleep 
from my eyelids, and told me a duty I must 
do. I fought the Spirit by every conceive- 
able argument until nearly daylight, 
when I gave up to His mastery and said. 
I will do your bidding. I was to go and 
speak to W. G. Puddefoot and tell him 
that God wanted him in the ministry. Up- 
on delivering my message his whole being 
lighted up with a brightness that at once 



assured me I had made no mistake, and in 
less than three months he was in charge of 
a church, and his great success is one strong 
evidence to me that God still speaks direct 
to men. 

I said my pastorate nearly covered Otse- 
go County; yes, and a part of Charlevoit. 
At one time 1 was called upon to attend a 
funeral, eighteen miles away. Through 
the dense forest I went nine miles of the 
way on a foot trail alone, carrying a lantern, 
Bible and hymn book; after ten o'clock at 
night I walked back all the way after 
service through a rain storm. I served 
Gaylord and vicinity for four years, when 
I went to Vanderbilt ; you know of my work 
here, how I cut and hauled logs for the 
Tabernacle and that in the cold of a Michi- 
gan winter. We built the church after 
everyone said we could not. 

I assisted Superintendent Warren as 
general missionary for six or seven years, 
traveling the highways on foot and horse- 
back. I built a church at Christy Station, 
a church and parsonage at Maple City, a 
church at Old Mission. At this time I was 
the pastor of each place and looked after 
the building of several others while I was 
general missionary. Fourteen years ago my 
health failed me and I returned to the 
occupation of my childhood. 

But Bro. Van Auken's labors did 
not end here. While on his farm he 
still had to preach. Forty-five miles 
away was a little church on the point 
of collapse and for some months he 
made the ninety-mile round trip to 

save it. Often he has walked thirty- 
five miles through snow and slush 
eight inches deep. He can do but 
little reading or writing on account of 
his heart trouble, but there are other 
things he can do and he has done 
more than most men under such 
limitations. Altogether he has raised 
seven children. They were provi- 
dentially thrown in his way. The 
first was an orphan boy who lived 
about five years; the next was a little 
girl that he took care of for twelve 
years; the next a boy of two who re- 
mained with him until twenty-four 
years of age. The first girl was 
married and had four children. She 
died when the youngest was about a 
year old, and the eldest thirteen. 
He at once took the four into his 
home, three girls and one boy. One 
girl is now married and the three 
left are still with him — and all this 
from a man in poor health and whose 
heart troubles him. May the good 
Lord send the same heart troubles 
to some more of his flock. If the 
good people who profess love to their 
Lord, would take care of seven 
needy souls, how many needy souls 
would there be left? 

WE are not asking our Lord to do our will, but as those com- 
mitted and called to His service, we are asking Him to do 
His own will and glorify His own name. Yea, the associa- 
tion is closer and more intimate. Like our Lord we should do 
nothing by ourselves. We should be in his hand to be guided, 
taught, energized. Yea, more, we should seek before service, such 
close fellowship that we feel His hand upon us, thrusting us forth 
for this work. And, therefore, we should expect and look for and 
count upon answers. Of course the issues of all work are in the 
sovereign hand of God. But his faithfulness will never fail. We 
should expect to see signs following. For ambassadors to toil on 
without any anxiety as to what God is to have from his testimony 
through us, shows in the messenger careless indifference to the 
results of his mission, insensibility to the needs of men. — Rev. John 
Smith, M. A., in "The Magnetism of Christ." 

By Mrs. Busybody 

1 OFTEN wonder when I read of 
the fare (pictured always as 
poor) of home missionaries, 
what kind of people they live among. 
We read: " The minister was trying 
to fry some beans" (uncooked at 
that); "We had only bread for 
dinner;" "No butter for three 
months;" "Potatoes, salt and pep- 
per all we had to live on." 

The small boy gave as his reply- 
to the question, "What is the chief 
end of man ? " " To glorify God and 
annoy Him forever." I sometimes 
feel that the chief end of home mis- 
sionary life, as pictured, is to be 
poor and starve. But to all this 
there is another side which ought to 
be brought out. For fourteen years 
we have been right on the frontier; 
salary ranging from five to eight 
hundred dollars. From this we have 
given our tenth, educated a boy at 
college, kept a horse and horses, 
paid fuel bills, etc., and all moving 
expenses. Therefore we have had 
no chance for over-eating on the 
remainder. There were many times 
when it has been a cross to hear 
ladies discuss the strawberries they 
have eaten in their homes, and there 
were none in ours. But in every 
place there has always been that 
" Rock in a weary land," always 
some one or many to remember the 
pastor's family. 

At F. were the S. S. S., and what 
they brought and sent was good not 
only for the blood, as the advertise- 
ment reads, but good for the heart 
and soul as well. At D. was the C. 
family and only the Lord knows 
how much they sent or how timely 
and acceptable their gifts. Out on 
the prairie was the B. family, poor 
but so good and so kind; always 
something for the minister's family 
when we called. I always felt 
guilty to accept, but it was so freely 
given and would have hurt so to be 

refused! In H. there were our 
two Welsh families; great, strong, 
hearty men. They liked good things 
and liked to share them generously 
with the pastor and his family. The 
hardest part of leaving that town 
was to give up this brotherly kind- 

But in O., though we landed in a 
veritable hornet's nest, we were 
never in a place where there was 
such generosity. We even laid aside 
a thank offering for gifts we re- 
ceived and were able to make a 
respectable offering to a good cause. 
I sometimes feel that too many of 
us have the spirit of " I need that 
myself" and do not scatter enough. 
In our life we have emphasized the 
giving side and that perhaps ac- 
counts for the many returns we 
have received. 

This week I gave some eggs to a 
poor woman. She disliked to accept 
them, saying, "You cannot afford 
it." Alas, I knew better than she 
the emaciated condition of our 
finances, but I told her some one 
would give me something in return, 
little thinking how soon the promise, 
"Give and it shall be given unto 
you," would be fulfilled. Calling at 
a farm house the next day, I was 
given meat enough to last our family 
a week; and almost invariably this 
has been the case. The full measure 
is sure to come. I nearly ruined 
my eyesight looking for pay day 
as a minister's wife. (You see I had 
been used to a pay day in the city 
schools and found it a hard lesson 
to give up looking and make the 
best of things). I once heard a 
gentleman say, "No home missions 
for me ; I know too well how hard it 
is to live. Mother and I used to 
plan and plan and plan again how 
to get along." Remembering those 
words, I resolved that if there were 
a bright side my children should see 



it, and if there were any way to 
provide good food my children 
should have it. First I know how 
to cook and nothing is wasted. We 
always have a good garden, keep a 
cow and chickens and lately added 
pigs to the establishment. The cow 
furnishes the larger part of the food 
for the pigs; the garden feeds the 
cow; part of the pigs were traded 
for beef, the other part went for 
groceries. A little tar paper made 
the hen house so warm that eggs 
have been plentiful all winter. And 
so with our own meat, our own 
milk and eggs and vegetables, it has 

been comfortable, though it has not 
been easy. A poor half-fed horse is 
no credit to his owner, and I always 
feel that I am responsible in a meas- 
ure for my heavenly Father's repu- 
tation as a caretaker. 

Let's stop talking about the lack 
and share with others as God pros- 
pers us. I do not wonder that sem- 
inary graduates shrink from such a 
prospective diet. People are the 
same the world over, and wherever 
there is a church, there must be 
some spirit of Christ and you as 
pastor will be sure to have a share 
in it. 


"The Auxiliaries of the Vermont Women's Home Missionary Union 
have been using "Leavening the Nation" with interest and profit during 
the winter. A six month's study was arranged by the program committee. 
One hundred and twenty-eight copies of the book have been sold. It has 
met a need which the officers of the Union have been facing for some time. 
Papers based upon the separate chapters have been prepared and read and 
in one Auxiliary thirty-five different women have participated in the 
meetings." — H. L. V. P. 


THE June number of this magazine will be held back 
until the middle of that month in order to include 
a full report of the springfield meeting. 

In accordance with the announcement found on the 
second page of the cover, the july and august numbers 
will be omitted, and the next issue following that of 
June will be the September number, coming out near the 
close of August. 

For the full notice of railroad rates, Springfield 
hotels and boarding houses, and for all particulars of 


By Rev. E. Lyman Hood, Ph.D. 

"God buries his workmen, but continues his work." 


N the old 
Reserve, in 
Talmadge, Ohio, 
March 12, 1853, 
the subject of this 
sketch was born. 
The lad inherited 
the honored tradi- 
tions of a New 
England ancestry. 

EDWARD HAUGHTON ^ parents moved 
ASHMUN. f . T 

to Weeping Water, 
Nebraska, when Edward was seven- 
teen, then a typical prairie town of 
the earlier days. The increasing 
needs and opportunities of the rising 
state appealed to him; and in due 
time, he consecrated his life to the 
Gospel ministry. Tabor College at- 
tracted the ambitious youth, where 
he was graduated in 1879, from which 
he went to Yale Divinity School. In 
the class of 1882, including among its 
thirty-two members, Arthur D. 
Bissell, W. W. Jordan, Edward M. 
Noyes and John E. Tuttle, Ashmun 
won the respect of the able teachers 
and the love of his classmates. 

The missionary fields of his home 
state Nebraska, were the scene of 
his first labors in the ministry, where 
he served as pastor the churches in 
Syracuse and Beatrice. The congre- 
gations, now strong and helpful, still 
cherish the memories of his pastor- 
ates. It was in the Boulevard Church, 
Denver, Colorado, however, that 
time and place united to give his 
ministry the largest and most per- 
manent results. And with much 
reluctance, the church gave up their 
pastor as he entered upon the sup- 
erintendency of the work of the 
Society in New Mexico and Arizona, 
relieving the writer. Eight years, 
1893-1901, in these territories he 

faithfully served amidst conditions 
at once trying and disheartening. 
After brief pastorates in Jerome, 
Arizona, and Weiser, Idaho, failing 
health compelled him to seek the 
lower altitudes of the Pacific Coast. 
In Berkeley, California, the seat of 
the great State University, Decem- 
ber 21, 1904, he entered into the rest 
of Paradise. 

The features of his busy and use- 
ful life are many. He was a diligent 
student of the Bible and a forceful 
preacher of the Gospel. His "hobby" 
was land shells and in conchology he 
was an acknowledged authority; his 
private collection being one of the 
largest in the country. In his early 
ministry he married Miss Anna Ly- 
man, who has been a willing help- 
mate through all the years. Since 
the death of her husband, she has 
written: " I have received so many 
good letters; and they are indeed a 
comfort to both my son and myself 
But it seems a strange providence 
which took him, who was so strong, 
and leaves me to fight the battle 
alone." Superintendent J. D.Kings- 
bury, his successor on the wide field, 
has said: "He was a man greatly 
beloved, earnest, tactful, spiritual, 
full of faith, gentle in spirit, modest, 
unswerving in his fidelity, and his 
life was filled up with service of love 
and good works. 

Yes, "God buries his workmen 
but continues his work." So de- 
clares the beautiful marble cenotaph 
at Westminster Abbey, erected to 
the memory of John and Charles 
Wesley. ,One by one, after heroic 
endeavor and patient self-sacrifice, 
the volunteers on the firing line, 
where the fight is hottest, are called 
from the service of earth — God 
continues the work. 


Evergreen Florida 

IN the nature of things Florida 
home missions are peculiar and 
exceptional. The very seasons 
are confused, but church life is per- 
haps less disturbed in the revolutions 
of the year than upon most of our 
fields. Says Rev. D. A. Simmons 
of western Florida: 

It is winter here, which means that relig- 
ious ardor is somewhat chilled. It has been 
a custom, which sometimes seems an un- 
changeable one, that revivals and additions 
to the churches occur during the warm 
months, and all we can hope to do during 
the winter is to keep the church alive and 
working as a moral and spiritual force. 
But our prayer meeting at Westville has 
long been an "evergreen" and it is now 
more prosperous than ever. The songs, the 
scriptural readings, the prayer and cordial 
surroundings bring together every Wednes- 
day evening a congenial congregation. 
Our young people take much interest in this 
branch of the work and if there is a visitor 
in town, he is likely to be seen at the Con- 
gregational church on Wednesday evening. 
The Westville Sunday school also is well 
supported and never goes into winter 
quarters or summer encampment. The 
ministers in West Florida have entered in- 
to a federation to promote the evangeliz- 
ing of this part of the state and will begin 
work immediately. We hope that much 
good will follow. The move was planned 
by Superintendent Gale and it is his pur- 
pose to be with us at every church. 

Several Reasons for Encourage- 

Nearly every report from our wide- 
spread field has some note of en- 
couragement showing a revived con- 
dition in the heart of the pastor and 
among his people. Says a faithful 
worker in South Dakota: 

The schoolhouse was full on Sunday even- 
ing and a few of the miners stood upon 
their feet during the whole service, al- 
though they were pretty tired after a hard 
day's work in the mines. My heart was 
made glad to see a man whom I had invited 
several times to meeting, walk into the 
schoolhouse with his whole family, consist- 

ing of six, he carrying the baby who was 
but four months old, in his arms. They 
had walked nearly two miles to attend this 
service, and it was the first he had been 
present at for years. At the close he spoke 
to me and requested that his children, the 
youngest, might be baptized. His heart 
was evidently touched and softened under 
the influence of the Holy Spirit. 

On one of my fields lives a man who is 
believed to be an infidel. He admits him- 
self that he has no use for preachers, but 
was frank enough to confess that he had a 
liking for me and is proving it by sending 
me many good things for the table and say- 
ing, you know where to come for more. He 
is a kind hearted man and would make a 
strong Christian if his eyes were opened to 
the light. I have been much cheered by a 
conversation with Mr. B. the manager of the 
mine. He is more than pleased that the 
Society has kept a man on the ground. So 
good has been the effect upon the camp 
that the company are willing to donate the 
land and put up a church building. One 
man has asked to be relieved from duty 
on Sunday from his camp, in order that he 
may be present and take part at divine 

Winning the Young 

This magazine is always glad to 
record special efforts for the welfare 
of the boys and girls. Rev. Edward 
F. Green, of Corvallis, Oregon, has 
proved the value of this form of en- 

Having been led to believe that special 
efforts in behalf of the younger element of 
the congregation would be appreciated, we 
have been directing our labors toward them. 
Short services have been instituted for the 
children in connection with the opening of 
the morning service, They have also been 
formed into a choir by Mrs. Green, to do 
the singing for this children's service. As 
a consequence of this work, our church is 
beginning to take on a newness of life and 
is becoming a young people's church. Ten 
of the younger ones came in on January ist, 
followed by five more on the 8th and still 
more are coming. All this work is the 
more important because we are sending 
away our young people continually. They 
marry and go to the larger cities to labor 
there for the kingdom, while we are left 
here to dig the rough material from the 
quarry and to shape it into men and women, 
"Fit for the Master's use made meet." 



A male quartette has been organized from 
the student body of the college here and 
has been the means of drawing students to 
church on Sunday evening. Of the entire 
body of students there are said to be about 
one hundred who attend church and we get 
a third of them, sometimes more. In this 
way we succeed in leavening some of the 
lump, Mrs. Green gave a dinner at the 
close of the term to all the boys who at- 
tended our church. It was a delightful 
evening and two of them have since united 
with the church. 

A Slavic Thanksgiving 

It was a Thanksgiving of the old 
fashion, which Rev. Paul Jamarikof 
Minnesota describes in the following 

On the last Thanksgiving day the whole 
church, after attending services in the 
morning, partook of a common dinner in 
the house of one of our brethren. Each 
person at the table had one of God's 
promises of blessing from the Bible, under 
his plate, and after dinner, all having been 
seated in a circle, they read their verses to 
those present and followed the reading 
with reasons for their thankfulness to God. 
We have among us many who were yet 
struggling with the primeval forest, with- 
out homes worth speaking of, without bread 
often, paying off mortgages on their 
property and enduring hardships of every 
kind. Yet you should have seen them 
praying with the tears running down their 
faces, thanking God, not for earthly riches 
of which they had so little, but for His 
wonderful way of leading and keeping them 
in the spirit of meekness and obedience. 
The whole afternoon was spent in prayer 
and testimony. 

Most of our members were recruited from 
the Lutheran Church, where numerous 
holy days are kept, and the people, though 
new in spirit, are conservative as to the old 
usages. Thus we had services the day 
following Christmas, and on the day of the 
arrival of the Magi and other such holy 
days. But I tried to turn them to great 
spiritual advantage by the reading of the 
Word and by meetings for prayer. This 
may look like putting new wine into old 
bottles, but it is not quite so because the 
bottles themselves were first renewed. 

Save The Boys 

We are glad to record every in- 
stance where hopeful attempts are 
made for the boys and girls. There 
is no soil so rich, there is no work 
so hopeful, there is no fruit so pre- 

cious as is to be found along that 
line. Says Rev. H. W. Johnson, of 
West Duluth, Minnesota: 

Our newest direct work is an organiza- 
tion for boys — Boys' Club it is called. As 
we have no Y. M. C. A. at this end of the 
city, the need of something along this line, 
in a moderate way, for bringing boys of 
from twelve to sixteen into affiliation with 
the church is obvious. The leader is a 
young Christian man skilled in the man- 
agement of boys and a very interesting 
group of them meet every Wednesday 
evening at the church rooms and spend an 
evening in doing scroll work in addition to 
business and social features. We hope good 
results will follow these efforts. 

Sunday Eggs for Home Missions 

Both the spirit and the letter of 
the following we heartily commend. 
It comes from the grand old State of 
Iowa and brings good cheer to the 
Missionary Rooms. What if this 
spirit were to abound in all our 
states and churches? Would not all 
our missionary treasuries be full? 

Because of business reverses, a family 
consisting of father, mother, two sons and 
a daughter, concluded that it would be bet- 
ter to remove from their home and try new 
surroundings. Accordingly the little re- 
maining property was invested in a farm, 
and a mortgage assumed as part payment. 
The mother of the house had been a mem- 
ber of the missionary society in the old 
home town. She had often been interested 
in reading of farm women having "mis- 
sionary hens." It seemed to her, as the 
care of the hens and chickens was to be her 
work, that she would like to save a part of 
the income from them for missions. So 
she decided one day to put aside for this 
purpose all eggs gathered on Sunday. 

" But, my dear," the objection was made, 
"how can we get along without them? 
You know our expenses are great in getting 
started and we have no other income from 
the farm until we have raised a crop." 

The eggs were traded at the store mainly 
for groceries. But the mother, hopeful that 
the times might be easier in the future, 
counted the Sunday eggs and carried out 
the price, meaning if the time ever came 
when it was possible to pay the debt, to do 
so. This account was kept four years. 
Last year the older son was able to teach at 
the country school. He insisted on staying 
at home and paying his board, although, to 
do so. he must walk six miles a day. At 
the end of each month, when the board 



money was paid, a sum equal to the income 
from the Sunday eggs was set aside. At 
the end of the year this amounted to some- 
thing over nine dollars, which was divided 
among several of our Congregational Soci- 
eties. On summing up the whole amount 
received for eggs, it was found that there 
were ten dollars more than had been re- 
ceived any previous year. 

The reader may draw his own conclu- 
sions. The amount for the three years that 
were not paid was $30.02. Ten years have 
elapsed since then and in all that time it 
has not been possible to spare this sum. 
But it has seemed a debt and, though there 
is not yet sufficient income to provide for 
this extra, it is taken from the little sum 
that has been set aside as capital, and the 
mother now sends it to the Home Mission- 
ary Society in its time of great need. 

The Old Question 

When will all branches of the 
Christian church so respect one 
another and be so jealous for the 
honor of the Master that they will 
firmly resist every temptation to or- 
ganize a church of their own, which 
may result in weakening a sister 
church of some other denomination? 
We are grateful that complaints on 
this score are less frequent than for- 
merly, but the following action of a 
Congregational church, which shall 
be nameless, reveals the continued 
existence of an evil: 

Whereas it appears from a statement in 
the local paper that it is intended to organ- 
ize a church in this town, and as, in 

our judgment, such a step would be an un- 
necessary division of Christian forces in the 
community, it is therefore resolved that we 
hereby respectfully submit that the popu- 
lation of this town does not warrant the 
addition of another church organization ; 
and further, we express the hope that in 
this matter a spirit of Christian comity will 
prevail so as to prevent any impairment of 
the churches already established here. 

Says the pastor reporting this action of 
his church; " In a population of about 450, 
where the Roman Catholics number any- 
where from 150 to 200 there seems no 
reason for such a division of Christian 

The New Year at Matanzas 

Rev. E. P. Herrick our senior 
worker in Cuba enters hopefully 
upon a new year of effort in Matan- 

zas. Signs of promise and some real 
difficulties are revealed in the follow- 

The priests have been very active sowing 
tares of prejudice and misrepresenting our 
work. They have not succeeded in greatly 
reducing the attendance at our preaching 
services but have hurt our Sunday school 
somewhat. We are hoping to build it up by 
visitation. The continued interest of the 
young people is full of promise for the 
future. We continue to have the largest 
attendance of young people of any Pro- 
testant church in the city. 

The authorities are still very friendly, 
giving police aid whenever desired in the 
interest of good order. Our proximity to 
the hospital where from one hundred and 
twenty to one hundred and sixty patients 
are cared for, has enabled us to do some 
work among the sick, some of whom have 
shown their appreciation by attending our 
services as they become convalescent. 

Opposite the mission house are the bar- 
racks of the rural guard. From sixty to 
ninety soldiers are stationed there and a 
goodly number of them frequent our ser- 
vices. I have promised to preach special 
sermons for their benefit. From these 
head-quarters they scatter over the prov- 
ince. The new winter-campaign is open 
and we enter upon it full of hope, trusting 
that the Lord may enable us to garner pre- 
cious sheaves, in His Name. 

The Country Church a Feeder 

The testimony of Rev. G. W. 
Grupe of Riceville, Pennsylvania, 
helps to confirm the claim that the 
feeble country churches are of more 
importance to the world than they 
sometimes have credit for being. 
Says Mr. Grupe: 

May I take this opportunity of adding a 
little to the general testimony as to the 
value of the rural field as a feeder. In the 
two churches of which I am pastor, both of 
which together scarcely number one hun- 
dred resident members, there are now 
three students in college, while seven others 
are taking work in lower grades. All these 
ten students are away from home and all of 
them are members of one or the other of 
these two churches. They are scattered 
from Andover, Massachusetts, in the east, 
to Elyria, Ohio, in the west. And so every- 
where east and west, north and south are 
receiving of the life of our churches and I 
am sure that so long as such facts can be 
established the country can scarcely be in- 
different to the conditions of our city life, 
for we are surely doing our best to train up 
good material only to see it go out to 
impress and be impressed by the world. 


A Word to the Thoughtful 

WE have the pleasure of know- 
ing that the new depart- 
ment, "Women's Work 
and Methods " is proving acceptable 
and useful to a large number of our 
home missionary workers. Yet we 
are far from satisfied. If all women 
at present organized for home mis- 
sion study and effort in the United 
States, were to be numbered, they 
would constitute of themselves a 
considerable army, a large propor- 
tion within Congregational lines. 

Some of them are to be found in 
college associations, some gathered 
under the name of clubs and guilds, 
others known as unions and 
auxiliaries. Quite a number are 
organized for the broad promotion 
of missions, both home and foreign. 
They are all potential of vast ac- 
complishment but as yet they are 
mostly strangers to each other. The 
lack of a certain unity, federation, 
fellowship, or, for the want of a 
better term, that esprit dc corps, 
which every army must have if it 
wins the victory, is painfully mani- 
fest. The Home Missionary maga- 
zine offers to all these disjecta mem- 
bra, a rallying point for united 
action and mutuality of interest. 

If every woman of this great army, 
after reading these words would sit 
down and thoughtfully inquire ; 
"What have /to contribute for the 
benefit of my fellow-workers? " 
"What do /need to know of their 
methods and successes?" "What 
question have /to ask for my own 
enlightenment?" " What fact, inci- 
dent, experience of my own, would 
add to the general store of home 
missionary knowledge? " Such ques- 
tions would be the beginning of a 
common life. Rivers deep and broad 
start from such little springs. In 

these ways we still hope to make 
"Women's Work and Methods" a 
helpful exchange of home missionary 
news, and a real value and inspira- 
tion to the ministering women of our 
churches; but its success is wholly 
in their hands. 

Are You Making the Best Use 
of It 

Considerable labor is expended up- 
on every number of The Home Mis- 
sionary to make it of use to the 
women and the young people and all 
others who are attempting a syste- 
matic study of Home Missions. 
" From the Front Line " is a depart- 
ment full of suggestive material. 
Are you making the best use of it ? 
It is an inside view of the work of 
the home missionary and the life of 
his church. Indeed there is scarcely 
a page of the monthly magazine that 
cannot be utilized for study. Do 
you realize this ? 

One subscriber, a lady of the East, 
writes: "Dear Home Missionary: 
You are certainly charming and I 
wouldn't be without you for any- 
thing. The only fault I have to find 
with you is that you make one feel 
such a responsibility for living up to 
one's opportunity. However, you 
are richly worth fifty cents, and here 
it is; Gratefully yours." 

We are pleased not more with the 
generous approval of the writer than 
with her clear apprehension of the 
purpose of the magazine, which is, 
first, last and always, to create a 
sense of opportunity and responsi- 

Do you feel it, and what will you 
do with this number? Read and for- 
get, or read and make some practical 
use of its message to broaden your 
own horizon and quicken the vision 
of another ? 




"THE Woman's Missionary Society of the Lewis Avenue 
Congregational Church of Brooklyn, among other 
features has one gentlemen's evening during the 
year. it is noticeable also that that meeting is distin- 
guished as a thank offering meeting. among other 
officers it has a mite-box secretary and its working 
committees are a box committee, social committee, out- 
look committee and music committee. aside from the 
regular monthly meetings during the year, this society 
holds a mid-winter missionary tea at the home of one 
of its members which is of special value in interesting 
outsiders not yet pledged to the work. 

t^* *^* *£r* 

The Woman's Home Missionary Union of Connecticut 
at its annual meeting on the coming 24th of may, com- 
pletes twenty years of work. the executive committee 
plan to mark this date by establishing a home mission- 
ary library, the books to be loaned to auxiliaries, 
the plan of work for this union during the current 
year will require about $5,000, and covers missionary 
effort under the different national and state socie- 
ties, in sixteen different states and territories. 

t^r* t£r* t&* 

"For many years," says a correspondent from North- 
field, Minnesota, "the women of our societv have been 
in the habit of making each year a rag carpet for the 




\XTILL you tell me what is meant by "Heralds?" See April 
HOME MISSIONARY, page 32. f have seen that title 
once before but do not understand the duties of such an office. 
Brooklyn, N. V. C. L. H. 

Answer: We refer this question to the secretary of the 
Woman's Missionary Society of Sharon, Connecticut. — Ed. 

t^" *^* t&* 

I am interested in this Woman's Department . Is there a 
special editor and whom should one address ? " 

Answer : At present there is no special editor of " Women's 
Work and Methods." Address all communications to the 
Editor of The Home Missionary. 

t^* t^* t^* 

Will you please discuss at some length in "Women's Work and 
Methods" the following subject : " Practical work for Missionary 
Toledo, Ohio. L. P. 

Answer: A broad question which can have only a brief 
answer here. The most practical help for the Home Mis- 
sionary Society is a gift of money to its treasury. This alone 
keeps the wheels of the organization moving. If money fails, 
everything stops. The missionary cannot live. He cannot 
continue to work or preach. It is of first practical importance 
therefore to every missionary Society, that its treasury be 
kept supplied for its current needs. We recognize the fact, 
however, that many people have loving hearts and helping 
hands and little money. They are not without practical ways 
of assisting the Home Missionary Society and their gifts are 
gladly received. The missionary box is familiar and needs not 
a word of commendation. No missionary box prepared with 
skillful adjustment to the needs of the missionary and his 
family, is ever wasted. Missionary knowledge and sympathy 
are of great practical value to Home Missions and to these two 
stores of help the humblest may contribute by faithful atten- 
dance at the missionary meeting, by careful reading and by 
generous distribution of knowledge among those who are 
ignorant and uninterested. Other and more special answers 
to this question, solicited. — Ed. 



March, 1905. 

Not in commission last year. 

Bekeschus, Edward, Alexander and Burdett, Kan. 

Fisher, H. P., General Missionary in Northern 

Seeley, H. J., Atlanta, Ga.; Sherman, Newton, Addi- 
son, Nebr.; Stevens, Charles M., Hasty, Minn. 
Re-com missioned. 

Burhans, P. C, Sykeston, No. Dak. 

Davis, W. V., Robinson and Manmouth, Utah; 
Deakin, Samuel, Cowles, Neb.; Dickinson, Mrs. Minnie 
J., Linwood, Nebr.; Dickson, John W., Stillwater, 
Minn.; Dowding, Henry W., Monterey, Pa.; Dyke, 
Thomas, Aten, Nebr. 

Edgar, Edwin H., Oacoma, So. Dak.; Evans, Thom 
as Taylor, Nebr. 

Green, George J., Oil Center and Kern, Cal.; Green- 
lee, Clyde W., New Plymouth, Idaho. 

Hughes, John E., Garretson, So. Dak. 

Iorns, Benjamin, Henry, So. Dak. 

Oftedal, Christ, General Missionary in Minn, and 
Wis.; Owens, Edmund, Jerome, Ariz. 

Sinnett, Charles N., Lawton, No. Dak.; Starring, 
George H., De Smet and Lake Henry, So. Dak. 

Tillman, William H., Atlanta, Ga. 

Van Luven, Sanford A., Sargent, Nebr. 

Woodcock, A. C, Bagley, Minn. 


March, 1905. 

For account 0/ receipts by State A u.viiiary Societies^ 
see pages 72-74. 

MAINE— $30. 10. 

Maysville Centre, S. S., 1.35; Portland, St. Laurence, 
20; Presque Isle, C. E., 8.75. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $1908.41; of which legacies, 

N. H. H. Miss. Soc, by A. B. Cross, Treas.; By request 
of donors, 35; Amherst, Miss S. M. Stewart, 10; Atkin- 
son, Estate of Hiram P. Pierce, 1,536.96; Brookline, 
S. S., 9.17; Francestown, 26.80; Hampton, C. E., 3; Han- 
over, A Friend, 5; Littleton, 1st, S. S., 10; Milford, 
Estate of A. C. Crosby, 89.36; Estate of C. B. Harris, 
94.62; A Friend, 5; Pelham, 1st, 29; Rye, 25; Webster, 
First, 7. 

F. C. I. and H. M. Union of N. H., Miss A. A. McFar- 
land, Treas. 

Bristol, toward L. Mp. of Mrs. F. Bing- 
ham $17.50 

Sanbornton - 5.00 


VERMONT— $175.49 

Vermont Domestic Missionary Soc, by J. T. Ritchie, 
Treas., 71.39; Chester, Mrs. G. White, 10; Cornwall, 5; 
Mclndoes, 20; Orwell, 32.10; Rev. B. Swift, 1; Town- 
shend, 15; Vermont, A Friend, 20; Windsor, 1. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $5,668.40; of which legacies, $3,- 


Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas.; By 
request of donors, 283.87; Acushnet, E. Bates, 2; Am- 
herst, Estate of W. M. Graves, 2.970 79; North, 1; 
College, Ch. of Christ, 83.80; Andover, Miss A. Buck, 
25; Ashburnham, 4; Ballard Vale, C. E., 5; Beverly, Rev. 
E. H. Byington, 25; Boston, J. H. Allen, 250; Bridge- 
water, Central Sq., 19.03; Cambridgeport, 1st, 106.71; 
Cliftondale, 1st, 24.47; Dorchester, 2nd. S. S., 8.33; En- 
field, Estate of J. B. Woods, 80; Fitchburg, Three 
Friends, 8; Hanson, Jr. C. E., .56; Hatfield, Estate of 
S. H. Dickinson, 285; Harvard, 6.50; Huntington, 2nd, 
10; Lynn, C. A. Bancroft, 5; G. H. Martin, 25; Matta- 
pan, Miss J. C. Wight, 2; Mattapoisett, 14.50; Montague, 
Friends. 7; Newton Highlands, 83.53; North Adams, S. 
S., 10; Northampton, Estate of E. P. Williams, 33.66; 
Edwards, Two Friends, 10; A Friend, 10; Northbridge, 
Rockdale, 10; North Brookfield, 1st, C. E., 5; North 
Chelmsford, Rev. J. B. Cook, 3; Princeton, 1st, 79.65; 
Quincy, M. H. Atkins and Friends, 10; Saugus, A 
Friend, 2; South Amherst, 20; Southbridge, 2: South 
Hadley, 5; Mt. Holyoke Coll. Y. W. C. A., 60; Spencer, 
1st, 200; Springfield, North. 50; South, 105; C. E. Bow- 
doin, 5; Sturbridge, A Friend. 10; Sunderland, S. S., 
25; Westfield, A Friend, 4.50; Winchendon, Mrs. L. A. 
Hitchcock, 10; Worcester, Piedmont, 25; Union, 20; 
"A double memorial," 2.50. 

Woman's H. M. Association (of Mass. and Rhode Island),; 
Miss L. A. White, Treas.: For Salary Fund, 600; 
Roxbury, Immanuel, Ladies' H. M. Aux., Special, 15. 

RHODE ISLAND— $508.89. 

R. I. H. M. Soc, by J. William Rice, Treas., 8.89; 
Providence, A Friend, 500. 

CONNECTICUT— $14,912. 74; of which legacies, $u,6o8. 4 9. 
Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 45.43; for 
salaries of Western Supt's 675; Bridgeport, 1st, 185; 
West End, 12.49; Park St., 99.60; S. S., 14.98; The 
Fullerton Memorial Circle, 25; Bristol, 1st, 37.50, C. 
E., 5: Brookfield, 36.96; Centerbrook, A Friend, 5; Corn- 
wall, C. E., 5; East Hartford, 1st, 12.65; East Haven, 
19.60; East Windsor, Miss E. M. Bartlett, 1; Essex 
County Conference. 10; Estates on account, 
6,000; Falls Village, 5; Groton, S. S.; 3; Guilford, 1st, 35 
Hartford, Estate of Miss F. B. Griswold, 452.25; Es- 
tate of Daniel Phillips, 5,156.24; 4th 40.29; Glenwood, 
C. E., 8.50; Farmington Ave., Mrs. W. P. Williams, 
S. S. class, 1; J. B. Bunce, 25; Mrs. J. W. Cooke, 50; 
Mrs. S. M. Dewing, 1; E. F. Harrison, 50; E. F. 
Mix, 5; Mrs. M. R. Perkins, 50; Mrs. F. Smith, 1; T. 
Upson, 25; C. T. Wells, 10; "S. C. K," 15; Higganum, 
Mrs. H. Scovil, 10; Ivoryton, A Friend, 500; Lakeville, 
L. L. Norton, 25; Leonard Bridge, M. McCall, 1; Mans- 
field Center, 1st S. S., 1.65; Meriden, 1st, 5; Milford, 1st, 
38, S. S., 7.40; Naugatuck, 100; New Fairfield, 3.80: New 
Haven, Yale University, Ch. of Christ, add'!., 50; 
S. E. Baldwin, 200; Mrs. J. Dwight, 20; Howard Ave., 
27.41; Friend " A.," 50; Norfolk, 100; Norwich, 2nd, 51; 
Park, 100; Salisbury, Mrs. L. Warner, 10; Saybrook, 
Miss C. E. McCall, 2; Seymour, 6.57; South Manchester, 
42.28; Stafford Springs, S. S., 4.32; Stamford, 1st, 26.31; 
Tolland, 38.53; Washington, C. L. Hickox, 2; Waterbury, 
R. Crane, 13; Weston, Northfield, 2.98; D. L. Coley, 5; 
Wethersfield, S. S., 25; Mrs. W. N. Savage, 1. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas., 
Hartford, In memory of M. B. M., 20; Mrs. F. B. C 
100; First, 10; Y. W. H. M. C, 125; Ivoryton, Aux., 
50; Southington, Aux., Special, 15. Total $320.00. 

NEW Y0RK^$ r ,9io.45; of which legacies, $98.75. 

Berkshire, 1st, 25; Brooklyn, 1st, Clinton Ave., 403.49; 
Puritan, 208.87; Special, 15; South, 100; J. Purcell, 10; 
Mrs. L. P. Brockett, 1; Flatbush S. S., 25; Estate of 
H. G. Combes. 93.75; Camden, 10; Crown Point, Estate 
of Juba Howe, 5; Franklin, 61.25; Kirkland, Mr. and 
Mrs C. H. Stanton, 10; Mt. Sinai, 5.6 i; New Lebaaon, 
E. C. Kendall, 1.50; New York City, Broadway Tab., 
460.38; A Friend, 25; Manhattan, to const. G. W. 
Field, Mrs. H. Hudgins, W. F. Thoman and H. D. 
Russell, L M's, 183.23; Welsh, 10; Christ Ch., 29.52; 
Bethany S. S., 20; Mr. and Mrs. D. O. Shelton, 20; 
A Friend, 1; A Friend, 1; Northfield, 6; Oxford, 1st, 5; 
Parishville, 5; Sayville, C. E., 5; Syracuse.I. C. Rhoades, 
10; Washington Mills, Messiah Ch., 10.13. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, Treas. 
Brooklyn, Ch. of the Pilgrims, 50; Central King's 
Guild, 33.67; Canandaigua, 50.05; Honeoye, 10. 

Total $143-72 



NEW JERSEY $516.64. 

Dover, Bethlehem Scand., c; East Orange, 1st, m.97; 
"K" 100; Little Ferry, German Evangelical, 6; Mont- 
clair, 1st, A Friend, mo; Plainfield, 197.67. 


Allegheny, Slovak, 18; Catasauqua, Bethel, 2.42; S. S., 
17: Chandlers Valley, 2.40; Coaldale, 2nd, 2.50; Corry, 8.50; 
Le Raysville, C. K., 5; Milroy, White Memorial S, S., 
17.50; Neath, 1.1.5; Philadelphia, Central, 33; Plymouth, 
Pilgrim, 16.10: Kim, 2.50; Scranton, Puritan, is; 1 ' I 
Foggett, .50; SprmgCreek, 3.50; Wilkesbarre. 1st, Welsh, 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. U. Howells, Treas. Kane, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, of the N. J. Assoc, Mrs. G. A. I. 
Merrifield, Treas., Philadelphia, Central, 22.64. 

DELAWARE -$10.00. 
Wilmington, E, Spruance, 10. 

MARYLAND -,$20.25. 
Frederick, M. G. I Jerk with, 25; Frostburg, 1 25. 


Washington, ist. 265; Mt. Pleasant, 70; Miss C. J. 
1 rraham, 250; A Friend, , 


North Carolina, 5; Pinehurst, A Friend, 20; Tryon, Ch. 
nf Christ, 33. 

GEORGIA- $2554 

Received by Rev. F. E. Jenkins, Couyers, 2.50; Lovejoy, 
[.54, Total 4.04; Atlanta, Marietta. 5; Immanuel, 
3; Baxley, Mt. Olive, and Ritch, Antioch, 1. Columbus, 
rst, 6.00; Hartwell, Liberty, Rock Fence, New Hope 
and Danielsonville, Zoar, 2; Mineral Bluff, .50; North 
Rome, .50; Stone Mountain, 1.50; Tucker, 2. 

ALABAMA— $1.00. 
Art, 1. 

LOUISIANA— $23.12 
Clear Creek, 5.47; Hammond, 7.65; Vinton, 1st, 5. 

Woman's M. Union, Miss M. L. Rogers, Treas., Ham- 
mond, 5. 

ARKANSAS -$i 1. 00. 
Gentry, 11. 

FL0RIDA-$i6 7 .6i. 

Daytona, ist, 43.74; Dustin, East Pass, 1.25; Elarbee 
and Pine Grove, 1 1; Fort Pierce, ^.50; Interlachen, ist 6; 
Lake Helen, 30; Oak Ridge, .50; Orange City, 8.33; Pomona, 
Pilgrim, 25; St. Petersburg, 13.09; Winter Park, 22.20. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. A. Lewis, Treas., Lake 
Helen, Aux., 3. 

TEXAS — $20. 50. 

Dallas, Central S. S., 7.50; Grand Ave., 10.50; Tyler, 

Chickasha, ist, 7; Muskogee. 6.60. 

OKLAHOMA— $164.95. 
Received by Rev. J. H. Parker, Kingfisher, 00; Anadarko, 

- ■■; Buiger, 2.50; Cashion, 11.85; Seward, .85; Darlington, 
5; Enid, Plymouth, 5; Forest, 6.40; Hobart, 6,50; Hydro, 7; 
Independence, ist. 2; Manchester, Rev. J. M. Taulbee, 7; 
Mt. Hope, 3; North Enid, 1.01; German. Zions, 3.60; 
Oklahoma City, Harrison Ave., 5.34; Otter Creek' and 
Willow Creek, 10; Perkins, 15; Perry, Pilgrim, 1.60; Sparks, 

j.6o; Tabor, 2; Wanoka, 5. 

NEW MEXIC0-$qi.28. 

Gallup, 21 25; Gallup. New Mex. and Holbrook, Ariz., 
40.03; Cubero, New Mex., Mrs. and Miss Ceilings. 15; 
San Mateo, Miss Lamson and Miss Smith, 5; San 
Rafael, Miss Hester and Mrs. Savage, 5; Seboyeta, 
Miss Gibson, 5. 

ARIZONA— $42.60. 

Holbrook, 2.60; Tucson, ist, 40. 
OHIO— $317.61. 

Ohic-H. M. Soc, by Rev. C. H. Small, 45.69: Bellevue, 
C. E. Boise, 10; Oberlin, ist, 96.92; A Friend. 150; 
Hudson, Mrs. M. 1'. Webster, 5; Wellington, H. B. 
Hamlin, 10. 

INDIANA-$599. 3 5. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtis, Alexandria, 15; Anderson, 
Hope, 25: Dunkirk, Plymouth, 15.58; Fairmont, 7.15; 
Furnessville, 5; Fort Recovery, 9; Hosmer, 3; Indianapolis, 
Covenant, Miss. Soc, 1.25; Brightwood, n; Union, 2; 
Marion, 2.50; Michigan City, ist, 17.87, S. S.,4.50; Ontario, 

7. 50; Orland, 50; Porter, 20; Portland, Liber Mem., 
Shipshewana, 7.50; Total, 209.45. 

Bremen, 17.25; Hosmer, 1.50; Perth, Coal Bluff and 
Cardonia, 15; Washington, r.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, End., Mrs. A. D. Davis, Treas. 

Angola, Ladies' Guild, 5; Brightwood, C. IC, 5; Jr. C. 
K., 2; Cardonia, .50; Casseyville, .5.,; Coal Bluff, Ch., 4.30; 
W. II. M. S., 1 ; East Chicago, S. S.. 2.80; Jr. C. E., 5, 
Elkhart, 30.40; Elwood, 10, C. E.,3; Ft. Wayne, Plymouth, 
50, C. E., 25; Indianapolis, Plymouth, Ladies' Cnion, 
S. S., 5; King's Daughters, 5; Covenant S. S., 
5; Union C. E., 4; Jr., 1.50; S. S., 2.50; Ladies' Aid, 2; 
Mayflower, 30; Kokomo, 70, C. E., 15; Jr. C. E., 5; Perth, 
1; West Terre Haute, Bethany, C. E., 2. Total. 354.65. 

ILLINOIS— $3,482.01; of which legacies, $3467.01. 

Cambridge, Estate of II. G. Griffin, 20; Highland Park, 
N. W. Grover, 3; Lake Forest, Mrs. C. K. Latimer, 2; 
Wheaton, Estate of Sarah A. A. Coolev, Total $3,447.01 • 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. G. Whitcomb, Treas- 
Elgin, ist, Woman's Guild, 10. 

MISS0URI-$iq6. 4 7 

Bonne Terre, ist, 33.30; C. E., 5; Carthage, ist; 23.85; 
Green Ridge, 4.18; Kidder, 12.40; Meadville, 9.37; Neosho, 
ist, jo; St. Joseph, Swedes, 2; St. Louis, Memorial, 25; 
est, 1 >: Fountain Park, 37.57; Sedalia, 2nd, 3.80. 

MICHIGAN— $457.76; of which legacy, $434.76. 

Ellsworth, Rev. J. L. Donovan, 3; Kalamazoo, ist C. 
E., 20; Lansing, Estate of J. W. Childs, 434.76. 

WISCONSIN— $2.75. 
Curtiss, German Zions, 1.25; Merrill, Scand., 1.50. 

IOWA— q 7 .6o. 

Iowa H. M. Soc, by Miss A. D. Merrill, 56.60; Creeso, 
Mrs. C. J. Harland, 10; Iowa, a friend, 30; Iowa City, 
Rev. J. E. Jones, 1.00. 

MDOrESOTA— $821.38. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D., Dexter, 2; Dodge Cen- 
tre, 5.30; Freeborn, 5; Medford, add!., 20; Minneapolis, 
Lowry Hill, in part, 67.99; Lynnhurst Chapel, .60; Pil- 
grim C. E., 10; Plymouth, 75; Montecello, 2; Princeton, 
in part, 8.30; St. Paul, Cyril Chapel, 18.65, C. E. 5; 
South, 17.21; Staples, 3.75;'Wayzata, 6; Worthington, 4.60; 
Total 251.49. 

Appleton, ist, 10; Biwabii, 5.25; East Brainerd, People's 
4; Faribault, 50; Granada, 24; Nassau, 4.3S: Northfield, W. 
V. Metcalf 15; Rainy River Valley, 5.05; St. Anthony Park, 
15.65; St. Clair, 3; Silver Lake, n ; Spencer Brook, Swedes. 
14.: Stillwater, Grace. 5.25; West Duluth, Plymouth, 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Treas.. Aus- 
tin, 8.75; Cannon Falls, S.S., 5; Excelsior, 7.40; Fair Oaks, 2; 
Faribault, 11:05; Glyndon, 9; Hawley, 5; Lamberton, 3; 
Lake City, 25; Mantorville, 5; Marshall, 7,50; Minneapolis, 
Plymouth. 50; Fremont Ave.. 8; Bethany. 4; Lyndale. 
20; ist. 35; Oak Park. 5; Park Ave.. 29.43; 3 8t h St., 5: 
NorthfieW, 50; St. Paul, Park. 30.32; St. Anthony Park. 
7.55; South. 7. 21; Waseca, 5; Winona, ist, 65.68. Total. 

NEBRASKA— $1,306.93. 

Nebraska H. M. Soc, by L. Gregory, Treas. Ains- 
worth, 30.91, S. S., 9; Avoca, 7.20; Baker, 1.15; Bassett, 
1.50; Beatrice, 18.20; Beemer, 6.79; Bertrand, 7; Bloomfield. 
44; Cambridge, 37.50, S. S., 5, C. E., 5; Campbell, 3.53; 
Carroll, 10; Claris, 12.51; Clay Center, 6.33; Cleman, 1.35; 
Crete, G. W. Boldum, 10; Danbury, 9.33, S. S., .28; 
David City, 33.10; DeWit, 4.40; Doniphan, 5; W. H. 
Gideon, ;; Eustis, S; Eureka, 3.13; Fremont, A Friend, 
10; Friend, Dr. H. W. Hewitt, 5; Grant, 0.50; Hildreth, 
Indian Creek, 1.50; Keystone, 3.16; Lincoln, 94.68; 
Long Pine, 10:20; Loomis, 1.8S; Milford, 1.50; McCook, 26; 
Morning Star, 1.25; Neligh, 20.20; Noble, 1.10; Norfolk, ist, 
10; 2nd, 5; D. Mathewson, 10; Omaha, 61.75; Reno, 5; 
Rising City, S.46; Silver Creek, 6.09; Venango, 6.85; Wilcox, 
S.3-; Wisner, 20.18; York, 50; H. Bross, 3.25; J. F. Hay, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. J. Hall, Treas. 227.86; 
Aurora, Mrs. J. P. Hainer, 10: A. B. Campbell, 5; 
Lincoln, J. C. Seacrest, 10; Marion Powell, 10; Milford. 
F. S. Johnson. 10. Total, 960.74. , 

Alliance, Zions German, 2; Arborville, 7. 58; Arcadia 
Rev. H. A. Shuman, 7; Aten, 6; Bladen, 3.46; Brunswick, 
1 5 4 ■: Burwell, 10.35; Crawford 35.25: Croft on, 2; Dustin, 
Rev. L T. Ellis, 4'; Farnham, 2.55; Franklin, Miss M. L. 
Wilson, 5; Grafton, 5.10; Shickley, 6.15; Grand Island, ist 
Ch. and S. S., 11; Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Marsh, 17; Have- 
lock, ist4-7o; Holdrege. 1st, 10.41; Indianola, 9; Kearney, 
ist, 50; Linwood, 38.50; Nebraska City, Camp Creek, 7; 



Omaha, Mrs. E. D. Kech, 3; Hillside, 5.35; Palisade, 1st. 
6.2s; Petersburg, 3; Ravenna, 3; Seneca, 2.84; South Platte, 
j; Steele City, 4; Stockwell, 2.4s; Taylor, Thank offering-, 
22.67; Waverly, add'l 5.15; Thedford, 22.83; Willowdale, 

NORTH DAKOTA— $253.27. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Amenia, C. E., 2.45; 
Cooperstown, Rev. H. K. Hawley, is; Harwood. 2; Hills- 
boro, 7.75, S. S., 1; Valley City, 50; Velva, 6.05; Wyndmere, 
S. S., 2.21; Total, 86.46. 

Deering, Pilgrim and Pioneer, 2.75: Fargo, Scand., 
1.50; Glen Ullin, q; Haase, Union, 3.52; Mohall, 3.65; Har- 
vey, 1st, 13.65; Hurdsfield, 2.50: Lakota, 15; Sawyer, Em- 
manuel and Highlands, 5; Sykeston, 16.50; Wahpeton, 
1st, 16.27; Williston, 6; Wirch, Johannes Wirch, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J M. Fisher, Treas. 
Buxton, 2.47; Cummings, 3.75; Dwight, Ladies' Aid, 5; 
Fargo, Plymouth, Miss. Band, 10; Ladies' Miss. Soc., 
10.75; Getchell, 15; Mayville, Ladies' Aid and Miss. Soc., 
10; Niagara, Ladies' Aid, 5; Velva, Aux., 2.50; Wibaux, 
Mont., 2. Total, 66.47 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $177.99. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Hudson, 14.31; 'Yankton, 
35.82, Total $50.13. 

Aberdeen, Plymouth, 4.09; Armour, Rev. D. E. 
Evans. 5; Badger, 17; Bon Homme, 5.62- Canton, 1st. 2.80; 
Centerville, s; Dover, 2; Gann Valley, 1st. 9.44; Highwood, 
11.56; Meckling, 1st, 5; Pleasant Valley, 2.50; Spearfish, 
7; Springfield, 19.35; Tyndale, 1st, n; Winfied, 17; C. E., 

COLORADO— $589.96. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Coal Creek, 6; Colorado 
Springs, 2nd. 6.80; Denver, 1st, 60; Minturn, 2.15; Telluride, 
C. E. Soc., 5; Total, 79.95. 

Claremont, 38.90; Collbran, 3.6i;Craig and Maybell, 
21; Crripple Creek, 1st, 40; Denver, So. Broad 
way, 48.47; S. S.. n.53; Ohio Ave., 46; Olivet, 
15; Harmon 13.50; Pratt Valley, 3.75; Eaton, 1st. 56; 
Flagler, 1st. 15; Fruita, Union. 24.22; C. E., 6; Kannah 
Creek, 1.50: Lyons. 5.50; Manitou, 1.75; Paonia, 4; Rocky 
Ford, A Friend, 5; Steamboat Springs, 26; Whitewater,2 75. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss I. M. Strong. Treas. Colo- 
rado Springs, 1st. 30; Denver, 2nd. 10; So. Broadway, 
12.50; Boulevard. 3.32; Pilgrim. 6.46; Harman. 3; S. 
S..2.25; Grand Junction, 12; Longmont, 25; Montrose, 6; 
Whitewater, 10. Total, 120.53. 

WYOMING— $117.60. 

Received by Rev. W. B. D. Gray, Cheyenne, 1st, 70.30; 
Buffalo, Union, 6.50; Douglas, 17. 

Woman's Miss. Union, Miss E. McCrum, Treas., 
Cheyenne, 1st, 23.80. 

MONTANA— $69.30. 

Received by Rev. W. S. Bell, Billings, Ch., 33.25; Ladies' 
Miss. Soc., 5; A Friend, 5; Missoula, Swedish, 3.05; 
Total $46.30. 

Columbus, 8; Plains, 15. 

UTAH— $67.01. 
Park City, 1st, S. S., 12; Provo City, 1st, 19.60; Ladies' 

Aid Soc, 10.01; Y. P. S. C. E.; 5, S. S., 3, Junior C. E., 
2.40; Robinson, 3; Sandy, 2. 

Woman's Miss. Union, Mrs. A. A. Wenger, Treas. 
Salt Lake City, Phillips, Ladies' Soc, 10. 

NEVADA— $26.70. 
Reno, 1st, 26.70. 

IDAHO— $142.63. 

Boise, 1st, to const. A. Hager. an Hon. L. M.. 66; 
Challis, 1st. n: Council, 35; Indian Valley, 2; Mountain 
Home, 1st, n: Pearl, n; Priest River, 1st, 6.63. 

CALIFORNIA— $2 . 389. 49- 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile, Claremont, 50; Corona, 25.65; 
Los Angeles, Eastside 62.55; Plymouth. 37-75; Ontario, 
W. H. M. S.. 25; Pasadena, Westside. 48.90; Pico Heights, 
S. S.. 22.17: Riverside, 119.34. Saticoy, 15; Vernon, 37. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. K. D. Barnes, Treas., 
1. 140.58. Total. 1584.14. 

Avalon, 25; Chula Vista, 15; Highland, 49.57; S.S., 18.07; 
Jacinto, 10; La Canada, 5; Los Angeles, Park, 22.50; 
Ladies' Miss. Soc, 12.25: Olivet. 34.45; Central Ave., \ 
25; Mentone, 12.57; Pasadena, 1st. W. H. M. U., 25; 
Perris, 15; Pomona, Pilgrim, 150.44; S. S., 40; Redlands, 
1st, 177.50; Miss H. S. Cousens. 50; San Jacinto, 1st, 
.50; San Luis Obispo, 17.50; Santa Barbara, friends of the 
work, 100. 

OREGON— $266.15. of which legacy. $250. 

Albany, 6; Ontario, 7; Oswego, 3.15; Salem, estate of 
Miss Elizabeth T. Boise, 250. 


Blaine, 10; Clear Lake and McMurray, 20.15; Kalama, 
1st. 1; Kennewick, 1st. 18.10; Marysville, 1st, 5; Roy, Ch. 
A Friend, 10; Sprague, 4.50; Tekoa, 1st, 15. 

CUBA— $3.00. 

Matanzas, Ch. of the Redeemer, 3. 

CHRISTMAS OFFERING $180. From Christmas Offer- 
ing Committee. 180. 


Contributions $17,766.59 

Less $379.90 refunded to donors and - 
$107.45 received for work in 
Hawaiian Islands , . 487. 35 

Legacies 20,949.40 


Interest _ _._ 1,068.77 

Home Missionary 132.09 

Literature 57-24 

Total $39,486.74 

Total Net Income for the year ending March 31, 1905. 

Contributions $95,873.36 

Legacies, less legal and estate expenses 147,593-36 

Total $243,466. 72 

Home Missionary receipts and literature sales, viz.: 
$1,982.56 credited to Publication account. 



Receipts in March, 1905. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Abington, North, 75; Acton, South. 6.61; Andover, 
Theol. .Seminary, 307; Ashby, 9.75; Auburn, 20; Billerica, 
9; Boston, Italian, 10; Ellis Mendell Fund, 25; Dor- 
chester Central, 50; 2nd, Extra Cent a Day Band, 10; 
Hale Fund, Income, 78.75; G. A. Hood, 10; Mrs. J. 
A. Lane, Des. Greek work, 10; Old South, 200; D. 
Reed Fund, Income, 127.50; Romsey, 5.69; Wall Fund 
Income, 70: W. B. H., .60; D. Whitcomb Fund, In- 
come, 45; Union, 109.17; Bridgewater, Scotland, C. E., 
8.71; Brimfield, 1st, 44.70; Brookline, Harvard, 123.78; 
Buckland, Ch. Benevelent Soc. 25.50; Cambridge, Pros- 
pect St., 160.07; Charlestown, Winthrop. 21.71; Charlton, 
13; Chelmsford, Central, 29. Dalton, Kstate Mary E. 
Crane, 5,000; Dedham. 1st, S. S., 10.48: Deerfield, 5: East- 
hampton, 1st, 13.97; Fall River, Central, 277.06, S. S., 30; 

Fitchburg, Finns, 7.99: Grace E. Davis, 5; Framingham, 
South, Grace, 95.08; Globe Village, Evang. Free, 5.16; 
Granville, Center, 10; Great Barrington, Housatonic, 
22.48; Groton, Est. Caroline Nutting, 109; Haverhill, 
Riverside, 15.36; Ward Hill, 6; West, 9.20; Holland, 
Ladies H. M. Soc, 20.65; Hudson, 21; Lawrence, Trinity, 
6.85: Littleton, 8.05; Lowell, Highland, 1.01; Ludlow, 1st, 
10; Maynard, Finn. 4; Medfield, 28, C. E., 5; Medford, 
West. C. E., 9; Melrose, Highlands 54.12; Middleboro, 
Central, 85.90; Montague, Millers Falls, 5; New Boston, 
C. E., 5; Newburyport, North, 1; Prospect St., 62.86; 
Newton. Est. Ivory Harmon, 2,500; North Middleboro, 
22.69; North Reading, 30; Orange, Central, 36.30; Peabody, 
2nd, 7.02; Pepperell, 12.34; Petersham C. E., 13; Pittsfield, 
French. 10; Plymouth, Italian, 78.78; Quincy, Finns, 
17.26; Reading, 56.71: Rochester, C. E.. 1.50; Somerville, 
Broadway, 89.04; Southbridge, 3.38; South Hadley, 19: 
Springfield, South 15; Stockbridge, 10.18; Taunton, Wins- 
low, 24.10; Wakefield.Ch., 13, S.S.. 22. 01, Primary Dept.. 
5; Walpole, 2nd, 1S.68; Wayland, 13; Westboro, A Friend, 2; 



West Boylston, 8. 17; Weston, 10.50; West Springfield, 1st, 
iqj Park St., j().4S; Westwood, Islington, i. io; Weymouth, 
Old South, 5; Wiately, 14; whitcomb, D., Fund, [n- 
;ome, 15; Williamstown, White Oaks; 4; Wiuchendon, 25; 
Winchester, S. S., 1st, 15; Worcester, C. 11. Morgan. 100; 
Piedmont, 6; Plymouth, 237.21; Designated for debl 
L'. II. M. S., Boston, Friend, 5; Amherst, North, 50; W. 

B. H., .40; Worcester, Mrs. Marion L. Colter 5; Miss H. 
E. Nutter, 2; Des. for Rev. Mr. Long, Nogalcs; Ariz., 
Wellesley Hills, 19.55; Boston, Miss A. R. Leonard, 15; 
1 Est. Caroline Nutting 109; Designated for Easter 
School of Theology, Dalton, !•'. C. Crane, 15; Cam- 
bridge, 1st, 15; Wellesley Hills, Designated for Italian 
Work, E. C. Hood, 58.33; Designated for Alfred 
DeBarritt, 13. 

Woman's H. M. Assn., Lizzie D. White, Treas. 
Salaries, for French College, 70; Salary for Italian 
Worker, 35; Salary for Mrs. Deakin, C. H. M. S., 

Summary : 

Regular $10,998.27 

Designated for C. H. M. S 205.95 

Designated for Easter School 30.00 

Designated for Italian Work 58.33 

Designated for Alfred DeBarritt 13-00 

W. it. M. A 185.92 

Home Missionary 2.80 

Total $1 1,494. 27 

Receipts in March, 1905. 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer, New York. 
Antwerp, 23.81; Brooklyn, Italian, 5; Dunton, 16.81; 
Oloversville. 200; Griffins Mills, 3; Groton, 30.27; Ironde- 
quoit, 5; Lakeview, 2; Lakewood, 10; Lockport, East Ave., 
V. P., igj Middletown, North St.. 5; New York, Belmont 
S. S., 1; Claremont Park, 10.33; North Collins, 10; North 
Evans, V. 1'.; 2; Ogdensburg, 50; Saratoga Springs, 24.85; 
Schenectady, Pilgrim, 3.38; Syracuse, (ieddes S. S., 3.60; 
Winthrop, 34.75; W. H. M. U. as follows: Brooklyn, 
Central, L. B. S., 25; Cambria Center, W. H. M. S., 10; 
Lake Grove, W. H. M. S., 5; New York, Manhattan W. 
S-, 33.Q0; Christ, W. A., 24.50; Perry Center, L. B. S., 
5.7s; Portland, Y. L. C, 5; Rensselaer, H. M. S., 10; 
Syracuse, Pilgrim L. A., 5; Pilgrim W. S., 50; West- 
moreland, H. M. S., 10; West Winfield, H. M. S., 14.50; 
W. H. M. U., 1.35. Total... $659.80 


Receipts in March, 1905. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Bridgeport, 2nd, 29.50; Bristol, 1st, 53,60; Brooklyn, 1st, 

10; for C. H. M. S., 20; Canterbury, 1st, Est. of Emblem 

L. Williams, 11.68; Chaplin, 9.50; East Haddam, ist,g.84; 

for C. H. M. S., 7.50, C. E., 3.43; East Hampton, 14.59; 

Falls Village, 3.59; Griswold, 1st, C. E., 8; Hartford, 2nd, 

400; 4th, 17; Middletown, 1st, 17.30; Naugatuck, 100; New 

Britain, 1st; in. 58; New Haven, Grand Ave., 30; 

Redeemer, for Italian work, 25; Norfolk, 14.40; North 

Windham, 5.70; Plainfield, C. E., 3.71; Prospect, 15; Salem, 

C. E., 10.77; Stamford, Long Ridge, 6; Thomaston, 1st., 
for C. H. M. S., 17.93; Tomngton, Torringford, 8; Wash- 
ington, Swedish, 4.60; Waterbury, 2nd, for Italian work, 
20, C. E., 25; Westminster, C. E., 2; Weston, 2.66; W. C. 
H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. George Follett, Secretary, 
Hartford, 1st, Home Study Dep't. of S. S. for work 
among Italians, 12.55; Woodbury, Woman's Aux. of 
1st Church, for work among foreigners, 11.50; Be- 
quest in will of Mrs. Delight Upson, late of Burling- 
ton, deceased, 600. 

M. S. C - $1,596.50 

C. H. M. S 45-43 

Total $1,641.93 


Receipts in January, February and March, 1905. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer, Concord. 

Amherst, Ch. and Soc, 750; Bartlett, Ch. and Soc, 

9.06; Boscawen, Ch. and Soc, 13.50; Colebrook, Ch., 9; 

Concord, North Ch. and S. S., 95- 73; South Ch.; Bible 

School, 2S. 33; Dover, 1st. 46.42, S. S.. 25; Epping, S. S., 

10.50; S. S. for C. H. M. S., 10.50; Keene, 1st Ch. and 

Soc, 25; Lakeport, J. R. Meader, 10; Lancaster, Mrs. J. 

L. Dow, 5; Langdon, Ch. and Soc. 10.41; Lebanon, West, 

Ch. Soc and S. S., 8; Pembroke, Ch. and Soc. 15.36 

Plymouth, Ch. and S. S-, 1.69; Stratham, S. S., 4.25; 

Sudbury, Mass., Lucy S. Connor, 10; Sullivan, Ch., 2.69; 

Weare North, S. S., 3.15. Total $359-09 


Receipts in March, 1905. 
Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer, Lansing. 
Alpena, 2.24; Bangor, 1st, B, 50; West, 8.50; Belford, 1.75; 
Big Rapids, 1st, 25; Breckenridge, 10.50; Brimley, 7;Ceresco, 
1.05; Clare, 29. 14; Detroit, Woodwai d A vt\, 78.96; Dexter, 
5; Dowagiac, C. E., 5; Echo, 5; East Newton. 4; Flint, 28.56; 
Fredonia, 8; Grand Rapids, Plymouth, n; Hancock, C. E.; 
5; Harrison, 17.30; Helena, 10; Hilliards, 25; Hopkins Sta- 
tion, 31.90; Howard City, 5; Imlay City, jq; Kalamazoo, 60; 
Kenton, 5; Laingsburg, 8; Lake Linden, 24. p , S S , 40; La- 
mont, 15; Lansing, Plymouth, 75.77; Pilgrim, 1; Merrill, 
5; Morenci, C. E., 5; Perry, 25; Roscommon, 4; Somerset, 
6.50; Suttons Bay, 4.78; Thompsonville, 0.16, Jr C. E., 
Vicksburg, 35; Victor, 10; Racine, Wis., X'anZant, 
C. I. , ^Interest on Permanent Funds, 295.16; W. H. 
M. U. by Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treas., 802.88 

Total $1,816.28 


Receipts in March, 1905. 

Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treasurer, Greenville. 

Baroda, W. H. M. U., 2; Benton Harbor, W. M. L\, 5; 
Benzonia, W. H. M. U., 16. ^o; Cheboygan, W. II. M. S., 
11; Clinton, W. M. S., 10; Cooper, W. M. S., 7; Covert, 
L. M. S, j. jo; Detroit, 1st, W. A., 120; North Cong'J 
Union, 18; Dexter, W. H. M. S., 10; Grand Rapids, Smith 
Mem'l \V. M. S., 2; Greenville, W. H. M. U., ^.45; High- 
laud, W. H. M. S., 1.50; Hancock, W. M. S., 10; Hudson, 
W. M. S., 5.75: Laingsburg, W. H. M. S., 26.25; Middle- 
ville, W. H. M. S., 5;Oakwood, Branch, Aid Soc. 2.69; 
Olivet, W. H. M. U., 32.30; Ovid, Gen. W. M. S., 1; 
Rodney, Penny a Week Mission, 1.46; Red Jacket, W. 
M. S., 7.65; Saginaw, W. S., 75; St. Johns, \V. II. M. S., 
10; Victor, W. M. U., 10; Voorhes, Mrs. Libbie, 5; 
Wyandotte, W. H. M. S., 15. 

Total $560.57 

Young People's Fund. 
Ann Arbor, C. E., 10; Detroit, Brewster Jr. C. E,, 2; 
1st, Jr., C. E., 10; Frankfort, C. E., .50; Litchfield, S. S., 
0; Oriekama, C. E., 2; Sutton Bay, C. E., 1. 

Total $3 1 • 50 


Receipts in March, 1905. 
Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Andover, 6.25; Ashtabula, Finn. 5; Austiuburg, 6; Brecks- 
ville, 11.47; Brownhelm, 8; Chagrin Falls, 16.50; Chatham, 
19; Chillicothe, 8.61; Cincinnati, No. Fairmont, 3; Wal- 
nut Hills, 30; Cleveland, Bethlehem, 34. 04; Euclid Av. 
C. E., 10; Grace, 19.60; Hough Ave., Jr. C. E., 5; Kins- 
man St., 23.68; Columbus, South, 4.24; Conneaut, Dr. T. 
M. Tower, 10; Cuyahoga Falls, 8.67; East Cleveland, 7.50; 
Eagleville, 5.45; Elyria, 1st, 33.53; Hampden, 6.50; Hunts- 
burg, Mrs. Caroline Strong, 1; Jefferson, 22.50; Kelley's 
Island, 2.80; Lodi, 21.74; Lorain, 1st, 7.25; Madison, S S., 
5.59, Marietta, Harmar, 14; Mesopotamia, 2; Mineral 
Ridge, 1.95; Newark, 1st, 7.50; Newport, 25.50; Newcastle, 
Pa., 21; No. Bloomfield, 3; No. Amherst, 16.34; Oberlin, 1st, 
54.42, 2nd, 21.41; Painesville, 1st, 23; Saybrook, 14.50; 
Springfield, 1st. 21.40; Sullivan, 7.25; Tallmadge, 59.33; 
Toledo, 1st, 20; Twinsburg, personal, .50: Vermilion, 7; 
West Andover, 10.32; Weymouth, 2.50; Williamsfield. 6.20; 
Zanesville, 1st, 25; 2nd, 4.92. Total 711.96 


Receipts in March, 1905. 

Mrs. George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo. 

Austinburg, 5; Akron, 1st, W. M. S., 42; Brownhelm, W. 
M. S., 5; Chatham, W. M. S.. 5; Chillicothe, W. M. S., 
10; Cincinnati, Walnut Hills, W. M. S., 7; Cleveland, 
Denison Ave., W. H. & F. M. S., 3; Grace, W. M. S., 
5; Kinsman st., W. M. S.. 10, S. S., 5, C. E., 10; 
Columbus, Eastwood, W. M. S.. 13.40; Cuyahoga Falls, 
\V. M. S., 4.48; Edinburg, W. M. S , 3; Geneva, W. ( T .. 
15; Greenwich, W. M. S., 1; Huntington, W. Va., W. M 
S.. 5; Lima, W. M. S.,5; Madison, W. M. S., 9.80; Mans- 
field, Mayflower, W. M. S , 5; Marietta, Harmar, W. 
M. S., 5; Newark, Plymouth, W. M. S.. 4.20; Oberlin, 
1st, W. H. M. S., 76; 2nd, L. S.. so; Ravenna, W. M > . 
7 50; Sandusky, W. M. S., 5; Toledo, 2nd, J. M. C, 5; 
Central, W. M. U., 15; Twinsburg, W. M. S., 2.80. 

Total... . $33918 

For Bohemian work, Cleveland, Euclid Ave., 84.93 
Total for general work ..$1,051.14 
Grand total 1,136.07 




Receipts in February, 1905. 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer, Chicago, 111. 

Big Rock, 5; Chandlerville, 46; Chicago, Ewing St., 3.57; 
Fellowship, S. S., 5: Trinity German, 6 20; East St. 
Louis, Goodrich, 6; Galesburg, Central, S. S., 12.31; God- 
frey, S. S., 12.09; Grays Lake, S. S., 2.87; Lee Center, 10; 
Loda, W. S., 17; McLean, 13.06; Mattoon, Ch. and S. S., 
74.44; Neponset, C. E., 3; Rockford, 1st. 50.63; Shabbona, 
73.45; Stillman Valley, 14.57; Wayne, 9.33; Wythe, 6.50; 
Waukegan, Ch., 4.19, C. E. 4.18. 

Illinois W. H. M. V., 166.09; Batavia, Mrs. L. C. 
Patterson, 10; Chicago, A. M. Brodie, 5; John C. New- 
comb, 25; Ministerial Bureau; 10; Interest, 68; "Some 
Friends," 25. Total $688.48 

Receipts in March, 1905. 

Albion, 1st, 23.70; Algonquin, 9; Amboy, 34: Aurora, N. 
Eng., 100.39; Bowmanville, 7 75; Bureau, 5; Brimfield, u; 
Caledonia, 7.28; Chenoa, 13; Chicago, 1st Ch., W. S., 
126; South, 46.18; Warren Ave., g; Chillicothe, Ch. and 
S. S.. 19.77; Clifton, 2.35; Crystal Lake, 3; Depue, 3; 
Dwight, 8.50; Earlville, 16; Elinwood, 4.78; Evanston, 1st, 
12; Forrest, 15; Galva, 20; Gridley, 15.95; Hennepin, 6; John- 
ston City, 3.70; Jacksonville, 27.41; La Harpe, 1; Lockport, 
2; Mattoon, 8; Maywood, 4.50; Melville, 7; Mendon Ch. and 
S. S., 34.25; Moline, 2nd, 3.75, S. S., 8.3a; New Windsor, 
7, S. S., 3; Normal, 7.63; New Grand Chain, 9.80; Oak 
Park, 1st, 1.96, S. S., 15.81; 2nd, 21.07; 3rd, C. E., 2; 
Onarga, 7.35; Ottawa, 19. 14; Pilgrim, 1.60; Plainfield, "1 1 ; 
Rockefeller, 5.17; Riley, 2.50; Rio, 6.q7; Seatonville, 4.17; 
Sheffield, 154.48; South Chicago, 15; Spring Valley, 4.90; 
Stillman Valley, C. E., 1; Streator, 14; Thawville, 11.67; 
Union Park, 106.05; Vermilion Co., 10.50; Western Springs, 
26.10; Woodburn, W. S., 5; Wyoming, 10.50. 

Illinois W. H. M. U., 729.42; Albion, J. H. Barber, 5; 
Chicago, A. M. Brodie, 73; Jean White Helmer, 10; 
Helen Kingsley, 5; J. F. Mendsen, 10; Chillicothe, E. 
F. Hunter, 25; Devries, Rev. D. J., 5; Interest, 250.27; 
Kedzie, J. H., Legacy, 250; Kenwood Evan. Ch., 100; 
Lake Forest, Mrs. S. A. Nichols, 5; Marseilles, J. Q. 
Adams, 25; Mrs. H. E. Baughman, 100; Ministerial 
Bureau, 20; Moline, H. Ainsworth, 10; Mound City, T. 
M. Ford. 25; Ottawa, Mrs. M. Baldwin, 30; Streator, 
Rev. J. E. Bissell, 5. 

Total, $3,150.15; of which $250 was legacy. 

Receipts in February and March, 1905. 
J. William Rice, Treasurer, Providence. 

Central Falls, E. L. Freeman, 100; Pawtucket, Park PI. 
Ch.,30; Providence, Beneficent Ch., for C. H. M. S., 
8.89; Central Ch., 677.90; River Point, C. E., io; Slaters- 
viile, C. E., 8.50, S. S., 10. Total $845.29 


Reported at the National Office in February and March, 1905. 

~ Bridgeport, Conn., South Ch., W. B. S., box, 195.31; 
Bristol, Conn., 1st Ch., W. H. M. A., 2 bbls. and cash. 
103.97; Brooklyn, N. Y., Central Ch., Zenana Band, 2 
bbls., 169.50; South Ch., L. B. S., box, 135.81; Tomp- 
kins Ave., L. B. S., bbl. and package, 102.56; Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Euclid Ave. Ch., L. A., 3 bbls., 241.17. 
Coventry, Conn., 2nd Ch., Ladies Fragment Soc, bbl., 
54.27; Danville, Vt, bbl., 53.99; Dover, N. H., 1st Ch., L. 
H. M. S., bbl. and box, 91.65; East Northfield, Mass., 
Northfield Seminary, bbl.; Elmwood, Conn., L. H. M. 
S, bbl, 84; Elyria, Ohio, 1st Ch., H. M. A., 2 boxes; 
Fall River, Mass., 1st Ch., L. B. S.,box, no; Farmington, 
Conn., L. B. S., bbl., 76.15; Hanover, N. H., Cong'l Ch. 
at Dartmouth College, L. A., box, 60; Hartford, 
Conn., Center Ch., W. H. M. S., bbl., 153.77; 4 th Ch., 
Woman's Union, box, 132.94; Hopkinton, Mass., Cong'l 
Ch., bbl., 70; Lyme, N. H., L. B. S , box, 70; Manchester, 
N. H, 1st Ch., bbl., 124.40; Meriden, Conn., 1st Ch., 
Benev. Soc, box 92.70; Middletown, Conn., 1st Ch., L, 
H. M. S., bbl., 90; Newark, N. J., 1st Ch., W. U., box, 
76.50; New Britain, Conn., 1st Ch., W. H. M. S., box, 89; 
South Ch., W. C. H. M. S., box, 117.77; New Haven, 
Conn., Howard Ave. Ch., L. H. M. S., box 23.07; Ch. 
of the Redeemer, 3 bbls., 160; New London, Conn., 2nd 
Ch., Ladies Guild, bbl., 53.64; North Hampton, N. H., 
Dorcas Circle, box, 50; Norwich, Conn , B'way Ch., W. 
H. M. S., 3 bbls., 551.82; Philadelphia, Pa., Central Ch., 
W. H. M. S., bbl. and package, 70.64; Sharon, Conn., L. 
S. S., bbl., 93; St. Johnsbury, Vt, North Ch., W. A., 2 
bbls., 101; West Hartford, Conn., 1st Ch.; bbl., 47.18; 
Williamstown, Mass., W. M. S. , box and package, 85. 

Total $3,790.81 

Correction: In January Home Missionary. East 
Orange, N. J., 2 bbls., 182.37, should read, East Orange. 
N. J., Trinity Cong. Ch., 2 bbls., 182.37. 

Rudolph Lenz 


62-65 Bible House 
New York 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. Y. 

Nehemiah Boynton, D.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D. D., . Washington Choate, D.D.T 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 

Chairman CHARLES L. BECKWITH, Recording Secretary 

Rev. William H. Holman Sylvester B. Carter 

m.lan William H. Wanamaker George W. Hebard 

Packard. S. 1'. Cadman I C. C. West 

Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. George P. Stockwell 
Rev. Livingston L. Taylor 

Field Secretary, Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, South Framingham, Mass. 
Field Assistant, MlSS M. Dean MOFFATT. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 
.Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio 

w. D. Curtis, D.D Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

F. Gale, D.D Jacksonville, Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

0. R. Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, _ 

'red K. Wray, D.D Carthage, Mo. Arizona, Utah and Idalio), 

v. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. Salt Lake City 

v. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. John L. Maile Los Angeles, Cal. 

rmon Bross, D.D Lincoln, Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp Forest Grove, Ore. 

v. A. T. Clarke ....Fort Payne, Ala. Rev. Charles A. Jones, 412 South 45th St., Phila., Pa. 

ink E. Jenkins, D.D Atlanta, Ga. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Tex. Rev. J. Homer Parker Kingfisher, Okla. 

H. Thrall, D.D. ...Huron, S. Dak. Geo. L. Todd, D.D. Havana, Cuba 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

y. Charles Harbutt, Secretary Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " " - - Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

A. T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Concord, N. H. 
.St. Johnsbury, Vt. 
.St. Johnsbury, Vt. 
I 609'Cong'l House, 
j Boston, Mass. 

Central Falls, R. I. 
Providence, R. I. 

in B. Cross, Treasurer. 

irles H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary ..Vermont Domestic 

v . Richie, Treasurer. " '" 

5. Emrich, D.D., Secretary Massachusetts Home 

r. Joshua Coit, Treasurer " " 

J. H. Lyon, Secretary. Rhode Island " 

Wm. Rice, Treasurer '• " " 

Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

a W. Jacobs, Treasurer " " " Hartford, Conn. 

v. C. W. Shelton. Secretary New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

*yton S. Fitch, Treasurer " " " " " Fourth Ave. and 22d St. , New York 

v. Charles H. Small, Secretary. ...Ohio " " " ..Cleveland, Ohio 

v. Charles H. Small, Treasurer " .Cleveland, Ohio 

M. Brodie, D.D., Secretary Illinois " " " I 153 La Salle St., 

in W. Uiff, Treasurer.. " " " J Chicago 

imer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary.. Wisconsin " " Beloit, Wis. 

M. Blackman, Treasurer " " " Whitewater, Wis. 

O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary Iowa " •" Grinnell, Iowa 

ss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer " " " " Des Moines, Iowa 

illiam H.Warren, D.D. , Secretary. .Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

;i P. Sanderson, Treasurer.. " " " " Lansing, Mich. 

nryE. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary" Society Topeka, Kan. 

wman, Treasurer " " " " " Topeka, Kan. 

iv. J. K. Harrison, Secretary California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, Cal. 

:o. H. Morgan, Secretary Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo. 

:v. W. W. Newell, Superintendent. "' " " " St. Louis, Mo. 

wis E. Snow, Treasurer " " " " " St. Louis, Mo. 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

year eighteenAundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

Society, and uBBer its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 
•Honorary Life Member. 

* 8 h in 

itlQi^ So 

■^s a snafm Wf msBurHlmM 

a hut 



Absolutely Pure 


A Positive Reli< 
ickly Hea 
and Sunburn. 

Pre st : 

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Gerhard 'ilrsacn Co., Xewiirk, X. J. 




50 Cents a Year 







For JUNK, 1905. 



(Illustrated.) Washington Gladden, D.D. . 


" "Washington Choate, D.D. ... 

Charles L. Morgan, D.D. 

OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE. Conducted by Don O. Shelton 
Evangelistic Spirit and Progress in Home Missions. Don. O. Shelton 
Home Missionary Intelligence a Need of College Students. (Illustrated.) 

Rev. Laura H. Wild ....... 

Why Young People Should Help. (Illustrated.) Rev. Livingston L. 

Taylor ....... 

How Young People May Help. (Illustrated.) William Shaw . 
Enthusiasms and Sacrifices. (Illustrated.) Nehemiah Boynton, D.D. . 


(Illustrated.) Rev. Alexander MacColl .... 


(Dlustrated.) Rev. Charles A. Northrop ..... 


(Illustrated.) Rev. W. H. G. Temple 


(Illustrated.) Charles R. Brown, D.D. 


Federation of State Organizations— The Rule— Questions Answered 















Published monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 






Arc Sold Direct From the Factory, and in No Other Way 

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You pay the actual cost of making it with only our whole- 
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351-3*2 Wctt 13lli Streel, New York 

1868 37th YEAR 1905 

hen writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missionary 

Moderator of the National Council, Preacher of the Annual Sermon 




JUNE, 1905 

No. 3 



r^» EVERAL items go to the mak- 
^^ ing of a successful Annual 
Meeting; such as place, time, 
weather, and the cheer of numbers. 
In most of these conditions the 
Springfield meeting was favored. 
No more beautiful place than the 
"City of Homes" could have been 
chosen, and no other church than the 
historic "First," with its aroma of 
age untainted by the slightest flavor 
of decay, offers a more fitting shrine 
for the celebration of the earliest 
missionary movement on this conti- 
nent. The attendance might have 
been larger, but in the judgment of 
those present — and who are more 
competent judges? — any lack in its 
quantity was made up in the superior 
excellence of its quality ; while, as 
for weather, the good Lord never 
made three fairer summer days than 
the 30th and 31st of May and the 
1 st of June, 1905. 

The meeting opened on the even- 
ing of Decoration Day, when, by the 
happy thought of Pastor Goodspeed, 
about one-half the body of the church 
was occupied by the time worn 
veterans of the Civil War. It was an 
impressive sight recalling to memory 
the patriotic side of American home 
missions; and it was with the sin- 
cerest honor that the large audience 
remained standing, at attention, while 
the veterans filed out of the church 

The Sermon 

The preacher of the year was Dr. 
Washington Gladden of Ohio. Mod- 

erator of the National Council. By 
instinct and training Dr. Gladden is 
a prophet and reformer, never satis- 
fied with things as they are if they 
ought to be, and, by any possibility, 
can be made better. After an appro- 
priate tribute to the veterans present, 
he proceeded to discuss the double 
question — "Is the Nation Christian? 
Is the church Christian?" Claiming 
for himself to be an optimist and 
denying no just claim of the nation 
or the church to be called Christian, 
lie yet found many imperfect joints 
in their Christian armor, more espe- 
cially in their treatment of the com- 
mon people, to whom Christ came 
first and who once heard Him gladly 
but are found in dwindling numbers 
in our churches of to-day. An ab- 
stract of Dr. Gladden's discourse on 
another page will supply to the reader 
just a taste that will whet his desire 
for a full meal when the complete 
sermon appears as published by the 

The Speaking 

The platform was occupied in 
turn by four societies representing 
the Church Planting, the Church 
Building, the Sunday School Plant- 
ing, the College Building work of 
the denomination. The object les- 
son thus presented of unity and co- 
operation between all these depart- 
ments of homeland missions, was 
suggestive and inspiring. Twenty- 
six speakers occupied the platform 
in turn, hailing from ten different 



states, and a stranger entering the 
church at any hour and listening to 
any one of these twenty-six address- 
es would have received the same 
impression, that he was listening to 
a home missionary appeal in the 
broadest and most catholic sense of 
the term. He could not have failed 
also to catch more than once the 
evangelistic note struck at Des Moines 
in October and echoing again and 
again in thestrongpleasof theSpring- 
field meeting. To some it may have 
seemed that several of the addresses 
were of a more serious tone that is 
usual at such gatherings but they 
were obviously attuned to the spirit 
of the audience and met with an 
unmistakable response. 

The Business Meeting 

Three sessions were given to bus- 
iness and of this time all but the 
smallest fraction was devoted to the 
consideration of the Report of the 
Committee of Five. This committee 
consisting of Dr. Charles S. Mills of 
St. Louis, Chairman, Dr. W. Doug- 
las MacKenzie of Hartford, Mr. W. 
W. Mills of Marietta, Dr. H. P. De- 
Forest of Detroit and Mr. Arthur H. 
Wellman of Boston, were appointed 
at Des Moines in October last, with 
instructions to inquire into all mat- 
ters of administration and finance 
and into all relations between the 
National society and its auxiliaries. 
Their report, contained in a printed 
pamphlet of twenty-eight pages, and 
presented by Dr. Mills, bore evi- 
dence of patient and painstaking 

After an earnest but temperate 
discussion, continuing most of the 
day, its main propositions with few 
eliminations or amendments were 
adopted, which, if made operative 
by constitutional amendments to be 
voted upon at the next annual meet- 
ing, amount to a radical reconstruc- 
tion of home missionary organiza- 
tion and methods. 

We have space here for only a 
general summary of the plan pro- 
posed : 

i States hitherto known as "Aux- 
iliary" states to be known as "Con- 
stituent" states. 

2 States hitherto known as "De- 
pendent" or "Beneficiary" states, 
to be known as "Co-operative" 
states, wherever state home mis- 
sionary societies exist duly organi- 
zed and incorporated. 

3 All other states and all other 
territory, included in the society's 
work to be known as "The Mis- 
sionary District." 

4 The annual voting members of 
the society now elected by state 
associations and conferences of 
churches to be elected by the state 
home missionary societies. 

5 The final govering body subject 
only to the society, to be a Board of 
Directors of twenty-one members 
made up of one representative from 
each constituent state society and 
six directors at large, at least two 
of whom shall be from co-operating 
states, this board to meet twice a 
year, once in connection with the 
annual meeting of the society to 
elect officers and superintendents 
and again in the month of January 
to determine the apportionment of 
home missionary funds among all 
the states on a percentage plan of 

6 An executive committee of nine 
to be appointed at the annual meet- 
ing of the Board of Directors, the 
secretary of the society to be ex 
officio a member of the committee 
and its chairman; this committee to 
be vested with power sufficient to 
manage the details of the work mak- 
ing annual report of its doings to 
the directors. 

Such are the main features of the 
plan adopted. Should it be put into 
effect, by the revision of the constitu- 
tion, it will then remain to be deter- 
mined whether it is sufficient 
to secure the two most essential 
conditions of home missionary 
prosperity, namely money enough 
for the development of the society's 
work and harmony in all its coun- 


By Washington Gladden, D.D. 

Moderator of the National < 'ouncil 


"The Spirit of the Lord is upon me 
because He hath anointed me to preach 
good tidings to the poor; He hath sent me 
to proclaim release to the captives, and 
recovery of sight to the blind; to set at 
liberty them that are bruised, to proclaim 
the acceptable year of the Lord." Luke 
IV. 18, 19. 

The anniversary of this home mission- 
ary society must always take on a patriotic 
as well as a religious character, and it 
is therefore fitting that it should occur 
on Decoration Day. I desire to draw 
your attention to certain truths which lie 
equally at the foundation of the church 
and of the nation — truths which we are 
in danger of forgetting, but of which, on 
this day, we may fitly be reminded. 

Is this a Christian nation? Not in any 
formal or legal sense. Christianity is not 
established by law. The nation would not 
be Christian in the truest sense if it un- 
dertook to enforce by law Christian beliefs 
or observances. That would be an infrac- 
tion of the principle of religious freedom 
which is fundamental to Christianity. 

But a nation, as well as a man, may 
have a Christian character; and while we 
have no desire to see the establishment 
by law of any form of religion, most of 
us would be willing to see the nation in 
its ruling aims and purposes becoming 
essentially Christian. 

Is the church Christian? In its doc- 
trines, its ordinances, its confession, it 
is. Yet the church must prove her right 
to the Christian name, not by her doc- 
trines or her ceremonies, but by her char- 
acter. The question with the church as 
with the man is whether she lives the 
Christian life. 

There is one test which we may apply 
to the church and to the nation, to see 
whether they deserve the Christian name. 
The quality which this test demands is 
not the only essential Christian quality, 
but it is one of the essential qualities. It 
is brought to light in the text. These are 
words which Jesus read in the synagogue 
at Nazareth from the book of the prophet 
Isaiah, and applied to himself. He de- 
clares that He is the anointed one, the 
Messiah; the Spirit of God is upon Him; 
and the proof of His divine commission 
is seen in the fact that He becomes the 
servant and the helper of the poor and 
the unfortunate and the needy. 

I lis whole life made good that claim. 
This was the characteristic of His life and 
mission ; more than once He pointed to 
this as the sign of His Messiahship — that 
lie identified Himself with the lowly and 
the needy, with the common people, with 
the weak and the poor and the friendless. 

If this was the characteristic of the 
Christ it must be the characteristic of 
the Christian. The man, the church, the 
nation that rightly bears the Christian 
name must possess this characteristic. 
They must have other qualities also, but 
they must not lack these. No matter how 
many other good things you may be able 
to say about them, if these cannot be 
said you must not call them Christians. 

With this understanding of the Word, is 
there a Christian nation? I think that 
this nation has deserved to be called by 
that great name. It has sometimes been 
selfish and careless and cruel, but a great 
humanity' has been constantly revealed in 
our national life. I remember quoting, 
many years ago, to James Bryce, who 
knows us so much better than we know 
ourselves, a remark of one of our own 
publicists — that American legislation, in 
the State and the Nation, was "ignorant, 
clumsy and brutal." He answered quickly : 
"Ignorant? Yes. Clumsy? Yes, of 
course. But brutal? No; that is not 
true. The legislation of America is full 
of the most humane intentions." I am 
sure that this has been true. Lowell 
knew his motherland when he spoke of 
her as, 

" She that lifts up the manhood of the poor, 

She of the open heart and open door, 
With room about her hearth for all mankind." 

It was a great impulse of sympathy with 
the lowly that drew this nation into its 
costly struggle with slavery; it is an al- 
truistic habit that has led us to interpose, 
wherever we could, in behalf of oppressed 
people. I have been putting these state- 
ments into the past tense. Do I mean to 
suggest that this is no longer the national 
character? No; but I do mean to raise 
the question whether the nation is not in 
danger of falling from the high position. 
It must be confessed that the nation is 
exposed to perils on this side. There is 

*The full report of Dr. Gladden's sermon will be 
published in leaflet form and will be mailed on 



a powerful class which has little sym- 
pathy with the humble and the poor — 
which builds up its fortunes by levying 
tribute on their earnings ; there are hun- 
dreds of thousands of others who look ad- 
miringly upon the exploits of this class 
and would gladly imitate them ; and there 
is a great multitude whose interests, in 
one way or another, are identified with 
this class and who do not like to offend 
them ; so that powerful influences are at 
work to lower the compassionate tone of 
the national feeling toward the less pros- 
perous classes. 

While wealth with gigantic strides has 
been mounting up at one end of the social 
scale, poverty with stealthy step has been 
creeping in at the other. There can be 
no question that the number of those who 
are always living on the verge of want is 
growing fast. 

This is due, certainly in part, to the fact 
:hat opportunity has been contracted and 
incentive withdrawn, and burdens in- 
creased, while accident and disease which 
are the direct result of human greed, and 
which are prevented by wise social regula- 
tion, are crippling and disabling many. 
Must we not confess that instead of identi- 
fying itself with the fortunes of its hum- 
blest people, the nation has been permit- 
ting its power to be used, more and more, 
oy the strong, for their aggrandizement? 

This tendency does not, indeed, domi- 
nate all lives. There is still a great multi- 
tude of those who do not mean that the 
nation shall be faithless to her ideals. 
Among these there is none with better 
chosen purposes than the man at the head 
of the nation. It is such leadership as 
his that we must follow. The nation 
must not sell its birthright for gold. It 
must incarnate the life of Christ in its 
national life. It must make the great 
masses of the common people know and 
feel that it is their country, that their 
homes are its care, that their welfare is 
:ts pride. 

And now what shall we say of the 
church? Is it worthy to bear the Chris- 
tian name? Can it say of itself what its 
Master said of Himself, "the spirit of the 
Lord is upon Me, because He hath 
anointed Me to preach the glad tidings 
to the poor?" Is it the characteristic of 
the church that it identifies itself with the 
lowly, that it keeps the same hold upon 
the common people that its Master always 

If we speak of the church of history its 
record is bright. But how about the 
church of the present? The Roman 
Catholic church has the right to call itself 
Christian, so far as identification with the 
common people can give it the right; with 
our Congregational churches, with most of 
our Protestant churches, the case is not 

so clear. I fear that they are becoming 
more and more the churches of the em- 
ployers, and of those industrially and 
socially affiliated with them, and less and 
less the churches of the plain people who 
work with their hands. If the tendency 
continues the day is not distant when this 
separation will be practically complete. Is 
this a result which any one can contem- 
plate with equanimity? Would it not seal 
the doom of the church? What must be 
the relation of Jesus Christ to a church 
which is suffering itself to drift into this 

Neither the church nor the nation can 
endure, if these tendencies are not checked. 
And there comes to-day a mighty call to 
the church to save the life of the nation 
in saving its own life. The church is the 
soul of the nation, if the nation has a soul. 
If the church were alive with the life of 
Christ the nation could not perish. The 
trouble is that the church has so far for- 
gotten its real mission, and its essential 
character that it has lost no small measure 
of its power. Its alliance is mainly with 
the prosperous. Its hopes are centered 
upon the strong and the influential. I do 
not say that it has wholly lost its interest 
in the poor; that is nowhere true; but 
that interest has ceased to be, in too many 
cases, the central and commanding inter- 
est. It is not an apostate church. God 
forbid that I should say any such thing, 
but it is a church of whom he that holdeth 
the seven stars in his right hand is saying: 
"I know thy works and thy labor and thy 
patience; nevertheless, I have this against 
thee— that thou didst leave thy first love" — 
the love that thou didst leave at the feet 
of the Master, the love of the humblest 
and the neediest. Thou hast been looking 
mainly for help to the prosperous and the 
powerful ; thou hast forgotten whence thy 
strength must come. 

This is the message for the churches, 
for all the churches. It is their life that 
needs to be replenished ; and they will 
never find their life till they find a way 
of bridging the chasm which separates 
them from those who would, we know, 
be the closest friends of Christ if He were 
here — of whom He has said : "Inasmuch 
as ye have done unto one of the least of 
these, ye have done it unto me." I do 
not believe that our evangelism will ac- 
complish anything until we solve the 
problem; when it is solved, a flame of 
sacred love will be kindled that will run 
like prairie fire all over the land. 

It is your message, brethren of the 
society, yours because it is ours. On the 
frontiers, in the hamlets, in the swarming 
polyglot populations of the cities, you 
must make friends with the poor. They 
are your true allies. Win their love and 
all is well with you. 

By Secretary Washington Choate, D.D. 

GATHERING to-day on the thresh. .Id 
of the eightieth year of organized 
National Home Missions, conditions 
— so unusual — so far unprecedented, pre- 
vail as to command our attention and con- 
sideration. Seventy-nine years of persist- 
ent, unflagging effort to keep the banner 
of the cross by the side of that of the 
nation as our continental expansion has 
been wrought out, are completed. The 
work of these years has passed into history. 

In this period, to this Society, including 
the auxiliary fields, has been entrusted by 
the Christian patriotism of the churches, 
more than twenty- two and a quarter mil- 
lion dollars, for the sole and single purpose 
of planting the church of Jesus Christ and 
proclaiming the gospel of His redemption 
to the people of this land. 

To this one form of Christian service, with 
minor exceptions, has this Society limited 
itself. Collateral and cooperating agencies 
have wrought with us side by side. Church- 
building? college-planting, Sunday school 
organizing societies have found their liberal 
support by the same patriotic hearts and 
hands. Could any approximate estimate 
be made of Congregational gifts that have 
gone into all the forms of organized effort 
for winning and holding this land for 
Christ, it would be, without possibility of 
question, a most notable part of the $365,- 
000,000 "invested for the Christian civili- 
zation of America during the last hundred 

And because it has been recognized that 
the organized church, the individual, local 
church, is the " factory of moral energy in 
the nation — the power house of the entire 
civic system on its moral side" — into this 
one form of Christian service to the land, ' 
has Christian patriotism put its two and 
twenty millions of dollars — a superb record 
for giver and administrator. 

Another factor worthy of mention of the 
seventy-nine years of the Society's history 
is found in the more than 6,000 churches 
that have been planted and fostered — four- 
fifths of our Congregational ranks owing 
their beginnings and development to the 
missionary care of this Mother of Churches. 
Whatever Congregationalism is as a Chris- 
tian force in our national religious life to- 
day it owes, above all other human agen- 
cies, to the beneficence of this people, 
applied to the unceasingly expanding field 
of need, by this organization honored of 
God and blessed by ten thousands of human 
hearts to whom the gospel of divine com- 
fort has thus come. But conditions unu<=uai, 
unprecedented, have gathered about this 
agency of our denominational life for min- 
istering to the weaker and dependent mem- 
bers of our ecclesiastical body. 

The tide of beneficence which, with 
periods of recession, has yet maintained a 
splendid advance, has been slow in its turn 
since the commercial and industrial depres- 
sion of the latter years of the nineties; 
though we rejoice to-day that signs of re- 
covery are appearing. 

The multiplication of objects of Christian 
benevolence; changing conditions in those 
sections of the country which have been 
for three quarters of a century ever flowing 
fountains, pouring forth their streams of 
blessing into every form of Christ'an ser- 
vice ; the passing of the stage of romance 
in Home Missions when the charm of dis- 
tance and the novelty of the opening of 
new and unknown regions has been dissi- 
pated by the spreading network of the rail- 
road, and the telegraph and telephone wire 
has brought us within speaking range of 
the frontier home; or it may be that poli- 
cies and methods of conducting the work, 
once the most effective and fruitful — - 
methods of administration on the mission- 
ary field and of pressing home upon the 
hearts of the givers in our older states 
require adjustment to changed conditions 
in our church life; or, perchance, a system 
of organization by which the older and the 
newer portions of the land can be cared for 
in their great needs of home missionay ser- 
vice — must be remodeled in the light and 
under the conditions of change which 
eighty years have brought about since the 
American Home Missionary Society had its 
birth in 1S26. These factors — all these, with 
perhaps others — enter into the conditions 
unusual, unprecedented that confront this 
honored Society to-day. The Committee of 
Five, provided for by the last Annual 
Meeting of this Society, awaits our business 
session to present its report. 

To this Committee, the Executive Board 
and Office have rendered every service de- 
sired ; all books of record and of account 
have been open, methods and policies have 
been explained. The difficulties and 
advantages of the Society's modes of 
operation have been stated, in so far 
as opportunity has been offered or desire 


The close of the seventy-seventh year of 
the Society's work, March 31, 1903, showed 
the Society free from indebtedness, a fact 
which alone made the year a "Marked 
Year " in a decade. The ebb in the tide of 
the Society's receipts seemed to have ceased. 
We trusted the flood tide had commenced. 
But the hopes thus awakened have been 
painfully disappointed. The seventy- 
eighth year closed with an indebtedness of 



$122,000 and the past year has added to 
that, so that to-day we are compelled to 
report to you a debt of $180,000. 

This is an unusual and unprecedented 

Such a fact may naturally prompt the 
questions: How has it occurred ? and what 
has the Executive Board done to meet it ? 
The close of a year free from all indebted- 
ness and the apparent turn in the tide of 
the Society's receipts seemed to justify your 
Committee in heeding, in some small meas- 
ure, the urgent, pressing calls for the gospel, 
the missionary, the church, that came up 
to us from every part of the field we are 
commissioned to serve in behalf of Congre- 
gationalism. The meagre sum of $10,000, 
about one-tenth of the amount pleaded for 
by superintendents and state home mis- 
sionary committees, was ventured in the 
name of our 6,000 churches. No power of 
human vision could foresee that in that 
seventy-eighth year the receipts of the 
Society from legacies and investment in- 
come would drop $97,000, with a shrinkage 
from other sources, not the churches and 
missionary organizations, of $14,000. 

There was no disturbance in the business 
world. Commercial prosperity abounded 
on every side. Special efforts — new meas- 
ures — had been adopted to promote the 
financial prosperity of the Society. But the 
year which had closed with the jubilant 
note — no debt — was followed by one with 
the treasury burdened with a debt of 
$122,000 at its close. 

To meet these conditions your Executive 
Committee applied a reduction of $32,000 
to the Society's obligations for the seventy- 
nineth year — costly in its paralyzing effects 
in any work though such a measure be, 
and almost disastrous when the objects 
of our ministering hand are the little bands 
of Christian people, isolated, weak, abso- 
lutely dependent on the missionary grant, 
whose only strength is in the fellowship of 
our denominationa} life which our aid ex- 
presses. But business prudence demanded 
it. In connection with this reduction a 
careful study was made of the several fields, 
to discover the less hopeful points of our 
work, any unneeded churches where the 
withholding of the missionary could be 
made without real loss, or with the least 
injury, where our little groups of Congre- 
gational Christians could be urged, com- 
pelled into the fellowship of other denomi- 
nations. The policy of the Society that 
every church shall each year do more for 
itself and receive less from the missionary 
treasury, was more rigidly enforced. And 
such a. requirement may be, not unfre- 
quently, detrimental — at the cost of the 
stronger pastorate, which in the end more 
surely and firmly builds the church to 
stable self-support. 

But a new and lower scale of missionary 
grants cannot go into full effect at any 
given time. The pledges of a previous 

year run on far into the new year. The 
results of a reduction in appropriations are 
not realized for many months. Hence it is 
that notwithstanding the reduction of 
$32,000 in the fiscal year 1904-1905 and 
increased receipts of $31,974 there has yet 
been added to the indebtedness of the 
Society $58,000 — bringing the outstanding 
obligations to-day to $180,000. 

The comparative figures of the two years, 
however, show a reduction in payments to 
the missionary field of $25,000; in payments 
to Auxiliary Societies $7,000; in cost of 
communicating information, $4,000; in cost 
of administration $1,600; while the income 
of the seventy-nineth year was $35,000 in 
excess of the preceding year. 

But again retrenchment has been applied. 
It is the purpose of your Committee to 
bring this work within the bounds that the 
Congregational Churches determine as their 
responsibility in the Christianizing of 

For this eightieth year upon which we 
have entered, another reduction, of like 
amount, $32,000, has been made; — $64,000 
in two years — in a work crying unceasingly 
for enlargement; leaving untouched towns, 
villages, communities that are absolutely 
without the gospel and whose piteous cry 
has come to us, to be answered with a 

Could this cry for help but go through 
the land and reach the ears of the Christian 
people as they have rung in the hearing of 
your Committee, your commands would be 
" Forward ! " and gifts would flow in super- 
abundance to this treasury now weighted 
down with its burden of debt. For the 
work is yours to be done or left undone, as 
you direct. 

I quote a single instance. It does not 
stand alone. Superintendent Kingsbury, 
under date of March 30, 1905, writes: " You 
have heard of Goldfield, Nevada. A second 
Cripple Creek. They have already taken 
out millions. A great throng of people and 
increasing every day. Here is a special, 
very exceptional case. There are thirty 
members of our church in Creede, Colorado, 
there. Their former pastor is in California. 
They sent a delegation to him a few weeks 
ago to see if something could be done to 
give them the gospel. Now that is not 
'new work' in the ordinary sense. They 
are our 'flesh and blood.' I do not know 
what we can do. Something we must do." 
As yet we have done — nothing — because of 
the present, financially. 


The financial conditions have forced upon 
us the necessity of reducing the force by 
which the work is kept before the giving 
churches. The office of eastern represent- 
ative, opened in Boston two years ago, is. 
closed. To a larger degree the Society 


must depend upon the pastors of our 
churches to know the needs and opportuni- 
ties of Home Missions and press them home 
upon their people. Indeed the pastor is 
the key to the situation, however large the 
official force of a work may be. The real 
leadership of the churches is in the pastor- 
ate. With a deep, intense, missionary 
spirit in the pulpit, there will be burning 
hearts in the pews, and missionary Christ- 
ians in the homes. Missions do not live 
and thrive according to the number of offi- 
cials. Only so many as are absolutely 
needed to efficiently administer a greal 
work which is wide-reaching in its details 
and complex in its relations should there 
be. As the churches are the source of sup- 
ply, so the pastors are the representatives to 
them of their nation-wide and world-wide 

The permanent, supporting constituency 
of any missionary enterprise must be the 
churches. Not single, large givers, but all, 
according to their ability, and all can be 
reached only through the man in the pulpit. 

A new constituency must be formed out 
of every new generation. 

The fathers in whose hearts American 
Home Missions had its birth have gone. 
The children who caught from their burn- 
ing spirits the enthusiasm of the opportu- 
nity and needs of a great nation rising on 
this continent, spreading its life from ocean 
to ocean, conquering the wilderness and 
transforming its wastes into splendid com- 
monwealths, mighty cities and innumerable 
towns, have largely gone. 

The fire of a new duty and a Jtetu oppor- 
tunity is not now to be kindled. But new 
hearts are to be inflamed every day with 
the great duty and the great opportunity 
which the present constantly offers. If the 
romance of earlier days has gone, the dead 
earnest of the present and continuing 
necessity is upon us. 

Said Dr. Jefferson in his recent address 
at Des Moines: "America, the Republic of 
the West, the mightiest experiment in 
free government known to history, land 
of the Pilgrim's pride, land where our 
fathers died, Washington's land, Lincoln's 
land, our Holy land, must be rescued from 
the hands of the Saracen of the Twentieth 
Century. Where shall we get the fire ? 
Let us get it where God puts it, in the 
hearts of the young." 

To create a new constituency of the 
young is one feature of present plan and 
effort of this Society. The plan is in oper- 
ation. To this in large measure our asso- 
ciate secretary devotes his energies. Lit- 
erature that shall help in creating and 
developing interest; that shall give knowl- 
edge of the work ; individual missionaries 
sustained in whole or in part by individual 
young people's societies; conferences and 
campaigns for organization and for awak- 
ening enthusiasm; mission study classes, 
mission study books, concert exercises — in 

short, systematic plans and efforts are in 
active operation, whose result must be to 
impress upon our young people the great 
fact of God's hand in American history, 
and, indicating what we believe to be God's 
purpose in American life and its develop- 
ment, to rally them to the support of this 
great task by prayer and gifts and conse- 
cration to personal service in the work. 
Here is grounded the whole future of this 
work — of all work for the bettering of the 

1 'poii the side of support — of resources — 
of provision for the undimishing needs of 
the missionary field east and west, north 
and south, — no line of activity is superior 
in its promises, or larger in its range than 
this. We must foster it, cultivate it, lay 
upon it the stress of all our energies, for 
the sake of what is yet to be done in saving 
this land for Christ. 

But the present in plan and effort looks 
also to coming into closer touch and contact 
with those who already are directly related 
to this Society and its work through life 

To-day more than ten thousand persons 
hold certificate of Life Membership or 
Honorary Life Membership in this Society. 
In these, this work should find ten thousand 
hearts peculiarly and increasingly in- 
terested. Such relation to a missionary 
organization should be more than nominal ; 
it should be vital. 

To make it so, a message has gone out to 
these Life Members, telling the story of 
our need, and seeking to quicken in each 
some measure of personal responsibility for 
relief from the hampering, trammeling 
conditions which retard the work to-day. 

Is it too much to expect that among those 
may be found the most ardent lovers of a 
noble cause and most zealous helpers of a 
great Christian enterprise. 


First: the increasing need, which has 
become almost critical and threatening in 
its extent, of a qualified Congregational 
ministry for the missionary churches. 
From every quarter of the land; from the 
East and from the West where this work is 
going on, comes the inquiry — where can we 
find the men for those churches which are 
dependent on the missionary grant. Our 
theological seminaries are not supplying 
them. The Bible training schools are not 
equipping them for this work of a continu- 
ous church strengthening pastorate. The 
cry for the right kind of ministry for the 
missionary church comes from New Eng- 
land as loudly as from any western state. 

Two years ago, the state in which one of 
our theological seminaries is situated ab- 
sorbed every member of the graduating 
class. To-day all the Congregational mem- 



bers of the graduating class of one of our 
New England seminaries are wanted by 
churches within ioo miles of the institu- 
tion. Our superintendents come from the 
West to the eastern seminaries only to go 
back disappointed and without recruits to 
their ranks. 

To an inquiry recently made, 158 men 
were wanted for vacant churches. 

The first problem on the field is the lack 
of men. 

Second: the place among our national 
problems which immigration has come to 
occupy is increasingly significant. 

In recent years the character of the im- 
migrants as indicated by the lands of their 
birth — Eastern and Southern Europe — has 
been forcibly emphasized. 

The special factor of the present problem 
is the volume of immigration which for the 
nation's security and stability must be 
assimilated and transformed into qualified 

In the fifty-four and one-half years, from 
January 1850 to July 1904. a little less than 
twenty million foreign born have come 
hither constituting America's problem of 
the alien. Of these 1,700,000 have come to 
us in the last two completed years — an aver- 
age of 2.300 per day. 

If the present rate continues, another 
decade will compel us to face the tremen- 
dous volume of eight and one-half millions, 
the great majority from lands where popu- 
lar education is unknown, and self govern- 
ment not yet even a dream. 

The political aspect of the question — 
whether free, restricted, or prohibited, im- 
migration should be the law of the land is 
not for us to discuss on this platform. 

But as churches of the living God, upon 
whom has been laid the task of making 
and keeping America a Christian nation, 
not one of the vast problems before us de- 
mands greater energy or support than this. 

It constitutes the imminent factor in our 
city problem. It underlies the transforma- 
tion so rapidly taking place in all our older 
states. It is present and urgent in every 
one of the states of the earlier settled West 
and of the great Northwest. It is the grow- 
ing problem of the Home Missions. 

To meet this part of our task, the National 
Society is spending some $30,000 annually 
and from no part of the field to which we 
are seeking to give the gospel come louder, 
more urgent calls, in none are there larger 
opportunities than in our foreign home field. 

Nowhere have there been more marked 
or encouraging results. Our foreign speak- 
ing churches have grown, where others have 
but held their own. Here, by the blessing 
of God, we have the workers which are 
lacking for our English speaking churches. 
From the foreign departments of Oberlin 
and the Chicago Seminaries and the Schauf- 
fler Training School of Cleveland, workers 
are coming forth to whom we cannot offer 
fields of work for lack of funds. 

The clear vision of the late Dr. Richard 
S. Storrs saw the deep significance of our 
great task when he wrote: " The future of 
the world is pivoted on the question 
whether the Protestant churches in America 
can hold, enlighten, purify the people born 
or gathered into its great compass " 

For American Protestantism to accom- 
plish this vast work. American Congrega- 
tionalism must fulfill its mission to the 


By Rev. C. L. Morgan, D.D. 
of Illinois, Chairman 

It is with a sense of vast loss, not only 
to the work of home missions, but to every 
interest of Christ's kingdom, that we 
deplore the death of Henry A. Schauffkr, 
D.D., the consecrated and able super- 
intendent of the Slavic department. Only 
the future will fitly estimate the signifi- 
cance of a life so utterly devoted as his 
to the service of a great people. 

The year which records this signal loss 
we find has been a year of trial in many 
respects. W r hile no other, either of the 
administrative or missionary force has 
been called from earth, yet the vicissitudes 
of a depleted treasury and burdensome 
debt have compelled a retrenchment which 

has permitted the society to achieve little 
more than hold its own, and only this by 
adding $58,160 to the already heavy debt 
of $122,538 incurred during the previous 
year. We are compelled to ask what it 
means that, now, when, as never since the 
early settling of the central west, has the 
need of the home missionary been more 
imperative, the resources for the work fall 
so far beneath the demand. It is gratify- 
ing that the gifts through legacies have 
exceeded those of the previous year by 
$46,066, so that the entire receipts of the 
year have been $243,466, as compared with 
$211,492 of the year previous; but still 
$74,273 less than the year ending March 



31. 1903. The effort of the administration 
to bring the expenditures nearer the prob- 
able receipts is shown in a retrenchment 
on the mission fields of $33,164, and in 
the expense of publishing and administra- 
tion, of $2,930, or nearly thirteen per cent 
of last year's cost. 

Such retrenchment has compelled the 
reduction of the missionary force in a 
majority of the most needy states. Min- 
nesota has suffered the loss of thirteen 
missionaries, Nebraska nineteen, North 
Dakota seventeen. South Dakota nine, 
Colorado nine, California eight, and many 
others from two to six. The superintend- 

they are what they are. A marked feature 
of the year has been an increased evangel - 
i stic fervor. Chiefly, however, as the re- 
sult of diminished workers, the Sundav 
school scholars number less than last year 
by 17.961, new schools less by thirty-five 
and the additions to churches less by 

The reduction of workers and results 
along almost the entire line combined witr 
the present debt of $180,698 presents c 
condition which constrains most serious 

The chief factor of the reduced re- 
sources has been the decreasing amoun: 

Chairman of the Committee of Five 

ent of Minnesota voices the lament of 
others when he says that such retrench- 
ment "has reduced the force and the aid 
below the point of efficacy if not of safety. 
Valued men have gone from us, not being 
able to support their families on the salary 
offered ; evangelistic workers desiring to 
press into new opportunities have been 
restrained." And yet in practically every 
superintendent's report there rings the 
valorous note of courage and confidence 
inspired, not only by the victories won 
during the year, but by the unwavering 
faith that Congregationalists will not prove 
untrue to that cause by virtue of which 

in legacies, due in part, it is probable, to 
the mistaken thought that the new settlers 
period is practically over and so the 
urgent need of help in pre-empting territory 
for Christ. But whoever knows the facts 
respecting the changing population both 
of east and west, and how township after 
township and not rarely whole counties 
which once supported flourishing churches 
have yielded to a foreign population which 
care little for the church or the Sabbath, 
must realize that if what was pre-empted 
is to be saved for the kingdom, the work 
of home missions must for years to come 
have a first place in our prayers and sac- 


rifice. Hear the mighty tread of those 
armies, one with every month averaging 
one hundred thousand strong, which not 
only this year will precipitate their ranks 
upon our shores, but the next, and the 
next, and tell us, what is to be our future, 
and who shall avert the threatening peril, 
unless by rallying with new devotion to 
the cause this society represents we help 
subdue this host to the sway of the Cross. 
And, to this end the first demand is to 
bury the debt whose pall of gloom now 
shadows all our hearts. It cannot be met 
by retrenchment. We have retrenched 
$35-983. but still our debt has grown. It 
is the hour for heroic deeds. Who are 
the Lord's stewards to inspire a debt pay- 
ing victory such as shall make this Spring- 
field meeting forever memorable? 

Everywhere, say our Executive Commit- 
tee, is heard the call for MEN of Con- 
gregational training. A large share of 
the men on our home missionary fields 
to-day, for lack of adequate Congrega- 
tional supply, are "pickups" from every 
quarter. Some are indeed worthy acquisi- 
tions of whom we are proud, but very 
many are wholly unfit for the need. 
Our seminaries are unable to furnish one- 
half the men needed for the mission field. 
Nor, save for a short period of stagnation 
following the financial panic of 1893, have 
our seminaries possessed this ability for 
twenty-five years. If Congregational home 
mission fields are to have Congregational 
ministers, it is imperative that some 
method like that of a special course, so 
unfortunately abandoned by our semina- 
ries, shall be again inaugurated. The busi- 
ness which undertook to put at every post 
a man educated for the superintendency, 
would not only be the laughing stock of 
the street but deserve the inevitable failure. 
Yet a folly akin to this under a plea for 
the impossible, viz. : the best educated 
minister for every smallest mission, lies 
at the source of our present seventh or 
eighth rank in American denominations, 
where our prestige coupled with wisdom 
should have easily given us the first. 

In closing, a few words respecting the 
economy of the financial management so 
seriously impeached at Des Moines. 

It is a thousand pities that figures should 
ever be unfairly used to challenge the 
business sagacity of a beneficent society. 
Consider the facts. The resources of this 
as of all our benevolent societies have for 
years come largely through legacies. To 
reckon simply the gifts of living donors 
and then contrast with these the entire 
cost both of publication, of agencies and 
administration, and imply that the cost of 
administration is fifty per cent of the in- 
come is upon its face a serious injustice. 
As every one knows the publications of 
the society go through all the land, and 
the field agents are almost constantly on 

the field. The only expenditure justly 
chargeable to cost of administration is that 
which comes under this head in the report 
of the treasurer. Note the simple facts. 
The total receipts of the society from 
living donors and legacies, for the year 
I903 : 4 were $215,082. The cost of actual 
administration was $27,704, thirteen per 
cent of the income. 

Or if we include the entire cost of pub- 
lications and agencies which sum up 
$55,811, yet this was but twenty-six per 
cent of the income. During the year just 
closed the whole income was $243,466, and 
the administration expenses $29,055, eleven 
and one-half per cent of the income; or 
adding to this the expense of publication 
and agencies making $52,981, but twenty- 
one and three-quarters per cent of the in- 
come. As a business fact the real admin- 
istration expenses of the society have for 
a number of years averaged about fifteen 
per cent of the income. 

If we compare the administration ex- 
penses of the society with that of similar 
societies the comparison will not prove to 
its disparagement. To cite one instance; 
the American Missionary Association re- 
ceived during 1903-4 from living donors 
and legacies $268,875. The entire cost of 
publication agencies and administration 
was $54,907, or twenty per cent of the in- 
come. That of this society with $25,000 
less income was twenty-one and three- 
quarters per cent. Had this society re- 
ceived two-thirds the income of the 
American Board, say $500,000, the admin- 
istration expenses would have been but 
five per cent of its income. Examination 
will show for the majority of our state 
auxiliaries an average cost for administra- 
tion of not less than twenty to twenty- 
five per cent of the income. With no 
knowledge as to the investigation of the 
special committee, appointed last fall be- 
cause of the unfortunate implication of 
extravagance, this simple statement of 
facts would seem to assure us that the 
most searching examination will but attest 
the faithful and economic management of 
the society's affairs. 

Finally, as respects the wisdom of a 
removal of the society's, headquarters from 
New York to Chicago, this significant fact 
must be remembered, viz. : that of the 
$95,873 bestowed last year by living donors 
$5 I <332 or fifty-five per cent came from the 
New England and middle states, while, of 
the $147,593 given in legacies, $127,102 or 
eighty-five per cent came from the New 
England and middle states. Whether it 
would be wisdom to remove the society's 
headquarters twelve hundred miles west 
of the nest where seventy-three per cent 
of all the golden eggs are laid we submit 
to the candid consideration of those who 
wish not the depletion but enlargement of 
our resources. 





By Don O. Shelton 
New ) 'ork ( 'ity 

N the familiar letters that Where the Evangelistic evangelistic spirit, on the part 

Paul sent to his friends 

at Phillipi he dwelt in a 
forceful way on the necessity 
and possibility of growth in 
Christian character and pro- 
gress in advancing the King- 
dom of Christ. He said that he was con- 
fident that he who had begun a good 
work in them would finish it. He cited 
his own personal experiences to prove 
that in spite of all adverse conditions, 
God enables the man who heartily does 
His will to bring forth increasing fruitage. 
"I would ye should understand, brethren" 
he said, "that the things which happened 
unto me have fallen out rather unto the 
furtherance of the gospel." As with in- 
dividuals who are responsive to the will 
of God. so it is with organizations that 
He calls into being for the establish- 
ment of His Kingdom. He who begins 
his work in an individual, or through an 
organization, designs to complete his 
work, wills to perfect it. The process in- 
volves continued growth, expansion, ad- 

That God called this Congregational 
Home Missionary Society into being, that 
He has worked through it, no one who 
knows its history can for a moment doubt. 
And I believe that He who began this 
good work desires to perfect it, to com- 
plete it. 

Many eagerly desire that the Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society shall ad- 
vance, that it shall promptly and efficiently 
take advantage of the great opportunities 
offered for the extension of its service. 
What conditions are favorable to increased 
Christian achievement? The evangelistic 
spirit is absolutely essential. The church 
that does not possess it. proves itself dis- 
obedient to its Master, and steadily de- 
clines in capacity. When the spiritual life 
of the church is vigorous, the evangelistic 
purpose and spirit of the church will be 
evident in all its activities. Without 
vigorous spiritual life and without the 

Spirit is, there will be 
a Deep and Growing 
Practical Interest in 
Home Missions 

of the churches, a permanent 
increase in home missionary 
effort cannot be expected. 
When the church is aggres- 
sively evangelistic \ when the 
spiritual life of the churches 
missionary interest and zeal 

is strong, 
will follow. 

When the members of the early church 
were persecuted and scattered abroad, 
they went everywhere preaching the 
gospel. Why? They were filled with the 
spirit of God. They acted in response to 
an irresistible inner impulse. 

The need of new spiritual life on the 
part of our Congregational churches is 
clear, and the need of aggressiveness and 
of enlargement of effort on the part of 
this great society is equally clear. Con- 
sider four facts : 

i. Our work in great cities must be re- 
enforced, re-invigorated. New York City 
is a striking illustration of this need. On 
the most reliable authority it is stated that 
there are in New York City over one 
million people utterly churchless. 

2. A great metropolitan church, with 
large financial resources, and located at the 
center of a densely populated section of 
a great city, reports but sixteen additions 
to church membership each year on con- 
fession of faith, for the last seven years. 

3. There are in America twenty mil- 
lions of people unaffiliated with any church 

4. Two thousand three hundred of our 
Congregational churches did not report 
last year a single addition to membership 
on confession of faith. This was thirty- 
nine per cent of the entire number. 

There are other facts which need not 
be referred to here, equally significant and 
equally suggestive of the necessity of a 
renewed dedication of ourselves to the 
divinely appointed task of seeking and 
saving the lost. 

If the work of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society is to grow, if new 



doors of opportunity are to be entered, 
there must come a firmer loyalty and a 
more unreserved obedience to Christ. 
Obedience insures increasing efficiency. "I 
am the vine," Christ continues to say to 
His church, "ye are the branches. He 
that abideth in me, and I in him, the same 
bringeth forth much fruit; for without me 
ye can do nothing. If ye abide in me, and 
my words abide in you, ye shall ask what 
ve will, and it shall be done unto you." 
If we find ourselves not bringing forth 
much fruit, if we find our work waning 
in scope and efficiency, may we not find 
the reason in these words of our Lord? 

We do well to perfect our organization. 
Whatever will unify and facilitate the inter- 
ests of Congregational home missions is 
to be eagerly welcomed. But we have no 

right to expect that this home mission 
enterprise will enlarge in scope or grow 
in efficiency, if the one true source of our 
strength and our power is neglected. A 
machine perfect in all its parts and highly 
polished, but without adequate driving 
power, loses its efficiency and continually 
disappoints. In this holy and tremendous 
undertaking in which we are engaged our 
power is of God. They that wait on Him 
shall renew their power. When new 
spiritual life and new power come to the 
churches, the evangelistic spirit will prevail 
in strength. Where the evangelistic spirit 
is, there will be a deep and growing prac- 
tical interest in home missions. An ag- 
gressive evangelistic spirit in the churches 
is essential to the progress of the home 
mission cause. 


By Rev. Laura H. Wild 

Lima l>i, Nebraska 

WE have been listening to 
the great needs of our 
home work ; and any- 
one who has studied the situa- 
tion is convinced of three great 
lacks; the lack of money, the lack of work- 
ers and the lack of stability in service: 
a lack of money, although the money is 
here and America was never so wealthy: 
a lack of workers although the coming 
month will bring out hundreds of our 
bravest, strongest and best equipped young 
men and women to turn their hands, not 
to easy undertakings, but to the work 
of the world: a lack of stability in ser- 
vice, for the names of our missionaries 
are constantly changing and their fields 
exchanging. I was interested last year 
to compute the average pastorate in 
Nebraska and found it to be less than two 
years. This includes the long terms of 
some of our ministers and it is the shortness 
of the home missionary pastorate that 
brings down the average. 

Instead of lamenting over such unfor- 
tunate symptoms, should we not set our- 
selves to discover the root of the disease. 
What seems to me to be one of these roots 
I want to speak of to-night. 

Talking recently with a graduate of one 
of our co-educational colleges, I asked her 
where her classmates had found themselves 
in their choice of a life work. She answered 
that some of them were in railroad work, 
:Some in the real estate business, some 
teachers, etc. — "And where are the minis- 
ters," I said, " are there none ? " " No not 
one," she replied. Now I maintain that 
this significant lack of consecration to the 
ministry is not due to the desire for an easy 

Our Country's Needs 
and Hopes Call for 
Keepers of the Light 

place, but rather to our failure 
in holding up vividly to the 
eyes of our young people 
that which seems to 
offer possibilities of achieve- 
ment. Young men and women are eager 
to get to work, but they want a work 
worthy of their best abilities, and railroads 
and insurance companies and professions 
have not been slow to offer inducements. 
I do not mean inducements of money 
simply, for I have a higher idea of human 




nature than to believe that the dollars and 
cents are the chief attraction; but a pro 
spect of achievement. If I am not greatly 
mistaken, it is not altogether the sight ol 
the millions that is the attracting power to 
the heads of our great business concerns, 
but the thought of compassing a great 

When a traveler, taking his seat in a 
Canadian*Pacific coach, feels the train be- 
gin to move and hears the porter's cry, 
"This train for Ottawa, Winnepeg, Van- 
couver and Hongkong" a thrill runs 
through him to think of the achievement 
the human brain has been equal to in the 
girding of the globe. 

The home missionary cause has too long 
been looked upon as a field for good and 
devoted people but as a place to lose one's 
way, so far as achieving anything is con- 
cerned. The home missionary has too long 
been regarded as the member of his class 
who was not smart enough to get any other 
pulpit. Whoever has read Ralph Conner's 
last book, "The Prospector" remembers 
how the mother of the young lady abso- 
lutely forbade her to become engaged to 
the young home missionary because he was 
without any prospects. And it is this idea 
that there are no prospects worthy of the 
abilities of young people which deters them 
from entering and upholding the lines of 
Christian service. Men do not shrink from 
hard things when they can see something 
to achieve, nor do their wives shrink from 
going with them. 

A few months ago, a railroad was being 
built across the southern part of Mexico 
from Vera Cruz to the Pacific, a very diffi- 
cult piece of construction; and just as a 
long bridge was almost done, lacking only 
.a pier and a span, the floods came and made 
it impossible to proceed. Again and again 
they tried and finally the work was being 
so delayed that the company in desperation 
put it in the hands of one of the employees 
who thought he could accomplish it. He 
was a young fellow, quick to see and make 
his plans, and with a marvelous celerity he 
had the thing done. So pleased were his 
employers, that they placed him in charge 
of the construction of all the rest of the 
bridges and he took his wife down there 
away from all society, into a very unfavor- 
able climate, until the work was finished- 
There was no shrinking because it was 
hard, but there was the powerful magnetism 
of the possibility of a great achievement. 

Recently one of our prominent business 
men of Lincoln, transferred his family with 
growing children, up into the newly opened 
Rosebud region, in a little frontier town, 
without advantages, because he saw pro- 
spects for himself and for them. When 
the late superintendent Pickett, pioneer 
missionary of Colorado and the Black Hills, 
found himself one day fondling some speci- 
mens of gold he had gathered in a handker- 
chief, and which indicated some rich de- 

posits at his very feet; and when he awoke 
to the consciousness that lie was imagin- 
ing what might be if he should stake out a 
claim, he then and there shook his handker- 
chief out to the winds and repeated the 
motto of his life: "This one thing I do, 
forgetting those things which are behind 
and reaching out to those things which are 
before, I press towards the mark for the 
prize of the high railing of God in Christ 
Jesus." But it was because of the radiant 
vision he had of the possibilities of that 
high calling among the mountains that he 
tramped up and down, establishing 
churches, rescuing gamblers and laying 
foundations for the future. And it seems 
to me we need if anything at the present 
juncture in home missionary interest to so 
present the radiant vision of achievement 
to our young men and women that they 
shall regard it worthy of their best abilities. 

Some of our best youths, are seeing the 
glorious opportunities in foreign lands be- 
cause they have been laid before them. The 
army of student volunteers is not made up 
of weaklings, but of heroes and it is because 
they have seen the possibility of heroic ser- 
vice in China and Africa and India and be- 
cause they have caught the present day 
vision of great future missionary enter- 
prise. But home missionary assets are 
quite as great as* foreign. We too may 
make our appeal to the heroic. If anything, 
the foreign missionary has the easier time. 
Sometimes when I have traveled out to the 
frontier of our own State of Nebraska and 
realize how our ministers are cut off from 
all associations with people of their kind, 
absolutely without advantages, no fellow- 
ship and little sympathy in their work, 
with distances so great that they cannot 
afford the cost of travel to state meetings, 
with so meager a salary that they can 
hardly live, to say nothing of educating 
children, and moreover how they are at the 
mercy of the more or less ignorant and 
prejudiced and worldly people of their 
parish, I have not wondered that pastorates 
are short and the work intermittent. And 
great as is the heroism of men and women 
who are willing to face the Boxers of China 
or the lions of Africa, some of us would 
much prefer a scrimmage now and then 
where there is the incentive to do or die to 
being dropped out on the prairies with 
nothing but the dead level of monotony of 
a home missionary life repeated over and 
over and over again. 

But there is a need which makes sacri- 
fices heroic. Out there in Nebraska for 
example, we have four entire counties in 
each of which our Congregational minister 
is the only minister of any denomination 
whatever. In one of those counties the mis- 
sionary with his wife, who also preaches, has 
four regular preaching points and others 
occasionally, one at the county seat, one 
fifteen miles east, another twenty miles 
west, another not on the railroad, a country 


twenty to thirty miles north and south of 
this county seat, looking to him alone for 
spiritual help. His heart is truly in his 
work, but he is overburdened with calls in 
every direction. One general missionary 
going among the sand hills has found school 
houses packed with people hanging on his 
words, so little do they have and so great 
is their need. Our Sunday School 
Society is to-day showing its wisdom 
by employing a young woman in 
the northern part of the state in a parish 
one hundred miles one way and forty the 
other, to drive from farm house to farm 
house, visiting the homes and starting Sun- 
day schools; only we need four such young 
women instead of one. 

Now we laud the achievements of Marcus 
Whitman who crossed the continent in dead 
of winter at peril of his life to save the 
great Northwest. And it is fitting that we 
should. We praise Superintendent Sim- 
mons and his co-workers of North Dakota 
for rescuing that young state from the curse 
of the Louisiana lottery. We are proud 
of Manasseh Cutler and Rufus Putnam 
who won the ordinance of 1787 for Ohio; 
we justly honor the names of William 
Pynchon and Deacon Samuel Chapin and 
some of us have come very near doing 
what the Bible tells us not to do in wor- 
shipping the name of Mary Lyon, the pio- 
neer of higher education for women. These 
achievements are worthy of our profound- 
est admiration, but we must not spend our 
energies upon the past alone. There are 
things in the present to be accomplished 
quite as glorious and worthy of all the 
energies of brain and heart and will power, 
achievements in Christian service in our 
own land that ought to stir and inspire the 
young lives that are being sent out in these 
commencement days, and that will do so, 
I am convinced, if the possibilities of suc- 
cess are set before them as practically and 
as radiantly as are the possibilities of an 
insurance company or of a railroad. 

Up to this time the appeal for foreign 
missionary service in our colleges and 
seminaries has taken the lead. In the 
Nebraska State University of 2,500 stu- 
dents, Mrs. Prof. Hinman, daughter of Dr. 
Cyrus Hamlin, has succeeded in introduc- 
ing a course of missions which is given 
credit in the curriculum of the university. 
It has to be placed in the department of 
sociology since nothing can be considered in 
the curriculum of a state university under 
the head of Christianity. But she did not 
care what it was called so long as it was 
introduced ; and in that class she has had 
forty young men and young women, some 
of whom have not been Christians, but 
prejudiced against missions when they be- 
gan. One young woman who had recently 
offered herself as a missionary, came to 

the class with this question on her lips; 
"Why is it necessary to disturb these 
people with our religion? Are they not 
happier to be left alone? " And the pres- 
ence of two young men who are not 
Christians, but members of a gay society 
set, she can account for in no way except 
that they are interested in these countries- 
and their curiosity has been aroused to find 
what this thing is about. It is safe to say 
that they do not go out of that class having 
no faith in missions. 

But is there not as much in our own 
country to appeal to the interest and de- 
votion of young people, plus the strong 
call of patriotism that comes home to every 
young American heart. And yet there is 
no such class in this university on home 
missions. It is a neglected field of study. 
In our seminaries we have courses on for- 
eign missions but only occasional speakers 
of passing interest on home missions. I 
remember when in the seminary that 
much of my permanent enthusiasm for 
home missionary work was aroused by that 
scholarly and delightful missionary de- 
votee, Dr. A. C. Thompson, who came in 
our senior year to give us a course of 
lectures and at the end placed in our 
hands a volume of his own missionary 
biographies. But there was no such 
thorough and extended course on home 

Could we have just as scholarly and soul 
stirring a course of lectures on home mis- 
sions in our colleges as Dr. Dennis gave to 
the Princeton students on Foreign missions 
and social Progress, could it fail to make 
some of our young people at least, so in- 
telligent concerning the needs and the 
possibilities of home missions that they 
would devote their service of life or of 
money to this great cause. I would like to 
suggest that if such a lectureship could be 
founded by some benevolently inclined per- 
son for a half dozen of our Christian col- 
leges, it would do more than anything else 
to cut the tap root of our present apathy 
toward home missions. 

In Dr. Van Dyke's beautiful story, " 7 he- 
Keeper of the Light '," you remember that 
Nataline heroically defended her light 
against the village people who wanted to 
steal the oil and kept the lamp faithfully 
revolving night after night in the face of 
snow and sleet, brushing and scraping the 
snow from the window pane until at last, 
one morning after an unusually stormy 
night, the supply boat was sighted off the 
rocky coast and she cried in triumph " I 
have kept the light." If a lighthouse on a 
rocky shore can call forth such heroism and 
devotion from a young heart, shall not our 
country's needs and our country's hopes 
call forth keepers of the light from the 
colleges of our land ? 


By Rev. Livingston L. Taylor 

Brooklyn, X. ) '. 

THREE unnamed Bible lads who helped 
are often cited to appear when it 
is desired to impress young people 
with the idea that what they can do may 
be of some account. There is the boy 
with bread and fish in his basket, who 
unexpectedly furnished food under the 
blessing of the Master, for five thousand 
men. But there is nothing incidental or 
■casual in the relations of our young people 
to the work and warfare of home mis- 
sions. It is their work; it is their fight. 
It should not surprise anybody to find 
them called to it and made prominent in 
it. Then there is the boy who chased 
arrows for Jonathan, and unconsciously 
helped save the life of David. But our 
young people are in the secret, or ought 
to be. They should be made to under- 
stand the peril of the Lord's anointed, and 

thr part they are to play in averting it. 
There is also the more dubiously inspir- 
ing example of the lad who led out blind 
Samson, and helped him find the pillars of 
the Philistine temple in whose ruin Israel 
was avenged. But if there is to be any 
pulling down of strongholds, it is the 
hands of mighty youth that must be 
guided to the right place. 

The help these boys gave does not sug- 
gest the answer we need to the question 
we are considering. Nor do we find it 
even in the story of David, when he went 
to the front with bread for his brothers, 
cheese for their captain, and, incidentally, 
a sling for Goliath. It is your fight, 
young people ! There is no disguising it, 
no postponing it ! Some of you may be 
as much surprised as David to find your- 
selves central figures in the strife. That 



is because you have not read the uoth 
psalm to good purpose. In that psalm a 
promise is made to the Christ of a world- 
wide conquest, an eternal throne and a 
universal priesthood. The promise of an 
army is added. It is to be an army, not 
of conscripts, but of volunteers, and it 
is to be unfailingly recruited with multi- 
tudes who shall flock to the royal stand- 
ard out of the morning of life. 'In holy 
attire, from the womb of the morning, 
thy youth are to thee as the dew.' There 
is nothing indirect, incidental, casual or 
unexpected about the part assigned to 
youth, by this promise, in the great cam- 
paign of Christ. 

Now the one impression I want to make 
upon the young people of our churches, 
and upon all who have any responsibility 
for their guidance, is that the fight for a 
Christian America is their fight. We can 
hardly ask the question, Why should 
young people help? without conveying a 
very different impression, the impression 
that we think it wise to make them feel, if 
possible, that they have a part in this great 
work, and so to make sure of their interest 
and support by and by, when it will really 
amount to something. 

By and by ! The fight is on, and they 
are in the thick of it, now, this very night, 
from ocean to ocean. Where do the 
forces which are contending for the mast- 
ery of our national life come together in 
fiercest clash of conflict? Where are the 
issues being most swiftly determined? 
Where are gains and losses greatest? In 
the hearts and lives of the young people 
of the land. Every lone fight is a part 
of the great battle. From those to whom 
much is given, in the way of training, 
equipment and defenses, much will be re- 
quired. For those to whom little has been 
given to fit them for the strife, what can 
be done should be done, and quickly 
done. And what can be done, it rests 
largely with young people to deter- 

But why should they exert themselves? 
That is our question, Why? Because it 
is their fight, I say. And it is their 
fight, not merely because the tide of battle 
sweeps over their own hearts, but because 
it makes an immense difference to them 
how that battle goes in other young hearts. 
Sometimes we need to reverse the saying 
of Paul, and remind ourselves that our 
wrestling is not wholly with invisible 

powers, but with flesh and blood. As goes 
the battle of the soul, so goes the choice 
of sides in the world conflict. 

The fight is now on between different 
types of young persons for the control of 
national destinies. Statistics of crime, on 
the one hand, and of religion, on the 
other, indicate that the alignment of forces 
is largely determined in early youth. But 
there must be an immense mass of life 
with the bloom and dew yet upon it that 
will go to the side to which it is drawn 
by the influences which have most in- 
timate access to it. It is the young people 
of our churches that have this close and 
effective access. Theirs is the opportunity, 
with every spiritual victory of their own, 
to attract their companions to the side 
that won. 

When I say that our young people are 
already in the thick of the fight, I do not 
mean to intimate that responsibilities of a 
different sort, and perhaps of a more ex- 
acting character, do not await them a little 
farther on. They are in the fight, but they 
have come into it at a time that is big 
with prophecies. The forces, for example, 
which are coming into the conflict with 
the flood of foreign immigration, they will 
have to meet in developed forms. These 
forces are still indeterminate. They have 
not come to self-consciousness as related 
to the shaping of this nation's life. Mul- 
titudes of the immigrants are young per- 
sons. It is with them that the native-born,, 
and the home-trained children of foreign 
parentage, will have to work out the prob- 
lems of their generation. Does it not 
concern us, young people, to make our 
lives count for as much as possible, in 
determining the conditions under which 
we shall move forward to those conflicts 
and combinations of ideals out of which 
the America that is to be must so soon 

Every now and then the police of New 
York are notified to have a force of re- 
serves at the pier on the arrival of some 
excursion boat on which rowdyism has got 
the upper hand. I cannot imagine any- 
thing much more unpleasant than to find' 
oneself afloat under such circumstances. 
But you, young people, are afloat with 
conflicting elements, the like of which no 
ship of state was ever, in all the history 
of the world, asked to carry. God grant 
you grace to be true to yourselves and! 
to your Master. 



By Wiii [am Shaw 
Boston^ Massachusetts 

MANY of the charter members of the 
first society of Christian Endeavor 
organized by Dr. Clark in the Wil- 
liston Congregational church. Portland, 
Me., were members of the Mi/yah Mission 

From that day to the present time, the 
missionary spirit has been the spirit of 
Christian Endeavor. It has gone to the 
lumber camps of the North and to the 
mining camps of the West ; it has found 
a place for service in the prairie dug-out 
and the cross-roads schoolhouse; in the 
mission schools in the mountains, among 
the negroes in the valleys of the South- 
land, and the Indians of the western 
plains — German and French, Italian and 
Swede, Poles and Bohemians, Chinese and 
all other nationalities that find a haven on 
our shores find in the definite methods of 
Christian Endeavor an opportunity for 
service, even before a regularly organized 
church is ready for them. 

In India and Africa, China and Japan, 
Europe and South America, it is training 
young people for self-supporting and self 
sustaining church membership. How can 
the societies of Christian Endeavor con- 
nected with our churches help home mis- 
sions in the present crisis? My answer is: 
First, by making clear the issue. With 
Christ's command, "Go ye unto all the 
world," ringing in our ears, every church 
is under obligation to support our mis- 
sionary agencies. The work in the home 
church and in the regions beyond is one. 
We ought to blot out that invidious and 
deadening distinction made between 
church work and missions, that permits 
a church to support the former and starve 
the latter. 

The majority of our adult membership 
feel absolutely no responsibility for mis- 
sions. Our societies must train the church 
of the future so that they will recognize 
the unity of the work, and instead of 
supporting a church club, build up the 

Second, by placing the responsibility. 
The average Christian to-day looks upon 
mission work as the business of the 
boards. But the command, "Go ye," was 
not spoken to a board but to individual 
Christians. Our boards are simply money 
and labor-saving devices, modern methods 
of doing our work. They cannot make 
money, they can only administer it. The 
business is ours, the board is our agency, 
the officers are our agents. 

The constant picking and nagging that 
our missionary boards have been subjected 
to in conferences and conventions and 

newspapers, has done more, to "cut the 
nerve of missions" than any, or all, other 
causes combined. 

If there are details of managers 
administration that need readjustment, let 
us adjust them as speedily and quietly as 
possible. But let us remember that a con- 
stituency so laru;e and varied as ours can 
never be brought to perfect agreement on 
matters of detail. The worth of a method 
must be judged by the quality of the ad- 
ministration it secures. And I hold that 
a method that gives to us such officer^ as 
the Congregational Home Missionary 
society has called to its positions of trust 
and responsibility, does not need much 

We talk about Congregational methods. 
Any method that our churches approve 
is Congregational. 

It is my judgment as a business man 
that there is not a business represented 
here that would not be ruined, and the 
owner a bankrupt, if we spread the seeds 
of distrust and lack of confidence in the 
concern among the trade, as we, uncon- 
sciously, perhaps, are spreading them 
among the constituency of our missioi 

Our young people feel that the time has 
come for us, the rank and file, to give 
the boards our hand, and not our fist. 
to pull down the flag of criticism, and run 
up the standard of co-operation. 

We have been expecting too much of 
our boards. The responsibility is our-, 
and we must assume it. 

We have been depending too much on 
absent treatment. There are thousands of 
our churches that haven't courage enough 
even to pass the box for an annual offer- 
ing to the Home Missionary Society. 
Surely a sufficient number of able-bodied 
men could be secured to at least rescue 
the boxes from the avaricious congrega- 

You recall the story of the two little 
girls who were discussing their dollies. 
One said. "I never give my dolly medi- 
cine, she is a Christian Scientist." The 
other replied, "Well, I suppose it is all 
right for a person to be a Christian 
Scientist if he hasn't got anything but 
saw-dust in his stomach." 

Brethren, our Home Missionary Society 
has something more vital than saw-dust 
in its insides. It will not thrive on absent 
treatment, any more than it has on the 
critical and analytical method. 

What the Home Missionary Society 
needs is the gold cure; administered in 
large doses by a sympathetic and loyal 



constituency. We can help, by meeting 
the emergency now. 

Something can be said for a campaign 
of education that looks to the future for 
results but more for a campaign that em- 
phasizes the eternal now. Christian people 
are cursed with wealth that belongs to 
God. We have embezzled the trust funds 
committed to our care, and then lift up 
our hands and pray, "Thy Kingdom 
Come." The coming of the Kingdom 
waits upon the contributions of the people, 
and we will not give. Many who ought 
to lead in arousing the church to its re- 

sionary Society to send able-bodied men 
to put them in a corner and extract the 
contribution that they ought to make 
cheerfully, gladly and generously. 

By missionary meetings and mission 
study classes in the local societies; by 
conferences and conventions in our 
unions ; by inspiring appeal and inform- 
ing literature we have been trying to rally 
our Christian Endeavor host to the mis- 
sionary standard. 

But the atmosphere of the average 
church is against us. A few faithful 
women are with us. But the men, the men 


sponsibility are silent or apologetic in their 
appeals. The people need to give whether 
they want to or not. 

It reminds me of the handsome Jersey 
cow a farmer owned. A neighbor in- 
quired how many quarts of milk she would 
give a day. The farmer replied, ''Wall, 
if you mean by voluntary contribution, 
she won't give none, but if an able- 
bodied man can back her up into a corner 
where she can't kick, he can get eleven 
quarts a day." 

Our churches, many of them, are kick- 
ing cows, and we compel our Home Mis- 

of mean?, the men of superb business 
ability, the men who are astonishing the 
world with their business enterprise are 
not with us. 

Would that this meeting might mark the 
end of our playing at missions, and of our 
petty discussion of methods, and that there 
might be sounded here a high clear note of 
advance.- that would rally the young and 
the old. the men and the women, the 
pastor and all the people to the supreme 
mission of the church, the evangelization 
of the world. 


By Nehemiah Boynton, \).D. 

New ) 'ork i 'ity < Brooklyn) 

ONE of the keenest minds Sacrifice is 
in New England has and passive 
recently uttered an earn- j^ j s s * ro 
est warning- with relation to 
the danger of simply arousing . active ; sac 
an emotion and then permit- not forever 
ting it to evaporate without 
concrete result in the life. It is perhaps 
one of the great perils attending theatre- 
going to-day that the emotions are articu- 
lated hut that the strong resolutions of 
the soul do not eventuate from the ex- 
cited emotion. The Peter who is positive 
in the exuberance of his enthusiasm that 
he will not deny his Lord is very often 
the Peter who in the pinch will declare 
his lack of friendship with Him even with 
cursing. The student who reads of the 
prowess of the men of yesterday and then 
dreams of his own conquests and wakes 
"returning to the old solitary nothingness" 
is caught by his emotions but is defeated 
in his life. The principle obtains in mis- 
sionary meetings and doing missionary 
work; between enjoying an address and 
effectualizing the address by the sacrifice 
of the life. There are very many things 
in American life to-day and never in our 
history more, to awaken our enthusiasm. 
( >ur yacht, the Atlantic, having won the 
ocean race, swings lazily at anchor on the 
other side of the sea, waiting "for her rear 
guards, the English and the German yachts 
to arrive and salute her and acknowledge 
her prowess. The great English publicist 
declares that we of all nations in the world 
to-day have "a right to hope." Warring 
nations, it is affirmed, desire the good 
offices of our republic's president to help 
them unravel their difficulties. Intelli- 
gence, art, aesthetics are all developing with 
wonderful rapidity and if our one great 
American failure, namely, the administra- 
tion of our cities, stares coldly at us, it 
is comparatively easy Nelson-like to turn 
a blind eye to the signal or Togo-like, 
simply to smile. Religion is patronized 
after a fashion, and it is declared that a 
man who ever gets blue about America 
is a candidate for the crematory. If it is 
true diat the land in our country has all 
been taken up and that thus extensive 
problems are at an end among us. it is 
also true that the problems of in- 
tention rise and mount and seem to 
be in a fair way of settlement. The 
spots on the sun do not need to blind 
us to the fact of the sun; nor the infelic- 
ities in working out our national problem 
to the real progress in the solution thereof 
so that it is not only easy but natural and 
right for our enthusiasm as Americans to 

no limp be mightily stimulated by the 

quality; recent history of growth, 
and financially,' intellectually and 

. . . aesthetically. But if the occa- 

rifice is s j on f or enthusiasm is present, 

sighing, so is the law to which we re- 
ferred at the outset; that 
when enthusiasms fail to ripen into acts 
of consecration and of sacrifice, there is 
of necessity a recessional in life and char- 
acter and achievement. For the anchor of 
enthusiasms only finds its holding ground 
in the depths of sacrifice, elsewhere she 
drags and is exposed to all perils of the 
lee-shore. There has been recently given 
to the world a composite picture of the 
American that is to be. The piercing eye, 
the firm mouth, the sensitive nostril, the 
open countenance, combining benignity 
with manly virility, cannot fail to have 
lent its attraction to whoever has seen the 
picture. It is meant to be a representation 
of the type that is yet to be of what will 
transpire in the American when the blood 
that is coming through the immigrant, is 
thoroughly mixed with the blood which is 
already here. If you notice the prognosti- 
cations of the students of American life, 
without exception they base their hope for 
the American that is to be upon the power 
of the qualities already inherent in the 
American that now is to mold and influ- 
ence and determine the character of the 
future citizen. 

Now what historically is in the blood 
of the American, Iron? Certainly. But 
more than that, sacrifice. Love working 
by sacrifice. That is unquestionably what 
has made the American type and that 
means the influence of missions and of 
missionaries and of those who made both 
possible. Sacrifice is no limp and passive 
quality; it is strong and active; sacrifice 
is not forever sighing. It knows how to 
smile andoverandover again, laughs for joy. 
It means three things. A principle of 
courage; courage is the heart of sacrifice. 
You cannot tire sacrifice out nor can you 
discourage it. When once a fine enthusi- 
asm has rooted itself in a royal sacrifice, 
the first fruit thereof is a spirit of courage 
which is uncomplaining and unwearied. 
No finer illustrations of this spirit can be 
found in America to-day than are ex- 
hibited over and over again in the lives 
of the missionaries of this society who are 
doing for the salvation of America as 
smile over and over again, laughs for joy. 
grit: courage is the heart of sacrifice. 
the first fruit thereof is a spirit of grit 
much as any other company of men within 
our borders. 



Sacrifice also means grit; a compre- 
hensive knowledge of the actual situation. 
It was my fortune not many weeks ago to 
visit Ellis Island and watch seven thous- 
and immigrants as they were transferred 
from being foreigners into being my fellow 
inhabitants of this great republic. In the 
evening of the same day I attended the 

annual meeting of the New England 
society of the city of Brooklyn. The con- 
trasts between the two companies were not 
more surprising than the likenesses, but 
in both companies alike, there was the 
suggestion, though different in manifesta- 
tion, of all the questions and queries and 
problems with relation to our present day 


Americanism, the study of the question of 
Americanism at both ends of the social 
ladder and all the way between, the com- 
prehensive idea of the conquests of the 
immigrant on the one hand together with 
his limitations and temptations, and, the 
other temptations which luxury and wealth 

and social opportunity bring to the man 
at the other end of the social scale. This 
great comprehensive knowledge must be 
the possession of any one who would have 
a grip upon the national situation out of 
which there maybe born a spirit of worthy 
sacrifice in her interest. 

By Rev. Alexander MacCoi.i. 

Briarcliff Manor, N. ) '. 

MOST Congregationalists believe, I 
fancy, that technically the apostles 
had no successors. In greatness 
of privilege, in splendor of spiritual en- 
dowment, their mission was unique, in- 
troductory, never in detail to be repeated. 
Yet the greatest of them, recalling once 
the grades of service in the early church 
as he conceived them, "first apostles, 
secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, 
after that miracles, healing, helps, govern- 
ments, tongues,"— elsewhere he puts 
apostles first, then prophets, then evangel- 
ists ami says "Covet earnestly the best 
gifts." And so I have wondered whether 
in the reawakening to the rich meaning 
and stern obligations of Christian service 
which is the glory and inspiration of our 
times there is not needed before and with 
the evangelistic impulse of which we have 
been hearing so much, a rebaptism of the 
apostolic spirit. What is that spirit? 
The evangelist is one who proclaims good 
news. The apostle is one sent of Christ 
to be himself through the Spirit an 
evangel. The evangelist is a herald; the 
apostle is an ambassador. Let me speak 
of one or two simple things about the 
apostles which seem to me full of sug- 
gestion for the Christian discipleship of 

I. The primary fact about the apostles, 
as the name signifies, is that they were 
men sent forth by Jesus to do something 
for Him. From this there came to their 
work an atmosphere of reality, definiteness 
of thought and effort, unity of motive and 

Sent forth by Christ to do something 
for Him. these men of old lived and 
exhaled an atmosphere of reality. The 
thing they had to do, the reason they 
must do it, were ever before them, vital, 
vivid, compelling. Brethren, is not the 
plain truth about the religious activity of 
to-day this, that all too commonly we have 
lost the potent touch of reality. I do not 
speak now of the missionary heroes of the 
frontier, and the missionary heroes of the 
slum, among whom in their sublime sacri- 
fices and efforts the apostolic spirit so 
splendidly survives ; but in our prosperous 
churches in city and country, in our Chris- 
tian communities and our Christian homes, 
does the fact really get and keep 
hold of us that we are sent of Christ 
to do something for Him, and that this 
something is not. vaguely, to be good and 
gentle and helpful, but. definitely, to make 
disciples, to win victories for the king- 
dom, to bring others into that controlling 
relation to God in Christ which is either 
the greatest reflity or the saddest fiction 
in human life. Conceive such a pathetic 
appeal as that which has recently been 

sent to the churches by the great society 
under whose auspices we meet, being sent 
to men to whom the great commission of 
Christ still throbbed with reality and was 
warm with the purpose of God — it could 
not be. What is the trouble? Is it that 
we have been passing through a period 
of transition in thought when it has 
seemed that no one was quite sure of 
anything; is it because of the forms of 
faith which we cherish sometimes when 
the spirit it gone from them, and the 
"vain repetitions" which conceal where 
they should reveal truth ; is it because the 
commission was given so long ago and He 
who gave it seems sometimes away from 
us so many centuries in time, such infinite 
spaces in thought? — All these things tend 
to produce the hollow ring in our work 
and worship. But is not the great cause 
this, that in the stress of our complex life 
so many other things seem more real and 
immediate and complexing than the simple 
things the apostles felt they must do. In 
the ministry there are churches to build, 
sermons to write, special studies to pursue, 
calls to make, funerals and marriages to 
attend, people to get into the church and 
the year book ; there are an endless 
multiplication of organizations to float and 
steer, factions to unite, frictions to heal; 
there are civic movements to help, home 
problems to meet. In the pew there are 
the uncertainties of the intellectual life, 
the fierce struggle and relentless competi- 
tion of commercial life, the distractions 
and the shallowness of social life, in the 
new and endless array of personal struggles 
and anxieties and ambitions and anti- 
pathies. Is it any wonder that in many a. 
busy day the thought that we are each of 
us sent to do something for Christ — con- 
ceded if the question is raised — escapes us r 
and there steals over our spirits the seduc- 
tive spell of religious unreality. It is the 
lethargic atmosphere which the true apos- 
tolic succession must dispel by the intensity 
and urgency of its conscious mission. 

Then, sent of Christ to do something 
for Him. the apostles were quickened by 
a splendid definiteness of thought and 
effort. From a twentieth century stand- 
point, they did not know much. They 
were graduates most of them of the fish- 
ing-boat. The only college man among 
them said "We know in part, we see 
through a glass darkly." But they knew 
Christ, what He had said to them, what 
He had done for them ; and they wanted 
others to know Him. could not rest until 
they did. "To me to live is Christ" — 
"All things to all men that I might by all 
means save some" — such was the apostolic 
spirit. On my way from Des Moines 
I told the minister of a great western 

• 9 6 



•church, not of our order, of the evangel- 
istic impulse with which we had all been 
fired. "What are they going to. preach?" 
he asked. "In the present state of thought 
I do not see that we have a gospel for the 
masses ; some day we may get it." 
Splendid fellow he is, but it takes all the 
charity I have to let him into the apostolic 
succession. No gospel with Jesus show- 
ing us "how human the heart of God is, 
how divine the life of man may be;" no 
gospel with the wonderful words of Christ 
going to the very heart of human need 
and aspiration; no gospel with the Cross 
throwing upon the mystery and sorrow 
and uncertainty of life the flashlight of 
infinite meaning and glorious hope; no 
gospel with the Loving Master, the Uplift- 
ing Savior, the Present Spirit of Power! 
Is it any wonder that the kingdom lags 
when sometimes we feed the flock of God 
upon our faint gropings in the dark, in- 
stead of pointing them away simply and 
lovingly from ourselves and the things we 
do not know to Him who is the solvent 
of every problem, the man Christ Jesus? 
I do not depreciate the infinite mystery of 
life, the wonderful advance in knowledge 
which seems with every great discovery 
to enlarge immeasureably the vast area of 
the unknown, the difficulty of being dog- 
matic about a universe in the ant hole of 
a single human mind. But we know at 
least what the apostles knew. "I know 
whom I have believed" — that is the key- 
note, true, clear, strong, of the apostolic 

And then, sent of Christ to do some- 
thing for Him, the apostles had in all 
their work unity of motive and responsi- 
bility. Not perhaps at the first. There 
was a good deal of human nature in them. 
They quarreled — who should be the great- 
est. They wanted the chief seats. But 
when the Spirit was come into them there 
was a wondrous change. Paul might 
withstand Peter to the face, he and Bar- 
nabas might have to dissolve partnership. 
No matter. One thought was in their 
hearts — to please Christ, to stand for Him 
at the point of greatest need, to be able 
at last to look into His face without 
shame. Wherever his thought definitely 
dominates life, there survives the apostolic 
succession. And oh, how it simplifies and 
clarifies life, and makes straight the path 
in many a care and many a conflict! 

2. At first the apostles were evangel- 
ists. They never ceased to be evangelists. 
But as the years passed their great work 
came to be to revive the churches. _ Paul 
preaches Christ gloriously from city to 
city, but increasingly his thought passes 
out to the little bands of Christians he 
has left all along the line. He must visit 
them. He must write to them. John's 
last recorded word is addressed to his 
sons and daughters in Christ — "My little 
children, love one another." As an evan- 
gelist Jesus Himself seems very largely 
to have failed — I speak very reverently. 
Crowds flock to hear Him. They brought 
their sick to be healed. But the gospel 
of the kingdom reached very few of them. 
Soon many even of His disciples went 
back and walked no more with Him. 
Then His method changed. Increasingly 
He gave Himself to the training of the 
twelve He opened to them His mind and 
heart, at last filled them with His Spirit, 
then sent them forth as witnesses — not 
men who say, but men who know, and 
men who show, that the things whereof 
they speak are true. And from this the 
glorious sequel has come. 

Is there not a note of inspiration and 
direction for many of us here? We have 
been feeling this last winter, have we not, 
the utter selfishness and ineffectiveness of 
much of our church life. Staggered by 
the greatness of need without and the 
poverty of effort within, we have cried, 
Something must be done. And we have 
been doing it. East and west, north and 
south, there have been more special 
services, more evangelistic preaching, more 
aggressive effort than for years. And the 
result? In a few cases there have been 
inspiring additions to the churches, mainly 
from the pew and the Sunday school. 
Here and there doubtless there have been 
genuine conversions from sin and self 
to Christ and service. But the experience 
of most of us has been that voiced by our 
honored brother from the Pacific coast of 
the efforts in his great church at Oak- 



land — there has been a deepening of inter- 
est among Christians, but the world with- 
out has not been touched. 

What then? Shall we feel that all has 
been done in vain? God forbid! I do 
not forget Pentecost and the Pentecostal 
revivals of days past and of our own day 
in Wales. But conditions are not always 
the same. Loughor and Llandudno and 
the places with the unpronounceable names 
are not New York and Chicago and San 
Francisco; and while human nature is 
pretty much the same everywhere, temper- 
ament, environment, atmosphere greatly 
differ. If I mistake not, the revival for 
which America waits is just the revival 
which in some small degree has begun — 
;i revival among Christians. Have you 
noticed how much deeper and more 
thorough-going is the thought of Christ 
about the unchurched masses, as He views 
them analytically and sympathetically, than 
ours commonly is. We say, "Too bad, 
strange they will not respond." We speak 
wisely of heredity, of changed home train- 
ing, of commercial preoccupation. But Jesus 
says, "The spirit of truth whom the world 
cannot receive because it seeth Him not." 
And Paul says, "The natural man re- 
ceiveth not the things of the Spirit, for 
they are foolishness unto Him." The plain 
truth is that multitudes of men do not 
see our God. All over this great land 
to-day young men in daily contact with 
nominally Christian business men are ask- 
ing sceptically "Where is your God." A 
vast army of toilers, sadly alienated from 
the church, as they marshal for the life- 
struggle that is to them most real, ask 
cynically, "Where is your God?" Chil- 
dren of our foreign missions, coming to 
Christian England and America ask in 
amazement, "Where is your God?" Vast 
hordes of immigrants, pouring into our 
ports by the hundred thousand, to mould 
sooner or later our national life, have as yet 
seen no occasion to ask, "Where is your 
God ?" What is the answer of Jesus to 
His disciples? "Ye are the light of the 
world." "Ye are the salt of the earth." 
And Paul, "Ye are the body of Christ." 
Wherever in business, in civic and social 
life, a human soul is sternly dominated 
by the spirit of Jesus Christ, there as no- 
where else the dynamic of the revival for 
which we are all praying is at work. And 
wherever amid the myriad interests of city 
life, in conflict with sordid commercialism 
and cultured indifference, or far off on the 
frontier, in conflict with the primal pas- 
sions, an earnest spirit is giving itself 
without reserve to the moulding of a few 
men and women, or boys and girls, toward 
Christ and the Christ life, there gloriously 
survives the apostolic succession. Of them 
such an one may say with Paul "If I be 
not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless 
I am to you. for the seal of mine apostle- 
ship are ye in the Lord." The perpetual 
problem of the church is the balance be- 

tween the evangelistic function and the 
training of the twelve. Let no man who 
seems to fail in the first be discouraged if 
he is giving himself earnestly and per- 
sistently to the second. 

3. I have left to the last that which 
came first in the choice of an apostle, and 
is always first in the true apostolic suc- 
cession — it was deemed essential that an 
apostle should have seen the Christ. 
When the successor of Judas was to be 
chosen he must be one who has com- 
panied with us all the time that the Lord 
Jesus went in and out among us. And 
Paul clinches the argument for his dis- 
puted apostleship by saying, "Am not I 
an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus Christ 
our Lord?" 

The most glorious fact of Christian ex- 
perience is that still in the hearts of men 
the vision tarries, and brightens and 
beckons. Greater far than the touch of 
apostolic hands descended through a tainted 
line is the vision of the Master here and 
now, and the healing, quickening touch it 
ever brings. You remember that experi- 
ence in the life of Dr. Dale, how as he 
was writing an Easter sermon one day 
there came to him a new realization of 
the fact that Christ is alive. "I got up," 
he said, "and walked about repeating 
Christ is living, Christ is living ! At first 
it seemed strange and hardly true; but 
at last it came upon me as a burst of sud- 
den glory; yes, Christ is living. It was 
to me a new discovery. I thought that 
all along I had believed it ; but not until 
that moment did I feel sure about it." 
Horace Bushnell awakes one February 
morning to tell his wife that he has "seen 
the gospel," he has had "a personal dis- 
covery of Christ, and of God as repre- 
sented in him." Henceforth to those 
about him he is "a new man or rather the 
same with a heavenly investiture. ^Phillips- 
Brooks — the sanest man of his age — writes 
to a friend who asks the secret of his life. 
"All experience comes to be but more and 
more the pressure of Christ's life on ours. 
He is here. He knows me and I know 
Him. It is no figure of speech. It is the 
realest thing in the world. And every day 
makes it more real." Even Matthew 
Arnold, you remember, concedes to an- 
other the experience that was all strange 
to himself: 

"Twas August, and the fierce sun overhead 
Smote on the squalid streets of Bethnal Green, 
And the pale weaver, through his windows seen 
In Spitalfields, looks thrice dispirited. 

I met a preacher there I knew, and said, 
111 and o'erwork'd, ' how fare you in this scene ? ' 
' Bravely !' said he, ' for I of late have been 
Much cheer'd with thoughts of Christ, the living- 

There are some of us greatly favored 
of God in our spheres of toil who yet at 
times, depressed by our own weakness, 
depressed by the atmosphere we breathe 
charged as it seems with self-seeking and 
pettiness and unresponsiveness, wonder 

. ,8 


what of our faith and love survive, what 
more, genuinely, we can do and say for 
man. Then our thoughts turn to one and 
another who has seen the vision, and 
presto! what a rebuke, what an inspiration! 
There is that brother, living on a pittance, 
wanting sometimes the bare necessities of 
life, who yet with smile on face, and Bible 
in hand, is seeking out day by day the 
men and women and children of his own 
race in the dark alleys of the great city, 
telling them of Christ, pleading for Him. 
There is that brother off on the frontier, 
planting church and Sunday schools where 
all but he seem without God and without 
hope. How do they do it? Ah, they too 
have seen the Christ, and before that vis- 
ion all other sights and sounds dissolve. 
Wherever men obedient to the heavenly 

vision are saying, with tongue and life. 
"Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, 
as though God did beseech you by us, we 
pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled 
to God," there is the true apostolic suc- 

My brothers, we are coming or have 
come to a time when human creeds and 
forms and orders — all that is of the out- 
ward shell of Christianity — mean very lit- 
tle indeed. But still Jesus is calling men 
to be with Him, to preach the gospel of 
the kingdom, to heal the diseases of men, 
still saying, "Go ye into all the world 
and make disciples," still promising "Lo. 
I am with you all the days even unto the 
end of the world." May God make us all 
brave and strong and patient to do it! 
"As my Father hath sent me I send you." 


By Rev. Charles Addison Northrop 

Secretary for Systematic Beneficence 

WE must get it before we can give it. 
But I am not here to tell you how 
to get money. Look ye well to 
that! — but how, after it has come into your 
possession, you may escape being possessed 
to keep it, and by giving it, may make it 
"an expression of your love." 

Money and the man, I sing, — a monistic 
theme. I will have no dualism. Money 
is the man. It is his "stored up energy," 
his other and wider self, the flexible sym- 
bol of his very being. It is the product 
of hand or head, but finds its way to the 
heart to be purified, and used to edifica- 
tion. It follows and represents the affec- 
tions and interests of men. Where the 
heart is, there is the treasure. When we 
are devoted to a person or principle, our 
money shares in the devotion. Thorough 
belief in a scheme or cause will engage 
not only our time and thought, but also 
our talent (which in Scripture always 
means money) . 

The Christian man, whose Master is 
Christ, must hold what he is and what he 
has at the call of Christ. The person is 
given for the Master's use, and so, of 
necessity, is the possession. The service 
of Christ involves the use of money for 
Christ. Money service is a specialized, 
yet representative form of Christian ser- 
vice. And as all service is giving, money 
service cannot be simply getting. It must 
broaden into giving. Serving God with 
money, is giving money. 

Now how shall we give it? The giv- 
ing that counts, comes from the heart. 
It is so of every expresion of love, 
notably so of this. Charity without love 
is uncharitable. It may become danger- 
ous. Giving that does not draw on our 
life, at some point, has no moral character. 
Money that is not a part of the man, has 
no value as service. 

The first answer, therefore, to the ques- 
tion how to give money, is, give heartily. 
This involves freeness and fulness. It 
guarantees quality and quantity. It ap- 
plies to all true money giving. There 
must be no force, but the inner compulsion 
of love. Especially is this true of that 
special form of gift called missionary gifts. 
of money for missions, that is, to promote 
the organized sending of the Good News 
It is of them that we speak here, — gifts 
where it is needed. 

For it is want of heart that depletes 
missionary treasuries, denies new work, 
creates debts, and conceives of mssionary 
enterprises either as unnecessary or as 
substantially unsubstantial. It is want of 
heart that compels missionary appeals, 
calls for annual meetings like this, and 
makes missionary interests so uninterest- 

To give heartily, one must believe in 
missions, and understand the relation of 
money to missions. 

Before and apart from missionary in- 
telligence there must be missionary im- 
pulse. What Christ has done in us, comes 
before what He is doing in the world. 
"We love because He first loved us." We 
are benevolent and tend to become benefi- 
cent, because we are sent on a mission, 
not because missions call us. Interest in 
missions follows interest in Christ. It is 
faith that has produced missions. The 
approach is made from the side of Christ, 
not from the side of the church, and we 
who approach bring consecrated lives, 
and our money gifts indicate and empha- 
size our devotion. Other considerations 
may be potent to produce large money 
gifts for other objects, but for the mis- 
sionary work of the church, the only 
abiding drawing power is from Him who 
was lifted up, and when the heart has fully 



received Christ, its treasures are poured 
out as free-will offerings. When we have 
accepted the full implications of faith, we 
are ready to fulfill the calls of finance. 
We, Christ's men, hold Christ's money in 
trust, at call. When missionary needs are 
known, missionary deeds are done, 

But it is not enough to give money with 
the heart. It must be given with the head, 
also — intelligently as well as affection- 
ately. This is true of all giving. Mission- 
ary giving is no exception. Our mission- 
ary societies arc things to be studied. The 
objects asking money are to be sifted. 
The needs uttering their cries are to be 
discriminated. If we arc hound to know 
Whom we have believed, we are bound to 
know to what we give. 

On this platform, four of our six socie- 
ties solicit our co-operation. They are all 
inter-related, showing a certain unity, yet 
■each doing a distinctive work. Their ends 
are one and the same — to help make men 
Christlike. They do not appeal equally 
to any or to all Congregational Christians, 
but all Congregational Christians should 
be familiar with the nature and substance 
of their works. 

I should not dare, nor do I care to set 
forth the logical order of their importance 
as channels of our gifts. An easy case 
■could be made out for the logical priority 
■of each of them, and each secretary will 
doubtless make it out for you on request, 
but it is not easy to see how any of them 
can be safely neglected in the distribution 
of our gifts, nor upon what other basis 
than this quadrilateral, we can hope to 
solve the problem of the unity of our 
home work. What our heart accepts as 
a method of serving Christ, our head will 
analyze. We shall weigh claims and re- 
sults, and distribute our gifts according 
to our sense of the needs. We shall give 
thoughtfully, directing the hearty impulse 
into appropriate channels, and after this, 
knowledge will help to perfect our faith. 

And then, again, we shall give propor- 
tionately, that is, appropriately, both as 
respects ourselves and others. 

As respects ourselves, the measure of 
our giving for missionary purposes will 
be determined by the place that missions 
hold in our thought, and by the prosper- 
ity that is ours. If the work of missions 
is rated high, other things being equal, our 
contributions will be high. If missions 
are of first importance, in our thoughts, 
our first beneficence will be towards them. 
Practically the measure will be "as we 
can afford," "as we may prosper." with- 
out injustice to other needs. The man 
with larger income can afford to give more 
largely, and where the income is very 
much more than is sufficient for self and 
family, a hearty giver will be an abundant 
•giver. Having more to give, he will give 
more. He will measure his responsibility 

by his ability, and not by percentages. His 
surrendered heart includes his money. 
His thoughtful, discriminating giving di- 
rects the flow of his money. His ability 
to give measures the flow of his money. 
He does always the appropriate thing in 
giving, because he has first appropriated 

We are getting well over the threshold 
of an era of more appropriate giving on 
the part of those who have great posses- 
sions, and we mav well believe that it is 
the drawing of the Christ-spirit, that is 
provoking these gifts, as well as a deep 
and deepening sense of obligation to 

And as respects others, whether people 
or causes, appropriate giving considers 
comparative needs and the possibility of 
their being supplied. Appropriate giving 
for Congregationalists. honors their own 
proper missionary societies, and sees that 
their needs are supplied first. The propor- 
tion of gifts to Congregational as com- 
pared with "other" causes ought to be 
raised. It is the diversion of so much 
money from causes in which only Con- 
gregationalists are interested, to those in 
which others beside Congregationalists are 
interested, that makes us often wonder 
whether Congregational people are 
thoughtful enough in their beneficence, and 
whether the impulse to give does not need 
direction and training in denominational 
loyalty. It is not well, it is not appropriate 
that our own chosen work should suffer, 
because extra-Congregational interests 
seem so deserving. There is money 
enough and to spare for all good causes, 
when the Christian heart is right toward 
God. We do not call for abandonment of 
any good work, but for a better, more 



Secretary of Systematic Beneficence. 


appropriate adjustment, whereby our own 
work shall not unduly suffer. 

It remains to speak of another method 
of giving, — the giving systematically. This 
will steady and swell the flow of giving. 

The steadying process is best effected 
through the work of a good missionary 
committee in each local church. This 
committee, if organized aright can do two 
or three things. If its members are 
chosen because of their present or 
promised interest in the work of all the 
six societies, and also because of their re- 
lation to the various organizations of the 
local church, such as the church commit- 
tee, the Board of Trustees, the Women's 
Missionary Societies, the Sunday school, 
the Young People's Society and so on, 
they can keep the work of all the six 
before all the grades of workers, and also 
establish a policy of giving for the church, 
which will help in determining what not 
to give to, as well as what should be given 
to. We may look to this committee to 
keep the two ideals of giving before the 
church, viz. : a gift from every church and 
from every church member for each of 
the Congregational causes. 

The best method of swelling the flow of 
gifts is the weekly offering pledge system, 
with envelopes, most conveniently and 
convincingly set forth in President George 
Harris' "True Method of Giving." A 
modification of this plan is seen in the 
Minneapolis Plan recently written up by 

Secretary Patton. This system keeps the 
individual to the front and would develop' 
his personal initiative. It acts from 
within, moved by the love of Christ, and 
prepares for the collection. Training in 
this way, will raise a generation of givers- 
who will not need so much the personal 
appeal. And still there will always be 
those who will need to have their feelings 
stirred a ad hoc, as it were, and so there 
will have to go with any system of pledged 
gifts, an opportunity to give on the spur 
of the moment. 

The great object of all missionary ad- 
dresses and endeavors is to get men to 
know and to do. So the magazines of 
missions and especially our little paper 
Congregational Work, should be read by 
every family. And just now, all that con- 
cerns systematic giving as found in several' 
leaflets and pamphlets, more particularly 
the two that I, having written, am trying 
to get read, will add its weight of influ- 
ence in the direction in which we are- 
moving, and justify the creation of this- 
new office of secretary for systematic 
beneficence. It is the pastor's privilege and 
prerogative to lead off, and the several 
secretaries of the societies which expect 
to profit from the innovation, may well, 
for the sake of their societies as well as 
for the sake of the Congregational people 
at large, make full and free use of the 
movement, and of its secretary. 

By W. H. G. Temple. D.D. 

of Ohio 

We can hardly escape the influence of 
the hour. Patriot's week still continues. 
The fragrance of devotion is wafted up 
from thousands of decorated graves the 
country over. The echoes of a nation's 
eulogium have not ceased to vibrate. Any 
subject that we may consider must have 
in it the throb of national loyalty and the 
glow of national ardor. The very air 
about us is charged with that love of 
country which next to its religion must 
always be the grandest expression of the 
national life. 

We are continually considering Chris- 
tian patriotism and citizenship. The sub- 
ject comes up at almost every gathering 
where public duties and private obliga- 
tions related to them are suggested. It is 
a familiar picture — that of a Christian 
man standing face to face with his 
country's needs, and looking at them and 
supplying them from the standpoint of the 
cross of Christ. The question which he 
puts to himself is as common as it is sig- 
nificant. How can I, a Christian, so 
utilize my Christianity in the discharge of 

my civic and national duties, so infuse 
into them the spirit of the Christ that the 
highest plane of patriotic living shall be 
reached and sustained in my experience? 
The putting of this question, its conscien- 
tious answer and the practical outcome of 
it have been the progressive steps in the 
Christian character of our American citi- 
zenship which have astonished the other 
nations of the earth. It is frankly admit- 
ted that nowhere does the standard of 
citizenship reach so high as in this western 
republic, and we have to thank our Chris- 
tianity for it. 

Now may we turn this thought around 1 
and look at our Christianity from the- 
standpoint of our patriotism? Let the 
picture be that of a patriot flushed with 
the pride which must always accompany 
the recollection of his country's history 
and the contemplation of her character,, 
mission and inevitable future, and brought 
face to face with the Christianity which 
has been inseparably woven with her glor- 
ious career, and what will be the natural.! 
result? Will it not be, must it not be, the- 


infusing of the ardor of the citizen into 
the altruism of the Christian? Will it not 
mean the enforcement of the simplicity 
and splendor of the spiritual thought with 
all the passionate energy that makes 
effective the patriotic motive? 

But someone may raise an ohjection to 
this method of treatment. Is it not a les- 
sening of the Christian conception ? Are 
we not using a small idea, comparatively, 
to dominate or at least color a much more 
important thought? Are we not calling 
Christianity a tool in the hands of patriot- 
ism, when we should rather designate 
patriotism as a weapon in the hands of. 
and for the advance of, Christianity? I 
think not. Christianity must always be 
the all inclusive thought. It is a sphere 
of truth revolving before the observance 
of the world. It has multiform phases. 
Men look at it in innumerable lights and 
from innumerable standpoints. It is a 
study to the theologian, a rapture to the 
poet, a thrill of enthusism and inspiration 
to the orator, an argument to the logician, 
an applied method to the worker. Why 
may it not be to the patriot a holy and 
passionate expression of that deep love of 
country which stirs his bosom, a solvent 
of the puzzling social problems which de- 
mand his attention and the power of 
almighty God in the unfolding and perfect- 
ing of the nation? Is not that just what 
it is? Christianity cannot be dominated. 
It always rules. The patriot who would 
utilize it in the highest development of 
his country's character will soon find him- 
self under the command of its holy per- 
sonality. He will find himself yielding to 
its irresistible suggestions and motives. 
Instead of using Christianity he will find 
that he is being used by it. There is no 
danger of belittling God by describing 
Him as the servant of man. That is His 
grandest title. He is the sovereign-ser- 
vant of the race He has created. Men 
scoffed at Jesus in the days of His flesh, 
nad some continue to scoff at Him to-day 
because of His humility. It was largely 
on this account that He was rejected by 
His own nation, and yet herein was His 
unapproachable greatness. What can be 
more kingly than virtue? What can com- 
mand more regally than ministering love? 
Can greatness add anything to goodness? 
Why, it is a greater thing to be a servant 
and lift men up than to be an emperor 
and place your foot upon their subjugated 
necks. It was a greater thing for Jesus 
the God-man, the king-servant, to have 
come in misunderstood humility, to have 
suffered ignominy, persecution and death, 
and by that self-sacrifice to have lifted up 
fallen humanity to its promised purity, 
than to have ridden down the sky in chariot 
of whirlwind, unhorsed Satan and estab- 
lished His kingdom forever. So Chris- 
tianity, following the spirit and example 
of its founder, has always been the one 

W. H. (1. TEMPLE, D.D. OF OHIO. 

great masterful force in human life for 
good, and yet at the time of its greatest 
triumph, it has generally assumed the low- 
est place. It is the sword of the spirit 
in the hands of the Christian that is to 
conquer the world ! 

I place my patriot then on some emi- 
nence and let him scan the generations 
past in the history of his country. I want 
him to follow step by step its advance in 
civilization. I want him to see first as a 
thin, translucent cloud across its horizon 
the hint of its coming humiliation, and 
trace its angry and portentous growth 
until it bursts in fiery wrath over a dis- 
rupted nation, so that we may recognize 
the divine hand shaping, scourging and 
then re-shaping the nation of His love 
into comely and symmetrical life. Can 
you doubt the result of such a course? 
Must not the patriot become a religion- 
ist and the religionist a patriot? 

Has not God always favored this na- 
tion? It is to my mind the grandest 
though the latest born of all the nations. 
It was founded in prayer. It was bul- 
warked by faith. It is the only nation on 
earth that has been Christian from the 
very start. Wnen it opened its eyes upon 
the light, the star of empire halted in its 
western march above its cradle. The wise 
of all climes have poured their treasures 
at its feet. It was destined to become a 
savior of nations, and it has already be- 
gun to fulfil that destiny. God has con- 
stantly watched its growth. As it has in- 
creased in age and stature, it has grown 
in favor with God and man. Never has 
any nation seen such material prosperity. 
Xever has any nation possessed such re- 
sources, such a coast line, such variety of 


climate, such a chain of inland seas, such 
fertility of soil, such possibilities of de- 
velopment. Never has God dealt so with 
any nation. His stamp is on our coin, as 
well as upon our civilization. In God we 
trust, for He is our God and will be our 
guide until the end. 

No less do • we see the divine hand in 
the nation's discipline than in its develop- 
ment. God's darling attribute has always 
been mercy. He showed it repeatedly, 
continually, toward His ancient people. 
When the sin of Sodom rose as a stench 
in His pure nostrils, and he might have 
destroyed the city immediately, he waited 
until interceding Abraham failed to find 
the ten righteous men for whose sake the 
place might have been saved. When 
Nineveh became an abomination of 
wickedness in his sight, he sent Jonah with 
a forty days' warning on his lips, that the 
city might have ample opportunity to re- 
pent. When the antediluvian world had 
grown so bad that He could no longer 
bear the thought of its countenance, he 
made Noah the first shipbuilder of history, 
and fixed the day of the overwhelming 
flood one hundred and twenty years dis- 
tant. He who dwells amid the eternities 
smiles at the little foot paths of time. His 
avenging thought takes long reaches. Be- 
hind Him are cycles infinite. Before Him 
are centuries without number. His pass- 
ing minute is a million aeons. God never 
hurries to condemn ! 

Now what about His treatment of this 
modern nation of His love? When the 
Pilgrim fathers knelt on this bleak Mas- 
sachusetts coast and dedicated this land 
to Him, this long suffering God saw the 
very liberty for which they prayed bleed- 
ing in the dust. When George Washing- 
ton, of Virginia, and John Langdon, of 
New Hampshire, and Rufus King, of 
Massachusetts, and Roger Sherman, of 
Connecticut, and Alexander Hamilton, of 
New York, and Benjamin Franklin, of 
Pennsylvania, and others, signed the Con- 
stitution of the United States in 1787, this 
righteous God saw the inconsistency of 
the facts, with the underlying principles 
of the constitution and patiently waited 
until the blood of the new nation should 
wipe out its foulest stain. He witnessed 
the Louisiana Purchase in 1803; the Mis- 
souri Compromise in 1820 and the Califor- 
nia Compromise in 1850. He anointed the 
eyes of the Newburyport boy, William 
Lloyd Garrison, with prophetic vision of 
the good time coming, and inspired his 
publication of "The Liberator" in 1831, 
and gave him His message of pen and 
voice to deliver in the cause of liberty. 
He fired the heart and lips of Wendell 
Phillips, of noble memory, in this same 
great cause, and raised up Henry Ward 
Beecher to make the pulpit speak as never 
before in sublime advocacy of the equal 
rights of a persecuted race. He thrilled 

the lyres of Longfellow and Lowell, Whit- 
tier and Bryant, until their ringing dia- 
tribes made athletes out of weaklings, so 
strongly did they denounce the iniquity 
that branded the nation. He kindled the 
imagination of that rare spirit, Harriet 
Beecher Stowe, until her "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin" brought the blush of shame to the 
cheek of the Union. He put Lincoln in 
the presidential chair, and issued through 
him the first call for troops, and guided 
the hand that wrote the Proclamation of 
Emancipation, and held the reins that drove 
the fiery steeds of battle, and burst upon 
the seceding states with all the fury of 
His righteous indignation, until in a de- 
luge of blood He was avenged for the 
crime of slavery. But how long He waited. 
What marvellous patience He showed. 
How clearly is His mercy seen through 
it all. How the red blood must mount the 
cheeks of our patriot as this panorama of 
divine guidance passes before his eyes. In 
the light of such a vision as this what 
must be every patriot's duty? The God 
who has created this nation, followed this 
nation, disciplined and redeemed this na- 
tion, must come to His full kingship over 
its people. Every portion of it must be 
christianized. History demands it. 
Reason argues it. Gratitude breathes it. 
Patriotism raises its banner and marshals 
its forces for its accomplishment. The 
Lord must reign ! 

But our patriot sees more than this. 
He perceives and studies the character of 
this nation. Its cosmopolitanism demands 
his attention, and it becomes at once its 
glory and its danger. Its faces are fast 
becoming interracial. In its manners and 
customs the old world and the new world 
are clasping hands. Its costumes often dis- 
tinctly mark its composite citizenship, 
while its absolute freedom in religion per- 
mits practices which do honor to its spirit 
of toleration, while they may be preparing 
insidiously to defy its authority. Its blood 
is fast becoming not only European but 
Asiatic. The only requirement being that 
it shall be pumped through its infinitely 
divided venous system to the very 
extremity of its being by an American 
heart and through an aorta of loyalty to 
the genius of our free institutions. 

Our patriot stands at Castle Garden and 
witnesses the procession of foreign peoples 
as they begin our American life. His 
breast swells with pride as he realizes the 
broadness of the foundation upon which 
the nation is built. But he cannot help 
asking himself the questions, What will 
become of them, if they do not rapidly 
become Americanized ? What will become 
of the nation if they are not promptly 
assimilated? Will its liberality prove its 
menace? Will its asylum mean that it 
may yet be harboring madness ? Some- 
one has said that hitherto art has been 
largely local and therefore limited. The 


artist's environment lias dominated his 
work. At no time has this heen more 
clearly seen than when studying the paint- 
ings of the old masters, where they have 
attempted the portrayal of the Christ. So 
narrow has heen their concepion that in- 
variably the features of their own individ- 
ual nationality have been put on the can- 
vas, so that we perceive a German Christ 
or a Venetian Christ or a Tuscan Christ. 
This writer predicts the coming to the 
front of an American artist, in whose 
veins flows the blood of all nations, and 
affirms that then and then only shall we 
be able to look upon the representation of 
a world's Christ. I know not if that may 
he. But this I do know, that only as that 
world's Christ and His Christianity dom- 
inate, mold and ornament the motley life 
of this country can there be safety for the 
nation and a homogeneous civilization for 
its fast increasing millions. This is the 
Christian's view of course. But this is 
also the patriot's view. In this regard 
there must be a compact between the two 
which cannot be broken. 

Into every avenue of our American life 
let this gospel go. Oases will not do. 
Special cultivation of large spiritual tracts 
will not do. It must be the whole nation 
for Christ. We must cease dividing up 
large cities into sections and labelling them 
the Jewish quarter, the Latin quarter, the 
Bohemian quarter, the Chinese quarter. 
We must turn them into an American 
Christian whole. The ideals of our relig- 
ion are the ideals for all nations and for 
all time. We have no business with any- 
thing but a universal religion. Having 
that we must extend its benign power 
among all classes of our population until 
the rallying cry, "America for Christ," 
shall be met by the answering paean. 
"America has become Christ's." Right 
here in the hands of these four Congre- 
gational societies, meeting jointly during 
these three days past, lies, as far as our 
denomination is concerned, the solution of 
the patriot's problem. Let our churches 
splendidly sustain this multiform work, 
and the nation need never question the 
wisdom of a cosmopolitanism that is fast 
becoming Christianized. 

But our patriot is still gazing. This 
time he contemplates the nation's mission. 
Surely with such a history back of it, and 
such a comprehensive population to assimi- 
late, there must rise before it the concep- 
tion of a glorious mission. So fast is 
this becoming evident, and in such sin- 
gularly startling ways, that that which 
seemed a quarter of a century ago, a piece 
of unwarrantable braggartism has now be- 
come the statement of a sublime fact. 
This nation is to be leader of nations ! Its 
word is to be the word of decision. Its 
policy is to be the one roadway for the 
world to walk in. Its ideals are to be the 
goal of the world's effort. Its methods 
are to be the means of the world's greatest 

development. It has already dared to do 
what other nations have hesitated to un- 
dertake. I said a few minutes ago it was 
to be a savior of nations. Before long 
that statement may be demonstrated anew 
and in the most convincing way yet seen, 
it has saved Cuba from priest-ridden 
Spain. It has assumed the control of the 
Philippines for the same beneficent reason. 
At this moment it seems to be the only 
power to reach out its right hand to Rus- 
sia and its left hand to Japan, and say, 
"For your own sakes, for humanity's sake, 
for God's sake, stop this awful blood- 
shed!" A savior of nations! Now that 
noble destiny can only come about by this 
nation becoming peculiarly and entirely 
the loyal subject of the King of Nations. 
No spirit of intrigue will ever accomplish 
so sublime a reality. Why does the 
iniquity of the so-called Turkish empire 
continue to exist in spite of its barbarisms 
and brutalities? Because the contiguous 
and European nations are so locked in 
intrigue that each is afraid of the en- 
croachments of the other. Diplomacy will 
not altogether prepare for the part this 
nation must ere long assume in the settle- 
ment of international difficulties. No mat- 
ter how clever mere diplomacy may be. 
there is always the suspicion of an ulterior 
motive concealed under its bland exterior. 
The word has so often been in bad com- 
pany that we fear we may be sometime 
forced to tear off its mask. Military 
prestige will not do as an introduction to 
eminent leadership. The force of arms 
da/zles only to utterly disappoint the truly 
heroic heart. There is a barbarism about 
it all that the world should have out- 
grown long ago. There can be but one 
school preparatory to such leadership as 
we predict for his nation and that is the 
school of Christ. The motives which 
Christianity inspires, the methods which 
Christianity invents and employs, and the 
aims which Christianity always has in view 
are alone worthy that nation which would 
take its place as a leader of the world. 
Only as we ourselves become thoroughly 
Christianized can we assume this God 
imposed responsibility. 

Men of the Congregational churches of 
America let us do our part in this magni- 
ficent work. Let us scatter throughout 
the length and breadth of the land the 
gospel of altruism, of brotherhood, of safe 
moral restraint, of sacrifice for the good 
of all. of God's infinite love in Jesus Christ 
our Lord. No greater patriotism is con- 
ceivable. It is laying on the altar of our 
country our most precious gift. It is the 
bringing into the campaign of life the 
grandest tactics. It is unfurling over our 
heads the all conquering flag ornamented 
by the cross and the crown. It is charg- 
ing against the evils that threaten our 
national life with the divine weapons. It 
means continuous struggle. But it also 
means absolute and eternal victory. 


By Charles R. Brown, D.D. 

of California 

WHEN Christ and His disciples were 
on the Mount of Vision, the sug- 
gestion was made that three taber- 
nacles be built — one for Moses, the lawgiver, 
one for moral insight; one for Elijah, the 
reformer, one for moral energy; one for 
Jesus, the Saviour, one for moral remedy. 
It seemed to the disciples in that hour of 
high privilege that three such tabernacles 
would house and retain the essential spirit- 
ual forces. 

Now I do not fancy that the West is pecu- 
liar in feeling at this time in special need 
along those three lines — these things are 
vital in church life everywhere. But in the 
present moral confusion, in the face of the 
complexity of modern ethical problems, 
and with the moral obtuseness consequent 
upon the inordinate attention to material 
values in opening up a new region, the 
church in the West does feel great need of 
moral insight. We want churches which 
have the power to see clearly and to say 
bravely, "This is the way: walk in it!" 

In the face of the moral feebleness which 
surrenders easily to the dissipation of new 
regions and to the greed which carried many 
a man there in the first place, there is im- 
perative demand for moral energy. We 
want churches strong enough and brave 
enough to stand up without flinching in the 
face of all the Baal worship and all the 
attempts to rob Naboth of his vineyard, 
urging those ideals which are made manda- 
tory by the teaching of Christ. 

And in the presence of the moral failure 
and wreckage, sometimes pushed out of the 
older east and sent west and on west until 
it halts at the shore of the wide Pacific, we 
want churches which have a vital grasp of 
that gospel of moral remedy offered to us 
in Jesus Christ the Saviour of men. We 
need them all and I do not know how we 
are to have them on the prairies and in the 
mountains, in the mining camps and among 
the great forests, unless there are home 
missionaries coming out in an unbroken 
procession to lead people up into the mount 
where they shall see the truth and the 
strength and the glory of human life in the 
faces of Moses and of Elijah and of Christ 

I have come thirty-two hundred miles to 
attend this meeting and for at least twenty- 
six hundred miles of the way, nine-tenths 
of all the church life I passed was aided at 
its beginning by home missionary money. 
And in all that wide area — a region which 
makes the country Moses dreamed of, 
stretching from Ljbanon to the wilderness, 
from Jordan to the Great Sea, seem like a 
tennis court — in all that wide region there 

are no churches which are showing a higher 
average of moral insight and moral energy, 
which are declaring more plainly and win- 
somely the gospel of moral remedy than 
those churches founded by the Puritans. 

Essential Puritanism, which is no mere 
jumble of odd customs, curious laws and 
narrow minded theology, but rather the 
manly and godly habit of putting that first 
which is first — essential Puritanism can be 
made to grow and has been made to grow 
on the prairies and in the Sierras and be- 
yond. It has raised up a set of English 
speaking men and women who like Crom- 
well's Ironsides, "fear God and have some 
conscience about what they do." And when 
we have a goodly number of them scattered 
through that land, there is no amount of 
vice or crime, no amount of political cor- 
ruption or irresponsible greed which will be 
able to stand before them. 

There was something splendid about the 
coming of the Protestant missionary into 
mv own state of California. The Spanish 
missionaries representing the Latin Church 
followed in the wake ot the conquest by 
Cortez ; they crossed in early times to Mex- 
ico and then up along the coast into Cali- 
fornia, planting their preaching stations 
in all the valleys. San Diego and San Gab- 
riel, Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo, San 
Jose and San Francisco — the very name of 
these places are enduring monuments to the 
efforts of those early Spanish missionaries. 
The ruins of their mission buildings give a 
distinctive style of architecture to our state 
and they reach as far north as Sonoma 

And in those early days another world 
power, Russia, sent its missionaries repre- 
senting the Greek Church. They came 
from tne frozen regions of the north, cross- 
ing at Behring's Strait. They planted the 
standards of their faith in Alaska and on 
down the coast as far as Fort Ross, Cali- 
fornia, which is also in Sonoma County, 
where the ruins of an old Greek Church can 
be seen to this day. And even as the "Sans 
and Santas" of Southern California testify 
to the presence of missionaries of the Latin 
Church, even as the names of "Alhambra" 
and "Alviso," "Alameda" and "Alvarado " 
point still further back to the days when 
the Moors crossed into Spain bringing the 
Arabic "Al" with them to be carried in 
turn by missionaries to the new world, so 
the names in Sonoma County, " Russian 
River," " Sebastopol " and " St. Helena " 
speak to this day of the presence of Russian 
missionaries from the Greek Church. 

But in the religious life of that great state 
God meant that Saxon ideals and Puritan 


principles should also enter. Across the 
plains and around the Horn, there came a 
company of devoted men and women to 
build churches and found schools, to thus 
declare a purer Gospel to the life of that 
rapidly growing commonwealth. And in 
all the walks of life to-day thoughtful men 
are rising up in recognition of the work 
of Whitman and Benton, of Willey and 
Dwiaell, of Mooar and McLean, calling 
them and those who made it possible for 
them to come blessed, indeed. They 
brought, in far more generous measure than 
did the Spanish and Russian missionaries, 
moral insight, moral energy and moral 

The investment of money in home mis- 
sionary work is one which yields royal 
returns. Cast thy bread upnn the moun- 
tains and the prairies of the West and you 
will find it after many days. Our own 

California is a new state. The Old South 
Church of Boston and this splendid church 
where we are meeting, had both celebrated 
their two hundredth anniversaries years 
before there was a single Protestant 
church in California. But already California 
has grown in Christian interest until it 
stands fifth among the states of the Union 
in Congregational benevolence — Massachu- 
setts and Connecticut, New York and Illi- 
nois alone surpassing her in gifts to our 
societies. The largest Congregational 
church in the United States in point of 
membership, outside of Brooklyn, New 
York, is in Oakland, California. The cli- 
mate and soil are friendly and responsive to 
the approach of men along the lines of phy- 
sical effort, and there is a corresponding 
spiritual responsiveness to those men who 
bring genuine insight, energy and remedy 
to our moral life. 



Our home missionary work is no bit of 
incidental benevolence tacked on to our reg- 
ular religious work. It is really our answer 
to God's summons to the nation to go for- 
ward by faith in Him, led by the ark of the 
covenant, the outward symbol of our agree- 
ment with His divine purpose, trusting in 
the powerful aid of that Ally who fights 
steadily on the side of those who make His 
plans their own. Our home missionary 
work is our answer to the question, whether 
we shall suffer ourselves to be driven back 
from the land of promise, the land of spirit- 
ual growth and unselfishness, or whether 
we, too, shall be a messianic nation — 
whether we shall take and hold this land 
which flows with milk and honey for those 
Christian ideals which the Holy Spirit has 
graven on the tables of our hearts. The 
great issue before us is that and nothing 
less than that. 

When the soldiers of Europe under 
Charles Martel, twelve centuries ago, drove 
back the Moslems who had stretched a vic- 
torious front from the Rock of Gibraltar 
almost to the gates of Constantinople, they 
were fighting the battle for us as well as for 
themselves. They were deciding whether 
Europe should be dominated by Asia or 
remain free; whether the Arab or the Saxon 
should hold those centers of world wide 
influence in the north of Europe; whether 
the Koran with its gospel of the sword or 

the New Testament with its gospel of peace 
should furnish the moral ideals for those 
nations which should hold the right of line 
for centuries and which hold it now. Those 
soldiers under Martel knew little of Eng- 
land and nothing of America, yet 
they were fighting the battle for free 
Europe and for the right of English- 
men and Americans to drink inspira- 
tion from the pages of the Gospel of 

In similar fashion when we by our gifts 
and our prayers, by our service and our 
self-sacrifice fight the battle of Christ on the 
western coast of our own country, seeking 
to make that region profoundly and strongly 
Christian, we are fighting the battle for 
whole generations yet to be born to the 
west of us. If those awakening countries 
across the Pacific, both Mongolian and Slav, 
shall find our civilization which fronts upon 
their life really and truly Christian, because 
dominated by the spirit of the Son of God, 
it will hasten their redemption a hundred 
fold. Send out then through all the length 
and breadth of our land and especially to 
those states upon the world's firing line, 
men of moral insight and men of moral 
energy, who bear with them the gospel of 
moral remedy; and as a result of their 
work the glory of God will be seen shining 
in the faces of an innumerable company of 
Christian disciples. 


Federation of State 

• AT the annual meeting of the Women's 
IX State Home Missionary organiza- 
tions held in connection with the 
annual meeting of the Congregrational 
Home Missionary Society, together with 
meetings of the Congregational Church 
Building Society, Congregational Educa- 
tion Society and Congregational Sunday 
School and Publishing Society in Spring- 
field, the question of some form of federa- 
tion of the state organizations was con- 
sidered and the step seemed not only de- 
sirable but advisable. It was voted with 
great unanimity to form such a federation 
along the lines suggested by the commit- 
tee of three appointed at the meeting at 
Des Moines. 

This committee opened the discussion of 
the question with their report regarding 
conference with state organizations. 
Fourteen state organizations had - ex- 
pressed a desire for federation and others 
were likely to be of the same mind. It is 
hoped that all will join in this movement 
to give greater unity to our work. 

At an adjourned meeting held in the 
parlor of the Cooley House on Wednes- 
day, May 31st, at 2.15 o'clock, the follow- 
ing officers were elected : 

President, Mrs. B. W. Firman, Oak 
Park, 111; Vice-Presidents, Mrs. James L. 
Hill, Salem, Mass., Mrs. F. E. Eggert, 
Portland, Oregon, Mrs. S. F. Gale, Jack- 
sonville, Florida; Treasurer, Mrs. H. A. 
Flint, Syracuse, N. Y. 

The office of Secretary was left to be 
filled by this Executive Committee, and 
Miss Annie A. McFarland, of New 
Hampshire was chosen. 

The president, Mrs.' Firman, appointed 
the following as the Program Committee 
for the ensuing year: 

Mrs. L. P. Rowland, Detroit, Michigan; 
Miss A. M. Bradley, Chicago, 111.; Mrs. 
W. J. Van Patten, Burlington, Vt. 

The Rule 

When a motion is made at a business 
meeting, it should have every chance for 
discussion. An inexperienced president 
sometimes disregards this rule with the idea 
which prevails in some circles that a motion 
is a last resort, and once made, there is 



nothing to do but vote. On the contrary, 
the time for discussion is after a motion has 
been made. The correct way of putting 
the motion would be something like this; 
"It is moved that this society hold an open 
meeting. The matter is before you for dis- 
cussion. Are there any remarks? Are you 
ready for the question?" 

When this rule is understood, it is not 
necessary to second motions unless they 
are of unusual importance, because mem- 
bers know that every motion will have fair 
consideration. The president may second 
any motion herself by saying, "It is moved 
and seconded etc." Waiting for a motion 
to be seconded puts a check upon action. 

The secretary however should not make 
her records read thus; "It was moved and 
seconded etc." She should say: "It was 
voted to do or not to do so and so. 

It would be well for societies which feel 
that their conduct of business might be im- 
proved to start their new year with these 
three rules on the blackboard. 

1 Member must rise and address the 
chair when making a motion. 

2 Motion need not be seconded unless 
very important. 

3 Motions must have a chance to be dis- 
cussed before they are voted upon. 

Questions Answered 

To L. P., Toledo, Ohio, in May Home 
Missionary: Are you familiar with condi- 
tions among the foreign population of your 
city? This would make an excellent sub- 
ject for original investigation. Why not 
send delegates, two by two, to visit the pub- 
lic evening schools, kindergarten, foreign 
churches, headquarters of any Congrega- 
tional missionary work with instructions to 
take careful notes and report. Some items 
of interest to be brought back would be, 
the way the people live, rate of wages, mis- 
sion Sunday schools, how equipped, house 
to house visiting, etc. You then will prob- 
ably wish to raise money to help any good 
work being done in your own city. This 
would be a very practical business. 
Hartford, Connecticut. M. L. K. 

To C. L. H., Brooklyn, N. Y., in May 
Home Missionary. What is meant by 
Heralds? Each of the six Heralds have a 
different country assigned them. Through 
the month their duty is to watch for any 
special item of news concerning this coun- 
try. The last fifteen minutes of each meet- 
ing is given up to the reports of the 
Sharon, Connecticut. M. B. D. 



1, NEW HAMPSHIRE, Female Cent. Institution, 
organized August, 1804: and Home Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1890. President, Mrs. James Minot, 
Concord; "Secretary, Mrs. M. W. Nims, 5 Blake St., 
Concord; Treasurer, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 
X. Main St., Concord. 

2, MINNESOTA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized September. 1872. President, Miss Catharine 
W. Nichols, 230 E. gth St., St. Paul; Secretary, 
Mrs. J. E. Truesdell.igioDupont Ave., South. Minne- 
apolis; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Norton. Northfield. 

3, ALABAMA, Woman's Missionary Union, organized 
March. 1877; reorganized April, 1889. President, 
Mrs M. A. Dillard, Selma; Secretary, Mrs. E. Guy 
Snell. Talladega; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Homey, 425 
Margaret Ave., Smithfield, Birmingham. 

certain auxiliaries elsewhere). Woman's Nome 
Missionary Association, organized February, 1880. 
President, "Mrs. Win. H. Blodgett, 645 Centre St.. 
Newton, Mass.; Secretary, Miss. L. L. Sherman, 607 
Congregational House, Boston; Treasurer, Miss Lizzie 
D. White, 607 Congregational House, Boston. 

5, MAINE, Woman's Missionary A uxiliary, or- 
ganized June. 1880. President, Mrs. Katherine B. 
Lewis. S. Berwick; Secretary, Mrs. Emma C. Water- 
man, Gorham; Treasurer, Mrs. Helen W. Hubbard, 79 
Pine St.. Bangor. 

6, MICHIGAN, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May. 1881. President, Mrs. C. R. Wilson, 
65 Frederick Ave.. Detroit; Cor. Secretary, Mrs. Percy 
Gaines. 298 Hudson Ave., Detroit; Treasurer, Mrs. E. 
F. Grabill. Greenville. 

7, KANSAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October. 1881. President, Mrs. J. E. Ingham, 
Topeka; Secretary, Mrs. Emma E. Johnston, 1323 W. 
15th St.. Topeka; Treasurer, Mrs. W. A. Sloo, 1112 W. 
13th St., Topeka. 

8, OHIO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May, 1882. President, Mrs. C. H. Small. 
"The Republic." Republic St., Cleveland; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. B. Brown, 2116 Warren St., Toledo. 

9, NEW YORK, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. William 
Kincaid, 483 Greene Ave., Brooklyn: Secretary, Mrs. 

Howard F. Doane. 252 West 104th St., New York 
City; Treasurer, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 153 Decatur St., 

10, WISCONSIN, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October. 1883. President, Mrs. T. G. Gras- 
sie, Wauwatosa; Secretary, Mrs. J. H. Dixon, 1024 
Chapin St., Beloit; Treasurer, Mrs. Erastus G. Smith, 
649 Harrison Ave., Beloit. 

11, NORTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized November, 1883 President, Mrs. E. 
H. Stickney, Fargo; Secretary, Mrs. Silas Daggett, 
Harwood; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Fargo. 

12, OREGON, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized July. 1884. President, Mrs. E. W. Luckey, 
707 Marshall St., Portland; Cor. Secretary, Miss Mercy 
Clarke, 395 Fourth St.. Portland; Treasurer, Mrs. C. 
V . Clapp. Forest Grove. 

13, WASHINGTON, Including Northern Idaho, 
Woman's Home Missionary Union, organized July. 
1884; reorganized June, 1889. President, Mrs. W. C. 
Wheeler, 424 South K. St., Tacoma; Secretary, Mrs. 
Herbert S. Gregory, Spanaway; Treasurer, E. B. Bur- 
well, 523 Seventh Ave., Seattle. 

14, SOUTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized September, 1884. President, Mrs. T. 
J. Woodcock, Elk Point; Secretary, Mrs. Carl Ander- 
son. Elk Point: Treasurer, Mrs. A. Loomis. Redfield. 

15, CONNECTICUT, Woman s Congreeationai Home 
Missionary Union 0/ Connecticut, organized January. 
1885. President, Mrs. Washington Choate, Green- 
wich; Secretary, Mrs. T. C. Millard, 36 Lewis St., 
Hartford; Treasurer, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, 530 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartford. 

16, MISSOURI, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1S35. President, Mrs. M. T. Runnels, 
2406 Troost Ave.. Kansas City; Secretary, Mrs. M. S. 
Manning, 2203 Elma Ave.. Kansas City; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. D. Ryder, 2524 Forest Ave., Kansas City. 

17, ILLINOIS, Woman s Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. B. W. Firman, 
1012 Iow r a St., Oak Park; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 
G. H. Schneider. 919 Warren Ave., Chicago; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. O. Whitcomb, 463 Irving Ave., Douglas 
Park Station. Chicago. 

18, IOWA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized June, 1886. President, Mrs. D. F. Bradley, 



Grinnell; Secretary, Mrs. H. K. Edson, Grinnell; 
Treasurer, Mrs. T. O. Douglass, Grinnell. 

19, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized June, 1887. President, Mrs. 
F. B. Perkins, 600 Seventeenth St.. Oakland; Secretary, 
Mrs. E. S. Williams, Saratoga; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. 
Haven, 1329 Harrison St., Oakland. 

20, NEBRASKA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized November. 1887. President, Rev. Laura H. 
Wild, 1306 Butler Ave.. Lincoln; Secretary, Mrs. H. 
Bross, 2904 Q St., Lincoln; Treasurer, Mrs. Charlotte 
J. Hall. 2322 Vine St., Lincoln. 

21, FLORIDA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized February, 1888. President, Mrs. S. P. Gale, 
Jacksonville; Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Edmondson. Day- 
tona; Treasurer, Mrs. Catherine A. Lewis, Mt Dora. 

22, INDIANA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May. 1888. President, Mrs. W. A. Bell, 1211 
Broadway. Indianoplis; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
Anna D. Davis, 1608 Bellefontaine St., Indianapolis. 

23, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized May, 1888. President and 
Secretary, Mrs. Kate G. Robertson. Mentone; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. Katharine Barnes. Pasadena. 

24, VERMONT, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized June. 1888. President, Mrs. Rebecca P. 
Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury; Secretary, Mrs. C. L. Smith, 
159 Pine St.. Burlington; Treasurer, Mrs. C. H. Thomp- 
son, Brattleboro. 

25, COLORADO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October. 1888. President, Mrs. W. E. Let- 
ford, Longmont; Secretary, Mrs. Burke Turrell, Long- 
mont; Treasurer, Miss I. M. Strong, P. O. Box, 
177, Denver. 

26, WYOMING, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May, 1893. President, Mrs. P. F. Powelson, 
Cheyenne; Secretary, Mrs. H. B. Patten, Cheyenne; 
Treasurer, Miss Edith McCrum, Cheyenne. 

27, GEORGIA, Woman's Missionary Union, organized 
November, 1888; new organization October. 1898. 
President, Mrs. H. H. Proctor. Atlanta; Secretary, Miss 
Jennie Curtis, Mcintosh; Treasurer, Mrs. H. T. John- 
son, Rutland. 

29, LOUISIANA, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized April, 1889. President, Mrs. L. St. J. Hitch- 

cock. 2436 Canal St., New Orleans; Secretary, Mrs. A. 
L. DeMond, 222 S. Roman St., New Orleans; Treasurer, 
Miss Mary L. Rogers, 2420 Canal St., New Orleans. 

Woman's Missionary Union 0/ the Tennessee Associa- 
tion, organized April, 1889. President, Mrs. G. W. 
Moore, 926 N. Addison Ave., Nashville, Tenn.; Secre- 
tary, Mrs. J. E. Smith. Chattanooga, Tenn.; Treasurer, 
Mrs. J. C, Napier. Nashville. 

31, NORTH CAROLINA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1889. President, Mrs. C. Newkirk 
Mooresville; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. H. R. 
Faduma, Troy. 

32, TEXAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized March. 1890. Secretary, Mrs. Donald Hinck- 
ley. Dallas; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Geen, Dallas. 

33, MONTANA, Woman's Home Missionary Union 
organized May. 1890. Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. W. 
S. Bell. 611 Spruce St., St. Helena. 

34, PENNSYLVANIA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized June. 1890. President, Mrs. L. H. Ruge, 
Allegheny; Secretary, Mrs. F. W. Chamberlain, Cam- 
bridge Springs; Treasurer, Mrs. Howels Davis, Kane. 

35, OKLAHOMA, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October. 1890. President, Mrs. O. W. Rogers, 
Medford; Secretary, Mrs. C. M. Terhune, El Reno; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Cora Worrell, Pond Creek. 

36, NEW JERSEY, Including District of Columbia. 
Maryland and Virginia. Woman's Home Missionary 
Union 0/ the New Jersey Association, organized 
March. 1891. President, Mrs. John M. Whiton, Plain- 
field; Secretary, Mrs. Allen H. Still. Westfield; 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. A. L. Merrifield, Falls Church, Va. 

37, UTAH, Including Southern Idaho. Woman's 
Missionary Union, organized May, 1891. President, 
Mrs. C. T. Hemphill, Salt Lake City, Utah; Secretary, 
Mrs. L. E. Hall. Salt Lake City, Utah; Treasurer, Mrs. 
A. A. Wenger, 563 Twenty-fifth St., Ogden. Utah; 
Treasurer for Idaho, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatello, Idaho. 

41, IDAHO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized 1895. President, Mrs. R. B. Wright, Boise; 
Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Mason, Mountain Home; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatello. 

Rudolph Lenz 


62-65 Bible House 
New York 



April, 1905. 

Not in commission last year. 

Bainton, Charles M., Walla Walla, Wash.; Barnard, 
Fred B.. Grant, Nebr.; Beatty, Squire T., Mazeppa, 
Minn.; Beitel, J. H., Naponee, Nebr.; Benham, Walter 
1 >., Absamkee. Mont., Brown, Daniel M., Chamber- 
lain, So. Dak.; Brown, lames M., Butte and Baker, 
Nebr.: Buttrain, Josiah'W., Winter Garden, Fla. 

Elliot, Charles, Ault. Colo. 

Fisher, H. P. General Missionary in Minn. 

Gardner, Francis W., Curtis, Xebr.;Gasque, Wallace, 
Gilmore, Ga. 

McDowell, Henry M. Joplin, Mo.; Mahone, Luther 
D.. Astoria. < iregon; Murrman, A., Los Angeles. Cal. 

Oliver, Mrs B. S.. Fairhope, Ala.; Owens, Richard 
H.. Beaver Creek, Oregon. 

Rogers, S. ].. Minneapolis, Minn. 

Schwabenland, John C, Walla Walla. Wash., Sealey, 
H. J., Atlanta, Ga.;Staver, Daniel, Hubbard, Oregon. 

Talmage, L. C, Oak Park, Minn.; Tangeman, G. D., 
Etiwanda, Cal.; Tracy, Alfred E., Chula Vista, Cal. 


Allen, William C, Washington. Ind ; Anderson, C. 
G., Kasota, Minn.; Anderson, Harold E., Sulphur 
Springs, Colo.; Anderson, Otto, La Canada, Cal.; 
Andrewson, Andrew J.. Raeine, Wis.; Arnold, L. D., 
Badoura, Minn.; Avery, Oliver P., Oklahoma City, 

Babcock, Joel M-. Guernsey and Torrington, Wyo. ; 
Barber, Jerome M., Beaverton, Ore.; Bartholomew, 
Noyes O. Denver. Colo.; Bickers, W. H., Willow 
Springs. Mo.; Bickford, Warren F., Muskogee, Ind. 
Yer.; Billings, Charles S.. Barstow, Cal.; Blandford, 
Levi D.. Denver, Colo.; Blomquist, Charles F., West 
Branch, Wash.; Bloom, Karl J., Clear Lake, Wis.; 
Bobb, Joseph C, Whitewater, Colo.; Bolger, Thomas 
F., Steamboat Springs, Colo.: Bollen, Benjamin F.. 
Los Angeles, Cal.; Bormose, Niels N., Philadelphia, 
Pa.; Brereton, John, Springfield, Mo.; Brooks, P., 
Plains, Mont.; Byers, R C . Brighton, Colo. 

Calhoun, John C., Tyler, Texas; Carlson, August T.. 
East Orange, X. J., Cheadl", Stephen H., Colorado 
Springs, Colo.; Clark, Allen, Pomeroy, Wash.; 
Collins, George B., Holdinville, Ind. Ter.; Cooper, 
Harold. Fairmount, Ind.: Craig, John E., Stockville 
and Farnam, Nebr. ; Croker, John, Bertrand, Nebr.; 
Curran, Edward, Condon, Ore. 

Dahlgren, John A , Dover, N. J.; Derome, Jules A., 
Valley Springs. So. Dak.; Detch, Albert G., Indian- 
apolis, Ind ; DeWeese, Francis M., Denver, Colo.; Doyle, 
Amos A., Panama, Cal.; Dyer, Thomas L , Dunkirk, 
Ind.; Dyrness, C. T., General Missionary in 111. 

Eckel, Prank E., Rye, Colo.; Evans, John G , Cony, 

Fellows, C. B., General Missionary in Minn.; Fisher, 
H. P., General Missionary in Minn. 

Gray, David B., General Missionary in Ore ; Green- 
lees, C. A., [ennings, okla. 

Healey, S. S , Helena, Mont.; Hill, Charles F., 
Caseyville ami Cardonia, Ind.; Hardy, William I', 
Sherman, Cal.: Herrick, E. P.,Matanzas, Cuba; Hill, 
ThomasH. Ferndale, Wash ; Howard, T. W.. Rainy 
River Valley, Minn.; Hullinger, Frank W., Colorado 
City, Colo. 

Jensen, Charles J., District Missionary in Wis.; 
Johnson. John E. V., Titusville, Pens.; Jones, J. J., 
Hobart. Okla. 

Knight, Plutarch, S., Salem, Ore.; Kovac, Andrew, 
Allegheny City, Penn; Kraemer, Julius H.. Comstock 
and Westcott, Nebr. 

Lamb, Samuel G., Compton, Cal.; Lange, J. G., 
General Missionary in Western Okla.; Loud, Oliver 
B.. Lawton, Okla. 

McRae, Isaac, Havelock Nebr.; Marsh, George, 
Pittsburg, Pa.; Mathes, George F., Perris, Cal.; 
Morrison, George M., Villa Park, Cal. 

Nelson, Charles E., Hoboken, X. J.; Newton, H. E., 
Lindale, Ga. 

Olsson, Carl F. Spencer Brook and Athens, Minn.; 
Owen, E. P., Paruna, Okla. 

Parker, Lyman B.. Sulphur, Ind. Ter.; Parker, L. J., 
General Missionary in Eastern Okla., Parsons, E. I">., 
Mankato. Minn.; Parsons, Henry \V., Mcintosh, 
Mentor and Erskine, Minn.; Pederson, Jens. James- 
town, X. V.; Pershing, James E., Vinita, Ind. Ter.; 
Powell, Katherine W., Custer, So. Dak.; Preston, Hart 
L . Newman Grove, Nebr. 

Reid, Matthew D.. Xorwalk Cal.; Richardson, W. L.. 
Pearl. Idaho; Rowell, Xathan L , Los Angeles, Cal. 

Salvado, J. Fortuny. Guanajay. Cuba; Sather, 
Bernard B., Fargo, Xo. Dak.; Skeels, Henry M., 
Denver, Colo.; Smith, Alexander D., St. Paul, Minn.; 
Someillan, H. B., Guanabacoa, Cuba; Start, Harry A., 
Park Place, Ore.; Staub, John J., Portland, Ore. 

Thomas, Owen. South Sharon, Pa., Tillman, W. H., 
Atlanta, Ga.; Todd, George L , Havana, Cuba; Todd, 
W. E., Drummond. Okla. 

Upshaw, W. L., Hydro, Okla. 

Veazie, Walter C, General Missionary in Colo. 

White, Levi, Indianapolis, Ind.; Williams, Charles 
W., A valon, Cal.; Williams, D. Thomas, Blossburg. 
Pa.; Williams, David T., Bremen, Ind.; Wiltberger, 
Lewis W., Paonia, Colo.; Wright, Edwin F., Jules- 
burg, Colo. 

Yarrow, Phillip W., St. Louis, Mo. 


April 1905. 

For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 
see page in. 

MAINE— $26. 
Maine, 10; Newcastle, 2nd, 16. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $57375: of which legacy, S500. 

Concord, Estate of Clara D B Jackson, 503; Derry, 
1st. 7.50: Nashua, Pilgrim. 47; Newmarket, T. H. Wis- 
well, 5; West Lebanon, 14. 2 ). 

VERMONT-^ 20 19. 
Burlington, 1st. 86.21; Vergennes, 23.98, S. S., 10. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $5,914.23, of which legacies. $5,825.- 

Becket, Mrs. R. M. Butler 2: Bernardston, Goodale 
Memorial, 5.3^: Boston, W. H. Blood 150; Brimfield, ( ). 
Bissell, 2; Brookline, Mrs. R. B. Stetson, 1; Clinton, 
Estate R. W. Foster, 5,000; Dorchester, 2nd 65.86, 
East Longmeadow, 1st, 14.72, Haydenville, 8.30; Holyoke, 
1st, 35.62; Hyde Park, 1st. Rev. H. Sanderson, 5; Ips- 
wich, Limebrook. 11.55; Lowell, A. A. Sanborn, 2; W. 
L. Davis, v. Melrose, Ortho.. 37.09; New Bedford, Trim. 
63.94; Newburyport, Whitefield, 1.65; Newton Center, 
Estate of Mrs. Lydia Elizabeth Ward, 791.66; Newton 
Highlands, 50: Northampton, Dorcas Soc. 1st. 50; North 
Brookfleld, ist. by A. H. Doane. to const. Rev. S. B. 
Cooper an Hon. L. M.. 49; Roxbury, M.J. W., 250; 
Springfield, Estate of L. Graves, 33 34: Sutton, ist, 4.11 
Wellesley, A Friend. 25: Whitman, S. S. n.03; Worces- 
ter, A. L. Smith, 20. 


Woman's H. M. Asso. (of Mass. and Rhode Island) Miss 
L. A White, Treas., Salary Fund, 216; Salem, Tab. 
Young Women's Miss. Circle, 5. 

RHODE ISLAND— $43.82. 

Rhode Island Home Miss. Soc, by J. "William Rice, 
Treas., 30.63; East Providence, Armington's Corners, 
Hope, 3.19; Providence, Plymouth, S. S., 10. 

CONNECTICUT— $3,682.26; of which legacy, $100. 

Miss.Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 764.14 of which 
675. for Salaries of Western Supts. ; Berlin, 2nd 64.10; 
Bozrah, 18.50; Broad Brook, 12.45. C. E., 5; Burnside, A 
Friend, 500; Connecticut, A Friend. 2^; Connecticut, A 
Friend of wich 2, for debt, 12; Hartford, "B" 10; J. G. 
Loomis, 100; Harwinton, E. S. Barker, 2: Hazardville, 
Mrs. J. Abbe, 5; Hotchkissville, J.T.Ward, 1; Jewett 
City, Mrs. R. Bothwell, 2; Kent, C. E., 10.65; Imogene 
Stuart, 100; Mrs. R. J. Hobson. 10; Manchester, Mrs. J. 
Bidwell, 15: G. B. Slater, 5; Meriden, W. H. Catlin, 25; 
H. A. Curtiss, 10, Center, J. H. Yale, 5; Middletown, 
1st, S. S., 25; Mrs. A. R. Crittenden, 45; S. E. Kil- 
bourn, 10; Moodus, Mrs. K. D. Chaffee 10; New Britain, 
M. D. Eastman, 15; South, 21; New Haven, Ch. of the 
Redeemer, 194.80; Mrs. N. S. Elderkin, 2; Newtown, S. 
I. Scudder, 100; Norwalk, E. J. Dayton, 2; Norwich, 
Broadway, Special Easter Offering, 1.000; Putnam, 
Estate of Lois H. Leavens, 100; Sherman W. B. 
Hawley. 25; South Norwalk, A Friend, 10; Stratford, O. 
R. Sheldon; .25; Mrs. S. Blakeman. 5: L. Burritt, 2; 
Taftville, 13.37: Terryville, 151.50; A. J. Adams, 5: E. A. 
Beach, 5; Torrington, Mrs L. A. Carpenter, 5; Union- 
ville, H. W. Hale, 5; S. Richards, 50; Warren, F. A. 
Curtis, 10; Wauregan, E. M. Tracv, 3; West Hartford, 
1st Ch. of Christ. 60. w; C. B. Hawley, 25; Westport, 
Mrs. E. Fitch, r; Willimantic, A. J. Boweh, 1; Wood- 
bridge. Mrs. R. E. Tomlinson. 10. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas., 
Hartford, So. Sew. Soc. Special, 15; Winsted, 2nd, Aux.; 

NEW YORK -$2,577.92. 

Albion, Mrs. G. G Anderson, 1; Angola, A. H. Ames. 
2; Auburn, A Friend, .50: Baiting Hollow, 4.67; Calver- 
ton Branch, 1; Barryville, 8.50; Bergen, Mrs. L. J. 
Denning, 15; Brooklyn, Clinton Ave., 600; Plymouth, 
466.32; Immanuel, 30; Mrs. J. A. Boynton, 1; Mrs. L. 
P- Brockett, 5 ;F. A. Dwight, 2s; Mrs. C. M. Hart- 
well, 5; Mrs. S. C. Higgins, 10; Mr. and Mrs. C. C. 
Hall; 20; M. Merrill, 5; A. J. Ormsbee, 10; G. A. Price, 
25; Mrs. A. F. Randolph, 10; R. W. Raymond, 25; Buf- 
falo, Mrs. H. N. Fayfield, 10; Mrs. L. M. H. Newell, 10; 
Candor, H. P. Potter, 100; Catskill, M. M. Elting, 10; 
Cortland, Mrs. M. H. B. Hubbard, 10; H. E. Ranney, 
25; East Bloomfield, Mrs. F. Munson, 5; Friendship, 10; 
Gaines, 10.15; Geneva, Miss C. A. Lathrop. 5; Hamilton, 
11; Hudson, A Friend, 5; Jamaica, Miss F. L. Girling, 2; 
Jamestown, E. Williams 5; Java, 4.40; Linden, S. A. 
Dowse, 10; Lockport, 1st, 4.11; Maine, Mrs. C. T. 
Barnes, 5; A Friend. 1; Middletown, Mrs. R. H. Ayres, 
5; Mrs. L. A. Ensign, 5; New York City, Mrs. S. D. 
Backus, 100: J. P. Bartlett, 25; M. T. Seccombe, 25; 
J. Talcott, 25; J. T. Terry, 25; A Friend. 10; Norwich, 
Mrs. R. A. Barber, 1; Orient, L. H. Hallock. 10; Orient 
Point, R. W. Tuthill, 10; Oswego, 8.61; Penn Yan, J. S. 
Sheppard, 25; Plattsburgh, Mrs. A. Anderson, 1; 
Poughkeepsie, Mrs. T. M. Gilbert, 25; Rensselaer Falls, 
12.78; Rochester, Estate of Brackett PL Clark, 100; H. 
S. Wilbur, 25; Rockaway Beach, 1st, S. S., 8.25- Sayville, 
Jr. C. E., 3.63; Schenectady, A. S. Carleton, 1; Sherburne, 
"M. S." 25; C. S. Gorton, 25; Smyrna, 1st, Easter 
offering, 35; Spencerport, 1st, 13.07, S. S., 7.03; Syracuse, 
D. F. Hayden,i; Walton, H. E. Hoyt, 1; F. E. Hoyt, 1. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall. Treas., 
Brooklyn, Tompkins Ave. L. B. S., 100; Mrs. J. S. 
Ogilvie 25; Mrs. M. E. Davis, 25; Mrs. W. H. Leach, 
10; Puritan, S. S., 3=;: W. G., 50; Ch. of the Pilgrims, 
50; Eldred, Aux.. 10; Fairport, 20; Friendship, M. S., 8; 
Gloversville, 30; Hudson River Assoc. 10; Moravia, Mrs. 
W. C. Tuthill, 75; New York City, Broadway Tab. S. 
W. W.. 24; New York Mills, Welsh, C. E., 5; Seneca 
Falls, Aux., 5; Sherburne, 23. 

NEW JERSEY— $516.57. 

Elizabeth, 1st, 16; Jersey City, 1st, 24.31; Montclair, 1st, 
of which 100. special, 440.60, S. S., 25; Nutley, St. 
Paul's S. S , 8; Vineland, 2.66. 

PENNSYLVANIA -$ 1 67. qo 
Braddock, Slav., 38.30, S. S., 2.40; Kane, Ch.. 54.20, S. 

S.. 30, Ladies' Miss. Soc. 8, C. E., 5; J. Davis, 25; 
Philadelphia, E. F. Fales, 5. 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Baltimore, Associate, 
''Friend," 5. 


Washington, Miss J Hemingway. 10. 

GEORGIA— $^8.65 

Atlanta, Central. 44.82, S. S., Primary Dept, 1.08; 
Cedartown, 1 ; Columbus, Ruth, Bibb City, 1; Doerun 5; 
Duluth, Mission, 2; Hartsfield, I. W. Rouse, 1; North 
Rome, .50; Seville, Williford, Abbeville, Asbury 
Chapel and Leslie, New Providence, .50; Waycross, 
Union Hill, 1.75. 

ALABAMA— $2.50. 

Deatsville, Pine Grove, Verbena, Shady Grove and 
Clanton, Mt. Spring, 2.50. 

LOUISIANA— $30.07. 

Hammond, 13.04. S. S., 2.66; Kinder, 1st, 9.37. 
Woman's Miss. Union, Miss M. L. Rogers. Treas , 5. 

FLORIDA— $128.90. 

Avon Park, Union Evan., 10; Rev. S. J. Townsend, 
<;; W. .Miss. Soc . 10: Caryville.Union, .35; Melbourne, 35; 
New Smyrna, 15: Potolo. Rev. E. A. Buttram, 2.50; San- 
ford, Peoples, 25.75; Tavares, Union 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. A. Lewis, Treas., 8.30; 
Avon Park, 2; Tavares, Aux., 10. Total $20.30 


Dallas, Central, specials, 30; Grice, Pilgrim, 1; Tyler, 
Lone Star Assoc, 3.96. 

Chickasha, 2.30. 

OKLAHOMA— $ 7 r.8 4 . 

Received by Rev. J. H. Parker, Kingfisher, Park, 1.25; 
Coldwater, 7.28; Goltry, 1.70; Medford, 13.50; Nashville, 
Pleasant View, 3.30; Okarche, 1st, 5.22; Seward, .90; 
Waukomis. 2.30; West Guthrie, 13. 

Woman's Miss. Union, Okla , Mrs. C. Worrell, Treas. 
Carrier, 2.51; El Reno, .50; Goltry, .42; Hennessey, 1.50; 
Medford, 2.51; Jr. C. E.. 2.10: Pilgrim. 6.-25; Oklahoma 
City, Pilgrim. 3; Harrison Ave., 2.50; Pleasant View, 
.60; Pond Creek, 1; Welston, .50. Total $23.39 

No. Monroe ville, 2.50. 

INDIANA— $25.30. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtis, Ridgeville, 10.80; Indian- 
apolis, Rev. A. G. Detch, 6; Michigan City, German 
Immanuel-, 6.25; Terre Haute, 1st, 2 25. 

ILLINOIS— $265; of which legacy, $240 

Delavan, R. Hoghton, 25; Port Byron, Estate of Agnes 
J. Hollister, 24}. 

MISSOURI— $506 83. 

Carthage, Rev. A. K. Wray. 50; St. Louis, Immanuel, 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Rider, Treas. 
Aurora, 7.42; Cameron, S; Carthage, 8 80; Eldora, L. A.. 2; 
Green Ridge, 1.50; Kansas City, Beacon Hill, 1.60; Clyde. 
53; First, 74.20; Ivanhoe Park, 6; Prospect Ave.. 2; 
So West Tabermcle, g. 20; Westminister, 41; Kidder, 
5.50; Lebanon, 5; Maplewood, 13.50; Meadville, 5.60; Neosho, 
8; Old Orchard, W. A.. 5: Pierce City, 2.95;' St. Joseph, 
17.25 C. E.. 8.50; St. Louis, Compton Hill, 3.20; 1st, Y. 
W. A. 6 65. Sr. L. M. S.. 49.30; Fountain Park, 14; 
Hyde Park, L. A., 1; Memorial 2; Olive Branch, 1; 
Pilgrim, W. A, 84.36; Rober Place, 4.40; Sedalia, 1st. 
5; 2nd, 2.40; Springfield, 1st. 30.30; Pilgrim. 1.35; Vinita, 
Ind. Ter., 2.70; Webster Groves, 9.05; Willow Springs, 
1.50; Windsor, 4. $508.83 

Less expenses 55-00 

Total $453-83 

Received and acknowledged in Oct. 1904 and 1905. 
Amounts not then itemized. 

Bonne Terre, 25; Brookfield, 4: Cole Camp, .60; De Soto, 4; 
Green Ridge, 2.25; Hannibal, Pilgrim. 230; Kansas City, 
Beacon Hill. 3; Clyde. 23.25; First. 17.36; So. West 
Tabernacle L. A. 6.80; Westminster, 40; Kidder, 7.5..; 
Lamar, 3. 15; Lebanon, 5.60; Maplewood, 6.33; Neosho, 4.55 
Old Orchard, 11.40; Pierce City, 2.80; St. Joseph, 27.44, St. 


Louis, ist Union, 85. us. V. L. A.. 1 j.30: Fountain Park. 
10; Hope, m: Emmanuel, 5.35; Memorial, 7.60; Pilgrim, 
164.91; .Mrs. Webb, 50; Sedalia, iSt ti; Springfield, isl. 
780; Vinita, End. Ter., 4; Webster Groves, 12. 

Total $578-34 

Ionia, too; Kalamazoo, A Friend, 10. 

Clear Lake, Swedish ■; Polar, < rerman, > j; Wood Lake, 

Su edeS, [...5. 

IOWA 120.69. 

Iowa H. M. Soc, Miss A. l> Merrill. Treas., 74.61; 
Danville, 44.08: Fort Dodge, B. < >. Williams, 1; Macksburg, 
J. W. 1 lammond, 1. 

MINNESOTA-$i 7 s.2=;. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D., Claremonl St., 5; 
Glenwood, [3.50; Minneapolis, Bethany, 6; Plymouth, 
75; Montevideo, 18; Ortonville, 15. Total $132.50 

Brownton, 4..15; Lake City, 1st, 52.15; Stewart, 3.95. S. 
S.. ». S o. 
NEBRASKA— $130.73. 

Addison, .J. n; Blaine Co., 10.55; Harbine, 4.20; Ogallala, 
30.43; Seward, Rev. F. \V. Leavitt, special; \. 16; 
Sutton, A Thank Offering German, •=,-. Thedford, 
8. 1') ;Trenton, Ch. of the Redeemer 16.50; West Point, 
ist, 2.3.50. 
NORTH DAKOTA -$46. 12. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Glenullin, 13.87; Carring- 
ton, Miss. A. C. Edwards, 5; Mayville, ist, 25.25; Oberon, 
ist. 2. 
SOUTH DAKOTA— $135.78. 

Belle Fourche, ist 24, S. S-. 4; Beulah and Wheaton, 6 
Custer. 1st 6; Erwin, 2. .>=;; Garretson. 12.17; Highmore, 20 
Ipswich, 13.80; Lesterville, 2.70; Letcher and Loomis. 14.81 
Mission Hill 3.80; Revillo, 15; Waubay, ist. 6.25 
Wessington Springs, Rev. J. Davies, 5. 

COLORADO— $253.04. 
Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Denver, Plymouth, 
1. aid, 25. 


Received by Rev. W. S. Bell, Absarokee, 5; Big Timber, 
tsl !0. 

CALIFORNIA-$8 5 8.3 4 . 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile, W. H. M. U., by Mrs. K. 
1 >. Barnes, Treas., 79.42; Alpine, 2.70; Dehesa, 1.51; 
Los Angeles, Brooklyn Ave., 54.25; Riverside, addl.,' 
39.05; Ventura. 50. 

Buena Park, 8; Escondido, 8.60; Los Angeles, Central 
Ave., [5; Plymouth, Women, 53.50; Swedes. 3.85; 
Norwalk, Bethany, 8.70; Pasadena, Airs. E5. S. Bald- 
win .•; Westside. C. E. Soc., 5; Pomona, Pilgrim, 
addl., 511.70; Sherman, Ladies' Soc., 5. 

Bulteville, 6; Hood View, tg; Stafford, Friend, 10. 

rerman Freudensfeld, 2.75; kit/. 
Salmis. 4.5=;. Nachez and Selah Valley, 
Oberlin, 7; Tacoma, 1st, 58.65. 

CUBA— 3. 
Matanzas, 3. 


Contributions _ $1 1, 1 12.44 

Legacies _ 6,665.01 

T ^ $17-777.45 

Interest 230.00 

Home Missionary 46.20 

Leaflets 42.96 

Total. _ $18,096.61 



Receipts in April, 1905. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Abington, tst,i2; Adams, ist, 76, C. E. 5; Auburn, ig; Bos- 
ton, Boylston, 38 68; Ellis Mendell Fund, 1000; Dor- 
chester, 2nd, 15; Home Missions, 10; Immanuel. 771 ■; S. 
S., u.14; Tremont Bank Liquidation, 150; Boxford, 
West, 2. js; Brackett Fund, 80; Brockton, Campello S. S., 
ig.57; Cambridge, Pilgrim. 11.88; Chelsea, Central. 3. ,7; 
Chesterfield, 2.42: Concord, 28.91; Dover, 19. i5;Easthampton, 
Payson, 18.35: Fall River, Central, 57.93: Finns, The 
Cape, 13 25; Fitchburg, Finn, g.25; Framingham, Ply- 
mouth, 73.60; Greenfield, 2nd, 32.10; R. C. (-lurney Fund, 
15; E. J. M. Hale. Fund 30; Halifax, 7.50; Hardwick, i- Gil- 
bertville," 140; Haverhill Center, 52.48; Hawley, ist, 1.70; 
Holyoke, 2nd, 9484; Hopkintou, Est. Mrs. Sarah B. 
Crooks. 10.000; Hubbardston, 12; Hyde Park, ist, 10.26; 
Maynard, Finn, 4; Melrose, ri; 5; Millbury, 2nd S.S.,25; 
Monson, Cong'l, 35 83; Newton, Auburndale, 289.26; 
Center. 101.24; Eliot, 160; Northbridge, X. Center, ist, 
20; Northfield, •"Evelyn," 5; Pepperell. 10: D. Reed Fund, 
116; Rollins Fund, 20, Rutland, 18; Salem, Tabernacle, 
15.70; Shirley, g;Sisters Fund, So; Somerville, Highland, 
1458; Prospect Hill, 40. 10; South Hadley, ^S.37; Spring- 
field, Olivet, 14.75; Hope, 4g.4o; Stoneham, Cong'l, 17.71; 
Taunton, Ea-t, S; Wall Fund, 48; Wareham, ist, 7.60; 
First, 1: West Tisbury, 13.57, D. Whitcomb Fund. 5S; 
J. C. Whitin Fund, 206; Whitman, ist. 15.07; Williams- 
town, ist, 166; Des. for Easter School of Theology, 
Andover, W. P. Fisher, 30; Haverhill, North, 15; Newton, 
ist, 10; Des. for C. H. M. S., Auburn, 19: Newbury, 
ist, 21.86; Red Wing, Minn., 5; West Springfield, 22.70. 

Woman's H. M. Association, Ella A. Smith, Ass't Treas. 
Salaries, for French College, $70; Salary for Italian 
Worker, 35. 

Regular ._ $14,464.21 

Designated for Easter School. 5500 

Designated for C. H. M. S 68.56 

W. H. M. A 105.00 

Home Missionary..- 2.90 

.Total $14,695.67 

Receipts in April, 1905. 
Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 
Ansonia, German. 8, Bridgeport, Olivet, Ch. and S. S., 
13.60; East Hartland, 10; Hartford, Park, 61.12; Asylum 
Hill, S. S., 20.77; W'indsor Ave., for C. H. M. S , 87.14; 
New Britain, South, 139. 45: New Haven, Howard Ave., 
20.12; Redeemer, for Italian Woik, 25; New London, 
ist, C. E. Special, 3.50; No. Madison, 13.71; Oakville, 
17.71; Plainville, Swedish, 3; Plantsville, 19.35; Salis- 
bury, 3.50; So. Glastonbury, 5; Stratford, 16.98; Terryville, 
63.59; Thomaston, ist, 14.02; Torrington. ist, 3.40; for 
C. H. M. S., 2; Vernon, 15; Washington, ist, 21.70; Water- 
bury, 2nd, for Italian Work, 20; Italian 7; Wauregan, 
to constitute Miss E. V. Gardner of Wauregan an 
H. L M., 65; West Haven, ist. 19.60; Wilton, 21.47: 
Wolcott. 15; Bequest in will of Mrs. Delight Cpson, 
late of Burlington, deceased, 719.04. 

M. S. C $1,365.63 

C. H. M. S 89.M 

Total $1,454-77 


Receipts in April, 1905. 

J. William Rice, Treasurer, Providence. 

Barrington, 35; Central Falls, 51.56; Newport, United 

Ch., 20.05; Providence, Bentficent Ch. for C. H. M. S.. 


R. I. H. M. S $io6.6t 

C. H. M. S 30.63 

To;al $137.24 


Receipts in April, 1905. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. New York. 

Arlington, N. J., Mrs. M A. Hooker. 5: Berkshire, 

Harriet B. Johnson, 1.02; Brooklyn, Lydia Benedict, 5; 



Miss C. L. Beckingham, t; Miss E. Beckingham, i; 
M. L. R., 20, Mrs. Calvin .Patterson, 1; Luella B. 
Brown, 2; Buffalo, Plymouth, 15; Grand Island, .so; 
Lincklaen, 2.04; New York, Dr. Burnham, 2; Herbert 
Mead, Jr., 5; Mrs. Wiley, 5; Miss Inslee, 10; Miss 
Walker, 3; Nathaniel B. Harris, 10, Fanny K. Smith, 
5; Phoenix, 7.35; Sherburne, Dr. O. A. Gorton, 100; Syra- 
cuse, Geddes, 11.41; Washington Mills, 10.13; W. H. M. 
U., 200. Total 4^2-45 


Receipts in April, 1905. 
Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 
Chardon, 15 25; Cincinnati, No. Pairmount, 5; Cleve- 
land, Lakeview, 8; Mizpah. 3; Columbus, i=t. personal, 
5, Cuyahoga Falls, S. S. 20; Ironton, 6; Lodi, 2.50; Lorain, 
1st, 1.25; Madison, Central, 13.09; Tallmadge, 8.05; 
Toledo, Washington St., 17.70; Thomastown, .uiss Ra, hel 
Davies. 55 Wakeman, 2.78; Wauseon, n.25. 

Total $127 27 


Receipts in April, 1905. 

Mrs. George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo. 

Cincinnati, Spring Rally, 10, No. Pairmount; C. E., 

2.90; S.S. 17.24. Total $30.14 

General Total $157.41 


Receipts in April, 1905. 

John W. Ihff, Treasurer, Chicago, 111. 

Abingdon, 26.21; Amboy, i; Chicago, 1st, 27.46; Leavitt 

St., 30.41; New England, 48; Bilgrim 33; Warren 

Ave., 12.32; East St. Louis, Plymouth, 18; Hinsdale, 

73.15; Loda, 6.35; Olney, 18; Park Ridge, German, 5; 

Paxton, 145.05; Rantoul, 2.60; Wataga, 3. 

Illinois W. H. Missionary Union, 174.60, Chicago, Mrs. A. 
H. Marsh, 5; G. R. Moore, 2, Mrs. Sherar 5; Rev. G. 
C. Williams, 5; Earlville, J. A. Dupee, 2 D ; Evanston, 
Mrs. Lucy D. Shuman, 100; Hinsdale, Miss G. Thomp- 
s n's class, 1.50; Interest, 30. 

Total $819.65 


Receipts in April, 1905. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer, Lansing. 

Ada, 1st, 2; 2nd, 2; Alama, 19.42; Alba, 27.20; S. S-, 
3.53; Allegan, 2.50; S. S., 9.50; C. E., 1.53; Jr. C. E. 2; 
Allenville, 14; Almont, 69.75; C. E. 10; Alpena, 20.50; 
Alpine, Center S. S., 1.31; Armada, 65; Augusta, 15; 
Bangor, 1st, 4.19; West, 11.75; Baldwin, 9.35; S. S. 3; 
Baroda. 4; Bay City, C. E., 10; Bass River, 2.20; Bedford, 

4, Belding, 12; Bellaire, 37; Benton Harbor, 118.56, :->. S., 
0.13; In C. E., 3; Benzonia, 103.70; Bethel, 10.70; S. S., 
1.48; Big Prairie, 3.25; Big Rapids, 1st, 51.80; Township, 
5.50; Bradley. 4; Breckenridge, 2; Bridgeport, 4; Bndgman, 
5.25; Bronson, 20; Butternut, 11.30; Cadillac, 146.45; Calu- 
met, 25; Cannon, 13; Carmel, 5; Carson City, 18.85; Cedar, 
3.50; S. S.,2 55; Central Lake, 11; Ceresco, 2.50; Charlevoix, 
s.S. ,2; Charlotte, 20; Chase, 3, Chassell, S.S.,6.30; Cheboy- 
gan, 20; Chelsea, 48.59; Chesterfield, 10; Chippewa Lake, 
y ; Clare, S. S., 3.95; Clarksville, 12; Clinton, 35; Coloma, 

5. S., 4.50; Columbus, 20; Conklin, 15; Constantine, 20.04; 
Copemish, 5.60; S. S. .73; Cooper, 19.37; Coral, 25; Covert, 
9.50; S. S., 2.50; Custer, 19.78; S. S., 2.32; Detroit, 1st. 
93; Woodward, Ch., 116.04; »■ S., 30; Port St., 38.34; 
Boulevard, 5; North, 60.75; Oakwood, S. S., 2.37; 
Dexter, C. E., 5; Douglass, Ch. and S. S., 12; Drummond, 
2; Dundee, 4.79; Durand, 9; S. S., 16; Eastmanville, 10; 
Eastlake, 8.20; East Paris, 10; Eaton Rapids, 21.36; S. S., 
4.41; Edmore, 3.10; Ellsworth, .50; Essexville, 10.78; S. S., 
2.29; FarwelL 10.55; Fern, 1; Fruitport, 1.18; S. S., 3.18; 
Flat Rock, 3.25; S. S., 1; Freeland, 2, Fremont, 53.50; S. S., 
5; Jr. C. E., 5; Freesoil,; Galesburg, 14.75; S. S., 5; 
C. E., 8; Garden, 5; Gladstone. 9.50; Grand Blanc, S. S., 
1.05, Grand Ledge, 68; Grass Lake, 10.47; Grand Rapids, 
30. ». S., 3.50; Greenville, 38.04; Haakwood, S. S., 2; 
Hamburg, 0.13; Hancock, 58.25; S. S., 44.10; Hart, 30; 
Hartford; 14; Hartland, 10; Homestead, g; Honor, 10; Hop- 
kins, 1st, 12.85; Hilliards, S. S., 2.50; Howard City, f. 
liudson, 43.70; Hudsonville, 25; Ironton, 2; Jackson, 1st; 
7 3 , (-"lymouth Ch., 20; S. S., 5; Jenison, 5.50; Jerome, 5, 
Johannesburg, S. S., 10; Johnstown and Barry 10; Kalama; 
zoo, 100; Kalamo, 5; Kalkaska, 10; Kenton, S. S., 12.27- 
Lake Ann, S. S., 5; Lake Linden, 6; Lake Odessa, 6.59; 
Lakeview, 15.75; Lansing, Plymouth Ch., 46.95; S. S., 

18.29; Mayflower, 10; Leonidas, S, S., 2; Lewiston, 44.90; 
S. S., 5.35; C. E., 3; Leroy, 11; Leslie, ist, 14; b. S., 7; 
Lowell, 17; Linden, 3. 88; Litchfield, 17.71; Ludington, 
91.55; Luzerne, 5; Mackinac Island, S. S., 3.40; Mancelona, 
18.25; ^- E., 1; Manistee, 48.84; Maple City, 5; C. E., 2; 
Mattawan, 7.49; Maybee, 3.20; S. S>., 3; Memphis, 20,91; 
Metamora, 10; Michigan Center, 11.25; Mio, -5°; Morenci, 
S. S., 5; Mulliken, 19, Muskegon, ist, 40; North Adams, 
S. S., 3; Northport. 36.15; S. S., 3.85; C. E., 5; Jr. C, 
E., 5; Newago, 12; New Baltimore, o. 14; S. S., 1.66; C. E.. 
2; New Haven, 16.50; Nunica, .35; Old Mission, 16.40; 
Olivet, 67.10; Omena, 14.0b; Onondago, S. S., 1.75; Otsego, 
19; Ovid, 18.32; 6. S., 12.19; ^ r - C. E., 5.15; Jr. C. E., 5; 
Owosso, 50; S. S., 16: C. E., 15; Perry, 12"; Pinckney, 10; 
Pine Grove, 12; Pittsford, 7.54; S. S., 4.80; Pleasanton, 13; 
Port Huron, ist, 400; 24 St., 17; Ross Mem. Ch., 9.75; 
S. S., 2; C. E., 2; Sturgis, 2.80; Portland, 36.58; Pratt- 
ville, 13.10; Ransom, 7.15; Rapid River, 10; Red Ridge, S. 
S., 4.15: Red Jacket, 42; Richmond, 13.25; S. b., 2; 
Rochester, 18; Rodney, 3.02; Romeo, 74.98; Rondo, S. S., 
4.08; Rosedale, io; Roscommon, 7; Ryno, 3.50; Saginaw, ist, 
140; S. S., 7.34; Genesee St., 5; St. Clair, 24.25; St. Johns, 
50; St. Joseph, 76.S5; Sandstone, 10.10; Salem, 2nd, 17.92; 
Saugatuck, 25; Saranac, 14; Shaftsburg, 7.30; Shelby, 10; 
Sherman, 16; Six Lakes, 10; S. S., 1.72; South Boston, 10; 
South Lake Linden, 15; South Jefferson, 5.50; Standish, 8; 
Stanton, 3.07, Texas, 2.05; Tipton, 0; S. S., 1.30; Three 
Oaks, 141.23; Thompsonville, 5; Traverse City, 26.58; Tyrone, 
8.75; Union City, 34.20; S. S., 5; Vanderbilt, 22; Vermont- 
ville, 70; Vernon, 19.47; S. S., 2.78; Ladies' Soc, 10; C. 
E., 5; Victor, 2. 11; Wacousta, 5; Wayne, 23.25; S. S.,6.75; 
C. E., 5; Wayland, 10; Webster, 19; West Adrian, 8; West- 
ville, 2.30; Wheatland, 25.15; S. S., 6.8b; White Cloud, 16, 
Whitehall, 14.25; S. S., 3.58; C. E., 2.17; Whittaker, S. 
S., 1.S5; Williamston, 3.60; Wolverine, 21.04; Wyandotte, 
9.00; S. S., 13.85; Ypsilanti, 25; S. S., 7.10; W. H. M. 
U., 1,210.84, Anonymous, 326.30; A Friend, 60. 

Total $6,774.19 

Receipts in April, 1905. 
Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treasurer, Greenville. 
Allegan, W. M. S., 7.70; Almont, Cong'l M. S.. 5.25; 
Ann Arbor, W. H. M. S. (thank off'gof 55), 74; Benton 
Harbor, W. At. W., 5; Bronson, W M. S., 4; Charlotte, 
L. B. S.. 25; Cooper, W. M. S.,5; Detroit, Fort St.Cong'i 
Miss. U., 7; North Cong'l U., 6; Woodward Ave. M. 
U., 37.50; Fenwick, W. M. S., 2; Flint, W. H. M. S.. 
19.75, Galesburg, W. H. M. S., 3.65; Grand Lodge, W. H. 
M. S. and L. A. S., 3.10; Grass Lake, W. H. M. S., 19; 
G.eenville, W. H. M. S., 5; Hart, W. H. and F. M. S., 
10; Highland, W. H. and P. M. S.. 4.50; Interest 10; 
Kalamazoo, W.M.U., 108.35; Mancelona, W.M.H.U., 12.75; 
Manistee, W. M. S., 25; Maybee, L. S., 3.74; Morenci, W. 
M. S.. s; Muskegan, W. M. S., 35; New Baltimore, W. H. 
M. S., 5; Owosso, M. U., 18; Reed City, W. H. M. S., 10; 
Sheridan, W. H. M. S., 5; Stanton, W. H. M. S., 9.50; 
South Haven, W. M. S., 10; St. Clair, L. M.S. (thank 
off g 33 45)> 45-45! St. Johns, W. H. M. S. Easter off g, 
6.00; Sidney, VV Cong'l S., 5; Union City, W. H. M. S., 
11.25; Ypsilanti, W. H. M. S., 7.42. 

Total $575-9i 


Benzonia, C. E., 5; Detroit, Ft. St. Jun. C. E., 3.26; 

Hudson, C. E., 5; Jackson, ist Mission Band, 1.75; 

St. Clair, Young Woman's Union. 5, C. E., 10; Jun. C. 

E., 4; S. S., 6. Total for Junior Fund, $40.01 

Reported at the National Office in April and May 1905. 

Bridgewater, N. Y., 1st Ch., W. M. S.. box, 50; Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., Tompkins Ave. Ch., L. B. S., 2 bbls, 205.22; 
Chicago, 111., South Ch., W. A., 2 bbls.. 146.99; Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Highland Ch., bbl., 42; Conway, Mass., 
Ladies Aid Soc, 2 bbls., no; Hartford, Conn., Farm- 
ington Ave. Ch., L. H. M. S.. 2 boxes. 311.11; Middle- 
town, Conn., South Ch., bbl., 132.93; Montclair, N. J., 
1st Ch., W. H. M. S., box and bbl., 116.79; New Glou- 
cester, Me., Ch. and Endeavor Soc, bbl., 22.85; New- 
port, N. H., Newport Workers, box, 36.59; Orange, N. 
J., Ch. box, 175. Sharon, Conn., Sewing Soc, bbl., 
119.80; Verona, N. J., 1st Ch., box. 52.14; Walton, N. Y., 
L. H. M. S., bbl., 63.86; Wethersfield, Conn., Ladies Aid 
Soc. bbl., 105; Windsor Locks, Conn., L. H. M. S., bbl., 
67; Winsted, Conn., ist Ch., H. M. Dep't of W. U., 2 
boxes, 127.10. 

Total $1,884.38 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. Y» 

Henry C. King, D.I)., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D., Washington Choate, D.D., 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 

Watson L. Phillips, D.D., Chairman Rev. Livingston L. Taylor, R'rording Secretary 

Thomas C. MacMillan S. P. Capman. i West 

Edward N. Packard, D.D. Frank. L. Goodspeed, D.D. George P Stockweli 

Rev. William h. holman Sylvester B.Carter Henry H. Kelsey 


Fitld Secretary, Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, South Framingham, Mass. 
Field Assistant, MISS M. DEAN MOFFATT. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio 

Edw. D. Curtis, D.D Indianapolis. Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

S. F. Gale, D.D Jacksonville. Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D Carthage, Mo. Arizona, Utah and Idaho), 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. Salt Lake City 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo, Rev. John L. Maile ...Los Angeles, Cal. 

Harmon Bross, D.D Lincoln. Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp Forest Grove, Ore. 

Rev. A. T. Clarke Fort Payne, Ala. Rev. Charles A. Jones, 412 South 45th St., Phila., Pa. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D Atlanta, Ga. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Tex. Rev. J. Homer Parker Kingfisher, Okla. 

W. H. Thrall, D.D Huron, S. Dak. Geo. L. Todd, D.D ....Havana, Cuba 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " " Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross. Treasurer " " " " Concord N. H. 

Charles H. Merrill, D.D. , Secretary. .Vermont Domestic " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Richie, Treasurer " " " St. johnsbury. Vt. 

F. E. Emrich, D.D. , Secretary Massachusetts Home " " I 6og Cong'l House, 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer " " ) Boston. Mass. 

Rev. I. H. Lyon, Secretary ...Rhode Island " Central Falls. R. I. 

I os. Wm. Rice, Treasurer '• " " " " Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford. Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer. " " " Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and22d St., New York 

Clayton S. Fitch. Treasurer 

Rev. Charles H. Small. Secretary Ohio " " 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer " 

A. M. Brodie, D.D., Secretary Illinois 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer " " 

Homer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary Wisconsin " 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer " " 

T. O. Douglass, D.D.. Secretary Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer .. . .. " 

William H.Warren, D.D., Secretary ..Michigan " 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer.. 

Rev ; Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

H. C. Bowman, Treasurer " " Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison, Secretary California Home Missionary Society .San Francisco, Cal. 

Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Newell, Superintendent. " " " " St. Louis, Mo. 

Lewis E. Snow. Treasurer " " " " St. Louis, Mo. 

Fourth Ave. and2ad St., New York 

-. Cleveland. Ohio 

Cleveland. Ohio 

I 153 La Salle St., 

J Chicago 

Beloit, Wis. 

Whitewater, Wis. 

Grinnell. Iowa 

Des Moines. Iowa 

Lansing, Mich. 

Lansing, Mich. 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

lonths after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer ofthe Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

Society, and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 
Honorary Life Member. 

Presby Hist Soc 
1319 Walnut st 


Luck f 

in Summertime means W 
freedom from Prickly x - 
Heat, Chafing and 

MENNEN 8 ( > 

Borated Talcum 


always brings im- 
mediate relief. He 
sure tha 1 : 
the i 


Gerhard Mennen Co. 
Newark, N. J. 

Tot The Toilet. 


7 > 





50 Cents a Year 








4™ AVE 6 22.?iPST. 


Entered at the Post-Office, at New York, N. Y. t as second-class [mail] matter 



or SK I'T K M BKK. l 905. j« 


I. Northern Maine. Rev. Charles Harbutt . . . .113 

II. Northern Wisconsin. Homer W. Carter, D.D. . . . 119 


A Story of the Frontier, Sarah S. Pratt . . . .123 

EDITOR'S OUTLOOK . . . . .127 
The National Society tp Its Auxiliaries 


' Another Frontier. A. E. Ricker . . . . . .128 

In the Beginning. R. T. Cross ' . . . . .128 

What I Have Seen of Frontiers. (Illustrated.) W. G. Puddefoot . 130 

OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE. Conducted by Don O. Shelton 

Observations (Illustrated). D. O. S. . . .. . .133 

Bright Days at Silver Bay. (Illustrated). . . . . .135 

Why Should Young People be Interested in Home Missions ? Rev. R. 

DeWitt Mallary . . . . . ' . .138 

HOME MISSIONARY HYMN. Rev. Joel Stone Iv^s . . .140 

The Woman Who Runs the Society — Success 





Published monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary society 



President of the Congregational Home Missionary Society 



vol. lxxix SEPTEMBER 1905 

No. 4 


By Rkv. Charles Harhutt 

Secretary Maine 

I HAVE been asked to write as 
to Maine's frontier and its re- 
lation to home missionary 

We have been given to under- 
stand that there is no longer any 
frontier in this country It has dis- 
appeared along with the herds of 
buffalo and the Indian before the 
march of civilization. This idea 
has come to hold sway perhaps be- 
cause the popular conception of 
what constituted our frontier was 
entirely connected with the vast un- 
known and unoccupied stretches of 
country which but a few years ago 
occupied so large a part of the 
states which lie west of the Missis- 
sippi Boundless prairie or limitless 
forest, peopled by savages, and a few 
daring hunters and settlers, to say 
nothing of fugitives from justice, 
with the necessary setting of herds 
of deer, antelope and buffalo, the 
wolf and the bear, and withal the 
fascination and fearsomeness of the 
unexplored, the unknown and that 
which is vast — this was the frontier. 

Accepting this view of it, has the 
frontier disappeared even from 
Maine, the most easterly of all the 
states ? It will not require a very 
extended study of the conditions 
which exist in the "Pine Tree State'* 
to demonstrate the fact that there is 

Missionary Society 
still left a not inconsiderable frontier 
of the old style, which only lacks 
the buffalo and Indian to satisfy the 
most exacting imagination. 

People who own cottages at Bar 
Harbor, or Dark Harbor, or cruise 
along our many hundreds of miles 
of unequaled coast line in the sum- 
mer time, or who visit Portland, that 
most delightful city by the sea, 
know and see nothing of this. One 
begins to sense the possibilities of it 
at Bangor, or while speeding along 
the railway which for miles skirts 
the Kennebec River where great 
rafts of logs and lumber are to be 
seen But these no more give us an 
idea of frontier conditions and life 
than the oranges and figs upon our 
tables tell us of life in Florida or 

Webster tells us that the frontier 
is that part of a country which 
fronts or faces another country. A 
look at the map of Maine will dis- 
close the fact that it projects far up 
into Canada with a boundary line 
on two sides which at a low estimate 
must be over five hundred miles in 
extent. It will also show that more 
than one half of the state is still 
virtually covered with forest and 
that with the exception of that part 
of the line which marks the eastern 
boundary of Aroostook County, be- 



tween Houlton and Fort Fairfield, 
almost the whole of the territory 
abutting on Canada is forest land. 
The Forest Commissioner in his re- 
port for 1902 says that the state 
contains 31,500 square miles of 
territory of which 21,000 square 
miles is forest land and that 9,471,- 
050 acres are taxed as wholly wild 
land and this does not include all of 
the lumber of the state Aroostook 
County alone is almost equal in size 
to the State of Massachusetts and of 
its 4,400,000 acres only 800,000 have 
been taken up by the towns, villages 
and farming districts, and of these 
probably not half have yet been 

Here are vast solitudes where one 
can cruise through mile after mile 
of trackless forest, or canoe over 
silent water ways, day after day and 
not meet with any other human 
being. The only one who goes this 

way is the hunter, trapper or woods- 
man. These forests every year 
give up their thousands of deer, 
their hundreds of moose and numer- 
ous bears. Judged by dictionary 
or popular standards Maine has 
a frontier, which, if not known to 
the sojourner upon the coast or to 
the student of economic conditions, 
is yet well known to many a busi- 
ness man of New York or Pennsyl- 
vania, who comes to bury himself 
for weeks together in its restful 

We have our frontier then — 21,000 
square miles of it — but what is its 
relation to home missionary en- 
terprise? Missions are connected 
with mankind and not with forest 
trees or moose and bears. Again 
we appeal to the map and the re- 
ports of the Forest Commissioner 
and the Bureau of Industrial and 
Labor Statistics and of the railroads 


i0k r " 

■ ■ 



• -<?''' , ' 


that are helping to develop the 

A large area of the state is 
covered by water. Besides the 
numerous smaller streams which run 
directly into the Atlantic there are 
six great river systems, each con- 
nected with chains of lakes and 
draining wide areas of territory. 
These are the Saco, Androscoggin, 
Kennebec, Penobscot, St. Croix and 
St. John. The two latter form in 
part the eastern boundary between 
Maine and New Brunswick but the 
main watershed of each is in the 
former state. This great water 
system has given to Maine natural 
advantages possessed by but few 
other states. An estimate was 
made a few years ago by one well 
qualified for the task, that the 
natural fall of these rivers in their 
course to the sea, would produce 
2.500,000 horse power available for 
manufacturing purposes. But when 
we add to this the fact that within 
the past few years a careful and 
systematic development of the 
natural power has been undertaken, 
the possibilities in the way of manu- 
facturing are almost beyond esti- 

mate. The Androscoggin is said to 
yield more power than any other 
river in New England and probably 
more than any other river of its size 
in the United States and only a 
small part of it is now being used. 

But what interests us most is the 
water power going to waste else- 
where. The Somerset Railway, for 
instance, is to extend its road to the 
west shore of Moosehead Lake and 
its manager says that it will open 
up privileges developing 200,000 
horse power. The Allagash River 
in the far north of Aroostook drains 
an area of 1,475 square miles before 
it flows into the St. John. Here 
are some of the best undeveloped 
powers in the county which are 
capable of furnishing 50,000 horse 
power for every working day of 
twelve hours. And this is only one 
river out of the many which will 
soon be made available by the 
growth of the Bangor and Aroostook 
Railroad. But water powers with- 
out something to manufacture are 
of little use. What will be done 
with Maine's opportunities? There 
are standing in our forests to-day 
21,239,000,000 feet of spruce besides 


1 '7 

vast quantities of pine, cedar, hem- 
lock, poplar and hard woods. In re- 
gard to the spruce it is estimated 
that the annual increase is such as 
in warrant the cutting of 637,000,- 
000 feet per year. The pulp mills 
are using 275,000,000 feet per year 
at the present time; how much is 
being manufactured into lumber is 
uncertain but it is a vast amount. 
There is however still a large margin 
of available stock and Maine can go 
on and increase its out-put for many 
years without any fear of a lumber 

It is estimated also that 35,000,000 
feet of white birch are cut each year 
a large part of which is manufac- 
tured into spools. And this timber 
is also increasing rapidly. In fact 
there is no state in the Union which 
reproduces its native woods more 
surely or more rapidly than does 

Now, how does this possession of 
vast forests and almost illimitable 
water power affect missionary work? 
In a previous article Rumford Falls 
and Millinoeket were spoken of as 
magic developments arising from 
the growth of the pulp and paper in- 
dustries. These places do not stand 
alone. In the midst of the woods 
upon the banks of the St. Croix, be- 
tween Calais and Princeton, a new 
town is to grow up and already 
the foundations are being laid for 
what has been called a second 
Millinoeket. Here is to be another 
huge pulp and paper mill. At 
Van Buren, a French town two and 
one half miles from the present vil- 
lage, has been built a new mill with 
a possible capacity of 100,000,000 
feet of lumber per year. Here a 
new village will grow up and a 
Protestant population will be 
gathered. At Eagle Lake similar 
conditions are found; two new 
lumber mills, one with a possible 
output of 100,000,000 per year, have 
built up a new village and brought 
a Protestant element into this 
French town. 

It was in [893 that the Bangor 
and Aroostook Railroad began to 
push its way into the Aroostook 
and open up its vast resources and 
since then about twenty-five new 
mill settlements have been estab- 
lished. Some of these have already 
developed into permanent settle- 
ments and attained considerable 
growth. Others will last for ten or 
fifteen years until the available 
lumber is cut off and the mill will 
be abandoned. The future of such 
a settlement is uncertain. In some 
cases land will be cleared and farming 
developed ; in others abandonment 
of the mill will mean the end of the 
settlement. While they last, how- 
ever, these places offer great oppor- 
tunities for missionary work. A 
good example of such a settlement 
is Davidson, also Pride's mills and 
Howe Brook, in all of which places 
our missionaries have from time to 
time sought to interest the people 
in religious things and minister to 
their needs. 

But more of Maine's frontier is to 
be reduced to eivilized standards. 
Much of it never can be anything else 
but forest. Hard wood will succeed 
soft wood and vice versa so long as 
the commonwealth lasts, but in the 
Aroostook is much available farm- 
ing land and the sun shines on none 
that is better. As has already been 
said probably not more than 400,- 
000 acres of the 4,400,000 which 
comprise the county have been 
cleared. Upon this land enormous 
crops are raised of potatoes, oats 
and hay and an increasing quantity 
of wheat. The yield of bushels of 
potatoes to the acre is larger than 
in any other state, and that of 
wheat considerably larger than in 
any of the great wheat growing 
sections of the country. The 
potato market is assured, the pro- 
duct being in demand for seed in 
almost every other state, and all 
that is required in regard to wheat 
is the perfecting of a native variety 
and expert milling, as it has been 



demonstrated that the soil and 
climate are favorable to its culti- 
vation in a paying degree. With 
this favored land developed to so 
small an extent it is not necessary 
to say to the would-be prosperous 
settler ' ' go west, " he may with equal 
promise of success be told to "go 
east." There are numerous hard 
wood ridges, still covered with dense 
growth of timber, that will make as. 
good farms as are now to be seen in 
this garden spot of Maine. The 
river bottoms also have intervale 
lands which will yet produce hay 
crops that will be able to success- 
fully compete with the western pro- 
duct in Boston and New York. 
And this is surely, if slowly, being 
brought to pass. Not more than 
eight years ago the writer saw the 
first trees felled on the first farm 
which was being cleared in the 
midst of a long stretch of forest 
on the road between Presque Isle 
and Ashland. To-day for several 
miles on either side of the road the 
land is cleared and occupied by small 
farms, which gradually are growing 
in size and appearance of thrift and 
which need only time to enable them 
to compete with the best. 

That this phase of development 
makes demands upon missionary 

enterprise is shown by the fact that 
the population of this, the great 
frontier county, is growing every 
decade. In 1880 it was only 41,700, 
while to-day it has been estimated 
as being well up to 70,000. The 
railroad which has done so much to 
develop it is now engaged in ex- 
tending its line to the sea coast and 
is building up a new deep-water 
harbor that will be open to traffic 
all the year round. The progress 
of development has been hindered 
by lack of shipping facilities, but 
with this new outlet, amply able to 
handle all that can be raised on the 
farms or manufactured in the mills, 
the increase in population will be 
much more rapid in the future. 
The year 1870 saw about 40,000 
bushels of potatoes carried to the 
market. In 1903 this had risen to 
over 5,606,000 bushels, or 11,214 
car loads, while 4,000 car loads of 
lumber products in 1893-4 had risen 
in ten years to not less than 25,000. 
Who is able to tell what the next 
ten years will show in the way of 

The call for mission work is de- 
pendent on this commercial devel- 
opment. Maine's frontier is a mine 
of wealth. With four railroad sys- 
tems — the Rumford Falls, the Som- 



erset, the Bangor and Aroostook, 
and the Maine Central — all reach- 
ing out into the wilderness to help 
to make it "blossom as the rose," 
the church may well keep wide 
awake, for its opportunity will 
surely come, once and again. In 
this "frontier region," or on account 
of its development, the Maine Mis- 
sionary Society has built eight 

churches within the past two years 
and has four more now in hand, and 
it is safe to say that the next few 
years will see the demand for many 

Whether there is a frontier in this 
country or not, Maine has all the 
essential frontier conditions, and it 
gives her an interesting and fruitful 
field for missionary enterprise. 


By Homer W. Carter, D.l). 

Secretary Wisconsin Home Missionary Society 

FROM Chicago to Cleveland by 
the Lake Shore and Michigan 
Southern Railway is 347 
miles. From Milwaukee to Ashland 
is 367. Milwaukee is thirty-four 
miles north of Kenosha and Ashland 
is seventy-two miles east of West 
Superior. The trip therefore from 
Southeast Wisconsin to the extreme 
northwestern point, is 473 miles, or 
within fifty-seven miles of the dis- 
tance from Chicago to Buffalo. The 
northern half of this great common- 
wealth has been a heavily timbered 
country. For the most part the 
first growth of pine and other ever- 
greens, as well as various sorts of 
hard wood timber have been cut off. 
Yet most of this northern region is 
still covered with timber of more or 
less value, besides stumpage slash- 
ings and burnt over districts, inter- 
spersed with clearings, settlements 
and towns. 

Rapid Settlement 

The rapid settlement of this region 
now in process is one of the marvels. 
Literally, thousands of home seek- 
ers and home builders are flocking 
along the railroads and upon the 
cheaper land far from the railroad. 
Its mines, its varied sorts of timber, 
its rich farmlands, and especially its 
wonderful grazing sections, attract 

multitudes of sturdy settlers, of the 
best foreign as well as of native 

Principal Fenenga of North Wis- 
consin Academy calls the Lake 
Superior region the " banana belt," 
nevertheless, the settler in that 
region must prepare for a long cold 

H. W. CARTER, D. D. 


winter. For people in vigorous 
health its exhilarating tonic of air, 
more than compensates for the trials ; 
although a grumbler was heard to 
condemn the climate with strong 
adjectives, because "it takes all 

Grove Meetings 

Among the summer delights of 
the people are gospel meetings in a 
tent, or better still in the open of 
one of the groves by the river or 



summer to get wood enough to keep 
warm through the winter and all 
winter to get ice enough to keep 
cool through the summer," but that 
is not so different from some other 
sections of the country. 

upon one of Wisconsin's beautiful 
and innumerable lakes. For several 
years Rev. F. N. Dexter, District 
Missionary, and Rev. George C. 
Haun, lately deceased, Superin- 
tendent of the Sunday School 


Society, labored together with most 
cheering results in these grove meet- 
ings. With the two district mis- 
sionaries, Mr. Dexter for the eastern 
half of the state and Rev. J. B. 
Whitelaw for the western half, with 
Rev. John Willan, joint missionary 

of the Home Missionary and Sunday 
School Society, and with Rev. O. 
L. Robinson, State Superintendent 
of the latter named society, heartily 
co-operating with the home mis- 
sionary secretary, the missionary 
interests of the state will be seen 




to be carefully guarded and devel- 


Ten denominations and six reform 
agents are united in a state federa- 
tion which has already born valuable 
fruit. In several cases joint visits 
to fields, about which there was a 
question by the representatives of 
different denominations have re- 
sulted in a fortunate settlement of 
the question and have made it 
manifest that the missionary officials 
are co-operating rather than com- 
peting. Combinations of small 
churches in old fields are also 
brought about where practicable. 
Yet with a scarcity of the right type 
of ministers and of money the mis- 
sionary boards cannot by any co- 
operation or federation, keep pace 
with the new settlements and towns 
covering more than 20,000 square 
miles in north Wisconsin, to say 
nothing of the more settled southern 
district with 25,000 square miles in 


In five and one-half years since 
Wisconsin assumed self-support, not 
only has it not killed off any of the 
grandchildren of the mother of us 
all, but on the contrary it has 
banished the edict, " no new work in 
North Wisconsin," while it has also 
maintained all the work then in 
existence, besides organizing thirty- 
eight new churches, dedicating 
twenty-seven new houses of worship 
on mission fields and adding 2,500 
new members to missionary 
churches. This has been done with 
missionaries paid promptly and no 
debt, although to keep this pledge a 
small reserve fund was drawn upon 
last year. With a new apportion- 
ment plan, and with the growing 
zeal for evangelism it is hoped that 
Wisconsin will be able to put not 
only the $15,000 a year which has 
been the average for the past five 
years, but $16,000 to $20,000 a year 

into the state needs, while fulfilling 
its mottos, "Forward" and " Self- 
Support and More." 

For the first three years of self- 
support a nominal sum as a token of 
our spirit and purpose, was annually 
voted and sent to the national treas- 
ury. It is the hope and aim to 
bring about such a condition of 
things that Wisconsin may be able 
to share largely in bearing the 
burdens for other frontiers and also 
to relieve the National Society of 
the care of her own. 


A young pastor fresh from New 
England, serving upon councils for 
the organization of churches upon 
two successive days, stated that he 
had been familiar with churches 250 
years old but that he had never 
before shared in the organization of 
a new church. He was particularly 
enthusiastic over the substantial 
character of the members, most of 
them adults, particularly in view of 
the fact that the Island Lake settle- 
ment where these churches were 
situated, had grown up in about four 
years and the churches themselves 
had been developed in six months. 
This and several other new points 
are ministered to by a young mis- 
sionary who five years ago was 
tempted to end his life in the bay 
but was saved through the music of 
the Lake Superior Mission. After 
serving as a " lumber jack " preacher 
riding his pony from camp to camp 
for the purpose, he is seeking to 
redeem lost time by studying at the 
Ashland Academy during part of 
the week and on Sundays, often in 
winter, walking eleven miles on 
snow shoes to tell the old story to 
the settlers, who otherwise would be 
without ministry. 

"Glad Tidings" 

This is the name of the gospel 
wagon secured without direct solic- 
itation, through special gifts of 
friends by Miss Florence E. Brown 



our missionary at Pittsville. Miss 
Brown was injured when a girl and 
has ever since been unable to use 
her lower limbs. She occupies a 
wheel chair from which she preaches 
and in which, rolled into the gospel 
wagon, she is transported with her 
assistant, Miss Hattie Harlow, and 
others, for service in the neighbor- 
ing needy regions. From July to 
February Miss Brown preached 
twice each Sabbath, travelling five 
miles between the services besides 

teaching in each of the two Sunday 

A German-American pastor from 
an eastern city, testifies that he 
never found such joy and fruit as in 
preaching in German to one church 
and in English to another, back in 
the woods ten miles from the rail- 
road. The commonwealth and the 
kingdom are built out of every 
nation and class and the things that 
are impossible with men are possible 
with God. 



A Story of the Frontier 
By Sarah S. Pratt 

THE Reverend John Lawrence 
sat at his study table leaning 
on his elbow, his usually busy 
pen held idly between his fingers. 
He gazed far over the plains, a 
trancelike expression in his thought- 
ful eyes; he believed that the time 
was coming when those plains would 
be peopled, and with the hope- 
fulness which made his missionary 
life beautiful, he seemed to see the 
Church leading, inspiring and minis- 
tering to those people. Already he 
had visions of a school wherein his 
own wife should be the ruling spirit ; 
visions of a hospital, a guild house 
and clubrooms, where these savages 
might grow less savage. Even the 
fact that thus far only one poor 
little wooden church building was to 

be found in many miles did not in 
the least interfere with his dreams. 

How long he might have dreamed 
no one knows, but he was recalled 
by a delicious voice calling in to him : 

"I am 22 inches around the waist, 
John, and my skirt length is 43. 
You know you asked me yesterday." 

"Sure enough," he answered with 
a little start, taking up the tapeline 
which lay conspicuously on his desk. 
"I must get that letter off to-day; 
but I'd better measure you myself. 
You probably measured with a 
string. That's the feminine way I 

His wife came in, feather duster 
in hand, and as he drew the line 
about her waist, he dropped a kiss 
upon her forehead. 

I 24 


"1 hope they will send you some- 
thing pretty." Mrs Lawrence burst 
into laughter. 

"The idea of anything pretty in a 
missionary box, John! Who ever 
heard of it? It's against the nature 
of things. Perhaps it is wicked, but I 
have sometimes thought that they 
made them as ugly as possible. Do 
you remember the snuff-colored 
dressing jacket with the black 

"Wasn't that pretty?" he queried. 
"I always thought it was very ele- 
gant, except when the fringe dipped 
in the coffee." 

"You dear dreamer! You don't 
know what is pretty. You don't see 
anything but your beloved Sunday 
school and night classes and sick 
people. A rheumatic old Indian 
woman is beautiful to you if" 

"If she is a Christian! Yes I 
admit it," he said, gently; "all of 
God's creatures are beautiful to me, 
and one of them most beautiful," 
and again he gave her a loving 
caress and resumed his work. 

"Sheets, pillow cases, street suit 
for my wife, clerical suit for self, 
overcoat — I hate to ask for that, but 
it is such a necessity in this bleak 

He read once again the friendly 
letter, in which he had been urged 
to make known all his needs, assur- 
ing him that they would be supplied, 
so far as possible, by a branch of the 
Woman's Auxiliary. 

These boxes, which had so irked 
the pride of many a missionary, 
never offended John Lawrence. He 
gave little thought to self. His 
Divine Master had lived on alms, 
and his own horizon was too rich, too 
broad, for any petty egotism to 
create even a speck upon it ; but he 
sometimes reflected with regret, his 
wife keenly disliked this phase of 
missionary life. He could not for- 
get, at times, that he had taken her 
from a luxurious home; but had he 
not given her a greater opportunity 
to do God's work and was she not 

doing it sweetly and uncomplaining- 
ly? He would try to believe that 
she did not care. 

In the meantime, Mrs. Lawrence 
was dusting the sitting room, and 
she had come to a standstill before a 
little ivory miniature of herself, the 
price of which would almost have 
paid for everything in their modest 
home. It was made ten years be- 
fore, when she had just finished 
school and was archly charming in 
that dainty gown. How becoming 
it was, and how much he had admir- 
ed her in it! 

"Alice, is there anything else. you 
want? We are to mention every- 
thing we need, and they will supply 
us as far as possible." 

"Yes," she called a little sarcasti- 
cally, "please tell them I need very 
much a pale blue cashmere gown;" 
and then she smiled at the absurdity 
of such a request from a missionary's 
wife. "Imagine the consternation 
that would create," she thought, "if 
he really would ask for such a 

She replaced the miniature with a 
sigh. Was it a crime to love pretty 
things? And would she ever have 
any again? Her trousseau was long 
ago exhausted, and now she lived 
and moved and had her being in 
black things and brown things, and 
all things that wouldn't show dirt. 
Oh, dear! but — blessed afterthought! 
— wouldn't she rather be the wife of 
John Lawrence, in black brillian- 
tines and brown serges, than any- 
body else in the world? 

The president of St. Mary's Aux- 
iliary was rapping loudly for order. 
She was reading a letter saying that 
the Rev. John Lawrence would be 
deeply grateful for a suit, an over- 
coat, etc. It was when she came to 
the overcoat when the confusion 
arose; for one lady had a practically 
new overcoat which her present 
coachman, being stout, could not 
wear. It was exactly the Rev. Mr. 
Lawrence's size, but being a surtout, 
she questioned whether it would be 



the correct thing for clerical wear. 
The entire auxiliary set itself to 
argue this point, when the president 
stopped them. 

"Ladies we can discuss this matter 
later. Let me finish reading this 
letter. Where was I? 'Sheets, pil- 
low cases, table linen, and' — what is 
this? — 'a pale blue cashmere gown'!" 

A pale blue cashmere gown! Had 
she asked for an automobile coat the 
request could not have produced 
more surprise. There was a deep 
silence. Even the president found 
nothing to say for some time. 

"A little unusual." she finally said. 

"Well I never had a pale blue 
cashmere gown in my life," gasped 
some one. 

"Pale blue! So perishable!" said 
another, feebly. 

"And cashmere! So out of style!" 
a third added. 

"She must be some poor little 
country soul," the secretary said. 

"Well whoever she is, she ought 
to be reprimanded. The idea of 
such worldliness in a missionary's 

"He should have known better 
than to have asked for it!" 

"The idea of our money going for 
a pale blue cashmere gown!" 

So the comments went around, 
till everybody had had her say ; some 
of them had had two or three "says," 
and they were seemingly gasping 
for breath to say something even 
more severe, when a bombshell fell 
in their midst: 

"Why shouldn't she have a pale 
blue cashmere gown? She is prob- 
ably a young woman, and maybe 
has not a single pretty thing! Oh, 
gracious!" and the speaker grew so 
energetic that she arose and stood 
facing them, her face rosy with 
excitement. "I have helped with 
box after box in this society, and 
never have I seen a really pretty 
thing go into one of them! They 
are so deadly practical. How it will 
wear, how it will wash, whether it 
-will show dirt — I sympathize with 

this woman away out there among 
those Indians, dependent on us hard 
hearted things for the little she 
\\ ants. God knows," she added, even 
more earnestly, "where they get the 
grace to sustain them in their 
work? As tor this gown" — her voice 
trembled a little — "let us give it to 
her. Cashmere is cheap, and just 
imagine her pleasure; and do you 
know I think a pretty gown would 
have a cheerful effect on both 
herself and her husband. Perhaps 
it might even convert a few more 
Indians!" She sat down, a little 
embarrassed by the feeling she had 

"We might make her a mother 
hubbard, if you are so bent on it," 
some one said, doubtfully. "Made 
up plainly, it would not cost much." 

"But it musn't be a mother hub- 
bard. I wouldn't doom even a 
woman living among the Indians to 
that! If we send it at all, let it be 
pretty. Let us put our hearts into 
it and make it a beautiful surprise 
for her. She will probably expect 
something ugly, if she expects it at 

"I don't know why we should dis- 
criminate this way in favor of Mrs. 
John Lawrence. We have never 
done it before." A severe voice 
threw a damper on the proceedings. 

"Mrs. John Lawrence," echoed 
another; "pray let me see that let- 
ter. Mrs. John Lawrence was an 
honor student in my class at college 
in 1890, and I believe I am safe in 
saying that there is no one here who 
could surpass her in either intellect 
or beauty. I remember now that 
she married a missionary enthusiast 
and went out to those wilds cheer- 
fully." The speaker crossed the room 
rapidly and approached the advocate 
of the blue gown. 

"I will gladly help you with the 
gown, and we will make it as beauti- 
ful as a dream." 

How quickly the idea became in- 
fectious! Everybody offered to do 
something or to give something. It 



was almost as delightful as dressing 
a doll! 

St. Mary's Auxiliary had turned 
out many a box, but never had any- 
thing aroused such interest as this 
new bit of work. It became a fad; 
with its silken linings, its dainty 
frills of lace, its "fagotting" and 
exquisite accessories, the beautiful 
Empire gown lay complete. The 
Auxiliary women who were packing 
the box stopped frequently to admire 
and almost caress it. 

"I hate to see it go," said the sec- 

"It has done us more good than 
anything we ever did. What a love- 
ly idea it was!" the treasurer said. 
'T don't begrudge the money at all." 

"Let me fasten this in." Some 
one bent over the gown and tacked 
in a little sachet of violet. 

"And I must slip this handker- 
chief into its bosom;" another deftly 
tucked an embroidered kerchief into 
its folds. 

"I have written this note to my 
dear old friend, and have told her 
what a pleasure this has been;" and 
the note, too, was pinned to the blue 
gown. And so, with little final ad- 
justments, and pats of admiration, 
the blue gown, soft and rustling and 
enveloped in white tissue paper, was 
put into its individual box, and ship- 
ped away, with more practical 
things, to the land of the Indians 
and the plains. 

Mrs. Lawrence came home some- 
what discouraged from her sewing 
school one afternoon, to find her 
house in great disorder. Everything 
was covered with clothes, it seemed. 
The box had come, and her husband 
had lost no time in opening it. The 

street suit for which she had asked 
confronted her from the bookcase ; 
dark, neat and serviceable. She 
examined it with enthusiasm. ' 'They 
were so good, weren't they, John?" 

"Good! My dear, the Auxiliary is 
always good. Now, don't say any- 
thing about your brown sack with 
the black fringe! The Auxiliary — 
well, you know what I think of it! 
See! They have sent us everything, 
even to the last thing on the list — 
your blue cashmere gown!" He 
handed her the box. 

"My pale blue cashmere gown! 
John Lawrence! You didn't really 
write that, did you? Oh, what must 
they have thought?" She sank into 
a chair pale and distressed. 

"I think the dress tells what they 
thought." He lifted the delicate 
garment as if it were a baby. 

"Silk! Lace! Perfume! A train' 
John, I can't believe it is mine! 
And I can't help crying! I didn't 
mean it. I said it in a half joking, 
half cynical way, never thinking you 
would ask for it, I wouldn't have 
dared ask for it, and see how they 
have repaid me for my unfaith! 
Everything is so beautiful, so dainty ! 
There's so much love in it, John! 
That's what touches me. It means 
the love of women who saw in me 
only a servant of God. When you 
write, tell them thismeans more tome 
than anything that ever happened." 

Late that night she sat with her 
old friend's note. She had written a 
long, heart-full letter. She turned 
to her husband with moist eyes: 

"I don't believe I ever told you 
before, John ; but it is very sweet to 
be a missionary's wife !" — The Living 
C J lurch. 




To the Secretary and Directors of the State Home Missy Society. 

Dear Brethren : With the keenest sense of our responsibility 
to those who placed us in office, and fully appreciating the con- 
ditions which must of necessity render the year's work most try- 
ing and difficulty we venture to call your attention to the action 
of the last annual meeting subsequent to its adoption of the report 
of the committee of five : 

" This meeting expresses its appreciation of the difficulties under 
-which the executive committee and officials of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society have labored during, the past year, and under which 
they must of necessity labor during the present year, as they prosecute 
their work. We therefore commend the society to the churches, urging 
that they rally enthusiastically to the support of the society and its 
officers, alike by prayers and the practical sympathy of enlarged gifts." 

We do not ivish to turn over to the new management a society 
with depleted resources and handicapped by heavy debt, and 
believing that you, with us, recognize the perils of the present 
crisis and the fact that the churches are now looking to you as 
never before for that cordial and generous support which shall 
insure future prosperity and efficiency, we confidently appeal for 
your hearty co-operation in our proposed effort to reduce the debt 
and to maintain the income of the society at the highest possible 
point. We are certain that these desirable results cannot be 
secured without your sympathy and help ; may we not hope that 
the year will be marked by an unusual fellowship in plans and 
efforts and by a success unprecedented in the society's history f 
Any suggestions or assistance you can give us in formulating 
plans for the more effective presentation of our work to churches 
and individuals and for raising the money urgently needed will 
be most cordially welcomed. 

We pledge you our earnest co-operation in your work. We 
ask only that you will help us to complete ours with honor to the 
society and advantage to the common cause. Fraternally yours, 
For the executive committee of the National Society, 

New York, fune jy. LIVINGSTON L. TAYLOR, Secretary 





Another Frontier. 

THAT was a fine article in the 
March Home Missionary by- 
Secretary Warren on "The 
Northern Frontier of Michigan," 
and the editorial in the same num- 
ber on "The Frontier and Front- 
iers," strikes a clear and supremely 
important note in the current his- 
tory of Home Missions. We are 
thoroughly glad for this series of 
articles on the many existing front- 
iers of our country where spiritual 
destitution appeals to the Christian 
worker as piteously and insistently 
as at any time since home mission- 
ary work began. 

The feeling that our frontier is a 
thing of the past, that the urgency 
and the vital necessity that backed 
up the home missionary appeals of a 
generation ago no longer exist, is 
abroad ; it is to be found very widely 
in the North and that impression 
explains in part why our contribu- 
tions to home land missions have 
fallen off in these days of abundant 
prosperity, and why our missionary 
treasuries are burdened with shame- 
ful and paralyzing debts in a time of 
unparalled and material commercial 
expansion. Just at this time, when 
our missionaries ought to be fully 
equipped for their important labors, 
the munitions of war are cut off and 
multitudes of needy and pitifully 
destitute regions must be left with- 
out gospel privileges and some of 
the most vital, formative and 
promising phases of Christian work 
disgracefully ignored. 

We rejoice therefore that The 
Home Missionary is turning on the 
light showing us the situation. I 
trust it will add Nebraska to the 
states that still have neglected and 

needy frontiers. Broadly speaking' 
the western half of that state is 
devoted to cattle raising and the 
conditions are such that it must for 
a long time remain a veritable front- 
ier. And a most interesting and 
unique Nebraska frontier is our 
Sand Hill country, comprising the 
central region of the western half of 
the state and extending over an 
area of 1 6,000 square miles. It is 
rich and splendid grazing country 
but must always remain grazing 
land. It is and must be thinly 
settled, with small towns far apart, 
the land of long and lonely drives, 
over dim and uncertain paths, a 
difficult region to reach with Christ- 
ian privileges; whole counties with 
but a single church and that. some- 
times pastorless; young people grow- 
ing to maturity with no knowledge 
of church or Sunday school and with 
no memory of ever hearing a ser- 
mon. Fathers and more often 
mothers, who left the old home and 
church for this region years ago and 
whose children have grown up un- 
taught in the Word, welcome the 
missionary with tears of joy. Such 
conditions exist in many sections of 
our land and we in Nebraska hope 
to see our unique frontier given a 
place among those to be illustrative- 
ly presented in our splendid Home 

LA \ Jp * /^Osfa^*-, 

Aurora, Nebraska. 

In the Beginning. 

It is a great privilege to have 
something to do with the beginnings 
of good things. It is a pleasure to 
recall the early days of a successful 



enterprise and be able to say : " All 
of which I saw and part of which I 
was." But there are some draw- 
backs, and they come from those 
who underrate the past in exalting 
the present. They forget that most 
things must have small beginnings. 
We all rejoice in the large growth of 
good things, but the larger the 
growth the more should the small 
beginnings be remembered. 

I visited a city where I had been 
pastor of the First church in its 
infancy. I took up a paper which 
spoke highly of the pastor who 
succeeded me. That was all right. 
He deserved the good things said of 
him. But it went on to tell how, 
when he took charge of the church, 
it was weak and was worshiping in a 
barn like building on a side street. 
Then I remembered how our 
enthusiastic church of nearly two 
hundred members was about the 
strongest of our order in the state 
when that "barn" was built. That 
wooden building, though not as nice 
as the present stone edifice, and 
costing only one-twelfth as much, 
seemed to us a fine building and it 
was well filled from the start. We 
greatly appreciated it after worship- 
ing several years in hired halls. It 
was a glorious day for us when we 
dedicated it free of debt, and that 
without help from the Building 
Society. We could have had a much 
more showy and ornamental build- 
ing by putting a good-sized mort- 
gage upon it, but our plain people 
did not believe in such ornaments. 
We could also have made a much 
prettier church by making it smaller, 
but we wanted room for the growth 
which we knew was coming, and 
which did come. We who helped to 
pay for that first building remem- 
ber it with pleasure and we do not 
like to hear it disparaged. 

In another city I was talking with 
a good brother who came to the 
state some years after I came. We 
were rejoicing in the growth of one 
of our churches, now very strong 

and worshiping in a fine large stone 

"Why," said he, "when I came 
line that church was worshiping in 
a little old dilapidated out-of-the- 

" Hold on now," I said with a 
laugh, "I raised the money for that 
first building and I got it from all 
over the country." 

"Well," said he, "it was a small 
frame building." 

" Yes," I replied, "it was, but it 
was that or death for the church at 
that time. It was distinctly under- 
stood that the future must build the 
larger church that was needed. 
That little company of a dozen 
members or so was very happy in its 
little frame edifice, as much so 
doubtless as when, later on, its 
growing congregation moved into 
its spacious temple of hewn stone." 

The corner stone of the first col- 
lege building on a western campus 
was being laid. The far-seeing 
president had outlined a series of 
fine buildings to be erected in the 
future. One speaker said: "I 
would rather be here to-day than to 
be present sometime next century 
or century after next, when the cap- 
stone of the last building is put in 
place with shoutings of grace, 
grace, unto it. It is a greater 

The people present on such final 
occasions are to us imaginary be- 
ings, unborn as yet, with no name 
or historical standing. To them we, 
though dead, will be real persons, 
having names and living in history. 
We see the actual beginning. They, 
and we too, perhaps, from the skies, 
will see the consummation. By 
faith and imagination we enjoy what 
is to come without knowing the de- 
tails. They will know it in a dry 
historical way. If it is more blessed 
to give than to receive then it is 
better to have others enter into our 
labors than it is to enter into theirs. 

Many a noble church and college 
exists to-day because of a humble 



beginning, and that beginning 
should not be ignored or disparaged. 
Many a weak church and college, 
which in coming years and centuries 
will be strong and independent, is 
struggling to-day for its very life. 
Blessed be those 'agencies and 
agents, like the Home Missionary 
Society and those who work through 
it, that are busy in helping good 
enterprises in their weak begin- 
nings ; Blessed are those whose 

privilege it is to lay foundations and 
work "in the beginning," as God 
once did ! And blessed are the 
churches and colleges which, when 
they become strong, do not ignore 
or disparage their small beginnings 
or their self-sacrificing beginners ! 

Denver, Colo. 


GOING up the Chicago river on a steam- 
boat, I was surprised at the immense 
quantities of cedar, cedar blocks, 
cedar posts and cedar telegraph poles. I 
said to myself the cedar must be about all 
cut, but some two weeks later as I went 
through Northern Michigan I saw such a 
wealth of cedar, that I said it will take 
some time to use it all. So when the 
traveler starts from Boston for a trans-con- 
tinental trip, he passes large cities with 
beautiful villages between and fine farms 
between the villages. He arrives at Albany 
and soon finds himself gliding through the 
lovely Mohawk valley, past rapidly growing 
centres of manufacture— and wakes up in 
Buffalo and listens to the roaring loom of 
time driven by the mighty cataract, on 
past Dunkirk, Erie and other towns, inter- 
spersed with vineyards; Cleveland, Toledo, 
Elkhart and then Chicago and so on to 
Denver and the coast. From Seattle down 
to Los Angeles he rides, people every 
where, and he naturally says there is no 
frontier and that is why I have chosen 
the above title. So many people think 
we have no more frontier. Never was 
a greater mistake! It would be nearer the 
truth to say we have more frontiers than 
ever. It is true that the oldest of the 
frontiers are gone. Those frontiers where 
the settler had to fight the Indian while 
felling the forests ; the old frontiers were 
desperate places for the missionary to force 
his way often in danger of his life by 
wicked men. They faithfully traveled their 
circuits some of which took a year to cover. 
Those were the days of the camp meeting. 
The farmers with their families coming for 
miles around, taking with them stoves, 
straw ticks, chairs and tables, the stone 
altars stood in openings of the woods, 
preaching going on at several points, one 
preacher following another all through the 
day ; at night the altar fires blazed forth, 
making a scene that would have sent 
Rembrandt into ecstacies. On the out- 

skirts in deepest shadow were the ruffians 
who often fired to break the meeting up, 
but there were many who came for that 
purpose who heard the voice of the Lord 
God in the cool of the day ; strange scenes 
were enacted. Men had the jerks, women 
fell by the score and shouts of glory filled 
the aisles of the dim woods. These fron- 
tiers have had their day. There were some 
frontiers, that were settled by God-fearing 
men and women with their families, such 
as McMaster speaks of, when Haverhill saw 
some seventy three wagon loads pass 
through the streets accompanied by their 
minister on their way to Indiana, or that 
other company still more picturesque which 
started from Colebrook, N. H., carrying 
the model of their church. One thinks as 
he reads of these people starting for Beloit, 
Wisconsin, of the ark drawn by the milch 
cows which left their calves behind but 
went lowing on their way toward Bethshe- 
mish, turning neither to the risyht nor the 
left. The day is past for frontiers of this 
type. Yet we have many real frontiers left, 
one of which I lately visited and will de- 

I left Des Moines in October and after 
speaking in Minneapolis awoke in the morn- 
ing at Duluth. Starting soon after break- 
fast I began my journey to Crookstone 
where I was to speak that evening. On my 
way I passed a town that was within 
seventy-five miles of the place I wished to 
visit. Starting from Crookstone at 3 a. m. 
I had seven hours riding to Winnepeg. At 
5 a. m. I saw five steam threshers at work. 
It snowed heavily the day before and the 
stalks of wheat were in some cases covered. 
The train left Winnepeg fifteen minutes 
late, the cause being three car loads of 
"lumber jacks" were going with us. 
Lumber jacks are not as some suppose a 
kind of machine but men, dressed in the 
style of a regular woodman, shoe packs, 
heavy flannel shirts, sombrero hats, besides 
which they wore a dare devil look. They 


had liquor enough on 
board to stock a saloon, 
all of which was drank 
by night, and then still 
thirsty they emptied the 
water tanks. It began to 
feel like frontier work 
for certain. I had left 
hundreds of land seekers 
behind; now we were 
going through new 
country. The snow 
I ame down again and 
down the long vista of 
the forest road could be 

seen a man with hoi 
and short sleigh called 
a juniper. After travel- 
ing about two hundred 
miles eastward I found 
your home missionary, 
a genuine pioneer and 
the son of pioneers. It 
was dark now and we 
had to step softly down 
a steep bank, slippery 
with ice and snow and 
were then paddled a< ro 
Rainy river in a canoe. 
International Falls fur- 







nished ^Here your home mis- 
sionary preaches in the largest saloon in 
town, kept by a man whose wife runs the 
temperance hotel, where we stayed in what 
Carlyle would call a sort of heaven and 
hell amalgamation Co. This field was a 
hundred miles of frontier, dense forests in 
much of it, his home some thirty or forty 
miles from where he met me. The parson- 
age, a square log house, an excellent picture 
of which may be found in the September 
Home Missionary of 1904, also the saloon 
chapel and the Sunday school at Indus. 
When I asked him if he kept a horse he 
smiled and said " I could not keep one if I 
had one. and I could not use one, even if I 
could keep one. Why ? I have only nine 
miles of road, the rest is trail. In summer 
I can use the river but in winter it is tramp, 
tramp. Yes, tramps, of many miles with the 
thermometer at 60 below zero and more." 
His post office in Canada, his people settlers 
from everywhere, and this is one frontier 
only in one state, which has a few more to 
show. I have a letter from a man in 
another state, an Oberlin scholar, who with 
his wife are the only English speaking 
people in the county, a whole county of 
frontiers. Another letter from New 
Mexico: "We are twenty miles from the 
railway and thirty from a town with a 
church, twenty miles away a Lutheran 
preacher preaches once a month in German. 
If we could hear a sermon once or twice a 
year it would be a great blessing. I teach 
a few children on Sunday, but I cannot get 
many as the people are afraid of any one 
troubled with lung disease. It seems "to me 
a circuit could be made of these isolated 
places, but I do not know that this would 
be practical, but thought I would let you 
•know. " Here are voices crying in the wil- 
derness that the church ought to listen to 
and they voice the needs of many more ; and 
now a word about some new frontiers. For 
many years from seventy to eighty thous- 
and were pouring into Michigan and as 
many more into Texas and the Northwest, 
but these were driblets compared with the 

newest frontiers with nearly a million a year 
settling largely in Pennsylvania, New York, 
Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachu- 
setts. From the East river up to Broadway 
one may pass all the frontiers of Europe, 
China and Japan. Changes going on con- 
tinually. The French Canadian from the 
North adding a large quota, but now the 
Polak is ousting the Canadian. As a rule 
in the city the boundaries are as clear cut as 
the banks of the Gulf Stream. Some time 
since we read in The Home Missionary of 
a woman who came to the kindergarten with 
her child but was perplexed because she 
could not understand the people. "What 
language are they speaking ? " " English." 
" The language of the Country." Actually 
she had been studying German for two 
years thinking it was the language of 
America. Great changes are going on 
within fifty miles of Springfield. Places 
where twenty years ago they were solidly 
American, to-day are being filled by Polaks. 
In fact I am told that syndicates have been 
formed to have at least some land left for 
the children of the Pilgrim. Here then is 
the churches' opportunity. We have been 
praying for an open door and here it is wide 
open and instead of being glad, "We cry 
out, oh Lord the heathen have come into our 
inheritance." If we are really in earnest 
about converting Europe, here is the very 
chance. Instead of a few missionaries 
scattered among the millions of Europe here 
are some thousands of Europeans brought 
into contact with millions of Christians. 
Shall we improve the opportunity ? One 
thing is certain we must lift them or be 
lowered by them. 

This great mass of people of all nations 
must greatly change the conditions of 
eastern American life and it is for Christian 
Americans to change it for the better. 

South Framingham, Mass. 



IN company with Mr 
Harry Wade Hicks, 
of the American Board, it was 
my privilege to visit some of our 
Congregational churches in Ne- 
braska. The tour was of absorbing 
interest. We saw the fruitage of 
home mission endeavor. We found 
churches possessing spiritual life 
and vigor. 


Conferences in the interests of 
home and foreign missions were 
held at Seward, York, Hastings, 
Crete, Omaha, Fremont and Lin- 
coln. At each point the courtesy 
and cordiality and kindness of 
pastors and people were marked. 
The highest welfare of our mission- 
ary societies seemed to be of as 
vital interest to these newer western 
churches as to the older churches of 
the East. 


Young people were especially re- 
ceptive of suggestions. At several 
points the conferences bore immedi- 
ate fruitage. Literature was pur- 
chased by members of missionary 
committees. Plans were made for 
the forming of mission study classes. 
Workers expressed their purpose to 
reorganize the forces of the local 
churches. Some seemed eager to 
make their missionary meetings a 
more positive, consequential force. 

There were indirect results also. 
At the afternoon session at Lincoln, 
one young woman, a student at the 
State University, resolved to live a 
Christian life. 


The kindness and thoughtfulness 
of the Christian young people of the 
West was shown by the helpfulness 
of two young university students who 
attended the Lincoln conference. 
After the afternoon session they 


asked if they might go 
with me to the railway 
station. They went with me to my 
room at the hotel, took both of my 
bags, and insisted on carrying them 
to the depot. 

At the station we found the bag- 
gage room closed, and in conse- 
quence an important piece of bag- 
gage, to be transferred to another 
depot, could not be re-checked. 
One of the young men cheerfully 
started out to find the baggage-mas- 
ter. He spent nearly an hour before 
he finished his voluntary task. These 
young men could not be induced to 
depart until they had done every- 
thing within their power for the con- 
venience and comfort of their new 
friend. Their courtesy is a pleasant 

An urgent and important problem 
for the churches of Nebraska to 
solve, is, How shall men be reached? 
This problem, in fact, is one of the 
most pressing in all our churches, 
East and West. A pastor of one 
Nebraska church said that he had 
but one young man in his member- 
ship upon whom he could rely for 
help. Large numbers of young men, 
though affilliated with the churches, 
are not engaged in active Christian 
service. Pastors and members of 
Nebraska churches have resolved to 
deal with this difficulty in a thorough 
way. Last summer a conference 
for laymen was held, at which 
laymen considered how lay work- 
ers may he enlisted for all the enter- 
prises of the church. Such confer- 
ences may well be multiplied. To a 
large extent the strong laymen of 
the Congregational churches are an 
unutilized force. They must be 
called out into the thick of the fight. 
They must be given larger tasks. 

J 34 


They must be urged to 
more heroic service. 

I returned from this 
tour impressed with the 
fact that heavier and more 
definite responsibilities 
ought to be placed on the 
men of the Congregational 


During the past summer 
the College Young Men's 
Christian Association con- 
ferences have given un- 
usual attention to the 
consideration of leading 
ing home mission problems. I never 
met a finer company of college men 
than those assembled at the Central 
Western Conference, held at Lake- 
side, Ohio. Five sessions of one 
hour each were given to the discus- 
sion of such timely and important 
topics as, ' ' The Problem of the City , " 
"The Problem of the Country," 
"The Problem of the Foreigner," 
and "The College Man and the 
Solution of these Problems. " A deep, 
enthusiastic interest was taken in all 
the sessions, which were attended by 
fully seventy per cent of all the 
registered delegates. Questions ask- 
ed during the class hours and in pri- 
vate interviews, revealed a personal 
and practical interest in the grave 


problems before the Protestant 
churches of America. 
The secretary of the college de- 
partment of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association who was responsi- 
ble for the direction of the details of 
the conference at Lakeside, was Mr. 
C. W. Gilkey. The genial and high- 
ly efficient manner in which Mr. 
Gilkey did his work, diffused a happy 
spirit among the delegates, and made 
the conference notable for its tem- 
per and effectiveness. 
Contributions were made by the 
delegates themselves toward the help- 
fulness of the closing session. Among 
the questions that came up for 
consideration, was: "Why 
should Home Missions as 
well as Foreign Missions, 
be studied in College 
Young Men's Christian 
Associations?" In answer 
to this, Mr. W. H. Fowle 
said : 


The object of the study of 
missions in general is to afford 
as wide and comprehensive a 
view of Christ's Kingdom on 
earth as possible. To confine 
this study to foreign missions 
is to leave out a very large 
and important phase of mis- 
sionary activity, and thus to 
fail in the object aimed at. In 
omitting the home work, there 
is danger that students may be 
influenced to make a wrong 


l 35 

decision as to their life work, that some 
who are really called to home mission 
work, may through ignorance of this field, 
fail to discover their proper sphere. 

On the same topic Mr. Claude E. 
Boyer remarked : 

i. The study of Home Missions in our 
sch< >< 'Is and colleges would give us a broader 
conception of the world field. Unequal 
emphasis upon the study of foreign mis- 
sions, causes our vision or the foreign field 
to become narrowed and one-sided. We fail 
to realize that we are to be witnesses " both 
in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria 
and in the uttermost parts of the earth." 
We need to keep our vision foursquare, so 
as to realize the fullness and completeness 
of Christ and His Mission. 

2. The problems involved on our home 
mission fields are no longer problems only 
of evangelization of our home country and 

its peoples. The questions facing many 
of our eastern states are purely questions 
of the foreigner. Such a large part of our 
population are foreigners, that foreign 
missions at home are an imperative neces- 

The home mission problem is not only a 
religious problem but involves questions 
of education, immigration and sociologv. 
I came away from this conference 
more deeply impressed than ever 
with the cleverness, the strength and 
the high efficiency of the college 
department of the Young Men's 
Christian Association. It not only 
has conspicuously competent leader- 
ship in Mr. John R. Mott, but it has 
in his associates men who are 
masterful. d. o. s. 




SIX hundred and three happy 
delegates shared in the de- 
lights and benefits of the third 
annual conference of the Young 
People's Missionary Movement at 
Silver Bay, Lake George, in July. 
The programme, planned in the 
interest of both home and foreign 
missions, contained strong features. 

In vigorous platform addresses, 
were presented topics of vital 
interest. The pressing needs of 
America and of foreign nations were 
graphically and forcefully por- 
trayed. Methods of arousing interest 
in local churches were considered 
in conferences marked by snap and 



The presence throughout of the 
Rev. Dr. John F. Goucher, president 
of the Woman's College, Baltimore, 
contributed appreciably to the cheer 
and profitableness of the assembly.' 
His genial, companionable nature 
and his masterly way of treating 
every topic he dealt with, made his 
counsel and addresses invaluable. 

In a capital address on "Mission 
Study," Dr. T. H. P. Sailer, made 
these points, among others: 

1. Mission study deals with living issues. 
Such study is intensely interesting. 

2. Mission study is hard study. Study 
stands for (1) the intelligence that comes 
from a broad, connected view of things ; (2) 
the intensity that comes from focusing; (3) 
the permanence that comes from repeated 
impressions ; and (4) for training — for train- 
ing that qualifies one to do something for 
somebody else. 

3. Three things are needed in our mis- 
sion study class work: Self-activity, intelli- 
gent thought, more time. 

4. Mission study is an intellectual stimulus. 


Nearly 150 young people were 
present each clay at the Home Mis- 
sion study class. The class was 
alert, interested, resourceful, and 
faithfully responsive to assignments 
of work. The text-book used was 
" Heroes of the Cross in America." 
Fully seventy members of the class 
expect to teach the book next fall in 
their home churches. At one session 
members gave what they considered 
leading reasons for the study of 
Home Missions. Some of them follow : 

1. Because such study promotes an in- 
telligent patriotism. 

2. Because so little, comparatively, is 
known about home mission work. 

3. Because the history of our American 
civilization is largely the history of Home 

4. Because our ability to further the in- 
terest of foreign missions will increase 
with the evangelization and Christianiza- 
tion of America. 

5. Because home mission work promotes 
the safety of the nation. 

6. Because home mission study involves 
the study of present-day problems. 

7. Because the strong churches of the 
country need the inspiration that comes 
from a knowledge of the needs of weaker 
churches and of unmet opportunities. 

8. Because a knowledge of home mis- 
sions is essential to a liberal education. 

9. Because such knowledge leads to 
sympathetic action. 

10. Because it will strengthen our faith. 

The foregoing excellent hints will 
prove useful to young men and 
women who may be called on in the 
autumn to speak on "The Value 
of Home Mission Stud v." 

The Rev. Dr. Charles L. Thomp- 
son, Secretary of the Presbyterian 
Board of Home Missions, made a 
vigorous, stirring, quickening ad- 
dress on "Problems, Motives and 
Methods in Home Missions." His 
points, driven home in graphic lan- 
guage, were in part : 

1. The Problems, r. The Thought 
Problem. It is our religious thinking that 
must be the basis of all our religious 

2. The race problem. (1). The black race 
problem is more serious than it has ever 
been since the Civil War. (2). There is a 
duty toward the red man and the yellow 
race that must not be ignored. 

3. The class problem. (1). Immigrants. 
(2). Laboring men. They are not in our 
churches except in very small numbers. 
We must get on terms with them or there 
is trouble ahead. 

11. The Motives. t. The command, 
that imperative monosyllable that has gone 
to the heart like lightning, Go. 

2. The value of an Immortal Soul. 

3. The Kingdom. It stands related to 
these souls who are to be brought into 
Christian churches. 

The Rev. H. B. Grose, Editorial 
Secretary of the Baptist Home Mis- 
sionary Society, also made a forceful, 
impressive address on home missions. 
Mr. Grose set forth concretely home 
mission work so that his hearers 
could not fail to see their relation to 

He said his missionary platform was 
illustrated in electric light at Baltimore, 
where on the wall each evening appeared 
first the shield of the city, then that of 
.Maryland, followed by the C. E.. "for 
Christ and the Church," and last. •'The 
World for Christ." The spirit of Christ- 
ianity is all-inclusive, forgetting neither 
the near nor the far. 

Mr. Grose alluded to the peculiarity of 
the Silver Bav audience, in that it stood 


for a note-book, and every speaker had to 
ask himself what he could contribute. He 
hoped to contribute an illustration and a 
thought. The thought was, Be a Mission- 
ary at home. This was possible to every 
Christian who, like Father Dyer, would see 
in every opportunity an obligation, and see 
every opportunity. 

Before adding to this thought, he wanted 
to introduce to their note-book a remarkable 
character — White Arm, a Crow Indian 
Chief. He told most effectively the story 
of the progress of White Arm from pagan- 
ism to Christianity, resulting in his trans- 
formation. The graphic picture of the 
saving power of the gospel made a deep 

The speaker then pointed the thought 
first given. Be a Missionary. Begin with 
your near neighbor. Is there a foreigner 
in your vicinity? Make his acquaintance, 
show a human interest in him, and you will 
be surprised at his responsiveness. Don't 
preach to the people about their lack of in- 
terest in missions, but inspire them by your 
own enthusiasm and spirit. Fill up with 
fresh and interesting facts from the home 
mission magazines, and inject the fresh 
items into the prayer meetings. To study 
about missions and learn how to organize 
mission study classes is well, but you must 
actually be a missionary in your own place 
in order to lead and influence and inspire. 

There were in attendance 144 
Congregational delegates. At the 
special session of these the chairman 
was the Rev. F. H. Means, of 
Winchester, Mass., and among the 
speakers were the Hon. S. B. Capen, 
Edward W. Capen, Rev. Dr. Charles 
J. Ryder, R,ev. E. S. Tead, Rev. 
George A. Hood, Harry Wade Hicks 
and Don O. Shelton, the five last 
named being secretaries of our 
denominational missionary societies. 
At the final Congregational denomi- 
national meeting the following reso- 

lutions were adopted as aworking pol- 
icy for the coming fall and winter: 

Realizing the importance of increased 
vigor in our efforts to further the work of our 
s'ix societies, the Congregational delegates 
at Silver Bay Conference, July 21-30, 1905, 
resolve : 

First, that we will use our utmost en- 
deavor to stimulate among all the young 
people of our churches, the sense of re- 
sponsibility for denominational missionary 
work, by urging them, 

r. To learn about our missionaries and 
their fields of labor. 

2. To keep continually in remembrance 
in their prayers, the officers of our boards, 
our missionaries and their fields. 

3. To give, under the guidance of God, 
with a definite purpose and plan, both of 
their substance and themselves. 

4. To realize that they are the recruiting 
agencies for our six societies. 

Second, that in our district and local 
work we make faithful use of the methods 
advocated by this conference, particularly: 

1. In organizing a mission-study cam- 
paign, with normal classes at convenient 
centers, such campaign to be strengthened 
by personal visits of Silver Bay delegates 
to the churches in their vicinity. 

2. In securing as early in the fall as pos- 
sible, through the co-operation of Confer- 
ence and Union Committees, a prominent 
place upon their programs for " For Young 
People and Missions." 

3. By suggesting to the committees of 
Conferences and C. E. unions, the most 
effective ways of advertising, conducting 
and reporting the missionary sessions of 
their meetings. 

4. By calling attention to the Missionary 
Institutes soon to be held in the larger 
centers, so that the attendance may be gen- 
eral, purposeful and prayerful. 

5. By choosing as delegates to next year's 
conference at Silver Bay leaders or pro- 
spective leaders in the young people's 
Societies and Sunday Schools, and wher- 
ever possible those who will represent a 
large constituency of churches. 


By Rev. R. DeWitt Mallary 

Housatonic, Massachusetts 

BECAUSE whatever affects the 
well-being of our country 
should appeal to the heart of 
a patriot, and love of country is al- 

ways a noble and conspicuous charac- 
teristic of young people. 

Because youth loves adventure 
and the romance of Home Missions 


r 39 

is of thrilling interest in sacrifice, 
service, peculiar problems and the 
very pathos and needs of life. The 
masterpieces of fiction have nothing 
to compare with the romance of real 
life, and whether on the prairies, in 
the frontier, in mining camps, on the 
ranches, in the cities, in the swamps 
and glades on the coasts, in ships, 
in reservations, in slums, in munici- 
pal problems, in the assimilation of 
old-world peoples, in the status of 
the negro, in all economic questions 
the religious uplift of the people is one 
connected story of Christian en- 
deavor appealing to all, intensely 
interesting to all when they come to 
know it. 

Because the supreme benefit of 
studying the sacrificial spirit is that 
we come to imbibe it. Christian 
young people who want to quicken 
their religious feeling and the very 
passion of Christ and enthusiasm of 
humanity, will find inspiration in the 
study of Home Missions. If we live 
with the self-sacrificing and unselfish 
we become such ourselves. 

Because the interest in the king- 
dom of God elsewhere than in our 
own communities reacts upon Christ- 
ian purposes and makes us to be " al- 
ways abounding in the work of the 
Lord" in the places where God has 
placed our lives. We labor and 
faint not when we think of the 
fellowship of the work and the 
workers, and Home Missions makes 
us better Christians at home. Get 
young people interested in Christian 
work going on elsewhere, and you 
will pretty soon find them saying — 
"Why can't we attempt something 
of the sort here." 

Because with the coming of an 
alien element to our land in such 
large numbers there is hardly a place 
in the country where a polyglot 
tongue is not heard. In our New 
England mill towns the opportunities 

for religious service are pressing and 
constant, if one would learn some 
< >ne language well enough to speak it. 
Here is a Polish weaver. I meet hun- 
dreds of them all the time on our vil- 
lage streets. I would like to visit him 
in his home and talk with him about 
Jesus Christ and congenial spiritual, 
educational, and social subjects. 
Alas! I cannot. My laundryman is 
a Chinaman and the other day as I 
went to get my weekly package of 
laundered things I took out my 
testament and read the beatitudes 
and the parable of the Prodigal Son. 
He had been partly Christianized, 
having come hither from New 
Haven where he had attended a 
Methodist church. He followed me 
eagerly as I read in English while 
he ironed, and then he said: "I want 
to go back to China to tell them 
over there what Jesus has done for 
your country." Ah! there burned 
in the soul of that Chinaman a 
patriotic fervor. He loved his 
country and wanted to save it for 
Christ. Why cannot the young 
people all over the land put their 
efforts into learning perfectly some 
new language, French, German, Po- 
lish, Russian, or what not, just for 
the practical religious uses such an 
acquisition might afford. 

Because the great work of Home 
Missions needs the youth. O, young 
man or young woman starting out 
in life, are you going to go in for a 
livelihood and for "success," or for 
' ' the good you may do " in the world ? 
If you are seeking a place to serve 
"the present age" can you find one 
that would yield better spiritual re- 
turns than the home missionary field? 

Because the interest of all the 
young people in the work of Home 
Missions now is going to raise up an 
army of givers tomorrow, and this 
work needs support as well as service, 
sympathy and prayer. 


By Rev. 'Joel Stone Ives 

Secretary of The Missionary Society of Connecticut 

Who can utter the mighty acts of the Lord, or show forth all His praise .' " 

God of our father i hear our prayer. 
Accept the offering of our praise ; 

Command Thy blessing, grant Thy grace; 
Thy benediction crown our days. 

Assembled in T'hy courts to-day, 

The favored sons of honored sires, 

In humble reverence here we vow 
T'o keep alive their altar f res. 

Foundations better than they knew 

Where deeply laid in generous soil. 

Rewards far better than they dreamed 
He gladly credit to their toil. 

God's messengers from sea to sea 

Waved high the banner of the cross ; 
Great states, strong churches, patriot souls 
With joy requite the Nation's loss. 

Proud of our Pilgrim heritage. 

Glad in the conquests fought and icon, 
lit- face the future confident— 

The victory ours through His dear Son. 

Duke Street and Mention are suggested tunes. 


The Woman Who Runs the 

WE all know her. Sometimes 
she is the faithful president, 
or hard-working secretary, 
or she • is that other woman who 
wants the credit for everything; 
always the delegate, always on the 
reception committee; able, but ir- 
ritating. Personally, one feels sym- 
pathy for her. Why does she take 
so much upon herself ? Because 
she has generally had to do so, 
to get work done. Is it not natu- 
ral that she should cling to her 
prerogatives, especially if she is 
growing old. and begins to see her- 
self superseded ? It is none the less 
true that in a well-regulated assem- 
bly the will of the majority prevails, 
the rights of the minority are re- 
spected, and if any one woman 
"runs" your society it is because 
some of its members are shirking 
their duty. To discuss a few in- 

An incompetent or lazy officer 
holds over for several seasons be- 
cause "Mrs. put her in," and 

no one dares to make changes. 
Here the duty is plain. Vote for 
some one else, whether nominated 
or not, and do not be afraid of 
creating feeling by a split vote. 
There is more "feeling" now; more 
gossip behind the scenes than there 
is where women have learned to 
express themselves openly under 
parliamentary restraint. 

"But we never have a chance to 
vote differently. Every one is ex- 
pected to vote the nominating com- 
mittee's ticket." 

Does it ever strike women that a 
vote is a serious thing, and not a 
mere matter of etiquette ? Agitate 
for improvement. A formal ballot 
would be a* good thing in your 

"Contrary minds" are called for, 
and you are contrary minded, but 
you let the moment pass because 
you fear to be misunderstood. 
Which is more important: that you 
should be understood or that you 
should be true to your convictions? 
Some one may be waiting for your 

"Our president forgets to ask for 
contrary minds." 

This happens too often. Some 
one should remind her. 

A president appoints a committee, 
and then gives them instructions 
in private. They say afterwards: 
"What was the use of a committee ? 
She had it all arranged beforehand." 

It would surprise many a presi- 
dent to learn that her office gives 
her no such authority over commit- 
tees. She may make suggestions, 
but she may not act for them 
without consulting them, nor decide 
things over their heads. If it is a 
nominating committee, she may not 
try to control the nominations, and 
she should scrupulously refrain from 
wire-pulling for or against any other 
member. She is expected to be 
strictly non-partisan, remembering 
that she is not the manager of the 
society; she is the person who has 
consented to efface herself, that 
business may be done in a regular 
way. If more women would take 
this view of a presiding officer's 
duties it would be well. 

When the election takes place it 
is her business to see that it is con- 
ducted fairly, and she should never 
scheme to deprive the minority (who 
may be resisting from principle) of 
their right to vote. The writer has 
seen instances of this. 

"But she wouldn't serve if she 
could not have things her own way." 

Do not judge your president by 
her unguarded moments. Judge her 
by her best. She is probably as 

1 42 


anxious to do right as you are, but 
she has not met with the checks 
which men put upon one another 
when they exceed their powers. Say 
that you cannot support unparlia- 
mentary measures. Stick it out 
good-naturedly, and do not gossip. 
You will not be asked to serve on 
that committee again — or else you 
will, and for the same reason — be- 
cause you cannot be manipulated. 

The truth is that in its methods, 
and in its conduct of business, the 
average church society lags far be- 
hind other women's organizations. 
This is one reason why women of 
ability are seeking channels of effort 
outside of the church. It should be 
the aim of every new officer to cor- 
rect this. Let them learn the limits 
of their powers, the rights of com- 
mittees, the laws which govern as- 
semblies. Let presidents strive to 
bring out the powers of others, in- 
stead of keeping too much power in 
their own hands. When this has 
been done no one woman can con- 
trol the rest, for the spirit of true 
democracy will prevail. M. L. K. 

The above frank but kindly sug- 
gestions come from a lady of large 
experience in directing the mission- 
ary operations of women. She be- 
lieves, and believes rightly, that the 
only way of doing a thing well is to 
do it rightly and that however un- 
important to some may seem the 
matter of rules and regulations, the 
ultimate success of any society de- 
pends upon the correctness of its 
management. Parliamentary rules 
are meant for a safeguard, and no 
woman's society having a desire to 
live and work in harmony and peace 
and with a certainty of success 
can afford to disregard its constitu- 
tional rights and safeguards. 

Possibly the remarks of " M. L. 
K." may suggest doubts, inquiries 
and some differences of opinion. 
We invite all who feel moved either 
to commend or amend her senti- 
ments as expressed, to feel free so to 
do through the pages of this depart- 
ment. — Ed. 


To the Editor of the Home Missionary: 

If you can spare a little space in 
the Woman's Department, I should 
like to say. that the State Home 
Missionary Union of Missouri at its 
annual meeting in April last, com- 
pleted the endowment fund of $25,- 
000 for the chair of the Dean of 
Women in Drury College at Spring- 
field, Missouri. We have been 
working at this for several years 
and its completion is the cause of 
great rejoicing since it now leaves 
us free to use all our energy upon 
the regular missionary work. We 
are very proud of Drury College. 
It is truly a beacon light in this 
southwest region. 

Mrs. Moses T. Runnels, 


The Home Missionary Union of 
Missouri has earned the warmest 
congratulations of its friends and of 
all friends of Home Missions. This 
society is a church-planting and 
not a college-planting society. The 
relations between the two are so 
close that it is impossible to draw 
any line between them and equally 
so to raise any barrier. The church 
is a feeder to the college and the 
college is a feeder to the church and 
together they are mighty factors in 
the Christian civilization of America. 
The history of Home Missions is 
eloquent on every page with the 
absolute truth of this statement. 
Drury College itself is a legitimate 
fruit of home missionary effort. 
The women of Missouri have proved 
themselves loyal to home missions 
in this splendid effort and its now 
glorious success. We offer hearty 
congratulations and as one success 
paves the way to another we con- 
fidently believe that it has entered 
upon a line of achievement which is 
to result in large spiritual benefit to 
the home missionary interests of the 
state. — Ed. 



May, 1905. 

Not in commission las: rear. 

Bliss, Francis C, Velva, N, Dak.; Blood, Charles 
R., Douglas Wyo. 

Countryman, Asa, Binger, ( >kla. 

Evans, 11. M., Bevier, Mo. 

Field, Frederic A.. Eagle Rock, Cal. 

Garvin, H. C, Jennings, okla.; Gasque, Wallace. 
< rilmore, 1 la. 

Hanuan, W. II.. Dunning and Halsey, Neb.; Hol- 
ford, David, Douglas, Alaska. 

Lewis, Frank C, Rock Springs, Wyo. 

Moody, I'M ward J., El Reno, Okla. 

Olsen S., Deering, Pilgrim and Pioneer, X. Dak. 

Rowan, William I... Collbran, Colo. 

Sealey, H. J., Atlanta, Ga.; Swanson, C. I.. Waver- 
lv. Neb. 

Re-L ommissioned. 

Albrecht, George F., Minneapolis, Minn.; Andrew- 
son,, S. M., Winona, Minn. 

Bayne, John J., Geddes. S. Dak.; Bliss, Edwin M., 
D. D., Sanford, Fla.; Bohn, Nels J., Bagess, Minn.; 
Burgess, Edward J., Hennessey. "Okla.; Burrill, Ar- 
thur S., Birmingham, Ala.; Byrons, E. H.. Xew 
Smyrna and Oak Hill, Fla. 

Champlin, O. 1'., Oriska , X. Dak.; Crabtree, Allan, 
Sherman, Texas; Cross, W. H.. Paso Robles.Cal.; 
Curtis, Norman R., Pueblo, Colo. 

Dawson, William T., Armour, S. Dak.; DeBarritt, 
A., Cienfuegos, Cuba.; Dinsmore, Andrew A., Mt. 
Dora and Tangerine, Fla. 

Egerton, Thomas R., Pendleton, Oregon; Evans, 
J. M., Okarche, Okla.; Everley, M. M.; Moreno and 
Lakeview. Cal. 

Farren, W. D., Flagler, Thurman, Arriba, Fondis 
and Ramah, Colo.; Fulgham, Philip O., Shipshewana 
and Ontario, Ind.; Futch, J. M., Taylor, Fla. 

Gavlik, Andrew, Duquesne, Pa.; Goff, Edward X., 
Linwood, St. Louis, Mo. 

Haggquist, Frank G., Wood Lake and Doctors 
Lake, Wis.; Halbersleben, Henry C, Palisade, Neb., 
Healey, William S., Helena, Mont.; Herbert, Eben; 
Thayer, Mo.; Hess, John L.,Cortez, Colo.; Hoy, 
Jcannie, Otis, Colo. 

Jelinek, Joseph, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kirchner', A. F. C, Granby, Mo 

Lindholm, Lambert T., Plainfield, X. ].: Locke. [. 
I"., Round Prairie, Minn 

McCallie, Tliomas S., Chattanooga, Tenn.; McCoy, 
ClifEordC, Vinton. I. a.; McCoy, Robert C., Bundick 
and Indian Village, La.; Mason, James D. Water- 
villeand Morristown, Minn.; Merrick, Solomon G., 
Cocoanut (irove, Fla. 

Newton, H. E., Lindale. Oa.; Noble, Mason, Lake 
Helen, Fla.; Noyes, Joseph C Brewster, Neb 

Okerstein, J. F., General Missionary in Minn. 

Paine, Samuel D., Melbourne. Fla.; Peyton, Frank, 
Cashion, Okla. 

Randalls, Walter M., Mihesville, Pa.; Ray, ileorge 
W., Ft. Worth, Tex.; Richards. James M.. New 
I astle, Colo., Richards, William J., Coaldale, Pa.; 
Robertson, George, Mentone, Cal.; Rowan, William I... 
Collbran, Colo. 

Saunders. Harry L., Sparks, Okla.; Seccombe, Sam- 
uel H., Gage, Okla. ; Seeley, William I., Bethel and 
Rloomington, Cal.; Simpkin, Peter A., Salt Lake 
City. Utah, Stutson H. H. Biwabik, Minn. 

Thacker, Joseph, Los Angeles, Cal.; Thompson, 
Thomas, Worthing, S. Dak.; Tillman, William H., 
Atlanta, Ga.; Townsend, Stephen J., Avon Park, Fla. 

Weatherwax, Franklin W., West Palm Reach. Fla.; 
Wells, Mrs. Aliee S., Perry, Okla.; Whalley, John. 
Frankfort, S. Dak.; Wickes, Emerson G., Pomona, 
Fla.; Willett, George, San Louis Obispo, Cal.; Wil- 
liams, David T., Blossburg, Pa.; Williams, W T illiarn I., 
Rosedale and Wasco, Cal.; Woodruff, P. G., General 
Missionary in Fla. 


May, 1905. 

For account 0/ receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 

see pages J-fS-g. 
MAINE— $17.39. 

Bath, Winter street. S.2S; East Baldwin, S. S. 
Easter offering, .Si; Garland, S. S., 1.00; Kennebunk, S. 
S. Easter offering, 5.30; Park. Mrs. F. J. Pendleton, 
.50; South Gardiner, S. S., 1.50. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE— $588.91, of which legacies, $73.58. 

F. C. I. and H. M. Union of N. H., Miss A. A. McFar- 

land, Treas., _ 322 

Bristol, towards L. Mp. of Mrs. F. Bingham, 10 

Dover, 1st, S. S.. 96.28; Hancock, 1.75; Hollis, A Friend' 
4; Keene, 1st. 50; S. S. Primary Dept., 9; Meriden, 3.50; 
Milford, Estate of A. C. Crosby, 42.06; Estate of Mrs. 
C. B. Harris, 31.52; Peterboro, Union, 9.55; Temple, S. 
S., 9.25. 
VERMONT— $663.64; of which legacy, $625. 

Bennington Centre, Old 1st, 15.50; Brownington, C. E., 
Easter offering, 6.10; Springfield, 15.04; Stockbridge, 
Mrs. J. G. Allen, 2; White River Junction, Estate of R. 
C. A. Latham, 625. 
MASSACHUSETTS— $9,411.41; of which legacies, $6,- 


Mass. H. M. Soc. by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., 1,000, by 
request of donors, 99.99; A'llston, S. S., 6.94; Boston, 
Estate of Mrs. E. W. Wingate, 342.65, H. Fisher, 
250; Brockton, A Friend, 3; Dedham, M. C. Burgess, 10; 
Dorchester, E. H. Sharp. 25; Harvard, Evan. C. E., 5; 
Holbrook, Winthrop, 50; Hopkinton, 16.83; Hyannis, 10.36; 
Interlaken, A Friend, 10: Ipswich, Estate of A. A. 
Coburn, 161. 21; Ludlow, Mrs. W. M. Ayres, 1; Middle- 

boro, C. E. 1st, 5; Monson, S. S.. 2. 57; Newburyport, S. B. 
Chute, 1; Newton Highlands, 25; North Bellerica, Mrs E. 
R. Gould. 18; Norton, Trim, 56.38; Oxford, 1st, A Friend, 
10; Pittsfield, 1st, Ch. of Christ, 63.46, Mrs. H. P. A. 
Campbell, 4; Plymouth, Pilgrimage, 10.62; Quincy, B. 
T. Belcher, 20; Rowley, 4.95; Roxbnry, Mrs. A. C. 
Thompson, 25, Mrs. M. E. C. Moore, 5; Royalston, 
Estate of Emily B. Ripley. 4,750; Rutland, N. I. Sar- 
gent, 5; Salem, Tab., 30; Shelburne Falls, 62; Somerset, 
P. A. Morrill, 10; Somerville, W. H. Hodgkins, 2--,; 
Southampton, 35.22; South Deerfield, Mrs. L. M. Smith. 
5; Spencer, C. X. Prouty. 25; Springfield, Legacy of 
Mary A. Kellogg, 500 Faith, 46.4^, Miss I. E. Strong. 
5, North, 50, South, Mrs. C. F. Hobart, 10, Mrs. L. 
Andrews, 5. Mrs. A. Bradley, 2. J. H. Clarke, 5, 
Mrs. R. W. Rice. 50; Stockbridg'e, Mrs. M. I. Pitkin, r; 
Sudbury, Estate of H. S. D. Rice. 1. 150. 75; "Ware, H. F. 
Marsh, 6; Warren, W. P. Robbins, 1; Webster, Mrs. A. 
B. Church, 1, F. L. Upham.i; West Brookfield, C. T. 
Huntington, 10; Westfield, 1st, Mrs. L. E. Kingsley, 
5, 2nd, 25; West Medford, Miss S. J Blanchard, 5; West 
Newbury, 1st, 3.25; Winchendon, C. E., 5; Woburn, Mrs. 
M. A. Millett, 1; Worcester, Mrs. R. P. Beaman. 5. 
Miss A. J. Bradley, 25, Dr. C. Crisand, 5, Mrs. W. 11. 
Cowan, 1, Dr. J. Garst, 25, J. Logan. 25. H. R. Sin- 
clair, 1, A. L. Smith, 10, A helper, 20. 

Woman's H. M. Association 1 of Mass. and Rhode Island ), 
Miss L. D. White, Treas., for Salary Fund, 216. 

RHODE ISLAND— $217.50; of which legacy, $207. 

Rhode Island H. M. Soc, J. William Rice, Treas., .50; 
Pawtucket, Estate of Hugh McCrum, 207, Providence, 
M. E. Torrey, 10. 




Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 183.71: Abing- 
ton, 7; Ansonia, 32.63, German, C. E., 4, A Friend, 10; 
Baltic, D. E. Allen, 1, Mrs. T. B. Barber, 4; Berlin, J. 
Hovey, 25; Mrs. L. C. Hubbard, 5, H. E. Savage and 
family, 16; J. B. Smith, 1; Black Bock, Mrs. M. B. 
Woodruff, 25; Branford, H. G.Harrison, 10; Bridgeport, 
G. H. Beard, 10; O. Merwin, 10; C. M. Minor, 10; P. 
M. Beers, 5; L. Scovill, 2; Mrs. P. Gabriel, 1; F. H. 
Fargo, 1; J. S. Wooster, 2; W. F. Gerrish. 1; A 
Friend: 1; Mrs. C. H. Studley, 1; F. M. Wootton, 1; 
N. H. Hoyt, 5; T. Quittmyer, 5, E. Marsh, 1; H. E. 
French, 5; D. E. Marshy; Mrs. A. H. Boardman, 17; 
Miss M. L. Dimond, 10; M. W. Hovey, 25; A. A. 
Kellogg, 25; E. W. Marsh, 100; W. E. Phillips. 5; S. 
Swan, 25; A Friend, 2; Bristol, 1st, 32.56; 1st to const. 
MissH.'M. Peck an Hon. L. M., 50; S. P. Barthol- 
omew, 10; N.L. Brewster, 1; Canaan, Mrs. F.C. Eddy, 10; 
Cheshire, 42.7;; Chester, 22.28; Primary S.S./5; Mrs. T.A. 
Clarke, 1; Mrs. A. L. Smith, 5; Chaplin, Mrs. J. V. 
Crosby, 2; Clarks Corner, F. W. Martin, 10; Connecticut, 
A friend of Home Missions. 10; Cromwell, 42.62; Dan- 
bury, G. McArthur 25; W. J. Rider, 10; Danielson, M. 

E. Dav. 5: S. S. Hall and friends, 15; Derby, F. Brad- 
ley. 5; East Hampton, A. H. Conklin, 5; R. S. White, 
50; East Hartford, 1st, S. S. Adult Dept, 19; South, 
16.40; Ellington, Mrs. J. T. Kimball, 10; Essex, F. J. 
Tiffany. 2s; Fairfield, Miss C. E. Betts, 5; Farmington, 
S. S., 10; Glastonbury, Miss A. M. Goodrich, 25; H. 
Roser, 1; Granby, Mrs. C. B. Wells, 1; Griswold, D. A. 
G eer, 5; Groton, 17.28; Guilford, E. J. Chapman, 1; Mrs. 
C. G. Elliott, 1. 10; Hartford, Glenwood C. E., 5.20; 
Lakeville, G. B. Burrall, 10; Lebanon, 1st, 17.60; Meriden, 
Mrs. H. W. Seip, 1; Middlefield, C. E.. 9.15; L A. Mills, 
25; Middletown, 1st, Ladies H. M. Soc, 43; Naugatuck, 
1st, 35; New Britain, So. Ch S. S., 12; A. N. Lewis, 25; 
Mrs.S. A. Strong, 25; New Haven, 20; United, 400; Yale 
Coll., Ch. of Christ, 10 add'l; F. W. Pardee, 25; "A," 
10; New London, Friend in First, 10; New Milford, E. S. 
Green, 25; Mrs. E. S. Green, 25, Mrs. G. Northrop, 
3; New Preston Village, C.E., 2.04; Norfolk, A Friend, 5; 
A Friend, 1; Northfield, 6.85; No. Stonington, Mrs. J. D. 
Avery, 5; North Woodstock, Mrs. G. Morse and Mrs. H. 

F. Hvde, 2: Norwalk, S. E. Lockwood. 1; Norwich, 
Park," 206.46; Mrs. Aiken, 25; Mrs. Caulkin, 1; G. R. 
Hyde, 10; Norwich Town, Mrs. H. H. Smith, 5; Mrs. E. 
P. Wattles, 25; Life Member, 20; Oxford, Mrs. E. M. 
Limburner, 2S.50; Pequabuck, Mrs. N. E. Moody, 1; 
Mrs. W. H. Scott, 10; Ridgefield, W. A. Seymour, 10; 
Bockville, F. M. Brigham, 5; E. S. Mead. 5; Salisbury, 
37.97; W. B. H. M.. 12.30; Saugatuck, S. S., 6; Sherman, 
30; So. Britain, Mrs. A. S. Canfield, 1; Southbury, 1st, 
2.75; Southington, 1st. S. S.. 20.49; So. Norwalk, Mrs. N. 

E. Gleason. 1; W. Miss. Assoc. 15; Stafford Springs, 
44.98; Stockbridge. C. P. Wells, 2;'Stratford, S. S. 10; 
Suffield, 1st. S. S., 20; Taftville, Ch. and S. S., 
12; Thompson, R. O. Paine, 5; Wallingford, S. E. 
Bishop, 2;; West Hartford, C. A. Colton, 1: 

F. H. Mix, 1; Westport, T- D. Bourger, 1; Wilton, Miss 
S. Comstock, 5; Woodbury, C. W. Kirtland, 25; Mrs. 
H. F. Gibson, 1. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas., 
150; Fairfield, 5; Glastonbury, L. A. S.. 30; Hartford, 1st, 
Y. W. H. M. Circle, 108; So. 2nd Aux.. 72; Hartford, 
Farmington Ave., C. E.. 15: Kensington, Mrs. L. J. 
Peck, special, 10; Mrs. S. A. Hart, Ladies H. M. Soc. 
to const. Miss C. M. Baur an Hon. L. M., 50; Milford, 
Plymouth, Friends, 5; New Britain, So., 41.56; Jr. C. 
E., 8; New Canaan, Jr. C. E., 81; New Milford, 1st, 43.50; 
So. Windsor, "White Guards," 2; So. Britain, Aux., 
12.25; Tattville, 37.28; Jr. C. E., s, Wallingford, L. B. S., 
25. Total $627.59 

NEW YORK— $879.58. 

Brooklyn, Central, Ladies Aid Soc. 50; Ch. of the 
Pilgrims, S. S., 10; Park Ave. S. S. Branch of Tomp- 
kins Ave., 20; Willoughby Ave. S. S., Branch of 
Clinton Ave., 10; H. M. Hart. 3; G. C. Stebbins, 10; 
Buffalo, Mrs. E. C. Sibley, 10; Clifton Springs, F. W. 
Spaulding, 30; Fairport, A. M. Loomis, 10; Greene, 1st, 
9. 18; New York City, Mrs. L. B. Banks, 1, Mrs. S. F. 
Blodget, 20; Miss F. R. Smith, 10; A Friend, .25; 
Nyack, A Friend, 5; Otisco Valley, Mrs. M. J. Frisbie, 
10; Phffinix, C. E. Hutchinson, 5; Poughkeepsie, 1st. 16; 

G. Dudley, 20; Riga, 1st, S. S. Easter offering, 8.41; 
Riverhead, Sound Ave.. 2^.18; Rocky Point, C. E., 3; 
Seneca Falls, 1st, q; White Plains, S. Holden, Jr., 10. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, Treas. 
Binghamton, 1st, 35, Brooklyn, Tompkins Ave. L. B. 

Soc, Mrs. J. A. Chapin, 30; Central, L. B. and H. 
M. Soc, 285; Lewis Ave. Earnest Workers, 40; 
Clinton Ave. L. B. S., 40; Park Ave. Jr. 
C. E., 3; Clayton, 5; Flushing, special, 40; 
Greene, H. M. U., 13.56; Jamesport, L. S., 12; Mor- 
risville, L. S., 9; Jr. C. E., 2; Warsaw, to const. Mrs. C. 
Bishop an Hon. L. M., 50; Pulaski, 10. Total 574.56 

NEW JERSEY— $489.05.1 
Newark, 1st, 19.05; Westfield, 320. 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Assoc, Mrs. G. A. L. 
Merrifield, Treas.; Montclair, 1st, 150. 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Blossburg, Welsh, 7; 
Cambridge Springs, 1st, 1,000; Du Bois, Swedes, 3; Mead- 
ville, J. T Stem, 25; Pittsburg, South Side Puritan, 2; 
Swedes, 5. 

Woman's Missionary Union, Mrs. D. Howells, Treas.; 
Meadville, Park Ave., 25. 

MARYLAND— $16.66. 

Baltimore, 16.66. 
VIRGINIA— $8.50. 

Falls Church, 8.50. 

Kings Mt., Lincoln, 2. 

Sycamore, womble Chapel and Powersville, Allen's 
Chapel, 3. 

ALABAMA— $6.67. 

Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke, Calera, 45c, Thorsby, 
FLORIDA— $31.50. 

New Smyrna and Oak Hill, 15; Westville and Potolo, 
Carmel, 1.25. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. A. Lewis, Treas; 
Daytona, Aux., 10; Interlachen, S. S. Easter offering, 
5.25; 15.25. 

OKLAHOMA— $35.22. 

El Reno, 5.02; Lawnview, 6.67; Sparks, Plymouth, 6; 
Wellston, 1st, 17.53. 

NEW MEXICO— $15.15. 
Gallup, Spanish, 4.25; Los Ranchos de Atrisco, 10.90. 

TENNESSEE— $2.50. 
Bon Air, G. H. Post, 2.50. 

OHIO— $53.85. 

Fredericksburg, C. E., 1; Gomer, Welsh, to const. R. 
A. Jones an Hon. L. M., 40.50; Olmsted, 2nd, 12.35. 

INDIANA— $34.95. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtis, Elwood, 2.10: Lowell, 
Mrs. S. Morey, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Davis, Treas. 
Angola, S. S., 5; Jr. C. E., 6; Ft. Wayne, S. S., 10 
Indianapolis, No. C. E., 1.85; Porter, Ladies Aid 5 

ILLINOIS— $75.00; of which legacy, $50.00. 

Buda, Estate of J. T. Hyde, 50; Chicago, H. M. 
Dickson, 25. 

MISS0URI 7 -$4o. 19. 

Kansas City, Rev. F. L. Johnston, 5; St. Louis, L. M. 
Brown. 25; Springfield, Pilgrim, 10.19. 

MICHIGAN— $2.70. 
Lansing, Estate of J. W. Childs, 2,70. 

WISCONSIN— $13 07. 

Clintonville, Scand. Bethlehem, 9.32; Ekdall, Scand. 
2.25; Glenwood, Swedes, 1.50. 

IOWA— $43-65- 

Dubuque, 1st, C. E., 4.75; Long Creek, Welsh, 8; 
Minden, 26.18; C. E., 4.72. 

MINNESOTA— $331.96. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D. D., Belgrade, 5; 
Brownton, S. S., 3.20; Madison, n. 15; Minneapolis, First, 
S. S., 35; Fremont Ave., 36.20; Plymouth, 75; 
Rochester, 35.98; Staples, 2.25; Total 203.78. 

Ellsworth, 15; Hancock, 5.50; Kasota, Swedes, 3; 
Lamberton, 5; Minneapolis, 5th Ave.. 50; 5th Ave. 
S. S., 14.10; 38th St., 8 10; Twin Valley, 1st. 2.25; 
Walker, 14.52; Walnut Grove, 5.71; Winona, L. O. 
Stevens, 5. 




Burwell, Thank Offering, 43.35; Butte and Naper, 
German, 6; Cortland, 9.90; Eureka, 4.25; Palisade, .s; 
Germantowu, 1 ,erman, 7.50; Hemingford, 3; Inland, 
German, 9; Omaha, 1st, 2.61; Santee, Pilgrim, 16.02; 

Neb. H. M. Soc. by Rev. L. Gregory, Treas ; Aurora, 
2?.S5; Dodge, ;; Exeter, 58. 52; S. S., S.28; Genoa, 40; 
Hastings, ."4; Hay Springs, A Friend, 1; Lincoln, 
Paisley, £.45; Pierce, ^6.55; Plymouth, S; Rokeby, 9.28: 
Spring View, 6.25; Ulysses, 3.23; Valpariso, Ethel 
Hood, 1. Total 257.41 


Buchanan, 5; Crary, 1st, 15; Dawson and Tappan, 3; 
Ellis, 1st, i;"Williston, C. E. Easter offering, 4 20. 

Ashtou, \V. II. M. I'.. 3.6s;Athol, 13.35; Brookings, 
S. S, Goodale, 2; Eureka, German. 37.50; Frankfort, 
7; Lake Henry, 5; Lake Preston, 6.25; Lebanon, 1.58; Logan 
and Lebanon, 4.45; Mitchell, 10.60; Oacoma, 10.50; South 
Shore,; Valley Springs, 4; Webster, 5. Total 2.13 

Woman's H. M. Union by Mrs. A. Loomis, Treas., General 
work, iqo; Alaska, n.50; Cuba, 11.50. 

COLORADO— S410.88. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Denver, Assoc. 3.40; 
Western Assoc. 3.06. Total 6.46 

Colorado City, 1.25; Hillside, 2.50. 

Woman's H M. Union, Miss I. M. -Strong, Treas.; 
Boulder, 22.5 ,-•; Colorado Springs, 1st. 55; Crested Buttei 
50; Denver, Plymouth, Thank offering, 51.17; 1st, 25: 
3rd. 8; Eaton, jo; Greeley, 17; Hayden, 15; Montrose, 10; 
Morth Denver, 0.50; Platte Valley, 5; Pueblo, 1st, 12.50; 
Pilgrim Ch.. (.55; Ladies, iq.30; Telluride, n. 15; Trin- 
idad, Mrs. S. B. Pickett, deceased, 50. Total 400.67 


Wyoming Assoc. Woman's 'Missionary Soc, 12.50- 

UTAH— $418.00. 
Salt Lake City, 1st, 418. 

IDAHO-$S7. 75 . 

New Plymouth, Plymouth. 8.50; Nora, Swedes. 4.75; 
Pocatello, 1st, 44.50. 


Received by Rev. J. L. Maile; Claremont, S. S. , 8.68 
Los Angeles, Hast side. 7.80; Rev. H. P. Case, 5 
Pasadena, Lake Ave., 14; Rialto, Miss L. Oliver, 2 

Total 37.48 

Bakersfield, Miss M. W. Buss, 15; Etiwanda, 20; San 
Bernardino, 1st, 23.70. 

OREGON— $113.60. 

Beaver Creek, German. 5; New Era, German, 2: Hood 
View, 1; Portland, Highland, 10.20; Sunnyside, 20; 
Miss. Soc, 20; Salem, 5.50; Tualatin, 1. 

Woman's H. M. Union, by Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Treas., 
16.90; Portland, 1st, 30; Sherwood, 2. Total , , 

WASHINGTON— $78.42. 

Wash. Home Miss. Soc, by H. B. Hendley. Treas.; 
Seattle, Edgewater. 5.05; Spokane, Westminster. 50.50; 
Three Lakes, 5.10; Wallula, 1.22. Total 61.37 

*■' Aberdeen, Swedes 3.55; Seattle, 1st, German, S; Walla 
Walla, German Zion, 5. 

JAPAN— $1.00. 
Yokohama, Dr. A. D. H. Kelsey, 1. 


Contributions $1 1,261. 12 

Legacies 7,862.89 


Interest - - 317.00 

Home Missionary.. 193-^8 

Literature 22.83 

Total $19,657.42 


June, 1905. 

Not in commission last year . 

Bliss, Francis C, Velva, No. Dak.; Bodine, I. E., 
Hastings, Okla.; Brunk, William R., Chipney, Fla 

Champlin, Oliver P., Oriska, No. Dak. 

Davis, Willliam C, Olymphant, Pa.; Dick, Guy L., 
West Lake, Idaho. ' ' 

Eggleston, F. O., Waubav and Estelline, So. Dak. 

Foley, R. W., Meta and vicinity, Mo. 

Haines, Oliver S.. Anglin, Wash.; Hewson, Earl, St. 
Louis. Mo.; Holbrook, Ira A., Guthrie. Okla. 

Johnson, F. L., Concord, Ga. 

Kilian, Miss Anna, Stockdale and Charleroi, Pa. 

Lamb, William A., Hoschton, Ga.; Ludlow, T. V., 
Minneha and Xewalla, Okla. 

McGarity, Kobert S., Hoschton, Ga.; Mercel, Miss 
Ellen, Allegheny. Pa. 

Owens, I. F., Lbvejoy, Ga. 

Perkins, Mrs. Eliza B., Breckenridge, Okla. 

Richardson, David A., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Schwab, Elias T.. Kansas City, Mo.; Sealey, H. J., 
Atlanta, Ga. ; Stanton, George S., Bearhead, Fla. 

Turner, Beniamin R.. Independence, Okla. 

Wilder, Philip E., Navlor, Ga.; Worrall, William B., 
Anadarka. Ft. Cobb.Cbttonwood and Apache, Okla. 

Young, Arthur G., Colfax and Abercrombie, No. 
Dak.; Young, Harry W.. Index, Wash. 


Alderson, John, Winfred, So. Dak.; Anderson, Oscar 
L., Marysville, Wash.; Asadoorian, Avedis M., Iro- 
quois, So. Dak.; Arnold, William A., Washongal, 

Baker, George, Edison. Wash.; Baker, W. H., Bon- 
ifay, Ga.: Barnes, Alice S. X., Columbus, Mont.; Bar- 
nett, John H.. Indianapolis. Ind.:Bekeschus, Edward, 
Alexander. Kan.: Bixby, William S.. Leavenworth, 
Wash.: Blackburn, Tohn F., General Missionarv in 
Ga.; Blackwell. William, Colville, Wash.; Blomb'erg, 

Carl R. A., Glenwood.Wis.; Bown, Frank A.. Spring- 
field, Mo.; Brewer, William F., General Missionary 
in Ga.; Bushell, Richard. Black Diamond, Wash. 

Carden, William J., Atlanta, Ga.: Carlson, August 
T., East Orange, V J.; Carmichael, Neil, Myers Falls 
and Bossburg, Wash.; Carroll, W. I.. Dallas, Texas; 
Childs, Lucas S., Pleasant View, Okla., Clark, Allen, 
Pomeroy,Wash.; Clarke, Charles F., Cheney, Wash.; 
Conard, W. J., Backus and Hackensack, Minn.; Cook, 
Ezra A., Big Timber, Mont. Cooke, William H., 
Steilacoom, Wash.; Cooley, Canfield T., Mullan, 

Davis, William V., Robinson, Utah; Day, Richard 
C, South Bend, Wash.; Donat, Joseph, Stockdale, 
Pa.; Doty, Micajah. Carthage, So. Dak.; Dyke, 
Thomas, Aten and Crofton, Nebr. 

Earl, James, Browntown and Stewart, Minn.; Eng- 
lund, Theodore, Plainfield. N. J.; Engstrom, Alfred 
P., Minneapolis, Minn.; Essig, William F., Walla 
Walla. Wash. 

Farr, John T., Columbus, Ga.; Fleming, Moses G., 
Middletown, Hartwell and Danielsville, Ga.; Flook, 
Jacob, Kearney, Neb.; Forrester, James C, Atlanta, 
Ga.; Frazce, John H., Knoxville, Tenn. 

Gilbert, Thomas H., Sandy, Utah; Graham, J. M., 
General Missionary in Ala.; Graham, W. H., Powers- 
ville, Ga.; Graham, Robert N., Center, Nebr.; Green, 
E. F., Corvallis, Ore.; Greenlees, Charles A., Trini- 
dad, Colo.; Grosz, John D., Loveland, Colo. 

Haddam, James F., Doerum, Ga.; Haecker, M. C. 
Chickasha, Ind. Ter. ; Haggblom, John R., Lake City, 
Minn.; Harris, Ransom C, Ten Broeck. Ala.: Harris, 
Thomas B., Ft. Valley. Ga.; Haughland, Lars. N., 
Maple Valley, Wis.; Heghin, Samuel S., Gettysburg, 
So. Dak.; Herbert, Joseph, Nachez, Wash.: Hill, 
Thomos H., Ferndale, Wash.; Hindley. Harry B., 
Tacoma,Wash.; Hindley, William J., Spokane. Wash.: 
Home, Gideon. Lifsey, Ga. 

Ibanez, Jose M.. El Paso, Texas; Ireland, Edwy S., 
Lopez Island, Wash. 



Jamarik, Paul. Elmdale. Minn.; James, B. B., Balti- 
more, Md.; Jefleries, John. Minersville, Xebr.; John- 
son, Henry W., West Duluth. Minn.; Johnson, Willy 
N., Long Beach, Wash.: Johnston, Frank L.. Kansas 
City, Mo.: Jones, Hugh W., Delta, Pa. 

King, Christopher C, Lawrenceville, Ga.: King, 
Willet D., Omaha, Xebr.; Kranshaar, Fred. J.. Traer 
and Herndon, Kan.; Kuhl, E. P., Brainerd, Minn. 

Leeds, Paul, Kinder, La.; Lewis, J. M., White Sal. 
mon, Wash.; Lindsley, Edwin E., >«. Y. Mills, Minn.; 
Locke, Robert L., Cedartown, Ga.; Luke, Joshua C. 
Carbondale, Pa.; Lyle, Andrew J., Ocee, Ga. 

Mack, Charles A., Wyndemere. Xo. Dak.; Mason, 
Charles E., Mountain Home, Idaho; Matthews, James 
T., Plymouth, Pa.; Meeker, Jacob E., Eldon, Mo.; 
Mercer." Henry W., Bellevue, Wash.; Miller, Henry 
G., White Oaks, Xew Mex.; Miller, Willie G.. Dor- 
cas, Fla.; Moya, Jesus M., Ranchos de Atrisco. New 
Mex.; Musgrove, George X., Redondo Beach, Cal. 

Nelson, Andrew G., Chandlers Valley, Pa.; Nelson, 
A. P., General Missionary in Minn., Western Wis. 
and Xo. Dak.; Newton, H. E., Lindale. and Aragon, 
Ga.; Newton, William H., General Missionary in 
Ala.; Newquist, Karl. General Missionary in Xo. 
Dak. and Western Wis. ;Nicholls, Richard D.,Kalama, 
Wash.; Nickerson, Roscoe S., Vernal, Utah; Noyce, 
George T., Trenton, Xebr. 

Ohleen, J. P., Aberdeen, Wash.; Olson, Anton. 
Swanville, Minn.; Owen, William H., Payne'-ville, 

Packard, X.L., General Missionary in Xebr.; Painter, 

Harry M.. Almira. Wash.; Parker, Lyman B., Sul- 
phur." Ind. Ter.; Parks, Avery G., Circuit, Minn.; 
Peterson, John, Michigan City, Ind.; Peterson, Samuel, 
Culdrurn, Minn.; Philbrook, Charles E., Sylvan, 

Quattlebauin, Wilkes H., Seville and Asbury 
Chapel. Ga. 

Reid, D. H., General Missionary and Evangelist in 
Wash.; Robbins, Anson H., Ree Heights, So. Dak.; 
Robinson, Charles W., Ashton and Athol, So. Dak. 
Ruddock, C. A.. Lamberton, Minn. 

Samuel, Benjamin. McHenry, Xo. Dak.; Sherman, 
Xewton, Addison, Xebr.; Slater, Sheldon, Hesper, 
Xo, Dak.; Smith Frank X., Tekoa, Wash.; Smith, 
Green X., Baxley. Ga.; Smith, William, St. Louis, 
Mo.; Smith, Z. H., Willow Lakes and Petrodi, So. 
Dak.; Stanton, J. B.. Denver. Colo.; Stover, William 
B., Alva.. Okla.; Swanson, Charles, Waverly, Xebr.; 

Taylor, Horace J., Anacortes, Wash.; Thayer, O. F., 
San Jacinto, Cal.; Thompson, Ole, Clintonsville, 
Wis.; Tillman, William H.. Atlanta. Ga. 

Vavrina, Yaclar, St. Louis, Mo.; Vining, Roscoe W., 
Susquehanna, Pa. 

Walker, H. E., Havana, Cayuga and Rutland, Xo. 
Dak.; Wells, Charles W.. Cathlamet, Wash.; White- 
head, lohn W., Xorth Rome, Ga.; Williams, Starr C, 
Atlanta, Ga.; Winslow, Jacob. Interlachen, Fla.; 
Woodcock, Thomas J., Elk Point. So. Dak.; Woods, L. 
L., Brighton Beach, Wash.; Wrigley, Francis, Gar- 
vin. Minn. 

Zercher, Henry J., Kennewick, Wash. 


June, 1 105. 

For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies^ 
see page i+S-q. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $2,536; of which legacy, $2,500. 

Contoocook, A Friend, 25; Epping, Dea. G. S. Thomp- 
son, 5; Manchester, Estate of Alvin Pratt, 2.500; Mrs. 
M. D. French, 1; Troy, W. F. Lowe, 5. 

VERMONT— $874.45. 

East Hardwick, 20.17; East St. Johnsbury, 3d, 9; 
Peaoham, 34.55; Sharon, Rev. E. B. Chamberlin, 2; 
Springfield, addl., 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. H. Thompson, Treas., 
2; Ascutneyville, 5; Barnet, 6; Barre, Ladies' Union. 7 30; 
East, C E., 3; Barton, 15; C. E., 7; Barton Landing, 10; 
Bellows Falls, Ladies' Union, 10; Bennington, 2d, 10; 
Xorth, 5.70; Braintree, East, C. E., 1; Brandon, 6.50; 
Brattleboro, Ladies Assoc, 15; West, Woman's Assoc. 
7; Burlington, 1st, Woman's Assoc, 77,36; College St.. 
18.55; Brookfield, C. E., 5; Cambridgeport, .25; Castleton, 
5.56; C. E., 1; Chester, 10.80; Craftsbury, Xo., 5; Enos- 
burg, 4; Danville, 9.40; Essex Junction, Opportunity Cir- 
cle, 10; Mt. Mansfield Girls' Club, 1.85: S. S. Young 
Men's Class, 1.48; 3.33; Pair Haven, n; Fairlee, 10; Fer- 
risburg, 10; Grafton, 8; Greensboro, 2.42; Hardwick, 
East, 5.10; Hero, South, (?. E., m Hinesbivrg, Y. P. H. 
M. S., 5; Jeffersonville, 8; Jericho Center, 10. Lyndonville, 
10; Ludlow, 10; C. E., 2.20; Manchester, 5; Middlebury, 7; 
Milton, S. S., 4.38: Montpelier, Bethany Miss. Soc, 10; 
Newbury, 15.75; Newport, 9.25; Northfield, C. E., 3: Poult- 
ney, East, 6.50; Putney, 6; Pittsford, 12.50; Randolph, 10; 
Randolph Center, C. E., 5; Richmond, 7; Royalton, S. S., 
5; C. E., 5, 10; Rupert, 6.51; Rutland, 30; West, C. E., 5; 
Sheldon, 10; Shoreham, 7.40, Saxton's River, L. B. S., 5; 
Springfield, 25; Stowe, 10; St. Johnsbury, So. Ch. 25; Xo. 
Woman's Assoc, 35; Swanton, 10 : Thetford North, 5; 
Underbill, Homeland Circle, 8; C. E., 2.50; Vergennes, 
10; Vershire, C. E., 1; Wallingford, 7; Warren, S. S., 
1.50; Mrs. M. Perkins, 5; 6.50; Waterbury, 16.50, S. S., 
5.41,0 E., g.59, Tryphena Club. 5. 36.50; Weybridge, 
C. E., 13.22; Williamstown, 7: Wells River, 7, C.E., 5, 12; 
West Glover, 10; Windsor, 15; Wilder, C. E., 1; Williams- 
town, Miss. Study Class, 1.25; Winooski, 10; Woodstock, 
20. Total, $803.73 

MASSACHUSETTS— $2,071.90; of which legacy, $50. 

Mass. H. M. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., by request 
of donors, 92.44; Amherst, Xorth, 12.72; Andover, Mrs. 
M. F. Babbitt, 1; Miss E. Clough, .50; A Friend. 100; 
Attleboro, A. E. Shorey, 25; Boston, C. A. Hopkins, 

50; C. W. Merrill, 1; E. Plimpton, 5; W. C. Travis, 
10; A Friend, 30; Brighton, G. A. Fuller, 10; Brockton, 
L. F. Gurney, 5; C. A. Jenny, 25: Brookline, G. P. 
Davis, 25; Center Marshfield, Miss S.B. Stevens, 1; Dal- 
ton, 1st, 150; J. H. Smith, 10; Dedliam, J. Y. Noyes, 10; 
East Long Meadow, E. S. Ellis, 5: East Northfield, Mrs. 
F. A. Janes, 25; Mrs. E. H. Porter, 10; Fitchburg, 
Mrs. A. S. Harris, i; Mrs. M. Johnson, 20; Foxboro, 
Bethany, 2; Gardner, S. E. Boyles, .25; Gilbertville, Y. 
P. Miss. Circle, 24.42; Haverhill, M. W. Welsh, 2; 
Lowell, E. E. Sargent, 24; M. E. Tyler. 10; Millington, 
Mrs. E. W. Estey, 1; New Bedford, D. B. Westen, 2; 
New Braintree, S. S., 13; Newbury, Mrs. M. Little, 1; 
Newburyport, C. A. Bliss, 25; E. W. Boynton, .25; Miss 

E. A. Jackman. 2; A Friend. 2; A. S. Edwards, 1; C. 
L. ScaJes, 6; F. M. Underhill. 2: Newton, Mrs. Ken- 
way, 5; Newton Highlands, A Friend, 200; Northboro, 
Evan. 50.40; North Wilbraham, Grace Union, 17.79; 
Palmer, L. H. Gager, 100; Pepperell, L. J. Goodwin, 5; 
Mrs. J. Shattuck, 1: Petersham, Mrs. A. D. MacXutt, 
100; Phillipston, C. E., 1.63; Pittsfield, K. M. Bucking- 
ham, 25; Miss M. J. Cooley, 5; G. H. Tucker, 1; H. 
A. Brewster, 5; Quincy, A. L. Rumpus, 1; Rockland, 

F. K. Studley. 5; Roxbury, Mrs. C. E. Spencer, 1; Rut- 
land, A Friend, 1; J. B. Wells. 3; Shirley Center, Miss 
J. M. Burr, 10; Smiths, H. M. Smith, 25; Somerville, 
Mrs. A. M. Rubel,i; South Dartmouth, 9; South Dennis, 
5; South Framingham, Miss L. A. Eames, 10; South Had- 
ley, Mt. Holyoke Coll., M. O. Xutting. 10; B. Blake- 
ley, jo; Friends, 5; South Hadley Falls, Mrs. C. X. 
Webster, 1; Springfield, South, 65.50; In the Master's 
name, 25; E. L. Tully, 10; Townsend, Estate of Eliza- 
beth Blood, 50; Webster, L. D. Perry, 20, Wendell, M. 
M. Hillman, 2; Westboio, Mrs. S. Converse, 2; West 
Medway, L. S. Thayer, 1: West Springfield, H. M. 
Brooks, 25; Williamstown, R. A. Rice, 20; Winchendon, 
Home Dept. of the Xorth S. S., 5; Worcester, Pied- 
mont, 27; Union. 20; C. C. Kinsley, 1; M. J. Wilder, 
10; C. W. Woods, 10. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc. 1 of Mass. ana Rhode Island) Miss 
L. D. White, Treas. Salary Fund, 216; Springfield, 1st, 
Aux-i 2QQ J Olivet , Jr. E. Miss. Band, 6. Total. .206.00 

CONNECTICUT— $1,949.79; of which legacies, $1,027.78. 
Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 84.86; Ansonia, 
A Friend, 5; Black Rock, 1st, 52; Miss A. A. Bartram, 
5; Bridgeport, Mrs.C. P. Porter,2; Intermediate C.E. of 
the 2d, 2. 50; Bristol, H. S. Avery, 3; Danielson, Mrs. H. 
Gleason. 1; Farmington, Estate of Milton Humphrey, 



500; Groton, S S. 6; Hart lord, Farmington Ave. to const. 
Miss A. M. Richards and Mrs. M. R. Storrs, lion. D 
Ms., too; A Friend, 10; Madison, tSt, 11.60; Melrose, 
Kstate of Mrs. II. C. Thompson, 16.37; Middlefield, 
\V. Bailey, 5; Middletown, I [. L. Ward. 5; Milford, t st, 
5.32; New Haven, Dwighl Place, 71.97; Bible School, 
Ch. of the Redeemer S. S , ■,; P. II. Mart, 15; New- 
ton, Kstate- of Miss Elizabeth Leavenworth, 151.41; 
Norwich, 2d C. E., 10; Rockville, Estate of Sarah H. 
Gibson, 250; Stonington, isi , -< .. v !; " Life Member " to 
const. Miss G. 1). Wheeler an Hon. L.M., 50; Miss G. 
I). Wheeler, 2; Vernon Center, 7. 52; Waterbury, Mrs. B. 
i' Kimball, deceased, 50; West Suffield, A Priend, i; 
Woodmont, C. II Tuttle, 5.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, 'Picas, 300; 
Hartford, So. 2d Aux., special, 10.18; Pomfret, 20. 


NEW YORK— $1,507.70; of which legacies, $200. 

Angola, A. II. Ames, 5; Bangor, 9.52; Brooklyn, Cen- 
tral, 601.75; South, 149.02; Mrs. I. L,. Bennett, 
special. 5; Buffalo, Mrs. S. ('. Whittcmore, 15; Camden, 
1st Ch. and S. S., 30.52; Canandaigna, 1st, 215.62; Can- 
dor, A. II. Krom, 25; Fairport, Ch. A Friend, 5; Groton 
City, 7.60; Mt. Vernon, W. M. Soc. 1.50; New York City, 
Pilgrim, 51; S. S. 14.26; Mr. Lock wood, 25; Camp 
Memorial S. S., 15; Niagara Falls, rst, 17; Prattsburgh, 
Kstate of Rebecca Waldo, 10; Remsen, Kstate of 
Elizabeth Roberts, iqo; Union Falls, M. B.D.Lyman, 5. 

Woman's H. M, Union, Mrs. J. T- Pearsall, Treas. 
Brooklyn, L. B. S., 100; Lewis Ave", Earnest Workers 
in full to const. C. A. Boyle an Hon. L. M., ro. 

Total, $110.00 

NEW JERSEY— $152. 97. 

Dover, Scand. Heth., 1.25; Glen Ridge, 122.72; Little 
Ferry, German Evan., 6; Paterson, Auburn St., 23. 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Kane, 1st, ro; Arnot, Pur- 
itan, 5.25; Carbondale, 1st. 5; Pittsburgh, " S. K. G." 25; 
Riceville, 4.25; Scranton, Puritan, 10; Spring Creek, 3.50; 
Warren, Bethlehem Scand. 5; Youngsville, 2.50. 

Woman's M. Union, Mrs. D. Howells, Treas., Kane, 5. 
MARYLAND— $ 3 Ss; of which legacy, $380. 

Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Tuxedo, ist, 5; Baltimore, 
Estate of Mrs. M. R. Hawley, 380. 


Washington, D. R. Wright. 25. 

Falls Church, add'l. 3. 

GEORGIA— $10. 

Atlanta,Mrs. E.A.Sanger on account of pledge made 
by Southern Cong. Congress, 10. 

ALABAMA— $2.61. 
Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke, Fort Payne,Kmanuel, 1 

FL0RIDA-$6 5 . 

Melbourne, S. S., 5; Orange City, Rev. J. C. Halliday, 

25; West Palm Beach, Cnion, 50. Total ...$80.00 

Less $15 erroneously reported in May from 

New Smyrna 1500 

Balance $65. 00 

TEXAS— $2.50. 
Tyler, ist, 2.50. 

OHIO— $43.11. 

Cincinnati. Lawrence St. Welsh, 9.55; Oberlin, 
S., 33.56. 

INDIANA-$i 16.05. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtiss, Terre Haute, Plymouth,' 
;; Angola, Jr. E., 5; Caseyville and Cardonia, 15; Indiana- 
polis, Rev.' A. G. Detch, . 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. 1 1. Davis. Treas. Car- 
donia, .50; Caseyville, .50; Coal Bluff, 1; East Chicago, 
16.18; Indianapolis, North, 20; Mayflower, 21.57; C. K.. 
q. 10; Plymouth, Ladies' Union, I; Michigan City, 18.70; 

Perth, 1; Portland, 5. Total $94-55 

Less expenses.. 9.50 

Total $85.05 


Received by Rev. M. E. Evcrsz, D. D., Park Ridge, 1 ,1 1 
man, 2; Waukegan, II. Washenfeld, 2. Total. . 


KansasCity, Beacon Mill, 9.05; St. Joseph, Swedes, 
2; St. Louis, Fountain Park, S. S., .5; Springfield, G( 1 
man, 1 -. 

WISCONSIN-$io. 7 5. 

City Point, Scands., 2; Clear Lake, Swedes, .■; Curtiss, 

z ions 1 rerman, 6.75. 

IOWA $371. 
Iowa H. M. Soc, Miss A. D. Merrill, Treas., 371. 

MINNESOTA— $560. 2 }. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, Hill City, S. S. 5.16; 
Minneapolis, Pilgrim, 94.31; Plymouth, 75; S. S., 39.82 
Nymore, t.07; St. Paul, Bethany, to.55. 1 

Benson, Pilgrim, 2; Garvin, 2.70; Graceville, [6; Granite 
Falls, S. 70; Northfield, Thank offering, too; Rainy River 
Valley, 2.50; Spring Valley, ist, 10. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Treas., 
Benson, S. S., 1.80: Faribault, 3.78; Fairmount, 3; Little 
Falls, 3.50; Marshall, 8.05; Minneapolis, Plymouth, ;o; 
Lyndale, 11.60; First, 17; Forest Heights, 25; Park 
Ave., 23.20; New Dim, r.29; Rochester, 29.50; Winona 

Second, 4. 70. Total $202.42 

Less expenses 10.00 

Balance $192.42 

Alexander, ( rerman 

NEBRASKA— $50.2 2. 

Grant, 9; Havelock, ist. 3.3s; Holdrege, 19; Lin- 
coln, 10; Omaha, Hillside, .50; Palisade, ist, 6.25; Super- 
ior, German, 2.12. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $15.25. 

Deering, Pilgrim and Pioneer, 2.25: Edmunds, 5; Mel- 
ville, 5; Fargo, Scand., 1; Sykeston, 2. 


Clear Lake, ist, 7.50; Duncan, 3; Elk Point, Ch. 
S S . ■ r. Gotland, 2.80; Sioux Falls, Immanuel 
German, 16.25; Spearfish, Ch. 34.50; S. S. 2.50; [r.Y. 
C. E. Soc, 1.50; Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Vermil- 
lion, 35. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. Loomis. Treas., 100. 


Brighton, Platte Valley. 2.50; Claremont, Seibert, 
Kirkland, Cope, 8.50. 

WY0MING-$g. 45 . 

Woman's M. Union, Miss E. McCrum, Treas, Douglas, 
C. E.,6. 

Received by Rev. W. B. D. Gray, Cheyenne, South Ch. 

and S. S., 3.45. 

IDAHO— $47. 

Challis, 1st, 10; Gibbonsville, ist, 5; Pearl, 2. 
Woman's M. Union, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Treas., Boise, 
25; Challis, 5. Total $30.00 

CALIFORNIA- s [2 3.oi. 

Los Angeles, Park, 10.80; Spanish 2.50; Nordhoff. Mrs. 
J. R. Gelett, 5; Paso Robles, Plymouth, 1.25. 

Received by J. L. Maile. Claremont, S. S.. 2,66; Los 
Angeles, West End, 5; Riverside, 20; Sierra Madre, 33.50; 
C. I'-.. 3.30; Mrs. <i. A. Haskell. 1; Whittier, , . 

Total... - 


Ashland, 23; Huntington, ist. 22; Portland, Ebenezer 
German, 10; Scappoose, 5. 

WASHINGTON >s 3 .2 5 . 

Washington H. M. Soc, by H. P.. Hendley, Treas., 
Colfax, Plymouth, 5.25; Newport, 15. Total J 

Cheney, 6; Kalama, ist, 7. 


Legacies 4.157.78 


Interest 1.779.26 

Home Missionary 46.99 

Literature 49-59 

Total. $13,268.74 





Receipts in May, 1905. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Andover, Free Christian, 57; Attleboro Falls, Central 
6; Barnstable, West, 6, Bedford, Emily M. Davis, 1; 
Boston, Cash, 10; Miss Marble, 5; E. Rivoire, 20; 
Ellis Mendell Fund, 50; Phillips, 22; Walnut Ave. 
C. 1". 10; Eliza W. Wingate, Est., 428.30; Chelsea, 3d, 
15.60; Chicopee Falls, 2d, 18. 18; Charlemont, East, 
Josephine C. Whitney, Annuity, 1000; Finns, The 
Cape, 12.05; Fitchburg, Finns, 19.65; Rollston, 26.28; 
Foxboro, Bethany, 16; Freetown, Assonet, 3.46; Rufus 
Frost Fund, 24; R. C. Gurney Fund, 12; Hatfield, 
63.10; Holbrook, Winthrop, 52.36; Hyde Park, S. S., 4.05; 
Lawrence, Samuel White, 50; Leominster, North, 26.50; 
C. E., 2; Lynnfield, South, Ladies' Aux., 10; M. H. 
Fund, 25.40; Maynard, Finns, 5; Medford, West, 20.35; 
Mendon Conference, 5.50; Millbury, Worcester South 
Conference, 59.60; Milton, 1st. 32 48; Newburyport, 
Whitefield, 50; New Marlboro, Southfield, 6; Newton, 
Eliot, 275.87; Norfolk, Ladies' Benev. Soc, 10; North- 
bridge, Est. of Wm. H. Whitin, 500; Whitinsville, 
1751.78; No. Carver, C. E., 30; Northampton, 1st Church 
of Christ, 271.29; Norwood, 1st, 72.62; Pelham, Packard- 
ville, 5; Pittsfield, French, 15; Quincy, Finn, 4.40; Rayn- 
ham, 1st, 881; I). Reed Fund, 30; Rochester, 1st, 20; 
Sherborn, Pilgrim, 10; Southbridge, Globe Village, 9.75; 
So. Deerfield, 26 19; Stoneham, r8; Townsend, 12.24; 
Upton, 13; Wakefield, 33.21; Walpole, 2d S. S., 15; Ware, 
East, 238.66; 1st, 24; Wellesley, 92.26; D. Whitcomb 
Fund, 860.80. J. C. Whitin Fund, 124; Whitinsville, 
Extra Cent a Day Band, 14.11; Winchester. Est. Lucy 
B. Johnson, 300; Worcester, Old South, 106.65; Ply- 
mouth add'l, 100; Wellesley, Wellesley Hills for Rev. 
M. Long, Arizona, 56.80; E. C. Hood, Special for 
Italian Work, 58.33; West Yarmouth, 4.21;; Designated 
for Miss Crawford, salary, Andover, South, Home 
Department, 5; Designated for C. H. M. S, C. C. 
Torrey, 5; Springfield, Hope, 20. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Ella A. .Smith, Treas., Sal- 
aries, for French College, $70; Salary for Italian 
worker, 38. 

Summary : 

Regular $7,233-55 

E. C. Hood, for Italian Work 58.33 

Designated for C. H. M. S 25.00 

W. H. M. A _ 105.00 

Home Missionary 1.50 

Total... $7,423.38 

Receipts in June, 1905. 

Agawam, Feeding Hills. 16; Andover, Mrs. S. B. 
Richards, 40; Arlington, Park Ave. 30; Ashby, C. F. 
Hay ward, 14.90; Ayer, S. S. 1.93; Belchertown, 24.16; 
Belmont, Plymouth, n; Boston, Italian, 3.74; Boylston, 
12; West Roxbury, So.Evang., 45.20; Income of Brack- 
et t Fund, 40; Cambridge, Hope, 16.36; Chelsea, 1st, 
13.63; Central, 31.44, Chicopee, 1st, 4; Clarendon Hills, 
18; Income of Clark Fund, 15; Dorchester, Village Ch. 
W. H. M. S., 23; Essex, 26.84: Everett, 1st, 31.13; Finns, 
the Cape. 19.50; Fitchburg, Finns, 9; Three Sisters, 
10; Franklin, 14.88; Income of Rufus Frost Fund, 30; 
Granby, Rev. R. C. Bell, 10; Groton, Union, 78.23; In- 
come of E. J. M. Hale Fund, 50; Hamilton, 23.86; Han- 
son, 1st, 2.50; Income of Jessup Fund, 150; Lynn, North 
2.50; Maiden, 1st. 150.75; Marblehead, 1st, 25; Medford, 
West, S. S. 5; Medway Village, Taft Offering, 18.48; 
Milford, 58. 11; Monson, 61.82; Montreal, H. C. Williams, 
10, Newton, Eliot. Ladies' Aux., 10; Eliot, 140; Newton 
Highlands, A Friend, 175; Northampton, Florence, 
30.40; Pittsfield, Mrs. Wasson, 10: South, 30.55; Ply- 
mouth, Pilgrimage C. E.,11.23; Quincy, Finn, 4.90; 
Raynham, North, 2; Reading, 22; Income of D. Reed 
Fund, 150.75; Somerville, Winter Hill, 19; South Fram- 
ingham, Grace, S. S., 5.32; Springfield, South, 19.33; 
Olivet, 14.65; Sturbridge, C. E., 10; Taunton, E. F. 
Delano, 5; Union, 32.09: Watertown, Phillips, 76.15; 
West Stockbridge, 1st, 5; Village Church, 16; Weymouth 
North, Pilgrim, n; Income of Whitney Fund, 100; In- 
come of D. Whitcomb Fund, 136; Income of J. C. 
Whitin, 160; Winchester, 1st, 167.32; Worcester, Pied- 
mont, 3; Plymouth, 76.65; Park, 5.50; Central Desig- 
nated for Andover School of Theology, 2.50; Boston, 
for Italian Children, 24.40; Ludlow, 1st, 7, for foreign 

work in Mass., designated for C. H. M. S.; Boston, 
West Roxbury So. Evang. 15; Lowell, Pawtucket, 
27.44; No. Andover, a member of N. A. Ch., 25. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Ella A. Smith, Ass't Treas., 
Salaries, for French College, 70; for Italian 
Worker, 35. 


Regular $2,596.90 

Designated for Andover Easter School 2.50 

Designated for Italian Children.. 24.40 

Designated for Foreign Work in Mass 7.00 

Designated for C. H. M. S 67-44 

W. H. M. A 105.00 

Home Missionary 1.50 

Total $2,804.74 

Receipts in July, 1905. 
Abington, 1st, 10.60; Amherst, South C. E. 5: Zion, 2; 
Andover, 25; Boston, Mary S. Bennett, 50; Boylston, 5; 
Dorchester, 2d. 10; Neponset, 18.43; Suffolk Bank, 
Liquidation, 3; West Roxbury additional, 2; Braintree, 
5; Bridgewater, Scotland. 5; Brockton, South Campello, 
117; Brookline, Harvard, 104.24; Cambridge, Pilgrim, 
34.46: Charlestown, Winthrop, 16.44; Chatham, a friend, 
25; Chester Center, E. S. Elder, 14.61; Chesterfield, 3.20; 
Chicopee, 1st, 18.27; Cliftondale, Mrs. Geo. P. Haywood, 
10: Cohassett, 2d. 15.20; Dunstable, C. E., 10; East Charle- 
mont, 22 30; Enfield, 40: Fall River, Broadway, 12.20; 
Fitchburg, Finn, 10.45; Foxboro, 50: Framingham, Ply- 
mouth, 27.25; Gloucester, Lanesville. 3; Greenfield, 2d, 
28; Hanover, 2d, 7.71; Leicester, 18.43; Maynard, 23, Finn, 
5; Methuen, 1st. 20.71; Middleton, C. E.. 1.80; Milton, 1st 
additional, 5; Monterey, 8.20; Philadelphia,Lilla M.Har- 
mon. 5: Pittsfield, 1st, 15 7g; Quincy, Finn, 4.80; D. 
Reed Fund, Income of,go:Rockport, 1st, 7; Z.A. Apple- 
ton, 5; Salem, Taberracle, 5.98, Crombie St., 25.78; 
Sharon, 3^.84; Sisters Fund, Income of. 120; South Fram- 
ingham, Grace, 164 33; Spencer, Mrs. Eliza Shumway, 
20; Mrs. Svbil A. Temple, 10: Springfield, Park, 11.53; 
Wall Fund Income of, 10: D Whitcomb Fund, Income 
of, 15; Whitman, 27 25; Whitney Fund, Income of, 100: 
Winchendon, North, 5.52; Worcester, Estate of Mary S. 
Minott, 1 000; Designated for Armenian work in 
Lawrence 50; Designated for Mr. Lee in Alaska: 
Boston, Dorchester, Village Church, Acorn Band, 
1.^7; Designated for work among children; Fitch- 
"burg, Rollston Junior C. E., 5; Designated for Rev. 
Mr. Long, Nogales, Arizona; Wellesley Hills, 14 40; 
Designated for C. H. M. S. ; Fitchburg, Rollston, 30.45. 


Regular $2,469.32 

Designated for Armenian work 50.00 

Designated for work among children 5 00 

Designated for Mr. Lee in Alaska 1.37 

Designated for Rev. Mr. Long, Nogales, Ariz. 14.40 

Designated for C. H. M. S 30 45 

Home Missionary 1 00 

Total, ...$2,57154 

Receipts in May, 1905. 
Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 
Bloomfield, 8.16; Canterbury, 2; Chaplin, for C. H.M. 
S., ii. 25; Collinsville, Swedish, 12; East Norwalk, Swed- 
ish, 4; East Windsor, 25, Falls Village, 2.15; S. S. for C. 
H. M. S., 2; Granby, South, 5.60; Greenwich, 1st, 15; 
Groton, 15.05; Hartford, 1st. for C. H. M. S., 147.97; 
Farmington Ave., 65.20; Windsor Ave., for C. H. M. 
S., 5.77; Mansfield, 2d, 5.64; Meriden, 1st, 300: Cheerful 
Givers, for work among Italians, 30; Middlebury, 2; 
Middletown, 1st, 19.72; L. H. M. S., 1; Montville, 1st, 
7.85: New Haven, Redeemer, 34.35; for Italian work, 
25;' New Milford, Sr. C. E., 5; Niantic, 5.60; Northfield, 
6.85; Old Saybrook, 7.57; for C. H. M. S., 7.56; Redding, 
?.Q4; Simsbury, 10.40; Waterbury, 1st, 95.61; 2d, for 
Italian work, 20; Westford, 5; Winsted, 2d, 177.39; Wood- 
stock, 1st, 15.57; W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. Geo. 
Follett, Secretary; Berlin, L. A. S., Special, 52.75; 
Stonington, Agreement Hill Soc, for work among 

foreigners, 10. Total ..-$i, 169.95 

M. S. C $995.40 

C. H. M. S 174.55 

_f $1,169.95 



Receipts in June, 1905. 

Berlin, 17,25; Black Rock, 14; Brauford, 21.50, for C.H. 
M. S., 21.50; Bridgeport, 1st, 52.03; ad, C. E., 1.04; 
Swedish, 7.80; Cornwall, 2d, 34.25; Ellington, 54.25, for 
C.H.M.S .st-. 11 '; Exeter, 14.17; Green's Farms, 17; Guilford, 
1st, 25; Milton, 3.50; New Haven, Redeemer, for Italian 
work, 25; New Milford, i)i..7i; Portland, 1st, .:i. 68; River- 
ton, 12; Roxbury, 5.80; Scotland, 1; Shelton, S. S., 
Tliomaston, 1st, for C. II. M.S., 9.10, Westchester, 3; West 
Haven, 1st. 7.05; Winsted, 1st, 54.96. 

W.C.H.M.U. of Conn., Mrs. Geo. I'ollett, Secretary, 
Griswold, L. II. M. S., 5; Groton, Aux., io; North Wood- 
stock, 1 1. M.S.. 2; Portland, United Workers, 25; Leban- 
on, H. M. S.,12, all for work among foreigners; Nor- 
wich, Broadway, I.. 11. M. S., The Misses Norton, 

Special, 365. " Total $1,021.18 

M. S. C $936.32 

C. H. M. S 84.86 


Receipts in July, 1905. 
Berlin, Italian Mission, 3.55; Chester, 17.20; Cornwall, 
2nd, 1; Danielson, 28.34; for C. H. M. S., tq 26; Durham, 
10.50: for C. H. M. S., 10.50; Essex, 40; Fairfield, 07 75; 
Goshen, in Lebanon S. S.. 6.24; Greenwich, North Green- 
wich, 9.7'); Hartford, 1st, 124.59; S. S., 11.17; Talcott 
Street, 5; Kensington, Special for Italian work. 15; 
Litchfield, 1st C. E., 10 70; Meriden, Center, 50; Middle- 
town, 1st, 13 38; New Haven, Humphrey Street, 59 13: 
Plymouth, 28 io; Redeemer, for Italian work, 25; 
Salem, 55.67; Sharon, 16.56; Suffield, 1st, in full to con- 
stitute Mrs. J. A King of Surfield an H. L. M.. 25.62; 
Trumbull, 1 4. S.»: Union, 10; Warren, 14; Watertown, S S., 
18.4S: West Hartford, 1st, 46; Williamsville, 6; C. E.. 3: 
Windsor, 1st, 9 86; W. C. H. M. U. of Conn.. Mrs. Ceo. 
Pollett, Secretary, Hartford 1st, S. S. Home Depart- 
ment, for work among the Italians in Conn., n.80; 
Suffield, H. M. S., 25. Congregational Union of New 
Haven, 50. Total $863.06 

M. S. C $833.30 

C. H. M. S 29.76 

Total $863.06 


Receipts in May, June and July, 1905. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer, New York. 

Black River and St. Lawrence Assn. 10; Brooklyn, 

Borough Park, 4.50; German- American, 5: Manhattan 

Terrace, 10; Buffalo, Fitch Memorial, 14; Pilgrim, 10; 

Cortland, East side Chapel, 5: Great Valley, E. H. Hess, 

10: Middletown, 1st. 34: Moriati, Estate of Mrs Cyrenus 

Reed, 10; New York, Finnish, 10: Miss F. V. Tyler, 1; 

H. D. Burnham.M D., 3; Moravia. Carrie L.Tuthill,io; 

Riverhead, Mrs. David H. Young, 5: Rockaway Beach, 5: 

Rodman, q: Rutland. Mrs. A. Frink, 5: Savannah, tl '■ : 

Sloan, 9.75; Walton, Infant Class, 5; West Danby, 5; West 

Groton. 16.60; West Winfield, 41.50; White Plains, 225.61: 

For other July receipts of the 1 
see October H 

W. II. M. TI. as follows: Briarcliff Manor, W. M. S., 25; 
Brooklyn, Central, L. P. S., 25: Clinton Ave., L. B. S. . 
50; Tompkins Ave. Primary S. S., 5: Candor, L. M, S., 
Cortland, \V. M. S.. 25; Elmira, S. S., ,,,; M. S., 
40; Greene, M. l'., 7 . s 8;Mt. Vernon, \V. M.S., 1.1: Pulaski, 
Mrs. A. (',. \\\, s ; Richmond Hill, S. S.. ; W. II M. U., 
459-87. Total $1 1 


Receipts in May, 1905. 
Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 
Ashtabula, 2d, 15: Belpre, 10; Cincinnati, Storrs, 2.50; 
Elyria, 1st, .'3 75; Fairport Harbor, 4.50; Hudson, ,/,. =;,; 
Kelloggsville, 4.85; Mansfield, 1st, 83.15; .Mayflow 1 
Paintsville, 1st. special, 5; Toledo, Mayflower, .■; Well- 
ington, |..; Seen tarj , Pulpit Supply, 8. 

Total.. - 

Receipts in June, 1905. 
Ashtabula, Finnish, 5; Cincinnati, Lawrence st, 5; 
C. T.., 5; Jr. C. E., 10; Cleveland, Hough, 50.17; Lake- 
view, 5; Park, 9.50; S. S., 5; Lawrence) 4; Marietta, 
Rainbow Branch, 4.91; Wayne Branch, 1.75; Oberlin, 
2d, 19.63; Radnor, 15; C. B., 5; special 5; Steubenville, 
13. )3; Toledo, Washington St., 24.70. Total $187.99 


Receipts in May, 1905. 

Mrs. George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo. 

Austinburg, W. M. S., 3, Cincinnati, Vine St. W. M. 

S., 10; Cleveland. Euclid Ave. W. A.. 14; V. I, M. s., 

8.40; Pilgrim W. A., 6.06; Collinwood, W. M. S 

Kent. W. M. S., 2, Lorain, 1st, W. M. S., 8.50; Newport,' 

Ky., 5; N. Fairfield, W. M. S.. 1.75; Sullivan, 5; Toledo, 

Plymouth W. M. S., 5; Washington St. W. M. S., 

26.26. Total $97-77 

General Total $338.06. 


Receipts in May, 1905. 

Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treasurer, Greenville. 

A Friend, 1; Hudson, W. M. S., 6; Interest, 3.48- 

Jackson, 1st. W. H. M. S., 12; 01ivet,W. H. M. S., an 

"Easter Offering;" 37.72; Pontiac, Cong'l Miss. Soc, 

11.25; Prattville, L. A. S., a Freewill Offering, 1.60; 

Rodney, "Penny a week Mission,'' 2.43; Watervliet, W. 

H. M. S., 2.50. Total $77.98 

Receipts in June, 1905. 

Allendale, W. H. and F. M. S., 10; Ann Arbor, W. II. 
M. S., 56.55; Detroit, Prewester W. Assoc, 10; North 
Ch. Union, 3.80; Eaton Rapids. W. M. S.. 5; Grand Rap- 
ids, Smith Memorial W. M. S. 5; Interest, 120; Michi- 
gan Center, W. H. S., 3; Moline, L. M. S., 6;, Olivet, W. 
II. M. U., 2.50; Red Jacket, W. M. S., ti.20; Traverse 
City, W. H. M. S., 25. Total $258.05 

Wational Society an if . luxiliaries 
ome Missionary 

Rudolph Lenz 


62-65 Bible House 
New York 



1, NEW HAMPSHIRE, Female Cent. Institution, 
organized August, 1804; and Home Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1890. President, Mrs. James Minot, 
Concord; Secretary, Mrs. M. W. Nims, 5 Blake St., 
Concord; Treasurer, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 
N. Main St., Concord. 

2, MINNESOTA, Woman s Home Missionary Union, 
organized September. 1872. President, Miss Catharine 
W. Nichols, 230 E. 9th St., St. Paul; Secretary, 
Mrs. J. E. Truesdell,i9ioDupont Ave., South. Minne- 
apolis; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Northfield. 

3, ALABAMA, Woman's Missionary Union, organized 
March. 1877; reorganized April, 1889. President, 
Mrs. M. A. Dillard, Selma; Secretary, Mrs. E. Guy 
Snell, Talladega; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Horney, 425 . 
Margaret Ave., Smithfield, Birmingham. 

certain auxiliaries elsewhere). Woman's Home 
Missionary Association, organized February, 1880. 
President, Mrs. Wm. H. Blodgett, 645 Centre St.. 
Newton, Mass.: Secretary, Miss. L. L. Sherman, 607 
Congregational House, Boston; Treasurer, Miss Lizzie 
D. White, 607 Congregational House, Boston. 

5, MAINE, Woman s Missionary A uxiliary, or- 
ganized June, 1880. President, Mrs. Katherine B. 
Lewis. S. Berwick; Secretary, Mrs. Emma C. Water- 
man, Gorham; Treasurer, Mrs. Helen W. Hubbard, 79 
Pine St., Bangor. 

6, MICHIGAN, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1881. President, Mrs. C. R. Wilson, 
65 Frederick Ave., Detroit; Cor. Secretary, Mrs. Percy 
Gaines; 298 Hudson Ave., Detroit; Treasurer, Mrs. E. 
F. Grabill, Greenville. 

7, KANSAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October, 1881. President, Mrs. J. E. Ingham, 
Topeka; Secretary, Mrs. Emma E. Johnston, 1323 W. 
15th St., Topeka; Treasurer, Mrs. W. A. Sloo, 1112 W. 
13th St., Topeka. 

8, OHIO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May, 1882. President, Mrs. C. H. Small. 
"The Republic," Republic St., Cleveland; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. B. Brown, 21 16 Warren St., Toledo. 

9, NEW YORK, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. William 
Kincaid, 483 Greene Ave., Brooklyn: Secretary, Mrs. 

. Howard F. Doane, 252 West 104th St., New York 
City; Treasurer, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 153 Decatur St., 

10, WISCONSIN, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October. 1883. President, Mrs. T. G. Gras- 
sie, Wauwatosa; Secretary, Mrs. J. H. Dixon, 1024 
Chapin St., Beloit; Treasurer, Mrs. Erastus G. Smith, 
649 Harrison Ave., Beloit. 

11, NORTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized November, 1883 President, Mrs. E. 
H. Stickney, Fargo; Secretary, Mrs. Silas Daggett, 
Harwood; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Fargo. 

12, OREGON, Woman' s Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized July. 1884. President, Mrs. E. W. Luckey, 
707 Marshall St., Portland; Cor. Secretary, Miss Mercy 
Clarke, 395 Fourth St.. Portland; Treasurer, Mrs. C. 

F. Clapp, Forest Grove. 

13, WASHINGTON, Including Northern Idaho, 
Woman's Home Missionary Union, organized July. 
1884; reorganized June, 1889. President, Mrs. W. C. 
Wheeler, 424 South K. St., Tacoma; Secretary, Mrs. 
Herbert S. Gregory, Spanaway; Treasurer, E. B. Bur- 
well, 323 Seventh Ave., Seattle. 

14, SOUTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized September, 1884. President, Mrs. H. 
K. Warren, Yankton; Secretary, Mrs. A. C. Bowdish, 
Mitchell; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Loomis, Redfield. 

15, CONNECTICUT, Woman's Congregational Home 
Missionary Union 0/ Connecticut, organized January, 
1885. President, Mrs. Washington Choate, Green- 
wich; Secretary, Mrs. T. C. Millard, 36 Lewis St., 
Hartford; Treasurer, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, 530 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartford. 

16, MISSOURI, Woman' s Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. M. T. Runnels, 
2406 Troost Ave., Kansas City; Secretary, Mrs. M. S. 
Manning, 2203 Elma Ave., Kansas City; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. D. Ryder, 2524 Forest Ave., Kansas City. 

17, ILLINOIS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. B. W. Firman, 
1012 Iowa St., Oak Park; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 

G. H. Schneider, 919 Warren Ave., Chicago; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. O. Whitcomb, 463 Irving Ave., Douglas 
Park .Station, Chicago. 

18, IOWA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized June, 1886. President, Mrs. D. F. Bradley, 
Grinnell"; Secretary, Mrs. H. K. Edson, Grinnellj 
Treasurer, Mrs. T. O. Douglass, Grinnell. 

19, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized June, 1887. President, Mrs. 
F. B. Perkins, 600 Seventeenth St., Oakland; Secretary, 
Mrs. E. S. Williams, Saratoga; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. 
Haven, 1329 Parrison St., Oakland. 

20, NEBRASKA, Woman's Horn e Missionary Union- 
organized November, 1887, President, Rev. Laura H 
Wild, 1306 Butler Ave., Lincoln; Secretary, Mrs. H 
Bross, 2904 Q St., Lincoln; Treasurer, Mrs. Charlotte 
J. Hall, 2322 Vine St., Lincoln. 

21, FLORIDA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized February, 18S8. President, Mrs. S. F. Gale, 
Jacksonville; Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Edmondson, Day- 
tona; Treasurer, Mrs. Catherine A, Lewis, Mt. Dora. 

22, INDIANA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1888. President, Mrs. W. A. Bell, 121 1 
Broadway, Indianapolis; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
Anna D. Davis, 1608 Bellefontaine St , Indianapolis. 

23, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized May, 1888. President and 
Secretary, Mrs. Kate G. Robertson, Mentone; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. Katharine Barnes, Pasadena. 

24, VERMONT, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1888. President, Mrs. Rebecca P. 
Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury; Secretary, Mrs. C. L. Smith, 
159 Pine St., Burlington; Treasurer, Mrs. C. H. Thomp- 
son, Brattleboro. 

25, COLORADO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1888. President, Mrs W. E. Let- 
ford, Longmont; Secretary, Mrs. Burke Turrell, Long- 
mont; Treasurer, Miss I. M. Strong, P. O. Box 177, 

26, WYOMING, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May, 1893. President, Mrs. P. F. Powelson, 
Cheyenne; Secretary, Mrs. H. B. Patten, Cheyenne; 
Treasurer, Miss Edith McCrum, Cheyenne. 

27, GEORGIA, Woman 's Missionary Union, organized 
November, 1888; new organization October, 1898. 
President, Mrs. H.,H, Proctor. Atlanta; Secretary, Miss 
JennieCurtiss, Mcintosh; Treasurer, Mrs. H. T. John- 
son, Rutland. 

29, LOUISIANA, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized April, 1889. President, Mrs. L. St. J. Hitch- 
cock, 2436 Canal St., New Orleans; Secretary, Mrs. A. 
L. DeMond, 222 S. Roman St., New Orleans; Treasurer, 
Miss Mary L. Rogers, 2420 Canal St., New Orleans. 

Woman's Missionary Union 0/ the J ennessee Associa- 
tion, organized April, 1889. President, Mrs. G. W. 
Moore. 926 N. Addison Ave., Nashville, Tenn.; Secre- 
tary, Mrs. J. E. Smith, Chattanooga, Tenn.; Treasurer, 
Mrs. J. C. Napier, Nashville. 

31, NORTH CAROLINA, Woman's Missionary Union. 
organized October, 1889. President, Mrs. C. Newkirk, 
Mooresville; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. H. R. 
Faduma, Troy. 

32, TEXAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized March. 1890. Secretary, Mrs. Donald Hinck- 
ley. Dallas; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Geen. Dallas. 

33, MONTANA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1890. Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. W. 
S. Bell, 6n Spruce St., St. Helena. 

34, PENNSYLVANIA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1890. President, Mrs. E. E. Dexter, 
Philadelphia; Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Chapin. Wil- 
liamsporc; Treasurer, Mrs. David Howells, Kane. 

35, OKLAHOMA, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October 1890. President, Mrs. O. W. Rogers, 
Medford; Secretary, Mrs. C. M. Terhune, El Reno; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Cora Worrell, Pond Creek. 

36, NEW JERSEY, Including District of Columbia, 
Maryland and Virginia. Woman's Home Missionary 
Union 0/ the Nriv Jersey Association, organized 
March, 1891. President, Mrs. John M. Whiton, Plain- 
field; Secretary, Mrs. Allen H. Still, Westtield; 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. A. L. Merrifield, Falls Church, Va. 

37, UTAH, Including Southern Idaho. Woman's 
Missionary Union, organized May, 1891. President, 
Mrs. C. T. Hemphill, Salt Lake City,Ut<)h; Secretary, 
Mrs. L. E. Hall, Salt Lake Citv, Utah; Treasurer, Mrs, 
A. A. Wenger, 563 Twenty-fifth St., Ogden, Utah; 
Treasurer for Idaho, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatello, Idaho. 

41, IDAHO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized 1895. President, Mrs. R. B. Wright, Boise; 
Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Mason, Mountain Home, Treas- 
urer, Mrs. G.W. Derr, Pocatello, Idaho. 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Fourth Wenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N, Y. 

Henry C. King, D.D., President 
h K. Clark, D. D., Washington Choatk, D.D., 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shklton, Associate Secretary 
William B.-Howlanu, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 

Watson L. Phillips, D.D., chairman Rev. Livingston L. Taylor, Recording Secretary 
Timm/.h C. MacMillan S. P. Cadman, D.D. West 

rd N. Packard, D.D. Prank L, Goodspeed, D.D George P. Stockwell 

William h. Dolman Sylvester h, Cartek Rev. Henry )( 

William 11 Wanamakkr GEORGE W. Hkharu 

Field Secretary. Rp.V. W . G pi ottth Framinghai 

1'itld Assistant, MISS M. [)l 


Morit7, E. Eversz, D.D., German Departmi nt. 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 
Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn, 
Slavic Department, Cleveland, < il 

D.' Curtis, D. D. ..Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. (i. |. Powell . Fargo, N. Dak 

i de, D.D Jacksonville, Fla. Rev. II. Sanderson. I lenver, Colo. 

Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. I). Kingsbury, D.I). (New Mea 

I K. Wray, D.D.. Carthage, Mo. Arizona, Utah and Ida 

V. W. Soudder, Jr... West Seattle. Wash. Salt Lake City 

.1'.. D. Cray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. lohn L. Maile Los Angel 

:i Bross, ]>.]> ._ ..Lincoln, Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp ..Forest Grovi 

T. Clarke Fort Payne. Ala. Rev. Charles A. penes, .,1.1 South ila.. Pa. 

15. Jenkins, D.D... Atlanta, Ga. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Tex. Rev. \. Homer Parker Kingfisher, okla. 

W. H. Thrall, D.D Huron, S. Dak. Geo. L. Todd, D.D. Havana 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

harles Harbutt, .Secretary Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

Hubbard, Treasurer " " . Bangor, Me. 

T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society .Concord 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer " " " " N.H. 

les H. Merrill D.D., Secretary. .Vermont Domestic *' St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Richie, Treasurer " " " " ..St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

mrich, D.D., Secretary " •• ng'l House, 

;hua Coit, Treasurer - '■ «* " j Boston, Mass.' 

f. H. Lyon, Secretary Rhode Island " " " Central Falls. R. 1. 

m. Rice, Treasurer •.. " " " " " Providence, R. 1 

.Missionary Society of Connecticut ! . < I. Conn. 

.. I in tford, Conn. 

LNew York Mom. Missionary Society, FeurtH Ave. and j.^d St., New York 
Pitch, Treasurer " " " Fourth Ave. and 22d St. .New York 

larles H. Small, Si Ohio " " Cleveland, Ohio 

harles H. Small, Treasurer " " Cleveland, Ohio 

retary Illinois " " " Ms^LaSal 

. Iliti, Treasurer " " " Chicago 

1 W. Carter, ]). I)., Secretary.. Wisconsin " " Beloit, Wis 

lackman, Treasurer.. " " " " Whitewater, Wis. 

'ouglass, D.D., Secretary Iowa " " 

1. D. Merrill, Treasurer " " " " - - Des Moines, Iowa 

im H.Warren. D.D., Secretary Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

nn 1'. Sanderson, Treasurer. " " " " insing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry 15. Thayer. Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society... Topeka, Kaij. 

Bowman, Treasurer " " " oka, Kan. 

K. Harrison, Secretary.... .California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, Cal. 

'Geo. H. Morgan, S regatibnal Glty Missionary Society.. St. Louis, Mo. 

BAv.W. W. Newell, Superinteji " " " St. Louis, Mo, 

E. Snow, Treasurer.. " " " St. Lou 

JoelS. Ives, Secretary 

(1 W. facobs, Treasurer. ... 
C. W. Shelton, Secretary... 

LEGACIES The following form may be used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the suwi of dollars, in trns', to pay over the same in 

months after my decease-, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

■ ighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

. and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 

Honorary Life Member. 



Absolutely Pure 




50 Cents a Year 


i. x \ • \ 








- 1 

N I: W "» ( ) K K 

Entered at the Posv-C 



Kj KJ IN 1 JL IN 1 O , 

* For O G TO B E R, 1905. ,. i« 


Miss Olive G. Gibson -. . ■.■■-. ■ . . J5J 


Rev. E. Dudley Parsons . . , . ''" . . . 158 

EDITOR'S OUTLOOK • ~. . .T . . . . 162 • 
The Home Missionary Revival — Special Attention— Seventy-ninth Year 

WANTED— MONEY AND MEN. J. D. Kingsbury, D. D. . . 165 

EVANGELISM AND BENEFICENCE. Rev. C. Addison Northrop . 166 

OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE, Conducted by Don O. Shelton 

Observations . . ...•".. ... .- . . ♦ 167 

Home Missions and Patriotism, Professor Amos R. "Wells . .168 
Home Mission Aphorisms. J. A. Shedd . . ♦ .169 
Reminiscences of Joseph Ward. Rev. E. D. Disbrow . . . 170 
Layman's Part in the Spiritual Awakening. J. C. Sherburne . . 172 

FROM THE FRONT LINE ... . . .174 

A Prize Creed — Continued Progress at Matanzas — A Breath from the 
Spirit— In the Path of the Tornado^Going to Church — Valuable 
Fruit— A Lesson from the Garden — Jerome Once More — Capturing a 
Church — Light and Shade in the Spanish Work — Growth Under 
Difficulties— A Trial of Faith. . 

GLEANINGS . ' . "). . K . . . 177 



The Sunnyside Missionary — An Historical Society — 
The Connecticut Union 


PER YE A R j . F "i F T Y, C E N T.S 


Published monthly, except in. July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 






. . BY. . 

Don 0. Shelton 

The First Home Mission Text 

Book in the Foward 

Mission Study Series 

For Mission Study Classes 
in Young People's Societies 

For Women's Home Mission 

For General Reading 

302 Pages. Handsomely 
Bound. Illustrated. Cloth, 50 
Cents. Paper, 35 Cents. Postage 
10 Cents Extra. 

Just now, when the attention of the world is focused 
on Oregon ond Marcus Whitman, there is a growing 
appreciation of those rugged pioneers who coveted the 
western country for God. Don O. Shelton, who is held 
in such esteem in the Young Men's Christian Association, 
seized the right moment to present in "Heroes of the 
Cross in America," a group of biographies of five Amer- 
ican pioneer missionaries, David Brainerd, John M. 
Peck, Marcus Whitman, John L. Dyer and Joseph Ward. 
These men had the woods < tunning of Kit 
(arson, the faith ami endurance of Paul .and 
the loving spirit of David Ltvlngtone. It is a 
well written book, full of interest, as well as information. 
Frank W. Ober, Editor Association Men. 

The book is extremely interesting:. It 
will appeal at once to the general reader, 
j oung or old. because it has the human touch that 
ahvavs tells; and to those who make its subjects a 
study it will reveal the secret of true happiness, of ser- 
vice, and of nobility of character. Nowhere in the 
same number of pages can one find more 
matter that makes for righteousness, for true 
Americanism. Pastors who wish to awaken a re- 
vival spirit in their churches could not do a more ef- 
fective thing than to secure the reading by their members 
of such a book as this. — The Rev. Howard B. Grose, 
lull! e>-ia I Secretary Baptist Home Mission Society. 

A mission study text-book, but full of living 
human interest. Pastors and young people will find 
the volume an excellent basis for definite home mission 
study. — The Missionary Review of the World. 

It fills a long unoccupied place in our missionary 
literature. Its appeal to the heart along per- 
sonal biographical lines is at once direct 
and decisive. I shall certainly use it soon 
as a text-book with our young people. It 
ought to be in every Sunday school library. Every 
young people's society ought to secure copies and circu- 
late them among its members. — The Rev. Ernest 
Bourner Allen, Toledo, Ohio. 

Questions, literary references, and lists of topics 
for discussions make it a serviceable text-book. 
— The Outlook. 

The marginal titles are a great boon to students 
as well as to the general reader, while the questions 
for study following eaeh chapter invite and 
almost compel r a* careful 5 reading. — The Rev. 
Dr. J. B. Clark. Author of " Leavening the Nation." 



287 Fourth Avenue 






Secretary of the Congregational Home Missionary Society 

12 mo, illustrated, 362 pages, net $1.25 
Student's Edition, Red Paper Covers, 50 Cents 


"Will make a standard history of home missionary work. The book is popular 
in its style, and will be found to be extremely readable." 


"A valuable book written with the most generous spirit of love, not prejudice. 

JAMES S. DENNIS D.D., Students' Lecturer on Missions, Princeton, 1893 
and 1896. 

"I know of no book on Home Missions so informing and valuable to an earnest 
reader as 'Leavening the Nation.' A careful and thoughtful perusal cannot fail to 
put one into historic sympathy with the missionary enterprise, and awaken an intelli- 
gent comprehension of its immense import. It is a happy combination of history 
and heroism, and patriotism and pious achievement, of expansion in its best light, 
and the noblest aspects of the making of a great nation." 



287 Fourth Avenue, New York. 



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-37th YEAR- 


Vhen writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missiona* 



vol. lxxix OCTOBER, 1905 

No. 5 


By Miss Olive G. Gibson 

( )ne of their Teachers, Commissioned by the Congregational 
Education Society 

HE latter part of 
August we wrote 
to our people 
when to meet us 
at the railroad 
station and by 
way of postscript 
we told them to 
come pr e p a re d 
for a heavy load 
for we had grown 
corpulent during 

vacation. The dear child-like people 

made no allowance for hyperbolical 

language. So, early in 

the morning of the ap- 
pointed day there arrived 

at the station two driv- 
ers, two wagons and six 

horses, all for the express 

purpose of escorting two 

teachers home. After 

such a reception do you 

blame us for being proud? 

Solomon in all his glory 

was not more grandly es- 
corted than those Se 

boyeta teachers as they 

crossed the mountains 

that day. Though it 

took all day to make the 

trip our hearts were so 

light that time glided by 

unnoticed and it was 

only when we crossed the 

deep ruts that we were 

reminded of "all the ills that flesh 
is heir to." 

Our most restful moments during 
the summer vacation were disturbed 
by visions and nightmares of the 
scrubbing, whitewashing, house- 
cleaning in general, woodchopping, 
and water-carrying that awaited us 
on our return to our work. So 
imagine our delight on entering our 
mission home late Saturday night 
and finding the floors scrubbed, the 
walls freshly whitened, the ceilings 
washed, pails of fresh water on the 




an ounce of serpent outweighs 
a pound of dove. 

Our school work has not been 
hard this year, the entire enroll- 
ment being only eighty, much 
less than last year. This is 
because a large number of our 
children went away to school, 
some to the Indian schools, 
some to the mission schools of 
Santa Fc and Albuquerque. 


kitchen table and on our 
arrival a man came and chop- 
ped wood enough to last over 
Sunday. The next morning 
when we arose we found 
more fresh water and a bas- 
ket of luscious peaches await- 
ing us at the back door. 
Our dear Mexican women 
had done their best to make 
our home-coming pleasant. 
Our first day at home was the 
Sabbath, that day of rest, but 
it brought no rest to us, for we were 
supposed to be at home to our friends 
and we received one hundred and 
fifty visitors. We were glad to see 
our dear people again, and we were 
glad, too, when that long day was 

Trials of Affection 

We love our people and believe 
that they have some affection for us, 
but we have been severely tried by 
some that we love most. It was 
hard to be patient when one dear 
Dona brought us a stew of "chile 
Colorado" (red pepper) and abducted 
in exchange our flat irons and spoons. 
It was hard to emulate Job when 
Don Hernandes appropriated our 
wood one dark night and the next 
day borrowed our axe to chop it. 

Such experiences as these teach us 
that the successful missionary must 
possess the qualities of both serpent 
and dove, but there are times when 


We have conducted our Sunday 
school at the same hour throughout 
the year. The average attendance 
in the Sunday school has been thirty- 

The thought that one may be 
doing more harm than good in con- 
ducting a religious meeting when 
unprepared has always made it hard 
for me to lead a prayer meeting. 
To lead a prayer meeting every week 
in a foreign language has been more 
than hard. In spite of this fact our 
Wednesday evening services have 
become the very " apple of our eye." 
Knowing that a night meeting con- 
ducted by the teachers was a new 
feature in our work, at least in 
Seboyeta, it was with great fear and 
trembling that we announced our 
first meeting. We rang the bell, 
opened the doors, and with an 
attempt at bravery began the service. 
As we had feared our motives were 
misinterpreted. Though no one 


1 53 

entered we could see through the 
windows eyes galore glaring at us 
from the darkness. 

From the door we could see lines 
of men up street and down each in 
his turn trying to solve the mystery. 

There was one woman in the 
crowd. She had her little daughter 
on one arm and a lantern on the 
other. Thus for three or four weeks 
we conducted our prayer meeting 
with a large congregation on the out- 
side. But when they learned that 
our motives were not bad one boy 
had the courage to enter. The rest 
followed and since then we have had 
an average attendance of thirty. A 
few of our people take part in the 
services. Occasionally one young 
woman is willing to lead the meeting 
when we ask her. "We have so little 
time to prepare for these meetings, 
but we have a book, a story of the 
life of Christ, which has been a great 
delight as well as a help to us. It 
is written in English, but the lan- 
guage is so simple that it is easily 

translated into Spanish and told to 
the people. One night our congre- 
gation was composed of thirty five 
boys, between the ages of ten and 
seventeen. How we did sing! To 
be sure at times it seemed that no 
two of us had the same time or tune, 
but we sang and had a good meet- 

Though we have had no conta- 
gious diseases we have had a great 
deal of sickness and an unusually 
large number of deaths. At present 
our people are visiting diphtheria 
patients at Cobezon ; what the result 
of this visiting may be we shudder 
to think. 

As ever, in Seboyeta our severest 
trial has been the water supply. 
Last year, as many of you know, we 
searched over the hills and through 
the canons for sufficient clean water 
to make our tea and after having to 
give up the search we took the stag- 
nant water from the green pools by 
the wayside or borrowed from our 
Mexican neighbors. 


J 54 



Floods of Great Waters 

This year we have had an abun- 
dance of water, fresh from heaven, 
strained through cheese-cloth ceil- 
ing. Time after time have we had 
to close school and flee in search of 
a dry spot. AsTmany, times as we 
had to close school did our sym- 
pathetic, patrons turn out to fix our 
roofs, but the more they fixed the 
worse it grew until for sixteen nights 
we had no place to sleep. For ten 
consecutive nights we had no dry 
spot. We stretched.^ sheet above 
our bed which was some protec- 
tion in gentle showers,, but the bed 
itself was standing in water and 
our mattress was wet through. 

After such an experience do you 
wonder that one of us should get 
sick ? Do you think it strange that I 

took the "grippe," lost 
my voice and fell a 
speechless burden on 
Miss Davis who so pa- 
tiently and cheerfully 
administered to all my 
needs, taught both 
rooms of school, did 
all the housework, ad- 
ministered beef tea 
and medicine to the 
sick in town and en- 
tertained the solici- 
tous visitors? 

After a week of such 
frolic a settled rain 
came. And such rain I 
At one o'clock Miss 
Davis arose from her 
slumbers and sallied 
forth in search of a 
dry spot for her pa- 
tient. In a short time 
she returned saying 
she had found a place 
in the kitchen, but un- 
fortunately the dry 
place was only about 
three feet long and 
the patient five feet, 
but Miss Davis made 
a very comfortable 
bed of blankets and 
pillows and the patient was estab- 
lished with an umbrella over her 
head and a dish-pan on her feet, to 
catch the naughty drops, while Miss 
Davis went to the schoolrooms to 
look after the books. 

While she was gone the roof 
sprang a leak between the umbrella 
and dish-pan and for the second time 
in one night the patient was. washed 
out. When Miss Davis returned 
from the schoolrooms she fixed up 
the bed again, then crept under the 
kitchen table to spend her night's 
repose, but her hopes were blasted 
for she was soon washed out. Our 
house could not have been wetter had 
it been dipped to the bottom of the 
sea. And only those who have had 
some experience know how damp and 
cold an adobe house is when the ceil- 
ing, the walls and the floors are wet. 





The next morning, 
as ever, when it 
comes to the test, 
our Mexican people 
were loyal to us. 
The post-master 
came in, wrapped 
me in blankets, took 
me on his back like a 
little papoose and 
carried me to his 
home, where with 
two other families, 
ten in all, we shared 
a room just a little 
better than our own. 

What a picture we 
did present, as we 
passed down the 
street that morning, 
the longest way 
around, a little thin 
man with a little fat woman on his 
back ! And how thankful I was 
that there were no Kodak fiends in 
sight, but, alas! an artistic friend 
was in the back-ground who repro- 
duced the scene on canvas. 

The Departure 

The following night was spent in 
misery by all concerned. The next 
morning, fearing that death would 
be the result of another night spent 
in Seboyeta, we started in an open 
wagon, through cold wind and rain 
and mud that came almost to the 
hubs of the wheels, for Laguna, fif- 
teen miles away, to take the train for 
Albuquerque. But at Paguate, an 
Indian town five miles from Seboyeta, 
we fell into the hands of the Govern- 
ment doctor from Laguna and that 
"Good Samaritan, "Miss Dissette, 
who took us into her home and for 
two weeks your humble servant en- 
joyed that luxury, a dry bed and a 
dry house, where under the care of 
Doctor Jones, the Misses Dissette 
and Davis she rallied. To these 
three she owes her most profound 
gratitude for they really saved her 

Really this year's experience is 


enough to teach one 
that the good mis- 
sionary ought to be 
a mermaid. 

In the past our 
beloved Seboyeta 
either " achieved "or 
had " thrust upon " 
her the reputation 
of being the " most 
notorious spot in 
Bloody Valencia 
County." Whether 
she won her fame by 
fair means or foul 
may never be known 
but we do know that 
during the past nine 
months she has lived 
up to her reputation. 
Though our school 
has been smaller our 
work has been harder this year than 

It has not been what we have done 
but what we have not been able to 
do, that has exhausted us. Scarcely 
a day, never a week, has passed 
without some experience that threat- 
ened to crush us into black despair. 
Our work grows harder and the 
burden heavier as we learn the se- 
crets of the town. The responsi- 
bility of work grows so appallingly 
as we see our dearest children, the 
children on whom we have spent 
the most time and labor fall a prey 
to all that is loathsome. 

To be sure we try to console 
ourselves with the thought that we 
have a general influence on the town 
which may not be felt until years 
of patient toil; but this is consola- 
tion that carries with it no comfort. 
It brings no comfort when a crowd 
of our most promising sixteen 
year old boys, whom we have enter- 
tained nearly every evening for 
two years to keep them out of mis- 
chief, lie drunk on our steps until 
after midnight. It brings no com- 
fort when little girls of twelve are 
forced into lives of debauchery. It 
brings no comfort when a new saloon 



is perched up beside us and we can 
scarcely cross the street without 
stumbling' over the body of a 
drunken Indian. 

If the little boy lying drunk on 
the steps were your little boy or 
my little boy we would not be satis- 
fied with a "general influence on 
the town." If the poor little girl 
were your little girl or my little girl 
we would not be satisfied with a 
"general influence on the town." 
If the drunken Indian were your 
brother or my brother, your father 
or my father, we could not be satis- 
fied with "a general influence on 
the town." Our cry night and day 
would be, "Save my little boy! 
Save my little girl ! Save my 
brother ! Save my father ! " Were 
they our little boys and girls the 
thought of being satisfied with a 
general influence on the town would 
make us blush for shame and indig- 
nation. Well may our faces, well 
may the face of the whole Christian 
church scald with blushes until we 
have called down the promised power 
of God and have rescued these chil- 

Never has God promised us more 
power than we ourselves want. So 
we dare not be satisfied with a 
"general influence on the town." 

We must rescue the children of 
the present generation. We do 
not feel a great responsibility for 

the future, God will have some one 
else to take care of them. But we 
do feel responsible for the boys and 
girls of to-day, these precious little 
ones are clinging to our hands and 
crying for deliverance from bondage. 

" A child's sob in the silence curses 
deeper than a strong man in his 
wrath. " 

I would not have you think that 
this story is a discouraged wail, for 
we are not discouraged ! From the 
very bottom of my heart I believe 
that we nray have the power to res- 
cue these children of to-day, but our 
hope and only hope lies in getting 
our industrial school to supplement 
our day schools, and to send our 
children away from their home en- 

As we look back over the year 
with its heart-rending experiences, 
its harrassing trials there seems to 
be but one thought that has kept us 
from being crushed to the earth, 
that is, the thought that we have 
transplanted one little girl and that 
before her is placed the possibility of 
developing her God-given character 

We may talk all we like about 
God's money being hard to find ; 
when we are ready for it we can find 
it. The secret of our getting the 
industrial school lies concealed in 
two words: concentration and con- 




By Rev. E. Dudley Parsons. 


(i\ DECIDED that if the Mankato 
church was to save its life, it 
must lose it." So spoke Rev. 
Edgar L. Heermance to me when 
describing his scheme of rural home 
missionary work, after I had decided 
to cast in my lot as his associate. 
And from others I gradually got the 
rest of the tale — how this church, 
despondent, had appealed to Yale 
Seminary for a Moses to lead it out 
of its difficulties; how they had been 
given, not only a Moses, but a Joseph, 
" a man in whom the spirit of God 
is"; how he had come from a lux- 
urious home, the abiding place of 
three generations of cultured Christ- 
ians; and how he had labored to 
advance the cause of religion far out 
from a center that should glow with 
purpose. And as I heard and saw, 
I came to regard this man in the 
light of Chaucer's "pour persoun of 
the towne," who preached " Christes 
lore and his apostles twelve, but first 
he followed it himselve." 

So much for the man — now about 
the field. Mankato lies beautifully 
nestling in the valley of the Smoky 
Water, or Minnesota. In all direc- 
tions moraines lead up and out onto 
the sweeping prairie stretch that has 
done so much to win Minnesota her 
title of "The Bread and Butter 


State." German and Norwegian 
farmers, mostly Catholics and Luth- 
erans, hold imperial sway over these 
productive acres, yearly adding to 
their wealth. Here and there are 
groups of Easterners, remnants of the 
tribes that once poured in from 
New England and New York and 
then passed on to the wilder West, 
the true pioneers. And to these 
detached groups with such of 
the newer Americans who received 
him kindly, went Heermance on 
his wheel — the wheel that had 
carried him through the vineyard 
districts of France, over the 
Alps, into the fair Lavinian fields — 
establishing stations that, like our 
honored Independence Bell, should 
" proclaim liberty to the inhabitants 
thereof," speaking of things other 
than wheat and hogs and dollars. 

Three miles west of Mankato lies 
South Bend, the precursor of the 
city. Where once was a bustling 
village is now but a sad memory — 
and yet not so sad, for its daughter 
is one of the fairest of the North- 
west. Here in old war times the 
sturdy Welsh built a chapel and for 
years the faithful congregation wor- 
shipped therein. But removals, 
deaths and the vicissitudes of fate 
disorganized the lusty settlers so 
that up until a year ago, for 
over a decade the building, 
wrecked by time and storm, 
stood, a sorrowful monu- 
ment to the departed. 

Twelve miles southeast is 
St. Clair on the site of the 
old Winnebago agency. A 
straggling street, bordered 
by business buildings of 
strikingly various designs, 
affords a contrast to some 
fine residences and public 
buildings. It is picturesque 
to a degree found probibly 


J 59 

nowhere else in the state. There is a 
creamery of the best appointments, 
to which journey a hundred and fifty 
fanners, twelve stores and shops, 
including three saloons, a flour mill, 
a graded school and four churches — 
Catholic, Lutheran, German Evan- 
gelical and Congregational. 

Anent the latter hangs a tale. 
Before the coming of the Germans 
thirty years ago New Yorkers, rais- 
ing up the Christ of their fathers in 
this western wilderness, builded the 
stanch structure that still holds 

As at South Bend by reasonjof 
inadaptability of their religion k to 
western ideas, it failed and, except 
for the faithful journeys of the vet- 
eran Wilbur Fisk, who also was forc- 
ed to let go through stress of age 
and other work, for years it stood 
unused but for an occasional funeral. 
And about it was growing up a gen- 
eration without opportunity to hear 
religious instruction that they 
could appreciate, and without the 
chance to be trained by a resident 

Ten miles southeast of St. Clair, 
on a meadow, is the Freedom Con- 
gregational Church. Supported by 
stalwarts who have not seen fit to 
either die or move west, it has done 
a noble work especially under Mr. 
Fisk's administration extending over 
a period of twenty years. But his 
resignation placed it in a peculiar 
position as alone it could not support 
a pastor. So here was another prob- 
lem to be solved. 

Ten miles south of Mankato is 
Rapidan, with an elevator, store and 
hall, besides a Lutheran church to 
minister to the needs of the sur- 
rounding farmers. Here for some 
years an attempt had been made to 
provide a preaching service for the 
benefit of the younger element rath- 
er out of sympathy with the conserv- 
atism of their fathers. But little 
success had crowned these efforts. 

Six miles east of St. Clair is an old 

building once called the Alton Free 
Baptist church; four miles south is a 
school house in an eastern settle- 
ment; six miles north is another 
abandoned Baptist church. South 
of Mankato are two school houses in 
a district cut off by rivers so that di- 
rect communication with the relig- 
ious world outside is impossible. In 
all these places from the opening of 
the country there had been religious 
work of one kind or another carried 
on, often of the emotionally reviv- 
alistic type that brings a sad re- 

These, then, mark the field over 
which the pastor of the Mankato 
church rode and visited. Lifting up 
his eyes and gazing far, with the 
spirit of the old Jesuit explorers, he 
declared he must organize work 
which would bring to these Mace- 
donians the continued advantages 
which his townspeople enjoyed. 
And he would make these latter also 
so interested in putting forth an ef- 
fort, the results of which they could 
constantly watch, that their own 
church life should be stimulated. 
And as this came to mean more to 
them they would in turn mean more 
to those whom they served. It was 
a great experiment, for, besides a 
salary they could ill provide for 
the supportof this work, they pledged 
nine hundred dollars. 

How has it succeeded? The work 
was first organized with two Yale 
Divinity men in charge, as assist- 
ants of Mr. Heermance, during the 
summer of 1903. They were Messrs. 
Scott and Rhorabeck, the former 
being located at St. Clair, the latter 
at Rapidan. They covered all the 
territory they could. The liberal 
attitude coupled with the most 
dutiful and inspired service was 
agreeably noted by the people 
to whom they went. Both 

scholarly, yet good "mixers," they 
laid solid foundations for continued 

Mr. Heermance was unable to 

I do 


find anyone to take up the 
work until March 1904, when 
he presented the matter to 
me. It was attractive and 
so I settled at St. Clair, as 
assistant pastor of the Man- 
kato church. In the sum- 
mer Mr. Baldwin of Yale, 
came out to Rapidan and 
South Bend. While he 
hammered the old wreck into 
shape, "the Bishop," as we 
came to call our leader, paint- 
ed it (and himself) making it 
once more habitable. The 
scattered people of the 
district pleased with the 
chance to again enjoy re- 


means to keep open the 
stations west of St. Clair, 
except in the summer time. 
This season Mr. Siehl, of 
Carlton College, and Mr. 
Porter, a student for Ph. D. 
at Harvard University, have 
labored energetically, 
spreading themselves over a 
large area, and coming in 
touch with a goodly num- 
ber of people. Thus, while 
it does not seem best to inde- 
pendently organize these 
groups of people, they are 
brought into contact for a 
part of the year at least 


ligious exercise, subscribed 
toward the improvement 

At a dedication service 
held soon after, a feature was 
the singing in Welsh of the 
piece that had ushered in the 
first regime, by the same 
woman who had led it be- 
fore, assisted by her grand- 
children. A grateful audi- 
ence throughout the sum- 
mer marked the apprecia- 
tion Avith which the labors, 
of the two were received. 

Except for the Sunday 
school at South Bend it has 
not been possible to procure 




withthe sources of spiritual strength. 
More and more they are coming to 
appreciate the value of this; to re- 
cognize the Mankato church as their 
church and its pastor as theirs. 
They often call upon him for services 
of various kinds. So he has become 
a citizen of a world outside his im- 
mediate flock. 

As to St. Clair — because we con- 
centrate there, a permanent work, 
we feel sure, is established. In the 
sixteen months of my service I was 
pleased to drive over an extended 
territory to impress the "un- 
churched crowd" that they were our 
parishioners. In my buggy I often 
carried reading matter of various 
kind, for I found how barren of this 
so many homes are. In getting ac- 
quainted with these families, I my- 
self became broader in my views and 

In the village for a while we ran 
a free reading room and, after we 
lost our place, distributed our mat- 
ter from the church. We made the 
Snnday school a center of extensive 
operations, striving to teach the 
young the value of altruism as op- 
posed to self-seeking. Our boys' 
club was always appreciated and our 
social work was a builder for our 
church. The men, who always out- 
numbered the women in attendance 
at our evening services, rivaled them 
in their general efforts for our suc- 
cess. A little company, set apart 
as a branch of the Mankato church, 
was constant to draw the attention 
of the crowd to the importance of 
the church as a spiritual force, while 
the people generally came to look 
upon us as a fact instead of a flitting 
fancy. "We repaired and papered 
our building and came once more to 
a place of dignity in the community. 
Branching out from St. Clair I was 
able to reach the school houses to 
encourage them in their Sunday 
school work. 

At Freedom we organized a church 
social committee designed to pro- 
duce a deeper sympathy between the 
staid members and the careless out- 
siders. Saying to the former "be 

broader," and to the latter, "be 
more religious." 

In July of this year I was pleased 
to introduce to the people of this 
community "one of the best trained 
men the world can produce" as 1 
said, in the person of Mr. A. R. 
Brown, of Yale '05, and his cultured 
wife, of Oberlin '02. I am glad to 
note that they are taking hold of all 
the work in that spirit that makes 
for success. By their energies they 
are stimulating the people at St. 
Clair to desire an independent 
church, of Freedom, to build more 
nobly, and of the surrounding coun- 
try, to enter the church life. Both 
are musicians and institutional work- 
ers, practical and far-sighted. So 
my boys' club is to be a fife and 
drum corps, a girls' club has come 
into being and a general organization 
of the work is taking place. Their 
labors having a solid basis will pro- 
duce permanent results. With a 
new railroad to connect Freedom, St. 
Clair and Mankato, the two former 
churches will come into their own 
with enlarged opportunities. 

Briefly this is the story of the 
work of Mr. Heermance and his 
church in the last two years. In- 
stead of sapping its strength he has 
indeed injected new life into it. It 
is the center of the largest operations 
except those of Plymouth in Minne- 
apolis of any church in the state, 
and its membership is but one 
hundred and twenty-five. If it has 
given dignity to other places, it has 
gained for itself a respect which, as 
I have suggested, has made it more 
useful than ever. And it has come 
to love its pastor, tireless, practical, 
executive as he is, as well as spiritual 
leader, so that none of their compa- 
nies is complete without him. As for 
him — in his den he sits and studies 
and' writes and plans. And in the 
open air he wheels and plays tennis 
and curls. As Kipling says, he is a 
man in a world of men. The object 
of all his operations, physical, men- 
tal and spiritual, is to establish the 
kingdom of heaven just as widely as 
money and strength will permit. 


The Home Missionary Revival 

UNDER this title in the May, 
1904, Home Missionary, at- 
tention was called to the 
supreme need of a forward move- 
ment in home missions. The essen- 
tial conditions of any such revival 
as should be adequate to the need of 
the hour, were described. And it 
was especially insisted upon, that 
antecedent to any forward move- 
ment there must be a downward 
movement in the hearts of God's 
people, bringing them to a clearer 
vision of the meaning and the motive 
of the Great Missionary in His visit 
to this world, and to a fuller concep- 
tion of the missionary function of the 

Since that date a gentle but very 
gracious wave of spiritual influence 
has pervaded many of our churches 
east and west, marked, not so much 
by large additions to their member- 
ship, as by revived faith in the 
power of the gospel message, and by 
hopeful, often fruitful endeavors to 
bring unto men its saving help. 
The genuineness of the movement 
cannot be questioned, and it is the 
hope of many and the prediction of 
several leaders of vision that the 
coming winter is to witness an even 
greater awakening and more radical 

May this hope and prophecy be well 
founded ! For, much as we regret 
to say it, the movement of the past 
year does not seem, as yet, to have 
broadened, or deepened, nor even 
touched, the springs of missionary 
benevolence. On the contrary it is a 
startling fact that the three leading 
missionary societies of our church are 
to-day confronting debts or deficits 
amounting to an aggregate approxi- 
mately of $400,000 — and this, in spite 
of most careful management, some 
painful economies and most disas- 
trous retrenchment of their work. 

As regards the Home Missionary 
Society, its deficit of $180,000 is due 
in part to historic conditions that 
have been slowly gathering for many 
years, leading to frictions which 
have naturally checked the inflow of 
funds. The vigorous effort of the 
Society at Springfield to find a modus 
vivendi without friction, appears to 
have been generally accepted. Time 
must prove its value, but hope is 
strong that the changes proposed 
are to usher in a new day of home 
missionary prosperity. 

Nevertheless, the primary condi- 
tion of missionary development, 
home and foreign, is still lacking. 
The great missionary movements of 
the nineteenth century came to life 
in marked seasons of revival among 
the churches. From these followed 
consecration of self and property to 
the Lord's work, an evangelistic 
spirit that shrunk from no sacrifice 
in the support of the missionary or 
the society that sent him forth and 
a spontaneous response to every 
missionary appeal. What was thus 
born of the Spirit must live by the 
Spirit. Our shrunken and still 
shrinking streams of benevolence 
too truly tell the tale of a low relig- 
ious tide in the life of the churches 
still waiting for spiritual uplift. 

Meanwhile and always there are 
loyal givers who are never cast down 
and need no uplifting to quicken 
their faith. On this loyal band rest 
grave responsibilities. The coming 
winter and spring promise to be 
debt-raising seasons. How can they 
well be otherwise? Evidently this is 
a first duty, but there is another 
duty hardly second, namely, the 
support of the current work which 
must be sustained as if there were 
no debt at all. This brings a double 
burden upon a comparatively few 
givers. But will they shrink from 
the sacrifice when interests so great 
and so sacred are at stake? 



The Seventy-ninth Year 

What have the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society and its 
auxiliaries accomplished during the 
year from April 1, 1904, to March 
3 ] < J 9°5 ? 

Answer. They have supported 
1,796 missionaries. 

These have been employed in 46 
different states and territories. In 
Maine, 88; in New Hampshire, 53; 
in Vermont, 56; in Massachusetts, 
157; in Rhode Island, 14; in Con- 
necticut, 85; in New York, 71; in 
New Jersey, *n; in Pennsylvania, 
39; in North Carolina, 2; in Mary- 
land, 3; in Virginia, 2; in Louisiana, 
5; in Georgia, 43; in Alabama, 16; 
in Arkansas, 2; in Florida, 27; in 
Indian Territory, 6; in Kentucky, 

1 ; in Texas, 9; in Oklahoma, 39; in 
Tennessee. 2; in Ohio, 34; in Indi- 
ana, 24; in Illinois, 78; in Missouri, 
^7,; in Michigan, 81; in Wisconsin, 
68; Iowa, 86; in Minnesota, 98; in 
Kansas, 40: in Nebraska, 75; in 
North Dakota, 51 ; in South Dakota, 
79; in Colorado, 44; in Wyoming, 
12; in Montana, 15; in New Mexico, 
3; in Utah, 10; in Idaho, 17; in 
Arizona, 7; in North California, 46; 
in South California, 40; in Oregon, 
26; in Washington, 89; in Alaska, 

2 ; in Cuba, 7. 

How many of these men have 
ministered to single congregations? 
Answer, 1,045. 

How many have ministered to 
two or three congregations each? 
Answer, 474. 

How many have extended their 
labors over yet wider fields? An- 
swer, 262. 

In how many years could one man 
have done the work of these mission- 
aries? Answer, 1,298 years. 

How many congregations and 
missionary districts have been sup- 
plied by these missionaries? An- 
swer. 2,302. 

How many of these missionaries 
have preached in foreign tongues? 
Answer, 198 — 38 to German congre- 
gations; 92 to Scandinavian congre- 
gations; 22 to Bohemian congrega- 
tions; 2 to Polish congregations; 8 
to French congregations: 1 to Mex- 
ican congregations; 13 to Italian 
congregations; 6 to Spanish congre- 
gations; 6 to congregations of Finns; 
3 to Danish congregations: 8 to Ar- 
menian congregations and 1 to a 
congregation of Greeks. 

How many Sunday school and 
Bible class scholars are gathered to- 
gether at these mission stations? 
Answer, about 123,000. 

How many new schools were or- 
ganized by these missionaries during 
the year? Answer, 125. 

How many missionary churches 
report revivals of religion during the 
year? Answer, 134. 

What are some of the fruits repre- 
sented by numbers? Answer, con- 
versions, 125, 100, 70, 63, 60, 55, 52, 
50, 47- 

How many converts in all are re- 
ported by the missionaries of the 
Society? Answer, 4,800. 

How many were added to the 
churches? Answer, 6,616. 

How many of these on confession 
of faith? Answer, 4,180. 

How many new churches have 
been organized this year? Answer, 


How many have come to self-sup- 
port? Answer, 40. 
How many houses of worship have 
been completed? Answer, 49. 

How many parsonages have been 
built? Answer, 80. 

How many young men are prepar- 
ing for the gospel ministry? An- 
swer, 39. 

What has been the cost of this 
work for the past vear? Answer, 

Have the Congregational churches 
raised enough to pay for this work- 
Answer, they have not. They have 
suffered a debt of $180,698.97 to 



rest upon the treasury of the Na- 
tional Society. This money has 
been loaned to the Society and must 
be paid. 

What conclusions are inevitable 
from all these facts? 


1. The work of the Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society and 
its auxiliaries is a vast and wide- 
spread benefit to the entire nation. 

2. Its retrenchment at any point 
would be a positive loss of important 
agemies in the Christian civilization 
of America. 

3. All thoughtful lovers of their 
country will be ready by all reason- 
able sacrifice to unite in preventing 
so great a disaster. 

4. The first duty of the friends 
of home missions is to remove the 
burden of debt, and the second duty 
is to supply the treasury of the 
Society and its auxiliaries with a 
steady inflow of funds for the main- 
tenance and enlargement of Amer- 
ican Home Missions. 

Special Attention 

We commend to the special atten- 
tion of our readers one or two 
articles of the current number. 
The problem of outstations and 
neighboring churches in dying need 
of fellowship, is one to tax and that 
does tax many missionary pastors 
and their churches. Rev. E. D. 
Parsons contributes a graphic pic- 
ture of the situation at Mankato, 
Minnesota, and shows us how one 
difficult problem has been solved or 

has been put in the way of solution. 
His story is full of suggestion to 
churches of some strength which 
may be thus surrounded by neglected 
communities or discouraged house- 
holds of faith. What more gracious 
ministry can such a church attempt, 
both for its own good and its neigh- 
bors, than to stretch out the helping- 
hand of Christian fellowship? 

The readers of the Home Mission- 
ary have more than once been 
brought into touch with the hopeful 
spirit of Dr. Kingsbury, superintend- 
ent of Idaho and several empires 
besides. He is by nature an opti- 
mist of optimists. His communica- 
tion found on another page, was not 
written for publication. It is the 
outpouring of a burdened heart, in 
close touch with missionary needs 
among which he lives and moves, 
yet which he is forbidden so much 
as to lift his hand to help because of 
debts and insufficient receipts at 
New York. Added to the lack of 
money is the lack of men and the 
two are apt to go together. 
How long shall this cruel distress 
continue to wear out the bravest 
hearts among our missionary lead- 
ers and to withhold the bread of 
life from thousands who are perish- 
ing with hunger ! We have ventured 
to print Dr. Kingsbury's letter with- 
out his knowledge or consent, in the 
hope that through its atmosphere of 
mingled hope and despair our east- 
ern "friends may catch some true 
glimpse of the missionary situation 
as it is to-day. 



Bv Rev. J. I). Kingsbi ry. D.I). 

1AM on my way to Denver. I 
am after men. Several churches 
are in a critical state and great 
loss will come if there is an interval 
between pastorates. 

()ur beloved constituents do not, 
perhaps cannot, understand the 
growth that is inevitable in a good 
rield. Enlargement of the work is a 
natural ami unavoidable necessity 
and that is cause for thanksgiving, 

Take our work at Council, Idaho. 
The P. l\: I. R. R. went up from 
Weiser to Council — seventy miles. 
Council has a little cluster of shacks 
but is the terminal town. It would of 
necessity be the supply point for all 
the region. It is the gateway to the 
"Seven Devils*' and the Payette 
Lakes. We sent in Foster. He was 
a pioneer, versatile, robust with 
oourage, hope, grace, piety. Out of 
the rough heterogeneous population 
made up of prospectors, adventurers, 
etc., he gathered a church. 

The early work was heroic. It 
had elements of the frontier which 
were wild, picturesque, comic, tragic, 
but the little church grew and 
housed itself in a meeting-house and 
parsonage. It reached out with 
mission work to White School-house, 
Upper Valley, Mickey, Indian Valley 
i which had been organized before), 
Upper District, Midvale, Meadows, 
West District, Hornet Creek. Xo 
>ther denominations. It was our 
work. Foster was bishop of the 
realm and our Society was foster 
mother to the whole people. 

A little company of strong work- 
ers was trained in Council and the 
work was a model of Congregational 
organization, taking Methodists. 
Baptists, Christians and Nothingar- 
ians and fusing them into one body, 
with loyalty pi purpose building the 
Kingdom of Heaven. 

This country had an area of great 
size, fifty miles wide — seventy-five 
miles long — running into valleys, 
canyons, up the mountains, over 
table lands and the Central church 
ministers to all. Now the P & I. 
R. R. has bought rails and is extend- 
ing its road to Meadows and Largo 
and the country is alive with the 
stir and stimulus of enlargement. 

That work at Council, by pastor, 
by local workers under him, by 
trained workmen and women at 
Council, covers this whole territory. 

Foster the organizer, hero, pioneer 
and messenger of God to do the 
work of the Mother Missionary 
Society — a wonderful example of the 
need, energy, efficiency of the work 
we are doing — work which makes 
alive the dead wastes of the moun- 
tain and wilderness; work that has 
no ally, no competitor. The field 
is our own. To neglect it is to rele- 
gate the renewed realm to godless- 
ness and vice. Would God our East- 
ern friends could know the power, op- 
portunity, necessity of our missions 
in the new fields ! 

Now the tender pathos. "Minnie" 
the gentle, earnest, loving wife of 
Foster, through exposure in the rude 
shack where they lived and over- 
worked and her frail body worn by 
the hard service and long rides over 
the rude trails, grew faint, and sink- 
ing, gradually went through the 
golden gates before her life was half 

We buried her at Christmas time. 
The little camp and all the realm 
was in tears. Freighters, ranchmen, 
prospectors, miners, sheep herders, 
saloon men and Magdalens wiped 
away the fast flowing tears. Sweet, 
silent tribute to a sacrificing life, 
giving, serving and making the 
world better to the last. 



The little church was nearly built 
when she entered it the last time 
and sat for an hour in prayerful 
thought, her tears flowing freely be- 
cause she knew she might not see 
the dedication. There was a tender 
pathos in her words as she said : "My 
people will worship here in prayer 
and song." The little city was still 
on the day we buried her. Even the 
saloons were closed. Love ruled in 
all hearts. Tears flowed down 
cheeks of hardy men. Her death 
was a holy benediction. 

Foster with his four little girls 
lived and worked. Broken, weary 
but sustained, bearing up and going 
forward. He said, "I don't know 
how to preach sinc.e Minnie left me, 
but the people hold me up and say, 
'You never preached so well.'* 

Two years and his heart turns 
from the place. To him a change 
seems a necessity. Now this is one 
of the places I must fill. To vacate 
for a time is impossible if we hold 
the work. That is one example. 

Another is Huntington. You 
know it was three years ago in 
neglect and ruin. It has been 
steadily growing until now they are 

nearing self-support and are full of 
hope and trust and faith in God. 

They were so low that they yielded 
their house of worship to the use of 
the Methodists. But a faithful 
trustee made one condition that the 
preacher should not introduce Meth- 
odism. The crafty Methodist went on 
honestly for a time but when he 
thought the time was ripe, he said 
one day to the trustee: " Well, we 
might as well settle it now. Is this 
church to be Methodist or Congre- 
gational?" The trustee answered on 
the instant : " It is to be Methodist 
one day and after that Congrega- 
tional. You will give notice there 
will be Congregational preaching 
here next Sabbath!" "By whose 
authority?" said the Methodist. "By 
my authority " said the trustee. 
" And if you will not give the notice, 
I will give it myself." There was 
Congregational preaching from that 
day on. 

By happy coincidence that church 
with Eastern Oregon came under 
me at that time. The pastor now 
leaves Huntington. I must have a 
man. "Time would fail me " to tell 
of Ontario, Sandy, Challis. Potsi- 
maroi, Ulvsses and all the rest. 


By Charles Addison Northrop 

it looks as if the long stationary stream of giving 
would flow more freely if evangelists were to become 

Is not God's hand to be seen in the synchronizing of 




HOME mission study QBSERY 
is gradually coming 
to take its rightful place in 
the work of young people's socie- 
ties. The number of such classes 
promises to be much larger this 
year than previously. 

The Missionary Committee of the 
Philadelphia Christian Endeavor 
Union plans to give home mission 
study the right of way during the 
coming fall and winter. At the gen- 
eral fall conferences of the committee 
a prominent place in the programme 
was given to the discussion of the 
topic: "Why Study Home Missions." 
In New York City also home 
mission study classes will be formed 
by a very large number of societies 
and will begin their work early in 

Have you formed a home mission 
study class? 

Now is the opportune time. 

A text book is available. The 
"Helps for Leaders" are ready. 
The new home missionary library, 
the first of its kind to be published, 
can be secured. 

The Young People's Department of 
the Congregational Home Mission- 
ary Society will cheerfully furnish 
full information regarding literature 
and methods. 

Form a class for home mission 
study, even though but two or 
three members can be secured in the 

Such study will foster a deeper 
interest in the work of the local 
church. It will develop an inter- 
est in the broad work of the Chris- 
tian churches in America. It will 
strengthen and intensify the purpose 


of the individual Christian. 

It will lead to more consci- 
entious giving. 

In an illuminating article in a 
recent issue of the Christian Herald. 
Mr. John Willis Baer considers the 
subjects of emigration and immigra- 
tion. Mr. Baer desires that both 
these great problems shall be con- 
sidered not only seriously, but con- 
structively, by the governments of 
the world. He would be gratified if 
President Roosevelt should take the 
initiative in calling an international 
conference for the consideration of 
such important topics as the follow- 
ing, suggested by a writer in the 
Fortnightly Review. 

First. To encourage a high moral, 
physical, political, and educational standard 
of admission into any country. 

Second. To guard against the spread of 
disease from one country to another. 

Third. To check undue activity on the 
part of^transportation agents. 

Fourth. To maintain a world-wide sys- 
tem of police identification and restraint of 

Fifth. To persuade each nation to live 
up to its full responsibilities in the care of 
its deficients. 

Sixth. To induce the amelioration of 
politics or economic wrongs in given areas. 
Such influences are driving people from 
one country to another to the [discomfort 
of the latter. 

As a means of practically solving 
some of the leading problems con- 
nected with the great alien invasion, 
Mr. Baer suggests (i) a more careful 
distribution of the people who are 
coming to America and (2) aggres- 
sive evangelization. He closes his 
instructive article with these vigor- 



ous words: 

"Unless the question is thoughtfully 
•considered and the problem solved, the 
alien invasion into this country of ours 
'may be the rift within the lute, which 
slowly widening, will make the American 
music mute.' Instead, however, of placing 
undue emphasis on the menace of this in- 
vasion, I consider it a mission, not only for 
the loyal disciple of Christianity, but a 
mission of every loyal American. We must 
Americanize the immigrant, or he may 
Europeanize us. We must lift him up, or 
he may pull us down. Our hope lies in God, 
a strong heart, a clear head, and an out- 
stretched hand. Let the American people 
put their ears to the ground, and they will 
hear the tread of the feet of men and women 
from other countries in the world who are 
coming to our shores. Coming, to help 
make America a greater America ! Let us 
throw over them when they have been 
naturalized, the Stars and Stripes, and over 
Old Glory the blood-stained banner of the 
Cross. Let us give each ' newcomer ' a 
man's chance." 

knowing him, ends his 
article with these words: 


Those of us who have been long inter- 
ested in the missionary activities of our 
churches should thank God and take cour- 
age and go forward. This movement of 
the young people means great things for 
the future. We must prepare ourselves 
for some serious readjustments for they 
have visions that we have not had ; ideals 
that we have not reached are before them. 
They are striving to fulfill these visions 
and to realize these ideals. Some things 
that we have thought especially important, 
and perhaps have been so in the past, will 
be brushed aside. Paul found this true in 
his experience, but he rose, as we must, 
to the conditions essental to the coming of 
the Kingdom of Christ, and wrote: "For- 
getting those things which are behind," 
let us press forward to those that are 

At the closing session of the Home 
Mission study class at the Summer 
Conference at Silver Bay, Lake 
George, members gave expression of 
their estimate of the value of mission 
study. One said : 

Mission study is valuable because it helps 
us to lift our thought-life above the tread- 
mill of the commercial world ; to feel the 
importance of doing one's appointed work ; 
not for money, but for the joy of the 

Another e x- 
pressed her sense 

Rev. Dr. Charles J. Ryder, sec- 
retary of the American Missionary 
Association, contributes to the Sep- 
tember number of The American 
Missionary, an appreciative and 
commendatory article on the recent 
Silver Bay Missionary Conference. 
He keenly and 
intelligently sym- 
pathizes with the TTis hard to see how a man can be an G f the value of the 
young life of the *■ American patriot and not an enthusi= class, as follows: 
churches and sees astfor homemissions Study history and Through mission 

large possibilities you will find home missions bound up s tudy I have been 
in the movement with all that is noblest in our past- given courage to use 
for the arousing of Look around you and you will seethe 111 )' ? wn voice in 
deep missionary severest problems of the present. Scan P u 1C ' 

• 2 T t~ ll 3.S D" 1 V 6 11 111 t* 

interest a m o n g the future and you will see in home mis= & y[s[on of " ° portuni . 
young people. Dr. sions the only hope for our Country's t j es f or missionary 
Ryder, who is a continued safety and prosperity. These work. 
most helpful and noble men and women on home mission 3. It has made me 
highly valued fields have tasks as difficult as ever realize as never before 
friend to all young confronted a hero: Shall we not give ^Ah* Hving is on e 
people who have them all possible cheer and support?— f p rave r and Bible 
the privilege of Professor Amos R. Wells. study.' 


By John A. Shedd 
New York ( 'iiy 

Q-OD has packed /lis American storehouses with riches of righteous- 
ness for every foreign child of His, but a home missionary 
carries the key. 

There is no boundary line betxveen true patriotism and home missions. 

The United States census is both an aivful and an opportune home 
missionary argu went. 

"Home" to an American is wherever the flag flies. 

The small college is a great blessing; the parable of the mustard 
seed is still true. 

Ask yourself the question: "'If it ivere not for faithful mission 
zvork, somewhere, far aiuay; sometime, long ago, ivhat would I be 
to-day ?" 

We think that home missionaries are merely touching a few for- 
eigners; they really are handling the future of our whole country, a 
century in advance. 

Every foreigner coming Jure has a noble title and a rich inheritance 
awaiting him; he ought to become a Christian American, but lie has 
small chance of obtaining his rights unless a home missionary helps him. 

The church without the missionary spirit may not be 'dead, but it is 
sick; it needs the Great Physician. 

When the twentieth century says: "I am building a church and a 
school," I seem to hear the voice of the twenty- first century reply. 
" Thank you, you have saved me the trouble of erecting two jails. " 

If but few can be sowers in the fertile fields of missions, all can at 
least pay for a little seed. 

All honor to the Pilgrim Fathers of the past, but do not let us for- 
get the pilgrim fathers of to-day. 

Who will stand at the judgment and say: "lord. I gaze too much 
for Thy missions. ?" 

By Rev. Edward 

Farmington, New 



THERE is no better illustration 
of the variety of Christian 
apostleship than is to be seen 
in comparing the temperament and 
disposition of David Brainerd and 
Joseph Ward, the first and latest 
great American missionaries. 

A man of 
a ff a i rs, a 
man among 
men, and a 
prophet of 
in tense 
f a i t h in 
mankind as 
well as in 
God, was 
Dr. Ward. 
H i s con- 
stant prayer 
and desire 
was for 
God's king- 
dom here. 
The follow- 
ing texts 
were favor- 
ites of his: 
"Speak un- 
to Israel 
that they go 
f o r wa r d," 
" Go in and 
possess the 
land," "I 
Am hath 
sent Me. " ^ 
H i s great Jy* 
hopefulness n 
made him v 
i c with 
youth, and 

caused him to take intense interest 
in the business, social and state 
affairs in the new territory of Da- 

He believed in enjoying all that 

is good in this life, while he longed 

o: things better to come. His 

life companion and co-worker was a 
noble woman who was accustomed 
to luxury and the highest New Eng- 
land culture, and although their 
earlier work in Dakota was marked 
by great hardships, they knew als< 
how to endure luxury )so as no* I 

suffer from 
it. and how 
to use it in 
building up 
Rich art. 
music and 
lit er ature 
made their 
com mo d- 
ious home a 
deli ghtful 
place, where 
was realized 
in the high- 
est sense. 

knew how t o 
share the 
good things 
of life in an 
ideal way. 

Once while 
sitting in a 
chair lover- 
heard a re- 
puted infi- 
del say : "I 
take no 
stock in 
what i s 
tianity. but 
if Dr. Ward is a Christian I believe 
in that kind for while my family was 
sick with an infectious disease, no 
one came near us, but a person wh< i 
brought each day's supply of food 
to our back gate every night after 
dark, and it was sometime after we 




were released from quarantine, he- 
fore we knew our benefactor to be 
Dr. Ward." It was a typical com 
ment on the good deeds of Dr. 
and Mrs. Ward. 

Because of his breadth in religion 
several Catholics joined his church. 
This so troubled the local priest that 
he asked Bishop Ireland to send him 
a special mandate to stop his people 
from going to Dr. Ward's church. 
Now Bishop Ireland and Dr. Ward, 
each being statesmen and having a 
common interest in the development 
of the Dakotas, were great friends, 
so Bishop Ireland wrote back to the 
priest, saying: ''It is good for your 
people to go and hear Dr. Ward. 
You had better go and hear him 
yourself occasionally." I have seen 
on the same platform in his church 
in Yankton, Bishop Marti of the 
Catholic church and all the pastors 
of the other churches, likewise in 
the Episcopal church, Bishop Hare, 
with all the other pastors, brought 
together by President Ward to dis- 
cuss temperance and public purity. 

This broad interest made Joseph 
Ward very influential. When the 
people of South Dakota were ready 
to form a state, they placed him at 
the head of the committee to draw 
up the constitution. The citizens 
take just pride in their constitu- 
tion, as one of the very best. 

When they were to build a state 
insane asylum he was made a mem- 
ber of the committee to superintend 
the construction. The city of Yank- 
ton, wishing to secure the Chicago 
and Northwestern railway, made 
Dr. Ward chairman of the committee 
to purchase the right-of-way. And 
even when the State Agricultural 
Society held a fair in Yankton, not 
understanding Dr. Ward's principles 
they attempted to honor him, by 
making him a judge of the horse 
races. All these offices and honors, 
with many others, of great remunera- 
tion (not accepted) were not sought 
by him, but thrust upon him be- 
cause of the confidence the people 

had in his efficiency and honor. 

At times, when there was need, 
he would justly administer the fiery 
judgments of a prophet of the Lord. 
At the time when the governor and 
legislature of Dakota were unduly 
influenced to move the Capitol from 
his beloved city of Yankton to Bis- 
marck, on the following Sunday Dr. 
Ward preached to an audience, in 
which was ■ the governor, and the 
legislature, taking for his text, 
"Fret not thyself because of evil 
doers, neither be thou envious 
against the workers of iniquity. For 
they shall soon be cut down like the 
grass, and wither as the green herb." 

It is seldom that the scriptures 
are so published as the thirty-sev- 
enth Psalm was published in the 
papers the following Monday. It 
could be seen placarded all over 

Joseph Ward was an educator. 
He believed the school should go 
with the church. One of his first 
works in Yankton was to secure a 
school building, which I think was 
the first school building in the state. 
In this he was the first teacher. He 
was largely influential in getting a 
sixteenth of all the government land 
in the Northwest set apart for school 
purposes. Because of this, as you 
travel over that country, there are 
everywhere evident excellent school 
buildings, and the average salary of 
the school teacher, even now, is 
higher than in the older states. Dr. 
Ward was a great believer in educa- 
tion for two reasons: For a broaden- 
ing of soul, so one could appreciate 
life, and to equip the man for the 
fullest capacity of service. For the 
first reason, he caused vocal and 
instrumental music and art to be 
taught in the college, with science, 
literature and philosophy, not so 
much to develop musicians and 
artists, as to round out the whole 
man and make him efficient. Boys 
and girls of many nationalities were 
changed in character, from their 
crude and uncouth condition, to 

I 72 


refinement and culture fit to grace 
any parlor in the land. For the 
second reason, he caused them to 
look upon life as a great opportunity 
for service. He taught the young 
men and maidens who came under 
him, not to look for ease, and never 
to whine at hardship, and I cannot 
recall to-day a single man or woman 
who was educated under President 
Ward, who is living at ease or look- 
ing for a life of comfort, though 
many of them could do so. This 
view of life made him a great teacher, 
inspiring a spirit of world-wide 
sympathy and large purpose in the 
children of old Yankton College, 
who consider it an honor that they 
were privileged to live in touch with 
this great man. 

On the bell of Yankton College 

are engraved these words, by Rev 
Charles M. Sheldon: 

At morning, noon and evening dim, 

My voice shall sound 

The world around, 

Christ for the world, the world for Him. 

The young men and women who 
passed through that institution 
under Dr. Ward, had the same 
sentiment engraven on their hearts, 
for the motto of the college is: 
Christ for the world we sing 
The world to Christ we bring. 

(to forth with this inspiration and 
cheer, to fulfill a like sentiment 
uttered by our Master, to preach the 
gospel to every creature. The broad 
and deep influence of Joseph Ward 
gaining in impetus and volume with 
the added years is an answer through 
Jesus Christ to his prayer, "Thy 
Kingdom Come." 


By the late J. C. Sherburne, 
North Pom/ret, I 'ermont 

'"PHE gospel is the 
X word which I 

wish to bring to this 
conference; the gos- 
pel, the significance 
of which unlearned 
and ignorant men 
may comprehend and 
which the wise and 
learned and mighty 
men must receive as a 
little child in order 
to enter into the 
Kingdom of Heaven. 

The gospel is a free gift, its mystery can- 
not be studied out nor reasoned out nor 
comprehended. The gospel is the great 
leveler; upon its broad platform all men are 
free and equal. 

The preaching of the gospel is the most 
important work for the preparation of a 
spiritual awakening or revival of religion. 
The preaching of the gospel is the prepara- 

In the agricultural world to-day cultiva- 
tion of the soil occupies the chief place. 
Intense cultivation is the modern expres- 
sion. This is but a thorough preparation 
of the soil for a harvest. 

Two thousand years ago seeds were sown 
by the wayside and on stony places and 
among thorns, but they yielded no in- 

This article formed the substance 
of a memorable address by Mr. Sher- 
burne at Quechee, Vermont, on June 
7, 1905. During his impassioned 
appeal for heroism in Christian life 
and work he fell backward into the 
pulpit, dead. He was an aged, de- 
voted, and highly useful servant of 
Christ, and his last words contain a 
pathetic and unusually forceful mes- 
sage which needs to be taken to 
heart by the young people of the 

crease, because of the 
lack of preparation. 
The seed falling upon 
good ground gave an 
abundant h ar v e s t . 
The other sowing was 
a failure. 

Listen to a quota- 
tion which I make 
from a great religious 
journal of recent date : 
"' Wales is blessed 
with great evangelical 
preachers, and while 
they figure not in this great evangelical 
movement, they have prepared the way 
for it by their earnest, orthodox and faith- 
ful expository preaching." 

The laymen are responsible in large 
measure for the preaching of the gospel in 
the pulpit, or the lack of the preaching of 
the gospel in the pulpit. In conversation 
with the late Rev. C. S. Smith, for many 
years the very efficient secretary of the 
Vermont Domestic Missionary Association, 
I quoted this proverb, "Like priest like peo- 
ple." "No," he replied, "like people like 
priest." If the laymen hunger and thirst 
after righteousness, if the laymen look to 
the pulpit to be fed with the bread of life 
and are given a stone, the incumbents of 
such pulpits will find soon their occupation 



gone. " And a stranger they will not fol- 
low, for they know not the voice of stran- 

The layman is not only responsible for 
the preaching of the gospel in the pulpit, 
hut the direct command comes, " Go and 
tell what great things the Lord has done 
for thee." "Go ye into all the world and 
preach the gospel to every creature." 
"And they shall hear my voice." Living 
the gospel is probably the most effective 
way for the layman to preach the gos- 
pel for preparation for a spiritual awak- 

'The laymen are a mighty force for the 
advancement of Christ's kingdom on the 
earth, because they are strong in numbers, 
they embrace all classes, they support the 
institutions of the church. They build the 
churches and the parsonages and pay the 
salaries and support the missionary enter- 
prises at home and in the dark corners of 
the earth. Abraham Lincoln said: "The 
Lord must love the common people because 
he has made so many of them." I think 
the Lord loves the laymen of the church 
because he has given in so large <* measure 
the administration of material affairs into 
their hands. 

The laymen are the conservators of the 
faith. There have been departures from 
the doctrines of Jesus, the preaching of the 
apostles and the saints and martyrs in all 
the ages; so far as I know, these departures 
from the faith have not been led by laymen. 

Activity is good in the preparation for a 
spiritual awakening, but standing is some- 
times better. The words of the great 
apostles are especially applicable to us lay 
men at this time when there is so mucn 
confusion in the church and in the world. 
" Wherefore take unto you the whole 
armor of God that ye may be able to with- 
stand in the evil day, and having done all 
to stand. Stand therefore, having your 
loins girt about with truth, and having on 
the breast-plate of righteousness, and your 
feet shod with the preparation of the gos- 
pel of peace. Above all, taking the shield 
of faith wherewith ye shall be able to 
quench all the fiery darts of the wicked, 
and take the helmet of salvation and the 
sword of the spirit which is the word of 

The gospel is a strenuous message. It 
cannot be expressed in terms of sweetness 
and light. It is rather a war cry from 
which the great apostle drew his military 
expressions. The gospel calls for self- 
denial, for the wearing of the yoke and 
bearing the burden, it calls for persecu- 
tions, for the taking up of the cross, for the 
giving up of life if need be. There is noth- 
ing appeals to men and women like heroism. 
Paul and Luther and Cromwell, and Knox 
and Edwards were heroes and they preached 

a heroic gospel and won men to Christ as 
did the fathers in the church. Napoleon, 
in the shadow of the pyramids, to inspire 
the heroic in his soldiers cried: "Forty 
centuries look down upon you." 

This is but an echo from a writer of 
scripture, who, to inspire faith in his fol- 
lowers, appealed to the heroic manifested 
in the great cloud of witnesses. Men cov- 
ered with the sweat and grime of the 
world, engaged in the great battle for 
bread, the men whom we call the masses 
will never be won and brought into the 
Kingdom of Christ by men who wear soft 
clothing and live in king's houses. 

There is nothing appeals to men like 
heroism, and this, 1 think, is the reason the 
Bible is so full of the heroic in the law and 
in the gospel. I can mention only a few 
instances. Moses and Joshua and David 
were not only great leaders of men but were 
great fighters as well. The life of Jesus 
was full of heroism in his conflict with the 
devil; he called him devil, he said also to 
those who would silence him by argument, 
"ye are of your father the devil." He 
found it necessary to make a scourge of 
small cords and drive them all out of the 
temple. " I have overcome the world," he 
said. These are but a few of the many 
instances of the heroic in the life of ]< sus 
Paul was one of the greatest heroes the 
world has ever known. He fought to win. 
He did win. Let me give you his words, 
when, as an old man, he summed up his 
life's work: " I have fought the good fight, 
I have kept the faith." The old hymn ex- 
presses the heroic: 

Must I be carried to the skies 

On flowery beds of ease, 
While others fought to win the prize, 

And smiled through bloody seas ? 

Tne fathers understood their Bibles and 
human nature also, and preached a heroic 
gospel, and did not complain that men did 
not go to church. Young men will go to a 
cockfight nowadays instead of church un- 
less they hear something better than soft 
nothings or are offered two kernels of 
wheat in a bushel of chaff. Men and women 
want to do some great things, and they 
need to be informed that they will find 
opportunity in the gospel service. Men 
looking for a soft job in the Christian life 
will not find it, and if we tell them so, they 
know better, and we do not deceive them 
very much anyway. 

Listen to this heroic call: "There is no 
man that hath left house or brethren or 
father or mother, or wife or children, or 
lands, for my sake and the gospel's, but he 
shall receive a hundred fold now in this 
time, houses and brethren, and sisters, and 
mothers and children, and lands with per- 
secutions, and in the world to come, eternal 

{Concluded on page 1S6) 


A Prize Creed 

SOME months ago the Ram's 
Horn offered a prize of twenty 
dollars for a brief creed not ex- 
ceeding one hundred words that 
should be acceptable to all evan- 
gelical churches. The following 
offered by Rev. Eben Herbert of 
Thayer, Missouri, was the winner: 

I believe in God as revealed in the 
Scriptures; in Jesus Christ as the Saviour, 
and the Holy Spirit as the Divine Assist- 
ant of all men; that while all are lost and 
helpless by nature, whosoever will may 
have Salvation through faith in Christ, 
and the help of the Holy Spirit in holy 

I believe in the Bible as divinely in- 
spired ; in the ordinances of baptism and 
the Lord's Supper; in the resurrection and 
a coming judgment day when the eternal 
destiny of all mankind shall be finally 
decided according to the deeds done in the 

Continued Progress at Matanzas 

Rev. E. P. Herrick, our veteran 
Cuban missionary reports: 

We have not been without tokens of the 
divine favor. Early in the quarter a Cuban 
widow came from the Roman church 
asking for instruction and guidance. She 
sought the truth and found it, was bap- 
tized and united with the church and went 
on her way rejoicing. 

A young man whom I visited during his 
long illness in the hospital has united with 
the church. The seed sown appears to 
have taken root. 

The opposition of Rome is incessant. 
They have induced some of our girls to 
absent themselves. Calumny, misrepre- 
sentation, vituperation, are some of the 
weapons used by our foes. The women 
teachers in the schools fill the children 
with prejudices and work upon their 
superstitious fears. We need to be as wise 
as serpents and as harmless as doves to 
prosecute this work in a priest-ridden com- 

During the quarter the church has 
chosen its second deacon. He is a school 
teacher exemplary in character and con- 
duct, and we consider ourselves fortunate 
in having secured so good a man to fill the 

Certain members who were absent from 
the mid-week service recently gave the 
pastor a satisfactory reason. "We took 
the New Testament with us and visited a 
family who listened with interest to the 
reading of God's word and to our explana- 
tions. That is the reason we could not 
come." Not all absentees had an equally 
good reason for their absence. Several 
persons are now pledged to unite with us 
at an early date. We look forward hope- 
fully believing that He whose we are and 
whom we serve will be to us in the heat of 
a tropical summer, the shadow of a great 
rock in a weary land. 

A Breath from the Spirit 

Rev. Charles A. Jevne of Bu- 
chanan, North Dakota, tells with a 
grateful heart of the Spirit's work in 
his field. 

During the meetings many Christians 
came into deeper experience of the spirit- 
ual life and many who had never before 
spoken in public spoke a good word for 
Jesus Christ. One of these, a fine old 
Christian gentleman, said to us one night: 
"Yes, I know I ought to speak for the 
Master ; the Lord has touched my heart 
all right, but I don't think he has reached 
my lips yet.'' But the next night the Lord 
did reach his lips and he spoke a faltering 
but loyal word. And so it was with many 
another Christian. Some engaged in per- 
sonal service for the first time. Through- 
out the whole community there was a 
sense of the presence and power of the 
Spirit. At least fifteen were brought to 
Christ by these meetings. 

In the Path of the Tornado 

Rev. John Schaerer of Curtiss, 
Wisconsin, now completing his for- 
tieth year of missionary service, has 
had a long delayed experience of the 
destructive power of the western 

On the third of June it came, accom- 
panied by hail, and many buildings were 
damaged or destroyed. The church was 
partially wrecked. The tower and bell 
are now lying on the ground; windows 
and doors are broken in; the church will 
need to be replastered, and $400 will 
scarcely cover the repairs that are needed. 
The Norwegian Lutheran church, half a 
mile west, is a total ruin as well as the 



crops of the farmers, cut to pieces by hail. 
One woman was killed and the community 
will be poorer by $50,000 in the vicinity of 
Curtiss alone. 

Going to Church 

Must of the readers of The Home 
Missionary we fancy know very 
little of the difficulties of church 
attendance even when the desire 
and will to go are good . For exam- 
ple listen to Rev. J. B. Thompson 
of Dean, South Dakota. Says he: 

Many of my people milk from twelve to 
twenty-two cows on a Sunday morning 
and usually the hired help is not available 
on that day. There are four, six, eight or 
ten miles between them and church. Sun- 
day is always the hardest day in the week 
and mercy to their beasts often demands a 
day's rest for them. Yet sometimes I am 
greatly encouraged amid all these draw- 
backs. For example, two or three families 
that have not attended for years are regu- 
lar in their coming at present. The other 
day I went once more to ask a man, the 
father of four children, to let them come 
to Sunday school, when he surprised me 
by saying that the whole family were 
planning now to attend both church and 
school. But few people at the East know 
the difficulties which have to be overcome 
in carrying out such a resolution. 

Valuable Fruit 

Rev. George Willet of San Luis 
Obispo, California, gratefully re- 
ports what many will regard as a 
rich fruitage of evangelistic work: 

On Sunday last we received into fellow- 
ship thirteen members on expression of 
faith. Most of these are young people, 
several of them being students of the 
State Polytechnic school and we can hardly 
expect that our church will receive any 
great help financially, or otherwise, from 
them. Yet we can rejoice in the feeling that 
under God, we have been instrumental in 
starting them on the Christian life perhaps 
to do the work of His Kingdom elsewhere 
and in future years. We are hoping that 
we may soon be able to gather in some of 
maturer years as we are sure that there are 
some who are now not far from the King- 
dom of God. 

A Lesson from the Garden 

Thou knowest not which shall pros- 
per this or that. Rev. E. P. Hughes 
of Ashland, Oregon, finds this scrip- 
ture to be as true in spiritual as in 
natural husbandry. He savs: 

The quarter covered by this report shows 
work done as faithfully as possible and with 
some results visible, but yet more I trust 
beneath the surface. Lately I planted 
some potatoes in my garden and was re- 
warded by a generous growth ; but some 
hills failed to show anything above the 
surface. My patience however was at last 
rewarded and the backward hill came for- 
ward even though very late. I have 
noticed sometimes that as much variety 
was to be seen in progress of the spiritual 
as is witnessed in the vegetable world. In 
due season we shall reap, if we faint not. 

Jerome Once More 

Many readers have followed with 
increasing interest the progress of 
this church and its institutional 
methods. The following is the latest 
from this unique field, now in charge 
of the Rev. Edmund Owens: 

Jerome like most mining camps is 
undergoing a great change in its popu- 
lation. Recently most all the foremen of 
the Yerde Copper Company have been 
changed. This state of affairs causes 
great uneasiness on the part of the men; 
for, invariably, every new foreman brings 
with him a new set of men to displace the 
ones already at work. This condition 
also affects business and the church. 
Under these uncertainties men who will- 
ingly contributed to the support of the 
church when their positions were not 
uncertain, now desire to withdraw their 
support, for they know not what moment 
they will have to move. 

The Congregational membership of our 
church is small, while our allied forces 
composed of Episcopalians and Baptists 
are three to our one. While they are 
a great help in many ways, especially in 
financial support, they are naturally not as 
much in perfect sympathy with the 
progress of the work. And it is almost 
impossible to get them to change their 
membership. The great need, then, I 
find is a strong constituency of our own 
who will be in hearty sympathy with every- 
thing Congregational and toward that end 
we are going to strive. 

The free reading room furnishes a 
splendid place for men who are waiting 
for work, to spend their time. Dozens of 
them come in every day. Here they find 
a warm, comfortable room supplied with 
the latest books, magazines and papers. 
We are glad they come here instead of 
going to the numerous wicked places there 
are here about. 



Capturing a Church 

We hope, for the honor of Chris- 
tian courtesy and fellowship, inci- 
dents like the following, reported by 
one of our best missionaries and 
confirmed by one of our best super- 
intendents, are exceedingly rare: 

My work for the past two months has 
been somewhat exceptional inasmuch as 

the neighbors had taken advantage 

of a vacancy in the pastorate to capture 
and appropriate to themselves our church 
and people. A man of their own order 
had been sent there and I found him using 
our church and even disputing our prior 
right to the same. He has held a so- 
called church meeting at which men of 
his own following had been elected to fill 
almost all of the offices and evidently the 
plan was to make a complete "steal all 
along the line." He claimed he had the 
people with him. This, however, was not 
so as in a few weeks we had evidence of 
the loyalty of those among whom our 
home missionary society had been working 
for some thirteen years. Having won the 
people back to their first choice I pro- 
ceeded to secure for them a permanent 
rastor, in which I was successful. This 
man is now on the field with a bright 
prospect of a useful future. 

Light and Shade in the 
Spanish Work 

Rev. Joseph Thacker of Los 
Angeles, California, needs all the 
courage he can get in his difficult 
work and he seems to be a man able 
to find it wherever it exists. He 
says • 

There are some dark features about this 
work to which one cannot shut his eyes: 
but again there are occasional bright rifts 
in the clouds to cheer us on. One of these 
is the steady persistence of our Mexican 
helpers in Pomona and Santa Ana. Many 
of them seem to be proof against all dis- 
couragements incident to the work. They 
keep right on, which means that they 
must sometime be repaid for their faithful 
sowing of the seed. One incident is par- 
ticularly encouraging. It was a poor, old, 
homeless Mexican woman who started the 
building fund in Pomona which has now 
reached the sum of $500 for the new 
chapel. This poor woman managed to 
raise turkeys enough to give the first two 
dollars. After awhile two more dollars 
were forthcoming by the same means and 

a few days ago she added two dollars to 
this from the same source. One cannot 
realize all that this means until they have 
seen the way that some of our Mexican 
friends live. 

Growth under Difficulties 

Heathenish opposition to Chris- 
tian effort can be found this 
side of Africa by a long distance. 

These few lines from our Slavic 
missionary, Miss Bartunek of Penn- 
sylvania, reflect some of the diffi- 
culties of missionary endeavor in 
the heart of a Christian common- 
wealth of our own country. 

There has been growth in our Sunday 
school in McKeesport this last quarter. 
Regular attendance has been kept too. It 
was very difficult to teach a class having 
every Sunday different scholars, I was 
thinking what could be done to get a hold 
on the children, so they would be anxious 
to come every Sunday. Reading of the 
Sunday school badges and pins I thought 
I would try that. So I promised them to 
the children and met with success. Often 
the thought came to me that the children 
do not know much about the lessons, but 
on review Sunday we were all surprised 
how much they really did remember. The 
Sunday school here is very hard and try- 
ing to teach, for while the children inside 
would be good, the outsiders disturb us a 
great deal. They throw stones at our 
door, climb up into the windows, open the 
door and scream and sometimes call the 
other children out. Last Sunday a stone 
flew clear to the organ where I was play- 
ing. I often wonder if the heathen chil- 
dren would do such things to others. 
Grown up people are on the street, but 
they never try to prevent this. They 
really rejoice when we are disturbed. But 
this all proves how much more needs to be 
done for this people. 

A Trial of Faith 

Mrs. Therese Hovan, Slavic mis- 
sionary at Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
gives the following incident which 
is often repeated in our foreign work, 
of a young girl finding the way to 
Christ over difficulties which con- 
stitute the severest possible trial to 
faith : 

During this quarter I made one hundrel 
and twenty visits, held three women's 
sewing meetings and did a number of 



services for the people. The people com- 
ing to this country often need our help in 
many ways, which we cannot refuse, seeing 
them in a poor and helpless condition. 
Our work lately has been more encourag- 
ing. The meetings were attended by a 
large number, especially the Sunday even- 
ing meetings, and the Christian Endeavor 
meetings were very lively and enthusiastic. 
Every member of the Society feels the 
responsibility of the meeting, and one by 
one take earnest part. 

One girl lias been lately converted. In 
a wonderful way she was brought to Jesus. 
It is not very long since she began to 

attend our meetings. She liked to come, 
but as soon as her parents and friends 
heard of it they began to be against her, 
and did all they could to keep her from 
attending. Her parents wro'e to her she 
should never come home and never call 
them her parents if she goes to our meet 
ings. It was very hard for the girl to have 
her parents so much against her, but she 
said: "I love my parents, but I have to 
listen to the Lord, and when my father 
and my mother forsake me, then the 
Lord will take me up." She is filled with 
the Holy Spirit, and from the fullness 
of her heart she speaks in our meetings. 


WYOMING has had a prosper- 
ous year. Superintendent 
(iray reports a gain in 
Sunday school enrollment over the 
previous year of 276; of average 
attendance a gain of 1 1 1 ; of Sunday 
school benevolences $28; of church 
benevolence a gain $351 ; a net gain 
of church membership of 159, which 
is an average of ten and one half to 
1 a church. The General Association 
held at Wheatland in October was 
one of marked interest. 

CL. Rev. S. F. Gale of Florida, 
I with the co-operation of Rev. P. G. 
I Woodruff, General Missionary, and 
a large force of missionary pastors, 
I has been holding summer rallies in 
! the western end of the state. It 
I has been an evangelistic work. 
More than thirty points are sched- 
uled for meetings and valuable 
! results are anticipated 

C Rev. E. P. Owen of Paruna, 
Oklahoma, says "Congregation- 
alism with its broad sympathies, its 
honest desire for the unity of Christ- 
: ians and its placing of a practical 
j Christian life above technicalities 
and creeds, is winning its way in 
this part of Oklahoma." 

C Rev. David B. Gray of Port- 
land, Oregon, is so greatly impressed 
with the growth and missionary 
needs of that city that he is moved 
to say, "If I could make some 
wealthy man see things as I see them. 

he would feel that in no place in the 
world could §20,000 be put to better 
use in the Master's service than in 
enlarging our work in this city and 

C Rev. Anton Paulu of Vining, 
Iowa, reports that all stores in that 
town are now closed on Sunday and 
the saloon, he hopes, forever. Hus- 
bands who used to come to church 
with their wives will no more go to 
saloons instead of going to church 
and their wives will not be obliged 
to stay at home to save their hus- 
bands from getting drunk. 

C£ Rev. F. Osten-Sacken of 
Antigo, Wisconsin, sends his last 
quarterly report to the Society and 
the church after two years of aid 
strikes for self-support. Hearty 
thanks are voted to the Society and 
hearty congratulations are tendered 
to the church. 

C Rev. J. C. Luke of Carbondale, 
Pennsylvania, has recently taken in- 
to church membership a total of 
thirty-seven persons and others are 
to unite in the near future The 
Sunday school has doubled its size 
in one year. 

C Rev. Timothy Thirloway, 
making his closing report after five 
and a half years at Belle Fourche, 
South Dakota, thus recapitulates 
his work:" I commenced here with a 
divided church that had been with- 
out a pastor for nine months. It 

i 7 8 


had a membership of twenty-four 
divided among twenty-five families; 
a Sunday school membership fifty 
with an average attendance of thirty- 
four. To-day there is a membership 
of forty-seven in forty five families; 
a Sunday school of ninety with an 
average attendance of sixty. We 
have also made large additions to 
the parsonage and extensive repairs 
on the church and paid all indebted- 

C Rev. Henry W. Stein, of 
Springfield, Missouri, has received 
fourteen new members into his 
church as fruit of special efforts. 

C Rev. Annette B. Gray, of 
Wyoming, has been supplying the 
churches at Lusk and Manville dur- 
ing a vacancy in the pastorate. 
During her stay of three months a 
number have been received into the 
church and twenty-two baptisms 

C The Church at Torrington, 
Wyoming, Rev. J. M. Babcock, pas- 
tor, has recently seated its building 
with chairs and replaced the win- 
dows on the north side which were 
destroyed by hail. 

C During the six years' pastorate 
of Rev. E. B. Tre Fethren, Ipswich, 
South Dakota, thirty-seven bap- 
tisms have been solemnized and 
sixty-five have been admitted to the 
church. The pastor has officiated 
at thirty marriages and twenty- 
seven funerals and has helped at 
five golden weddings. In this time 
he has made 6,825 calls. The 
church property which was worth 
$1,000 has increased in value five 

C Rev. E. J. Moody is now es- 
tablished at El Reno, Oklahoma, with 
his family and is making for himself 
and the church a large place in the 

C A Church has recently been 
organized at Verden, Oklahoma, 
which is a new town. Only a tem- 

porary tabernacle has been erected 
but work has commenced on a per- 
manent church edifice. 

C Drummond, Oklahoma, under 
the lead of Rev. W. E. Todd, has 
erected a beautiful church building. 
It is the only one in the place. A 
fine pipe organ was imported from 

C. Rev. W. B. Stover, of Alva, 
Oklahoma, has with his own hands 
repaired, painted, and otherwise im- 
proved the church building during 
the summer months. A reading 
room and rest room have been 
fitted up. 

C At Gage, Oklahoma, a tornado 
completely destroyed the church 
building. There is no insurance 
against wind, but the people will 

C Rev. J. E. Bodine, of Hast- 
ings, Oklahoma, is a recent recruit 
from the United Brethren of Mich- 
igan. In a little more than three 
months he has more than doubled 
the membership, receiving fifteen on 
one Sabbath. 

C Rev. E. B. Chamberlain, of 
Sharon, Vermont, writes: "Although 
as an aged minister I am entitled to 
The Home Missionary free, I send 
you two dollars toward the expense 
of publishing it. I am blind but I 
enjoy hearing it read very much." 

C Bethlehem, Newark, New Jer- 
sey (colored). During the immediate 
past the embarassing problems con- 
fronting the welfare of the church 
have been very distressing. How- 
ever, under the care of the Rev. T. 
M. Shipherd of Belleville Avenue 
Church, the church property is to 
be sold at auction and the Congre- 
gational Union of the North New 
Jersey Conference will buy it in at 
the mortgage value. This implies 
that the Union will have for a time 
a controlling interest in the church 
and in directing its affairs. With 



the new adjustment and such back- 
ing and a colored settlement near at 
hand, a deserving people will see 
new life. 

C Fountain Springs, Pennsylva- 
nia. Rev. H. J. Deiss, pastor, has re- 
ceived thirty-four into membership, 
reduced the indebtedness $450, and 
received an increase of $100 to his 
salary. This is a recently revived 
Congregational parish. 

CT, Hawley Memorial, Monterey, 
Pennsylvania. Congregationalism 
ministers to two very different class- 
es: Mountain Whites and Southern 
Episcopalians, in perfect harmony. 
" I think the following things have 
been accomplished," says Pastor H 
W. Dowding: " The church is more 
Congregational, a greater harmony, 
a larger spiritual life, a strong finan- 
cial interest and a property in per- 
fect repair. If only a half dozen 
families of Congregationalists would 
summer here, it would give the work 
a standing which it sorely needs. 
A Congregational church without a 
Congregational constituency is the 

CT, Park Church, Philadelphia. 
"Over $537 were made for the new 
building by children since January, 
1905. Where is a school to beat such 
busy bees ?" Dr. C. B. Adams' "Ves- 
pers" are unique at 6.30 p. m., Sun- 
days. Gems from " Spohr's Last 
Judgment " were among the choice 
musical renderings. With larger 
accommodations Park Church will 
easily do a larger Congregational 

C Williamsport, Pennsylvania. 
This thriving parish has lost two 

helpful factors during the summer: 
Deacon J. E. Dayton and Trustee 
J. E. Leamon, and yet, "apart 
from these losses there has been no 
reason for discouragement. We 
have a good deal more than held 
our own in the last six months." 
writes the Rev. D. E. Burtner. 
" We have been able to meet our 
obligations as they have come with 
very little delay." 

C A Missionary Problem: A 
new broom went to a difficult charge 
that had been previously weeded out 
by a careful worker. No sooner did 
he take the reins than all the old 
offenders and many others of their 
kind were reinstated or otherwise 
added to the church roll. Burrs 
will do mischief anywhere. Today 
the broom fails to sweep clean. Is 
stuffing a church roll identical with 
establishing a church? 

C A grateful recipient : "I found 
last year's missionary barrel very 
helpful, indeed. I do not wish to 
step in before those who are more 
needy ; but, if there is enough to 
reach me, I and my family would 
like to be included." This is from a 
hustler who asks not for a larger 
field or for more salary or for edu- 
cated people but for "the hardest 
place you have after I finish here." 

C Carbondale, Pennsylvania, 
under the Rev. J. C. Luke's guid- 
ance, has raised within the year more 
than $2,000, and, with the aid of 
the Church Building Society, has 
financed the indebtedness. This 
church is the mother of Wyoming 
Valley Congregationalism and in 
the near future will celebrate its 
seventy-fifth anniversary. 


"For we are made for co-operation."— Marcus Aurelius 

The Sunnyside Missionary. 

" The inner side of ez>ery cloud 

Is bright ana shining: 
I, therefore, turn my clouds about, 

And always wear them inside out, 
'To show their lining .' " 

SEVERAL months ago I was 
asked to write a letter on 
"Missionary Boxes." I have 
hesitated to do it, fearing, if I told 
half that I know on that subject, 
I should have hurled upon me the 
wrath of the powers in New York; 
for after hearing my story they 
would be deluged with calls for a 
poor home missionary church. 

I realize that a letter is more inter- 
esting if you know just who the 
author is, so I will tell you who I 
am. I am the wife of the very best 
home missionary minister in the 
world. He is also a rich man as he 
is a"real estate" man, and is selling 
lots ''over there" constantly, and 
he is not afraid to "boom" them, 
for all that he has has long been 
invested there, and it all belongs to 
our Father who is "rich in houses 
and lands." 

I am also the mother of the 
brightest and dearest (no maternal 
prejudice) children that God ever 

We have the happiest and sweetest 
(not the largest ) of homes located 

by the foot hills of not far 

from and nearly three thous- 
and miles from . 

Now about missionary boxes- 

Picture a mother lying helpless for 
months with no hope of ever doing 
for the dear ones again. Sickness 
had been drawing on the mission- 
ary purse for years, and now the 
mother's prayer was: "Do let me 
live until the "box" comes so that I 

can see that my dear ones are pro- 
vided for." The heart of faith knew 
but the mortal eye asked to see. 
God heard the prayer, and such a 
box it was! Not just the neces- 
sities, but Oh, the luxuries and the 
comforts! And you could feel the 
love and the prayers and the very 
Spirit of God. Dear sisters I have 
heard right straight from Heaven 
that that loving work was accredited 
against your names in the Great 

Picture once more a home where 
sickness had come again and again 
and, although there was no "starva- 
tion" there was a deep felt lack of 
the "needful," and none of the 
"wants" and the longing to look 
presentable could be met. A dear 
friend wrote: "Can our church send 
you a small box this fall?" Can 
you realize the load that dropped 
from that mother's weak and bur- 
dened heart? And when the box 
came, such a happy home as it was! 
Oh, how much you poor wives and 
children have lost out of your lives if 
you have never opened a "box." It 
is pleasant ( I think ) to have a full 
purse, but my dear sisters, it is 
blessed to have to get so quiet and 
near to God that you can whisper in 
His ear just what you need; and 
then when it comes, and so much 
more than you dared pray for, there 
is a lesson learned of faith and trust 
that money cannot give. Dear 
sisters, I want to impress upon you, 
that every time you pack a mission- 
ary box you are doing a work that 
mothers will bless you for and angels 
smile upon. 

Yes we do have our trials. Home 
missionary fathers and mothers have 
just the same longings and aspira- 


tions for their children as those in 
our wealthy pastorates. It is a trial 
when our dear little daughter cannot 
have a piano and take piano lessons, 
and we often wonder if the way will 
open for her future to be what we 
long to have it. But God can clothe 
the mind as he does the body. Boys 
can, and our boy will (I believe) 
work his way through, for he has 
the grit to do it. It has been hard 
many times to hear — "I do wish we 
could take the Youth's Companion 
and some magazines, all we have 
is one missionary journal" (my 
boy is human). But now, thanks to 
a dear friend of home missions, the 
boy has all the magazines he can 
read and every morning, as he takes 
his early breakfast, he has one prop- 
ped up in front of his plate. 

I must confess that many a time 
I have consigned to the ashes a cir- 
cular announcing a "wonderful sale 
of books," for the reason that I 
could not bear to see the longing 
look and hear the "good man" say, 
" That is a fine chance to get books, 
but — wife, I guess the Lord still 
wants me to read the Old Book." 

It is not as pleasant to have your 
husband get up at four o'clock on 
Monday morning and do a large 
washing as it would be to have him 
attend the Minister's Monday Club. 
You do long to have your husband 
get a summer vacation, and attend 
conventions and annual meetings. 
But after all, does it really count, 
only in the physical? There is a 
vacation coming, and my husband 
will soon attend all the annual 
meetings (and I think he will be a 
prominent speaker) and my angels 
there will be playing the golden 
harps. Life isn't very hard after all. 
Let us join hands, both wealthy and 
home missionary churches and 
sing, "Praise God from whom all 
blessings flow." 

Mrs. Grateful. 

An Historic Society 

In the year 1S20 Miss Elizabeth 
Stillson took charge of a private 
school for young women in Green- 
wich, Connecticut. She was a 
woman of missionary instincts and 
organized a society among her pupils 
for the benefit of the Osage Indians. 
Miss Stillson died in 1824, but the 
seed which she planted developed, 
after her death, into the Stillson Be- 
nevolent Society. The earliest efforts 
of this society were devoted to mis- 
sions in Greece; but for the past 
sixty years most of their funds have 
been contributed to the Home Mis- 
sionary Society. 

Their methods of raising money 
are not new but they have been 
remarkably productive. The annual 
fair is a marked feature, conducted 
as fairs usually are, and patronized 
with great enthusiasm by the 
community. A particular feature of 
this annual festival is a bountiful 
supper which has proved a great in- 
spiration to Christian fellowship. 
The contribution of this society to 
the home missionary treasury rarely 
falls below five hundred dollars and 
during the past sixty years a- 
mounted, in the aggregate to more 
than $30,000. 

The Connecticut Union 

The Woman's State Union of 
Connecticut held its Twentieth An- 
niversary in the First Church, 
Hartford, May 24th. Both sessions 
were well attended. The Union 
reports 162 Auxiliaries and an in- 
crease in gifts over previous years. 
The Executive Committee marked 
the anniversary by the gift of about 
forty-five volumes to constitute a 
Home Missionary Library for the 
use of Auxiliaries. In response to a 
request made by the Committee the 
Auxiliaries made a special offering 
at the meeting, amounting to $767. 



July, 1905. 

Not in commission fast year, 

Corneliussen, Fred. Jamestown, N. Y. 

Ford, lesse, Baxley, Ga. 

Gasque, Wallace, Gilmore. Ga. 

McSkiinming, Daniel D.. End Okla. 

Sinninger, Norman E., Hammond, Ind.: Smith, A. H. 
Cleveland, N. Dak. 

Tumlin, William E , Tidwell and Nectar, Ala. 

Van Sickle, Cecil H., Orange City, Fla. 

Billings, Charles S.. Barstow, So. Cal.: Bishop, John 
L.. Agra, Okla.: Bissell, W. F.. Cortez, Colo.; Brown, 
Albert R.. St. Clair t ircuit, Minn. 

Callecod, H. M., Williston. No. Dak.; Chamberlain, 
Horace W., Priest River. Idaho; Crawford, O. D., 
Granada, Minn.; Curtiss, Parson L., Webster, So. 

DeBois, Charles M., O'l Center. So. Cal 

Harris, Harvey R.. Mcintosh, Minn ; Holway, John 
W, Kirkland, Wash.; Hughes, Evan P, Ashland, 

Lewis, John. Detroit, Mich. 

McClane, W. R., International Falls, Minn.; Mason 
Harry E., Blaine, Wash. 

Newton, Howell E., Lindale, Ga.; Nilson, Frank, 
Warren, Pa. 

Parker, Robert H., Machias and Hatford, Wash. 
Faulu, Acton, Vining, Iowa; Perrin, David J. Spring- 
field, So Dak.; Peterson, MathUp, Ekdall, Wis ; Pope, 
Joseph, Elder and Laurel Grove, Mon : Preston, 
Charles W., Theaford, Nebr.; Preston, Mrs. M. S., 
Seneca, Nebr. 

Read, J. L , Claremont, Colo.; Richert, Cornelius, St. 
Paid, Minn.: Rockwood, Arden M., Port'and, Oregon. 

Simmons, Daniel A., Westville and Potolo, Fla.; 
Smith, Green N., Surreic, Ga.; Sosebee, Andrew J.; 
Mineral Bluff, Ga.: Speron, E. H., Lawton, No. Dan., 
Starrin, G. H., DeSmet, So. Dak. 

Tillman, W. H., Atlanta, Ga 

Upton, Rufus P., Springfirld, Minn. 


July, 1905. 

For account 0/ receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 

see page 183-184. 

MAINE— $5. 
Lewiston, L. F. Wells, 5. 

NEW HAMHSHIRE— $65.55; ° f which legacy, $25.76. 

Canterbury, 5; Milford, Estate of A. C. Crosby, 25.76; 
Troy, Trin. 9.24: Wilton, 2nd, 25 55. 

VERMONT— $638.15; of which legacy. $400.66. 

Jacksonville, G. H. Burgess, 10, Ludlow, West, 9.10; 
Manchester, 37.95; Pittsfield, Estate ot Charlotte Moul- 
ton, 400.00: Rutland, A Friend, 1; St. Johnsbury, North 
161.80; West Rutland, 17.55. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $14,020.41; of which legacies, 

$12, 284 88. 

Mass. H. M. Soc, b\ Rev. J. Colt, Treas., by request 
of donor , 97. 89; Amherst, Miss S." D. Palmer, Estate, 
50; Mrs. L. C. Marshall, 5; Andover, F. H. Foster and 
friends, 15; Ashfield, Mrr-. D. W. Porter, 2; Auburndale, 

A. L. Goodiich, 5; M. H. Kimball, 1; Baldwinville, 
Mrs M. J Barker, 10; Barre, A. G. Williams, 10; Berk- 
ley, A. E. Dean, 30; Berlin, S. and M. L. t-awyer, 5; 
Boston, Estate of F. G. Thayer, 300; Dr. F. R. Abbe, 
15; A McLean, 25; Bradford, Mrs J. E. Pond, 5; Brock- 
ton, Mrs. K. A. Lonev, 1; Mrs. E. J. Kingsbury, 1, 
L. W.Nickerson, s;Brookline, Estate of W. H. Taylor, 
9 379; Mrs. A. S. Ware, 1; Cambridge, Mrs. E. C. Moore, 
10; H. A. Stewart, 1; Cohasset, 2nd, 10; Chelsea, C. 
Phillips, 5; Dalton, S. M. Torrey, 5: Z. Crane, 50; 
Danvers, O. L Carl* ton, 5: J. S. Learoyd. 15; W. E. 
Smart. 10; Deerfield, A Friend, 50; Easthampton, A 
Friend, 25: Eddyville, Estate of Mrs. C. E. Pratt 
2,000; Fall River, Central 25; C. A. Baker, 5; Mrs. R 
K. Remington, 10; Falmouth, M. L Butler, 1; Fitch- 
burg, Mrs. E. J. Davis and family, 25; A Friend, .50 
Friends. 9.10; Rollstone Friends, 25; Fiskdale, G. S 
Edgerton. 1; Gilbertville, A. H. Richardson, 10 
Gloucester, Friends, 20; Grafton, Mrs. E. L. B'ttrick, 2 
Gt. Barrington, Miss E S. Beckwith, 5: Mrs. M. M 
Humphrey, 7; Green Harbor, Mrs. S. J. Fm'th, 2 
Hadley, is:. 24.16; Hampden, 23.71; Haverhill, Miss A 
Chafnn. 100; Mrs. C. A. Ransom, 5; A Friend, 2 
Haydenville, 8.53; Hinsdale, T. F. Barker, 1; Holbrook 
Mrs F. M. Spear, 50; Miss A. M. Thayer, 10; Holyoke 

B. N. Norton, 10; Hopedale, W. E. Clifford, 5: Hyde 
Park, H. D. Noyes, 25; Ipswich, A Friend, 250; Jamaica 

Plain, Mrs. S. E. Bradley, 5; Lawrence, A Friend, i! 
Leominster, Orth. Woodbury Fund, 120: Lincoln, Mr. 
and Mrs. C. H. Trask, 50; Lowell, Estate of James 
Deering, 555.88; Marshfield,, C. E., 5; A Friend ?: Need- 
ham, '-Sherman and his 1 ttle friends," .25; New Bed- 
ford, S. E Seaburv, 25; Newburyport, coll. by Miss B., 
10; Northampton, Miss J. Kingsley, 25; No. Amherst, C. 
R. Dickinson, 1; No. Andover, J. H. Stonp, 100; North- 
bridge Center, Mrs. J. W. Moore, 5; North Brookheld, 
Mrs E. A. Goddard, 10; A Widow's Mite, .25; North 
Chelmsford, Mrs. G. Hydf, 1: North Wilbraham, Mr». R. 
Sikes, 1; Oxford, Mrs. E. C. Bardwell, .20; Peabody, 
South, 136; Pittsfield, 1st, 41.94; Mr*. H. S. Wilson, 2; 
Pocasset, G C. Thompson, 10; Quincy, A Friend, 5; 
Royalston, Estate of Abigail L. Wo< d, 50; Salem, Tab , 
5; Saundersville, M E Fowler, 5; Springfield, S. M. 
T ittle, 20; West Medway, 2nd C. E., 2; Winchester, Mrs. 
C. A Richardson, 10; Worcester, Mrs. S. T., 5. 

Bristol, 1st, 29 84; Kingston, 70. 

CONNECTICUT— 1,068.07; of which legacies, $97.50 

Miss. Soc. of Conn, by Rev. J. S. Ives, 29.76; Black 
Rock, C. E., 5; Bridgeport, 15.50; South, C. E., 6.05. 
Bristol, 1st, 30.53; Coventry, C. E., 4.42; H. E. Gilbert; 
10; East Woodstock, 12; Fairfield, 300; Falls Village, 1st, 16; 
Farmmgton, S. S., 15; Glastonbury, M. Cam ron, 5; F, 
I. Hollister, 10; Greenwich, 2nd Ch. and S. S., 24 99- 
Hartford, Estate of Miss F. B. Griswold, 52 50; Wa ; 
burton Chapel S. S., 22.25; Ivoryton, 23.89; Jewett City; 
6.85; Meriden, A. Porter, 2^; New Britain, M. R. E., 10, 
New Hartford, North, 38; New Haven, E. E. Mix, 5; New 
London, 1st, 70 23; New Milford, Estate of Sarah Gay- 
lord, 7.74; Northfield, Mrs H. Morse, 5; H. C. Peck 3; 
North Haven, C. B. Smith, 3; North Woodstock, 13.25; 
Norwalk, J. P. Wilson, 5; Norwich, E. A. Prencice, 10; 
Putnam, 2nd, 41.17; Salisbury, W. B. H M., 12.80; Sound 
Beach, 1st S. S., 5; C. E.. 5; Suffleld, Estaf of Susan 
A. King, 37.26; Terryville, C. K., 15; Washington, 1st, 
66.75; West Hartford, 1st Ch. of Christ, 73.75; Westville, 
15.92; Willimantic, F. Safford, 5; Woodstock, S. S., 5.46. 

NEW YORK— $533 43- 

N. Y. Home Miss. Soc, C. S. Fitch, Treas., 225.61; 
Arcade, 5; Briarcliff, 132.81; Brooklyn, Mrs. C. L. Darrow, 
1; Canaan Four Corners, 9 30; Canandaigua, S. S.. 47.71; 
Churchville, 14.40; Crown Point, 1st, 8.60; Homer, Miss E' - 
F. Phillips, 10; Madrid, 17; Massena Center, Mrs. E. R 



Sutton, s;New York City, O. \V. Coe, 50; Dr. J. P. 
Land, 5; West Camden, Mis. II. M. Green, 

NEW JERSEY - i.g , of which legacies, $183.24. 

Woman's H. M Union of the N. J. Assoc, Mrs. G. A. L. 
Merrirield, Treas., Philadelphia, Central, 24 68. 

East Orange, Trinity, S. S., ts; ' K" too; Hanover, 
Estate of Jul'a A. Mitchell, t8 , 1 


Philadelphia, Central, 17.S0; Scranton, Plymouth, 22; 
Sharon, tSt S. S., 7; Welsh Hill, Bethel S. S., 1. 1 1. 

GEORGIA— $19.53. 

Cedartown, 1; Demorest, [6.03; Liudale, .•; Seville, Willi- 
ford and Asbury Chapel, .50. 

ALABAMA $22. 17. 

Caddo, 2.72; East Tallassee, Liberty, 2; Haekleburg, 7.25; 
Haleyville, .:. jo; Snlligent, 6; Ten Broeck, Union Hill and 
Tip, New Hope, 2. 


Avon Park, R°v S. J. Townsend, 5; Interlachen, 1st, 1 ; 
Sherman, St. Paul's, ■ >. 

TEXAS -$15. 
Dallas, 1 st, W. H. M. S., 15. 

OKLAHOMA .$10.14. 
Received by Rev. J. H. Parker, Cold water Birthday 

( >ft'ering, 2.97. 

Grant Co., Pleasant View, r; Okarche, 1st, 650; 
Seward, 3.57. 

ARIZONA— $7. 50. 
Prescott, C. E., 7.50. 

Nashville, Union. Fisk University, 10, 

OHIO $43.25. 

Cincinnati, W. J. Breed, 25; Olmsted, 2nd, C. E , 
1 j.25; Springfield, Lagonda, Ladies' Miss. Soc, 5. 


Indianapolis, Rev. A. G. Detch, 3; Michigan City, 
Scand. Miss., 2; Terre Haute, J. H. Black. 2. 

ILLINOIS— $151.50. 

Received by Rev. M. E. Eversz, D.D., Park Ridge, 
German. 3.50: Amboy, A Friend, 23;Delavin, R. Hogh- 
ton, 25; Morrison, R. Wallace, 100. 

MISSOURI $98.19. 

Kansas City, Clyde, 46.71; Thayer, 7.06. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A D. Rider, Treas. 
Kansas City, Clyde. 4 98; 1st L. U., 14.30; S YV. Taber- 
nacle. L. U., 3 10; Maplewood, 3.60; Meadville, 3.44; Neosho, 
4.80; Old Orchard, \V A.. i.SoTSt. Louis, Comp on Hill, 
2.60; Immanuel, 5; Memorial, .80. Total, 44.4- 


Ogdensburg, Bethany Evan. Free Scand., $1.65; 
Wood Lake and Doctors Lake, Swedes, $1.50. 
IOWA— $12.48. 

Iowa H. M. Soc, Miss A. D. Merrill, Treas., $12.48. 
MINNESOTA— $117. 16. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D. : Minneapolis, Pil- 
grim, add'l .25; Plymouth, 69.75; total, 70; Brooks, .31; 
Ceylon and Center Chain, 5; Climax, .70; Crookston, 4.01; 
East Brainerd, Peoples, 2; Eldred, .56; Erskine, .71; Fel- 
ton, .4S; Fertile, 10; Hackensack, .43; Maple Bay, 1.03; 

Mentor, .59; Mcintosh, 1st, t.50; New York Mills, r.50; 
Nymore, 5.38; Plummer, .'•>; Turtle River, 2.61: St. Paul, 
University Ave., 2.50; Waterville and Morristown, ^.50; 
West Duluth, Plymouth, 3.75. 
KANSAS— $5. 

McPherson, a Friend, $5. 

Neb. H. M. Soc, by Rev. L. Gregory, Treas., Blair, 
9.50; Chadron, 17.50; Campbell, 2.40; Fairmont, L. Good- 
rich, 5; Red Cloud, 23.39; Seward, 35.85; total. 9^.64; 
Alliance, Zion German. 2; Almeria, 11.69; Butte and 
Baker, 3 50; Curtis, 9; Dustin, S. S., | 15; Franklin, M. L 
Wilson, 5; Friend and Turkey Creek, German, 3; Moulton, 

; Ravenna, 4.65; Sutton, n.;;; Wymore, 
NORTH DAKOTA -$,13 2.5. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Adler, 2.18; Crary, 
Ladies' M. S., 5; Fargo, Ladies' M. S , 1st, 50; Elbow 
Woods, Indian Ladies' Soc.. 2; Niagara. 10; Sentinel 
Butte, 3.12; Wahpeton, Ladies M. S., 25; Washburn, 2.75; 
Manvel and Olivet, 8.20; Oriska, Rev. O. P. Champlin. 5. 
SOUTH DAKOTA— $52.98. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Wakonda, 1.83; Academy, 
38; Alcester, 6.05; Canova, 1.10; Carthage, Pilgrim, 4; 
Dover, 2. 
COLORADO- $117.04. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Denver, 2d, 11; 3d, 15; 
Pastern Assoc., 3.40; Prairie Temple, 1; Rev. P. 
Rasmussen, 1; Mrs. P. Rasmussen. 1; Wellington, S. 
S , 2.20; Rye, S. S., 2.50; total, 37.10; Boulder, 1st, 26.10; 
Canon City. Miss C. Aldrich, .25; Cortez, 2.50; Montrose, 
50; Rocky Ford, J. C. Randall, 1. 
WYOMING— $53. 

Received by Rev. W. B. D. Gray, Cheyenne, 1st, S. S., 
Faster offering, 38; Dayton, 6; Rock Springs, 1st, S. S . t . 

Woman's Missionary Union of Wyo., Miss E. McCrum, 
Treas., Douglas, 5. 

M0NTANA-$2 5 .oo. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Mrs. W. S. Bell, Treas.. Bil- 
lings, Ladies' M. S., 5; Red Lodge, Ladies' M. S., 20. 
CALIF0RNIA-$6 37 .52. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile, Claremont, 75.92; Los An- 
geles, Fastside, 26.75; Ontario, Bethel, 134.92; Ramona, 
10; Sierra Madre, add'l, 1.50: W. H. M. U., 133.38, by Mrs. 
E. C. Norton, Treas.; Pico Heights, 5; for Spanish 
work; total, 387.47; Los Angeles, 1st, 200; Rosedale and 
Wasco, 25.05; Sherman, istj 25. 
OREGON— $19.40. 

Astoria. 5.50; Portland, Ebenezer, German, 8.40; 
Salem, Central, 3; Willard, 2.50. 

Kirkland, 1st, 4; Myers Falls and Bossburg, 3; Seattle, 
Plymouth, 200. 
TURKEY— $5. 

Van, Turkey, Miss G. M . McLauren, 5. 

Receipts in July, 1905. 

Contributions $51765-67 

Legacies 12.992.04 


Interest 316.00 

Home Missionary 69.26 

Literature 22.09 

Total $19, 165.06 



Receipts in July, 1905. 
Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Atwater, 16.85; Barberton, 10; Burton, personal, 1; 
Centennial, 2.63: Claridon, personal. 1; Cincinnati, Xorth 
Fairmount, 1; Storrs, 2.50; Columbus, 1st, 150; Croton. 
2.50; Cleveland, 1st, 17.63; Greenwich, 3.70; Jefferson, 22.50; 
Lock, 4.00; Marietta, 1st, 180: Monroe, 2nd, 1; Mount Ver- 
non, 20; North Bloomfield, 1; Oberlin, 1st, 29.56; Parkman, 
7; Richmond, 2; Thompson, 5; Weymouth, 2.50; Windham, 
Miss Johnson, 10. Total, $493.43 

Ohio Woman's Home Missionary Union, Mrs. George B. 
Brown. Treas. Bellevue, W. M. S.. 4; Cincinnati, Wal . 
nut Hills, W. M. S.. 8.50; Cleveland, Hough Ave., W- 
M. S., 14; Elyria, 1st. W. A., 20- Hudson, W. M. S.. 
6.20; Huntsburg, W M. S.. 5.60; Ironton, W. M. S ,; Kent, W. M. S. 5.50; Lindenville, W. M. S., 2.50, 
Litchfield, C. E., 5: Lyme, W. M. S., 2.72; Medina, W. 
M. S.,7; New London, W. M. S., 1.72: Springfield, 1st, 
W. M. S., 25.20; C. E, 10: Unionville, W. M. S.. 8; 
Wellington, W. A.. 4; West Millgrove, C. E., 75; for 
Bohemian work: Unionville, S. S., 5. 

O. H. M. S ..._ $158.79 

General Total $657.22 




Receipts in May, June and July, 1905. 

J. William Rice, Treasurer, Providence. 

Central Falls, Legacy from the ""state of Stephen L. 
Adams, t .066 66; Kingston, 70; Newport, United Cli., 
15 83; Pawtucket, Park PI. Ch , 3; Providence, Plymouth 
Ch , 5. Total'. |i,i6o. 4 g 


Receipts in May, 1905. 

John W. Ihff, Treasurer, Chicago, 111. 

Abingdon, C. E., 5; Bunder Hill, 24.25; Chicago, 1st, 
5.50; Mayflower, 12.22; Creston, 3.96; Danvers, 12; 
Evanston, 1st. 217. 2g; Harvey, 5.0.3; Highland, 4; Mattoon, 
C. E. 8; North Dakota, 12; Oak Park, 1st, 51.02; 3rd. 13.20; 
Oneida, 4.57; Park Ridge, 1st, 6; Princeton, 48.08; Quincy, 
ist,- 311.08; Rockford, 1st C. E., 6; Seward, Win. Co. 
14.25; Soraonauk, C. E., 2.20; West Chicago, 32.35; South 
Chicago, Rev. G. H. Bird, 20; Johet, Rev. S. Penfield, 

5; Ministerial Bureau, 5. 
Illinois W. H. M. U., 768.58. Total $1596.64 

Receipts in June, 1905. 

Aurora, ist, 37. 8q; Belvidere, 6. go; Champaign, C. E. 
25; Dixon, 20; Chicago, Evanston Ave.,; Warren 
Ave , q.48; Douglass Park, 8.52; Granville, 44.77; and 
30.25; Marseilles, 125; S. S., 5.45; Roodhouse, S. S , 3.10; 
Richmond, 4; Shaw, S. S.,2.50; Seward, ist, 6; Champaign, 
Professor, I. O. Baker, 10; Ministerial Bureau, 5. 

Illinois W. H. M. U., 66.95. Total $424.89- 

Receipts in July, 1905. 

Chicago, ist, 28.34; Warren Ave , 5.08; Pilgrim, 
12 50; Elgin, ist, 66.71; Evanston, ist, 71; Ivanhoe, 75; 
Lyonsville, 17.70; Millburn, 13.57: Morton Park, 5 50; Oak 
Park, ist, 15 50 and 100; Payson, 39.73; Prophetstown, n; 
Ravenswood, 45; Wilmette, 21; Chicago, Arthur Millard, 
20; Blue Island, C. M. Heffron. 50; Beverly Hills, Mrs. 
Shonts, 5; Elgin, L. V. Seaman, 5; Dr. C. L. Morgan, 
15; Englewood, C M Avery, 2; Ministerial Buieau,s; 
Interest and Rent, 80.52. 
Illinois W H. M. U.. ,,.,,,. Total $801.30 


August, 1905. 

Not in commission last year . 

Blodgett, E. A., Elagler, Colo. 

Coffin, Joseph, Atlanta, Ga. 

Ford, Jesse, Baxley (la. 

Gasque, Wallace, Gilmore, Ga.; Greenaway, Bran- 
don, Winona, Minn. 

Holmes, Clarence L., Mecklingand Lesterville, So- 

Parr, Walter R.. Anderson Ind. 

Schwabenland, John C. Cedar Mills Ore.; Stadler, 
Karl. Michigan City, Ind.; Symons, Henry, Twin Val- 
ley, Minn. 

Weatherby, Wade H., Grand Saline, Texas. 
Re-c out missioned. 

Bartunek, Antonio McKeesport andDuquesne. Pa.; 
Baskerville, Mark, Spokane, Wash.; Burnett, William, 
Valdez, Alaska. 

Cunningham, Robert A., Nassau and Marietta, Minn- 

Danford, J. W., Hopkins, Minn.; Doyle, A. A., Kern, 

Edwards, Jonathan. Washtucna, Wash. 

Franzen, Herbert L., Little Ferry, N I. 

Goodwin, Samuel H., Provo City, Utah; Griffith, 
Thomas L., Cambria. Minn.; Grob, Gottfried, Sutton, 

Heald, Josiah H., Gallup, New Mex ; Henderson, T. 
H., Touchet, Wash ; Hilkerbaumer, Richard, South 
Milwaukee, Wis.; Hilliard, Samuel M., Myron and 
Cresbard So. Dak.; Hodges, H. A., Weatherford, 
Okla ; Hughes, William A., Maltby, Wash ; Humph- 
reys, Oliver M., Gage Okla. 

Jones, Harry H.. Eden and Jensen, Fla. 

Kershaw, Charles H. Herndon, \'a.; Kilbon, George 
L.W., Letcher and Loomis, So. Dak.; Knudson, Albert 
L., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Larson, Anton R.; Columbia So. Dak. 

Moore, John W., Wheatland, Wyo. 

Poison, August, Lincoln, Nebr.; Pope, George S.^ 
Mission Hill, So. Dak.; Preiss, John M. Eureka, Wash. 

Schermerhorn, L. V., Park Rapids, Minn.; Stahmer, 
Heiniich C, Crete, Nebr.; Stanton, J B., Denver, 
Colo ; Steele, J. T., Harmony. Bethel and Deer Creek, 
Okla.; Stockwell, Cyrus K., Alexandria, Ind. 

Tillman, W. H.. Atlanta. Ga ; Trcka, Charles J., St. 
Paul, Minn ; Thirloway, Timothy, Turton, So. Dak.; 
Thorn, A. A , Bowdle, So. Dak.; Tomlin, David R., 
Spearfish, So. Dak. 

Umsted, Owen, Newport, Wash. 

Whalin, J. C , Lake Park, Minn.; Woodcock, A. C, 
Bagley, Minn. 


August, 1905. 

For account 0/ receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 

see pages iS^-b. 
MAINE— $1,000. 

Maine Miss. Soc, by W. P. Hubbard, Treas., 1,000. 

N. H. H. M. Soc, by A. B. Cross, Treas., 20; Benning- 
ton, C. E. 2; Goffstown, 3.50; Orford, 8.50. 
VERMONT— $25. 

Georgia, Mrs. J. L. Loomis and W. T. Loomis, 10; 
Greensboro, S. E. French 5; Vermont, A Friend, 5; 
Windsor, Mrs. A. E. Wardner, 5. 

MASSACHUSETTS^$r, 727. 98: of which legacies, $550. 
Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., 15.77; 
Beverly, Estate of Mrs. Mary E. Mason, 500; Blandford, 
ist, 30 75; Bradford, ist, C. E., 126.60; Bridgewater, W. 
F. Leonard, 5; Brighton, Mrs. M. S. Keene, 10; Mrs. 
A. F. Spaulding, 10; Cambridge, Pilgrim, 10; Cherry 
Valley, Mrs. A. J. Johnson, r; Dedham, ist. 86.36; East 
Bridgewater, Mrs. H. R. Richards. 2 50; Greenwich, A 
Friend in Cong. Ch., 1: Haverhill, Mrs. M. M. Tib- 
betts, 5; Holyoke, Mrs M. E. Knowlton, 2; Mrs. E 
Smith, 50; Jamaica Plain, C. T. Bauer, 10; H A. [os- 
lin, 25; Lancaster, W. H. Blood, 10; Leverett, Miss H. 

Field. 1; Marshfield, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bourne, 10 
Massachusetts, Friends, 25; Two Friends, 2; Northamp; 
ton, ist, Dorcas Soc, 50; North Attleboro, Mrs. J. H- 
Burt. 5; No. Weymouth, Mrs. L. M. Ourney, 2; Roslin- 
dale, F. W. Mitchell, 10; Roxbury, C. F. Fish, 10; Mrs 
E. M. Leach, 5; Shrewsbury, Estate of Sarah S. Hast- 
ings, 50; Sterling, C. B. Kingsbury, 1; Sturbridge, E. 
Hutchins, 2: S. E. Hyde, 10; A Friend 1; Sunderland, 
97; Swampscott, H. C. Childs, 5; Taunton, G. H. John- 
son 1: C. M. Johnson, 1; E. P. Rand, 10; Walpole, L. 
J. Gould, 2; Wayland, Friends, 50; Westford, Union, 30. 

Woman's H. M. Association (of Mass. and Rhode Island ), 

Miss L. I). White, Treas., 

For Salary Fund, $432.00 

Milbury, 2nd, _ 15.00 

Total, 447.00 

CONNECTICUT, $4,530.85; of which legacies, $•>, 282.80., 
Andover, 8; Bloomfield, 6; Boardmans, 6.26; Danbury. 
Cash, 10; JewettCity, 2nd, 8.28; Milford, ist, 6.40; New 
Canaan, 20; New Haven, Estate of Lucv M. Bradley, 
1,652; New London, ist Ch. of Christ, Mission Study 


Class, 10.75; North Stomngton, .is; Norwich, Broadway, Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Treas. , 

, ; Old Lyme, isl. $5.40; Orange, 25.16; Plymouth, Mrs. Akeley, 2; Austin, 16.05; Benson, e; Big Lake, 2 50; Cot- 

(,. 1. 1 ; rdoo, 1; Ridgefield, 1st S. S Primary Dept., tage Grove, 5; Detroit, C. I'"., 2.50; Dodge Center, ^-70; Du- 

n; |. E. Holmes, 2; Salisbury, n. 81; Southington, 29.99; luth, Pilgrim, 5foung Ladies, eo; Edgerton,5; Excelsior, 

Suffleld, Estate of Susan A. King, 1,384.75; Thomaston, ; <„,; Faribault, 32.46; C. E.,25; Lake City, 3; C E.,7.37; 

Legacy of Mrs. R. A. W. Smith, 50; Warehouse Point, Marshall, [2.50; Minneapolis, Pilgrim, 25; 1st, s; Junior 

Mrs. M. I. Pitts, s; Willimantic, Instate of Jennie A. League, 10; eth, 25; Lyndale, C. E., 6; New Ulm, 

Ford, [96.05; Windsor, ist, C. IC.,6. [.50; Junior C. E.. toe; Ortonville, 1.73; Pelican Rapids, 

„. , . . , . , , j. „ „ 10; St. Paul, Atlantic, A Friend, 2.50; Merriam Park, 

NEW YORK, S757.H4; o! which legacy. >, 7 ., :. ( „,,.,., 8 ( Springfield, 2.00: Wabasha, 3.50. 

Angola, A. 11. Ames, 5; Binghampton, 1st, 50; Brook- ° Total $23861 

lyn, Kev. and Mrs. W. S. Woolworth, 10: Clarkson, Less expenses,".".'.".".'.' 15^00 

Mrs. A. ]. Palmer, 7; Coventryville, A. Mclntyre, ,; J 

Currytown", Mrs. 11. V. Quick, ■<>; Elba, Mrs. A. 1'. Total $22361 
Rice, s\ Maine, 5.12; Pitcher, 7: Syracuse, Estate of 

Mrs. Mary B. Pelton, 478.18; Warsaw. 8.80; Woodville, NEBRASKA, $22.94. 

C. E., 5. Alliance, German, 2.60; Hemingford, 10.09: Omaha, 

Woman's H M. Union, Mrs. J. f. Pearsall, Treas., Cherry Hill, 6; Mrs. C. A. Parker, 2.25; Trenton, isl 

™ nd ^l« w $ I 61,74 NORTH DAKOTA, $52. 14. 

NEW JERSEY, $172.50. Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Fargo, rst, u. 79; Gardner, 

East Orange, Swedes, 2. so; Upper Montclair, I hnst tan , ' Total 

_,J_1„..„« » „ Carrington, Miss A. C. Edwards, -5.75; Crary, 1st, 15; 

PENNSYLVANIA, $38.15. Getchell 17 

Blossburg, 2nd, ».eo: Harford, s: Malianoy City, \. G. 

Morgan, 2.65; Philadelphia, Kensington, 15; Pittsburg, SOUTH DAKOTA, $.|o. 06. 

Swedes, 5 ; S. S. 1'nritan 2; Titusville, Swedes, ,. Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Aurora, Friends 22.50. 

MARYLAND Si- Ashton and Athol, 3; Eureka, German, 5; South Shore, 

Baltimore, Vncf,' C. K. 15. 5 ; Valley Springs, 4.56. 

ALABAMA, $5.33. COLORADO, Si .14.81. 

Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke, Calera, 75c; Clanton, Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Fondis, 1; Hayden, 10. 

1; Deatsville, 1.13; Verbena, 1. Total 3.88 Total $11.00 

Mobile, 1st, r.45. Colorado Springs, ist, 93.75: Denver, Pilgrim, 3.20; Fort 

ARKANSAS $10.50. Collins, Rev P. Burkhardt, 5; Loveland, German, 10.16; 

Gentry 1050 Otis, 1.70. 

INDIAN 'TERRITORY, $ , "E^st "o. 

Holdenville, ist, 2.10. 

OKLAHOMA, $7. 82. NEVADA, $3. rwwn ., 

Cashion, 1.05; Okarche, 1.25; Hennessey, 2.22; Lawton, Logan, Mr. and Mrs. ( >. G. Church, 5. 

3-3°- CALIFORNIA, $261.09. 

OHIO S48 Received by Rev. J. L. Maile, Los Angeles, Rev. (i. A. 

Kin'gsville, Mrs. S. C. Ke'logg, iS; North Madison, 2; Rawson, 10; Pasadena, Westside, 125.60; W. H. M. 

Windham 28 *- nton, by Mrs. E. C. Norton, Treas, 80. 1 otal.215.60 

' ' Barstow, ist, 4.54; Etiwanda, 3.50; La Canada, 5: Los 

INDIANA, $3. Angeles, (). S. Adams, 5; Norwalk, Bethany, 11.45; Santa 

Indianapolis, Rev A. (.. I)eteh,3. An £ lSt I() 

ILLINOIS, $725; of which legacy, $7™. « n Jrrtw ft * 

„, ,- . r 1, tt „■„ , „ OREGON— $10. <,,. 

Chicago, l-.state of Rev. Henry \\ illard, 700; Geneseo, j Park Place Tualatin, 1.50. 
A Friend, 25. 

MISSOURI, $163.62. WASHINGT0N-$i3.85 

Carthage, A Friend, 100; Honey Creek, 10.30; St. Louis, Aberdeen, Swedes 3.85; Endicott, 3; St. John, 7. 
Pilgrim. 53. 52. 

WISCONSIN, $3. 25. Contributions $5,081. 76 

Clintonville, Scand., 2.25; Glenwood, Swedes, 1. Legacies 7,410.98 

mm. c, r $12,492.74 

iuwa, ^25. Interest 1 083 06 

McGregor, J. H. Ellsworth. 25. Home Missionary""" .".".".".""." 31.81 

MINNESOTA, $2,641.61; of which legacy, $2 400. Literature 34-75 

Kasota, Swedes, 3; Mazeppa, ist, 15; Winona, Estate 

of George F. Hubbard, 2.400. Total $13,642.36 



Receipts in August 1905. I2 1 Worcester. Plymouth, 37.18; Designated for C. H. 

T ^ „ -x m -r, ^ „» M. S.,Mattapan, Miss F. A. Bowles, s; West Springfield, 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. lSt< Jg . whitinsville, Mrs. M F. W. Abbott, 10. 

Amherst, South, 8.32; Aiidover, West. 15.37; Berkeley, Woman's H. M. Assn., Ella A. Smith, Asst. Treas. 

3; Blackstone, ,7; Boston, Italian 8.14: Income of M. Salary for Italian Worker. 70; 
Brumbecomb. 20; Carver, ist. 17; Chelmsford, Central, 

1; Concord, Trinitarian. 20.17; Edgartown, ^.22; Fitch- Summary, 
burg, Finns, 12.08: Finns. The Cape, 9.12; Framingham, 

Saxonville, 20; Gloucester, Bethanv. 52.50; Granville, £-egu "j-;""/VV-r~~i>" o $ I >33°-54 

We-t, 5; Greenwich Village, 10; Hatfield, 44.26: Holbrook, E esl T? n ? r , C ' b — 34 -°° 

Winthrop, 58.55: Ipswich, South, 100; Lawrence, South. } ; • "• ,v . '--- 70.00 

ti.;;: Maynard", Finn, 2.50; Melrose, Highlands. 14.99; Home Missionary 50 

Middleboro, North. 33.05; ist 19-05; Newton, ist, 133.41; _, 

North Easton, Swedish 9; Oxford, ist, 30; Phillipston, 6; total $1,435.04 

Pittsfield, French, 20; Prescott, ist, 7.75; Ouincy Finns, missTnivARV snrTVTV nv rnTravrTTrrfT 

9.25; Income of D. Reed Fund. 48; Randolph, ist, THE MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF CONNECTICUT. 

199.86; Rochester, North, 3; Rockport John Butman. 5; Receipts in August, 1905. 

South Hadley Falls, 37.10; Springfield, Olivet, 10.40; 

Swedish, 5.50; Sturbridge. 21.75; Tarrytown, Mrs. E. D. Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

B., j; Tolland, 7.71; Uxbridge, ist. 26.50; Wakefield, 35.48; 

Waltham, Trinity, 41. 38; West Springfield, Park St., 37; Berlin, 2nd, S. S., Special for Italian Work, 35; 

Whitinsville, Mrs. M. F. W. Abbott, 32; Extra Cent Italian Mission, 5.55; Bristol, ist, 27. 14; Columbia, 10.69; 



for C. H. M. S.. 10.70; Ellsworth, q; Greenfield, 28.73; 
Haddam, ist. 8: Middletown, 1st. 18 g8; New Loadon, 1st. 
46.63; North Woodbury, 27.26; Old Saybrook, 6.50: for C. 
H. M. S., 6.5 >: Plainfield, 5. i>; Plaatsville, Miss Dorothy 
Pease, 5; Plymouth, 8.75; Sharon, 18.57; Simsbury, 14.96; 
Southington, 5.81: Stonington, ist. 117;; Warren, 1; 
West Avon, 4.84; Woodbury, 7.61; Woodstock, ist, 24.24. 

M. S. C .- -- $334-33 

C. H. M. S - 17.20 

Total $35i-S3 

Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Receipts in August, 1905. 

Barberton, 10; Burton, 10.80: Charlestown, 2.81; Cleve- 
land, Euclid Ave., 55; Edinburg, 19.90; Friend, 20; 

Lenox, 5: C. E., 5: Marblehead, 10; Medina, Fund int; 
45.50; Nelson, 5; No. Fairfield, S. S., 5; Painesville, ist 
20; Steuben, 3.50; Twinsburg, 12. 

Total. 229.51 


Receipts in August, 1905. 

Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treasurer, Greenville. 

Bronson, W. H. M., U. 9; Galesburg, W. H. M. U., 20; 
Grand Rapids, Parker Mem'l, W. M. S., 2; Highland, 
W. H. M. S., 5; Litchfield, W. M. S., 21; Mancelona, \V. 
H. M. S., 20; Stanton, W. H. M. S., 9.50. 

Total .$86. 50 

Young People's Fund. 

Grand Rapids, Barker Mem'l Jr. C. E., 2; Rochester, 

C. E 5; Romeo, 10; Total $17.00 

Total for Home Missions $10.50 


[Concluded from page 173-) 

It is up to the laymen to restore the 
heroic in the Christian service if they would 
see a genuine revival of religion. 

There is nothing in the world that appeals 
to men and women like a fight, and this is 
why the race courses and athletic fields and 
the prize ring draw such crowds of people. 
Charles Sprague wrote fifty years ago in 
description of a sick man in his easy chair: 
"Let but two dogs at his window chance to 
fight, he shuts his Bible to enjoy the sight. " 
The fighting quality that isin all men needs 
to be turned in the right direction and we 
will have heroic Christians. Men will not 
enlist under the gospel banner if we display 
the white feather and are ready to pull 
down the flag. They will enlist to fight 
but not to surrender. 

I am not sure the American people are 
ready for a revival of religion however great 
the need. The Russian people went into 
the war unprepared. Is not there too much 
preaching of doctrines that divide instead 
of doctrines that unite. 

Maybe there must come the wind and 
the flood which will destroy the buildings 
whose foundation is the sand. " Whoever 
heareth these sayings and doe»:h them is 
like a wise man who built his house on the 
rock." Hearing and doing the gospel are 
what we laymen need before we can do 
much service in bringing in the better day. 

We may build monuments founded on 
theory, on the philosophy of the hour, or on 
anything that masquerades in the name of 
science, or on silver and gold and precious 
stones, and displace scripture with our 
dreams and deceive the simple and if possi- 
ble the very elect, yet such building is but 
the fabrics of a vision as fleeting as the 
vapor that vanisheth. In the coming spirit- 
ual awakening the layman's part will be 
building on the eternal foundations: God, 
"with whom is no variableness nor the 
shadow of turning;" Jesus Christ, "the 
same yesterday and forever;" the gospel, 
"heaven and earth shall pass away, but my 
words shall not pass away ;" the Bible " the 
grass withereth and the flowers fadeth, but 
the word of our God shall stand forever." 

The great need of the American people 
to-day is the gospel, but we cannot preach 
the gospel unless the gospel is in us. We 
cannot carry the gospel to men and women 
of the world unless we have the gospel to 
carry. I do not think a little individual 
work on our own account and in our be- 
half would come amiss along the lines we 
have been discussing. We cannot remem- 
ber, many things so I leave with you one 
word never needed so much in the world as 
now and which men of sound mind are be- 
ginning to realize — that word is the Gospel 
the Gospel, the Gospel. 

Rudolph Lenz 


62-65 Bible House 

New York 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. Y. 

Henry C. King, D.D., President 
Toskph B. Clark, D.D., Washington Choate, D.D., 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 

Watson L Phillips, D.D., Chairman Rev. Livingston L. Taylor, Recording Secretary 
thom\s c MacMillan S. P. Cadman. D.D. C. C. West 

Edward N Packard D.D. Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. George P. Stockwell 

R™ William H Holman Sylvester B. Carter Rev. Henry H. Kelsey 

William H. Wanamaker George W. Hebard 

Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PuddefOOT, South Framingham, Mass. 
Field Assistant, Miss M. Dkan MoFFATT. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio 

Edw. D. Curtis. D.D... Indianapolis. Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

S F. Gale D.D ... Jacksonville, Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson : Denver, Colo. 

Geo R Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Alfred 'K. \V ray, D.D Carthage, Mo. Arizona, Utah and Idaho), 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle. Wash. Salt Lake Citv 

Rev W B D Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. John L. Made Los Angeles, Cal. 

Harmon Bross, D. D.'.V.V.V. Lincoln, Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp Forest Grove, Ore. 

Rev \ T Clarke Fort Payne. Ala. Rev. Charles A. Jones, 412 South 45th St.. Phila.. Pa. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D. Atlanta, Ga. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

J ' Tex. Rev. T- Homer Parker . Kingfisher, Okla. 

W. H. Thrall, D.D Huron, S. Dak. Geo. L. Todd, D.D. . Havana, Cuba 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary Maine Missionary Society - 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard. Treasurer " " ." ------ =, -: Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society.... Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer » ■ .. " - Concord. N. H. 

Charles H. Merrill D.D., Secretary. .Vermont Domestic St. johnsbury. \ t. 

J. T. Richie, Treasurer " " ' T -St. Johnsbury, \ t. 

F E. Emrich, D.D., Secretary Massachusetts Home " * 609 Cong 1 House, 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer..:.. " " S B ? s * on ,' M 1 asi ^ 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary Rhode Island " " ... Central Falls, R. I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer . Providence, R. L 

Rev. JoelS. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford. Conn. 

Ward W Jacobs Treasurer '" " Hartford, Lonn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary ..... .New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22 d St. .New York 

rkvfnn S Pitrh. Trpa^nrpr ' " Fourth Ave. and 22d St. . New \ork 

...Cleveland. Ohio 

..Cleveland, Ohio 

. I 153 La Salle St., 

j Chicago 

Beloit, Wis. 

.Whitewater, Wis 

Grinnell, Iowa 

. Des Moines, Iowa 

. . Lansing. Mich. 

.Lansing, Mich. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Secretary Ohio 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer " 

A. M. Brodie, D.D., Secretary .Illinois 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer .... " 

Homer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary. Wisconsin 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer 

T. O. Douglass, D.D.. Secretary Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer ** 

William H.Warren. D.D., Secretary .Michigan 
Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary.... Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka. Kan. 

H.C.Bowman, Treasurer..., " " " ■ . " ---- — ^ To P^ ka - K r a I\- 

Rev. T- K. Harrison, Secretary .California Home Missionary Society San Francisco. Cal. 

Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis. Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Newell, Superintendent. " - gt. Louis. Jo. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer " St. Louis, Mo 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trusf, to pay oyer the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasureaof the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New \ ork. in the 

year eigMeen hundred Ind twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

Society, and under its direction. ... - „'i»,, t — .- 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 

Honorary Life Member. 


Pr ™by Hist Soc 
ill 9 Walnut at 


Absolutely Pure 



Be sure that you get the original. For sale everywh 
Mail 25c. Sample Tree. Try Mctinen's Violet Talcum. 
<.I ltll \KU HEXXBN CO., Vew .irh, \. J. 



lor TAe Toilet 


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Entered at »he Post-Office, at New York, N. Y., as second-class [mail] matter 




For NOVEMBER, 1905. 



Rev. A. E. Rfcker ...... 


Rev. William H. Lawall . . . 

The Border Land of Nebraska — The American Board at the West 
October Delay 

(AN APPEAL.) . . . 

To the Rescue. Will You Help? * 

The Rarity of the Gospel. John H. Andress . 

The Downward Trend. Joseph C Noyce . 
Is the Spirit of Heroism Dead? Charles W. Preston 

Nebraska and Self-support. H, C. Herring . 

Fresh Baptism of Brotherliness, C. H. Patton . 



Observations ...... 

What Others Do— What Can We Do— Ernest Bourner Allen 

Heroes of the Cross in America. Chas. J. Ryder 

Opening of the Fall Missionary Campaign in Philadelphia. Geo. D 
Orner ....... 


Means to Ends— Promise at Birmingham, Alabama— Formalism Yield 
ing— Four Hundred and Fifty Square Miles— The Memory of Dr, 
Schauffler— Three Sermons and Thirty-five Miles a Sunday— A Modern 
Babel — Inquiring Mormons — Bum Lambs— New Life at Alva — The 
Coming of the Railroad— Not Too Young for the Church — Trial by 
Fire — Paying and Giving— The Free Will Offering — A Long Service— A 
Men's Society. 


The New England Woman in the Southwest — A Timely Suggestion — 
A New Thought — The Missionary Box— Gems. 
















Published monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 






A I ) V E K T I S E K 


of the' cross 
in amerTcTa 

Don O. Shelton 

The First Home Mission Text 

Book in the Foward 

Mission Study Series 

For Mission Study Classes 
in Young People's Societies 

For Women's Home Mission 

For General Reading 

3<»2 Pages. Handsomely 
Bound. Illustrated. Cloth, 50 
Cents. Paper, 35 Cents. Postage 
10 Cents Extra. 

uome Interesting Comments 

| ii si now. when the attention of the world is incused 
on Oregon and Marcus Whitman, there is a growing 
appreciation of those rugged pioneers who coveted the 
western country for God. Don ( ). Shelton. who is held 
in such esteem in the Young Men's Christian Association, 
seized the right moment to present in "Heroes ol the 
Cross in America," a group of biographies of five Amer- 
ican pioneer missionaries, David Brainerd, John M. 
Peck, Marcus Whitman, John L. Dyer and Joseph Ward. 
These men had the wood* cunning of Kit 
Carson, the faith and endurance of Paul .and 
the lovjnu: spiril of David Llvingtone. It is a 
well written book, full of interest, as well as information. 
Frank W. Ober, Editor Association Men. 

The hook is extremely interesting. It 
will appeal at once to the general reader, 
young or old, because it has the human touch thai 
always tells; and to those who make its subjects a 
study it will reveal the secret of true happiness, of ser- 
vice, and of nobility of character. Nowhere in the 
same number of pages ean one find more 
matter that makes for righteousness, for true 
Americanism. Pastors who wish to awaken a re- 
vival spirit in their churches could not do a more ef- 
fective thing than to secure the reading by their members 
of such a book as this. — The Rev. Howard B. Grose, 
Editorial Secretary Baptist Home Mission Society. 

A mission study text-book, but full ol living 
human interest. Pastors and young people will find 
the volume an excellent basis for definite home mission 
studv. — The Missionary Review of the World. 

It fills a long unoccupied place in our missionary 
literature. Its appeal to the heart along per- 
sonal biographical lines is at once direct 
and decisive. I shall certainly use it soon 
as a text-book with our young people. It 
ought to be in every Sunday school library. Every 
young people's society ought to secure copies and circu- 
late them among its members. — The Rev. Ernest 
Bourner Allen, Toledo, Ohio. 

Questions, literary references, and lists of topics 
for cliscussions make it a serviceable text-book. 

— The Outlook. 

The marginal titles are a great boon to students 
as well as to the general reader, while the questions 
for study following each* chapter invite and 
almost compel a careful reading. — The Rev. 
Dr. J. B. Clark. Author of "Leavening the Nation." 




- ,v 1 I- '.l HI li Al KM I, 







Secretary of the Congregational Home Missionary Society 

12 mo, illustrated, 362 pages, net $1.25 
Student's Edition, Red Paper Covers, 50 Cents 


"Will make a standard history of home missionary work. The book is popular 
in its style, and will be found to be extremely readable." 


"A valuable book written with the most generous spirit of love, not prejudice. 

JAMES S. DENNIS D.D., Students' Lecturer on Missions, Princeton, 1893 
and 1896. 

"I know of no book on Home Missions so informing and valuable to an earnest 
reader as 'Leavening the Nation.' A careful and thoughtful perusal cannot fail to 
put one into historic sympathy with the missionary enterprise, and awaken an intelli- 
gent comprehension of its immense import. It is a happy combination of history 
and heroism, and patriotism and pious achievement, of expansion in its best light, 
and the noblest aspects of the making of a great nation." 



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382 West 13th Street, Ncw York 


-37th YEAR 




en writing to advertisers please mention The Home Missionary 



vol. lxxix NOVEMBER, 1905 

No. 6 


By Rev. A. E. Rickkr 
A urora, Nebraska 


NEBRASKA has claims to dis- 
tinction. Eighty years be- 
fore the Mayflower anchored 
in Plymouth bay, European feet 
traversed her river valleys and 
greedy conquistadors ravished her 
Indian villages. As early as 1673, 
when New Haven, Connecticut, was 
thirty-five years old and John Eliot 
was yet fulfilling his splendid mis- 
sion to the Indians of New England, 
Marquette, the Jesuit, made a map 
showing, with surprising accuracy, 
the river courses and rolling prairies 
of Nebraska territory. 

To her antiquity may be added 
her superb position and natural 
wealth. Within her borders — -which 
all New England is not large enough 
to fill — meet the rich agricultural 
soil of the Mississippi valley and the 
elevated tablelands of the Rocky 
mountain watershed. Farm pro- 
ducts and cattle combine to make 
Nebraska richer than mines of pre- 
cious metals do her western neigh- 

Sixty-five per cent of her area is 
cultivated and more than sixty-five 
per cent of her farmers own the soil 

they till. Their farms average 271.4 
acres, with an average value of 
about $5,000. Nebraska farm prop- 
erty in 1900 was set down at 8747,- 
950,000. In 1904 her corn crop was 
266,959,194 bushels; wheat, 31,825,- 
850; oats, 66,810,065; other cereals 
'6,782,975; hay, 5,308,790 tons, be- 
sides live stock worth $138,828,187, 
and manufactured products reaching 
152,629,508. Then you must not 
forget "our cows" — 541,361 of 
them — whose music in the milk pail 
was to the tune of $1 1,000,000. Ne- 
braska's hens also cackled over a 
nest of 19,700,000 dozen eggs, and a 
dressed poultry product of 4,158,957 
pounds. The staples of Nebraska 
are the necessary food products on 
which the world lives. 

But there are two Nebraskas; one 
farm land, the other cattle country. 
The former, 50,000 square miles in 
extent, is divided into 121,000 farms 
as productive as the Louisiana Pur- 
chase affords. The latter, 26,000 
square miles in area, though it has 
fertile valleys and "watered gar- 
dens" is simply "our pasture." 
Approach us from Iowa, and, in blue 


jeans, standing among gang plows, 
self-binders, press-drills, listers and 
cream separators, we smile you a 
farmer's welcome. Come to us from 
Wyoming, and we drop our lariats 
and branding irons, ride out on sad- 
dle-ponies to open the wire gate, 
bring you to our ranch house, where 
all that it affords is free to you, and 
you may admire our sleek herds of 
white-faced cattle (Herefords) to 
your heart's content. This cattle 
country is itself a diversified land. 

First: The sand hills, treeless, 
grass covered sand-dunes, with in- 
terspersed hay valleys and often 
shallow lakes; abundant water, hay 
and range make it the paradise of 
cattle men. It probably occupies in 
the western part of central Nebraska 
some 19,000 square miles. 

Second: Beyond this region is 
the high, buffalo-grass table land, 
wide in extent, with river valleys, 
like the Lodge Pole, Platte and Nio- 
brara, and between them elevated 

plains often cropping out in lofty 
buttes of grotesque shapes; like 
"Court House" and "Chimney" 
rocks, and Scott's Bluff, the highest 
point in the state, 6,000 feet above 
sea level. 

Third: The Pine Ridge and Bad 
Lands — a rough triangle embracing 
the White River and Hat Creek val- 
leys, in the three northwestern 
counties of the state. The Pine 
Ridge is a fine range of wooded, 
rock-crowned hills, rising 1,000 feet 
above the White River valley, from 
whose heights is a splendid vista — 
away to the Dakota Black Hills on 
the northern horizon. Here, too, 
are the Bad Lands — vast bed of an 
ancient lake, or sea — rich depository 
of geologic ages, fossil collections 
which have enriched the museums 
of the world. This vast grazing coun- 
try of cheap lands and generous 
privileges was a wonderland of 
opportunity to the men who knew it. 

Twenty-five years ago, in Chey- 


enne county, a quiet, silent man 
from Pennsylvania was " freight- 
ing " on the Black Hills " trail." A 
dark- eyed maiden from Tennessee, 
then living with her parents in Sid- 
ney, won his heart. They " took up 
claims " ioo miles north on the Run- 
ning Water (Niobrara), and now a 
splendid ranch home is theirs. Ir- 
rigated meadows, cutting annually 
400 tons of hay, ample gardens and 
pasturage, a herd of 500 glossy- 
black galloways, provides royally for 
a family that now would make glad 
our good President Roosevelt's 

Again : From Texas came a young 
man to the elevated grass lands of 
Sioux county, 200 miles beyond the 
last homestead claim. He gath- 
ered the nucleus of a herd, estab- 
lished himself in a comfortable home 
and, like Jacob of old, gave himself 
patiently to building up. Now he 
lives in the finest residence in west- 
ern Nebraska, owns controlling 
stock in a national bank, on his^ 
ranches run 10,000 head of cattle, 
and in a recent business transaction, 
as a part of his consideration, he 
wrote his personal check for $75,000. 

All have not prospered on such a 
scale, but scores of men who went 
into those grazing lands poor, twenty 
or thirty years ago, are now proprie- 
tors of extensive ranches. This 
western cattle country is Nebraska's 
frontier. It is, and will for years 
remain, a genuine frontier. This is 
so for the following reasons: 

First: From the method of its 
settlement. Separated by formid- 
able distances from centers of popu- 
lation, it was entered, in advance of 
schools and churches, by hardy, rest- 
less men, bent on making money. 
Having isolated themselves from so- 
cial and refining privileges and 
brought up their families while herds 
increased and land was acquired, it 
is not strange that they are mate- 
rialistic in spirit and their children 
weak in sacred history and the cate- 

Second: The sparse and scattered 
population. Where pastures are 
measured by miles and herds are 
large, dwellings must be far apart, 
social advantages few and meetings 
of any kind sustained with difficulty. 

Third : The long distances be- 
tween towns large enough to sup- 




port Christian institutions, from 
Broken Bow (pop. 1,375) to Hyan- 
nis (pop. 200), on the Burlington 
railroad, is 131 miles, and the largest 
settlement between has 150 people. 
From Hyannis to Alliance (pop. 
2,535) * s fifty-eight miles and noth- 
ing between could be called a town. 
This is the situation even on the 
railroad. Away from the railroad 
even the post offices are in private 
houses. Organizing and sustaining 
churches, or affording any adequate 
Christian ministration under these 
conditions is a problem the Nebraska 
Home Missionary Society has stud- 
ied earnestly and long. 

Fourth: The size of this frontier 
field. It is nearly as large as Massa- 
chusetts, Vermont and New Hamp- 
shire combined. To Crawford from 
Broken Bow, just spanning our fron- 
tier, is 247 miles, and from Lincoln, 
the home of Superintendent Bross, 
it is 419 miles. North and south, 

the span is 20S miles. These condi- 
tions make evangelization in our 
frontier so difficult the danger is 
that all denominations will mass 
their forces in nearer and cozier 
fields, leaving the cattlemen and 
their families in spiritual destitu- 

In this situation the local churches 
are too few and scattered to minis- 
ter to more than a fraction of the 
population. Along the two lines of 
railroad that cross our frontier, the 
Northwestern and the Burlington, 
approximately 530 miles of rail, are 
eighteen churches of our order and 
in some instances 140 miles between 
churches. Off these roads are a 
very few others. Here, the noblest 
of our pastors, contending with vast 
difficulties, preach often, as do mis- 
sionaries, Stocking at Burwell, 
Noyce at Brewster, and Evans at 
Taylor; at numerous out stations 
and mission Sunday schools, are 




rendered valiant and fruitful service 
with ability and devotion beyond 

But to the methods of the local 
church must be added that of the 
itinerant missionary. Through its 
veteran superintendent and his 
assistant missionaries, our sister 
society in the Sunday school field, 
have visited county after county, 
organized and fostered Bible 
schools, preached and conducted 
institutes, evangelized and wrought 
for the Master in a service that has 

To the worker she said: " It"s im- 
possible to organize a Sunday school 
in D — . It's too wicked. For my 
part I won't be mixed up with such 
people." Her husband, not a Chris- 
tian, said: " If you could organize a 
a Sunday school over there, you 
could raise the dead." Yet, un- 
abashed, tne worker entered, suc- 
ceeded in gathering on that first 
Sunday twenty-four children and 
two women. Others had promised 
to help. A Sunday school was or- 
ganized. At the close of the first 

i.* : ^ 


proved to be singularly practical, 
economical and efficient. 

Located twenty miles from the 
railroad, in the western edge of our 
frontier, was the community of D— . 
Four years ago there was no church, 
no Sunday school, no religious meet- 
ing of any kind. Fourth of July 
had just been celebrated with horse 
racing, drinking, gambling, and 
topped off at night with a rollicking 
dance. In similar manner Sundays 
were spent, and every Saturday 
night brought its dance. A few 
miles away lived a woman who was 
the only Christian in the vicinity. 

quarter the missionary and his wife 
were present, a program was given 
in which the ehildren spoke temper- 
ance pieces and fifteen Bibles were 
presented to children who had 
learned the golden texts for that 
quarter. An institute and an 
evangelistic campaign resulted in the 
conversion of the saloonkeeper's 
wife and others. Christian day- 
school teachers and the new recruits 
were enlisted, and from that day 
the Bible school and preaching se r- 
vices have been sustained, the old 
coarse amusements and profanity 
have largely disappeared and the 



whole community has been morally 

Our own general missionary, Rev. 
N. L. Packard, having been at work 
here less than a year, writes of 
whole counties where our home mis- 
sionary and his little frontier 
church afford the only religious 

In one such case the missionary 
and his wife, whose field embraces the 
larger part of four counties, stretch- 
ing for sixty miles along the rail- 
road, and whose preaching stations 
are legion, have for five years 
wrought with patience and fortitude, 
enduring sand-hill fleas, isolation 
and hardship, as good soldiers of 

In the county where there is no 
regular minister, three nights of 
meetings by the general missionary 
resulted in conversions and five ac- 
cessions to the church. In another 
woefully destitute community Sun- 
day school and bi-monthly preach- 
ing were established, and a ten days' 
evangelistic campaign in a sod 
school house resulted in the conver- 
sion of parents and young men, so 
that homes were transformed, a new 
frame school house was built, a 
church organized and Christian 
standards once again established. 
But the pitiful thing is that such 
Christian ministry at present 

touches but a few isolated points in 
the great Sahara of need. 

< )ur plea is that the gospel of light 
and healing be imparted to the vast 
neglected regions beyond. We must 
not neglect this people. They are 
vigorous and thrifty. Their wealth 
is increasing. They have conquered 
the obstacles of pioneer settlement 
and learned the secret of adapta- 
tion. Their power for good or ill in 
the days to come will be to our 
glory or our shame. One important 
modern improvement of the tele- 
phone was invented by a sand hills 
man. A boy on our frontier was in- 
fluenced by a Congregational home 
missionary church to the higher life, 
gained an education, and is now at 
the head of the department of agri- 
culture in one of the strongest 
state universities in the middle west. 
What splendid dividends do home 
missionary investments pay! In the 
exigency of our present crisis we 
pray for aid. Answer that cry now, 
so that our Nebraska farmers and 
stockmen may be evangelized, their 
splendid energies and abilities, to- 
gether with their vast and rapidly 
increasing wealth, devoted in the 
spirit of Christian stewardship to the 
service of the Kingdom of God, and 
what a superb contribution shall we 
then be able to make to the world- 
wide conquests of our Lord ! 



By Rev. William H. Lawall 

Brooklyn, X. V. 

[Through the following sketch we are 
happy to make our readers acquainted with 
a small but plucky band of German Chris- 
tians known as The German Congregational 
Luther Church, of Brooklyn. Most of 
the members are foreign born, and have 
been trained from childhood in the Luthe- 
ran Church. It is much to the credit of 
that church that many who may be said to 
have been born in its communion, come ul- 
timately to yearn for a deeper and more 
spiritual faith than its forms supply. It is 
thus that these brethren have come to asso- 
ciate themselves under a new name. With- 
out the slightest solicitation from any 
source they have elected to be Congrega- 
tionalists, and have subscribed without hes- 
itation to our Council creed. Beginning 
in a small tenement, soon out-grown, they 
have obtained the title to a larger house 
for which they have paid in part, and which 
furnishes in its parlor floor and basement 
a meeting place for worship and Bible 
study, and, in its upper rooms, a home for 
the pastor and his family. A spirit of in- 
dependence marks this movement ; no ap- 
peal is made for missionary help though 
self support is maintained at the cost of a 
severe struggle, and the people are happy 
in their selt-denying work. In a true mis- 
sionary spirit they are reaching out by per- 
sonal effort after the neglected children 
which abound in the neighborhood of their 
cuhrch home. The pastor, Rev. Mr. Law- 
all, is well suited to such a people, being 
a graduate of the Bible Institute of Chi- 
cago, and charged by nature as well as by 
training with the evangelistic spirit. Only 
a few months ago this little band was recog- 
nised as a church and its pastor installed 
by a Congregational council, in a service 
that is remembered still for its tenderness 
and spiritual fervor. Ed.] 

TH E German Gongregational 
Luther Church had its origin 
in April, 1904, in a small frame 
house on Pacific street, Brooklyn. 
Its object was to do gospel work 
among the poor and neglected Ger- 
mans of South Brooklyn. The en- 

terprise was undenominational for 
almost one year, when it thought best 
to join the Congregational denom- 
ination. After a few months' exis- 
tence a more commodious house was 
purchased for betteraccommodation. 
The church then consisted of fifteen 
active members, and the Sunday 
school averaged only twenty-five in 
attendance. Since then the work has 
steadily developed. The largest at- 
tendance at Sunday school has been 
one hundred and six and the average 
attendance since September, 1904, 
has been seventy-three. A Ladies' 
Aid Society began with eleven mem- 
bers, and now consists of twent-five 
ladies, all exceedingly helpful and 
interested in the work. 

During the months of July and 
August, a company of mothers and 
children were taken to Rockland 
Lake, N. Y. , camping there for the 



season. More than forty of these 
people were entertained, remaining 
two weeks at a time. In this under- 
taking, one Brooklyn paper, the 
Standard Union, assisted with a 
contribution of fioo. Most of these 
children taken out to camp, have 
been found and brought into the 
Sunday school by house to house 

One German family was found on 
Bergen street, who had not been vis- 
ited by a pastor, nor been to any 
church for twenty years. The 
mother of this family sent her 
children and then joined the church 
herself, bringing her husband and 
five others who came into the church 
through herinfluence. Two families 
with eight children were found living 
in two rooms on Warren street. 
Some trouble caused one of these 
families to put the other out. The 
ejected family had nothing but the 
clothing on their back and the father 
was a hard drinker. A place was 
found with another poor family 

where they could stay, beds and 
bedding were found for them, food 
was begged for them and some em- 
ployment found for the women. 
Later on they rented several rooms, 
were enabled to buy some furniture 
on installment, and the father has 
considerably improved, thus partly 
providing for his family, and the 
children attend our Sunday school. 

Another instance where Sunday 
school children brought in children 
of a family in Butler street, who 
had neglected to send their children 
to any Sunday school. Through 
careless living the father became 
severely ill, was sent out to Flatbush 
Hospital, and only through the 
pastor's timely attention, the 
man's life was saved. This man now 
gratefully attends service every Sun- 
day and has improved his mode of 

In another case where the father 
had been a heavy drinker, his em- 
ployer said to the pastor: "Since 
this man attends church he is a 



a changed man ; he now can strike the 
work on the anvil without fail." He 
supports his family properly and im- 
provement is noticed everywhere. 
These are only a few of the many 
experiences the pastor has had since 
April, 1904. 

The building in which church is 
held, and the pastor and family re- 
side, was bought, but has a debt of 
$4,000. Up to date all interest, and 
also all expenses connected with 
the building have been paid. No 
assistance has been received from 
any other church or society. The 
ladies' aid, the Sunday school and 

church members raising all funds 
necessary to defray the minister's 
salary and all expenditures con- 
nected with the work. 

We firmly believe the work is of 
a standing character, not built by 
man alone. 

The present building is not well 
enough adapted to the need. There 
is a necessity for better accommo- 
dations to do better work. To gain 
that point a church building is nec- 
essary. We are trusting the guid- 
ance of God for an opening and pray 
that the day may soon come when 
the way shall be clear. 



The Border Land 
of Nebraska 

NEBRASKA has its own 
frontier. The fact is amply 
demonstrated by Mr. Ricker 
in the opening article of this issue, 
and abundantly confirmed by the 
testimony of Messrs. Andress, Noyce 
and Preston, who know whereof 
they affirm. The missionary con- 
ditions found in the Sand Hills of 
Nebraska do not differ, in kind or 
degree, from those which Ohio and 
Illinois presented in 1825, but which 
have long since disappeared before 
the persistent advance of home mis- 

Yet, between Nebraska of to-day 
and the Northwest Territory of 
eighty years ago, there is a differ- 
ence, and a vital one. Nebraska, as 
a whole, has had half a century of 
home missionary culture. A strong 
body of churches has been developed 
under the lead of several missionary 
boards, until to-day, this state shows 
nearly 3,000 evangelical churches, 
with a property of six and one- 
half million dollars, and a re- 
ligious force of about two hundred 
thousand communicants, or nineteen 
per cent of the population. In this 
splendid fruitage, our church has 
had its share. In a few months, it 
will be fifty years since the American 
Home Missionary Society, began its 
work in the Territory of Nebraska. 
During this half century, it has in- 
vested more than 8650,000 in its Ne- 
braska work ; and there are few 
states that have paid back a richer 
dividend of intelligence and moral 
strength for the capital invested. 

It is with the deepest interest, there- 
fore, that we catch the first notes 
of a rising purpose on the part of 
Congregational Nebraska, to cele- 
brate its fiftieth year by a declara- 

tion of independence. We hail the 
good omen, and wish it a glorious 
fulfillment ! It adds to our pleasure 
also that the National Society, with 
its large stake in the success of 
this movement, is relieved of the 
duty of sounding that note of warn- 
ing against precipitancy which has 
sometimes been mistaken for a policy 
of obstruction. One of Nebraska's 
leading pastors, Dr. Herring of 
Omaha, himself strikes that warning 
note in a communication to The Con- 
gregationalist which we reprint on 
another page. His words deserve 
repetition, as indicating on the part 
of the churches of Nebraska, a pur- 
pose to avoid precipitancy, and a 
hope, in which we heartily join, of 
being able to raise, not only enough 
for its own present and prospective 
work, but something over for the re- 
gions beyond. Says Dr. Herring: 
We arc quite unwilling to take such 
a step, if it shall mean the decrease of 
income and the loss of churches. 
But we are also unwilling to be longer 
a burden upon the denomination at 
large, and we do not believe that we 
need to be. Morever, it is our hope 
and purpose that from the beginning 
of self-support, something shall go for 
work beyond our borders. 

The American Board 
at the West 

The meeting of the American 
Board in Seattle will become historic 
as the first gathering of the churches 
in the interest of foreign missions 
on the Pacific coast. Historic jour- 
neys across the continent have been 
many, from that of Whitman and 
Spalding down, but it may be 
doubted if any of them have been 
more rich in suggestion or more en- 
lightening in effect than the swift 
passage of the American Board 
Pullman Special, through the heart 



of the home missionary zone, to the 
shores of Puget Sound. By way of 
contrast, the pack horse, the mule 
train, the prairie schooner, the stage 
coach, the canal, the five months 
wearisome progress reduced now to 
as many days; all such contrasts 
stagger the imagination; and yet, 
though they seem to belong to a far 
distant past, to more than one of 
these missionary tourists they might 
have been a personal experience and 

But physical contrasts are no 
greater or more startling than the 
moral changes which have swept so 
rapidly over every mile of territory 
traversed by the Seattle Special. 
Such contrasts were not unobserved. 
Already we have testimony from 
letters received and from printed 
statements that the estimate of 
home missionary culture has risen 
to a new value. Indeed, one ride 
across the continent is worth more 
as an eye opener to the supreme 
value of all missionary effort, than 
the study of statistics or the reading 
of many books. We are mistaken 
if this ride, through states that were 
once, and not so long ago, unpeopled 
wilds, but now blossoming with the 
richest fruits of home missionary 
labor, has not proved a revelation to 
many minds, in no way lacking in- 
telligence or historic knowledge. 
The interdependence of home and 
foreign work has also been taught 
anew by many impressive object 
lessons. We are glad to believe also 
that the horizon of our home mis- 
sionaries has been broadened by this 
visit and some of the artificial dis- 
tinctions between home and foreign 
workers have faded away. 

The appeal of Secretary Patton 
for a fresh baptism of brotherliness 
is but one token of that kindly spirit 

which was begotten at Seattle and 
has spread from that mount of privi- 
lege to all parts of the land. Dr. 
Patton has not overdrawn the pic- 
ture of suffering and despair under 
which our home missionary workers 
are just now living their life and ful- 
filling their mission. Dr. Patton is 
a good witness. From his pastoral 
experience east and west, no one 
knows better the supreme import- 
ance of the home work to every in- 
terest of the country. The Home 
Missionary Society deeply appre- 
ciates his touching appeal in behalf 
of his brethren at the front. It was 
needed; it is timely; it will be fruit- 
ful; and the writer has our cordial 

The October Delay 

Some account is due to all our 
readers for a delay of nearly twenty 
days in the appearance of the Octo- 
ber Home Missionary. The matter 
for that number was in the printer's 
hands on time. But a printers' strike, 
reducing the force of a large office 
to three men, who required guarding 
day and night to protect them against 
the solicitations of their striking 
brethren, sufficiently explains the 
belated result. In justice to our 
printer we desire to add that he has 
done everything in his power to re- 
lieve the situation, and to his energy 
we owe the appearance of any Octo- 
ber issue whatever. Conditions are 
now somewhat improved and we 
hope in the future to avoid the repe- 
tition of this experience. Its only 
comfort is the receipt of many in- 
quiries from interested friends who 
have missed the prompt appearance 
of their monthly magazine. Who 
has said that missionary literature is 
not read? We have abundant testi- 
mony to the contrary. 



The Congregational Home Missionary Society 
Fourth Avenue and 22a! Street, New York 

October 2, 1905 


Yonr home missionary work in our Southern ami Western 
fields is imperilled by the burdened condition of our Treasury. 

The payment of missionary dues is being delayed, to tin- 
great diseomfort and, oftentimes, distress of the heroic men and 
700 men who are dependent upon your aid. The winter months 
for which preparation must be made in all these missionary 
homes are near. 

We, therefore, appeal to you and through you to your 
church to come to the aid of this work by a generous special 
offering to meet the existing emergency, and to enable tin- 
present management to pass over the direction of the Society to 
the new organization another year, untrammelled by a heavy 
debt, or without a further large contraction of the work. 

We suggest that Sunday, October 15th, be made the date of 
V\ such an offering by the churches for this cause. If that Sunday 
be not practicable, we ask that on SOME OTHER SUNDAY in 
the near future such an offering be made. 

1 Envelopes prepared for this special contribution and folders 
briefly describing the financial need of the Society will be fur.- 
nished. Please let us know how many of these you will require. 

The hearty and prayerful help of the pastors in the way in- 
dicated will, we believe, lift this burden of debt and make it possi- 
ble for this great home mission cause to go forzvard with enlarged 
blessings to the country. 

I 'cry sincerely yours, 

Watson L. Phillips, 
Chairman of Executive Committee. 

Washington Choate, 
Corresponding Secretary. 



f)N another page will be found an 
appeal for THE DEBT. This 
is not an appeal for that debt; 
but for the daily bread and eon/fort of 
four hundred faithful, waiting and 
suffering missionaries and their 
families. All that the Society can 
offer them for services rendered is the 
following letter: 

Dear Brother: 

I write to express our very great re- 
gret at the delay in the matter of sending 
your draft. This is due not to any over- 
sig lit on the part of this office, but because 
of the financial condition of the Society. 
We appreciate the embarrassment which 
you must experience as the result of this 
unavoidable delay, and we want to assure 
you that we are doing every thing possi- 
ble to secure the funds for the payment 
(f our draft to you, as well as to the other 
brethren, who arc. with yourself, thus 

We shall send your draft at as early a 
date as possible. 

Sincerely your, 

Washington Choate, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Four hundred men, about one-half of 
our national force, are waiting; some of 

them since the first of September, more of 
them since the first of October ; all of 
them having rendered their report of 
missionary service well done and ap- 
proved. All of these are in deep personal 
distress; bills unpaid; credit imperilled; 
ashamed to look their people in the face^ 
because they owe them money which they 
cannot pay. The cold months are coming 
on. Fuel and other winter comforts 
must be bought. Children must be 
clothed and made warm. Why should 
these faithful men and their families be 
treated as martyrs, when every Congrega- 
tional church in America owes them a 
generous support, as well as aeavy debt 
of gratitude! 

Now what will YOU dot What will 
yon do, A T ONCE, for these deserving 
servants'! The return mail will not be too 
early for a generous response. Every 
day adds to the heart-breaking distress of 
these faithful men. No gift for their 
relief can be too large for their deserts, 
and none can be too small to be appre- 
ciated. Let every reader of this page sit 
down quickly and ask himself: ' ' How 
much owest thou thy Lord'' in the person 
of these suffering ministers. 


The Rarity of the Gospel 

THE magnificent distances, the 
isolated homes, the scarcity 
of churches and the diffi- 
culty which many find in attend- 
ing religious services make the 
northwestern portion of Nebraska a 
veritable frontier. The territory cov- 
ered by our Northwestern Associ- 
ation is about ioo by 125 miles large 
and contains seven active churches 
with two others that are inoperative. 
All of these but one are now de- 
pending upon the Home Missionary 
Board for a part of their support. 
There is a vast amount of territory 
which these churches are unable to 
serve. Many homes are twenty- 
five or thirty miles distant from 
any church and children have 
grown to manhood and woman- 
hood without having been in- 
side of a church or ever hav- 
ing heard a sermon. Yet these 
people are intelligent, free hearted 
and hospitable and are thus de- 
prived of religious privileges by 
force of circumstances rather than 
from choice. They look to the pas- 
tor of the nearest church, frequently 
thirty miles distant for consolation 
and help in time of bereavement, 
and their young people sometimes 
come to him to perform the ma- 
nage ceremony. Two or three in- 
cidents will illustrate the readiness 
with which they avail themselves 
of religious privileges when offered. 
I was conducting some revival 
meetings in a country church twen- 
ty-five miles from the nearest town 
in the Sand Hills region. The little 
sod school house was crowded with 
about forty persons, many had 
come a distance ten and twelve 
miles to attend these meetings. 
A little girl about twelve years 
old sat almost within reach of 

my hands and held a baby in her 
arms. When the invitation was 
given to all who would accept 
Christ to stand with Christian peo- 
ple, she looked much interested. I 
asked her if she wanted to stand. 
She said, yes, but that she could 
not with the baby. I took the baby 
in my arms and went on with the 
service while she stood as a wit- 
ness to a new found Savior. 

In another series of meetings 
at another place a woman said; 
"O, if only Jack would come in 
for just one meeting." Jack was her 
husband and was on a ranch twenty- 
five miles away. He came in for 
just one night, and accepted Christ. 

This summer while going out for 
camping trip with my family, we 
stopped for the night at a ranch 
house just over in South Dakota. 
The ranchman learned in the even- 
ing that I was a minister and said: 
"I wish I had known it in time, 
I would have jumped on my horse 
and rounded up the neighbors, and 
we would have had a preaching 
over at the school house. We don't 
often get to hear preaching. It has 
been several years since the last 

Chadron, Nebraska. 

The Downward Trend 

The Nebraska frontier is repre- 
sented not by mining camps, nor 
by logging camps, but mainly by 
isolated communities and lonely 
homes on the vast prairies. The 
adult population is made up largely 
of those who have seen better days. 
Stock-raising, which is the prin- 
cipal occupation, calls for a certain 


amount of Sunday work, especially 
during winter. "With us one day 
is about the same as another," is 
the common remark among those 
who at the East were taught to 
remember the Sabbath day to keep 
it holy. Surrounded by such in- 
fluences children easily fall into 
irreligious habits. 

Yet a good deal is being done to 
offset this downward tendency. 
Sunday school missionaries and 
home missionary pastors have in- 
vaded these strongholds of neglect, 
until, in many commuities, a much 
higher moral tone prevails than 
existed a few years ago. There are 
fewer Sunday round-ups, and de- 
cidedly fewer shooting affairs. Just 
what credit is due to home mis- 
sionary pastors it is hard to say; 
but it is certain, they assist in, or- 
ganizing and keeping in touch with 
a large number of Sunday schools; 
that they gather little bands of 
Christian people together here and 
there, until finally a church is or- 
ganized ; that they introduce the 
home department of the Sunday 
school into hundreds of families, 
thus encouraging systematic Bible 
study ; that Christian literature with 
its elevating influence, is often in- 
troduced into a worldly home, and 
that here and there, the young 
people are induced to attend some 
Chistian academy where latent 
faculties are speedily developed in 
a favorable atmosphere. 

The great need of the frontier is 
strong men to occupy these out- 
posts. It is a mistake to think that 
weak men will do out there. Preach- 
ing that is more than mediocre is 
required to draw the people five 
or more miles to church. And some- 
thing more than preaching too is 
necessary. For some communities 
seem to need more than anything 
else a man to go in and out among 
them in whom every body has 
confidence as a friend and adviser. 
A man or a woman having on the 
armor mentioned in the sixth chap- 

ter of Ephesians and baptized with 
the Holy Spirit, is a tower of 
srength and a beacon of light. 

Brewster, Nebraska. 

Is the Spirit of Heroism Dead? 

We Christian ministers are criti- 
cised as loving an easy comfortable 
position, and shrinking from the 
truly self-sacrificing life. Surely 
such criticisms are unjust to one 
of the most earnest, consecrated, 
self-sacrificing bands of men and 
women in the world. And yet, 
right here in the center of our 
country is a very mild but fair test of 
the truth or falsity of the criticism. 
Here is a region known as the 
"Sand Hills." It is not adapted to 
agriculture, but the hills are grass- 
covered and excellent for stock- 
raising. This region is being settled 
by such enterprising, intelligent, 
substantial people as Iowa, Illinois, 
Ohio, and New England cannot af- 
ford to lose More great-hearted, in- 
dependent, honor-loving people are 
not to be found. The character of 
the region is forming. It will be 
one of the grandest or of the worst. 
There will be nothing half way 
about it. The destiny of souls and 
of communities is at the crisis 
point. They can be led to a splen- 
did development. But it means long, 
hard drives for the Lord's messen- 
ger. It means calling on scattered 
families. It means being the one 
help that keeps these in touch with 
spiritual life. O, the joy these calls 
give on both sides! It means preach- 
ing three times on Sunday and as 
often as one pleases in some school 
house or sod dwelling between Sun- 
days. This only calls for a very 
mild and delightful type of heroism. 
Right here are three adjoining 
fields from twenty to thirty miles 



across. One is served by a young 
man who feels that he must leave 
and continue his education. Anoth- 
er is begging for a pastor, and 
has been doing so for more than a 
year in vain. The third has just 
said one of the tenderest good byes 
that could be imagined to its pastor 
and his invalid wife. No other 
denomination is working here. If 
the young man leaves there will be 
a region seventy-five miles across 
with no gospel ministry. There is 
no one to give the young people 
Christian marriage, or the old 
Christian burial. Several letters of 
inquiry have been received. With 
a single exception the queries have 
been in regard to salary, advanta- 
ges, and comforts. The one excep- 
tion did not materialize. All have 
"passed by on the other side." 
Still we refuse to believe in the 
death of heroism. Some of God's 
heroes will yet wake up and fill 
these fields. Some of God's heroes 
in the pews will awaken and 
supply the necessities of life to 
those who go to the front. 

Theoford, Nebraska. 

Nebraska and Self Support 

The State Association goes to 
Chadron this year, 450 miles from 
Omaha, on the Chicago and North- 
Western Railway. The attendance 
will necessarily be small, but there 
will be resolute grappling with the 
problem of state self-support. 

The State Advisory Board has 
mapped out a campaign which 
contemplates the raising of 810,000 
for home missions for the year end- 
ing April 1 next. If this demon- 
stration of strength can be made it 
is believed that we will be warranted, 
when we meet for the semi-centen- 
nial of the founding of Congrega- 
tionalism in Nebraska next Mav, in 

resolving to go alone. We are quite 
unwilling to take such a step if it 
shall mean the decrease of income 
and the loss of churches. But we 
are also unwilling to be longer a 
burden upon the denomination at 
large, and we do not believe that 
we need to be. Moreover, it is our 
hope and purpose that from the be- 
ginning of self-support something 
shall go for work beyond our borders. 

Omaha, Nebraska. 

Let Us Have a Fresh Baptism 
of Brotherliness 

From the Congregationalist. 

If I should write that in traveling over 
Montana and Idaho I had run across a tal- 
ented and consecrated Congregational min- 
ister utterly heartbroken and discourag- 
ed because of the failure of his fellow-min- 
isters in the East to stand behind him in 
his heroic endeavor, because he was left 
to struggle alone in dire poverty against 
overwhelming odds, I presume a dozen 
hearty responses would appear in the next 
issue of The Congregationalist, assuring 
that brother he could have anything he 
wanted in the way of symrathy and help. 
Several churches would at once take up 
collections for the man, and some benevo- 
lently inclined individual would start a 
fund in The Congregationalist to which 
several hundred other benevolently inclin- 
ed individuals would promptly and cheer- 
fully contribute. If I write that practically 
all our ministers in Montana and Idaho are 
in this plight, I wonder if the response 
will be proportionate to the greater need. 

This is exactly the case. I have just met 
these men in their state meetings. I have 
talked with them personally. I have travel- 
ed with their superintendents and I have 
obtained a first-hand knowledge of what it 
means in these frontier fields for the C. H. 
M. S. to have its receipts steadily decline 
during the past few years. It means a trag- 
edy out here. These men who have come 
from our best homes, educated in our best 
colleges and seminaries, choosing the min- 
ing camps and the ranch towns for their 
fields, thought they had a great patriotic 
and missionary denomination behind them. 
To-day they solemnly face the fact that 
they have been forgotten, deserted, con- 



sidered of no account by the pastors and 
people of the East. 

Is it any wonder they are heartbroken, 
that they begin to question if Congrega- 
tionalism is of any account? I saw them 
sitting there in the Idaho Association cry- 
ing over the situation, and I cried with 
them. Dr. Kingsbury, their superinten- 
dent, every inch a bishop and father, 
pleaded with them so tenderly to hold on 
and not be discouraged. He said: "You 
have behind you the prayers of the East- 
ern churches and underneath you the arms 
of the everlasting God." I said to myself, 
"I am not so sure of those prayers." I 
doubt if the Eastern churches are doing 
much praying for these men except in a 
very general way. If they did the situ- 
ation would be remedied speedily. This is 
a severe indictment, but who can challenge 
its truth? Out here they have about come 
to the conclusion that Congregationalists 
have quit, that we have come to the very 
end of aggressive Congregationalism, that 
hencforth it is to be every church for it- 
self. That is their interpretation of the 
situation. It may be wrong. I believe it 
is. But we can hardly blame them for 
feeling so. 

I write these things the more freely be- 
cause my province now is the foreign work. 
I have been talking of the glorious tri- 
umphs of Christ abroad through the Amer- 
ican Board, and these dear brethren have 
smiled through their tears and said: "We 
will rejoice in your success. It is our suc- 
cess, and we will have a hand in it if we 
are to continue at all." They believe the 
greater work will help the lesser, that the 
missionary spirit in the churches will tone 
up all the churches are doing. They are 
the right sort, these Congregational pastors 
out here. But when are our pastors in the 
East going to do the square and brotherly 
thing by these men? I believe our pastors 
have it in their power to change the whole 
missionary situation at home and abroad ■ 
in one year. If we can't place this glorious 
missionary enterprise on its feet for the 
sake of Christ, let us at least do it for the 
sake of our brethren. I plead for a new 
baptism of brotherliness. 


AT the annual meeting of the So- 
ciety in 1903, a committee con- 
sisting of Rev. A. H. Brad- 
ford, D, D., Dr. Merrill E. Gates, 
Thomas Weston, Esq., Rev. Samuel 
Lane Loomis, D. D., and Rev. 
Frank J. Goodwin, was appointed 
to consider the Florida conditions. 
This committee gave a full hearing 
to the society's critics, and after a 
thorough investigation, approved its 
work in Florida, and recommend- 
ed the careful consideration by 
the Executive Committee of the re- 
lation of the superintendent of 
Florida to the churches of the 

In compliance with this recom- 
mendation, a prolonged and thor- 
ough investigation of the relations 
of the Superintendent and churches 
of Florida was made by a sub-com- 
mittee of five — Rev. William H. 
Holman, Rev. John De Peu, Rev. 
F. L. Goodspeed, Ph. D., Rev. W. 
L. Phillips, D. D. and Edward P. 
Lyon, Esq. 

The inquiry extended through 

seven days. Representatives of the 
disaffected Florida churches were in- 
vited to attend and present their 
grounds of complaint and criticism of 
the Superintendent. No restrictions 
as to time or number of representa- 
tives were made. The pastor of the 
First Church, Tampa, attended with 
his witnesses, and at the close of the 
investigation expressed himself as 
satisfied with his opportunity to 
be heard, and declared he had 
introduced all the evidence he 
wished to offer. This report was 
adopted by the Executive Commit- 

The report of the committee, of 
which Dr. Bradford was chairman, 
was presented to the annual meet- 
ing of the Society at Des Moines, 
1904, and unanimously accepted. 

The reports of the two committees, 
above referred to, have been printed 
together, and can be had on applica- 
tion to the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society. 

With this statement of the case, 
we regard the matter as closed. 



AN important part 
of the home mis- 
sion frontier of to-day is in 
our great cities. A new, vigorous, 
aggressive, pastoral, evangelistic 
crusade is a crying need. The im- 
mense, thickly-populated region in 
great cities that are now so largely 
deserted by the churches require re- 
newed consideration and activity on 
the part of Christian people. The 
command of the Master seems to 
have been reversed, and, instead of a 
church going into the world to preach 
the Gospel, we witness, to a deplora- 
ble degree, churches whose attitude 
toward the masses seems to be rather 
one of half-hearted invitation : Come, 
and hear the Gospel. 

Anyone of our great cities affords 
illustrations of the scant effort being 
made to reach people in the more 
congested districts. The most re- 
cent instance of the wide-spread de- 
sertion of the people by the churches 
that has come to my notice is afforded 
by St. Louis. While passing through 
that city recently I walked from my 
hotel fifteen blocks in one direction 
on one street and the same distance 
in a neighboring parallel street back 
to the hotel. Many of the cross 
streets within this section are thickly 
populated. The sidewalks in front 
of the humble and impoverished 
homes were crowded with men and 
women and children. Within an 
area four blocks in width and fifteen 
blocks in length there is a population 
great enough to make a small city. 
And yet, within this territory, there 
was no indication of an aggressive 
effort on the part of the church to 
reach the people with the Gospel. 
The only sign of even an attempt to 
give the people an opportunity to 


hear it was afforded by 
one dilapidated church 
building bearing no name or schedule 
of services; another church building 
in somewhat better repair, but there 
was no bulletin indicating either the 
name of the church or the hours of 
its services; and a struggling starve- 
ling mission for colored people. 

But my main object is not to make 
out a case for this neglected section 
in St. Louis. It is rather to direct 
the attention of those who have the 
highest interests of our nation at 
heart to the almost utter neglect of 
vast multitudes of people by the 
Christian church of to-day. Two 
or three unaffiliated and scantily 
supplied missions in small, uninvit- 
ing, dimly-lighted rooms, are wholly 
inadequate to carry the Gospel light 
effectually to twenty thousand or 
more people who are submerged in 
the darkness of ignorance and sin. 
Should the Christian church to-day 
act as though it were oblivious of the 
fact that people in the neglected sec- 
tions of our great cities have souls? 
Do they not require the Gospel? 
Has the church no mission to them? 
Is it sufficient for great churches to 
maintain elaborate services in beau- 
tiful, but remote, buildings, and per- 
mit these thousands to go down to 
their graves Christless and in the 
bondage of sin? 


I do not name St. Louis because 
I think that city affords an especially 
glaring instance of neglect, but be- 
cause I think the district referred to 
is a typical illustration of the failure 
of our home mission boards to deal 
in an intelligent and comprehensive 
way with conditions in congested 



parts of our great cities. Many of 
our churches, rich and strong and 
aristocratic, do their work at a dis- 
tance from the people who are in 
greatest need. Many of the churches 
seem to be wholly without the power 
of initiative and attack, but are (to 
use a phrase quoted by Hugh Price 
Hughes) "beating a retreat before 
the masses." 

I believe that laymen in the 
churches can render invaluable aid 
in extending the influence and power 
of the Christian church into these 
neglected sections. It is possible 
for strong and well-to-do churches 
to found Sunday schools and to main- 
tain bright, vigorous Gospel meet- 
ings in many of these unevangelized 
communities. In our churches are 
lay-workers abundantly capable of 
doing this essential and invaluable 
preparatory work for the salvation 
of these communities. And the lay- 
men need the work for their own 
salvation. Let us seek out in our 
great cities the places of direst need ; 
organize and utilize our available 
forces; encourage and train our lay- 
men for this fundamental and imper- 
ative task of the church! 


The need of alertness and vigorous 
evangelistic zeal on the part of Con- 
gregational churches is apparent 
from the significant fact that thirty- 
nine per cent of all the Congrega- 
tional churches in America, or 2,300, 
did not, in 1903, report a single addi- 
tion to their membership on confes- 
sion of faith. 

Intimations of an encouraging na- 
ture, relative to a deepening interest 
in evangelistic work, are coming to 
us. The young people's societies of 
the Oranges, New Jersey, opened 
their fall campaign with a large rally 
in the First Congregational Church, 
Orange. The subject of the chief 

address was ' ' Young People and New 
Spiritual Life in the Churches." In 
Massachusetts, conferences in the 
interest of evangelism and missions 
are being planned by young people's 

The National Congregational 
Evangelistic committee expects, in 
the near future, to send young peo- 
ple's societies in Congregational 
churches a special and important 
communication relative to evangel- 
ism. It is of the utmost importance 
that the young men and women of 
the churches be rallied for aggressive 
evangelistic campaigns during the 
months that are before us. 

D. O. S. 


THAT irrepressible and unre- 
fusable optimist, Mr. Don O. 
Shelton, demands that we, you 
and I, should talk together a little 
while each month about what is done, 
what to do, for the great home mis- 
sionary work by our young people. 
I obey ! 

May I ask you, then, to share with 
others any plans you have found 
effective, any conquests you have 
made, any bit of modern home mis- 
sionary heroism you have seen? 
What are you doing in your society 
to develop missionary interest? 
Notice I do not ask what your soci- 
ety is doing, though we should like 
to know that, but what you are do- 
ing. So far as any of the plans and 
progress you report seem to be 
adapted and helpful for general pub- 
lication, we shall try to pass them 
on. (Write me at Toledo, Ohio, and 
put "Home Missionary Work" on 
the lower, left-hand corner of the 

Many societies are asking: "What 
can we do? There are many answers, 
and we shall have "more anon and 
bimeby," as says Samantha Allen. 



(Though she's no relative of mine, 
the Allen family is honorable!) 

Has your society ever assisted in 
the preparation of a missionary box? 
Probably the Ladies' Society of your 
church prepares one. If not, you 
can start it. For all particulars, 
write to the New York office (New 
York, Fourth Avenue and Twenty- 
second Street). Try to keep in 
touch with the family, field and work 
of these to whom your box is sent. 
Write to them. Study the map. 
Get acquainted. 

Perhaps this introduction to some 
field may lead to your undertaking 
the support of it. Or, at least, to 
your making a definite, regular gift 
to it. Then you will have a larger 
interest in it. You will share its 
difficulties and get acquainted with 
the workers. It is always easier to 
help people and places about whom 
we know something. Did you know 
that the Home Missionary Society 
was ready to assign a specific field to 
your society if you raise from $50 
upwards towards its support? And 
if your society alone cannot do this, 
there may be one or more in your 
town or vicinity which would under- 
take it, if you "set the ball rolling" I 
Try it. Ask Mr. Shelton what place 
you can adopt. Get the facts and 

publish them. They will be the best 
ground for your appeal. 

You have your home missionary 
study class started by this time? 
What, no leader? Ask your pastor, 
or, better yet, do it yourself. No 
one will enter the class? You will, 
will you not? Of course you will. 
Have a fine class of one, if you can't 
get any more. I know you are the 
"only one interested " in your soci- 
ety. If they were all interested 
your work would take another direc- 
tion Be glad you have this work 
to do and go at it. Don't forget 
that study class this year! 

What first really stirred and di- 
rected your interest in home mis- 
sions? A verse? Tell us, so that 
we may arouse others. An address? 
What did the speaker say? Let us 
pass it on, if it is brief. A book? 
Name it. A glimpse of the need? 
Relate it. Let us share our work, 
our woes and our worthy plans. 

This is to be a delightfully infor- 
mal page. I meant to greet you all 
at the outset. Let us shake hands 
now and get to work. I'm looking 
for a thousand letters this month. 

Yours to Help, 


By the Rev. Dr. C. J. Ryder 

Secretary American Missionary Association 

THE commendation which I would speak for " Heroes of the 
Cross in America," by Mr, Shelton, does not consist in the 
absence of condemnation. It is aggressive and positive. The 
book is not almost a good book, but it is entirely so. It accom- 
plished two valuable results : It meets a want and creates a greater. 
It gives information and stirs an intellectual appetite for more. 


The Young People's Forward Movement, out of which Mr. Shel- 
ton's book grew and in the development of which it will prove an 
important factor, is itself unique and interesting. 

In analyzing this book it approves itself to one's judgment, es- 
pecially along the following lines : 

First, its purpose clearly stated on the third page of the preface 
is distinct and worthy. It is " to portray the leading characteris- 
tics and most striking experiences of some of the pioneer 'Heroes 
of the Cross in America.' ' A worthy purpose could scarcely be 
mere impressively set forth than this. 

Second, the method adopted is clear and fits itself into, not only 
a readable book, but a reference book. The outline before each 
chapter and the questions and suggestions at the close are espe- 
cially valuable. 

Third, the matter is also interesting and fairly comprehensive. 
The heroes of the cross who went south of Mason and Dixon's line 
and whose consecration and devotion met often with persecution, 
do not have their story told in this book. There are doubtless 
good reasons for it, but some time the story of their sufferings 
must be told and the church north and south must appreciate the 
record of their heroism and uncomplaining devotion. 

It is a long period covered in this book; from 1718, the birth of 
David Brainerd, to the death of Joseph Ward, in 1889. The book 
does not contain the record of battles and bloodshed and gathered 
armies, but the real history, the quiet influences of great and noble 
lives, making permanent the institutions of a free government and 
a national religion. 

The book is educational, anecdotal, devout and inspirational. 
The impressive words of Dr. Joseph Ward, on page 233, would 
furnish a good motto for any study, den, Sunday school, mission 
band, patriotic club, or Grand Army post: "We are building for 
all the states and for generations to come. Let us be equal to the 
occasion, make much of our situation and rise to the height of our 

We speak for " Heroes of the Cross in America " a still larger 
reading than that which it has already received, which has been in 
itself almost phenomenal. 




By George D. Orner, 
Chairman Missionary Committee Philadelphia Christian Endeavor Union 

THE Missionary Committee of 
the Philadelphia Christian 
Endea\ r or Union formally in- 
augurated the year's work with a 
general conference in September, at 
the Gaston Presbyterian Church. 
There is, perhaps, no other metro- 
politan centre where a missionary 
organization so extensive as that 
existing in Philadelphia, is required, 
but the principles underlying suc- 
cessful work among young people 
in the interests of missions are the 
same the world over, and a few 
words as to the organization and 
methods of this energetic committee 
may not be amiss. 

Philadelphia is fortunate in 
having drawn into the mission- 
ary work several years ago a 
little group of missionary enthu- 
siasts who have made a careful 
study of the best methods of work 
and of their adaptation to local con- 
ditions. They have seen their num- 
bers gradually increased until to-day 
there are nearly 150 trained mission- 
ary workers engaged in the union 
work. Each of the seven branches 
of the Philadelphia Christian En- 
deavor Union is in itself a union of 
some fifty societies with its full com- 
plement of officers and committees. 
The missionary work as a whole is 
directed by the central union com- 
mittee, the work being divided into 
six departments, and one or more 
members of this committee being 
placed in charge of each department 
and being given full scope in con- 
ducting and developing the work of 
their department, the committee as 

a whole simply determining the gen- 
eral policy to be adopted by the sev- 
eral departments. In each branch 
is a union committee, modeled after 
the central committee, the chairmen 
of these latter committees being 
members ex-officio of the central or- 
ganization. The medium of contact 
with the local society is the district 
worker, who is held responsible for 
the work in three to five societies. 

The fall conference is planned 
largely for the instruction and in- 
spiration of these district workers; 
an afternoon session being given to 
a presentation of the plans for the 



year, the evening to inspirational 
addresses. A clever presentation of 
the duties of district workers was 
made in the form of a dialogue, the 
heads of the various departments 
being introduced at the proper time, 
and outlining the proposed plans for 
the year's work. 

Recognition has constantly been 
given to the vital union between 
prayer and missions. To emphasize 
this necessity for definite and daily 
prayer in the life of the missionary 
worker, one number on the program 
was given to a recital of instances 
on the mission field where God has 
wonderfully answered definite prayer 
and signally blessed the worker. 

Christian stewardship as some- 
thing vastly beyond and different 
from tithing, formed the central 
thought in a most helpful address by 
the Rev. Jacob S. Sallade. The one 
was an obligation, the other is a 
Christian grace and privilege. Stew- 
ardship means holding in trust as 
God's own not only all of one's 
earthly possessions, but all of one's 

But it is the study class that has 
called most attention to the work in 
Philadelphia. No other line of effort 
has so increased the interest in mis- 
sions as has this systematic study 
under trained leaders, and the in- 
terest is vital and lasting. It is fur- 
nishing workers whose enthusiasm is 
intelligent and continued. It is 
manifested in increased giving and 
larger service. A conception of the 
world field as one, has made the 
study of the foreign field alone dur- 
ing the past years seem incomplete. 
The leaders believe there ought to 
be the study of both home and for- 
eign missions in each society each 
year, but the difficulty of obtaining 
trained leaders for both courses led 
to a determination to make " Heroes 
of the Cross in America," the prin- 
cipal text book for this winter's 
study. Mr. Don O. Shelton's forci- 

ble presentation of the topic "Why 
Study Home Missions," left little 
room for doubt, if any previously 
existed, of the wisdom of such a 

The evening session was given to 
Dr. A. W. Halsey, of the Presbyte- 
rian Board of Foreign Missions, and 
to Rev. C. A. R. Janvier, formerly 
of India. Out of the rich experience 
of a recent trip to Africa, Dr. Halsey 
spoke of the continent which lies 
waiting and of the missionary con- 
secration which made him feel that' 
we in America hardly know the 
meaning of the word consecration. 
Mr. Janvier began with Asia, the 
continent of immediate opportunity, 
and then turned the thoughts of his 
hearers to their responsibility; a re- 
sponsibility to know, to give, to go; 
a responsibility whose greatness is 
measured only by the wonderful and 
strategic opportunity everywhere ap- 
parent in the East of to-day. 

Not alone effective organization, 
but quite as much careful planning 
far in advance has made effective the 
work of this union. Preparation for 
the study class work of the year was 
begun last winter and in April two 
normal classes were formed, whose 
members are now leading union 
classes in the various branches. Six 
of these classes were already in ses- 
sion at the time of the conference, 
all but one studying " Heroes of the 
Cross in America." As far as pos- 
sible classes in individual societies 
are formed early in October, so as 
to complete the course before the 
holidays. To assist the leaders 
the committee has prepared a 
pamphlet outlining each session 
and giving lists of easily obtained 
and helpful literature on present day 
work in the various home fields. Any 
one interested may secure a copy of 
this pamphlet by sending 10 cents to 
the representative of the Literature 
Department, Miss L. V. Orner, Room 
807, Crozer Building. 


Means to Ends. 

THERE is much in the earnest 
words that follow to arrest 
attention. We admit the 
writer is correct in his plea for a 
kind of religious effort in Joplin and 
other parts of Missouri adapted to 
the peculiar history, and, conse- 
quently, peculiar needs of the pres- 
ent generation. Who will respond 
for such service? 

There is need in this district for all the 
preaching that several men can do. If I 
were bishop and had a good consecrated 
evangelist I would put him in a hall in what 
is known as East Town, and I would have 
him preach every night and visit the peo- 
ple every day until a chapel could be erected 
and a pastor located. I would then send 
him to another point and have him repeat 
the work. I was born in Missouri, and I 
think I know the people and the condi- 
tions. In order to build up the religious 
life here we need to understand the saying, 
"In Rome do as the Romans do." In Mis- 
souri we must win the people by speaking 
in the language of Missourians. I went 
from the West to Ohio, and for three years 
was constantly misunderstood. Only in 
the last year or so was I able to preach in 
the language of the Western Reserve. The 
churches which are forging ahead in Mis- 
s uiri are those who employ evangelists in 
the held. Conversions follow their efforts 
in large numbers. Then a chapel is built, 
and nor. long after a strong church springs 
up. For instance, the Christian denomina- 
tion in Joplin have 1.(174 members, with 
about i.ioo pupils in Sunday school, 574 
more church members than children. The 
seating capacity of the first Christian 
church is 700, but they have over 1, 100 mem- 
bers In Joplin there are about 34,000 peo- 
ple, 6,000 of them children, and only 3,100 
children and grown-up people in the Sun- 
day school. If we had $500 towards a pas- 
tor's salary there are places in this city 
where a consecrated man could gather a 
church in six months which would support 

Promise at Birmingham, 

It will be gathered from the fol- 
lowing that the ministry of Rev. A. 
S. Burrill has met with success. The 
welcome given by other churches to 

Congregationalism is a most pleas- 
ing feature. 

Pilgrim Church Birmingham, has held 
its second annual meeting. There was a 
good attendance and much enthusiasm 
over the growth ot the church during its 
first complete calendar year. Progress 
has been made along every line. Public 
service has been held every Sunday, and 
special services on Easter, Forefather's 
Day, Christmas and New Year's. Special 
evangelistic and missionary services were 
held in February and August. The week- 
ly devotional and social gatherings at the 
homes of various members have been 
delightful occasions reminding of what 
the first Christian churches must have 
been like to which St. Paul often refers 
as "The church in thy house." A lot for 
the new church home has been secured and 
more than subscribed for. The year's rec- 
ord shows an increase in membership of 
fifty per cent. 

Formalism Yielding 

Our readers will recall Mr. Osten- 
Sacken's quiet, but effectual efforts 
to bring his German Church at 
Antigo, Wisconsin, out of a formal 
to a genuine Christian experience. 
The following reveals some cheering 
results of the effort. 

My people are awaking out of the sleep 
of indifference and formalism. A few of 
them have asked for mid-week prayer- 
meetings, something unheard of here and 
difficult to accomplish during the witrer 
months, as cold is very severe, the roads 
and railroad lines often impassable, while 
the farmers are logging all day and very 
tired in the evening. However, we started 
home prayer meetings with a handful to 
attend first. Only three families were 
willing to accommodate these meetings. 
To-day we have an average attendance of 
over fifty; the people ask us weeks in ad- 
vance to come to their homes. Many have 
given their hearts to God who were mem- 
bers of the church for years, but now con- 
fess they are unworthy to be called Chris- 
tians. Twelve of the fourteen converts 
publicly made confession that, though mem- 
bers of the church, they have never been 
deserving, but that now their hearts have 
changed and they believe themselves the 
children of God. Men, women, and chil- 
dren testify and pray in public, something 


never countenanced by the church until 
now. We have reason to be humble and 

Four Hundred and Fifty 
Square Miles 

A stupendous parish for one man. 
Yet this represents territory covered 
in a way by Rev. J. A. Smith, of 
Bonesteel, South Dakota, including 
1,200 souls, with no other resident 
pastor on the ground. 

This field, as a whole, is about ten miles 
wide and forty-five miles long. I am the 
only resident pastor actually officiating in 
this district. There are four new towns 
with a population of 1,200 in all, and a large 
rural community outside. Here and there 
are neighborhood Sunday schools, but 
what more can one man do? We keep a 
horse and buggy and drive thirty miles 
every Sunday, with three preaching ser- 
vices, beside mid-week meetings. It is not 
easy to tell a company of fifty or one hun- 
dred people who earnestly desire pastoral 
care and would gladly listen to occasional 
preaching that it is impossible to get to 
them. But what else can we say? Young 
men who want work, come out to this new 
country with its boundless opportunities 
and you will find it I 

The Memory of Dr. Schauffler 

Miss Barbara Slavinskie, of Bay 
City, Michigan, tells of the contin- 
ued influence of our late superintend- 
ent on the Slavic people, whom he 
loved, and for whom he literally laid 
down his life: 

The past quarter will be a memorable one 
to all our Slavic workers because of the loss 
of our beloved superintendent, and our 
hearts were all saddened by the news of his 
sudden death. It has had its effect upon 
the hearts of the people among whom he 
labored, especially here where the people 
have often met him. Although not alto- 
gether in sympathy with his work, they 
have had cause to honor and respect him. 
Some of them have had the feeling that 
perhaps this work could not now go on, but 
I have sought to disabuse them of this 
thought, telling them that our workers 
have been simply spurred on to greater 
activity by the thought that Dr. Schauffier's 
work must not be abandoned. 

Three Sermons and Thirty-five 
Miles a Sunday 

Such is the record of Rev. A. H. 
Smith, of North Dakota. How the 
people value this laborious service 
will be seen by the following: 

I now have four regular preaching places. 
One Sabbath I preach at C. in the morning, 
ride six miles south to a Canadian settle- 
ment for service at three o'clock, then 
back to C. and from there westward five i 
miles to M. in the evening. Next Sunday 
I reverse the order, making from thirty to 
thirty-five miles every Lord's Day, and 
preaching three times. I make the dis- 
tance on a bicycle. Does it pay? I often 
hea" - such remarks as the following: "This 
is the first preaching service I have at- 
tended in thirty months. I have not been 
to church for a year; you have helped me." 
"You are the first minister I have met 
since I have been in North Dakota." "It 
seems more like living now to attend divine 
service again." Many of these people 
travel six to eight miles and one family has 
to drive sixteen miles to church. 

A Modern Babel 

The distracting mixture of nation- 
alities and tongues continues at Rock 
Springs, Wyoming. The new pas- 
tor, Rev. F. C. Lewis, recalls his 
first impression in the following 
graphic picture. 

We came into this field some four months 
ago and have spent most of the time in get- 
ting acquainted with the place and the peo- 
ple. There are many different nationalities, 
and hence, many cliques. This makes rapid 
acquaintance difficult. I suppose that out 
of our six thousand people only about one 
thousand are native Americans. There are 
thousands who cannot even speak our lan- 
guage. I recall that in making pastoral 
visits, in the course of one afternoon, Mrs. 
Lewis and myself were in the homes of 
people who had come from the highlands 
and lowlands of Scotland, from England, 
Wales, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and 
from several stales of the Union. Over 
forty languages and dialects are spoken in 
our stre ts. With all this diversity in bus- 
iness, unity in religious matters cannot be 
readily secured. It goes also without say- 
ing that forty saloons and a dozen gam- 
bling houses, to say nothing of more evil 
places doing their deadly work by day and 
night, do not make for righteousness. 



Inquiring Mormons 

Rev. R. S. Nickerson, of Vernal, 
Utah, finds a spirit of religions in- 
quiry among the younger Mormons 
of that city, which encourages his 
own hopes and may inspire others. 

There are Mormons in almost all our ser- 
vices, and we find a spirit of inquiry on the 
part of the young people. One young man 
asked a lady, who is a regular attendant, if 
those Congregational church people would 
allow him to come to their church. It is 
with a great deal of labor that we are rind- 
ing out who are Gentiles and who are Mor 
mons, and who are looking for something 
better than Mormonism. Last Sunday, 
five additions to the church, and others to 
be received soon. It is a matter of educa- 
tion, and, while it may be slow, we feel that 
it is sure. The teachers in our Congrega- 
tional school are doing splendid work and 
asr-ist very much in the church work. 

Bum Lambs 

Thoughtful readers will pardon the 
slang of the ranch after reading the 
pitiful story of Pastor Blood, of 
Douglas, Wyoming, concerning a 
class of men who are simply perish- 
ing for the touch of Christian sym- 

The life led by a sheep herder is a lonely 
life. He has to stay by his bunch of sheep; 
every two weeks or so he is visited by the 
camp mover who brings in meat and sup- 
plies. But this life is so monotonous that 
often men are driven insane. And when 
these sheep herders do get into town they 
are apt to fall easy victims to the saloon or 
worse places. Sheared of their money in a 
night or a day they go back to their flock 
Tor three or six months that they may 
again have the glory of another day in 
to wn. 

One evening, when driving in from a 
ranch with one of our doctors, we heard a 
singular wail proceeding from the shadow 
of a 1 1 i 1 1 side. It was the cry of a " Bum " 
lamb. The bum lamb is one who has be- 
come too weak to keep up with his mother 
as the flock feeds further and further away. 
There he is left alone to perish with hunger, 
or to be devoured by the coyote. After I 
went to bed that night I could hear the de- 
spairing sob-like cry of that bum lamb, and 
wherever I meet the sheep herders and look 
in their faces I fancy again that I hear the 
same dull wail. They are exploited, fleeced, 
thrown out and left. Men take advantage 
of their weakness and ignorance, and, in 

the end, they become "bum." All this 
need not be so. They should be visited in 
their loneliness, and, when they come to 
town, friendly doors should be opened to 
them. In this county scat I could use five 
thousand dollars for an open door institu- 
tion of this kind and for friendly visiting. 

New Life at Alva 

.Viva, Oklahoma, is well supplied 
with unchurched people and has a 
splendid normal school. Yet for 
some reason our church, though 
equipped with one of the best edifices 
in the Territory, has not prospered 
according to its opportunities. But 
a new day seems to be dawning, and 
there is much in the following narra- 
tive from the new pastor, Rev. W. 
B. Stover, to revive hope. 

I found here a city of nearly four thou- 
sand inhabitants, and fully one-half of them 
not affiliated with any church; no public 
reading room or library, no Y. M. C. A., 
and only one boys' class in any of the Sun- 
day schools. I have thoroughly cleaned, 
varnished and painted the lecture room and 
have been gathering magazines and papers 
for a first-class reading room. I have also 
purchased and made furniture, and will 
have an amusement parlor with chess, 
checkers and other games. Already it is 
quite well patronized, although I did not 
plan to open fully until later. I am plan- 
ning also for a gymnasium. The audiences 
were small, but I began by using a stereop- 
ticon for evening services. We cannot seat 
people who come. Our members are now 
smiling and hoping and beginning to be- 
lieve that we can really prosper and do 
something. I believe that there is a large 
field here for an institutional church, and 
that patient, persistent effort will succeed 

The Coming of the Railroad 

Such an event is not all a blessing, 
for with it, especially in its early 
stages, there come many evils most 
trying to the missionary's heart. 
Rev. H. E. Anderson, of Sulphur 
Springs, Colorado, has this experi- 
ence to relate: 

We are becoming painfully aware of the 
rapid approach of the iron horse. The un- 
fortunate expression of evil that too often 
advances with the laying of the steel rail is 
■ inly too evident here. The saloon and 
gambling hell are a common sight along 



the highways of this country. The greed, 
lust and unrestrained appetite that we are 
compelled to witness sicken the heart. Well 
might we despair were it not for our hope 
in the transforming power of the truth. 
Within the last three weeks there have been 
four deaths from drink ; one of these had 
to be killed by a marshal to save other 
lives; the three others died from alcohol- 
ism. During the same period a man had 
his skull fractured and another his ribs 
broken with a sledge-hammer. I carried 
the man out from the railroad on one of 
my trips, and, on my return, visited the 
saloon where they had a poor fellow 
stretched upon a dirty bed with an ugly 
wound in his side. To add to all these hor- 
rors a pastor was called to officiate at a 
funeral where a mother had slain four of 
her children and then killed herself. Such 
are some of the tragedies of the frontier. 

Not Too Young for the Church 

In one of his lectures to students 
Mr. Spurgeon testifies that of all 
young children he had ever received 
into his church, not one, so far as he 
knew, had proved unworthy. Rev. 
O. P. Perry and his church at Oriska, 
North Dakota, have taken courage 
from such high testimony, as the 
following from the pastor shows: 

We have just had a delightful experience 
in receiving two children, a boy in his thir- 
teenth year and his sister in her eleventh 
year, into the church on confession of faith. 
The mother, a church member, wanted 
them baptized as infants, but I thought 
that they were too old and too intelligent 
for that, and had better come on their own 
faith, if possible. There the matter rested 
for a time. They are members of my pas- 
tor's class, and I found in teaching them 
that they had a good understanding: and 
were facing right. I gave each a private 
examination and felt that they were truly 
Christians who desired to confess Christ 
and be baptized. The mother has been 
their faithful teacher. The father, once a 
member of the Baptist church, was willing 
that we should receive them to our com- 
munion, and the church felt it would be a 
wrong to deny their wish. So yesterday 
we received them both in a delightful ser- 
vice from which, we hope, much good may 

Trial by Fire 

Lightning is sometimes a means 
of grace, and a sudden call to strug- 

gle against calamities develops unex- 
pected strength in a church organi- 
zation. Says Rev. Benj. Iorns, of 
Henry, South Dakota: 

On a Sunday morning last month I was 
awakened by the cry, "The Congrega- 
tional church is on fire." It had been 
struck by lightning and was soon reduced 
to ashes. By noon I had arranged for a 
meeting of trustees and deacons at the par- 
sonage. As our two deacons stood looking 
over the ruins Monday morning, one said 
to the other: " Well, if this had happened ' 
a year ago it would have finished us." 
"That's what it would," was the reply. 
" But we don't feel that way now," said the 
first. One of our members remarked to 
another when asked what he thought about 
building anew: " It has got to be rebuilt. 
I have not had so much interest in the 
work for over four years as I have just 
now ! " He has since subscribed one hun- 
dred dollars toward the new building. 
Though the crops last year were a failure 
and it is yet too early to say what they may 
be this year, the work of raising funds has 
moved steadily forward. Only four weeks 
have passed since the fire. Yet we have, 
with our insurance, over two thousand dol- 
lars in sight, and expect twenty-seven hun- 
dred before beginning. 

Paying and Giving 

Rev. H. B. Someillan, of Guana- 
bacoa, Cuba, has the following to 
tell, which brings out in strong light 
some of the difficulties of Protestant 
missionary work in that island. 

It is the practice of the Catholic priests 
to give each attendant on their free Sun- 
day school from one to two cents a Sunday. 
In addition to this, one dollar is raffled 
every Sunday among the children. You 
can easily understand why I have never 
dared to take the usual collection in our 
Sunday school. However, the increasing 
love of our pupils for the church work 
has been so manifest of late that a few 
weeks ago, after a little talk, I made this 
announcement: "Let other children re- 
quire, if they choose, one or two cents a 
day to attend Sunday school. But here- 
after, those of us who really wish to be 
good Christians are going to pay that 
much or more if possible, and will consider 
it a great privilege to do so, and we will 
try to remember that God loveth a cheer- 
ful giver." We are now taking our collec- 
tion every Sunday with great success. 



The Free Will Offering 

The pastor of a small church in 
Colorado incloses a check of $26 
for the Society, with story of how 
it came: 

It gives me much pleasure to inclose a 
draft for $26.00, our annual offering to the 
Home Society. Heretofore we have raised 
our offerings by entertainments of some 
kind. One year we sold "squares" at a 
dollar a square. This year the contribu- 
tion has been more direct and intelligent. 
Three weeks ago I preached a home mis- 
sionary sermon and since then and up to 
yesterday, money has been coming into 
our treasurer's hands. It has not come 
altogether from the members, but a good 
part of it from people attending our ser- 
vices. Quite a few came to me and asked 
for the privilege of helping. On the even- 
ing of the day when I preached the sermon 
a man came to me with twenty-five cents. 
I knew this was every cent he possessed, 
and he handed it to me, saying; "I wish 
it were more, bnt it may help a little." 
My heart was greatly moved, Not a year 
ago this same man was arrested for house 
breaking in one of the cities of this state. 
He seems now to have reformed. He is a 
tender hearted fellow, and we trust he may 
be thoroughly redeemed. 

A Long Service. 

Rev. Richard Bushell, of Seattle, 
Washington, thus records the story 
of sixteen years of missionary ser- 
vice in Washington: 

I can look back to many changes. Many 
brethren have been promoted, others have 
gone to other fields; only two or three are 
left who started our Association in 1890. 
Yet many good and faithful servants are 
doing their very best for the upbuilding of 
God's Kingdom in this beautiful state. My 
place has been on " the firing line" all the 
time. Shingle mills, lumber mills, logging 
camps, coal mining towns, all kinds of 
places and people. I have been permitted 
to point out the way to many souls, have 
organized many Sunday schools and several 
churches, have helped to build some church 
homes, have been enabled to bring comfort 
to stricken hearts and homes. I thank God 
for health and strength. He alone knows 
the hard fare, the poor sleeping places, the 
sin, sickness, misery and other evils that I 
have met and seen. Yet, not one Sunday 
in the past fifteen years have I missed 
through illness, and only two Sundays 
have I been away for rest. I have gathered 
no property, have saved no money. I 
have a faithful wife who has cared for me 
forty-one years. Our children are all mar- 

ried and only God, my wife and my work- 
are left us. 

A Men's Society 

We are glad to report and com- 
mend the experiment ofthe Corvallis 
Church, Oregon, for the benefit of 
other churches in search of new 
methods of Christian endeavor. 
Rev. Mr. Green says: 

We had contemplated for some time the 
organization of a society of men, for the 
men and for the church. The ladies have 
their aid society and their missionary gath- 
ering, but there was no organization for the 
men, who felt somewhat overlooked and 
neglected. Some months ago, however, we 
succeeded in organizing a society of "An- 
drew and Philip." For president we were 
fortunate to secure one of the professors of 
the college, and for vice-president, one of 
our resident students, and other officers of 
equal strength. The object of the society 
is to rally the men of the congregation and 
make them a living force in the church. 
Our meetings are divided into two per- 
iods — the study period and the social 
period, lasting each one hour. The study 
period is itself again divided into parts, 
the first part being devoted to the study of 
some biblical topic, the second part to the 
study of some great Christian poet. Our 
meetings are twice a month, the first and 
the third Friday, and on the last meeting 
of each month the ladies kindly provide 
entertainment for the society. Our mem- 
bership is now twenty-five, which we hope 
to double very soon. Of the one hundred 
and thirty-five students who attend church, 
about one-third are found in our church. 

Ordination of Mrs. Powell 

Mrs Katherine W. Powell, of 
Custer, South Dakota, having rend- 
ered pastoral service several years 
in South Dakota, was recently or- 
dained as a minister, and installed as 
permanent pastor at Custer. She 
thus records the event: 

Two events have interested our church 
during the past few weeks — my ordination 
to the ministry and the renewal of the call 
to be permanent pastor. The people seem 
to be deeply impressed with the ordination 
services. At Dr. Thrall's suggestion a 
special meeting of the church was called 
and the question of my continuance in the 
pastorate was discussed. The result was a 
renewal call, with a two months' vacation, 
in all of which the vote of the people was 
unanimous. I trust I appreciate the con- 
fidence shown me by our Association and 
church and I shall seek to justify it. 


The New England Woman in 
the Southwest 

By Dr. William A. Mowry 

"What, a prairie schooner! Two 

"Yes, a prairie schooner drawn 
by two mules." 

"You do not mean to say that 
Fannie and her boys made that trip 
in a prairie schooner, camping out?" 

"Yes I do, that is just what she 
wrote. Another family went with 
her, the two schooners keeping com- 
pany. They were twenty-three days 
on the road, if you call it a road. 
Some of the way was directly across 
the prairie with no road to guide 
them. They left Kansas City in 
Septemberand had beautiful weather 
all the way." 

"How could she endure it? I 
should think she would have been 
entirely prostrated. How did they 
cook and what did they eat, and 
where did they sleep?" 

"They cooked over an open fire. 
They ate such food as they could 
carry with them or obtain on the 
way. Fannie slept in the wagon 
and the boys underneath it. She 
writes that she never enjoyed any- 
thing more in her life than that trip. 
It was delightful; the weather was 
charming, the air bracing and invig- 
orating, and they were all in excel- 
lent health the whole time. Their 
wagon was a large one and they car- 
ried in it their household furniture. 
Their journey lay southeasterly and 
was entirely across the State of Mis- 
souri. They had selected their loca- 
tion in Baxter County, Arkansas. 
They endeavored to make their 
camp each night near some stream 
of water. They carried books with 
them, especially the Bible. They 

traveled only from ten to fifteen 
miles a day and hence had ample 
time for rest and recreation. They 
rested on Sunday. They read, they 
sang, they chatted and laughed, 
they visited from one house to the < 
other (that is, schooner), and were 
really jolly all the way. They came 
to think that the prairie schooner 
was a great institution. 

"Out in Iowa they told me that 
when one saw a prairie schooner 
going west they said, ' seeking home, ' 
but if it were going east they said, 
'sneaking home.' But they were 
seeking a new home really in the 
wilderness. They found their home, 
had their claims staked out, and 
built their houses, a log hut for each 
family. The people accused Fannie 
of being proud and aristocratic, be- 
cause while most of those primitive 
log houses had but one window hers 
had two, one on each side of the 
house; each a little window of four 
panes and measuring about two feet 
in height. These two windows were 
classed under the head luxuries, and 
were brought with them from Kan- 
sas City." 

" But you haven't said anything 
about Joe, Fannie's husband. Wasn't 
he with them?" 

" No, Joe still continued his busi- 
ness in Kansas City, in order to 
make money enough to support the 
family until they could break up 
sufficient land to make a living from 
the soil." 

But our readers do not know who 
Joe and Fannie are. They are good 
eastern people from New England. 
They have lived in Kansas City 
many years, but not long enough to 
lose their eastern principles or home 
training. Joe was a pupil of mine 
in school and his father was a good 
deacon in our church. Fannie was 



in my Sunday school class and early 
united with the Congregational 
church. They have now lived in 
Arkansas for more than a year and 
have had no church privileges, no 
Sunday school, no religious oppor- 
tunities outside of their own family. 
They are in a sparsely settled com- 
munity, ten miles from the post 
office and sixty-five miles from the 
nearest railroad. Last summer it 
was borne in upon Eannie's mind 
that they ought to have a Sunday 
school. There was an unfurnished 
house near by and its owner said 
they might hold their first meetings 
there. Notice was sent out to all 
the families within a radius of ten 
miles. Seventy persons were pres- 
ent the first Sunday. They had no 
seats, and therefore, were obliged to 
stand through the exercises. They 
voted then and there to organize a 
Sunday school. One man offered to 
give trees from his land sufficient to 
make boards for seats. They took 
up a collection at this first meeting 
sufficient to pay for the sawing of 
the boards. The boys made the 
seats, about one-half enough. The 
second Sunday eighty were present. 
Since then they have had an attend- 
ance sometimes of one hundred, with 
an average of eighty. They have 
already within the past three months 
built a small chapel, one man giving 
the lumber and each man contribu- 
ting so many days work in building 

What a brave company of pioneers ! 
What a life they are leading! What 
sacrifices they are making, to secure 
the privileges of the Gospel! They 
have yet hardly any supplies. They 
need Bibles, lesson papers, a library, 
and all sorts of Sunday school ma- 
terial. They are the pioneers of an 
advanced civilization, which will 
spread over that section of our coun- 
try a little later. 

A Timely Suggestion 

Would it not be possible for the 
officers of the recently organized 

National Federation of Woman's 
Congregational State Home Mission- 
ary Organizations, to occasionally 
make use of the column of the 
Woman's Department to explain a 
little the organizations and some of 
the success they may be meeting 
with? Many of our women seem to 
fully understand the Federation. 
Still more are partially familiar with 
it, but by far the greater number as 
yet know nothing about it. It cer- 
tainly seems to be a very desirable 
thing to have some center round 
which our state organizations can 
gather, and to which we can refer 
when asked, "What represents the 
Home Missionary work of the women 
of our Congregational churches-" 

Our state organizations, as indi- 
vidual links, are all right, but bound 
into one chain by this federation 
their working power is greatly in- 
creased. It is also desirable as a 
center for collecting literature, ma- 
terial and methods, from the various 
states, and as a disseminator of sug- 
gestions and help to those who may 

Now having begun this good work, 
should we not all endeavor to make 
it a success by giving it our hearty 
and unqualified support? I am sure 
that Mrs. Firman, of Oak Park, Il- 
linois, President of the National 
Federation, would be glad to see oc- 
casionally in your columns some 
word from our Federation Com- 
mittee. Woman Worker. 

A New Thought 

A verse of poetry drifted my way 
the other day and gave me a new 
thought. So many of us are bound 
by such chains of care that we have 
but little, if any, time for direct mis- 
sionary service — such services seem- 
ing to us to be planning for meet- 
ings, attending them, taking part, 
and even possibly contributing to 
our Woman's Department, and all 
the time our necessary cares and 
what we often call our "lack of 



ability," prevent us, and so we settle 
back on prayer, if we don't forget it, 
and let it go at that. 

Now the verse of poetry gave me 
this fresh thought. The spirit in 
which we do all these daily tasks 
have some effect on the results of 
our prayers. Are we fretful, irri- 
tated, unfriendly, thoughtless, fault 
finding? Will prayer from such a 
spirit avail? We should always be 
cheerful, hopeful, kindly, neighborly 
and happy. From such a life the 
right kind of prayer will come and 
will avail. This is the way the 
writer of this verse said it : 
"The weary ones had rest, the sad 
had joy 

That day, and wondered 'how.' 
A ploughman, singing at his work, 
had prayed : 

' Lord, help them now!'" 

S. T. 

The Missionary Box 

We have been packing the usual 
missionary box in our church and I 
have been looking over garments, 
selecting some sufficiently good to 
send. And, all the time, I have been 
thinking. We send these boxes be- 
cause the small salaries of the mis- 
sionaries have to be supplemented in 
this way. Will the time ever come 
when we women, who try to be so 
careful about our own wardrobe, 
shall bestir ourselves to do what we 
can to secure enough money to allow 
your society to enlarge the mission- 
ary grants, that the missionaries may 
be able to live on the same plan that 
we do? 

I have been trying to put myself 
into their places. How would I like, 
were I on the frontier, to receive a 
box with Mrs. A's hat, already worn 
two years, and with Mrs. B's dress, 
which truly has much wear in it, but 
which is not quite fresh? I think I 
should feel it, and I remember being 
told of missionaries who could not 
bring themselves to fill out one of 
the blanks. Some say that consid- 
ering conditions these boxes must 
be continued. But are we never 
going to change the condition and 
support these good workers a little 
more generously, so that the box of 
partly worn things may cease to be? 
I am glad I know of a few boxes 
which go with everything new. God 
bless the women that pack such as 

I thought this all over in my gar- 
ret with the result that I put back 
some of my things. I could not feel 
that they were nice enough to send, 
and here I am writing to you about 
it. H. M, W. 


"He only is great at heart who 
floods the world with a great affec- 

He only is great of mind who stirs 
the world with great thoughts. 

He only is great of will who does 
something to shape the world to a 
great career. 

And he is greatest who does the 
most of all these things and does 
them well." 

Roswell D, Hitchcock. 



Si pt( rabei . 

Not in commission last year. 

Anderson, Frank, Missoula. Mont. 

Benedict. Arthur J., Tombstone, Ariz. 

Coffin, Joseph, Atlanta, < la. 

Ford, [esse, Baxley, Ga.; Frank, Wheeler Hart, 
levillo and Albee, So. Dak. 

Gimblett. William H.. Litchfield and Marion, No. 

Holton, Horace F ., Kansas City, Mo. 

Jackson, Ernest G. H.. l'omeroy, Wash. 

Lougnecker, George W., IV rthold, No. Dak. 

Pearson, Daniel I.. Wilsonville, Ga. 

Reade, Otho E., Lusk and Manville, Wyo.; Reister. 
John I"., Blue Crass. No. Dak; Rowley, Ralph A., 
.akeside and Chelan. Wash. 

Sewell, B. F., Lewiston, Idaho,; Spalding, (V. I!., Jr.. 
ftBd Lodge. Mont.; Streeter. Clayton M.. Trinidad, 

Re-coin in iss to ned. 

Bainton, Charles M.. Walla Walla. Wash.; Barnes, 
Bert [., Harvey, No. Dak.; Bascom, George S.. 
vureka, No. Dak.;"Bjorklund, Ernst V., St. Cloud, and 
>auk Rapids, Minn. 

Camfield, Lewis E., Academy, So, Dak.; Collins, 
leortrc B., Minneha and Newalla, Okla.; Cowman, 

Tualatin, and Sherwood, i >regon 
Davies, Janus. Carretson, So. Dak. 
Edgar, Edwin II., Oacoma, So. Dak.; Evans, James 
[., Frostburg, Md. 
Fairbanks, Charles < .., I >awsonand Tappan, No. Dak. 

Gasaue, Wallace, i rilmore, Da.; Gorton, Philo, Little- 
ton. Colo.: Grabill, I). Q., Park City, Utah 

Healey, Franklin D., Chewelab, wash.; Hess, Henry, 
Butte and Napier, Neb.; Hibbard, R. P., Tryon.N. C; 
Hughes, John E., Wessington, Springs, So. Dak. 

Jevne, Charles A., Buchanan, No. Dak.; Jones, John 
IC. Mohall, No. Dak. 

King, Charles C. Stone Mountain, (7a. 

Miller, Albert C Lebanon and Logan, So. Dak ; 
Moore, George W., Spring Creek, Pa.; Mueller, Rud- 
olph C, Medina, and vicinity, No. Dak. 

Nelson, Gustave W., Albany, Oregon 

Perry, Augustus C Dawson ville, Ga. 

Smith, E. L., Lake Preston, So. Dak. 

Tillman, William II., Atlanta, Ga. 

Upshaw, William L., St. John's Oregon 

Weatherby, Seaborn, lirice. Texas,; Woodworth, A. 
V., Manvel and Olivet, No. Dak. 

Young, Arthur G., t'olfax, Abercrombie, Barrieand 
Christine, No. Dak. 


September. 1905. 

««r account 0/ receipts by State Auxiliary Societies* 

see page 221 < 
¥EW HAMPSHIRE— $S 7 .,. 75; o!" which legacy, $859.75. 

Bennington, 4.01; Dalton, Rev. H. H. Colburn, 15; Lee, 
(;; Lyme, Estate of Louisa II. Horton, Bsg 75; Pittsfield, 
3.9 1. 

VERMONT >si .52; of which legacy, $500. 

Burlington. Estate of Mrs, 1. F\ Hickok, 500; Jericho, 
'st, m.-m; Middlebury, Mrs. J. W. Holloday. 2; Water- 
mry, r •. •-; West Glover, C. C. King, 5. 

MASSACHUSETTES— $1,867.79; of which legacy, $905. 11. 
Amherst. Estate of Eliza f. Williams, 505.11; L. D. 
Hills. 25; Boston, I. M. E. Drake. 5; H. S. Robinson. 
155; C. H. Rutan,"ioo; Rev. K. S. Tead, 25; Mrs. E. 
Torrey. 25; E. Torrev, 125; Cherry Valley, P. L. Hol- 
brook, 2; Dightou, 1st, 4.92; Haverhill, M. R. Nichols, 
to; Haydenville, 8.41; Hinsdale, M. B. Emmons. 10; Hol- 
len, Miss N. Ferry, 1; Holliston, Estate of Julia A. 
Johnson, 400; Holyoke, 1st. 22.75: Lee, S. C. Shannon, 
2; A. R. Smith. 10; Lenox, W. D. Curtis, 25; Middleboro, 
Mrs. J. N. Copeland, 50; Nashua River, Local Union of 
Christian Endeavor, 20; Pertersham, E. R. Dawes. 250: 
Pittsfield, Miss J. W. Redfield. 10; Salem, A Friend, 
Tab., Ch. 25; Springfield, So.. 85.10; A Friend, 1; A 
memorial offering A 1'riend, 5; Sturbridge, A Friend, 
5; Templeton, Mrs. B. R. Manning. 3.50; Upton, Mrs. M. 
W. Claflin and daughter, n; Waltham, Mrs M. C. 
Roberts, 5; Ware, S. A. Spooner, 10; Whitinsville, A 
Friend, 10; Williamstown, F. Carter. 50; Worcester, 
Piedmont, 21. 

RHODE ISLAND— $102; of which legacy, $100. 

Westerly, Kstate of Ann Riley. 100. Wood River Junc- 
tion, 2. 

CONNECTICUT— $4,534.52; of which lej 2.62. 

Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. I. S. Ives. [7.20; For 
Salaries of Western Snpts.. 6 - 5;" Bethlehem, 1st, 18.86; 
S. S. 4.76; 23.62; T. Bird, 20; Bristol, H. C.Thompson, 
100; Connecticut, A Friend, 5; Cornwall, Estate of S. C. 
Beers, 05.62; Derby, 1st, C. I-!., 4.70; East Haven, 17; Frank- 
lin, 7.14; Glastonbury, S H Williams. 10; Greenwich, 

2nd, S. S. 13; Stillson Benev. Soc. of the 2nd, to const 
A. <',. Bridge, Mrs. W. Dezendorf. Mrs. < ). Tutthil, 
Mrs, s. Radford, Mr.,. J. Manendez, Mrs. H. R. Frost 
and Mrs. C. A. Baker, Hon. L. Ms., 550; Groton, In lov 
ing memory of M. C. H., 250; Guilford, 1st 30; C. J. 
Sage, 100; Hartford, Mrs. M. A. Williams, 20; Kent, is't. 
Litchfield, O. M. Woodruff, ro; Meriden, N. F. 1st, 
10; New Fairfield, 8.74; New Haven, Mrs. C. T. Dwight. 
10; A Friend, 1; New London, 2nd, 2;; Miss C. W. 
Chapell, 200; North Branford, Estate of Luther Chid- 
sey. 7, North Stonington, F^state of Minerva Miner, 
2,000; Plainville, 40; Somerville, 16.50; Waterbury, Mrs. 
G. C. Hill. 10; West Hartford, A Friend, 35. 

NEW YORK $519.49 

Binghamton, 1st, 250; Miss J. Hull, 5; Brooklyn, 
United, 24.^6; East Bloomfiald, 1st, 16.73; Halls Corners, 
Miss M. M. Foote, 10; Lockport, G. B. Thompson, 25; 
New York State, Friends, too; Patchogue, C. E., 6.65; Port 
Leyden, A. L Schroeder, 25; Saugerties, 12.25; Warsaw. 
.Air. and Mrs. M. A. Barber, 15; West Bloomfield, S. S., 
4.5 ; Yonkers, Don O. Shelton, 20. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall. Treas. New 
York City, Primary Dep. Pilgrim S. S.. 5. 

NEW JERSEY— $149.93 

Dover, Scand. Bethlehem, 1.25; Little Ferry, German 
Evan., '"■; Newark, Belleville Ave. 69.07; Plainfield, S. 
S . 5; River Edge, ist, 26.61; Somerville, Mrs M. T. lay- 
man, 10. 

Woman's H.;M. Union, Mrs. G. A. I.. Merritield, Treas. 
Gennantown, C. F~. ist, 12. 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Ridgeway, Swedes 2nd. 
4.14; Audenried, Welsh, S. S.,5; Chandler's Valley, Swed- 
ish, 2.50; Coaldale, 2nd, 3; Du Bois, Swedes, 3.75; Philad- 
elphia, W. B. Lambert, 15; Spring Creek, 5.50; Warren, 
Scand. Bethel., 5. 

Washingcon E. Whittlesey ro 


GEORGIA— $10. 
Fort Valley, ist, 10. 

ALABAMA— $6.06. 

Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke, Hackleburg, 3; Woodbine, 
j, 06. 

Hammond, 5.80. 

FLORIDA— $43.71. 
Key West, ist, 18.71; West Palm Beach, J. C. StOwers, 

Grice, Pilgrim, t.30; Tyler, 

TEXAS— $18.80 

Dallas, Central S. S., i: 
ist, 2.50. 

Vinita, Mrs. J. Swain, 1. 


Woman's H. M. Union of the Tenn. Assoc, by Mrs. J..C. 
Xapier, Treas., 7.50. 

Indianapolis, Covenant, 3; 

MISSOURI— $225.08. 

Granby, ist, 1.74; St. Louis, Immanuel, 3.7s; Spring- 
field, German, 5. 

Woman's H M. Union, Mrs. A. D Rider, Treas. De Soto 
2; Green Ridge, .=;o; Kansas City, Clyde. C. E., 5; West- 
minster, 41.60; Maplewood, 6.25; St Joseph, 6.70; St. Louis, 

ist, Sr. I.. M. S., 34.13; V. W. Assoc., 4; Immanuel, 
.80; Memorial, 2.40; Pilgrim, W. Assoc, 91.96; Sedalia, 

1st, 5; Springfield, 14.25. Total, 214.59 

Clear Lake, Swedes, 2.35; Merrill, Seands., 1.50. 

IOWA— $40.71. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by Mi^s A. 1). Merrill, Treas. 
21.83; Lansing, German, 18.88. 

MINNESOTA -$668. 88. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, Campbell, 5.S7; Minne- 
apolis, Oak Park, 5; Pilgrim add'l, 21; Park Ave.. 13.- 
50; Plymouth, 72.59; New Ulm, 15; Tintah, 1.35; Wadena, 
W7- T.-tal, 137.78. 

Brownton, 6; Stewart, 2.35; 8.35; Fosston, 3; Garvin, 6.16; 
Spencer Brook and Athens, Swedes, 7.32: Stillwater, Grace, 

Woman's H. M. Union, Minn. Mrs A. W. Norton, Treas - 
Anoka, 5; Alexandria, 25; Appleton, 5; Cannon Falls, 5' 
Crookston, 11.65, Duluth, Pilgrim, 44.67; Elk River, 2.50; 
Fairmont, 7; Faribault, 2.01; Fergus Falls, 6.45; Glencoe, 
4.50; Grand Meadow, 5; Hawley, 3 50; Hutchinson, 2.50; 
Mankato, 9; Marietta, 2; Marshall, 4.40; Minneapolis, Park 
Ave., 20.02; Forrest Heights. 10; Fremont Ave., 15; 
Vine, 15; Lowry Hill, 18. 80; Pilgrim, 5; Montevideo, C. 

K., 5; Moorhead, 6; Morris, to; New Richland, 5; Nortbfleldj 
go; Owatonna, 50; Plainview, 7.50; Rochester, 5; St. Paul ( 
People's 12.50; Atlantic, 2.50; university, 4; Plymoutl 
r9. 17; Park, 4.50; St. Anthony Park", 14; Merriaii 
Parir, Olivet, 13.80; Sherburn, 4; Spring Valley, 
Waseca, 2.50; Winona, 60; Worthington, 13.22; S. S., 2 
Zumbrota, 9.12; 548.77 

Less Expenses 45.* 

Total 503.77 

NEBRASKA— $159.01. 

Nebraska, H. M. Soc, by L. Gregory, Treas. Cortland, 
Jr. C. E., 3.20; Daily Branch, 3.20; Hastings, ist, 8; Leigh. 
14.80; Lincoln, ist, 16; Newcastle, 5; Omaha, St. Mary'n 
Ave. 4. Total 44.20 

Aurora, Mrs. J. B. Hainer, 10; Grant, 2; Hallam, Ger- 
man, 10; Harvard, 32.60; Lincoln. 9.96; Newman Grove, 15 
palisade, 6.25; Sargent, ist, 19. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $ 7I . 50. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Dazey, 8; Fargo, Plymouth. 
C Marion, 3.50; Olivet, 2; Woman's H. M. U. Mrs. J. M. 
Fisher. Treas. Caledonia, 1.65; Crary, 5; Hankinson, 3.10; 
Harwood, 15.50, Jamestown, 5. Total 47-71 

Eldridge, 7; Fargo, Scand. 1.50; Jamestown, ist, g;j 
Lawton, 6.25 


Aberdeen, Plymouth, 2.35; Albee, 8.78; Elk Point 5;: 
Pleasant Valley, 6.25; Sioux Falls, German, S. S., 2.50. 

COLORADO $131.68. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Gunnison, Haby Ruth 
Spencer, k; Telluride, C. E. Soc., 10; 15; Bethune, 2; 
Brighton, Piatt Valley, 6.38. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss I. M. Strong Treas. Buenaj 
Vista, 5; Denver. Boulevard, 13.54; Pilgrim, 7.54, 
Longmont, 10; Manitou, 15; Montrose, 12.40; Pueblo, isti 
15; Telluride, 25; Whitewater, 5; Total 108.4V 

IDAHO $2. 
Challis, ist, 2. 

CALIFORNIA -.$97. 75. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile, Ontario, add'l, 25; Lob An- 
geles, 3rd, 17.75; Ventura, Y. P. S. C. E., 5. Total 47.7-, 

Villa Park, ist. 50. 

OREGON- $18. 
Ontario, ist. 4; Willsburg, 14. 


Contributions ...$5,817.80 

Legacies 4,467.48 


Home Missionary 


560. IC. 


Total $10,900.67 



Receipts in September, 1905. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. Mass. 

Amherst, 2nd, 5.60; Ashfield, 21.84; Assonet, 75; Boston* 
komsev, 25; Conway, 9.06; Dunstable, 40; E. Bridgewatep 
I'nion, 21.94; Easthampton, First, 19.25, Erving, 4.16^ 
Fitchburg, German, 10; Rollston, 20.97; Gardner, 125; 
Greenfield, 2nd, 29 84; Holyoke, ist, 50; Polish Work, 7.50; 
Second 181.20; Kingston, Mayflowe r , 10; Lakeville Pre- 
cinct, 29; Leverett, 10; Monson, Swede, .90; Newburyport, 
North, 12.92; North Orange, 10; Pepperell, 20.76; Pittsfield, 
French, 10; Readville, Blue Hill, 4.42; Reed Fund, In- 
come of, 127.50; Saudisfield, 3; Shrewsbury 8; Southbridge, 
s: South Wellfleet, 5: Springfield, Eastern Ave.. 7.24; 
Stockbridge, 30.50; Wall Fund, Income of, 70; Walpole, 
2nd. 9.83; Clarrissa Guild Estate, 600; Waltham, Swede, 
7, Westboro, 51.70; West Boylston. ist, 8.17: WestMedway, 
ro.20; West Newbury, 2nd, 10; Whitcomb Fund, Income 
of, 45; Worcester, Piedmont, 4. 

Woman's H. M. Assn., Lizzie 1 >. Smith, Treas. Salary 

for Italian worker, 35. 


Regular $i.7''7-5< 

W. H. M. A - ---- 35-oo 

Home Missionary z.oo 

Total $1,804.51. 


Receipts in September, 1905. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Berlin, C. E., Special for Italian work, 35; Berlin. 
Italian Mission, 3.25; Centerbrook, 2.76; Cornwall, 2nd, 
C. E., 10; East Canaan, 4.18; Eastford, 23.50; Georgetown. 
Swedish, 5; Goshen, in Lebanon, 3; Griswold, 15.75; 
Guilford, 1st, 20; Haddam, ist., 5; Higganum, 30; Kent, 
4.88, Nepaug, 1 3. 36; C. E., 10; New London, 2nd, 250: 
North Branford, 15.31; Northford, 12; North Stamford, 5; 
Norwich, Swedish. 1.88 Old Lyme, C. E., 10: Ridgefield. 
!3 96; Rockville, 65. 83; Scotland, ri; South Glastonbury, 5; 


Southport, .11.72; South Windsor, ml. 17.24; Thomastou, 
iSt. 10.58; S. S., 25; Thompson, [6.27; Waterbury, 2nd 
Mrs. A. S. Chase, Personal, ro; Miss Alice M. I has. , 
Personal. 10; Watertown, 90; West SufHeld, 32.53. 

Total $i>445-°5 


Receipts in September, 1905. 
Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Aloxandria, 4 ;Audover, R. C. McClelland 5; Ashtabula. 
tSt, 24.70, Charlestown, 5; Cincinnati, No. Fair mount, 
Pei", 2; E. Greenville, 1; Edinburg, add'l. t; Hudson, 22; W. 
\ i'i f>o; Jefferson, 22.50; Kent, 1 7. -7; Lyme, u>.<n; Per. , 
No. Amherst, C. E., 5; Ravenna, 24; Secretary Pulpit 
Supp'v, 10; Sullivan, S.fih; Toledo, Washington St., 6.07 
Total iii 1 


Receipts in September, 1905. 

Mrs. George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo. 

Akron, W. M. S., 4: Alexandria, W M. S., i;Barberton, 
Mrs Richards, 5; Berlin Heights, W. M. S. . 1.40; Bur- 
ton, Per. 2.5..; W. M. S., 2. so; Cleveland, Bethlehem 
W.M. S.. 6; First \V. A., 14; Mt. Zion W. M. S.,4.25; 
Fredericksburg, 4.20; Greenwich, \V. M. S.,3 iS; Ironton, 
W M S., 5; Marietta, Harmar, 1.70 Marysville, \V. .M. 
S , Dime Bank, 5; No. Ridgeville, W. M. S. .50; Paines- 
ville, W M S . 7.30; Richfield, W. M. S., 2.80; Strongs 
ville, ; . 3 6; Tallraadge, V. L., 5; W. M. S., 10; Toledo, 
Central, S. S., 5; 1st, W. M. S.. 50; Twinsburg, A 
Friend, 50. Total $193-69 

General total 393-43 


Receipts in May and August 1905. 
Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer, Lansing. 

Ann Arbor, 83.35; Armada, 4; Batavia, .87; Bay 
City, S. S., 15; Brimley, 10; Cedar, 2.10; Chase, 3.08; 
Detroit, 1st. 500'; Woodward Ave., S6.76; Brewster, 
F 3 . ;2 ; East Paris, 5; Echo, 2: Ellsworth, S. S.. 2.50; Free- 
port, S. S., 2.52: Garden, 5; Gihnore, 1; Grand Rapids, 1st; 
50; Hart laid", .57; Hersey, 4 50; Honor, 1; Iroquois, 2.50; 
Lansing, Plymouth, 5.71: Maple City, 2.25; Merrill, 5, 
Moline, n. ,5; Moline, Y. P. S. C. E., 9 20; Muskegon; 

Bible School. 4; Newaygo, 2.84; Old Mission, 7.03; Onon- 
daga, 3.90; Oxford, 3.86: St. Joseph, 5; Sandstone, N . P. S. 
C. E., 9: Shaftsburg, 20; South Haven, S. S.. S.50; Stan- 
ton, 50; West Adrian, 13.60; Wyandotte, 25; Ypsilanti, -s; 
Rev. S. Vaughan, 6; W. II. M. 1., by Mrs. E. F. Gra- 
bill, Treasurer, 457.30. Total .1,447.71 

Receipts for September, 1905. 

Addison, 12; Alba, 1; Berryville, 5: Breckenridge, 2; Calu- 
met, 87.3c); Echo, 5; Grand Rapids, .st. 5; Kalamazoo, 
Henrv "Montague, to; Moline. Jr. Y. P. S. C. E ., 
Thompsonville, 2.84; Wheatland, to.66; Interest on Per- 
manent Funds ^42.62; Miscellaneous, Rev. S. 
Vaughan, t.69; Woman's Home Mission Union, by Mrs. E. 
P, Grabill, Treas , 1 -5. Total $635 


Received and Reported at the Rooms of the Woman's Home 
Missionary Association, Boston, Mass. from April 1, 1905, to 
Oct. 1. 1905. . 

Mis-, L. L. Sherman, Secretary. Ainesbury, Main 
St Ch., A\i.\., Cash, 20; Bedford, Aux.. 2 boxes. 
5040- Boston, Old South S. C , bbl., 185.17; Boston, Old 
South S. ('.. bbl., 264.10; Bristol, R. I., Aux, bbl ., 
,» t2 ; Brookline, Harvard Ch., L. H. M. S.. box. 
[78.35; Cambridge, 1st, Ch., Aux . bbl., 68.60; Fall River, 
Central Ch.. Aux., box, 305; Granby. L. B. S., Aux., 
bbl. 5>.}9: Great Barrington, bbl.. 75; Groton, 2 bbls.. 
165- Haverhill, Center Ch.. Aux., bbl. 82; Haverhill, 
books, 150; Holliston, Aux.. bbl., and pkg., 80; Lee, 
Aux., box, 93.26; Lincoln, Aux., bbl., 53.77; Lowell, 
High St., Ch., Aux., box, 52.25; Lynn, 1st, Ch.. Aux., 
box, 27.65; Medford, Mystic Ch.. Aux., bbl.. 90; Monson, 
Aux., box, 150; Oxford, Aux.. bbl., 57.50; Peabody, South 
Ch., Aux., bbl., 62; Portland, Me., St. Lawrence. Ch , 
Aux., bbl., 45; Providence, R. I., Central Ch.. Aux., 
2 boxes, 222.30; Providence, R. I., Cental Ch., Aux., 2 
boxes, 1 7Q. 41; Providence, R. I., Union Ch., Aux., box, 
190; Randolph, Aux.. bbl., 33.33; Roslindale, Aux., bbl., 
64. 31; Roxbury, Walnut Ave., Ch., Aux., bbl., 173-4°; 
Sharon, Aux.. bbl., 88.68; Spencer, Aux.. Cash 25; box, 
7660; Spencer, Aux., box. ^1.57; Swampscott, 1'ro 
Christo Soc'v. box 30; Wakefield, Aux., bbl., 120; West- 
boro, Aux., bbl., 55; West Boxford, Aux., box, 25. io. 
Westfield, 1st, Ch., Aux., box, 45.45; West Brookfield, 
Aux., bbl., 47.17; Westminster, Aux., bbl., 27.75; win ' 
chendon, Aux., box, 80.74: Winchendon^ Aux., box, 150.93 
Winchester, M.'.C, Aux., bbl., 127.91. Total $4,212.3.1 

Rudolph Lenz 


62-55 Bible House 
New York 



t, NEW HAMPSHIEB, Female Cent. Institution, 
organized August, 1804; and Home Missionary Union, 
organized June. 1890. President, Mrs. James Minot, 
Concord; "Secretary, Mrs. M. W. Nims, 5 Blake Si , 
Concord; Treasurer, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 
N. Main St., Concord. 

2, MINNESOTA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized September. 1872. President, Miss Catharine 
W. Nichols. 230 E. 9th St., St. Paul; Secretary, 
Mrs. J. E. Truesdell,igioDupont Ave., South. Minne- 
apolis; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Northfield. 

3, ALABAMA, Woman's Missionary Union, organized 
March 1877; reorganized April, 1889. President, 
Mrs. M. A. Dillard, Selma; Secretary, Mrs. E. Guy 
Snell, Talladega; Treasurer, Mrs. A. W. Horney, 425 
Margaret Ave., Smithfield, Birmingham. 

certain au iliaries elsewhere). Woman's Hone 
Missionary Association, organized February, iSt'o. 
President, 'Mrs. Win. II. Blodgett, 645 Centre St.. 
Newton, Mass.; Secretary, Miss. L. L. Sherman. 607 
Congregational House, Boston; Treasurer, Miss Lizzie 
D. White, 607 Congregational House, Boston. 

5, MAINE, Woman's Missionary Auxiliary, or- 
ganized June, 1880. President, Mrs. Katherine B. 
Lewis. S. Berwick; Secretary, Mrs. Emma C. Water- 
man, Gorham; Treasurer, Mrs. Helen W. Hubbard, 7 , 
Pine St., Bangor. 

6, MICHIGAN, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1881. President, Mrs. C. R. Wilson, 
65 Frederick Ave.. Detroit; Cor. Secretary, Mrs. Percy 
(iaines. 298 Hudson Ave., Detroit; Treasurer, Mrs. E. 
F. Grabill, Greenville. 

7, KANSAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October. 1881. President, Mrs. J. E. Ingham, 
Topeka; Secretary, Mrs. Emma E. Johnston, 1323 W. 
isth St., Topeka; Treasurer, Mrs. W. A. Sloo, 1112 W. 
13th St., Topeka. 

8, OHIO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May, 1882. President, Mrs. C. H. Small. 
"The Republic," Republic St. .Cleveland; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. B. Brown, 21 16 Warren St., Toledo. 

9, NEW YORK, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. William 
Kincaid, 483 Greene Ave.. Brooklyn: Secretary, Mrs. 
Howard F. Doane. 252 West 104th St., New York 
City; Treasurer, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 153 Decatur St., 

10, WISCONSIN. Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. T. G. Gras- 
sie, Wauwatosa; Secretary, Mrs. J. H. Dixon, 1024 
Chapin St., Beloit; Treasurer, Mrs. Erastus G. Smith, 
649 Harrison Ave., Beloit. 

11, NORTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized November, 1883 President, Mrs. E. 
H. Stickney, Fargo; Secretary, Mrs. Silas Daggett, 
Harwood; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Fargo. 

12, OREGON, Woman's Home Mi sionary Union, or- 
ganized July. 1S84. President, Mrs. E. W. Luckey, 
707 Marshall St., Portland; Cor. Secretary, Miss Mercy 
Clarke, 395 Fourth St.. Portland; Treasurer, Mrs. C. 

F. Clapp. Forest Grove. 

13, WASHINGTON, Including Northern Idaho, 
Woman's Home Missionary Union, organized luly. 
1884; reorganized June, 1889. President, Mrs. W. C. 
Wheeler, 424 South K. St., Tacoma; Secretary, Mrs. 
Herbert S. Gregory, Spanaway; Treasurer, E. B. Bur- 
well, 323 Seventh Ave., Seattle. 

14, SOUTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized September, 1884. President, Mrs. H. 
K. Warren, Yankton; Secretary, Mrs. A. C. Bowdish, 
Mitchell; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Loomis, Redfield. 

15, CONNECTICUT, Woman s Conereeational Home 
Missionary Union 0/ Connecticut, organized January. 
1885. President, Mrs. Washington Choate, Green- 
wich; Secretary, Mrs. C. T. Millard, 36 Lewis St., 
Hartford; Treasurer, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, 530 Farm- 
ington Ave., Hartford. 

16, MISSOURI, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. M. T. Runnels. 
2406 Troost Ave., Kansas City; Secretary, Mrs. M. S. 
Manning, 2203 Elma Ave., Kansas City; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. D. Ryder, 2524 Forest Ave., Kansas City. 

17, ILLINOIS, Woman' s Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. B. W. Firman. 
1012 Iowa St., Oak Park; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 

G. H. Schneider, 919 Warren Ave., Chicago; Treasurer, 
Mrs. A. O. Whitcomb, 463 Irving Ave., Douglas 
Park Station, Chicago. 

18, IOWA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized June, 1886. President, Mrs. D. F. Bradley: 
Grinnell; Secretary, Mrs. H. K. Edson, Grinnell. 
Treasurer, Mrs. T. O. Douglass, Grinnell. 

19, NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis 
siona~y Union, organized June, 1887. President, Mrs 
F. B. Perkins, 600 Seventeenth St., Oak'and; Secretary, 
Mrs. E. S. Williams, Saratoga: Treasurer, Mrs. I. M. 
Haven, 1 ^29 Parrison St., Oakland. 

20, NEBRASKA, Woman's HomeMissionary Union 
organized November, 1887, President, Rev. Laura H" 
Wild, 1306 But er Ave., Lincoln: Secretary, Mrs H 
BroiK, 2904 O St., Lincoln; Treasurer, Mrs. Charlotte 
J. Hall, 2322 Vine St., Lincoln. 

21, FLORIDA, W man's Horn Missionary Unionf or- 
ganized February, 1888. President, Mrs.S. F. Gale, 

lacksonville; Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Edmondson, Day- 
tona; Treasurer, Mrs. Catherine A, Lewis, Mt. Dora. 

22, INDIANA, Woman's Home Missionary Union 
organized May, 1888. President, Mrs. W. A. Bell, 121 1 
Broadway, Indianapolis; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
Anna D. Davis, 1608 Bei'efontaine St , Indianapolis 

23, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized May, 1888. President and 
Secretary, Mrs Kate G. Robertson, Mentone; Treas- 
urer, Mrs Katharine Barnes, Pasadena. 

24, VERMONT, Woman', H^me Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1888. President, Mrs. Rebecca P. 
Fairbanks, St. Johnsburv: Secretary, Mrs. C L. Smith, 
159 Pine St., Burlington ^Treasurer, Mrs. C. H.Thomp- 
son, Brattleboro. 

25, COLORADO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized October, 1888. President, Vrs W. E. Let- 
ford, Longmont; Secretary, Mrs Burke Turrell, Long- 
mont; Treasurer, Miss I. M Strong, P. O. Box 177, 

26, WYOMING, Woman's Missionary Union, or- 
ganized May, 1893. President, Mrs. P. F. Powelson, 
Cheyenne: Secretary, Mrs. H. B Patten, Cheyenne; 
Treasurer, Miss Edith McCrum, Cheyenne 

27, GEORGIA, Woman's M'.-sionary Uni^n, organized 
November, 1888; new organization October, 1898. 
President, Mrs H. H Procter Atl nta: Secretary, Miss 
Jenn f-Curiiss Mcintosh; Treasurer, Mrs. H. T. Jchn- 
son. Rutland 

. 29, LOUISIANA, Wo~a»'s M-ssionary Union, or- 
ganized April 1889. President, Mrs. L. S* J. Hitch- 
cock, 2436 Canal St , New Orleans; Secretary, Mrs A 
L DeMond. 222 S Roman St., New Orleans; Treasurer, 
Miss Marv L Rogers, 2420 Canal S r . New Orl ans. 

II Oman's Missionary Union 0/ tk- I 'nnessee Associa- 
tion organ'zed April, 1889. President, Mrs. G W. 
Moore. 926 N. Addison Ave . Nashville, Tenn ; Secre- 
tary, Mrs. [ E Smith Chattanooga, Tenn. ; Treasurer, 
Mrs. 1. C. "Napier Nashville. 

31, NORTH CAROLINA, Woman's Missionary Union. 
organ zed October. 1889. President, Mrs. C. Newkirk, 
Mooresville; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. H. R. 
Faduma, Troy. 

32, TEXAS, Wotran's Horn- Missionary Union, or- 
ganized March jSgo Secretary, Mrs. Donald Hinck- 
ley Dalla=; Treasurer, Mrs A. Geen Dallas. 

33, MONTANA, Woman's Home M-ssionary Union, 
organized May, 1890. Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs W. 
S. B II. 611 Sp- c S* . St Helena. 

34, PENNSYLVANIA, W man's Missionary Union, 
organized J- ne. 1890 President, Mrs. E. E. Dexter, 
Philadelphia; Secretary. Mrs. W. H. Chapin Wil- 
liamspor': Treasurer, Mrs. David Howells, Kane. 

35, OKLAHOMA, Woman' < Missionary Union, or- 
ganized October 1890 President, Mrs. O. W. Rogers. 
Medford; Secretary, Mrs. C. M. Terhune, El Reno; 
Treasurer, Mrs Cca Worrell, Pond Creek. 

36, NEW JERSEY, Including District of Columbia, 
Maryland and Virginia. Woman's Home Missionary 
Union of the N iv Jersey A 'Sociatioi:, organized 
March. 1S91 President, Mr*. John M. Whiton, Plain- 
field; Secretary, Mrs. Allen H. Still. Westfield; 
Treasurer, Mrs. G. A. L. Merrifield, Falls Church, Va. 

37, UTAH, Including Southern Idaho Woman's 
Missionary Union, organized Mav, 1891. President, 
Mrs. C. T. Hemphill Salt Lake City.Ut*h: Secretary. 
Mrs. L. E. Hall. Salt Lake Citv, Utah; Treasurer, Mrs, 
A. A. Wenger. 5 6 3 Twenty-fifth St., Ogden Utah: 
Treasurer for Idaho, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatello. Idaho 

41, IDAHO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, or- 
ganized 1895. President, Mrs. R. B. Wright, Boise: 
Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Mason, Mountain Home, Treas- 
urer, Mrs. G. W. Derr, Pocatel'o, Idaho. 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. V. 

Henry C. KiN(;, D.D., President , 

Joseph B. Clark, D.D., Washington Choatk, D.D., 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 

Watson L. Phillips, D.D., Chairman Rev. Livingston L. Taylor, Recording Secretary 
Thomas C. MacMillan S. P. Cadman. D.D. C. C. West 

Edward N. Packard, D.D. Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. George P. Stockwell 

Rev. William h. Holman Sylvester B. Carter Rev. Henry H. Kelsey 

William H. Wanamaker George W. Hebard 

Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PunnEFOOT, South Franiinghain, Mass. 
Field Assistant, Mls»!> M. DEAN MOFFATT. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. V. S Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio 

Ed w. D. Curtis. D.D. .- Indianapolis. Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

b. P. Gale, D.D Jacksonville, Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

(iei). R. Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D Carthage. Mo. Arizona, Utah and Idaho), 

Rev. W. \V. Scudder, Jr West Seattle. Wash. Salt Lake City 

Kev. W. li. IX Gray Cheyenne. Wyo. Rev. John L. Maile Los Angeles, Cal. 

Harmon Bross, D.D Lincoln, Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp Forest Grove, Ore. 

Kev A. T. Clarke Fort Payne. Ala. Rev. Charles A. Jones, 412 South 45th St., Phila.. Pa. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D Atlanta, Ga. Rev. W. S. Hell I. ..Helena, Mont 

Tex. Rev. J. Homer Parker Kingfisher, Okla. 

W II. Thrall, D.D Huron, S. Dak. (Jeo. L. Todd, D.D. ...Havan.. 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. p. Hubbard. Treasurer " " " Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

kev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

A lv i n B. Cross. Treasurer " " " *' :.. Concord, N. 11. 

Charles H. Merrill. D.D., Secretary. .Vermont Domestic " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

) T. Richie, Treasurer " " " " 1 ,. St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

I- R Emrich. D.D. , Secretary Massachusetts Home " " / 603 Cong'l House, 

Krv Joshua Coit, Treasurer " " " •• j" Boston, Mass. 

krv I. H. Lyon, Secretary Rhode Island " " " Central Falls. R. I. 

|ws Win. Rice, Treasurer - " " " " Providence, R. 1. 

kev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut . Hartford. Conn. 

Ward W.Jacobs, Treasurer '" " Hartford, Conn. 

kev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22d St.. New York 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer " " " " " Fourth Ave. and 2^d St.. New York 

Kev. Charles H. Small, Secretary Ohio *- " " Cleveland. Ohio 

Kev. Charles II. Small, Treasurer..., " " " Cleveland, Ohio 

A. M. Brodie, D.D., Secretary Illinois " " " I 153 La Salle St.. 

lohn W. Iliff, Treasurer " " " " (" Chicago 

II. . mer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary. .Wisconsin " " " .'. Beloit, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer " " " " Whitewater, Wis 

CO. Douglass, D.D.. Secretary Iowa " " " Grinnell. Iowa 

Mis? A. D. Merrill, Treasurer " " " - Des Moines, Iowa 

William H.Warren, D.D., Secretary ..Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Kev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer.. " " " " , Lansing, Mich. 

Kev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka. Kan. 

H t Bowman, Treasurer " " " " Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. I. K. Harrison, Secretary California Home Missionary Society.., San Francisco, Cal. 

Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary .Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo 

kev W. W. Newell, Superintendent. " *' " St. Louis, Mo. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer " " " St. Louis, Mo 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

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rust now when the attention of the world is focused 
on Oregon and Marcus Whitman, there is a growing 
appreciation of those rugged pioneers who coveted the 
Western country for God. Don (> Shelton who is held 
in such esteem in the Young Men's Christian Association, 
seized the right moment to present in "Heroes of the 
Cross in America." a group of biographies of five Amer- 
i( , m pioneer missionaries, David Brainerd, John M. 
Peck Marcus Whitman. John L. Dyer and Joseph Ward 
These men had llic wood* cunning of Kit 
Carson, the faith and endurance of Paul, and 
U,o oviiis spirit of David Livii.gtone. It is a 
well written book, full of interest, as we 1 as information. 
Frank W. Ober, Editor Association Men. 

Tlie book is extremely interesting. It 
Avill anneal at once to the general reader, 
voiins or old. because it has the human touch that 
alwavs tells- and to those who make its subjects a 
study it will 'reveal the secret of true happiness of ser- 
vice Vid of nobility of character. Nowhere in the 
same number of pa S es can one find more 
ma ^"!hal makes for righteousness, for trne 
Americanism. Pastors who wish to awaken a re- 
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fect! ve thing than to secure the reading by their members 
of sichabookasthis.-THE Rev. Howard B. Grose, 
Editorial Secretary Baptist Home Mission Society. 

A mission study text-book, but full of living 
human interest. Pastors and young people will find 
the volume an excellent basis for definite home mission 
study.— The Missionary Review of the World. 

It fills a long unoccupied place in our missionary 
literature Its appeal to the heart along per- 
sonal Tbiogra iliical lines is at once direct 
and decisive. I shall certainly use it soon 
h a VIJ -book will, our young people. It 
oueht to be in every Sunday school library Every 
voung people's society ought to secure copies and circu- 
fate them among its" members.-THE Rev. Ernest 
Bourner Allen, Toledo, Ohio. 

Questions, literary references, and lists of topics 
for discussions make it a serviceable text-book. 
—The Outlook. 

The marginal titles are a great boon to students 
as well as to the general reader, while thequcrtionj 
for study following each chapter invite and 
»lmost compel a careful reading.-THE Rev 
STjB C?ar? Author of -Leavening the Nation.- 



28? Fourth Avrnue 







Secretary of the Congregational Home Missionary Society 

12 mo, illustrated, 362 pages, net $1.25 

Student's Edition, Red Paper Covers, 50 Cents 

JAMES S. DENNIS D.D., Students' Lecturer on Missions, Princeton, 1893 
and 1896. 

"I know of no book on Home Missions so informing and valuable to an earnest 
reader as 'Leavening the Nation.' A careful and thoughtful perusal cannot fail to 
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vol. lxxix DECEMBER, 1905 

No. 7 



By Minnie J Reynolds 

Author of Children of the Steerage 


* * ITALIA, ITALIA." — P .1 II lilt )IZW. 

There are two Italys in the pop- 
ular mind of America. One is 
the Italy of Dante and Michel- 
angelo; of Raphael and Leonardo da 
Vinci; of Verdi and Bellini; of 
D'Annunzio and Duse. A land of 

stately palaces, dripping with histo- 
ry ; of ancient castles, whose stones 
reek with romance; the school to 
which every artist of the Occident 
has humbly turned his footsteps; the 
spot to which every tourist bends 



his route most eagerly; the teacher 
of the world ; the place on earth 
which combines the most of natural 
beauty and human and historic in- 

Then there is another Italy. The 
Italy that lies below Eighth street 
in New York, and has a poor, smug- 
gling, darkskinned colony in every 
city of America; the Italy that 
stands behind the pushcart, and 
sprinkles an odor of garlic as it walks ; 
the Italy that is hated by our work- 
men almost as much as the Chinese; 
the Italy that imports the Mafia, 
and pursues strange and terrible re- 
venges in the slums of our great 
cit es. In one word "Dago Italy." 

The average American makes no 
attempt to reconcile the two. He 

admires the Italy^of history and art, 
and unhesitatingly gives it place 
among the great lands of the world. 
As for poor, immigrant, Dago Italy, 
he simply despises it. 

And yet these people of Dago 
Italy — they are of the same kind as 
those who made the Italy of the past. 
It was such as they who followed 
her old dukes and counts and fought 
her battles in the middle ages. It 
was they who rose under Garibaldi, 
drove out the Austrian and made 
free Italy. It is they who have made 
Italian art and music what they are 
and have been. For the genius rep- 
resents only the tastes and longings 
of the masses behind him. 

Think for a moment how greatly 
impoverished would be our inherit- 



ance from the past with Italy left 
out. Think of art with Italy taken 
out of it. Think of a world without 
any Italian music in it. Think of 
science without Archimedes and 
Marconi and Galileo, with his inven- 
tion of the thermometer and teles- 
cope, his discovery of the laws of 
motion and the movements of the 
earth and heavenly bodies. Think of 
history with Caesar and Columbus 
and Napoleon left out. Think what 
a difference it would have made had 
Roman roads and Roman law never 
overrun Europe. Think how much 
poorer and more barren the life of 
the world would be had Italy never 

Why, then, do we mourn so bit- 
terly because the character of our 
immigration is changing? How have 

the northern races surpassed the con- 
tributions of Italy to the sum of civ- 
ilization, that we welcome them so 
much more eagerly? If history shows 
any thing it is that the mixed races 
are the powerful ones. Why was it 
not one of the other three corners of 
the British Isles that produced one of 
the great, conquering, colonizing, 
civilizing races of history, instead of 
England? Because they staid pure 
Celtic, pure ancient Briton. It was 
the fourth corner, the one that was 
overrun and submerged and con- 
quered time and time again, and 
finally thoroughly amalgamated, 
that produced the great dominant 
race. When we speak with pride of 
"the old American stock, "let us re- 
member that the purest, most un- 
mixed strain of American blood now 



remaining is to be found in those 
mountain lands of the South to 
which we are now sending home mis- 
sionaries. Far from dreading the 
influence of this new admixture on 
the native stock, I believe the Ital- 
ians have something which we exact- 
ly need to give us. We have not 
enough art in our blood, not enough 
racial sense of the beautiful. Italian 
blood will yet produce American 
Pattis and Buses; American Correg- 
gios and Verdis. The people that 
built St. Peter's will give great archi- 
tects to America. The people who 
made the Italian gardens will give us 
great landscape gardeners. Already 
Italians are coming to the front in 
New York in all those crafts which 
verge upon art, like mosaic work of 
masonry and mortuary sculptures. 
We must not forget that these people 
are the Romans. The Romans, tak- 
ing them all in all, were the greatest 
race the world has ever seen, and it 
never died. Overrun by German 
tribes, its government fell, but its 
people continued. Amalgamating 
their conquerors they broke up into 
little countries, which in the middle 
ages made their free cities the cen- 
tres of arts and industries. Divided 
by centuries of feud with one anoth- 
er, they were yet able to unite in 
recent days and make one nation 
again; a renaissance of national life 
hardly to be paralleled in history. 
Ground down to-day by the terrible 
taxes necessary to enable a new and 
poor nation to maintain her place 
among the powers of Europe, its bur- 
dens complicated by the bitter opposi- 
tion ofthe powerful Papacy, Italy still 
has the vitality to send forth count- 
less hordes to the colonizing of 
North and South America. The 
Roman race has never died ; and in 
days to come it will contribute a new, 
a rich and a valuable strain to our 
national life. 

Why, then, do we despise the Ital- 
ian immigrant as we do? First, be- 
cause he is very poor. Second, be- 

cause he is the latest comer. We 
are quite willing to honor Marconi 
and Duse and Caruso. We are not 
at all ashamed to pay the tribute of 
adoring admiration to Italians in 
their case. They are geniuses, and 
not struggling geniuses. They are 
rich and successful. Our heiresses 
are quite willing to marry Italians, 
providing only they have names 
reaching back some centuries. But 
these poor people who come by way 
of Ellis Island, asking only a chance 
to work, them we despise. 

All the previous comers passed in 
turn through the same mill of scorn 
and prejudice, when they first be- 
gan to come in great numbers. But 
they have been here long enough 
now to acquire wealth and influence. 
The first great Jewish immigration 
set in from Germany some fifty 
years ago. Now there is a body of 
rich and influential Jews in every 
city, ready to look after the poor of 
their own race and resent any im- 
position. Jews, solidly blocked in 
their own quarters in New York and 
elsewhere, elect aldermen and mem- 
bers of Legislature and Congress. It 
is not wise to offend the Jew now. So 
the early German immigrants, who 
came here poor, have risen to the 
control of vast financial interests. 
Thousands of wealthy men among 
them support rich and influential 
German papers, theatres, opera 
houses and clubs. Hans is no longer 
sneered at. So Pat, when he was the 
pick and shovel man of America, 
held the place in popular estimation 
which Giovanni occupies to-day. But 
he holds it no longer. 

It is useless to say that these things 
do not influence us. They influence 
the whole world, and we Americans 
adore success and bend to money and 
power just as much as the rest of the 
world. We have taken power away 
from the church, and we don't mind 
about birth and family as they do in 
the old countries; but the billionaire 
is our national hero. We claim to 



honor those typical old American 
virtues, thrift and hard work. But 
we do not. If we did we would res- 
pect the Italian immigrant, for there 
is no man who works harder or more 
faithfully, or is more saving and 

The Italian is always frugal. He 
never leaves himself penniless. He 
never draws his pay envelope Satur- 
day night and goes to work Monday 
morning without a cent. That is 
not Luigi's way. He has a horror of 
being without money in his pocket. 
He has an abounding love of good 
clothes, of music, social intercourse 
and amusements. But if he has not 
money for those he goes without. 
He has had them all his life at home ; 
music, dancing, flowers, church 
feasts, outdoor life in a crowd. He 
comes to a cold, grey land, where he 
finds none of them. He makes them 
as best he can in the little tenement 
rooms. A disgusted American 
workingman said to me once: "A 
Dago doesn't even go on the bum 
like anybody else. Even on con- 
struction work, away from home, a 
crowd of them will rent a room in 
town on Saturday night and play 
cards by themselves without ever 
going near a saloon." Luigi is essen- 
tially temperate. He was raised in 
a wine growing country, and never 
heard of the idea of not drinking 
wine. But he drinks it as we do tea 
and coffee, as a beverage, not to get 
drunk on. Drunkenness may be 
definitely abstracted from the Ital- 
an's national sins. Of course, every- 
one will comprehend that I am 
speaking of national characteristics, 
which always have individual excep- 

Luigi is blamed because he and 
his kind collect in the big cities and 
peddle on the streets, instead of go- 
ing to the country. Nothing could 
be more unfair, especially in a coun- 
try whose own rural inhabitants 
flock to the cities each year in 
greater and greater throngs. The 

Italian is the pick and shovel man 
of America to-day. The subway of 
New York stands as a monument to 
his industry, as well as every piece 
of construction work now in process 
in the eastern states. The pushcart 
men of the cities are only a tiny 
percentage of the whole. If the 
Scandinavian goes to the farms and 
forests of the northwest, the Italian 
goes to the coal mines of Virginia 
and Pennsylvania and Colorado and 
the quarries of Vermont. Italiain 
are taking up abandoned farms In 
New England, land Americans will 
not live on, and making a living on 
them. They have an agricultural 
colony in California, Asti, where 
they produce a fine wine, and 
another in New Jersey where they 
grow the grapes used in a famous 
grape juice manufactory. Thou- 
sands of them are truck gardeners 
near the large cities. Already they 
own $17,000,000 of real estate in 
New York city. It is perfectly 
natural that they should remain In 
the cities if they can. If we were 
obliged to emigrate to Italy to earn 
a living, and found there colonies of 
Americans in every city, while in 
the country we would be surrounded 
by Italians, we would probably 
strain every nerve to find employ- 
mant in the cities. 

The Mafia is a great blot on the 
Italian name in America. But it is 
no more fair to judge Italy by the 
Mafia, than to judge Americans by 
negro burnings and frontier lynch- 
ings. It is not fair to judge any 
race by its criminal classes. Did not 
a certain Syrian personage say some- 
thing once of motes and beams? 

The family ties are very strong 
among the Italians. We hear much 
in these days of self analysis of the 
devotion of American men to their 
womenkind. But I have yet to 
know among American men more 
devotion than that shown among 
the poor Italian immigrants, as they 
painfully save from their pittances 


the sum necessary to support the 
family left at home, and then 
to bring the family to America. 
Their efforts approach the heroic at 
times. And as for the women, a 
teacher who has taught for many 
years in that school on Mulberry 
street, which shelters twenty-nine 
different nationalities, and in others 
like it before it was built, told me 
that of all the nationalities which had 
passed through her schoolrooms, she 
considered that the smallest portion 
of Italian girls " went wrong." It 
is because of their care for their 
daughters that the Italians, in their 
poverty, will not permit them to go 
into domestic service, or any other 

employment that takes them away 
from the parental roof. They must 
sleep at home nights. A poverty 
stricken little Italian woman, who 
lived with her family of six in two 
rooms on Mulberry street, was pay- 
ing to have her daughter, born in 
this country, taught to read and 
write Italian. She paid extra to 
have the teacher, a man, come to 
the house. When I asked her why 
the girl did not go to the instructor 
for the lessons, she looked at me 
rather reprovingly and said simply 
that she preferred to have her 
daughter under her own eye. 

I am not a fanatical optimist on the 
immigration question. I believe we 



have a right to exclude every 
pauper, every one diseased or de- 
formed or in any way likely to be- 
come a public charge or to pursue a 
criminal life. I believe we have a 
right to exclude any race or to check 
its immigration, if we feel that it 
must necessarily lower the Ameri- 
can standard of living. But when 
they have fulfilled all our own de- 
mands and passed our portals by our 
own consent, let us not despise them 
because, with the same motive 
which settled our western states, 
they have come to a far country to 
get a better chance in life. I have 
taken the Italians for my text be- 
canse they are the newest comers, 
least known and understood. But 
it serves for other races. I spent a 
vacation once in a little village on an 
island of the Atlantic coast. There 
was a little fishing village near, made 
up of Scandinavians. They had 
great motor boats, in which they 
shot the surf. They were a hard 
working, frugal, orderly set of peo- 
ple, in very comfortable circum- 
stances, and their craft was a pictur- 
esque and manly one, which no 
weakling could follow. Yet the 
American inhabitants, the " com- 
mon or garden " variety of Ameri- 
cans, most ordinary people, spoke of 
"them Swedes" with all the con- 
tempt of a racial aristocracy. Does 
it confer a badge of blue blood sim- 
ply to be born in America? Is all 
our prosperity due to ourselves? 
Or has some of it arisen from our 
happy inheritance of a great, rich 
and new country? 

And when one contemplates mis- 
sionary effort, did ever such a field 
come and spread itself before the 
very door of the home missionary 
as in this flood of immigration? Did 
ever patriotism and religion so com- 
bine in the call to a work which 
converts to good citizenship as well 
as Christianity? Those of us who 
feel that Protestantism, planted in 
a Latin race, produced in the Hug- 

uenots one of the finest strains civ- 
ilization has ever known, may find 
a rich harvest ready to their hands. 
Already the educated young men of 
Italy are following the way of the 
French, forsaking their old church 
and passing straight over Pro- 
testantism into free thought. The 
more intelligent Italians who come 
here are already dashed with a cer- 
tain antipathy to the church as 
they have known it, through the 
antagonism between it and the gov- 
ernment. One, intensely loyal, said 
to me bitterly once that the Papacy 
would never have been able to main- 
tain its stand against the govern- 
ment were it not for the constant 
golden streams flowing from Amer- 
ica into the treasury of the Vatican; 
that the. wealth of the Vatican came 
from America, not Italy. One edu- 
cated young man who had travelled 
much said to me: "I was raised in 
Catholicism. I became a free thinker 
in my college days. I have known 
many Mahometans in Tunis and 
Algiers, and I know the Mahometan 
is more faithful to his religious ob- 
servances than the Christian, for 
he never curses and he always says 
his prayers at the appointed hours. 
But since coming to America I 
have found that the Protestant re- 
ligion is the best in the world, be- 
cause it does the most to educate 
and elevate the people. 

Even the most ignorant and sup- 
erstitious among the immigrants 
find their point of view changed; 
for they find the dominating race 
Protestant. That breaks the ground 
for missionary effort. 

America can exclude the immi- 
grant if she will. That is her right, 
although she might exclude some- 
thing which would enrich her nati- 
onal life in future generations. But 
having let the immigrant come, 
every instinct of self preservation 
as well as humanity, should lead 
America to educate, enlighten and 
Chistianize him. 


By Francis Curtis 

DURING the -last fiscal year 
1,027,421 immigrants were 
admitted to this country. 
This number, which may or may not 
be exceeded during the calendar 
year, makes a new high record and 
is, by many, viewed with alarm. 
The number excluded and deported 
also reached a new high record, be- 
ing 11,563. As our laws stand, then, 
those admitted were acceptable. 
Will the country be benefited by 
their admission? We do not have 
to ask if the immigrants themselves 
will be ; their very coming is itself 
the affirmative answer. This round 
million of new people means a million 
more consumers, a million more 
mouths to be fed, bodies to be 
clothed and sheltered. It also means 
at least 500,000 more producers to 
come into competition with our 
already vast army of workers. 

First, as consumers: Two years 
ago this million of people bought 
little, if anything, from the United 
States. Next year practically all 
their purchases will be from our pro- 
ducers, and will amount in value 
approximately to $ico,ooo,ooo. In 
five years their purchases will 
amount to fully $200,000,000, as 
their standard of living and their 
purchasing power will increase annu- 
ally. Here there is an increased 
market for our producers which is 
almost incalculable, there being an 
increase upon increase. Every de- 
cade the enhanced market made by 
immigrants at the present rate of 
immigration and the normal increase 
of population amounts to $10,000,- 
000,000, equal to the entire interna- 
tional trade of the world. It is infi- 
nitely more profitable to feed, clothe, 

and shelter a person here than 
abroad. Multiply, then, the sales 
to one person by a million, and com- 
prehend that this is an annual in- 
crease, and we shall see what a ben- 
efit it is to the producing classes. 

But a large proportion of this mill- 
ion — between sixty and seventy per 
cent. — must at once become pro- 
ducers themselves, or they could not 
be buyers. Is this a menace to those 
already here? Must these 600,000 
or 700,000 new laborers displace as 
many, or any, of those already at 
work? Certainly not at present 
when there is a so-called labor fam- 
ine in every part of the United 
States and in every line of industry. 
In the want columns of our newspa- 
pers the " Help Wanted " advertise- 
ments far outnumber the "Situa- 
tions Wanted," many of the latter 
being inserted by those already em- 
ployed, but desirous of bettering 
their work and wages. Among the 
present-day immigrants there are 
but few skilled laborers. The men 
must go to work on our railroads, 
our cellars, our streets, and in our 
mines, and the women must go into 
domestic service or the humblest 
employment in our mills. Our labor- 
ers, who have become more profi- 
cient and skilled, will seek and ob- 
tain higher forms of employment to 
give place to the newcomers, who, 
in turn, will soon give place to oth- 
ers. They become, not only con- 
sumers, but wealth producers. They 
help build our railways, our bridges; 
they excavate for new buildings; 
they mine our coal and ore; they de- 
velop our farms, and they clean our 
streets. They are not only needed, 
but they are absolutely indispensa- 



ble to our national progress and de- 

Since the foundation of our gov- 
ernment we have admitted nearly 
23,000,000 immigrants. The direct 
descendants of these and those liv- 
ing constitute fully one-half of our 
population. Without them we would 
have been a nation of but 40,000,- 
000 people instead of over 80,000,- 
000. We have absorbed and Ameri- 
canized them easily, and to-day we 
find them in the United States Sen- 
ate, the House of Representatives, 
as governors of states, in legislative 
halls, as mayors of cities, in alder- 
manic chambers, and in all avenues 
of financial, commercial, educa- 
tional, professional, and social life. 
They did not bring much with them, 
say, on an average, $10 a head — 
$230,000,000 in all — but the labor 
value of each is estimated at from 
$800 to $1,200. At the lowest esti- 
mate, then, this immigration has 
added a labor value exceeding 
$13,000,000,000 to our resources 
without calculating that of descend- 
ants, which would undoubtedly give 
us fully $25,000,000,000, or nearly 
one-fourth of our national wealth. 
For at least a decade to come, under 
present conditions, we can absorb a 
million immigrants a year without 
any trouble, and to the benefit of 
our country and the newcomers 
themselves. They should make us 
a people capable of doing all our own 
work, and capable of consuming 
most of our own products. In 1894, 
we consumed 232,000,000 bushels of 
wheat ; last year we consumed 2, 186,- 
000,000. In 1894, we consumed 
1,086,000,000 pounds of cotton; last 
year, 2,019,000,000 pounds. In 1894, 
we consumed 347,000,000 pounds of 
wool; last year, 462,000,000 pounds. 
In 1894, we consumed 951,000,000 
gallons of petroleum; last year, 
3,129,000,000 gallons. In 1894, we 
consumed 114,000,000 tons of bitu- 
minous coal; last year, 248,000,000 
tons. In 1894, we consumed 7,000,- 
000 tons of pig iron ; last year, 
18,000,000 tons. 

These few comparisons show the 
immense increase in consumption 
during the past decade, this increase 
being due, in part, to the great in- 
crease in immigration. It is cer- 
tainly better for our agriculturists 
if all of our cereals can be consumed 
at home. It is better for us if we 
have a home market for all our raw 
material. It is better to use our 
coal, our ore, our hides, our wool, 
and an increasing portion of our 
cotton, and practically all our bread- 
stuffs and provisions, at home in a 
good market than to pay freight and 
send them to a doubtful market. 
We may look with complacency, 
therefore, on the annual increase of 
a million consumers to be added to 
our own normal increase of popula- 
tion, provided these immigrants 
make good citizens and become 
Americanized. Undoubtedly some 
undesirable people are admitted, but, 
so far, they have been but compara- 
tively few. I spent a day recently 
at Ellis Island and at a Hoboken pier 
for the purpose of watching the land- 
ing of a ship-load of immigrants. It 
was an interesting and instructive 
sight. The group was an average 
one from Bremen. They were con- 
tented, happy, quiet, orderly people. 
The children, particularly, were well- 
behaved and good. Not a crying 
baby did I see. The eight and ten 
and twelve-year-olds were caring for 
the younger ones, and there was an 
independent air with every child that 
could walk that was truly remarka- 
ble and in strong contrast to some 
of our native children, who lean en- 
tirely on nurses and maids, crying 
and sniveling for innumerable wants. 
Most of the elders are eager and am- 
bitious to get to their journey's end 
and to work, to earn a dollar and 
more a day instead of the mark for 
which they have been working. 
They are easily governed and most 
of them will become law-abiding 

But while our laws and regulations 
have been, and are quite satisfac- 
tory; while the immigration to date 


has been of great benefit to the coun- 
try, we must be constantly on our 
guard. Especially is there need of 
some supervision over the destina- 
tion of the immigrants. While we 
have not law to compel them to go 
in any particular direction we might 
well have an advisory employment 
bureau to divert thousands from the 
congested centres to the West and 
South. Southern mill owners are 
to-day eager for immigrants. And 
yet, in 1904, only 656 immigrants 
went to Georgia, North and South 
Carolina, while 58,411 went to Mas- 
sachusetts. We can easily use a 
million immigrants a year, but we 

cannot use them all in one place. 
By far too many remain in New York 
city. At but a trifling expense a 
bureau could be maintained at each 
of our immigration ports, equipped 
with full information, and, in many 
cases, with free transportation to 
places ready for the new workers. 
With the successful operation of 
such bureaus we need have no fear, 
for at least a decade to come, that 
immigration, even under our pres- 
ent liberal laws and regulations, will 
exceed our capacity to absorb bene- 
ficially to both country and immi- 

Leslie's Weekly, November 2nd. 

What Shall We Do for the 

After sifting them on other shores, 
let us, then, welcome those whom 
we receive. Would not a handgrasp 
of welcome be quite as effective in 
promoting assimilation as the cus- 
tomary dose of contempt? Let the 
government cultivate their patriot- 
ism. Those who have come here 
since the war cannot be expected to 
have that blood-deep patriotism 
which is born on battle fields, or 
around the lonely hearth stones of 
soldiers' widows and orphans. Let 
the government place in the hands 
of each immigrant, upon landing, a 
pamphlet in his own language which 
shall bid him welcome and give him 
counsel and instruction. Let some 
officer of the government print, from 
time to time in the more than one 
thousand newspapers in the United 
States printed in foreign languages, 
short articles concerning decisive 
epochs and the heroes of our history. 
It would cost but little and be money 

well spent. Multiply by many fold 
our Christian work among immi- 
grants. The gospel is the true, 
quick, and sure solvent. They are 
accessible if we use the key which 
quickest unlocks their hearts — their 
own tongue. Where they are massed 
they can be reached in no other way. 
Let us win them with love and sym- 
pathy. The anarchist neighbor- 
hoods should be planted thick with 
Christian Sunday schools and cot- 
tage meetings, and sweetened by the 
constant presence of Christian men 
and women. What a matchless op- 
portunity God's providences have 
opened to the people of the United 
States to do foreign missionary work 
at our own doors, at little cost, and 
under every advantage. God "hath 
made of one blood all nations of 
men;" but in the United States He 
is finishing the work and making all 
nations of men into one blood. 



The Immigrant Once More 

THE DEMAND for immigration 
literature is incessant and in- 
creases. For this reason, and be- 
cause the foreign flood also continues, 
and even threatens, under existing 
conditions in Europe, to increase, 
we feel justified in devoting large 
space in the present number of the 
Home Missionary to this absorbing 

Whatever fears the American peo- 
ple may justly feel, foreign immigra- 
tion has its hopeful side; and to the 
brighter aspects of the problem the 
attention of the reader is now called. 
Miss Reynolds may be an optimist 
and Mr. Curtis may be another. But 
it cannot be denied that each has 
given sound reasons for the faith that 
is in them. And while our ports are 
congested by the arrival of about 
3,000 aliens, every day in the year, 
it becomes us to mingle, with our 
fears, whatever hope or promise of 
good are to be found in the situation. 

It is the missionary aspect of this 
problem, however, which appeals 
more directly to the Home Mission- 
ary Society and its friends. The 
hopeful views put forward in the two 
leading articles can only stimulate 
and wonderfully justify all forms of 
missionary effort for the foreigner. 
Yet, the churches are slow to size 
up either the need or the great hope- 
fulness of the situation. It is not to 
the credit of Congiegational Mis- 
sionary enterprise that thus far we 
have never stationed a single mis- 
sionary at the chief port of entry to 
stretch out the hand of Christian 
sympathy to these incoming mil- 
lions. " First help " to the stranger 
and the friendless is like first help to 
the injured. It may save from heart- 
break and despair and change the 
whole career of thousands. 

Miss Reynolds has emphasized one 
fact which strongly enforces this de- 
mand for missionary activity — the 
fact of a marked reaction among im- 
migrants against the church of their 
fathers and their native land. This 
has always been a feature of foreign 
immigration. During the "great 
migration," (1840-1870) it was esti- 
mated by a Catholic authority that 
at least, 20,000,000, mostly young, 
were lost to that church by its un- 
preparedness to receive and shep- 
herd them. How many are being 
lost to-day by unpreparedness, not 
from one church but from all 
churches, it would be difficult to es- 
timate. The number must be im- 
mense. The sudden relaxation of 
old country restraints, combined 
with the air of freedom which he be- 
gins to breath, almost on landing, 
make it easy for the new comer to 
fall away from his old religious hab- 
its and to excuse himself from all 
church obligations whatever. 

There is the danger point — when 
he lands. There is the parting of the 
ways. A kind word spoken then, a 
Christian welcome extended then, a 
printed token in his own tongue with 
good advice and helpful direction 
placed in his hand, a line of intro- 
duction to the pastor and church 
nearest to his new home, to be fol- 
lowed with a personal letter from the 
missionary to the pastor warning him 
of the coming of those who need his 
help — all these may seem like trivial 
agencies, but they belong to the 
" watch and care " service; they are 
"first help " to the stranger when 
he needs it most, and their conse- 
quences may be immeasurable. 

That our foreign immigrant is open 
to the gospel appeal, that he is con- 
vertible, that he often puts to shame 
our own professions by his purer 
faith, ceased long ago to be ques 



tions. The testimony of thousands 
of foreign speaking missionaries and 
foreign American churches has swept 
away all doubt on the subject. No 
quicker soil for missionary culture can 
be found to-day than foreign immi- 
gration supplies. 

What steps forward our Home Mis- 
sionary Society may take under new 
methods of administration no one is 
wise enough to predict. But lovers 
of their country and believers in 
Christian civilization as its supreme 
hope, might well insist that the time 
has come for a society, representing 
the missionary sentiment of our Con- 
gregational churches, to launch out 
in more adventurous effort than it 
has ever before contemplated for the 
stranger within our gates; an effort 
that shall begin at Ellis Island and 
shall not end until it has put every 
incoming stranger, whether east- 
ward, westward or southward bound, 
into touch with some Christian pas- 
tor and church. With the conviction 
that this work is essential, that it sup- 
plies a now fatally missing link, that it 
is common sense and good business, 
we have faith to believe that the neces- 
sary funds for its support would not 
be wanting. 

Cut Down or Cut Off? 

Which shall it be, in the Society's 
plan of work for the year that begins 
with April 1, 1906? The scheme of 
work and expenditure for the eighty- 
first year of the Society is before the 
Executive Committee at this time. 
Any radical reductions that may be 
compelled by the financial present 
and outlook should be so far made 
known to the churches on the mis- 

sionary field, to the superintendents 
and state Home Missionary Commit- 
tees, that the local plan of work in 
any state may be adjusted to the 
change. In each of the two past 
years there has been a " cut down " 
so severe as to be almost disas- 
trous. The limit of this method of 
meeting the conditions has been 
practically reached. Shall our next 
step be ' ' cutting off " fields of work, 
withdrawing from sections where no 
further "cutting down" is possible 
and where the only method of apply- 
ing a reduction of expenditure is re- 
tirement from the field? 

This question confronts us. Shall 
it be "cutting off" — or are the 
churches to rally to the support of a 
work in the continuance and enlarge- 
ment of which the very life of the 
denomination centers? 

A Confession 

Readers of the Young People's De- 
partment in the November Home 
Missionary, conducted by Secretary 
D. O. Shelton, took pleasure no 
doubt in certain appreciative words, 
touching the associate secretary, by 
Mr. Allen, Mr. Orner, and Dr. 
Ryder, — words which Mr. Shelton 
would have severely blue penciled, if 
it had been within his power to do 
so But, happily he was in Texas, 
and in his absence and without his 
knowledge or consent, the editor of 
the magazine took the entire respon- 
sibility of admitting them. If, in 
this matter, he has done anything 
that he ought to be sorry for, he is 
rather glad of it; especially as the 
modesty and good taste of Secretary 
Shelton are well known and need 
no defense. 


The Forsaken Flower 

WHEN Linnaeus was under- 
gardenerthe head gardener 
had a flower he could not 
raise. He gave it to Linnaeus, who 
took it to the back of a pine, placed 
broken ice around it, and gave it a 
northern exposure. In a few days 
the King with delight asked for the 
name of the beautiful gem. It was 
the "Forsaken Flower." 

So there are millions of our fel- 
low men in Europe to-day in a harsh 
environment, sickly, poor, and ready 
to die; but when they are trans- 
planted they find a new home, 
clothes, food, and, above all, the 
freedom that makes our land the very 
paradise for the poor of all lands. 
These immigrants have made the 
brown prairie to blossom like the rose, 
— the wilderness to become like the 
garden of the Lord. They drove the 
Louisiana lottery out of North Da- 
kota; they voted for temperance in 
South Dakota. Their hearts beat 
warm for their native land, but they 
are true to their adopted country. 

This mixture of the nationalities is 
the very thing that makes us for- 
most. It has produced a new type; 
and if we but do our duty we shall 
be the arbitrator of the nations. 
There is no way to lift up Europe so 
fast as to evangelize her sons who 
come to us. Sixteen per cent go 
home to live, and these can never 
forget what they saw here. Did we 
but teach them right, they would be 
an army of foreign missionaries, fifty 
thousand strong, preachers of the 
gospel to the people in the tongue 
in which they were born, and thus 
creating a pepetual Pentecost. 

— 2^ (/^c^c^^^<' 

Foreign Missions at Home 

Prayers that "doors may be 
opened " are an anachronism. Pen- 
tecost did not witness as many lan- 
guages nor as diverse needs, as, to- 
day, thrust themselves forward and 
demand attention. Foreign Missions 
find its most urgent necessity where- 
ever we may open our eyes. Only 
the blind can fail to see them. Con- 
verts in America go back to do mis- 
sionary work across the seas. Pro- 
testant institutions in Southern New 
England can only have a future as 
they draw within themselves the 
peoples of every language and 
tongue, who already are more than 
sixty per cent of the whole. Mass- 
achusetts is the most foreign state 
in the Union with Rhode Island and 
Connecticut close behind. At least 
five cities in this section have a lar- 
ger foreign percentage than New 
York, Chicago or San Francisco. 
More than thirty different languages 
are represented in the church mem- 
bership. The Latin, the Slav, and 
the Hun are proving the power of 
God unto salvation, as truly as the 
Pilgrim and the Puritan, or the Teu- 
ton and the Scandinavian. 

Hartford, Conn. 

The Foreigner 

A study of the foreigner as one of 
the phases of the great missionary 
problem of the church, is altogether 



distinct from the question of free, or 
restricted, or prohibited immigra- 
tion. If the movement of foreign 
life to our shores should be absolute- 
ly stopped to-morrow, the duty of 
the church toward the great volume 
already here would in no degree be 
lessened. If immigration goes on, 
the task of the church is hourly en- 
larging and is becoming increasingly 
urgent, and calling Christian patriot- 
ism to its most earnest efforts. 

Professor Von Hoist, discussing 
the problems of the American repub- 
lic, says: 'Wonderful, I am tempted 
to say, miraculous, as the assimilat- 
ing power of the American people 
has thus far proved itself to be, it 
has of late become highly questiona- 
ble whether it will not be worsted 
by what it is asked to do now, for it 
well nigh touches the bounds of the 
impossible. Not the bulk, but the 
character, of the immigration is be- 
ginning to open an appalling vista 
into the future." 

This problem of the republic is 
emphatically a problem of the 
church ; for there is no fusing or as- 
similating force in life more potent 
than the gospel ; there is no symbol 
of the unity, as there is none of the 
redemption, of the races more com- 
prehensive than the cross whereon 
He was lifted up, who would thus 
draw all men to Himself. In Jesus 
Christ all conflicting differences dis- 
appear, and that unity which is har- 
mony in diversity comes forth. 

To this the gospel is equal; it is 
ours to apply it. 

Nlw York 

The Rightful Claims of the 
Weak on the Strong 

Here in Christian America are 
great armies of the illiterate; vast, 
submerged, unevangelized multi- 
tudes in great cities; throngs of for- 

eigners without competent, sympa- 
thetic, Christian leadership. 

What should be the attitude of the 
individual Christian toward these 
various classes? Must it not be that 
indicated by Paul in these strong 
words: "We then that are strong 
ought to bear the infirmities of the 
weak, and not to please ourselves ?" 

Here in America, where general 
intelligence is so pronounced, where 
the Christian spirit animates so 
many, it is inexpressibly saddening 
to find multitudes living their lives 
in ignorance, in superstition, and in 
bondage to evil forces. It has been 
pointed out in these pages that Ital- 
ian children rush by Protestant 
meeting houses in New York city 
with their hands over their faces, 
lest they may breathe contaminated 
air. These children are told that 
when a Roman Catholic becomes a 
Protestant it is necessary for him to 
take a pistol and shoot pictures 
of the saints on the walls of his 
home, and to take a stilletto and 
carve up statues of the saints. 

Christian people who are well-to- 
do, who live largely in the seclusion 
and protection of their own homes, 
are unapt to recognize and compre- 
hend the awful need of Christian en- 
lightenment and Christian sympathy 
that exists among vast masses of our 
foreign population. 

These needy classes, among whom 
many are responsive to the great 
message of the gospel, have liv- 
ing claims on the interest and 
prayers and personal help of those 
whose privilege it has been to hear 
and respond to the claims of Christ. 

Many who have come to us from 
other nations are now fighting a los- 
ing battle. The true light has not 
penetrated their darkened lives. We 
can best help them by making acces- 
sible and vital to them the quicken- 
ing and uplifting and saving Gospel 
of Jesus Christ. 

New York. 



ID YOU read the admira- NOTES members of the Congregational 

[ ) ble suggestions of the 

Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen 
in the November Home Missionary, 
page 206? If not, please do not fin- 
ish this paragraph, but turn back to 
Mr. Allen's excellent paragraphs. 

The new department that Mr. 
Allen is to conduct is bound to be 
one of the freshest and most up-to- 
date home mission pages extant. 
You can immeasurably widen its 
usefulness by directing to it the 
attention of all mission workers in 
your church and young people's 

Mr. Allen writes living messages. 
His hints, carried out, will put new 
life and sparkle and buoyancy and 
efficiency and resultfulness into all 
your missionary activities. 

Let all who vainly imagine that 
home mission opportunities in Amer- 
ica are waning visit some of our 
great southern and western states. 
A knowledge of real conditions will 
enkindle interest and fervor. 

I was glad to go to Texas recently. 
It was a highly-valued privilege to 
meet the excellent men who are fore- 
most in zeal in the Congregational 
churches of that state. 

At the meeting of the State Asso- 
ciation, held at Palestine, a fine spirit 
prevailed. Pastors and laymen 
rightly urge a reasonable extension 
of the work. There are excellent 
openings for several new Congrega- 
tional churches in the state. 

In view of these or other fine 
chances for the extension of the 
Kingdom of Christ, one's heart is 
made to ache by the depleted state 
of the home missionary treasury. 

It is evident that the Home Mis- 
sion Committee of Texas are right 
n their earnest desire for additional 
aid that new and needful work may 
be promptly undertaken. Surely the 

churches will see to it that the 
present serious financial handicap is 
quickly removed! 

In the comprehensive report of 
the Texas Association meeting, 
which appeared in The Congregation- 
alist, was the following paragraph. 
It contains a valuable suggestion: 

There is need for a band of five believing 
Congregationalists to settle in Texas, to 
found and foster churches in the great cities 
and in certain selected towns. Our present 
lack is chiefly that of five consecrated, be- 
lieving men for pastors, men who are not 
looking first of all for good salaries, but for 
points where life may be "put out at in- 
terest " for God. There is also need that 
men of this type be adequately supported. 
It is a fine opportunity for wealthy Congre- 
gationalists. Mr. E. K. Warren, who has 
an investment of this kind in the north- 
west corner, or " panhandle " of the state, 
cared for by Rev. G. A. Chatfield, is prov- 
ing the wisdom of such work, and, we hope, 
blazing a trail for many others of means. 
This work has already resulted in the for- 
mation of a church, through the Sunday 
scho )l method, with several other such 
churches promising an early appearance. 
The twin needs of men and money, how- 
ever, will surely yield to the determined 
prayer of our people, who are awakening 
to the Dossibiliiies of Texas as a Congrega- 
tional field. 

In Colorado, also, there are calls 
for enlargement. In traveling from 
Cripple Creek to Denver, our efficient 
home mission superintendent, the 
Rev. Horace Sanderson, pointed out 
six towns having a combined popu- 
lation of about three thousand, in 
none of which is the gospel regularly 
preached, and in only two of which 
are there Sunday schools. These 
towns are so located that two Con- 
gregational pastors could preach the 
gospel at each of them regularly and 
with the prospect of ample fruitage. 
In the excellent report presented at 
the Colorado Association meeting, 



the need for a large extension of the 
work was shown to be imperative. 


We must enlarge our bounds; 
broaden and deepen our sympathies; 
increase 'our gifts, and give our- 

selves with greater abandon to the 
furtherance of our home mission 
work in all the states. It is a time 
for the enlargement of our interests 
and the intensifying of our faith and 
the quickening of our zeal. 

D. O. S. 


The Actual Arena 

By Rev. Charles A. Jones 

THE Actual Arena involves 
what young men are to-day 
doing for missions and mis- 
sionaries as men for versus of the 
Twentieth Century. The Actual 
Arena is no freak of the imagination. 
It is somewhere, something, some- 
body in mission fields or as live mis- 
sionaries or else supporters of mis- 
sionaries that by generating a 
thought or dictating a message or 
by doing some heroic deed is bring- 
ing the impossible to pass. " Doing 
what can't be done is the glory of 
the living." And valiant scions of 
a mighty stock are fulfilling this 
precept in oriental achievements 
under the American Board and in 
occidental frontier results under the 
Congregational Home Missionary 
Society, proving themselves thereby, 
not men of the century but men for 
the century. 

The man of the century is an every 
day product. He moves toward the 
point of least resistance; is like 
a chip upon the river, floating— not 
to victory, success, fame and influ- 
ence, but to defeat, failure, infamy 
and dishonor. He is graftily popu- 
lar with his unscrupulous constitu- 
ency, for he is into things for what 
he can get out of them; his compo- 
nent parts are: Graft, greed and 
grabbing. Men appear to admire him 

yet, all too soon, the fawning smile, 
changes into the curling lip of scorn. 
He yields precious principle that he 
may gain selfish ends. A sycophant 
and trimmer, he spends far more 
time in ferreting out other's ignoble 
schemes than in coining choice cur- 
rency of his own. "As he thinketh 
in his heart, so is he;" a subject that 
nobody admires, a character that 
nobody desires. 

In war times, when naval enthus- 
iasts wanted to build Admiral Far- 
ragut an iron-clad, he stoutly pro- 
tested: " Give me a good oak ship 
and put the iron in the men." Truly, 
only men of iron and steel do most 
valiantly the service of the hour and 
that, not as men of the century, but 
as men for the century. 

We are living, we are dwelling, 
In a grand and awful time; 

In an age on ages telling, 
To be living is sublime. 

The man for the century is the 
product of generations. No math- 
ematician can compute his intrinsic 
worth. His influence for righteous- 
ness is unlimited. He does not move 
toward the point of least resistance; 
he stems the tide. Nothing difficult 
daunts him. He really seems to 
court the difficult and dangerous. 
He is like the college athlete on the 
autumn gridiron who rates that 



touchdown the choicest that was 
hardest for him to gain and that left 
him winded, strained and bruised, 
but between the goalposts, prone on 
his face beneath a network of 
wriggling legs and arms and heads 
and feet and bodies, clutching the 
oval "pigskin" in his opponent's ter- 
ritory — winner. When football be- 
comes less difficult and dangerous, 
less college men will play it. When 
life's experiences at home and abroad 
are stripped of all hardships and 
made easy, the man for the century, 
like Alexander the Great, will weep 
for other worlds to conquer. When 
the frontier, which is on all sides of 
us, north, south, east and west, 
ceases to be hard and rough, cold 
and dreary, hot and barren, punc- 
tured with characters that pain, yet 
surprise, that gladden, yet disgust, 
with here and there a brilliant manli- 
ness that is all but Christian, and 
there and here a glaring rent of 
downright beastliness that is all but 
pagan — when a frontier ceases to be 
what the frontier in our own land 
alway has been and is to-day, the 
man for the century will at that 
moment cease to be a Daniel Boone, 
an Abraham Lincoln, a Marcus 
Whitman or an Asa Turner, and 
wanting among their fellows will be 
Robert E. Speer, Harry Wade 
Hicks, Don O. Shelton, Doremus 
Scudder and S. B. L. Penrose — all 
men for the century, even young 
men who are in the Actual Arena, 
doing much for missions and mis- 
sionaries. Verily, there are giants 
these days whose prowess, financial 
and practical and spiritual, is in 
daily use, stemming the ebb and flood 
tides of these splendid opportunities 
and glorious achievements at home 
and abroad! "Send me to the 
hardest field in your territory ;" writes 
one of these Christian giant athletes. 
The man for the century recog- 
nizes God's claim on him as superior 
to all other claims. Nor is this an 
easy task when devious cries arise 
from mart, forum, classroom and the 
professions. Very timely is the 

major chord sounded by Dr. Endi- 
cott Peabody, head master of the 
Groton School, Massachusetts, who 
testifies: " The work of missions is 
the grandest in the world and mis- 
sionaries are the heroes of the times." 
When the opportunity to make a 
very generous contribution to the 
support of missions and missionaries 
is offered, that is God's claim on the 
man who should seize it. When it 
is a question directed to one's indi- 
vidual soul to himself enter the 
Actual Arena as a missonary, that 
is God's claim on the man who 
should seize it. When it is an urgent 
request to assume certain financial 
responsibilities and directly or indi- 
rectly support a Gospel trumpeter 
on the fleeing frontiers of the nation 
and the world, that is God's claim on 
the man who should seize it. 

Words are but breath ; but when great deeds 
are done, 
A power abides, transferred from sire to 

The man for the century discerns 
duty and privilege and marshalls all 
his unflinching manhood to do it, 
whatever the cost. Moseslike, he 
communes with his God " face to 
face." Enochlike, he "walks with 
God." Davidlike, he is a man " after 
God's own heart." Paullike, he acts 
that he " might gain." You will sur- 
vey the field, home and abroad, in 
vain to find any man, bringing 
things to pass, who is actuated by 
any lesser motives. And what a 
splendid sight it is to behold not a 
few, but many young men in the 
very thick of the fight, already vet- 
erans on the firing line, who are " at 
it and always at it," serving and sac- 
rificing that the uplifting Christie 
message may be borne along in the 
van of modern civilization; who as 
men for the century have a common 

Oh ! let all the soul within you 
For the truth's sake go abroad ; 

Strike! let every nerve and sinew 
Tell on ages, tell for God ! 

Young men, Christian athletes in 
the actual arena, we salute you! 


By Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, A. M. 
Field Secretary of the Congregational Home Missionary Society 

THE subject of this sketch is 
one of the most remarkable 
men that I met in my travels, 
— one that might be called an all- 
round man, combining a touch of the 
mystic with a poetic temperament ; 
he was a good mechanic and had a 
knowledge of medicine. Like many 
another he had to battle his way 
through college. Working and learn- 
ing as he went, he came through 
victorious. On one of his early fields 
he found a colony of Englishmen in 
the deep forests. They were well 
nigh helpless, not knowing the first 
rudiments of pioneer's life. Dr. 
Curry showed them how to cut down 
a tree and then how to divide it into 
sections and finally how to build a 
log house. It is needless to say that 
such practical Christianity won its 

When I first met Dr. Curry he was 
living on Sugar Island, a fairy land 
in summer and a fury land in win- 
ter; — but as most of the people came 
from hardy stock, and many from 
the Hudson Bay territory, they did 
not seem to mind it much. But no 
one at that time could have worked 
successfully as a missionary without 
an unlimited stock of optimism. He 
had it. 

The people were miles from a doc- 
tor and here Dr. Curry proved in- 
valuable. The mail came as it hap- 
pened. Some one would come from 
"The Soo," and after a time some 
one would be told that a letter had 
been left for him at a farm house 
some miles away, and when the party 
to whom it was addressed was going 
that way he would read his letter. 
When I called on Dr. Curry he told 

me that he was coming to be a 
neighbor of mine, the neighborhood 
being seventy miles from me. It 
was on an October evening that my 
wife was in the act of drawing down 
the blinds when she exclaimed, 
" Why! Why! who is coming up the 
garden; a man and a woman and 
several children, and, oh! they have 
a cow with them." "Oh!" I said, 
"that must be Dr. Curry. He told 
me to look out for him, as he would 
take the last boat and perhaps have 
to break the ice in Mud Lake to get 
through." And it was. He was 
carrying his youngest boy on his 
back. His first greeting was " Well, 
Brother Puddefoot, I am in a peck 
of trouble." " What's the matter?" 
" Well, the boy is feeling poorly and 
the railway company won't take the 
cow." "Oh, that's all right, we will 
soon fix the boy up, and as for the 
cow, tie her to a stump. I will keep 
her a week; milk's ten cents a 
quart." "Oh, but we must have 
her on account of the baby." "Well, 
well, I will send her up tomorrow." 
The boy's trouble was soon over and 
Dr. Curry, feeling better after tea, 
laid his old valise behind the stove 
for a pillow and took a much needed 
rest. Their train left between ten 
and eleven that night. His parting 
words to me were: "Be sure and 
come up as soon as you can, for it's a 
dreadful wicked place. The men 
work all day on Sunday." "All 
right, I will come," and then the 
train moved slowly off, and as its 
vanishing red lights turned the curve 
I felt sad in spite of myself. Here 
was a family of seven, one a baby, 
going on this long journey, having 



to get out of the train in the middle 
of the night in a new town, among 
strangers. But they found a wel- 
come in a settler's house, and I sent 
the cow off in the morning. 

My visit to Dr. Curry was one of 
the most memorable in all my ex- 
perience. Winter was now on in 
dead earnest and a winter in the 
Upper Peninsula of Michigan is no 
joke. On leaving my train I inquired 
of a man the way to the parsonage. 
He proved to be the good man who 
had sheltered Dr. Curry. "It's over 
there," he said, pointing to an un- 
finished house. "Why," I said; 
"that house is not yet built." 
" Well, that's where he lives." So 
picking my way among the stumps I 
neared the house and heard hammer- 
ing at the rear end. Going quietly 
around, for I wanted to surprise Dr. 
Curry, I peered over the partition 
and said: "Howdy, Brother Curry." 
"Why! Brother Puddefoot! I am 
delighted to see you." "What are 
you doing?" "Why, lam building 
a kitchen over Mrs. Curry's cook- 
stove. You see we had to begin 
among the stumps. It was rather 
hard on rainy days and the stove be- 
gan to rust. Though t'was handy for 
chips, but you know how it is with 
women, my wife did not like to see 
her stove getting spoiled, so I am 
covering it in." " ( Why did you not 
make a larger room?" "Well, 
Brother Puddefoot, I'll tell you. I 
had no more money, and lumber is 
very high here. The wood around 
is mostly hard. Why, I had to piece 
the cow shed out with the organ box 
and bossy has to crane her head in 
and give it a twist to get in. But go 
into the house; Mrs. Curry will be 
delighted to see you." 

And indeed I had a royal welcome. 
But how shall I describe the house. 
Nothing but the studding was up; 
as yet there was no chimney; the 
stovepipe ran out through an open- 
ing in the window, with two tin pie 
plates to keep the sash from burn- 

After supper we laid out our plan 
of battle. I was to stay three Sun- 
days and preach every night but 
Saturday. After singing some 
hymns Dr. Curry said: "You will- 
be getting tired," and putting some 
forks in his mouth and taking some 
quilts from the home missionary 
barrel he had a partition made and 
said: "There is your bed-room." 
The night was very cold and stormy 
and I kept most of my clothes on. I 
remember making some ducks on the 
window with a tenpenny nail. The 
frosty ducks did not thaw out while I 
stayed. In the morning the children 
stood laughing at me as I stood 
breaking the icicles off my mustache 
and letting them drop on the 
stove. " 'Twas a pretty cold night," 
said Dr. Curry, " Yes," I said; "and 
I heard your little Warren coughing 
a great deal." " I am anxious to get 
the plaster on on his account." I 
went up stairs and saw the snow in 
places on the floor. I had just come 
from a home where luxury was the 
rule, and I remember the room given 
to me with its gilded pipes and steam 
heat, and the damask rose in my 
ewer. At such times thoughts fly 
like lightning and I went down the 
stairs three at a jump. "What 
time does the next train start for 
the south?" "In about an hour." 
" Well, I am going to take it." 
" Why, you can't get back to-night, 
Brother Puddefoot, and I thought 
you were going to speak for me?" 
" So I am, so I am, but I am only a 
hundred and fifty miles away," and 
off I went. 

It was late that night before I 
reached Manistee and I could not 
sleep, for now that my first ardor 
had abated, I began to think. I 
might have started on a fool's errand. 
I tried to think that perhaps Dr. 
Fairfield was sick, and then I 
thought he would say "I would like 
some other time, Brother Pudde- 
foot." "But my subject is adver- 
tised and I have a course of historic 
sermons for the evening services." So 


! 43 

I tossed about all night. I could 
hardly eat my breakfast. I soon 
made my way to Mr. Peters' house 
and the good man came to the door 
himself. "Where did you drop 
from?" he said. " North Pole," I re- 
plied, for I caught by the tone of 
his voice that I was welcome. 
"Well, this is providential. The 
Doctor is flat on his back, sick." I 
was so wrought up that I exclaimed, 
"Oh, thank God for that! No, no, 
I don't mean that, but that I can 
speak for him." " Yes, yes, but you 
look tired. Come and have some 
coffee." Then I made a breakfast. 
After the service the people were 
vexed because a collection was not 
taken up. How often that has hap- 
pened. But Mr. Peters, handing me 
a twenty dollar bill, said: " We will 
see to it that the house is finished by 
the New Year." Some one else gave 
me money and a man on the road 
driving reined up his horse and 
said: "Ain't you the man that 
spoke yesterday? I ain't no Christ- 
ian, but I believe in that kind of re- 
ligion " and handed me a dollar. 
"G'long," and off he went. Mr. 
Peters did better still. "Does 
Brother Curry have a daughter old 
enough to go to college?" "Yes." 
"Tell her I will send her and pay all 
expenses, clothes and traveling." 
"My," I said; "Curry will dance 
without music." " Have you one?" 
"Yes." "Then I will send her, 
too." " Do vou know of another 

young woman who would like to go?" 
"Oh, yes, half a dozen." " Well, one 
more will do this time." Back I 
went, this time crossing the Straits 
of Mackinaw behind Indian ponies. 
When I reached Dr. Curry's the 
snow was falling thick and fast. I 
did not stop to knock, but banged 
the door opened, and never shall I 
forget what I saw. Curry, with an 
aporn tied around his breast — one lit- 
tle girl stirring mortar in the wash 
boiler; another tacking laths, while 
the little boy was sifting sand. 
" Well, old fellow," I said, " you are 
a lucky man." "Yes," he said; "I 
got the lath and plastered before the 
west storm came; and what do you 
think? I cut the boy's hair this 
morning and I mixed it into the 
plaster, so I have some of the boy in 
the parsonage." There was great 
joy in the house when I told of my 

Dr. Curry is still alive. He has 
published a book, and what is more, 
did all the mechanical work, even to 
the electrotyping. Few men have 
passed a more eventful life, and yet 
there was a time when he well nigh 
gave up. Crossing an arm of the bay 
a storm came on so terrible that he 
had to crouch behind his buffalo robe 
and gave himself to prayer. But 
presently it seemed there was a 
change, his horse had struck the 
river's mouth, and an hour later he 
was preaching to a little group in a 
log schoolhouse. 

Tf obedience to the will of God be necessary to happiness, and 

knowledge of hls will be necessary to obedience, i know not 

how he that withholds this knowledge, or delays it, can be 

tinues ignorance, is guilty of all the crimes which ignorance pro- 
duces; as to him that should extincuish the tapers of a light- 
house, might justly be imputed the calamities of shipwrecks. 
Christianity is the highest perfection of humanity ; and as no man 
is good but as he wishes the good of others, no man can be good in 
the highest degree, who wishes not to others the largest meas- 

ii, p. 216, London: J. M. Dent. 


A Lesson in Personal Responsibility 
By Mrs. G. H. Rice 


NO, I won't do it. I am get- 
ting tired of constantly 
being bothered by this 
begging for benevolences, as they 
call them. This is the sixth time 
this year that I have been held up 
for a subscription for some of the 
church societies, and it is time it 

Mrs. Barton listened in pained 
silence as her husband spoke these 
words. She had learned him well 
enough during their married life to 
avoid urging the subject after this 
emphatic statement. They had re- 
turned from the morning meeting of 
the fashionable church with which 
they were identified, and David Bar- 
ton was not in the best of humor. 
The minister had presented a mas- 
terly appeal for the work of the 
Home Missionary Society, but the 
response of the audience had not 
shown such sympathy with the needs 
of the organization as the pastor had 
a right to expect from his wealthy 
membership. As David Barton 
passed from the church one of the 
missionary enthusiasts had presented 
him with a subscription slip asking 
him to use it in making a larger 
pledge. It was this bit of paper, 
presenting the needs of the society, 
that had stirred him to anger. 

Three years before this time the 
Bartons had removed to the city 
from the little town of Fairview out 
in the state. They had been work- 
ers in the little home missionary 
church in the place and knew very 
well how essential the annual appro- 
priation from the society was to their 
financial welfare. They had en- 
gaged in many anxious discussions 
as to ways and means when the 

church had been notified that the 
amount of missionary aid must be 
reduced. It was in such gatherings 
that David Barton had received the 
inspiration to larger giving until he 
was known as the largest supporter 
of the Fairview church and an ardent 
advocate of missions in all of its 
phases. But with all his ardent sup- 
port in those times his gifts were 
very small compared with what he 
was able to give to the work on this 
present Sabbath if he had been 
minded to do so. 

When they removed to the city 
they had brought their church let- 
ters with them and placed them at 
once in this church of their choice. 
Mrs. Barton had entered into the 
activities of the organization and 
had soon become one of its most val- 
ued workers. She had brought with 
her a vigor and ability born and cul- 
tured in the adversities of home mis- 
sionary surroundings, and had shown 
a larger value because of this train- 
ing. Her husband had plunged at 
once into the business activities that 
had drawn him to the city, and had 
speedily been swept into the current 
of commercialism which rushed and 
whirled all about him. He would 
not admit that he was any less of a 
Christian because of this fact. He 
attended the church services regu- 
larly and paid liberally on the pas- 
tor's salary. He did not see that his 
wife had gained while he had lost in 
spiritual life, and would not have 
been pleased if such had been inti- 
mated. Mrs. Barton recognized it, 
however, and the pained expression 
that passed over her countenance as 
she listened to his refusal to use the 
subscription slip was more the result 


2 45 

of this knowledge than of his words. 
She missed the old ardent expres- 
sions of devotion to the cause; she 
watched the sense of duty as it sup- 
planted the sense of privilege, and 
knew only too well that the first re- 
trograde steps are taken when the 
motive for missionary giving is any- 
thing less than love for lost souls. 
She was not much surprised when 
her husband spoke as he did and the 
subject was dropped without further 
reference to it. 

Sunday afternoon was a favorite 
time for relaxation and Mrs. Barton 
soon retired to a cozy nook in the 
library, while Mr. Barton stretched 
himself on a couch in his den. A 
delicious, half-asleep condition soon 
overtook him, in which he was ob- 
livious to his surroundings without 
his brain becoming any less active. 
As he lay there visions of present 
success passed before him in pleas- 
ing sequence. He had prospered 
beyond his largest hopes since enter- 
ing into the commercial life of the 
city, and several large deals now on 
hand would, if successful, place him 
well up in the list of local financiers. 
He thought with pardonable pride 
of the fact that this position had 
been gained without invoking ques- 
tionable methods. No one could 
accuse him of having turned a dis- 
honest penny. He had been a 
shrewd business man, quick to take 
advantage of the market, but he had 
dealt fairly with all mankind and his 
wealth was honestly his own. 

But as he dwelt on these things 
they seemed slowly to pass from his 
mind before the movement of 
another vision that was entering. 
As clearly as if he had seen it but 
yesterday the familiar interior of the 
little church at Fairview came within 
his vision, and — passing strange — 
he saw gathered about the platform 
the score or more of familiar faces 
with whom he had been associated 
three years before. How every one 
of those faces appealed to him! 
They had become somewhat dimmed 

in his memory during the rush of 
his metropolitan business life, but 
now, as each one of them sat before 
him in clear perspective, he realized 
as never before how dear they were 
to him. There was good old Deacon 
Richards, with his white hair a halo 
of glory about his benevolent face — 
that face that had borne the seal of 
patience and courage when others 
had gone down before the adversi- 
ties of the situations they were 
called to face; George Wright and 
Samuel Markham, the two trustees 
with whom he had so often sat in 
kindred meetings and grappled with 
the problems before which these men 
had stood like heroes; and gathered 
about them were those men and 
women, each of whom had a warm 
place in his heart when among them. 
There were not quite as many of 
them as of yore, and he noted with 
a pang the absence of some whom 
God had taken out of the ranks. As 
he dwelt on the vision, Deacon Rich- 
ards began to address the meeting: 

" Brothers and sisters, we have to 
face the problem of our home mis- 
sionary appropriation to-day, and if 
I did not know that God is able to 
supply all of our needs, I, for one, 
would not dare to face it. Our 
appropriation had been cut fifty dol- 
lars and I have written the superin- 
tendent only to get an assurance that 
it is the very best the society can do 
for us. Has any one anything to 
offer by way of suggestion? " 

Trustee Markham rose. "I fear 
greatly, brethren, that we have 
reached the end for us as a church. 
We cannot ask our pastor to remain 
upon such a reduced salary as this 
will mean. I know that he has 
needed every dollar we have paid 
him during the past year to make 
ends meet, and our present crop fail- 
ure will not make it any easier dur- 
ing the coming months. I am ready 
to sacrifice to keep the church open, 
but I cannot see how it can be 

Others rose when he had finished 



and spoke in the same strain. Each 
one seemed to voice a condition of 
anxious hopelessness which David 
Barton seemed to feel with them as 

the vision grew. And then What 

is this that George Wright is saying? 

" If we only had David Barton 
back again! How much he would 
mean to us right now." 

"Yes, that is so. We have never 
needed his counsel and aid as much 
as now." There was a deep tone of 
sadness in the good deacon's voice 
as he spoke the words. 

" But must we give up? Is there 
not some way to go on? Think of 
our boys and girls. For their sake 
this church ought never to be closed. 
They are at a place where they need 
it as they never will again." Bar- 
ton saw the tears come up into the 
eyes of the little church clerk as she 
spoke the words. 

' ' The Lord's arm is not shortened 
that He cannot save," replied the 
deacon, courageously. " Hadn't we 
better just gather down here before 
Him and tell Him all about it?" 

One after another they dropped on 
to their knees, and, in his luxurious 
home in the city, David Barton lis- 
tened to the words of the old dea- 
con's prayer. 

"Blessed Father," he prayed, 
"We've come to bring our trouble 
to you to-day. We've felt your sus- 
taining arm about us as a church so 
many times that we've learned to 
look and long for it, and, our Father, 
we don't believe you are going to 
disappoint us to-day. And yet, 
Father, as much as we love this 
church, we do not want your aid 
unless you can use us. If there is 
anyway in which you can get honor 
and glory out of our service just give 
us another chance to serve. But if 
you want to set us aside we would 
only say, ' Thy will be done.' But, 
Father, unless we may know this, we 
cannot give up. Hold up our hands, 
dear Lord, and, if it is consistent to 
ask it, raise up for us another David 

In his city home the former com- 
panion of these men and women 
heard sobs from different hearts as 
the people responded, "Amen," and 
then the quiet voice of the deacon 
broke the silence that brooded over 
the kneeling forms. 

"Brethren, let us go home and 
leave it all with the Father. We can 
do nothing, but He is mighty to 
help us." 

They arose and quietly left the 
building, and David Barton suddenly 
found himself very much awake. 
Could it be possible that there was a 
message from God for him in the 
dream? Could it be that this mother 
church of his was in such financial 
straits and he but recently in anger 
over a solicited subscription for home 
missions ? The love for this church 
and people, which had been asleep 
in his heart, now swelled up again 
into full vital expression, and the 
home missionary responsibility at 
once became personal with him. It 
was his church — the church that had 
nurtured and loved him; the church 
in which he had pledged his vows to 
the woman of his choice; the church 
out of which he had followed the 
body of their first little one to its 
last resting-place; the church which 
he now realized was holding some of 
the most tender and sacred memo- 
ries of his life; this church was fac- 
ing a hopeless future. Would he 
see it closed? Never! 

He sprang to his feet and reached 
for his hat. Very probably he would 
find his pastor in the study at the 
church, and he turned to him. He 
was greeted cordially at the study 

" Tell me," — he came to the point 
at once — "do you know anything, 
about the condition of the church at 
Fairview? You remember that we 
came from there to this church, and 
I have been given reason to-day to 
believe that it is not all well with 

A shade of sadness passed over the 
pastor's face. " I am one of the state 



home missionary committee, and we 
have promised Fairview all we can 
possibly allow. There are fifty small 
churches in the state suffering- in 
their work for need of funds and we 
have to make the best appropria- 
tions among them that our funds 
will allow. It is altogether probable 
that the Fairview church will be 
closed unless aid comes from some 
source that we do not know of. 
Many others of this number may also 
be forced to do so unless our larger 
churches come to the rescue." 

The blood slowly mounted into 
David Barton's face. The deep sense 
of shame that overwhelmed him sank 
down into his soul. Then and there 
he laid that soul bare before his pas- 
tor and told him of his growing lack 
of interest in missions, induced by 
the commercial spirit that had taken 
possession of him. He told him of 
the anger of the morning, of his fail- 
ure in Christian spirit, and he hum- 
bled himself before his God in peni- 
tence. As he left the study the pas- 
tor spoke a parting word: 

" Remember that God needs just 

what you can give for the sake of 
these churches." 

"I will remember," he answered, 
as he turned homeward. 

When he re-entered his den he did 
two things. First, he wrote a hearty 
letter of sympathy and love to his 
old fellow-iaborers in the church at 
Fairview, and enclosed a check for 
the amount they needed to carry on 
the work. Then he found the sub- 
scription slip that had caused his 
anger of the morning and pinned to 
it a check for the amount that he 
really believed God would have him 
give for home missions. This he 
gave to his wife, telling her the story 
of his dream and the results. 

The city church from that time 
felt the power of David Barton's ser- 
vice in a way they had not known 
before, while the little church at 
Fairview repeats with larger faith, 
" God moves in a mysterious way 
His wonders to perform." Their 
David Barton had been raised to 
them in answer to the prayer of the 

Evangelism in West Florida 

We have before this called atten- 
tion to the evangelistic campaign of 
ministers in West Florida, under the 
leadership of Superintendent Gale. 
We hope to have a full account at an 
early date. Meanwhile, Rev. D. A. 
Simmons, of Westville, furnishes 
this interesting sketch of some of the 
features of the campaign. 

My heme church, Westville, was the Pen- 
tecostal gathering place for the various 
workers. Here they 'net on a Saturday 
in June and continued in a series of meet- 
ings for prayer and consecration during the 
week. They were thus preparing them- 
selves for the campaign. Organization was 
perfected; committees appointed. The 
power of the Spirit was felt, and the broth- 
ers went forth with hope and zeal. Then 

followed a co-operative work on the entire 
field. There has been a noticeable absence 
of emotionalism, in the sense in which that 
term is used in the South. Florida has felt 
the effect of the crisis through which Chris- 
tianity has been passing for the last few 
years, and it also feels the effect of the vic- 
tory West Florida, though somewhat re- 
moved from the pulsating arteries of the 
world's thought has felt the effect. But all 
is changed now. I cannot sum up and put 
into black and white any analysis of this 
spiritual fire which is kindling an ecumeni- 
cal revival of the faith of our Fathers, a 
faith shorn now somewhat, may be, of its 
superfluities, but intact in all parts that 
go to save men and women through the all- 
sufficient grace of God. Florida has suf- 
fered its share during the'erisis Our hearts 
have been sad because of coldness and indif- 
ference. But the people are now turning 
to God as never before, and our churches are 
crowded with those who are hungry and 
thirsty for the Gospel. 


The Sociological Census 

IT IS wise for every church to 
know the conditions of the field 
which it occupies. It is es- 
pecially well to do this if it means 
that the church, acting upon its 
knowledge, shall organize its forces 
to correct evils that exist, and to 
change conditions for the better. As a 
matter of enlightenment to our read- 
ers we select some items from a soci- 
ological census instituted by one 
of our western home missionary 

Number of families, 164; bachelors' quar- 
ters, 29; owning their own homes, 100; 
number of families in the same house for 
one year or less, 112; two years or more, 
42 ; five years or more, 9 ; ten years or 
more, 1 ; number of children, 278 ; two years 
and under, 48; in Sunday school, 100; be- 
tween three and sixteen not in Sunday 
school, 107; sixteen and more not in Sunday 
school 23; population, 804; American, 239; 
foreign, 67; (Germany, Canada, Sweden, 
England, Norway, Wales, Ireland, Aus- 
tralia); churches, 2; church preference of 
heads of family, Catholic, 31; Lutheran, 30; 
Methodist Episcopal. 18; Christian, 18; 
Episcopal, 16; Congregational, 15; Presby- 
terian, 14; Baptists, 12; United Brethren, 
2 ; Free Church, 2 ; Free Methodist, 1 ; Ger- 
man Methodist, 2 ; Unitarian, 1 ; saloons, 5 ; 
spirits consumed per month. -i]A barrels; 
beer consumed per month, 256 half barrels. 
Here is opportunity for more than one kind 
of Christian endeavor. 

Testimony From a Washington 

We are in receipt of much evi- 
dence that the recent gathering of 
the American Board on the Pacific 
coast has been not only a joy but 
also a spiritual benefit to our home 
missionary workers and their 
churches. Among others says Rev. 
Richard Bushnell, of Seattle: 

We, Congregationalists of Washington, 
have been very fortunate during the past 
month in having the annual meeting of the 
American Board and the presence of their 

devoted missionaries. It was a very great 
treat for us to see so many well known men 
of our denomination. It was good to be 
there, and listen to the kind, brotherly, lov- 
ing addresses. Even the subject of " tainted 
money " was so fairly discussed that there 
was no taint in the language used. Each 
speaker was kind and considerate for every 
other; only in such a company of Christian 
gentlemen could have been heard such gen- 
tle words on issue so exciting. After the 
board meeting for ten days, we had the 
great privilege of listening to Dr. Dawson, 
whom God preserve ! 

Joy in His Work 

Rev. John Peterson, of Michigan 
City, Indiana, reports twenty con- 
versions during the hot days of last 
summer, and rejoices not unreason- 
ably in this summer harvest. He 

The toils and labors of the quarter are 
over, but the joyful memories remain. 
Never since I became a minister have I felt 
so happy in the work of the Master as I 
have this summer. God has wonderfully 
blessed us during these heated weeks, 
while other churches have been closed. 
The fire of the Holy Spirit has burned, 
The church has been revived. Sinners have 
been converted, and back-sliders have 
turned to God. At times we have had 
meetings every night, whiie the people sat 
in church listening to the gospel with tears 
in their eyes and prayers on their lips. This 
field has been hard but the work has paid. 

Not a Cup of Cold Water But 
Just as Good 

From Rev. J. C. Noyce, of Brew- 
ster, Nebraska, we have the follow- 
ing incident apropos of the fron- 

" Uncle Neddie" is a character. He is a 
Roman Catholic, eighty-four years of age, 
a widower, hails from the Emerald Isle, and 
lives by himself in a little sod shanty ten 
miles from town. I met him the other day 
for the first time. It was one of his rare 
visits to town and made in a scorching sun. 
He had known my predecessor, and had 
even followed his advice in leaving off his 
all too-frequent drams. An invitation to 



come to the parsonage and rest up was re- 
fused with a promise to come "some 
time." A little later as his bent form was 
seen making its way to the courthouse, a 
happy thought struck us. Hastily making 
some cool sweet lemonade, we hurried out, 
overtook our friend, and proferred him the 
refreshing beverage, which was thankfully 
received. We have heard since that the 
preacher had made a friend, and that 
Uncle Neddie never tires of telling 
about his drink of refreshing lemonade. 
How little it takes to make people happy ! 

" We have been here since January, and 
you are the second person who has called 
in six months," said the wife of a " Kin- 
daid " homsteader. And there are others 
worse off socially than this lady. It becomes 
a real treat to go into some of the isolated 
and neglected homes and bring a little good 

Over the Border 

Rev John Brereton, of Spring- 
field, Missouri, has listened to a cry 
for help from over the Arkansas bor- 
der, and reports a fruitful outcome. 
He says: 

The quarter has been an eventful one. An 
opening at Hutting, Arkansas, was promis- 
ing enough to justify me in securing a sup- 
ply for my home work here at Pilgrim 
church, namely, Rev. C. B. Enlow, an 
Oberlin and Chicago man, and crossing the 
border I spent three months at Hutting, or- 
ganized a church of about fifty members, 
erected a five thousand dollar edifice, con- 
taining auditorium, library, reading room, 
and Sunday school room. Also secured a 
parsonage of five rooms and a salary of one 
thousand dollars pledged, all clear. Though 
not much nearer to bringing my own field 
to self-support, I feel it has been of some 
value to plant another church, self-support- 
ing from the start. 

The Washington Boys and Girls 

We have some boy and girl read- 
ers that we know of. We would like 
more, and mean now and then to re- 
member their tastes in making up 
our monthly menu. Here is a lively 
picture of summer life as it comes to 
boys and girls of Washington state. 
Says Rev. H. B. Hendley, of Tacoma: 

The summer is over and gone; the au- 
tumn has begun. To-morrow we have our 
Rally Day in the Sunday school and shall 
welcome back again those who have been 
away in camp and on farm and hop field. 
Many of our people add to their yearly in- 
come by sending out mother and children. 

both small and large, into the teeming fields 
during the summer to pick the crops of 
small fruits, berries and hops, that are 
grown so extensively in the neighboring 
country. They go in all sorts of ways, but 
most of them have a large tent, which the 
families occupy at night, weary with the 
day's work and the hot sun, but happy and 
full of fun, comparing notes as to who has 
gathered the most during the day. With the 
baskets of fruits or hops they have also 
gathered that for whieh they receive no 
equivalent in money, but which will prove 
to be better than money in the long winter 
months to come, For all return with sun 
browned faces, with new health and 
strength from this gypsy sort of life, ready 
with fresh zest to take up the fall work at 
home or at school. But there is a serpent 
in every Eden. Where the families go to- 
gether in this way, it is a good thing, giv- 
ing the boys and girls a taste of country life 
and scenes that are good for them. But 
where the young people are allowed to go 
alone in the hop fields without father or 
mother to keep them straight, it is a source 
of harm and temptation ; for while some of 
the farmers are careful whom they have to 
work for them, many care for nothing but 
to get the best help, or to gather the most 
crop, and the young people meet with all 
kinds of characters, including Indians and 
the scum of our large cities. We take such 
care as we can that evil shall not follow. 

A Church Home for the Sick 

More than one church on the 
Pacific coast has its sympathy drawn 
upon heavily by the invalid popula- 
tion from the North. It is a peculiar 
opportunity for the ministration of 
Christian help and comfort. Says 
Rev. George Robertson, of Mentone, 

The need of more and more facilities for 
the care of tuberculosis patients is growing 
every year. I am sorry to say that many 
who come here have passed all hope of re- 
covery. They live with a measure of com- 
fort in the warm golden sunshine until they 
go onward over the divide. We need some 
generous man or woman, or men and 
women, to set apart a large sum of money 
to establish a home for the needy sick. Who 
will lead the way? I am convinced 
there is money in the possession of 
God's people ready to be devoted to 
that work if they only knew where it 
could be safely and wisely placed. A home 
for sick Congregationalists on this coast, 
well located as to climatic conditions, would 
help to set at rest the parent, or husband, 
or wife, who send their sick far away to the 
Pacific coast. 


Suggestions in Confidence 

1AM something of a missionary 
traveler, and many kind friends 

have I met on my journeyings. 
How many acts of courtesy and 
thoughtfulness I recall! I am won- 
dering if our good women workers 
will mind if I offer a few suggestions 
relating to the comfort of missionary 

Any woman who attempts such 
work expects discomforts and tries 
not to mind them ; so much more the 
reason for looking out for her. Is 
your station a strange one to her? 
Would it not be possible for some 
one to meet her? And don't neces- 
sarily look out for a woman wearing 
a bonnet and having white hair. 
The person you are after may have 
on a jaunty and becoming hat. 
Then has she come some distance? 
Just a cup of hot tea would be re- 
freshing. Be sure and let her know 
beforehand how long you want her 
to talk. Some talks have to be 
worked on the accordion principle — 
drawn out and shut in. She may, 
in her uncertainty, have prepared 
for half an hour, and to cut on the 
spur of the moment, to fifteen min- 
utes, disturbs her, though you may 
not notice it and prevents her from 
being at her best. She wants to be 
at her best for your sake and for 
her own and for the work's sake. 

Has she quite a distance to go to 
reach home? Does it mean post- 
poning her supper till a late hour or 
at best a cup of railroad station cof- 
fee? Would one more cup of tea be 
too much for you to serve her? I 
know our women are often anxious 
over the meeting. I am grateful 
that they are ; but don't fail to think 
of her who comes to give the meet- 
ing inspiration. I say this not in 
criticism, but by way of suggestion. 

In a Nutshell 

The above is the happy title of 
a beautiful red-covered envelope 
leaflet of eight pages, issued by 
the Woman's Home Missionary 
Union of the New Jersey Associa- 
tion. In a series of forty-three ques- 
tions, each of them followed by a 
brief carefully condensed answer, 
the entire work of the five Homeland 
Societies is outlined, and the help 
extended by the New Jersey State 
Union to each is clearly described. 
Just why it is that a series of ques- 
tions and answers are ten fold more 
likely to be read than the same space 
devoted to a statement of facts is 
one of the mysteries of the human 
mind; but, so it is, and the New 
Jersey ladies have taken admirable 
advantage of this fact in the prepar- 
ation of their leaflet. We would 
that every State Union might have 
this leaflet before them as a pattern 
for a similar publication. We are 
unauthorized to say so, but we have 
not a doubt that the New Jersey 
Union would cheerfully respond to 
any call from a sister union for a 
copy of this attractive document. 

New York State Union 

The Woman's Home Missionary 
Union of New York State has 
held its twenty-second annual 
meeting. Thirty-four new auxili- 
aries have been added during the 
year, making a total of three hun- 
dred and ninety-six in a state with 
three hundred and three Congrega- 
tional churches. The treasurer has 
received $13,538.36 a gain of $923.47 
over the previous year and of more 
than $2,600 during the past three 
years. During the twenty-two years 
since the organization of the union, 
$186,065.84 has passed through the 
hands of the treasurer for our 
National Homeland work. 


2 5 ! 

From the Connecticut State 

Hoping to meet what has seemed 
a lack of devotional spirit, the 
Connecticut Union has printed a 
number of prayers which can 
be used in women's meetings, 
being either committed to mem- 
ory or read. Such a plan can 
hardly be as satisfactory as the ex- 

tempore prayer, but in the absence 
of women willing to take such a part 
this may prove a not unacceptable 
substitute. The Union also propose 
issuing each month a Union Bulletin 
to contain interesting missionary 
items, matters they desire to bring 
to the attention of their auxiliaries, 
suggestions regarding articles in 
current publications bearing on 
home mission work — in short, any- 
thing interesting, pointed and brief. 




By Mrs. W. J. Van Patten, Burlington, Vermont 

THE VALUE of historical study in 
Home Missionary programs has 
been clearly demonstrated by the use 
which more than half the Auxiliaries of the 
Vermont State Union have made of " Leav- 
ening the Nation." Sixty of the one hun- 
dred and seventeen auxiliaries followed the 
study last year, using the outline given be- 
low, and thus far this year nine other aux- 
iliaries are taking up the same study. The 
papers called forth were very carefully 
written; a time limit for different subjects 
must vary, but no one occupied more than 
ten minutes; some of the topics were con- 
sidered in a five minute paper ; many ot 
them were given in eight minutes. In one 
auxiliary thirty-five different women took 
part in these programs during the eight 
months' study, and all expressed themselves 
as very much interested in their work. 
They certainly proved this by the interest 
they stimulated in others. One hundred 
and fifty-three copies of the book have thus 
far been sold to auxiliaries. (The Student's 
edition in paper at $.40 a copy is the one 
used). These have been purchased in lots of 
ten and twenty copies each and sent to the 
auxiliaries by the chairman of the State 
Program Committee. The auxiliaries using 
the book have always found individuals in 
their membership who would purchase the 
copies for the benefit of the auxiliary study, 
and thus avoid taking from the contribu- 
tion for the regular work. Reports of the 
increased interest in mission study which 
has been the result of this effort come 
from every auxiliary where the work in- 
cident to such a course has been thoroughly 

It is not possible in the limited space at 

command to give a complete bibliography 
of Home Missionary literature, but indi- 
viduals and societies making use of " Leav- 
ening the Nation " as a basis of Home Mis- 
sionary study, will find the following 
named books of special value for reference. 
" Applied Christianity," Washington Glad- 
den; "American Problems," Joseph A. 
Vance; "Better New York," W. H. Tol- 
man ; ' ' Black Rock, " Ralph Connor ; ' ' Bat- 
tle with the Slum," Jacob Riis; "Christian- 
ity in the United States," Daniel Dor- 
chester; " Call of the Home Land," A. L. 
Phillips; "Christianity and Social Prob- 
lems," Lyman Abbott; "Down in Water 
Street," S. H. Hadley ; " Expansion," Jos- 
iah Strong; " Heroes of the Cross in Amer- 
ica," D. O. Shelton; "Heredity and Christ- 
ian Problems," A. H. Bradford ; " Hand of 
God in American History," R. E. Thom- 
son; "Heroes in Homespun." W. E. Bar- 
ton; "Louisiana Purchase," Hitchcock; 
"Modern Cities," S. L. Loomis; "Minute 
Man on the Frontier," W. G. Puddefoot; 
" Mormon Delusion," M. W. Montgomery; 
" Next Great Awakening," Josiah Strong; 
" New Era," Josiah Strong ;" The Negro," 
T. N. Page; "Our Country," Josiah 
Strong; " Pioneer Days in Kansas," Rich- 
ard Cordley; "Social Law of Service," R. 
D. Healy ; " Social Salvation," Washington 
Gladden; "Twentieth Century City," Jo- 
siah Strong; "Under Our Flag," A. M. 
Guernsey; "Up From Slavery,'' B. T. 
Washington; "Marcus Whitman," W. A. 
Mowry; "Story of the Churches," Episco- 
palians, Baptists, Congregationalists, 
Methodists, Presbyterians. "Religious 
Life in America," E. H. Abbott; "Ameri- 
can Christianity," L. W. Bacon. 


Based Upon "Leavening the Nation" as Used by the 
Auxiliaries of the Vermont State Union 


The Preparation— New England in 1798—The Early West 

I The divine plan in the discovery and early history of America, as 
the author understands it. " LtheN" pages 11-12. 

II Attempts of Spain and France to colonize, and the permanent set- 
tlers of America. " LtheN " pages 12-19. Other references: "American 
Christianity," L. W. Bacon, pages 6-29; " Congregationalists in Amer- 
ica," A. E. Dunning, pages 87-101; Fiske's "Beginnings of New Eng- 
and," pages 55-103. 

III The Great Awakening and the Home Missionary Movement, 
" LtheN "pages 20-32; " Congregationalists in America," pages 238-264. 

IV The plan of Union (Presbyterian-Congregational) and its results, 
"LtheN " pages 36-41 ; " Congregationalists in America," pages 318-334. 

V The Early West and Home Missions, " LtheN " pages 33, 34. 41-46; 
Schouler's " History of the United States," Vol. I; pages 223-227. Mem- 
oirs of David Brainard," chapter V. 

The Northwest Territory and Home Missions 

I Ordinance of 1787, "LtheN" pages 47-48. Other references: 
Fiske's " Critical Period of American History;" pages 203-207, Schouler's 
" History of the United States," Vol I; pages 73-100. 

II The Northwest Territory Continued (with map exercise). Bound- 
ary, Size, Settlement; "LtheN" pages 49-54. "Congregationalists in 
America;" pages 419-423. 

III Organized Home Missions in Ohio and Indiana; " LtheN " pages 
55-65. " Origin and Work of Home Missionary Society," published by 
the C. H. M. S. "Making of Ohio River States," S. A. Drake; pages 155- 
248. "Congregationalists in Indiana," "Home Missionary " Magazine, 
January, 1903, 

IV Illinois and the Illinois Band; "LtheN" pages 65-72. Home 
Missionary Magazine, January, 1901. 

V Early History and Present Conditions of Home Missions in Mich- 
igan and Wisconsin. " LtheN " pages 73-86. "Michigan" in American 
Commonwealth Series. 

Louisiana Purchase 

I Beginning of Missions in this Region. " LtheN " pages 87-137. The 
Purchase; The Country it Gave Us. " LtheN "pages 87-90. ■' Review 
of Reviews," May, 1903— " How We Bought the Great West," Brooks, in 
" Scribner's " November 1903. "Century Magazine," April and June, 
1904. '"Home Missionary ' Magazine, April, 1904 

II Missouri; "LtheN" pages 90-104. Settlement; Beginnings of 
Missions at St. Louis; Extension of the Work; Obstacles. "Home Mis- 
sionary" Magazine, September, 1902. 


III Iowa; " LtheN " pages 94-103. Settlement; Early Preachers; 
Iowa Band; Constituency and Results; " Home Missionary," September, 

IV Kansas;" LtheN " pages 104-116. Struggle for Possession ; The 
Kansas Hand (Congregationalist for July 23, 1904); Type of Mm who Laid 
the Foundation of the States; " Home Missionary," June, [903! 

V Nebraska; "LtheN "pages 116-119. Settlement; Rapid Growth 
of Omaha; Reuben Gaylord. Other references: " Heroes of the Cros-- in 
America," by Don O. Shelton. 

VI The Dakotas. Joseph Ward; " LtheN " pages 128-137. " Heroes 
of the Cross of America;" The YaleD^kota Band. 

The Louisiana Purchase Concluded 

I Wyoming; "LtheN" pages 13S-142. Geography and History ; otory 
of Christian Work; Beginnings of Congregationalism in Cheyenne; Ex- 
tent and Success of Home Missions, 

II Idaho; " LtheN " pages 142-148. Location and History; Strug- 
gles for Statehood; Lawlessness and Mormcnism .Catholic Missions; Lum- 
ber Camps; The Coeur d' Alene Camp; "Home Missionary" Magazine, 
December, 1903. 

III Montana; " LtheN " pages 148-152, Wister's "The Virginian;" 
Mingled Elements of Settlers and Social Conditions; Missionary Success 
and Problems; " New England Magazine," February, 1900. 

IV Colorado. " LtheN " pages 153-164. Colorado College; Congre- 
gationalism in Denver and Colorado Springs; Joseph Pickett and other 

V Oklahoma; "LtheN" pages 165-172. Settlement; Development 
of Religious Interests. 



The Southern Belt 

I The South; "LtheN" pages 173-178. Condition of Settlements in 
Virginia, Maryland, The Carolinas and Georgia; Effects of Slavery ; Re- 
ligious Conditions; Denominational Divisions; Difficulty of the Work 
after the W r ar. Other references: Woodrow Wilson's "History of the 
American People," Vol V, Chapter I. 

II The American Missionary Association. " LtheN " pages 179-183. 
Its Organization, Policy, Leaders and W T ork. For further information 
write Miss D. E. Emerson, 4th avenue and 22nd street, New York. 

III Denominational Missions in the South; " LtheN " pages 184-192. 
Congregationalism in Georgia and Florida ; Central Church at Atlanta; 
Religious Possibilities of the New South. Other references: "Home 
Missionary," March, 1902, page 264; September 1902, page 203; December, 

904, page 259. 

IV The Pacific Northwest; " LtheN " pages 93-207, Marcus Whit- 
man and His Work. Other references: " One Hundred Years of Home 
Missions," by Newell Dwight Hillis; "George H. Atkinson, His Life and 
His Work;" " Oregon," by William Barrows. 

V Washington; " LtheN " pages 207-212, Its Growth and Birth of 
Yale Band ; Gushing Eells and Whitman College ; Present Conditions. See 
reports of American Board meeting at Seattle. 


The Mexican Cession" 

I California, " LtheN " pages 213-227. How California Came to be 
a Part of the United States; Discovery of Gold in 1849; The Effect on 
Population ; See Article in Hunt and Merchant Magazine, "California, 
Past, Present and Future; Ordination of Missionaries in New York for 
California (1848); Southern California. 

II Utah; "LtheN" pages 228-140; Origin of Mormonism— Its Tenets; 
A Public Menace. Other references: "Historyof American Christianity," 
by L. W. Bacon; "Utah," published by Congregational Education 
Society; " Home Missionary " for May, 1905. 

III Organization of New West Education Commission; Its Work; 
Merged in the Education Society. 

IV New Mexico; " LtheN " pages 240-246. See also "Congrega- 
tional Work, "October, 1905, page 4. 

Alaska — The Islands — Immigrants— New England To-Day 

I Alaska; Its Purchase; Its Value; Its Value to the United States 
Story of Pioneer Work; "LtheN" pages 249-252. Present Missions 
Cape Prince of Wales Mission, by the American Missionary Association 
" Home Missionary " for December, 1903. 

II Cuba: " LtheN " pages 252-257. The Cuban Welcome; Its Sig- 
nificance; Present Missions. Other references: Leaflets on Cuba pub- 
lished by the C. H. M. S. 

III Porto Rico; •' LtheN " pages 257-261. Dr. Beard's Report; Pres- 
ent Division of the Work between Congregationalists and Presbyterians. 
Other references: " American Missionary," February, 1904; May, 1905 and 
September 1905. 

IV Our Immigrants; "LtheN" pages 262-282. Other references: 
" Home Missionary," June, 1904; October, 1903 ; LeadingArticles; and con- 
stant increasing literature. 

V New England To-Day; "LtheN" pages 283-302. Other refer- 
ences: Dr. Emrich's Article in "Home Missionary," November, 1904 


Woman's Work — Fruits of Home Missions 

I The Beginning of Woman's Organized Work; " LtheN" pages 
303-305. Different Denominations Participating; pages 305-314; Ser- 
vices Rendered by Home Missionary Women; " LtheN " pages 314-315. 

II Organization of Woman's Home Missionary Unions; Organiza- 
tion of the Vermont State Union and something of its Gifts and its 

' III Fruits of Home Missions. Select your best reader and read near- 
ly the whole chapter; " LtheN " pages 330-352. It is an inspiring sum- 

' . Use the best Home Missionary hymns in each of the meetings. Select 
scripture appropriate, and this will have proved for you, as for the women 
of the Vermont Union, one of the most profitable series you have ever fol- 




( H-tober, iqos. 

Not in commission last year . 

Adams, Herbert G., Revillo and Albee, So. Dak. 

Benedict, Artnur J., Tombstone, Ariz. 

Cram, E. E., Renvil e, Haase and Max Haes, No. 

Davis, Daniel S., Sandy, Utah; Dawson, William T., 
Armour, So. Dak.; Detch, Albert G., Indianapolis, 
Ind.; Dickson, John W., Stillwater, Minn.; Duncan, 
Calvin W., Hoidrege, Neb. 

Essig, William P., Walla Walla, Wash. 

Gasque, Wallace Gilmore, Ga. 

Hadden, James F., Calhoun, Ga.; Hanna, John T., 
Bertha and Clarissa, Minn. 

Isaacs, William J., Spencer, Neb. 

Jones, John L., lone, Ore. 

Kaufman, J. W. I ., Pleasant Valley, Wash.; 
Kozielek, l'aul, Detroit, Mich.; Kraemer, Julius H., 
Comstock and Westcott, Neb. 

Lind, N. J., General Missionary in No. Dak.; 
Lindquist, August J., DuBois, Penn.; Long, Joseph B. 
Nogales. Ariz. 

McDougall, George T., Challis, Idaho; Mote, Henry 
W., Chokio, Minn. 

Preston, Charles W., Lincoln, Neb, 

Richardson, William T.. Pearl, Idaho; Riggs, George 
W., Condon, Ore.; Roberts, Owen W., Bryant, So. 
Dak.: Ruddock, Charles A., Lyle, Minn. 

Shull, Gilbert L, Crawford. Neb.; Shuman, Henry 
A., Arcadia, Neb.; Smythe, Charles M., Hubbard, 

Ore.; Starring, Cieorge H., DeSmet, So. Dak.; Stover, 
W. B., Alva, Okla.; Stutson, Henry H., Biwabik, 

Tillman, William H., Atlanta, Ga.; Todd, H. C, 
Granite Falls, Minn.; TreFethren, Eugene B., Ipswich, 
So. Dak. 

Weidman, Milo R., Longpine. Neb. 

Young, Arthur G., Colfax, No. Dak. 


Bates, George E., Birmingham, Ala. 

Cameron, Donald Wibaux, Mont., Sentinel, Butte, 
Beech Bantry and Upham, No. Dak.; Coffin, Joseph, 
Atlanta. < ia. 

Dick, Guy L., Tolt, Wash. 

Ford, Jesse, Baxley, Ga. 

Hadsell. Willard L., Hyannis,Neb.; Hart, Frank W., 
Revillo and Albee, So. Dak. 

Johnson, E. H.. Marion and Clark City, No. Dak. 

Kirker, J. K., Anamoose, No. Dak. 

Leavitt, Darrow E., Deering, Granville and Riga, 
No. Dak.; Ludlow, Thomas V., Lawnview Okla. 

Spangenberg, L. F.. Hensler Gains and Big Bend, 
No. Dak.; Spittell, Jabez, Estelhine, So. Dak.; Swit- 
zer, Miss A. E., Dayton, Wy. 

Welles S. B., Esmond, No. Dak.; Worrell, W. B., 
Anadarko and Verden, Okla. 

Zeilitz, Johannes, Elmiraand Amsdem, So. Dak. 


October, 1905. 

For account 0/ receipts by State Auxiliary Societits y 
seepage 257. 

MAINE— $128. 

Kennebunkport, 1st, 4.50; Portland, George Farrington 
Dow and others. 75.50; Saco, ist,40. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE-$i 7 2.62. 

Claremont, 3S.50; Manchester, 1st, 82.81; New Ipswich, 
Proceeds of Children's Fair, 3.07; Pittsfield, C. E., 7 
Plainfield, Mrs. S. R. Baker, 5; West Lebanon, 10.24. 

F. C. I. and H. M. Union of N. H., Miss A. A. McFar- 
land, Treas., Orford Aux., 3; A Friend, 3; Sanbornton, 
20. Total, 26. 

VERMONT— $143.07. 

Bennington, C. H Cone, 10: Benson, 3; Brattleboro, G. 
H. Clapp, 10; Burlington, M. R. Englesby 50; Hartford, 
A Friend, 10: Lyndon, Dr. L. W. Hubbard, 10; Mont- 
pelier, Miss E. B. Rublee. 2; St. Johnsbury, Mrs. O. W. 
Howard, 10: Strafford, Friends, 3; Vergennes, 10; West- 
ford, 6.25; Westminster West, 13.32; W. F. Buxton, 5; 
Woodstock, A Friend, 50c. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $2,737.91; of which legacies, $218.81. 
Mass. Home Miss. Soc., by Rev. I. Coit, Treas., by re. 
quest ot d nors, 194.60; Amesbury. Union. 11.75; Am- 
herst, A Friend, 25; Attleboro, 2nd, 158.52; Boston, Mrs. 
M. S. Bennett, 100; J. P. Bradley, 10; Lr. J. E. 
Goldthwait, 10; F. Wood, 250; Brookline, Mrs. E. F. 
Goodell, 100: Mrs. E. C. Newton 10; Dorchester, 2d, 
156.01; Dracut Centre, 8.60; Essex, Ladies Soc. andS. S., 
11.25; Fall River, Miss M. R. Hicks, 100; Falmouth, 28.' 
Hampden, 2; Haverhill, A Friend, 500; West S. S., 25; 
Miss A. Chaffin, 40: Holyoke, 1st. J. K. Judd, 100; 
Lakeville, Precinct S. S., 7; Leverett, C. E., 5; Lowell, 
Estate of L. R. Parker, 106.66; Millbury, 1st, C. E., 5; 
Newburyport, Belleville. 57.11; Northampton, r, Ch. 
Dorcas Soc, 50; Northbridge, C. E , 5; North Chems- 
ford, Rev. J. B. Cook, 3; Paxton, 1st, 6; Reading. SS. 

23.75; 'Royalston, 4.06; South Dearfield, in memory of 
Miss H. E. Tilton, 5; South Framingham, ]. P. Freese to 
const, himself an Hon. L. M., 100; Springfield, H. 
Spring, 10; E. J. Wilkinson, 50; Tewksbury, 12.28; 
Topsfield, 19.44; Waltham, S. S., 2.59; Whitman, 25.26; 
Worcester, Estate of lames White, 112. 15; Union, 20.' 
Woman's Home Miss. Soc. iof Mass. and Rhode 
Island!, Miss L. D. White, Treas., for Salary Fund, 
215: Natick, 20; Roxbury, Walnut Ave. Ch., 32.70. 
Total, 267.79. 

RHODE ISLAND— $770.81. 

Rhode Island H. M. Soc, J. William Rice, Treas. , 
Providence, Beneficent, Mr. and Mrs. J. William Rice, 
105; Beneficent Home Miss. Band, by W. H. M. 
Asssc. of Mass. and R. I , Miss L. D. White, Treas., 
100; E. Barrows, 25; Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Moulton, 
500; D. S. and E. C Parkhurst, 25; M. E. Torry, ic; 
Saylesville, Memorial, 5.81. 

CONNECTICUT— $1,070.58; of which legacy, $105.57. 

Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 101.65; Bridg- 
port, Park St. S. S., 20; South C. E., 7.95: Bristol, 1st. 
26.07; Darien, 1st, 50; Goshen, 49; Greenwich, In Memo- 
riam, 5; Groton, S. S., 4; Hampton, 1st. 9.55; Marlbor- 
ough, Estate of Charles Buell, 105.57; Meriden, 1st, A 
Friend, 10; Middlebury, 22 55; Middletown, 1st, 33.25; 
New Haven, Ch. of the Redeemer, Mrs. A. M. F'ost, 
75; T. H. Barnum, 5; New London, Mrs. M. S. Har- 
ris. 100; North Haven, S. S , 16.97; Mr. and Mrs. F. C. 
Bradley 10; Ridgefield, C. E., 10: Salisbury, 4849; 
W. B. H. M , 13; S. S. Cong. Class, 8.77; South- 
port, 137.30; South Norwalk, 1st, 50,33. Taftville. 15.76; 
Thompson, 21.79; Vernon Center, C. E.,5; Washington, 1st, 
45; West Hartford, M. O. Richards, 10; Windsor, 1st, 3.58- 
Mrs. F. V. Mills, 25; Miss A. M. Sill, 25. 

NEW YORK— $355.62. 

Bangor, Ch. Mrs. Truman Adams, 10; Buffalo, Mrs. 
C. A. Wall. 2; S. C. Whittemore, 50: Brooklyn, 
"S. E. H.," 5; Canandaigua, A Friend, 18: Clayton, 1st 


n; Clifton Springs, Mrs. C. D. Dill, 25: Elbridge, u; 
Flushing, 1st, 30.12; Middletown, H. Veltman 6; Mor- 
ristown, 15.83; Munnsville, 1st, 9.35; Newark Valley, ist, 
3.32; New York City, Mrs. C. L. Smith, 25: Rensselaer 
Falls, 27. 50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall. Treas., 
Brooklyn, Tompkins Ave. L. B. S., Mrs. T. R. Davis, 
15; Fairport, 20; Homer, Aux., 15; Ithaca, 25; S. S., 11.50; 
Olean, Mrs. E. Curtis, 5; Richmond Hill, Union Ch. 
Bible School, 15. Total, 106.50. 

NEW JERSEY, $471.55. 
East Orange, "K.," 100; Nutley, St. Pauls, 9. 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Asso., Mrs. G. A. L. 
Merrifield, Treas., 247.55; Jersey City, 1st, 15. Total, 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Sugar Grove, 1; Fountain 
Springs, Christ Ch., 6.35; Honesdale, Mrs. R. T Searle, 
1: Kane, M Craven, 5; Joshua Davis, 25; Lansford, 2nd 
Eng. Ch., 16; Minersville, 1st, 10; Olyphant, Welsh, 2, 
Philadelphia, Mrs. R. S. Weed, 25; Spring Creek, 10. 

Woman's Miss. Union, Mrs. D. Howells, Treas., Kane, 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Asso., Mrs. G. A. L. 
Merrifield, Treas., Philadelphia, Central, 10.13. 

Frederick, M. G. Beckwith, 25. 

Washington, is', C. K., 35; H. A. Southworth, 25. 

GEORGIA, $49. 60. 

Baxley, Friendship and Mt. Olivet, Surrency, New 
Home, 1.25; Cedartown, 1; Columbus, 1st, 5; Hasty, Mount 
Green, 2. 50; Hoschton. Macedonia, 2.50; Lifsey, 7.50; 
Mineral Bluff, 50c; Pearson, Union Hill, g.50; Naylor, 
Pleasant Home, 5; Seville, Williford, Asbury Chapel, 
1; Waycross, White Hall. 7.50; Wilsouville, Rocky Hill, 
ALABAMA, $19.57. 

Kinsey, 13.50; Section, 1.07; Talladega, A Friend, 5. 

LOUISIANA, $64.68. 

Clear Creek, Bundick and Indian Village, 12.50; 
Hammond, S. S., 1.72; Roseland, 17.50; Vinton, 5: Welsh, 
FLORIDA, $26.47. 

Avon Park, Rev. S, J. Townsend, 5; Bonifay, 1 47. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. A. Ljwis, Treas., 20. 
TEXAS, $35.96. 

Dallas, Central, 15.21; Grice, Pilgrim, .75; Paris, D. 
H. Scott 20. 
OKLAHOMA, $79.26. 

Bethel, 36c; Gage, 4.65; Grant Co., Pleasant View, 
26.75; Guthrie, West, 3.50; Independence, ist, 25; Jen- 
nings, 1st, 12.16; Okarche, 1.25; Perry, Lawnview, 1.80; 
Pond Creek, 2; Seward, 1.79. 

ARIZONA, $22. 

Jerome, ist, 12; Nogales, Trinity, 10. 
TENNESSEE, $31.60. 

Memphis, Strangers Ch., 31.60. 

OHIO, $291.50. 

Ohio Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. C. H. Small, Treas 
Medina, A. I. Root, for Cuban work. 25; Atwater, Miss 
A. Hutchinson, .50; M. and H. Stratton,2; Chatham, 
Mrs. C. A. Moody, 5; Cincinnati, W. I. Breed, 25; 
Cleveland, Pilgrim, 10; S. C. Smith, 50; Columbus, J. A. 
Jeffrey, 25; Conneaut, Miss L. M. Baker, 5; Elida, T. 
Whittington, 1; Geneva, Mrs. J. E. Cook. 1; Greenwich, 
E. M. Healy, 10; Mansfield, Mrs. L. L. Patterson. 10; 
Medina, A. I. Root, 25; Norwalk, Mrs. E. A. Penfield, 
2; Oberlin, ist S. S., 20; ist. "P. L. A.," 10: "P. A. C." 
5; Mrs. J F. Siddall, 10; H. B. Hall, 25; Toledo, C. E. 
Tracy, 25. 

INDIANA, $15. 

Indianapolis, Covenant, 10; Rev. A. G. Detch, 3; 
Washington, 2. 

ILLINOIS, $67.12. 

Bowen, 8 12; Chicago, Evanston Ave., 9; Highland, R. 
W. Patton, 50. 

MISSOURI, $81.12. 

Joplin, ist, 18; St. Joseph, 6.55; Swedes, 2.07; St. 
Louis, Memorial 25; Olive Branch, 15; German, 14.50. 
MICHIGAN, $ 77 . 

Bellaire, S. M. Youngs, 1; Detroit, A Friend, 25; 
b nends, by C. A. Kent, 25; Grand Rapids, M. A. Win- 
chester, 1; Webster, 25. 


Maple Valley and Pulcifer, Free Scand., 5; Milwaukee, 
Bethlehem, 5; Ogdensburg, Bethany Evan. Free 
Scand., 4.50; Wood Lake and Doctor's Lake, Swedes, 1.50. 
IOWA, $13.05. 

Avoca, Herman, 5; Des Moines, Pilgrim, 8.05. 
MINNESOTA, $294.25. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D : Freeborn, add'l, i- 
Minneapolis, Lowry Hill, add'l, 37.50; Plymouth, 
add 1., 14562; Plainview, 5; Spring Valley, 20. Total, 
209. 1 2 

Brainerd, Peoples, 2.05; Edgerton, 6.80; Fairmont, ist, 
28.70; Fertile, 8; Granada, Rev. O. D Crawford, 5; 
Kragness 5.63; Rev. T. H. Lewis, 2.20; Mcintosh, ist, 2 ; 
Minneapolis, Lyndale, 7; Springfield, 9.75; Waterville, 
5-5°; C. E., 2 50. 

NEBRASKA, $286.32. 

Received by Rev. H. Bross, A Friend, 5; Butte and 
Naper, German, 10; Comstock, 1; Creighton, 13.10; Eureka. 
35-41; Friend, ist, 85.56; Germantown, German, 10; Lin- 
coln, German C. E. Zions, 5; McCook, German, 8; 
Naponee, 26.75; Norfolk, ist, 50; 2nd, 5; Princeton, Ger- 
man, 10; Ravenna, 1.50; Sutton, German, 20. 

NORTH DAKOTA, $125.74. 

Received by Rev. G, J. Powell: W. H. M. Union, Coopers- 
town, Lad es Soc, 24; Dwight, Ladies Soc, 7; Fargo, 
ist. Ladies 1 Soc, 19.44; Jamestown, Ass'n Woman's 
Meeting, 4.50; Buxton, 1.10; Caledonia, 1.75; Cummings, 
1.50; Niagara, 4.10. Total, 63.39. 

Antelope, 4 ; Fessenden, i2.66;'Hawkinson, 14; Hesler, 3; 
Litchfield, 4.24; Oriska, Union, 17.45; Lykeston, Rev. P. 
C. Burhaus, 5; Wyndemere, 2. 

SOUTH DAKOTA, $118.37. 

Bowdle, S. S., 1.80; Clark, 5 05: Fort Pierre, 37.22; S. S., 
4.15; Letcher and Loomis, 6.36; Mission Hill, 4.19; Mitchell, 
C. E., 8; Parkston, German, 30; Turton, 11.60; Tyndall, 
German, 10. 

COLORADO, $.70.08. 

Collbran, 18.05; Denver, Rev. R. T. Cross, 5; Villa 
Park, 6; C. E. Soc, 5; Fondis, 1.50; Leadville, 360; 
Pueblo, Minnequa, 1; Sulphur Springs, ist, 6.25. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss I. M. Strong, Tieas.: 
Boulder, 6.50; Colorado Springs, 10; ist 30; Cripple Creek, 
20; Denver, Pilgrim, 5.40; 3d 6; So. Broadway, 15 50; 
Plymouth, 25; Fruita, 3 75; Grand Junction, 12. 70; Gree- 
ley, 18 80; Harman, 6.50; Montrose, 6.60; North Denver, 
8.75; Rye, 6.30; Yampa, S. S., 41.88. Total, 223.68. 

WYOMING, $151.30. 

Woman's Missionary Union, Miss E. McCrum. Treas.: 
Cheyenne, 63.30; Douglas, 16.75; Green River, 8.75; Lusk, 
12 50; Rock Springs, 2.50; Sheridan, 25; Wheatland, 17.50; 
Busy Bees, 5. Total, 151.30. 

MONTANA, $21.06. 

Received by Rev. W. S. Bell: Columbus, Ladies' Miss. 
S^c. by Mrs. W. S. Bell. Treas. Mont. Miss. Union, 5: 

Big Timber, Rev. and Mrs. E. A. Cook. 2; Red Lodge, 

ISt, 14.06. 

UTAH, $20. 
Salt Lake City, Mrs. D. E. Hemphill, Special, 20. 

IDAHO, $28. 
Genesee, T. H. Brewer, 25; Lowiston, Pilgrim, 3. 

CALIFORNIA, $922.01; of which legacy, $500. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile: Long Beach, Plymouth, 
98.63; Los Angeles, ist, Piimary Dept', 5; Plymouth, 
C. E. Soc, 5; Park. 20; Highland, Junior C, E., 3.00; 
Saticoy, 37; Whittier, 54.41. Total, 223.54. 



Avalon, 5; California, A Friend, 50; Hyde Park, 10; 
Little Lake, 6.60: Pasadena, 1st, 51.80; Mrs. J. W. 
ECeese, 50; Paso Robles, Plymouth. 6.01; Rosedale and 
Wasco, j.w; San Jacinto, 1st, n; S. S., 4.76; Ventura, 
Legacy from Mrs. A. A, Mayhew, 500. 

OREGON, $i)S.5s. 

Beaver Creek, Herman, 25; Pendleton, s.soj St. Johns, 
3; Salem, 3.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Treas.. 58.35; 
Albany, 5; Beaverton, 5; Corvallis, 1st, 6; Forest Grove, 5.50; 
Gaston, 1 1. 50; Oregon City, 7.50; Portland, 1st, 5.70; Mrs. 
S. Abernethy, 10. Total, 114.55. 

Ballard, Mrs. J.C. Strong, 5; Black Diamond, Pilgrim, 

st, j; Ritzville, J. D. Bassett, 10; Zion's German, 40 
ALASKA, $8. 
Valdez, C. E., 8. 

CUBA, $ S . 
Cienfuegos, 5. 

Receipts in October, 1905. 

Contributions'. $8, 610.87 

Legacies 824.38 

T . $9,435-25 

Interest 567.07 

Home Missionary 202.96 

Literature 40.69 

Total $10,245.97 



Receipts in October, 1905. 

Rev. Joshua C oit, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Andover, Hallardvale, 54; Seminary, 270; Ashby, 
12.65; Athol, so 50; Belchertown, 28.59; Beverly, Dane St., 
201. so; Boston, Boylston, 5; Dorchester, 2d, 10; Italian, 
1. 81; Roxbury, Eliot, 188.75: Income of Brackett 
Fund, 80; Brighton, Pro Christo Club, 8; Brookline, 
Harvard, 56.62; Cambridge, Pilgrim, 11.72; Chicopee, 
Estate Calista A. Kelly, 2,059 83: Danvers, Maple St., 
100.01; Finns, The Cape, 9.65; Fitchburg, Finns 27.15; 
Georgetown, 7.27; Gill, 8; Groton, West, 5.09; Income 
of Gurney Fund, 15; Income of Hale Fund, 52.50; In- 
come of Haile Fund. 56.25; Hanover, 2d, 2.30; Hanson, 
1st, 3; Harwichport. 4.5s; Hingham, Evangelical, 40.16; 
Holyoke, 1st. 28.71; Ludlow, Union, 22.33; Mansfield, 19.39; 
Marshfield Hills, 2Ld, Trin., ir.51; Maynard, Finn, 9.40: 
Medford, Mystic, 113. 16; Union, 47.38; Newbury, 1st, 
24.42; Newton, Eliot, 76; Newton Center, 1st, 77.01; North- 
field, Fast, 5; Peabody, 2nd, 4; West, 15; Petersham, Miss 
E. B. Dawes, 100; Pilgrim Conference, 2.22; Pittsfield, 
French, is; Quincy, Bethany, 5; Finn, 6.64; Raynham, 
1st, n.22; .Reading, 30: Income of Reed Fund, 140; Roch- 
ester, North, 2.25; Income of Rollins Fund, 20; In- 
come of Sisters Fund, So; South Framingham, Grace, 
61.99; South Hadley, 10.67; Sonth Royalston, 2nd, 8.36; 
South Sudbury, Memorial, 7.03; Springfield, 1st, 24.73; 
Hope; 57-77; Olivet, 10.25; Sutton, 1st, 4.02; Townsend, 
17.09; Wakefield, 23.30; Income of Wall Fund, 48; Web- 
ster, 55.38; West Boxford, 10.40; Income of Whitcomb 
Fund, 7^; Income of Whitin Fund. 207; Whitman, 

13.04; Winchendon, 1st, S. S., 7; Woburn, North, 14.30; 
Ladies' Charit ble Reading Society, 30; Worcester, 
Hope, 17; Piedmont, 20.05; 2nd, Swede, 6; Union, A 
Friend, ion; Wrentham, Original, 18: Designated for 
Rev. Mr. Long, Nogales. Arizona, Wellesley Hills, 4.40; 
Designated for C. H. M. S. Boston, Mrs. Harvey, 5: 
Money and Men. r; Newtonville, Central, 67; West 

Springfield, 1st, iS; Springfield, Hope, 20. 

Woman's H. M. Asso., Lizzie D. White, Tfeas.: 
Salaries for French College, 140; for Italian worker, 
35; for Polish worker, 140; for Mr. Deakin's salary, 


Regular $5,077.81 

Designated for Rev. Mr. Long, Arizona 4.40 

Designated for C. H. M. S in. 00 

W. H. M A _ 376.29 

Home Missionary 5.60 

Total $5.575-io 


Receipts in October, 1905. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Ashford. 6.60; Berlin, Italian Mission, 3.29; Bloomfield 
C. E., v. Bolton, 5; Bridgeport, Kinc's Highway Ch»pel, 
2.85; Bristol, 1st, 12.79; Canaan, Pilgrim, 27 37; Cole- 
brook, 17.45; Coventry, 2nd, Home Evangelization 
Society, 55.25; Deep River, Swedish, 3.25; Eastford, 
C. E., 5; East Hartford, 1st, 12.36; Easton, 10; Ellington, 

C. E., for foreign work in Connecticut, 6; Exeter, 
17.17; Foxen, 6.15; Georgetown, (lilbert Memorial, 25; 
Glastonbury, 1st, 341.75; Granby, -Swedish, 2.20; Hart- 
ford, 1st, 45.45; for C. H. M. S., 101.65; Ivoryton, 
Swedish. 5.25; Litchfield, 1st, 43.30; Middletown, 1st, 
17 88; New Haven, Emanuel, Swedish, 10; Norwich, 
Park, Sunday School, for work among foreigners in 
Conn., 20; Shelton, 25; Simsbury, Sunday School, for 
Italian work, 10; Waterbury, 2nd. 60; West Haven, 1st, 
9.65; Willington, s; W C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. 
George Follett. Sec , for work among foreigners in 
Conn., 25; for generalfwork, 25. 

M. S. C 846.01 

C. H. M. S 101.65 

Total $947.66 


Receipts in October, 1905. 

Rev. J( hn P. Sanderson, Treasurer, Lansing. 

Alpena, 30.16; Beacon Hill. 2; Breckenridge, 18; Charle; 
voix, 63.90; Custer, 6,50; Detroit, 1st, 100; Mt. Hope, 5- 
East Parif, 6; Fenwick," 3; Flat Rock, 3; Garden, 5; Hudson, 
51.45; S. S..5.56; Lansing, Pilgrim, 2s; Merrill, 5; Omena, 
6.56; St. Clair, 21.55; Sheridan, S; Sidney, 5, Standish, 
13; Suttons Bay, 2.94; W. H. M. U. by Mrs. E. F. 
Grabill, Treas., 575. 

Total $959.62 


Receipts in August, September and October, 1905.. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer, New York. 

Buffalo, 1st, 100: Brooklyn Hills, 12: Brooklyn, Puritan, 
•5.05; Bay Shore, C. K., 10; Center Lisle, 3.25; Chenango 
Forks, 16.52; DeRuyter, 3.94: East Rockaway, 14: Ellington, 
10.50; Flushing, Broadway, 7.50: Homer, 23. co: Northfield, 
S. S.. 17.22; New York, Armenian. 20.41; New Rochelle. 
3: Oriskany Falls, 4; Osceola, 6; Patchogue, 43.36; Prat- 
tham, 6; Pulaski, 50.05: Sherburne, 462.65; Syracuse, Pil- 
erim, 6.75; Summer Hill, 45.72; Walton, 117.92; West 
Groton, 2.85; W. H. M. U., as follows: Rensselaer Falls, 
C. E., 4 ; W. H. M. U.,26. Total $1,020.19 


Receipts in August, September, and October, 1905. 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer, Chicago, 111. 

Receipts in August, 1905. 

Chicago, North Shore, 20: Leavitt St., 24.02; Glencoe, 
12.50. Johnston City, 338: Kangley, 5.10; Naperville, 32; 
Oak Park, 2nd, 29.29; Winnetka, 27. So: Ministerial 
Bureau, 5: Winnebago, Miss E. Hunter, 20; La Grange, 
f. Kidson, 10; Hoopston, Dana Sherrill, 10; Harvard 
Robt. C. Uecke, 10: I. W. H. M. U., 53.18. 

Receipts in September, 1905. 

Brainerd, 2.50; Buda, 35; Crystal Lake, C. E., 2.50; De- 
catur, A F' iend, 10; Dwight, 26; Edelstein, 2.50; Fel- 
lowship C. E.. 1; Griggsville, 27.25; S. S., 2.25 Lincoln 

2 5 8 


Park, Friend, 2; Oak Park, 4th, S S., 12; 3rd, 5.48: 
Ontario, 6.53; Odell, 50; Rockton, 5; West Chicago, C. E., 
10; Wheaton, 1st, 23.19; Woodburn, 23; I. W. H. M. U., 
21.40: B. N. Freese, 50; Dwight, Mrs. Jas. Currier, r; 
Stockton, H. M. Herrick, 10; Barry, Williamson, 1; 
China, Misses Wyckoff 15; Interest, 197.50; Produce, 
8.99; Ministerial Bureau, 12. 

Receipts in October. 
Batavia, 43.65; Chesterfield, 15.62; Chicago, Union Park' 
5; Lincoln Park, 2 50; Leavitt St., 74.06; 1st, C. E., 4.50; 
1st, 20.87: Warren Ave., 29.32; Evanston, 1st, 65; 
Dwight, S. S., 30: Glen Ellyn, 23; Geneva, 19.37; Hins- 
dale, 78.15; Naperville, S. S., 15.44; Oak Park, 1st, 71 21; 
Payson, 35.56: Rockford, 2nd, 91.52; S. S., 13-18; Univer- 
sity, 30; I. W. H. M. U., 104.48; Rent, 85.50; Produce, 
3.60; National Cong'l Soc, 60.51; ]. A. D. Earlville, 
25; Marseilles, J. Q. Adams. 25; Malta, Mrs. Emma 
Puffer, 5. Tot«l... $2,137.02 

Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 
Receipts in October, 1905. 

Alexandria, S. S., 3; Ashtabula, Finnish, 3; Akron' 
West, 65.50; Berea, C. E., 3; Centenn'al. 1.31; Columbus' 
North, 10.07; Cincinnati, No. Fairmount, 5.55; Cleve- 
land, Piljrrim, 100; Cyril, S. S , 5; Grafton, 6.07; C. E.' 
1.25; Huntsburg, C E., 5; Lexington, 15; Lucas, Arthur 
Loiter, 10; Medina, 225.08; S. S , 11.60; A. I. Root, 
Special, 25; Marysville, 20; S. S , 1; North Fairfield, 10; 
Oberlin, 1st, 21; 2d, 29.67; Painesville, Union 3; Plain, 3; 
Ruggles, 22.21; Saybrook, C. E., 3; Strongville, 20: Shan- 
don, 19.04; West Andover, C. E., 5; Windham, 29; Youngs- 
town, Plymouth, C. E , s- 

Total $686.35 

For Bohemian work, Cleveland, Pilgrim, 100. 


Receipts in October, 1905. 

Mrs. George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo. 

Akron, West, W. M. S.. 8.40; Alexis, W. M. S., 2; 
Andover, W. M. S. 6.70; Ashland, W. M. S., 2.80; Ash- 
tabula, 1st W. M. S., 20; 2nd, W. S., 28; Austinburg, 
W M S , 1 80; Bellevue, W. M. S., 10; Belpre, W. M. S., 
4.20: Berlin Heights, W. M. S., 2.80; C. E , 5; Burton, 
W. M. S., 3.44; C. E., 10: Per 4; Ceredo, W. Va., 
W. M S.,'225: Chardon, W M. S , 510; C. E.. 3; 
Charlestown. W. M. S., 2.25; Chatham, W. M. S. 5; Cin- 
cinnati, Columbia, W. M. S., 8; North Fairmount, 

5; Claridon, W. M. S., 10; Clarksfield, W. M. S., 450; 
Cleveland, Archwood, W. M. S., 7; E. Madi-on, 
W. M. S. 5.60; Franklin, W. M. S , 9.50; 1st, W. A., 
14; Lakeview, W. M. S., 7; Pilgrim, W. A., 34 40;, 
Trinity, W. M. S., 7; Columbus, Mayflower, W. M. S.; 
7; North, W. M. S., 3; Plymouth, W. M. S., 18.60; 
Conneaut, W. M. S. 6.86; Elyria, 1st, W. A., 12 50; Gus- 
tavus, C. E., 1; Hudson, C. E., 1; Kirtland, W. M. S., 3; 
Lima C. E. 2.50; Lindenville, W. M. S., 3 50; Lock Per, 
2; Lodi. W. M. S., 4.75; Lorain. W. M. S.. n; C. E . 10; 
Lyme, W. M. S., 57c . Y. P. Mc, 2.90; Mansfield, May- 
flower, C. E., 2.50; Marietta, 1st. W. M. S.; 3; H a rmoar, 
W. M. S., 30c. Oak Grove Branch, M. B. ,3.50; 
Marysville,. W. M. S., 2.70; Medina, W. M. S., n 50; 
Mt. Vernon. W. M. S.. 16.80; Newark, Plvmouth, W. 
M. S., 4.20; New London, W. M. S., 3.Q0; Norwalk, 3 05; 
Oberlin, 2nd, W. M. S., 27; S. S., 8; Painesville, iFt, W. 
M. S , 22,5';; Plain, W. M. S., 2.80; Ravenna, W. M. S., 
7^c; Richfield, W. M. S.. 1.40; Ruggles, W. M. S\ 6 10; 
Sandusky, W. M. S., 9; Springfield. 1st. W. M. S.. 7.59; 
C. E., 15; Lagonda, 1st, C. E.. 1; Strongville, C E, 2.50; 
Tallmadge, W. M. S., 22.50; Toledo Central, W. M. S., 
1 60; 1st, W. A., 50; Plymouth, W. M. S.. q; 2d, W. 
M. S., 1; Washington St., C. E.. 2 <o; Unionville, 
W. M. S. 5; Wakeman. W. M. S , 10; Wellington, W.A , 
25. 16; West Andover, W. M. S., 2.80: West Williamsfield, 
W. M. S., 10; Windham, W. M. S., 8.40; York. W. M. S , 
3.36; Youngstown, Elm, W. M. S., 8.68; Plymouth, W. 
M. S., 8.40; Zanesville, W. M. S., 1.80. 

Total. 675-91 

General total -.$1,462 26 


Reported at the National Office in October, 1905. 

Bennington, Vt., 1st, box and bbl., 150; Bloomfield, Ct. 
Ch., bbl., 8=;; Canandaigua, N. Y., 1st, box and bbl , 172, 
Claremont, N. H., 1st, Ladies Asso , bbl., <;o; Geneva, 0., 
C. E. S., bbl.. 3i.2<; Lockport, N. Y., 1st., W. H. M. S.; 
box 97.58; Lyme, N. H., L. B. S., box and cash, 113.50, 
Medina, 0., L. B. S , 1st, box, 40; New Britain, Ct., 1st; 
W.H.M. S., box, 202.30; Newtown,ECt., 1st, bbl.; 1.513 
Norwich, Ct., Park. W. H. M. S. box, 90; Perry Centre, 
N, Y., 1st, L. B. S., bbl., 60.06; Redding, Ct., Redding 
Aux., W. H. M. U., bbl , 56 03; Stomngton, Ct., 2nd, 
b x and bbl., 175.42; Talcottville, Ct., L. M. S., bbl. 
in: Torrington. Ct., Centre, bbl.. 93.34; White Plains, 
N. Y., Ch. Ladies' Aid Soc, 2 bbls., 342.01; Wellsville, 
N. Y., 1st, W. M. U , 2 boxes, 118. 14; Williamstown, 
Mass., 1st, W. M. S.. box and bbl., 87. 

Total $1,632.76 

Rudolph Lenz 


62-65 Bible House 
New York 


50 Cents a Year 


Ente/ed at the Post-Office, at New York, N Y . as second-class [mail] nwMTje-i 

presbyt&i)^ t iMWIl1ociety. 


^ ; For JANUARY, 1906. 

WILL IT PAY? (Illustrated.) 

Rev. Fred Hovey Allen 259 


Rev. William Burnett . . . . .266 


Don O. Shelton . . . . . . . .269 

EDITOR'S OUTLOOK . . . . . . .273 

Again the City — An Immigration Conference — William H. Wanamaker 


What are We Doing in the City? C. E. Jefferson . . .275 

The Slum and the City. Josiah Strong .... 275 

What is the Remedy ? Lyman Abbott ..... 276 
A New Situation. T. B. McLeod . . . . .277 

OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE. Conducted by Don O. Shelton 

What Others Do— What Can We Do— Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen . 278 

A Kindly Protest 279 

The Destiny of America. I. The March of a Nation. By W. W. 
Jordan, D.D 280 


Through the Missionary's Eyes— Hard Won Fruit— A Year's Work— 
A Familiar Voice— A Missionary Incident — The Home Missionary's 
Children— Paying Back— The Lewis and Clatk Fair — Long Distances 
and High Prices — A Great Opportunity — Church Letters — Temper- 
ance in Florida — The Foreigner is Willing — Was it a Little Victory ? 


The Hartford Home Missionary Club— Something of Arizona — And 
What of These? 





Published monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 








. . BY. . 

Don O. Shelton 

The First Home Mission Text 

Book in the Forward 

Mission Study Series 

For Mission Study Classes 
in Young People's Societies 

For Women's Home Mission 

For General Reading 

302 Pages. Handsomely 
Bound. Illustrated. Cloth, 50 
Cents. Paper, 35 Cents. Postage 
10 Cents Extra. 

Just now, when the attention of the world is focused